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O relacionamento entre estratégia de manufatura, práticas de produção e desempenho operacional e de negócio: uma survey em firmas do setor moveleiro; The relationship among manufacturing strategy, operation practices and business and operational performance: a survey on furniture companies

Silva, Eliciane Maria da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/10/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
Estudos da área de melhores práticas de produção têm revelado que a implementação de práticas idênticas em firmas diferentes pode conduzir a níveis de desempenhos distintos. É sugerida, pela literatura consultada, uma discussão mais apropriada das melhores práticas para contextos específicos. O objetivo principal desta pesquisa é avaliar o relacionamento entre práticas (ou programas de ação) implantadas e a estratégia de produção e, também, analisar os efeitos das práticas sobre a melhoria de indicadores de desempenho operacional e de negócio em empresas do setor moveleiro no Brasil. O objetivo secundário é, por intermédio da análise desses relacionamentos, analisar se tais práticas podem ser consideradas as melhores práticas no contexto do setor pesquisado. Foi elaborado um modelo conceitual com cinco hipóteses de pesquisas, baseado na revisão da literatura. A pesquisa de campo consistiu de uma survey explanatória e de corte-transversal. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas, observações diretas no chão-de-fábrica e, também, mediante questionário estruturado respondido pela internet. Noventa e nove firmas participaram da pesquisa. A técnica usada para a análise dos dados foi a modelagem de equações estruturais com o método de estimação dos mínimos quadrados ponderados. Os resultados indicaram que (a) práticas de produção em diferentes áreas afetam direta e indiretamente indicadores de performance operacional e de negócio; (b) a implantação conjunta de práticas de infra-estrutura dão suporte às práticas-chave que estimulam a melhoria da performance de diferentes indicadores de indicadores; (c) em geral as práticas de produção influenciam diretamente...

Práticas ágeis no processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos; Best practices in process development of electronic games

Petrillo, Fábio dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
A indústria de jogos eletrônicos está entrando em uma nova era, na qual a tecnologia e a criatividade fundem-se, produzindo alguns dos mais estonteantes entretenimentos do Séc. XXI. Essa indústria, que já em 2003 ultrapassou o faturamento do cinema, tendo um rendimento anual de bilhões de dólares, emerge como uma das mais poderosas, excitantes e influentes no mundo das artes. Mesmo com toda essa pujança e rentabilidade, muitos dos relatos sobre projetos de jogos (doravante denominados postmortems) mostram que a produção desses softwares não é uma tarefa simples, estando ainda distante de um processo de trabalho saudável e sinergético. Entretanto, ao analisarmos mais atentamente os postmortems disponíveis nos sites especializados em jogos eletrônicos, pode-se constatar a adoção de várias práticas de engenharia de software, em especial, práticas ágeis de desenvolvimento. Assim, é possível melhorar o processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos através da aplicação dessas práticas? Que práticas são mais adequadas para este domínio? Que impacto sua adoção tem sobre propriedades subjetivas como a criatividade e a diversão? O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o impacto da aplicação de práticas ágeis no processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos...

Definindo melhores práticas em projetos de regeneração urbana sustentável; Defining best practices in sustainable urban regeneration projects

Castanheira, Guilherme; Bragança, L.; Mateus, Ricardo
Fonte: Associação Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construído Publicador: Associação Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construído
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
Este artigo analisa três projetos internacionais de regeneração urbana sustentável. Esta análise baseou-se na aplicação de dez indicadores de sustentabilidade urbana através de dois instrumentos de avaliação de sustentabilidade (Sistema Português de Avaliação da Sustentabilidade de Operações de Planejamento Urbano - SBToolPT-PU, e Sistema Internacional de Avaliação da Sustentabilidade de Operações de Planejamento Urbano - SBTool Urban) que estão sendo desenvolvidos em Portugal e em nível internacional, respectivamente. Através desta análise, pretendeu-se identificar as melhores práticas para o desenvolvimento urbano sustentável, as quais permitirão a definição dos valores de referência para ambas as ferramentas, apoiando os projetistas na tomada de decisão, considerando a sustentabilidade de áreas urbanas novas ou regeneradas.; This paper analyses three international sustainable urban regeneration projects. The analysis was based on the application of ten urban sustainability indicators from two sustainability assessment tools (Sustainable Building Tool for Urban Planning in Portugal - SBToolPT-UP, and International Sustainable Building Tool for Urban Planning - SBTool Urban), which are being developed in Portugal and at international level...

