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Diurnal Patterns of Triglycerides, Free Fatty Acids, Blood Sugar, and Insulin during Carbohydrate-Induction in Man and Their Modification by Nocturnal Suppression of Lipolysis

Schlierf, G.; Dorow, E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1973 EN
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Previous studies have shown that carbohydrate induction of hypertriglyceridemia in normal subjects occurs at night and appears to be related to a rise of free fatty acids after diurnal feeding of high-carbohydrate formula diet. The present investigation was undertaken to observe the effect on 24-h triglyceride, free fatty acid, blood sugar, and plasma insulin profiles of inhibition of nocturnal lipolysis by glucose or nicotinic acid in normal subjects and in patients with type IV hyperlipoproteinemia.

Blood sugar response to glucagon in migraine

Silva, K. L. De; Ron, M. A.; Pearce, John
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1974 EN
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45.64%
The hyperglycaemic response to intramuscular glucagon was studied in 19 migraine subjects and 17 matched controls. Venous blood sugar 30 minutes after the injection, and the maximum rise from fasting levels, were significantly reduced in migraine subjects. This diminished sensitivity to the hyperglycaemic action of glucagon may be at least one factor in the hypoglycaemia unresponsiveness shown in migraine.

The influence of thiopentone anaesthesia on the blood lipid and blood sugar level

Fodor, J.; Grafnetter, D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1960 EN
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Thiopentone anaesthesia in dogs and rats was accompanied by a sharp fall in blood nonesterified fatty acids and a small increase in blood sugar. No pronounced changes in the blood concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids or fatty acid esters were observed. Ether anaesthesia had no effect on the blood non-esterified fatty acids in rats. The fall in non-esterified fatty acids during thiopentone anaesthesia is therefore not related to the state of anaesthesia itself.

Blood Sugar Changes in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinaemia and Phenobarbitone Therapy

Yeung, C. Y.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1972 EN
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A controlled study was carried out to show the effect of bilirubinaemia and phenobarbitone therapy on the blood sugar metabolism in newborn infants. In the control infants, a significant inverse correlation existed between the serum bilirubin and the blood sugar levels in the first 4 days. The liver seemed to be a factor in producing such a relation. Glucose may be a useful adjunct to the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Phenobarbitone therapy had significantly raised the blood sugar levels and lowered the serum bilirubin levels in these infants. It is suggested that enhancement of liver function or induction of hepatic enzymes may be the cause.

Oral Glucose Tolerance and Related Factors in a Normal Population Sample—I. Blood Sugar, Plasma Insulin, Glyceride, and Cholesterol Measurements and the Effects of Age and Sex

Boyns, D. R.; Crossley, J. N.; Abrams, M. E.; Jarrett, R. J.; Keen, H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/03/1969 EN
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Oral glucose tolerance tests were performed on 220 people, a representative sample of the employees of a large pharmaceutical company. Blood sugar and plasma immunoreactive insulin levels were measured on each sample of venous blood obtained before and at half-hourly intervals for two hours after 50 g. of glucose by mouth; plasma cholesterol and glycerides were measured on the fasting sample only.

BLOOD SUGAR STUDIES : I. RAPID ALTERATIONS IN THE BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL OF RABBITS AS RESULT OF INTRAVENOUS INJECTIONS OF KILLED BACTERIA OF VARIOUS TYPES.

Zeckwer, Isolde T.; Goodell, Helen
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/06/1925 EN
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A rapid rise in the blood sugar level of rabbits was produced by intravenous injections of killed Bacillus proteus, Bacillus coli, and Bacillus paratyphosus B, which returned to nearly the previous level in a few hours time. A less pronounced rise in blood sugar was produced by killed Bacillus paratyphosus A and Bacillus enteritidis.

BLOOD SUGAR STUDIES : II. BLOOD SUGAR CHANGES IN FATAL BACTERIAL ANAPHYLAXIS IN THE RABBIT.

Zeckwer, Isolde T.; Goodell, Helen
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/06/1925 EN
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1. During bacterial anaphylaxis there is a gradual rise in the blood sugar level, which attains an extremely high value at the time of death. 2. The curve of blood sugar is quite similar whether anaphylaxis is induced by organisms which affect the blood sugar in the unsensitized animal or by organisms which have no such effect. 3. No instances occurred in which there was not a marked hyperglycemia in anaphylaxis.

