Página 1 dos resultados de 84 itens digitais encontrados em 0.000 segundos

Estudo da aplicação de biossorventes no tratamento de rejeitos radioativos líquidos contendo Amerício-241.; A study on application of biosorbents for treatment of radioactive liquid waste containing americium-241

Borba, Tania Regina de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.57%
O uso da energia nuclear para as mais diversas finalidades tem se intensificado e destacado pelos benefícios que proporciona. A medicina diagnóstica e terapêutica, a agricultura, a indústria, a geração de energia elétrica, são alguns exemplos. Entretanto, o uso da energia nuclear gera rejeitos radioativos e estes requerem tratamento adequado para garantir a segurança ambiental e dos seres vivos. A biossorção e bioacumulação representam uma alternativa emergente, para o tratamento de rejeitos radioativos líquidos, proporcionando redução de volume e mudança de estado físico. Este trabalho teve como objetivos estudar biossorventes para promover o tratamento de rejeitos líquidos contendo Amerício-241, proporcionando redução de volume e mudando seu estado físico para sólido. Os biossorventes avaliados foram: Saccharomyces cerevisiae imobilizadas em alginato de cálcio, Saccharomyces cerevisiae livres e inativadas, alginato de cálcio, Bacillus subtilis, Cupriavidus metallidurans e Ochrobactrum anthropi. Os resultados foram bastante satisfatórios, chegando a 100 % em alguns casos. Esta técnica parece viável para a implantação no Laboratório de Rejeitos Radioativos do IPEN - CNEN/SP a curto prazo, por ser simples e de baixo custo.; The use of nuclear energy for many different purposes has been intensified and highlighted by the benefits that it provides. Medical diagnosis and therapy...

Remoção de corantes têxteis utilizando casca de semente de araucaria augustifolia como biossorvente

Royer, Betina
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.77%
A casca de pinhão brasileiro (Araucária angustifolia) é um resíduo alimentar, que foi usado como um biossorvente para a remoção do corante Vermelho Reativo 194 não hidrolisado (NRR) e do corante Vermelho Reativo 194 hidrolisado (HRR) em soluções aquosas. A casca de pinhão (PW) tratada quimicamente com cromo (Cr- PW), com ácido (A-PW), e com ácido e cromo (Cr-A-PW) foram testados como alternativa de biossorventes para remover NRR e HRR de efluentes hídricos. Foi observado que o tratamento do pinhão brasileiro com o cromo (Cr-PW e Cr-A-PW) ajudou a aumentar notavelmente a área de superfície específica e o tamanho do volume dos poros deste biossorvente quando comparado com a casca de pinhão não modificada. Foram estudados os efeitos do tempo de agitação, da dosagem de biosorvente e de pH na capacidade de biossorção. Na faixa de pH ácido (pH=2) a biossorção de NRR e HRR foi favorável. O tempo de contato requerido para atingir o equilíbrio foi de 24 horas a uma temperatura de 25ºC. Os dados do equilíbrio foram analisados segundo os modelos de isoterma de Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips e Redlich-Peterson. Para o corante reativo NRR os dados do equilíbrio foram ajustados ao modelo de isoterma de Sips usando PW e APW como biosorventes...

Adsorção de corantes têxteis utilizando biossorventes alternativos

Cardoso, Natali Farias
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.9%
Os efluentes têxteis, quando lançados nos corpos hídricos, reduzem a penetração da luz solar prejudicando os processos de fotossíntese. Além disso, os corantes têm sido apontados como substâncias potencialmente tóxicas. Em geral, os processos de remoção estão fundamentados em sistemas físicoquímicos seguidos de tratamento biológico. O processo de adsorção, além de apresentar alta eficiência de remoção, ainda apresenta como vantagem a facilidade de operação e a possibilidade de utilização de adsorventes de baixo custo. Neste trabalho foram utilizados quatro novos adsorventes alternativos para remoção dos corantes têxteis presentes em soluções aquosas ou efluentes sintéticos. O estudo foi segmentado em três etapas de trabalho. Para a remoção dos corantes RR-194 e DB-53, RB-5 e RO-16 de soluções aquosas, foram testados como adsorventes os seguintes materiais: casca de cupuaçu (CS), talo do açaí (AS) e talo do açaí acidificado (AAS), respectivamente. Para a remoção do corante RR- 120 do efluente sintético, foi avaliada a capacidade adsorvente da microalga verde azulada S. platensis (SP). Com o intuito de comparar a eficiência de remoção da microalga, os testes também foram realizados com carvão ativo comercial. A dessorção do corante RR-120 e a reutilização da microalga foi analisada. Os biossorventes foram caracterizados por espectroscopia FTIR...

