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Richard Wright e William “Big Bill" Broonzy : diálogos narrativas da grande migração negra americana (1930-1960)

Costa, Branca Maria Lopes de Albuquerque
Fonte: Universidade Aberta de Portugal Publicador: Universidade Aberta de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Dissertação de Mestrado em Estudos Americanos apresentada à Universidade Aberta; Resumo - A Grande Migração Negra Americana do século XX foi a maior movimentação humana interna ocorrida nos Estados Unidos. Durante décadas milhões de afro-americanos dirigiram-se para Norte em busca de melhores condições de vida, fugindo de um Sul racista e opressor que os intimidava e discriminava. A Chicago chegou a maioria desses migrantes, incluindo muitos músicos de jazz e blues, que consigo levaram uma cultura musical muito própria e um estilo de música genuinamente afro-americano. A experiência humana dessa migração atravessa a literatura, a arte e a música afro-americanas. Richard Wright na literatura e Big Bill Broonzy na música são disso exemplo. Nascidos no Mississippi, ambos participaram nessa migração em massa, um como o outro se estabeleceram na ilusória “Terra Prometida" de Chicago e um como o outro dali partiram para o Mundo. Broonzy, considerado um dos “pais" do Chicago blues, fez a ponte entre os blues rurais do Sul e os blues urbanos do Norte, abriu caminho a novas gerações de músicos e divulgou o estilo perante audiências dos Estados Unidos e da Europa. Wright foi o primeiro escritor negro americano a conseguir notável fama literária na América e na Europa e a exercer grande impacto tanto junto dos leitores negros como dos brancos com o romance Native Son e a autobiografia Black Boy. Esta dissertação aborda os percursos de vida...

Raça, classe e segregação residencial no município de São Paulo; Race, class and residential segregation in São Paulo

França, Danilo Sales do Nascimento
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta dissertação de mestrado desenvolve uma análise da segregação residencial no município de São Paulo, descrita a partir da articulação entre raça e classe social. Deste modo, realçamos as diferenças de padrões residenciais de negros e brancos pertencentes a estratos sociais semelhantes, dando ênfase à caracterização da segregação racial nas classes médias e altas de São Paulo. A partir desta descrição, revelamos a maneira pela qual a segregação se relaciona com o perfil da estratificação social e das desigualdades raciais no Brasil, refletindo as dificuldades de inserção dos negros em estratos sociais mais altos. Para tanto, defendemos a hipótese de que a distância residencial entre os negros e brancos aumenta conforme consideramos as camadas sociais médias e altas. De modo que os negros destes estratos apresentam maior concentração em bairros mais pobres e periféricos. Esta hipótese é demonstrada através de uma ampla análise quantitativa, na qual exploramos a aplicação de diversas técnicas disponíveis para mensuração e análise da segregação residencial. Nossa argumentação acerca destas questões se alicerça no campo da sociologia das relações raciais, em diálogo com a produção brasileira e norte-americana sobre segregação residencial.; In this dissertation we develop an analysis of residential segregation in the city of São Paulo based upon the articulation of race and social class. In this way one can stress the differences in residential patterns among blacks and whites belonging to similar social strata...

Dinâmicas de raça na periferia: a experiência de jovens da região de M'Boi Mirim; Dynamics of race in poor neighborhoods: the experience of young people in the region of M'Boi Mirim

Dias, Luciana de Jesus
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/01/2012 PT
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Nesta dissertação, analiso as diferentes percepções de jovens negros moradores da região periférica de Mboi Mirim acerca de sua condição racial e os modos como a articulavam com outros marcadores sociais tais como, local de moradia e condição social . A partir da revisão dos estudos sobre juventude busco situar os jovens negros na literatura sobre a juventude brasileira. Toma-se o debate acerca da vulnerabilidade social e da heterogeneidade das situações de pobreza nas periferias para caracterizar as condições sociais da região em que os jovens entrevistados estão inseridos. Verificou-se que as percepções e construções acerca da cor ganham contornos diversos ao longo das trajetórias de vida dos jovens bem como de seus trajetos urbanos que os colocam em diferentes contextos de interação.; In this dissertation I analyze different perceptions of young black inhabitants from M'Boi Mirim's poor neighborhoods about their racial condition, and the way they associate those perceptions with other social markers, such as their living and social conditions. Based on a review of studies about youth, I frame the young blacks in the literature about the brazilian youth. I took the debate about social vulnerability and heterogeneity in the context of poverty to characterize the social conditions where the young blacks are inserted. I verify that perceptions and "constructions" about color acquire not only diverse frameworks throughout the youth's life paths...