Environmental best practices of the world largest real estate companies and benefits for shareholders

Vaz, Pedro
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Master of Science in Business Administration / JEL Classification System: Q01 - Sustainable Development; Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth; The increasing awareness regarding the main environmental threats resulting from the exhausting use of the available resources has led to the expansion of the concept associated with the sustainable development. Concerning it, there is a wide range of sectors that can contribute for a more efficient exploration and use of resources. One of these sectors is the construction of buildings. This thesis aims to analyze the environmental best practices implemented by the world‟s largest eco-friendly real estate companies in the development of green buildings, and to investigate the potential additional financial benefits for their shareholders. This study begins with the identification of the communication mediums used by the group of companies selected in the disclosure of its environmental performance. Following this, it is studied the best environmental practices applied in the conceptualization, construction and use of buildings in 2006 and 2009 in order to characterize the state of development of the sector and its evolutions in this context. Finally...

Metamodels of information technology best practices frameworks

Ferreira Neto,Arthur Nunes; Souza Neto,João
Fonte: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP Publicador: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This article deals with the generation and application of ontological metamodels of frameworks of best practices in IT. The ontological metamodels represent the logical structures and fundamental semantics of framework models and constitute adequate tools for the analysis, adaptation, comparison and integration of the frameworks of best practices in IT. The MetaFrame methodology for the construction of the metamodels, founded on the discipline of the conceptual metamodelling and on the extended Entity/Relationship methodology is described herein, as well as the metamodels of the best practices for the outsourcing of IT, the eSCM-SP v2.01 (eSourcing Capability Model for Service Providers) and the eSCM-CL v1.1 (eSourcing Capability Model for Client Organizations), constructed according to the MetaFrame methodology.

Best Practices for Ethical Sharing of Individual-Level Health Research Data From Low- and Middle-Income Settings

Bull, Susan; Cheah, Phaik Yeong; Denny, Spencer; Jao, Irene; Marsh, Vicki; Merson, Laura; Shah More, Neena; Nhan, Le Nguyen Thanh; Osrin, David; Tangseefa, Decha; Wassenaar, Douglas; Parker, Michael
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Sharing individual-level data from clinical and public health research is increasingly being seen as a core requirement for effective and efficient biomedical research. This article discusses the results of a systematic review and multisite qualitative study of key stakeholders’ perspectives on best practices in ethical data sharing in low- and middle-income settings. Our research suggests that for data sharing to be effective and sustainable, multiple social and ethical requirements need to be met. An effective model of data sharing will be one in which considered judgments will need to be made about how best to achieve scientific progress, minimize risks of harm, promote fairness and reciprocity, and build and sustain trust.

Views of Ethical Best Practices in Sharing Individual-Level Data From Medical and Public Health Research: A Systematic Scoping Review

Bull, Susan; Roberts, Nia; Parker, Michael
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
There is increasing support for sharing individual-level data generated by medical and public health research. This scoping review of empirical research and conceptual literature examined stakeholders’ perspectives of ethical best practices in data sharing, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. Sixty-nine empirical and conceptual articles were reviewed, of which, only five were empirical studies and eight were conceptual articles focusing on low- and middle-income settings. We conclude that support for sharing individual-level data is contingent on the development and implementation of international and local policies and processes to support ethical best practices. Further conceptual and empirical research is needed to ensure data sharing policies and processes in low- and middle-income settings are appropriately informed by stakeholders’ perspectives.