Oxidation catalysts prepared from biosorbents supported on zeolites

Figueiredo, Hugo; Neves, Isabel C.; Quintelas, C.; Tavares, M. T.; Taralunga, M.; Mijoin, J.; Magnoux, P.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
The catalytic oxidation of 1,2-dichlorobenzene was investigated over NaYand NaX zeolites, loaded with chromiumthrough the action of a robust biosorption system consisting of a bacterial biofilm supported on the zeolites. The results of biosorption showed that the maximum metal removal efficiencywas 20%, in both systems based on NaYorNaX, starting fromsolutions with chromium(VI) concentrations ranging from 50 to 250 mgCr/L. The bacterial biofilm, Arthrobacter viscosus, supported on the zeolite reduces Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The Cr(III) is retained in the zeolite by ion exchange. The new catalysts were characterized by spectroscopic methods (FTIR ), chemical analyses (ICP-AES), surface analysis (XRD) and thermal analysis (TGA). The various techniques of characterization show that this biosorption process does not modify the morphology and structure of the FAUzeolites. These catalysts,Cr/FAU, prepared through this newprocedure present good activity and selectivity for dichlorobenzene oxidation in wet air at 350 ºC. The Cr50-Y was selected as the most active, selective and stable catalyst for oxidation of 1,2-dichlorobenzene in wet air.; Departamento de Ciências da Terra of Universidade do Minho; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) ; Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Energie (ADEME); Région Poitou-Charentes.

Encapsulated pyridazine Cr(III) complexes prepared from biosorbents supported in zeolites

Figueiredo, Hugo; Raposo, M. Manuela M.; Fonseca, A. Maurício C.; Neves, Isabel C.; Quintelas, C.; Tavares, M. T.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 23/08/2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT); FEDER.

Immobilization of Fe(III) complexes of pyridazine derivatives prepared from biosorbents supported on zeolites

Figueiredo, Hugo; Silva, Bruna Andreia Nogueira Airosa; Raposo, M. Manuela M.; Fonseca, António Manuel; Neves, Isabel C.; Quintelas, C.; Tavares, M. T.
Fonte: Elsevier Inc. Publicador: Elsevier Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Immobilization of Fe(III) complexes of pyridazine derivatives was achieved in NaY zeolite, loaded with iron through the action of a robust biosorption mediator consisting of a bacterial biofilm, Arthrobacter viscosus, supported on the zeolite. The objective of this study is the preparation and characterization of new catalytic materials to be used in oxidation reactions under mild conditions. The biosorption of Fe(III) ions was performed starting from aqueous solutions with low concentrations of iron and the highest values of biosorption efficiency for Fe(III) were reached at the beginning of the contact period with the sorbents. The Fe(III) biosorption process was compared with the one of Cr(III) under the same experimental conditions, as this latter case has been well characterized. The sample used in the immobilization of Fe(III) complexes of pyridazine derivatives was prepared from an aqueous solution of 100.0 mgFe/L, without the competing effect of other metals. Fe(III) is retained in the zeolite by ion exchange and coordination with two different pyridazine derivative ligands, 3-ethoxy-6-chloropyridazine (A) and 3-piperidino-6-chloropyridazine (B). The resulting materials were fully characterized by different spectroscopic methods (EPR...

Immobilization of chromium complexes in zeolite Y obtained from biosorbents : synthesis, characterization and catalytic behaviour