A descoberta do insólito : literatura negra e literatura periférica no Brasil (1960-2000); The discovery of unusual : black literature and peripheral literature in Brazil (1960-2000)

Mario Augusto Medeiros da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2011 PT
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Discute-se, centralmente, a produção recente de escritores auto identificados negros e periféricos, bem como seus livros, por vezes, relacionados às ideias de Literatura Negra e Periférica. Selecionaram-se, entre 1960 e 2000, Carolina Maria de Jesus (Quarto de Despejo, 1960; Casa de Alvenaria, 1961), Cadernos Negros (1978-2008), Paulo Lins (Cidade de Deus, 1997) e Ferréz (Capão Pecado, 2000). Autores e obras permitem aproximações acerca de suas trajetórias pessoais e literárias, aspectos das discussões empreendidas no sistema literário, bem como dos problemas envolvidos nas definições do que sejam Literatura Negra e Literatura Periférica. Também é possível discutir, através deles, aspectos da trajetória do ativismo político-cultural negro e periférico, analisado e, por certo tempo, muito relacionado com a própria história da Sociologia e Antropologia brasileiras. Assim, a negação de um lugar naturalizado, política e culturalmente, para o sujeito negro e periférico, através da Literatura, operou com ideias e problemas diversos, em diferentes momentos, nuclearmente questionando e propondo discussões sobre aspectos da desigualdade social no Brasil contemporâneo; It´s discussed the recent self identified black and peripherals authors production...

Health domains and race in generic preference-based health-related quality of life instruments in the United States literature

Pereira,Claudia Cristina de Aguiar; Palta,Mari; Mullahy,John
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Race differences in health have been extensively analyzed and documented in the literature, especially between African Americans or blacks and whites in the United States. Despite the vast literature in the area, the majority of studies that explore the relationship between race and health use outcomes such as self-rated health, mortality or morbidity, and disability, but very few use Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) measures and their domains or dimensions. This narrative review aims to provide a better understanding of the relationship between race and health domains that are commonly used in preference-based HRQoL measures. We investigated the literature on race, physical health, mental health, pain and discomfort, cognition, neurologic spectrum domains, dexterity, ambulation, vitality and social functioning domains. We conducted a literature search and review using the key words race and the health domain of interest, using medical and social sciences databases, such as MEDLINE/Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Google Scholar portal.The majority of the studies identified in the literature show that African Americans or blacks in the United States tend to have lower scores than whites throughout a variety of health domains found in preference-based HRQoL measures. This review also emphasizes the scarcity of studies that investigate some health domains...

Black Contributions to the Early History of Western Medicine: Lack of Recognition as a Cause of Black Under-Representation in US Medical Schools

Newsome, Frederick
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1979 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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During several millenia, blacks in ancient Egypt made numerous contributions to medicine and were acknowledged as the inventors of the art of medicine. They produced the earliest physicians, medical knowledge, and medical literature. They contributed to the development of medicine in ancient Greece. Ancient writers, including Herodotus, Isocrates, and Diodorus, affirm this. Modern presentations of ancient medicine, however, deprive blacks of the knowledge of their early contributions to medicine by ignoring or subtly misrepresenting the black identity of the ancient Egyptians. Blacks are currently under-represented in US medical schools. It is proposed that the recognition of the contributions of blacks to the early history of Western medicine would inspire black students to study medicine.

Black youth suicide: literature review with a focus on prevention.