Implementation of traceability best practices within the medical device domain

Regan, Gilbert; Mc Caffery, Fergal; Mc Daid, Kevin; Flood, Derek
Fonte: EuroSPI Publicador: EuroSPI
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
peer-reviewed; Requirements validation, compliance verification and impact analysis are important activities that are performed during the software development lifecycle. Traceability of requirements through the software development lifecycle (SDLC) is essential in the development of safety critical software. Organisations such as the Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Aviation Authority in the United States require traceability as part of their approval process. However, despite its criticality there is extensive digression in the practices and usefulness of traceability across development projects. Many projects’ traceability efforts are simply focused on satisfying regulations and do not leverage the many benefits of traceability. Traceability, if fully implemented is an important tool for managing system development and there are a number of published best practices to help companies with this implementation. By means of a literature review we record a list of the commonly accepted best practices for traceability im-plementation. Furthermore, through interviews with two medical device companies we report that a number of these practices are unfamiliar to these companies and why an even greater number of these practices are not applied.

Global Investment Promotion Best Practices : Winning Tourism Investment

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Global investment promotion best practices (GIPB) assess how well national investment promotion intermediaries (IPIs) from 189 countries attract investment. The assessment is carried out by a review of IPI websites and mystery shopper inquiries that mirror the process in which foreign investors decide the location of the next projects. GIPB 2012 assessment results revealed poor performance of a staggering majority of IPIs in providing information and assistance to prospective investors in the tourism sector (investment facilitation) - a core function of IPIs worldwide. It should also be noted that less than half of the IPIs that listed tourism as a priority sector responded to the inquiry, which even then was often with incomplete information. Based on international best practices, this report recommends that IPIs adopt five key steps in order to position their agencies and locations more competitively for new tourism investment: (1) develop more strategic, focused, and relevant approaches to tourism investment promotion; (2) improve overall capacity and skills to deliver effective investment promotion with an emphasis on developing better tourism-specific knowledge in-house...

Best Practices of Accessibililty in Parks and Recreation: A Delphi Survey of National Experts in Accessibility

Voight, Alison; Robb, Gary; Skulski, Jennifer; Getz, Deborah; Scharven, Debbie
Fonte: National Center on Accessibility Publicador: National Center on Accessibility
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 573319 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
More and more, recreation professionals contact NCA already armed with information on the minimum compliance requirements, but are now seeking information on best practices that exceed the minimum requirements, and are therefore more likely to achieve full inclusion. The need for specific information regarding the best method or that which exceeds the minimum standard has warranted this research study. Currently, no formal document with best practices information exists for practitioners seeking to exceed the minimum compliance requirements set forth under the ADA and other disability-related legislation. As a result of frequent inquiries regarding best practices from practitioners, NCA initiated this research study in order to ascertain which practices in the field of parks and recreation accessibility management exceed the minimum standards set forth by the ADA and other disability-related legislation. The final purpose of the research was to create a document that details “best practices” in the delivery of recreation and leisure service in a variety of settings. The study was coordinated by NCA with support from faculty and staff from the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Studies and the Eppley Institute for Parks and Public Lands...

Developing Best Practices for Validation of Irregular Warfare Models

Brown, Richard F.; Appleget, Jeffrey; Perkins, Timothy K.; Blais, Curtis; Duong, Deborah
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Operational, analytic, training, testing, and experimentation communities require irregular warfare (IW) methods, models, and tools (MMT) with tactical-level representation to address key issues and requirements. DoDI 5000.61 requires all models and simulations developed, used, or managed by the DoD to be verified, validated, and accredited. Critical to the tactical representation of IW are interactions between combatants and the indigenous population. Representation of these interactions between humans (human behavior representation, or HBR) will require expertise from several of the many fields of social science, and the verification, validation, and accreditation (VV&A) of these representations will require adaptation and, in some cases, enhancement of VV&A techniques that have become common practice when conducting VV&A of DoD physics-based combat models and simulations. Moreover, new techniques may be required. The U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Analysis Center, Monterey (TRAC-Monterey) and the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) are addressing this need by developing best practices for validation of IW MMT representation and applying those best practices to selected existing IW MMT, namely the Cultural Geography (CG) Model and the Peace Support Operations Model (PSOM). The specific aspect of IW that this effort has focused on is the representation of counterinsurgency environments and operations at the tactical level.