Dirty Electricity Elevates Blood Sugar Among Electrically Sensitive Diabetics and May Explain Brittle Diabetes

Havas, Magda
Fonte: Informa Healthcare Publicador: Informa Healthcare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Transient electromagnetic fields (dirty electricity), in the kilohertz range on electrical wiring, may be contributing to elevated blood sugar levels among diabetics and prediabetics. By closely following plasma glucose levels in four Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics, we find that they responded directly to the amount of dirty electricity in their environment. In an electromagnetically clean environment, Type 1 diabetics require less insulin and Type 2 diabetics have lower levels of plasma glucose. Dirty electricity, generated by electronic equipment and wireless devices, is ubiquitous in the environment. Exercise on a treadmill, which produces dirty electricity, increases plasma glucose. These findings may explain why brittle diabetics have difficulty regulating blood sugar. Based on estimates of people who suffer from symptoms of electrical hypersensitivity (3–35%), as many as 5–60 million diabetics worldwide may be affected. Exposure to electromagnetic pollution in its various forms may account for higher plasma glucose levels and may contribute to the misdiagnosis of diabetes. Reducing exposure to electromagnetic pollution by avoidance or with specially designed GS filters may enable some diabetics to better regulate their blood sugar with less medication and borderline or pre-diabetics to remain non diabetic longer.

Effects of insulin, glimepiride and combination therapy of insulin and metformin on blood sugar and lipid profile of NIDDM patients

Valsaraj, Sona; Augusti, K. T.; Chemmanam, Varghese; Jose, Regi
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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In the present study the efficacies of therapy with insulin, sulphonylurea or insulin + metformin on NIDDM patients are compared. One group which was on a definite dose of insulin therapy, but with uncontrolled diabetes was treated by doubling the insulin dose, a second group whose diabetes was not controlled by glibenclamide was switched over to another sulphonylurea viz; glimepiride and a third group whose diabetes was not controlled by insulin therapy was switched over to a combination therapy with insulin +metformin. After recording their initial blood parameters all the groups were treated as above for 3 months, and the parameters were again determined. The fasting blood sugar and serum lipids of the first group were controlled significantly, but the values were far above normal range. However HDL Cholesterol and atherogenic index were near normal range. In glimepiride treated group, none of the parameters showed any amelioration. In the combined therapy group, control of blood sugar and atherogenic index was more or less the same as for group 1, but hyperlipidemia remained slightly above that of the same. From the findings we can infer that in long term diabetes treatment higher doses of insulin and combined therapy with insulin and metformin may be more beneficial than with low doses of insulin or sulfonyl urea alone

Fasting Blood Sugar and Serum Triglyceride as the Risk Factors of Colorectal Adenoma in Korean Population Receiving Screening Colonoscopy

Pyo, Jeung Hui; Kim, Eun Sun; Chun, Hoon Jai; Keum, Bora; Jeen, Yoon Tae; Lee, Hong Sik; Kim, Chang Duck; Ryu, Ho Sang; Kim, Young Ha; Lee, Jung Eun
Fonte: The Korean Society of Clinical Nutrition Publicador: The Korean Society of Clinical Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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45.71%
In several previously reported studies, metabolic syndrome (MS) was found to be associated with colorectal adenomas. While the incidence of colorectal adenoma is growing in Korean population, there are only few studies that examined the association between MS and colorectal adenoma in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between prevalence of colorectal adenoma and MS components. We conducted a cross sectional study using data from individuals who had undergone complete colonoscopy for health examinations at the Health Promotion Center of Korea University Medical Center from July 1, 2004 to July 31, 2010. A total of 7481 subjects (4459 males and 3022 females) were included; 1733 subjects with pathologically proven adenoma were assigned to the case group, and other 5748 subjects were assigned to the non-case group. All the participants underwent colonoscopy and received blood biochemical tests (fasting blood sugar [FBS], insulin, lipid profile, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen [BUN], creatinine). Univariate analysis showed that the prevalence of colorectal adenoma was higher in individuals with higher blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), FBS and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterols (HDL-C) levels...

The effect of complex exercise rehabilitation program on body composition, blood pressure, blood sugar, and vessel elasticity in elderly women with obesity

Lee, Eun-Ok; Lee, Kwon-Ho; Kozyreva, Olga
Fonte: Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation Publicador: Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/12/2013 EN
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The purpose of this study is to identify what kind of effects complex exercise rehabilitation program has on body composition of female, blood pressure, blood sugar, blood vessel elasticity and find more effective complex exercise program for elderly females. The subjects are selected 30 females applicants in exercise program in City of G and not restricted in mobility to perform the exercise without any particular disorders. Exercise program is a combination of aerobic and strength training with different ratio, for the first 6 months focused on strength training complex exercise, and for next 6 months focused on aerobic exercise. Except for strength training and aerobic exercise, durations for strength, rest, and wrapping-up are equal. The frequency of experiments is 90 min each, 2 times per a week. Body composition, blood pressure, and blood vessel elasticity are tested pre and post experiment to compare the effectiveness of both complex exercises. As results, in the complex exercise program focused on strength training, weight, percent body fat, fat mass, waist hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic pressure increased. Blood vessel elasticity maintained its level or slightly decreased. In the complex exercise focused on aerobic exercise...