Figueiredo, Hugo; Silva, Bruna Andreia Nogueira Airosa; Quintelas, C.; Raposo, M. Manuela M.; Parpot, Pier; Fonseca, A. Maurício C.; Lewandowska, A. E.; Bañares, M. A.; Neves, Isabel C.; Tavares, M. T.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
The goal of this study is the preparation of new heterogeneous catalytic materials to be used in oxidation reactions under mild conditions through the valuation of heavy metals in wastewater. The samples used in the immobilization of chromium complexes were prepared from a dichromate solution of 100 mgCr L−1. The zeolite CrNaY was prepared from a robust biosorption system consisting of a bacterial biofilm, Arthrobacter viscosus, supported on zeolite NaY. The biofilm performs the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and this cation is retained in the zeolite by ion exchange. The immobilization of chromium complexes with heterocyclic ligands in the supercages of Y zeolite was performed by the in situ synthesis with three different ligands, 3-methoxy-6-chloropyridazine (A), 3-piperidino-6-chloropyridazine (B) and 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (C). A sample loaded with Cr from a liquid solution with the same initial concentration was prepared as a reference through the traditional direct ion-exchange method and coordinated with ligand (A). The resulting catalysts were fully characterized by different techniques (FTIR, XRD, TGA, SEM, Raman, cyclic voltammetric studies and chemical analysis) and the results confirmed that the Cr complexes were immobilized in supercages of NaY. Catalytic studies were performed in liquid phase for the cyclohexene oxidation...

Chromium(III) biosorption onto spent grains residual from brewing industry : equilibrium, kinetics and column studies

Ferraz, A. I.; Amorim, C.; Tavares, T.; Teixeira, J. A.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
The use of industrial wastes for wastewater treatment as a strategy to their re-use and valorisation may provide important advances toward sustainability. The present work gives new insights into heavy metal biosorption onto low-cost biosorbents, studying chromium(III) biosorption onto spent grains residual from a Portuguese brewing industry both in batch and expanded bed column systems. Experimental studies involved unmodified spent grains and spent grains treated with NaOH. Metal uptake followed a rapid initial step, well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model up to 27 h, indicating chemisorption to be the rate-limiting step. Beyond this period intraparticle diffusion assumed an important role in the uptake global kinetics. The best fit for equilibrium data was obtained using the Langmuir model, with unmodified spent grains having the higher maximum uptake capacity (q max = 16.7 mg g1). In open system studies, using expanded bed columns, the best performance was also achieved with unmodified spent grains: Breakthrough time (C/C i = 0.25) and total saturation time (C/C i = 0.99) occurred after 58 and 199 h of operation, corresponding to the accumulation of 390 mg of chromium(III), 43.3 % of the total amount entering the column. These results suggest that alkali treatment does not improve spent grains uptake performance. Changes in biomass composition determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy suggested hydroxyl groups and proteins to have an important role in chromium(III) biosorption. This study points out that unmodified spent grains can be successfully used as low-cost biosorbent for trivalent chromium.

Production of biosorbents from waste olive cake and its adsorption characteristics for Zn2+ Ion

Fernando, Ana; Monteiro, Sofia; Pinto, Filomena; Mendes, Benilde
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
In this study, waste olive cake (OC) was utilized as the raw material for the production of biosorbents by chemical treatment and its adsorption capacity for zinc ion was evaluated. Tests were conducted with the total biomass (T) and with the fraction > 2.00 mm (P), in order to determinate the influence of this fractionation step on subsequent treatments. Two chemical agents were used: sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide. The parameters studied include physical and chemical properties of materials, contact time, pH, adsorbent dose and initial concentrations. The kinetic data were best fitted to the pseudo-second order model. Zinc binding is strongly pH dependent, with more zinc ions bound at a higher pH (5-7 in a range of 3-7). Both Langmuir and Freundlich models are well suited to fit the data on sorption of zinc by OC. Data on sorption of zinc by waste olive cake treated with sulfuric acid (OC-H) was better described by the Freundlich model. Zinc sorption by waste olive cake treated with sodium hydroxide (OC-OH) was better described by the Langmuir model. Results show OC-OH is a biosorbent with a superior adsorption capacity for zinc than OC-H. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained from the Langmuir isotherms increases in the order (mg/g): OC-HT (14)...

Platinum uptake from chloride solutions using biosorbents

Morcali,Mehmet Hakan; Zeytuncu,Bihter; Yucel,Onuralp
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Present work investigates platinum uptake from synthetically prepared, dilute platinum-bearing solutions using biomass residues, i.e. pistachio nut shell and rice husk, which are abundant in Turkey, and provides a comparison between these two biosorbents. Effects of the different uptake parameters, sorbent dosage, contact time, temperature and pH of solution on platinum uptake (%) were studied in detail on a batch sorption. Before the pistachio nut shell was activated, platinum uptake (%) was poor compared to the rice husk. However, after the pistachio nut shell was activated at 1000 °C under an argon atmosphere, the platinum uptake (%) increased two-fold. The pistachio nut shell (original and activated) and rice husk were shown to be better than commercially available activated carbon in terms of adsorption capacity. These two sorbents have also been characterized by FTIR and SEM. Adsorption equilibrium data best complied with the Langmuir isotherm model. Maximum adsorption capacities, Qmax, at 25 °C were found to be 38.31 and 42.02 mg.g- 1for the activated pistachio nut shell and rice husk, respectively. Thermodynamic calculations using the measured ∆H°, ∆S° and ∆G° values indicate that the uptake process was spontaneous and endothermic. The experimental data were shown to be fit the pseudo-second-order kinetic model.