Best practices and potential biases in trade missions : Portuguese SMEs mission guidelines

Sousa, Jorge Diogo Rodrigues e
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 29/05/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Standing in a period of economic uncertainty, Portugal had to look for measures to improve its financial health. Internationalization was regarded as an option, leading EPAs and, specifically, Trade Missions to gain notoriety. Since SMEs are crucial in the country’s recovery and are seen as the companies which can receive greater benefits from participating in these Missions, we develop a list of potential biases and best practices regarding Trade Mission. Through interviewing SMEs participants, EPAs, and Trade Fairs SMEs participants, we manage to identify some initiatives expected to contribute in making Portuguese Trade Missions more efficient. Among the potential biases, most of them are related to internal attribution. As a result, firms need to: be explicit while interacting with the agencies; take measured risks on which country to invest and be aware of their capability to internationalize their operations; understand who their potential partners are and how to interact with them; and be as less dependent as possible from the organizers, hence, making deals on their own. Regarding the best practices, the ones listed intend to give doable conducts on how an SME can prepare for a Trade Mission. We aim at making participants aware of others’ importance and...

Identity Management Best Practices: A CTSC Blog Series

Basney, Jim
Fonte: CTSC (Center for Trustworthy Scientific Infrastructure) Publicador: CTSC (Center for Trustworthy Scientific Infrastructure)
Tipo: Outros
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
This technical report collects a series of CTSC blog posts on identity management (IdM) best practices published in 2014 for archival purposes.

Analysis of design-build processes, best practices, and applications to the Department of Defense

Cantrell, Kim S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 71 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
MBA Professional Report; The Federal Government's preference for the acquisition of commercial items was placed into law under Public Law 103-355, Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994. Acquisition policies were established that more closely resembled those of the commercial marketplace and the law encouraged the acquisition of commercial supplies and services. This law did not extend to the acquisition of design-build construction. Acquisition policy regarding Government design-build should be analyzed to determine which best commercial processes/practices may be applied to the acquisition of Government design-build. Design- Build (DB) is defined as a project delivery system in which the owner contracts with, and holds responsible, one single entity for both design and construction of a project. This method differs from the traditional design-bid-build (DBB) approach in which the owner contracts with an architect to design the project (prepare drawings and specifications) under a design contract and then competitively bids the project among construction contractors to build the facility. With NAVFAC's mandate, that by the end of Fiscal Year (FY) 07, 75% of capital improvement projects above $7 50,000 will be accomplished by design-build acquisition...

Global Investment Promotion Best Practices 2012 : Seizing the Potential for Better Investment Facilitation in the MENA Region

International Finance Corporation; World Bank; Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
The drop in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region over the past three to four years stems in part from the aftermath of the recent global economic crisis, and in part from the uncertainties created by the political and social changes in the region that have characterized the so-called Arab Spring. However, the medium-term outlook may be more positive as greater governmental transparency and less cumbersome business environments are expected to foster FDI, stimulate entrepreneurship, and create jobs. The Global Investment Promotion Best Practices (GIPB) 2012 report presents well-timed and useful insights into the capacities of IPIs to perform their investment facilitation function. Thus a careful analysis of GIPB findings can be important in helping MENA Investment Promotion Intermediary's (IPIs) introduce targeted improvements that will enable them to increase FDI flows into the region. The GIPB 2012 assessment also detected a number of procedural hitches, such as difficulty in contacting an IPI or a relevant project manager in spite of repeated attempts...