Comparative study of Vamana and Virechanakarma in controlling blood sugar levels in diabetes mellitus

Jindal, Nitin; Joshi, Nayan P.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) with its devastating consequences is a global health problem of this era. Presently India is having the largest diabetic population of 50.8 million. The characteristic features of DM have close resemblance with Prameha (obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes) in Ayurveda. Madhumeha is a Vatika subtype of Prameha that is most close to DM. One variety of this Madhumeha (DM) is Aavaranjanya (due to occlusion) in which Vayu aggravates due to occlusion by Pitta or Kapha. This type of Madhumeha (DM) can be managed if Samshodhana (bio-cleansing) is used in early stages of disease followed by palliative treatment. Vamana (emetic therapy) and Virechana (purgation therapy) are the Samsodhana Karma (bio-cleansing therapies) that are compatible to overcome this Aavarana (occlusion). A comparative study was planned to compare their efficacy in controlling blood sugar levels in patients with DM. Although none of them were completely able to control blood sugar in the long-term but the study yields some very interesting results in reducing the blood sugar levels which could be useful in the future studies related to DM.

The Effects of Ginger on Fasting Blood Sugar, Hemoglobin A1c, Apolipoprotein B, Apolipoprotein A-I and Malondialdehyde in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Khandouzi, Nafiseh; Shidfar, Farzad; Rajab, Asadollah; Rahideh, Tayebeh; Hosseini, Payam; Mir Taheri, Mohsen
Fonte: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
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Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, causes many complications such as micro- and macro-vascular diseases. Anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic and anti-oxidative properties of ginger have been noticed in several researches. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of ginger on fasting blood sugar, Hemoglobin A1c, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A-I, and malondialdehyde in type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial, a total of 41 type 2 diabetic patients randomly were assigned to ginger or placebo groups (22 in ginger group and 19 in control group), received 2 g/day of ginger powder supplement or lactose as placebo for 12 weeks. The serum concentrations of fasting blood sugar, Hemoglobin A1c, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A-I and malondialdehyde were analyzed before and after the intervention. Ginger supplementation significantly reduced the levels of fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I and malondialdehyde in ginger group in comparison to baseline, as well as control group, while it increased the level of apolipoprotein A-I (p<0.05). It seems that oral administration of ginger powder supplement can improves fasting blood sugar...

SSRI und ihre Wirkung auf das Körpergewicht; SSRI and the effect on bodyweight

Sträter, Alexandra
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
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Bei der Behandlung der Depression mit Antidepressiva der Gruppe der selektiven Serotonin-Wiederaufnahmehemmer (SSRI) wurden im Gegensatz zu den bisherigen klassischen trizyklischen Antidepressiva Gewichtsabnahmen beobachtet. Diese Körpergewichtsreduktion unter SSRI-Therapie war Ausgangspunkt dieser Studie. Ziel war, die durch den serotonergen Einfluss verursachte Gewichtsreduktion mit ggf. Leptinsenkung prospektiv im Verlauf festzuhalten. Hierfür wurden neun Patienten in die Studie aufgenommen, wobei sechs die Gruppe 1 (bei Studienanfang keine SSRI-Einnahme) und drei die Gruppe 2 (bei Studienanfang mindestens 8-wöchige Einnahme von SSRI) bildeten. Bei Gruppe 2 wurde einmalig Leptin- und Melatonin im Blut, Blutzuckertagesprofil und Körpergewicht bestimmt. In Gruppe 1 wurde die Studie in vier Phasen über drei Wochen eingeteilt. Täglich wurden Essensprotokolle erfasst, wöchentlich wurden Leptin- und Melatoninspiegel im Blut, das Gewicht und das Blutzuckertagesprofil bestimmt. Sämtliche Parameter wurden mit den Basalwerten vor der Therapie verglichen. Man beobachtete bei fünf Patienten eine Reduktion bis maximal 7,2 % des Ausgangsgewichtes, ein Patient wies eine Zunahme von 2,8 % des Ausgangsgewichtes auf. Alle Patienten zeigten eine Senkung des Blutzuckerspiegels. Die Leptinwerte sind im beobachteten Zeitraum mit einer Gesamtdifferenz zwischen –0...