Baker, F. M.
Fonte: National Medical Association Publicador: National Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1990 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The national rates of completed suicide in the black population between 1950 and 1981 are presented, including age-adjusted rates. Specific studies of black suicide attempters and completed suicides by blacks in several cities are discussed. Methodological problems with existing studies and national suicide statistics are presented. Proposed theories of black suicide are reviewed. Based on a summary of the characteristics of black suicide attempters reported by the literature, preventive strategies--primary, secondary, and tertiary--are presented.

Stress, coping, and depression: testing new hypotheses in a prospectively studied general population sample of U.S. born Whites and Blacks

Keyes, K.M.; Barnes, D.; Bates, L.M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The scarcity of empirically supported explanations for the Black/White prevalence difference in depression in the U.S. is a conspicuous gap in the literature. Recent evidence suggests that the paradoxical observation of decreased risk of depression but elevated rates of physical illness among Blacks in the U.S. compared with Whites may be accounted for by the use of coping behaviors (e.g., alcohol and nicotine consumption, overeating) among Blacks exposed to high stress levels. Such coping behaviors may mitigate deleterious effects of stressful exposures on mental health while increasing the risk of physical ailments. The racial patterning in mental and physical health outcomes could therefore be explained by this mechanism if a) these behaviors were more prevalent among Blacks than Whites and/or b) the effect of these behavioral responses to stress was differential by race. The present study challenges this hypothesis using longitudinal, nationally-representative data with comprehensive DSM-IV diagnoses. Data are drawn from 34,653 individuals sampled in Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) as part of the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Results showed that a) Blacks were less likely to engage in alcohol or nicotine consumption at low...

Structural racism and myocardial infarction in the United States

Lukachko, Alicia; Hatzenbuehler, Mark L.; Keyes, Katherine M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.85%
There is a growing research literature suggesting that racism is an important risk factor undermining the health of Blacks in the United States. Racism can take many forms, ranging from interpersonal interactions to institutional/structural conditions and practices. Existing research, however, tends to focus on individual forms of racial discrimination using self-report measures. Far less attention has been paid to whether structural racism may disadvantage the health of Blacks in the United States. The current study addresses gaps in the existing research by using novel measures of structural racism and by explicitly testing the hypothesis that structural racism is a risk factor for myocardial infarction among Blacks in the United States. State-level indicators of structural racism included four domains: (1) political participation; (2) employment and job status; (3) educational attainment; and (4) judicial treatment. State-level racial disparities across these domains were proposed to represent the systematic exclusion of Blacks from resources and mobility in society. Data on past-year myocardial infarction were obtained from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (non-Hispanic Black: N = 8245; non-Hispanic White: N = 24...

Race, Immigration, and the U.S. Labor Market : Contrasting the Outcomes of Foreign Born and Native Blacks

de Walque, Damien
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
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It is generally expected that immigrants do not fare as well as the native-born in the U.S. labor market. The literature also documents that Blacks experience lower labor market outcomes than Whites. This paper innovates by studying the interaction between race and immigration. The study compares the labor market outcomes of four racial groups in the United States (Whites, Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics) interacted with their foreign born status, using the Integrated Public Use Micro Data Series data for the 2000 Census. Among women and for labor market outcomes such as labor force participation, employment, and personal income, the foreign born are doing worse than the native born from the same racial background, with the exception of Blacks. Among men, for labor force participation and employment, foreign-born Blacks are doing better than native Blacks. The paper tests different possible explanations for this "reversal" of the advantage of natives over immigrants among Blacks. It considers citizenship...

Intra-racial relations among blacks in the United States: dissimilarities, partnerships, and common identities

Barnett, Michael Antonio
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In the wake of a steadily increasing diversity in ethnicity among Blacks in the United States, efforts need to be made to analyze and understand the dynamics of the relations among the various Black ethnic groups in the United States. This thesis explores the present state of relations among these groups by utilizing an extensive literature review on the topic in conjunction with in-depth interviews. What is of particular interest here are the differing and similar intergroup perspectives on self-identity, as well as any cultural similarities and dissimilarities that exist. We find that the cultural dissimilarities create barriers to harmonious relations among the groups, while particular ideologies such as Pan-Africanism and Black nationalism provide the basis for strong unified fronts and partnerships for those who embrace them.