Building a Dialogue to Promote Microfinance Best Practices in South America

Goldberg, Mike; Palladini, Eric
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
This note provides a summary of how the Bank established an eight-part distance learning series for dialogue with South American micro-financing institutions (MFIs). The objectives of the dialogues were to: (1) highlight the Bank's ability to mobilize international technical expertise in microfinance; (2) strengthen MFIs by disseminating new knowledge and technological best practices; (3) promote the sharing of experiences and lessons learned; and (4) promote greater ties among the MFIs in the region. The events became an ongoing forum to provide technical assistance to microfinance networks in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

A gestão do conhecimento no compartilhamento de melhores práticas em uma base de dados no Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região; The knowledge management for best practices sharing in a database at the Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região

Miranda, Márcia Mazo Santos de; Moresi, Eduardo Amadeu Dutra
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Uma alternativa rápida, eficaz e poderosa de gestão do conhecimento é por meio do compartilhamento sistemático das melhores práticas. Esta pesquisa buscou identificar, na literatura, as recomendações para estruturação de uma base de melhores práticas, levantando os benefícios de sua implantação para o Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região (TRF - 1ª Região). Foi realizada uma pesquisa quantitativa na qual foram distribuídos questionários para os juízes federais do TRF - 1ª Região, o qual foi dividido em quatro partes: Perfil do magistrado, Fluxo do conhecimento/informação, Ambiente interno e Facilitador organizacional. Como resultado, identificou-se a necessidade de se ter uma base de dados de melhores práticas na instituição para a identificação, transferência e o compartilhamento do conhecimento organizacional. A conclusão apresenta as recomendações necessárias para o desenvolvimento dessa base e evidencia a sua importância para a gestão do conhecimento em uma organização.; A quick, effective and powerful alternative for knowledge management is the systematic sharing of best practices. This study identified in the literature recommendations for structuring a best practices database and summarized the benefits of its deployment to the Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região TRF - 1ª Região. A quantitative research was then carried out...

Metamodels of information technology best practices frameworks

Ferreira Neto, Arthur Nunes; Souza Neto, João
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This article deals with the generation and application of ontological metamodels of frameworks of best practices in IT. The ontological metamodels represent the logical structures and fundamental semantics of framework models and constitute adequate tools for the analysis, adaptation, comparison and integration of the frameworks of best practices in IT. The MetaFrame methodology for the construction of the metamodels, founded on the discipline of the conceptual metamodelling and on the extended Entity/Relationship methodology is described herein, as well as the metamodels of the best practices for the outsourcing of IT, the eSCM-SP v2.01 (eSourcing Capability Model for Service Providers) and the eSCM-CL v1.1 (eSourcing Capability Model for Client Organizations), constructed according to the MetaFrame methodology.

Best Practices in Port Management: An Assessment of Two Ports

Bacchioni, Abra
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 8952573 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
Corporation X owns and operates Port Y in Indonesia and will begin using Port Z in Australia, a public port, in late 2008. The ports are used to export copper concentrate, while Port Y is also used to move commodities, cargo, and people. Analysis based on field observations and personnel interviews revealed strengths and weaknesses in best management practices at each location. As the Corporation aims to demonstrate best port practices, this assessment of environmental practices and protocols addresses handling of cargo, protocols for ships, environmental controls, monitoring, and general practices. Research found that Port Y could lessen environmental impacts by enclosing the copper concentrate conveyor system. Best practices at Port Y include ballast water management and monitoring practices. Port Z could improve its management practices by increasing environmental monitoring frequency; best practices include movement of copper concentrate and air quality maintenance.

Working for Change in the Environmental Health Sphere: Unique Challenges and the Best Practices to Address Those Challenges

Messenger, Leigh
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 27/04/2012 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Individuals working for change in environmental health face some challenges that best practices can help navigate. Environmental health is becoming a much more important area of focus as expanding knowledge increasingly links everyday environmental exposures with a higher risk of disease. These exposures can be from a variety of substances including common everyday chemicals, pollution, heavy metals, and other substances. The focus of this project is to identify through an interdisciplinary lens some of the unique challenges and best practices in Environmental Health using conversational interviews, observations, and all forms of published information from geographically diverse individuals and organizations. The challenges discussed underscore the difficulty that many characteristics of environmental health are not necessarily visible and tangible to many people and individuals must rely on changing belief, perceptions, and behavior in order to effect change. This is as challenging as trying to get someone to quit smoking or exercise more. Those working in environmental health find their work to be more difficult due to public disputes over health effects, as well as the validity of the scientific findings. Overall, individuals working in the area of environmental health can benefit from understanding the basics of health-related models and communication...