Die Bauchhaut als alternativer Blutentnahmeort für die Blutglukoseselbstkontrolle - Richtigkeit der Messwerte, Praktikabilität und Patientenakzeptanz im Vergleich zu der konventionellen Blutentnahme aus der Fingerbeere; Blood gucose self-monitoring: alternative site testing from the abdominal skin - accuracy, practicability and acceptance by the patient in comparison to the established blood sampling from the finger pulp

Thießen, Ekkehart
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
DE_DE
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Für viele Diabetiker bedeutet die mehrmals tägliche Blutglukoseselbstkontrolle über Jahre und Jahrzehnte einen unvermeidlichen Bestandteil ihrer Therapie. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde untersucht, ob die Blutentnahme aus der Bauchhaut eine genaue, praktikable und schmerzärmere Alternative zu der etablierten Blutentnahme aus der Fingerbeere darstellen könnte. An 5 aufeinander folgenden Tagen bestimmten 63 Diabetiker und 16 gesunde Freiwillige je 5 mal täglich ihre Blutglukose durch parallele Blutentnahme aus der Fingerbeere und der Bauchhaut. Als Referenz wurde eine Laborkontrolle aus einer zeitgleich aus der Fingerbeere entnommenen Blutprobe mitgeführt. Bei über 1900 Messungen korrelierten die durch Blutentnahme aus der Bauchhaut gewonnenen Messergebnisse eng mit den Selbstmessungen aus der Fingerbeere (r = 0,95). Dies galt für einen weiten Messbereich, der mit Werten zwischen 30 mg/dl und 350 mg/dl alle klinisch relevanten Blutglukosekonzentrationen erfasste. Bei der Untersuchung der Messwertdifferenzen nach dem von Bland und Altman beschriebenen Verfahren fanden sich mehr als 95% der Wertepaare in dem für die Methode geforderten Messbereich von +/- 2 Standardabweichungen vom Mittelwert der Differenzen. Bei der unter klinischen Aspekten wichtigen Error-Grid-Analyse lagen 99...

Características de las canales y parámetros sanguíneos de pollos suplementados con cromo y su desempeño productivo; Characteristics of the channels and blood parameters of chickens complemented with chromium and their productive acting

Herrán, Jorge A.; Peña, Helmy K.; Latorre, Sergio; Calderón, Cesar
Fonte: Ibagué : Universidad del Tolima, 2011; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia Publicador: Ibagué : Universidad del Tolima, 2011; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia
Tipo: Artículo de revista; Text; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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Páginas 15-19; Recurso Electrónico; El presente trabajo evaluó el efecto del cromo en dietas para pollo de engorde con diferentes niveles de inclusión. Se evaluó : peso inicial, peso final, ganancia de peso, conversión, consumo, rendimiento en canal, peso de alas, pechuga, pernil, colesterol, glicemia y HDL. Se emplearon 96 aves distribuidas en 4 tratamientos con 4 repeticiones y 6 aves en cada una, alimentadas con cromo a partir del día noveno de vida hasta el día 35. Los tratamientos 1, 2, 3, y 4 contenían cromo en 0ppm, 0,5 ppm, 1 ppm, y 1,5 ppm en la dieta respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias significativas (p<0,05) entre tratamientos con respecto a peso final, ganancia de peso, conversión alimenticia, peso de la pechuga, peso de las alas, peso de pernil, al igual que colesterol, glicemia y HDL. Únicamente existe diferencia significativa (p>0,05) en el consumo de alimento. Pese a lo anterior los mejores resultados obtenidos se presentaron en los tratamientos 2. Peso final (1983.3 g vs 2032,3 g), ganancia de peso (1811,9 g vs 1859,9 g ), conversión (1,666 vs 1,670). Con respecto al consumo el tratamiento control presento consumo más bajo (3305 g vs 3395 g), y rendimiento en canal el tratamiento control presento mejor rendimiento con respecto a los demás tratamientos (71...

Blood Sugar Lowering Effect of Coccinia grandis (L.) J. Voigt: Path for a New Drug for Diabetes Mellitus