The Negro in English literature : a critical introduction

McCullough, Norman Verrle
Fonte: A. H. Stockwell; A. H. Stockwell Publicador: A. H. Stockwell; A. H. Stockwell
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //1962
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.68%
(Issuing Body) H.D. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies (University of Illinois at Chicago); (Bibliography) Includes bibliography.; (Internal Comments) Selected images from this book have been digitized as part of the University of Illinois Chicago’s Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies, with the images and annotated notes on the editions serving as a resource for those studying bibliographic history and Caribbean Literature. In most cases, these works are restricted by copyright and so the full volumes are not digitized. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Literature (University of Illinois at Chicago)

Guiana boy

Lauchmonen
Fonte: New Literature; New Literature Publicador: New Literature; New Literature
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //1960
Relevância na Pesquisa
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(Issuing Body) H.D. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies (University of Illinois at Chicago); (Internal Comments) Carberry Curator Notes: Roman-a-clef of a boy growing up in Guyana.; (Internal Comments) Selected images from this book have been digitized as part of the University of Illinois Chicago’s Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies, with the images and annotated notes on the editions serving as a resource for those studying bibliographic history and Caribbean Literature. In most cases, these works are restricted by copyright and so the full volumes are not digitized. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Literature (University of Illinois at Chicago); Kempadoo, Rosemary (jacket design and illustration)

El estereotipo del negro en la literatura tradicional oral portuguesa

Peixoto, Antonio Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de Alcalá Publicador: Universidade de Alcalá
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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En este artículo intentaré construir un esbozo de las características del estereotipo del negro en la literatura oral y tradicional de Portugal, en diferentes momentos históricos. Se examinarán la importancia de los caracteres morfológicos como características distintivas y algunos trazos psicosociales asociados al carácter de lo negro.; In this article I will seek to build an outline of the stereotype of the black in various forms of Portuguese traditional and oral literature, in various historical moments. It will examine both the importance of body aspect as distinctive feature and also some psychosocial traits associated with the character of the black.

'Black Atlantic' cultural politics as reflected in Panamanian literature

Watson, Sonja Stephenson
Fonte: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee ( Knoxville ) Publicador: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee ( Knoxville )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: viii, 247 leaves.
Publicado em //2005 ENGLISH
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Includes bibliographical referencees (leaves 223-246).; (Citation/Reference) Watson, Sonja Stephenson, "'Black Atlantic' Cultural Politics as Reflected in Panamanian Literature. " PhD diss., University of Tennessee, 2005. http://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_graddiss/2320

A reader's guide to West Indian and Black British literature

Dabydeen, David
Fonte: Hansib ; Rutherford Publication; Hansib ; Rutherford Publication Publicador: Hansib ; Rutherford Publication; Hansib ; Rutherford Publication
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //1988
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
(Citation/Reference) Series: A Hansib educational book; Wilson-Tagoe, Nana.; (Issuing Body) H.D. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies (University of Illinois at Chicago); H.D. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies.; (Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references (p. 177-178) and index.; (Internal Comments) Carberry Curator Notes: Guyanese scholar David Dabydeen and Ghanaian academic Nana Wilson-Tagoe specifically prepared A Reader's Guide to West Indian and Black British Literature to support Britain's GCSE, or General Certificate of Secondary Education, curriculum. The text is comprised of two parts. Part One is concerned with West Indian literature, giving both an introduction of the genre-designation as well as brief explanations of popular themes. Noted themes include "Anti-imperialism and Nationalism," "The Treatment of Race," "The Theme of Childhood," "The Treatment of Women/Women Characters," and "Post-independence Critiques," among others. Following the explanation of themes, the authors offer short annotated bibliographies of well-known works concerned with each theme. Part Two follows the same structure, focusing instead on Black British literature. Following the Introduction section, the second section discusses British literature on Blacks...