Development of Bacterium-Based Heavy Metal Biosorbents: Enhanced Uptake of Cadmium and Mercury by Escherichia coli Expressing a Metal Binding Motif

Pazirandeh, Mehran; Wells, Bridget M.; Ryan, Rebecca L.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
A gene coding for a de novo peptide sequence containing a metal binding motif was chemically synthesized and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion with the maltose binding protein. Bacterial cells expressing the metal binding peptide fusion demonstrated enhanced binding of Cd2+ and Hg2+ compared to bacterial cells lacking the metal binding peptide. The potential use of genetically engineered bacteria as biosorbents for the removal of heavy metals from wastewaters is discussed.

Computational Identification and Analysis of the Key Biosorbent Characteristics for the Biosorption Process of Reactive Black 5 onto Fungal Biomass

Yang, Yu-Yi; Li, Ze-Li; Wang, Guan; Zhao, Xiao-Ping; Crowley, David E.; Zhao, Yu-Hua
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.07%
The performances of nine biosorbents derived from dead fungal biomass were investigated for their ability to remove Reactive Black 5 from aqueous solution. The biosorption data for removal of Reactive Black 5 were readily modeled using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Kinetic analysis based on both pseudo-second-order and Weber-Morris models indicated intraparticle diffusion was the rate limiting step for biosorption of Reactive Black 5 on to the biosorbents. Sorption capacities of the biosorbents were not correlated with the initial biosorption rates. Sensitivity analysis of the factors affecting biosorption examined by an artificial neural network model showed that pH was the most important parameter, explaining 22%, followed by nitrogen content of biosorbents (16%), initial dye concentration (15%) and carbon content of biosorbents (10%). The biosorption capacities were not proportional to surface areas of the sorbents, but were instead influenced by their chemical element composition. The main functional groups contributing to dye sorption were amine, carboxylic, and alcohol moieties. The data further suggest that differences in carbon and nitrogen contents of biosorbents may be used as a selection index for identifying effective biosorbents from dead fungal biomass.

Modification of Chitin with Kraft Lignin and Development of New Biosorbents for Removal of Cadmium(II) and Nickel(II) Ions

Wysokowski, Marcin; Klapiszewski, Łukasz; Moszyński, Dariusz; Bartczak, Przemysław; Szatkowski, Tomasz; Majchrzak, Izabela; Siwińska-Stefańska, Katarzyna; Bazhenov, Vasilii V.; Jesionowski, Teofil
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Novel, functional materials based on chitin of marine origin and lignin were prepared. The synthesized materials were subjected to physicochemical, dispersive-morphological and electrokinetic analysis. The results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method of synthesis of functional chitin/lignin materials. Mechanism of chitin modification by lignin is based on formation of hydrogen bonds between chitin and lignin. Additionally, the chitin/lignin materials were studied from the perspective of waste water treatment. The synthetic method presented in this work shows an attractive and facile route for producing low-cost chitin/lignin biosorbents with high efficiency of nickel and cadmium adsorption (88.0% and 98.4%, respectively). The discovery of this facile method of synthesis of functional chitin/lignin materials will also have a significant impact on the problematic issue of the utilization of chitinous waste from the seafood industry, as well as lignin by-products from the pulp and paper industry.