Munasinghe, M. A. A. K.; Abeysena, C.; Yaddehige, I. S.; Vidanapathirana, T.; Piyumal, K. P. B.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Background. Role of herbs in the management and control of diabetes has emerged fast over the years. We assessed the efficacy of Coccinia grandis (locally known as Ken, Kovakka) leaves as a hypoglycemic agent. Methods. Double-blind phase I clinical trial was conducted at the general hospital and a private hospital in Matara in August 2009. All the participants were given a common meal for dinner, and they maintained a 10-hour fasting period. Sixty-one healthy volunteers were given a meal containing 20 g of leaves of Coccinia grandis which was mixed with a measured amount of scraped coconut and table salt for breakfast, and other 61 were given the placebo meal which also contained scraped coconut and salt. Glucose tolerance test was performed blindly for the two groups. Mixed factorial design analysis of variance and student's t-test were applied. Results. Overall blood sugar levels of the experimental group were also significantly lower than those of the control group (F(1,117) 5.56, P < 0.05). Increase in the blood sugar levels from fasting to one hour (F(1,117) 6.77, P < 0.05) and two hours (F(1,117) 5.28, P < 0.05) postprandially was statistically significant for participants who were in the control group than those of in the experimental group. The mean difference of postprandial blood sugar levels (mg/dL) after one hour (20.2...

Underestimation of prevalence of raised blood sugar from history compared to biochemical estimation: support for the WHO rule of halves in a population based survey in Eritrea of 2009

Mufunda, Jacob; Ghebrat, Yohannes; Usman, Abdulmumini; Mebrahtu, Goitom; Gebreslassie, Asmera
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/11/2015 EN
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To ascertain the prevalence of diabetes mellitus from history and biochemical estimation so as to attest the WHO Rule of halves in a lean population. A population based national survey on diabetes mellitus was carried out in 2009. History and fingerpicks blood analysis were examined according to recommended procedures of the WHO STEPwise approach and the WHO recommended automated machine to compare the two modalities of estimating diabetes prevalence. Over 6000 people with a response rate of 95 % and a prevalence of raised blood glucose of 5.0 %. The prevalence from history of raised blood sugar was 2.2 %. Less than half (47 %) of the persons with high blood glucose were aware of their status with less than half on treatment. Of those on treatment less than half (30 %) were well controlled. Prevalence of raised fasting blood glucose was more than double that estimated from history, with less than half of the people aware of their status and of those on treatment nearly half are under good control. The underestimation of the disease through history supports the WHO rule of halves and calls for the use of biochemical tests when estimating prevalence of diabetes in the general population or at least doubling the rate from history alone.

Dietary Rhus coriaria L. powder reduces the blood cholesterol, VLDL-c and glucose, but increases abdominal fat in broilers

Golzadeh,M.; Farhoomand,P.; Daneshyar,M.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
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In an experiment, 200 one-day-old broiler chickens (Ross 308) were used to investigate the effects of sumac fruit (Rhus coriaria L.) powder (SFP) on performance, plasma concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein (LDL-c), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-c) and plasma fasting blood sugar (FBS), as well as proportional abdominal fat. The chicks were divided into four treatment groups with 5 replicates and 10 birds in each. The birds were fed the basal diet (Z-SFP) or diets supplemented with 2.5 g SFP (L-SFP), 5 g SFP (M-SFP) and 10 g SFP (H-SFP) per kg diet. During the whole experimental period the H-SFP birds had a higher feed intake than the Z-SFP and L-SFP birds, though the H-SFP birds had higher feed conversion ratio compared with birds in the other treatments. No significant differences for body weight gain were recorded between the treatments. The M-SFP and H-SFP birds had lower plasma TC and VLDL-c concentrations than the Z-SFP and L-SFP birds. No significant differences between the treatments were indicated for plasma TG, HDL-c and LDL-c concentrations. Moreover the plasma FBS concentration of the H-SFP birds was lower than the birds in treatments Z-SFP and L-SFP...

An evaluation of the diagnostic utility of anthropometric and body composition cut-off values in assessing elevated fasting blood sugar and blood pressure

Nichols,SD; Crichlow,H
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
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OBJECTIVE: High blood pressure and diabetes mellitus account for over 50% of annual visits to health facilities in Trinidad and Tobago. This study investigates the ability of various absolute and relative body composition variables to predict elevated fasting blood sugar (FBS) and blood pressure (BP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants had overnight fasting finger-stick blood glucose analysed with a hand-held automated glucometer (Basic One-touch Ultra). Two blood pressure tests were taken on the right arm after ten minutes of rest in the sitting position using an automated blood pressure (Omron HEM 712C). Participation in the study was voluntary. Waist, height and weight circumferences were measured using standard procedure. Percentage body fat (%BF) was measured with a foot-to-foot bioelectric body fat analyser (Tanita UM026). RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-seven persons (90 females and 67 males) participated in the investigation. Approximately 23% of participants had BP, FBS and waist circumference levels that were above recommended cut-offs. In correlation, analyses controlling for ethnicity and age-adjusted FBS were significantly positively correlated with waist circumference, BMI, weight, fat mass and %BF. Receiver-operator curve analyses suggest that cut-offvalues based on BMI...