Race, Social Context, and Consumption: How Race Structures the Consumption Preferences and Practices of Middle and Working-Class Blacks

Pittman, Cassi
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The contemporary experience of race in America demands that blacks become astute observers of their surroundings, required to read subtle social, interactional and environmental cues to determine how to appropriately engage others in order to gain respect and social acceptance. Consumption objects, whether physical or material goods or services and experiences, are symbolic tools that blacks mobilize in order to define and assert themselves wherever they may be. Market research reveals that divergent patterns of consumption exist along racial lines. Blacks outspend whites in three central categories: apparel, personal care, and electronics and technology. Sociological research on consumption, however, has inadequately addressed how race influences blacks' consumption. Claims that blacks are conspicuous consumers are pervasive in both popular and academic works, and research indicates that blacks' consumption is, at least partially explained by status considerations, yet no comprehensive, empirically grounded theory exists to account for the contextually determined, symbolic and strategic use of goods by middle and working-class blacks. In my dissertation entitled “Race, Social Context, and Consumption: How Race Structures the Consumption Preferences and Practices of Middle and Working-class Blacks...

Imagens do negro na literatura infantil brasileira: análise historiográfica; Images of the Black in children's literature in Brazil: historiographical analysis

Gouvêa, Maria Cristina Soares de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.64%
O artigo analisa as representações sociais sobre o negro presentes na produção literária destinada à criança no Brasil, nas três primeiras décadas do século XX. A definição de tal periodização tem em vista a emergência, a partir da década de 1920, na produção artística e científica nacionais, da discussão em torno da identidade brasileira. Destaca-se a construção de referências estéticas e científicas voltadas para compreensão dos significados da composição racial da população, temática que ecoa nas obras endereçadas ao público infantil. Se nas obras produzidas até a década de 1920 os personagens negros eram ausentes ou remetidos ao recente passado escravocrata, observa-se um deslocamento: os personagens negros tornam-se freqüentes, descritos de maneira a caracterizar uma suposta integração racial, hierarquicamente definida. Mediante a descrição das características físicas e cognitivas dos personagens negros, de sua relação com os personagens brancos, sua inserção no espaço social, configura-se uma visão da temática racial endereçada ao público infantil. Os negros aparecem como personagens estereotipados, descritos a partir de referências culturais marcadamente etnocêntricas que...

Literatura e consciência;

Ianni, Octavio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1988 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.8%
A produção literária brasileira sobre o negro já permite falar de uma literatura negra. Um segmento que se descola e autonomiza, se vemos a literatura brasileira em perspectiva ampla. Forma-se um sistema de obras, autores e leitores, articulados em torno de uma problemática, um imaginário povoado de construções, imagens, figuras, ressoando o drama e a épica do negro brasileiro. Em termos humanos, sociais e culturais, o negro se constitui em um núcleo bastante nítido, marcante, da produção literária.; The brazilian literary production about the Blacks permits us alresdy to speak of a black literature.  If we look at the brazilian literature on a general view of the whole, we will see that a section is detached and turning independent. It forms a system of works, authors and readers, articulated round a serie of problems, a imaginated populated by constructions, images, figures, reverberating the drama and the epos of brazilian epos of the brazilian Blacks. In human, social and cultural terms, the negro constitutes a nucleous sufficiently distinctive, remarkable of the literary production.

Advantages of immigrants and disadvantages of Afro-Brazilians: employment, property, family structure and literacy after abolition in western São Paulo state

Monsma,Karl
Fonte: Dados Publicador: Dados
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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Based on data from a municipal census in 1907, this study compared the situations of Blacks, White Brazilians, and various immigrant groups in early 20th century Western São Paulo. Contrary to assertions in the literature, many Black families were small coffee farmers, and Blacks competed with Europeans in various other manual occupations. Meanwhile, Blacks were almost completely absent from the elites, and literacy rates were extremely low among Blacks, including in the new generation, born after Abolition. The study analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of these various groups, thereby contributing to new hypotheses on the consequences of large-scale European immigration for the Black population.