Bioremediation of a Complex Industrial Effluent by Biosorbents Derived from Freshwater Macroalgae

Kidgell, Joel T.; de Nys, Rocky; Hu, Yi; Paul, Nicholas A.; Roberts, David A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.07%
Biosorption with macroalgae is a promising technology for the bioremediation of industrial effluents. However, the vast majority of research has been conducted on simple mock effluents with little data available on the performance of biosorbents in complex effluents. Here we evaluate the efficacy of dried biomass, biochar, and Fe-treated biomass and biochar to remediate 21 elements from a real-world industrial effluent from a coal-fired power station. The biosorbents were produced from the freshwater macroalga Oedogonium sp. (Chlorophyta) that is native to the industrial site from which the effluent was sourced, and which has been intensively cultivated to provide a feed stock for biosorbents. The effect of pH and exposure time on sorption was also assessed. These biosorbents showed specificity for different suites of elements, primarily differentiated by ionic charge. Overall, biochar and Fe-biochar were more successful biosorbents than their biomass counterparts. Fe-biochar adsorbed metalloids (As, Mo, and Se) at rates independent of effluent pH, while untreated biochar removed metals (Al, Cd, Ni and Zn) at rates dependent on pH. This study demonstrates that the biomass of Oedogonium is an effective substrate for the production of biosorbents to remediate both metals and metalloids from a complex industrial effluent.

Assessment of Food Processing and Pharmaceutical Industrial Wastes as Potential Biosorbents: A Review

El-Sayed, Hanan E. M.; El-Sayed, Mayyada M. H.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28%
There is a growing need for the use of low-cost and ecofriendly adsorbents in water/wastewater treatment applications. Conventional adsorbents as well as biosorbents from different natural and agricultural sources have been extensively studied and reviewed. However, there is a lack of reviews on biosorption utilizing industrial wastes, particularly those of food processing and pharmaceuticals. The current review evaluates the potential of these wastes as biosorbents for the removal of some hazardous contaminants. Sources and applications of these biosorbents are presented, while factors affecting biosorption are discussed. Equilibrium, kinetics, and mechanisms of biosorption are also reviewed. In spite of the wide spread application of these biosorbents in the treatment of heavy metals and dyes, more research is required on other classes of pollutants. In addition, further work should be dedicated to studying scaling up of the process and its economic feasibility. More attention should also be given to enhancing mechanical strength, stability, life time, and reproducibility of the biosorbent. Environmental concerns regarding disposal of consumed biosorbents should be addressed by offering feasible biosorbent regeneration or pollutant immobilization options.

The Sequential Application of Macroalgal Biosorbents for the Bioremediation of a Complex Industrial Effluent

Kidgell, Joel T.; de Nys, Rocky; Paul, Nicholas A.; Roberts, David A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.77%
Fe-treated biochar and raw biochar produced from macroalgae are effective biosorbents of metalloids and metals, respectively. However, the treatment of complex effluents that contain both metalloid and metal contaminants presents a challenging scenario. We test a multiple-biosorbent approach to bioremediation using Fe-biochar and biochar to remediate both metalloids and metals from the effluent from a coal-fired power station. First, a model was derived from published data for this effluent to predict the biosorption of 21 elements by Fe-biochar and biochar. The modelled outputs were then used to design biosorption experiments using Fe-biochar and biochar, both simultaneously and in sequence, to treat effluent containing multiple contaminants in excess of water quality criteria. The waste water was produced during ash disposal at an Australian coal-fired power station. The application of Fe-biochar and biochar, either simultaneously or sequentially, resulted in a more comprehensive remediation of metalloids and metals compared to either biosorbent used individually. The most effective treatment was the sequential use of Fe-biochar to remove metalloids from the waste water, followed by biochar to remove metals. Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni...

Desempenho e conformidade de biossorventes produzidos a partir de resíduos florestais e sua aplicação no tratamento de cromo de efluente industrial de galvanoplastia

Santos, Fernanda Abreu dos
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
PORTUGUêS
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.77%
A remoção de cromo de efluentes geralmente é feita através da precipitação química. Embora seja relativamente simples e econômico, esse processo gera grande volume de lodo, e em alguns casos, é necessária a aplicação de um polimento final do efluente para atingir os limites de emissão. No processo de tratamento por adsorção, para a remoção de metais, convencionalmente é utilizado o carvão ativado, entretanto é de alto custo e pode inviabilizar seu uso. Desta forma, o objetivo principal deste trabalho é desenvolver um método apropriado para uso dos resíduos florestais oriundos da araucária, pinus e eucalipto como biossorventes de cromo de efluente industrial de galvanoplastia. Os biossorventes usados nos testes foram preparados e caracterizados sob forma de pó não lavado, pó submetido à lavagem e seus extratos aquosos. As concentrações de Cr(VI) e Cr(III), bem como parâmetros de conformidade, foram analisados antes e após o tratamento. Os testes de biossorção foram realizados em batelada, fluxo contínuo e sistema misto (batelada seguido de fluxo contínuo), com soluções diluídas contendo Cr(VI) e Cr(III) e também com o efluente industrial. Também foi estudada a destinação final do cromo adsorvido nos sólidos. Os resultados apontam que o método de biossorção...

Enhanced Removal of Lead by Chemically and Biologically Treated Carbonaceous Materials

Mahmoud, Mohamed E.; Osman, Maher M.; Ahmed, Somia B.; Abdel-Fattah, Tarek M.
Fonte: The Scientific World Journal Publicador: The Scientific World Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.77%
Hybrid sorbents and biosorbents were synthesized via chemical and biological treatment of active carbon by simple and direct redox reaction followed by surface loading of baker's yeast. Surface functionality and morphology of chemically and biologically modified sorbents and biosorbents were studied by Fourier Transform Infrared analysis and scanning electron microscope imaging. Hybrid carbonaceous sorbents and biosorbents were characterized by excellent efficiency and superiority toward lead(II) sorption compared to blank active carbon providing a maximum sorption capacity of lead(II) ion as 500 μmol g−1. Sorption processes of lead(II) by these hybrid materials were investigated under the influence of several controlling parameters such as pH, contact time, mass of sorbent and biosorbent, lead(II) concentration, and foreign ions. Lead(II) sorption mechanisms were found to obey the Langmuir and BET isotherm models. The potential applications of chemically and biologically modified-active carbonaceous materials for removal and extraction of lead from real water matrices were also studied via a double-stage microcolumn technique. The results of this study were found to denote to superior recovery values of lead (95.0–99.0 ± 3.0–5.0%) by various carbonaceous-modified-bakers yeast biosorbents.

Pharmaceuticals sorption behaviour in granulated cork for the selection of a support matrix for a constructed wetlands system

Dordio, Ana; Gonçalves, Patrícia; Candeias, António; Castanheiro, José; Teixeira, Dora; Pinto, Ana Paula; Carvalho, Alfredo
Fonte: Taylor&Francis Publicador: Taylor&Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Biosorbents have been recently gaining importance, with an increasing number of publications on their environmental applications, especially for removal of organic pollutants from aqueous media. The aim of this work was to evaluate the sorption capacity of a biosorbent, namely granulated cork, to remove mixtures of ibuprofen (IB), carbamazepine (CB) and clofibric acid (CA) from water and wastewater. High removal efficiencies were attained for IB and CB while a less satisfactory performance was observed for CA. Simultaneous removal of the three compounds mixed in the same aqueous solution showed no significant differences in comparison to the removal of the isolated compounds in separate solutions, which indicates that no competitive sorption effects occurred at the highest concentrations tested. On the other hand, in wastewater medium the mixture of pharmaceuticals underwent a decrease in the sorbed amounts of all the three substances, probably due to the presence of dissolved organic matter which increases their solubilities. These compounds were removed in the following order of efficiencies in all the tested conditions: IB4CB4CA. The sorption kinetics were characterised by an initial fast step within the first 6 h, during which most of the removed pharmaceuticals amounts were sorbed. After the first 6 h...

Biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions using keratin biomaterials

Zhang, Helan
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.32%
La biosorció és una tècnica eficaç per a l'eliminació de metalls pesants de les aigües residuals resultants de l'activitat humana, principalment de les activitats industrials actuals. Els biomaterials provinents de residus es consideren alternatives ideals com a nous biosorbentes donada la baixa relació del seu cost amb la seva eficàcia i alta capacitat d'adsorció per a metalls pesants. Una àmplia gamma de biomaterials de baix cost provinents de residus, alguns dels quals provenen de processos d'operacions industrials a gran escala, s'han emprat amb èxit com a biosorbents aplicats a l'eliminació de metalls pesants, principalment d'aigües residuals. Com a tipus abundant de recurs biològic, els biomaterials amb base de queratina s'investiguen actualment per a aquest propòsit. Aquests biomaterials mostren una alta capacitat de biosorció de metalls pesants a causa del seu alt contingut en grups funcionals carboxil, hidroxil, amino, així com grups que contenen sofre. Aquesta tesi té a veure amb l'ús de biomaterials de queratina, especialment cabell humà, pèl de gos, plomes de pollastre i llana desgreixada, com a materials biosorbents emprats per a l'eliminació de metalls pesants de solucions aquoses. En primer lloc...