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Entrepreneurship Snapshots 2010 : Measuring the Impact of the Financial Crisis on New Business Registration

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
New businesses are likely to have been even more severely affected by the crisis than mature businesses, even in non crisis times, new and young firms tend to be more constrained than older firms which often have established reputations and enjoy easier access to finance. Given the sudden scarcity of credit and the uncertain economic outlook, it is reasonable to assume that entrepreneurs wanting to start a new business or register an existing informal business were hit especially hard by the downturn. Until now, however there has been a lack of comprehensive evidence to support this assumption. The impact of the 2008-09 financial crises on new business creation should be of special interest given the importance of entrepreneurs and young firms to the continued dynamism of the modern market economy; it is well established that a robust entry rate of new business can foster competition and economic growth. This report hypothesizes that although economies with more developed financial markets were hit harder by the crisis...

A Tale of Two Species : Revisiting the Effect of Registration Reform on Informal Business Owners in Mexico

Bruhn, Miriam
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Different views have been put forward to explain why most firms in developing countries operate informally. One view argues that informal-business owners are entrepreneurs who do not register their firm because the regulation process is too complex. Another argues that informal-business owners are people trying to make a living while searching for a wage job. This paper contributes to recent literature that argues that both factors are at work. The author uses discriminant analysis to separate informal business owners into two groups: those with personal characteristics similar to wage workers, and those with traits similar to formal-business owners. The paper then examines how the two groups were affected by a business registration reform in Mexico. Informal-business owners from the second group were more likely to register their business after the reform. By contrast, informal-business owners from the first group were less likely to register but more likely to become wage workers after the reform. This is consistent with the finding in Bruhn (2008 and 2011) that the reform led to job creation. It also explains why the earlier papers find that the reform didn t affect the number of new registrations by all informal business owners.

The Growth Report and New Structural Economics

Lin, Justin Yifu; Monga, Celestin
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Despite its heavy human, financial, and economic cost, the recent global recession provides a unique opportunity to reflect on the knowledge from several decades of growth research, draw policy lessons from the experience of successful countries, and explore new approaches going forward. In an increasingly globalized world where fighting poverty is not only a moral responsibility but also a strategy for confronting some of the major problems (diseases, malnutrition, insecurity and violence) that ignore boundaries and contribute to global insecurity, thinking about new ways of generating and sustaining growth is a crucial task for economists. This paper reassesses the evolution of knowledge on growth and suggests a new structural approach to the analysis. It offers a brief, critical review of lessons learned from growth research and examines the remaining challenges -- especially from the policy standpoint. It highlights how the 2008 Growth Commission Report identifies the stylized facts associated with sustained and inclusive growth. And it explains how the new structural economics provides a consistent framework for understanding the key findings of the Report.

Doing Business in Russia 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Russia 2012 is the second subnational report in the Doing Business series in Russia. In 2009, quantitative indicators on business regulations were published for 10 cities: Irkutsk, Kazan, Moscow, Perm, Petrozavodsk, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Tomsk, Tver, and Voronezh. This year, Doing Business in Russia in 2012 documents improvements in the 10 cities previously measured and expands the analysis to 20 new cities across the nation: Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Kirov, Murmansk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Samara, Saransk, Stavropol, Surgut, Ulyanovsk, Vladikavkaz, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vyborg, Yakutsk, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg. Data for Moscow is taken from the annual Doing Business report. The selection criteria include the level of urbanization, population, economic activity, political and geographical diversity, and other factors. The cities were selected by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 4 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Russia: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity...

Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 measures business regulations and their enforcement in Hargeisa, Somaliland. It is the first Doing Business city profile in Somaliland. Comparisons with other economies are based on Doing Business 2012, doing business in a more transparent world, the ninth in a series of annual reports published by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation. The indicators in Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 are also comparable with 335 cities from 54 economies benchmarked in other subnational Doing Business studies. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 measures regulations affecting 11 stages of the life of a small or medium-size business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency. Data on the employing workers indicator is available as an annex. The data in Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 are current as of May 2012.

Doing Business in Kenya 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Kenya 2012 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in Kenya. In 2009, Doing Business in Kenya 2010 analyzed quantitative indicators on business regulations for 11 cities: Eldoret, Garissa, Isiolo, Kilifi, Kisumu, Malaba, Mombasa, Nairobi, Narok, Nyeri, and Thika. This year, Doing Business in Kenya 2012 documents improvements in the 11 cities previously measured and expands the analysis to 2 new cities: Kakamega and Nakuru. The cities can be compared against each other, and with 183 economies worldwide. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 4 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Kenya: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, and enforcing contracts. These indicators were selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The indicators are used to identify business reforms and the extent to which these have been effective in simplifying the procedures, saving time, and lowering the cost of doing business. The data in Doing Business in Kenya 2012 are current as of March 2012.

Doing Business in Nigeria 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in Nigeria. In 2008, quantitative indicators on business regulations were created for 10 states and Abuja, FCT. This year, Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 expands the analysis to all 36 Nigerian states and Abuja, FCT, and documents progress in the 10 states and the capital previously measured. The states are compared against each other, and with 183 economies worldwide. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 4 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Nigeria: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, and enforcing contracts. These indicators have been selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The data in Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 are current as of January 2010.

Doing Business in Colombia 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Colombia 2010 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in Colombia. In 2007, quantitative indicators on business regulations were created for 13 cities and departments. This year, Doing Business in Colombia 2010 expands the analysis to a total of 21 cities and documents progress in the 13 cities previously measured. The data for Bogotá and the rest of the world are based on the indicators in Doing Business 2010: Reforming through Difficult Times, the seventh in a series of annual reports published by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. The cities and departments covered in Doing Business in Colombia 2010 were selected together with the National Department of Planning and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism and are the following: Armenia (Quindío), Barranquilla (Atlantico), Bogota (Distrito Capital), Bucaramanga (Santander), Cali (Valle Del Cauca), Cartagena (Bolívar), Cucuta (Norte de Santander), Ibague (Tolima), Manizales (Caldas), Medellin (Antioquia), Monteria (Cordoba), Neiva (Huila), Pasto (Narino), Pereira (Risaralda), Popayan (Cauca), Riohacha (La Guajira)...

Doing Business in Indonesia 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Indonesia 2012 is the second subnational report of the doing business series in Indonesia. In 2010, quantitative indicators on business regulations were analyzed for 14 cities: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandung, Denpasar, Jakarta, Makassar, Manado, Palangka Raya, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Surabaya, Surakarta, and Yogyakarta. This year, doing business in Indonesia 2012 documents improvements in the 14 cities previously measured and expands the analysis to 6 new cities across the nation: Batam, Gorontalo, Jambi, Mataram, Medan, and Pontianak. Doing business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 3 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Indonesia: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, and registering property. These indicators were selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The indicators are used to identify business reforms and the extent to which these have been effective in simplifying the procedures, saving time, and lowering the cost of doing business. The data in doing business in Indonesia 2012 are current as of July 2011.

Doing Business in Philippines 2011

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in the Philippines 2011 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in the Philippines. In the first, Doing Business in the Philippines 2008, quantitative indicators on business regulations were analyzed for 21 cities in 3 regions: Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 3 stages of the life of a local business are measured at the subnational level in the Philippines: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, and registering property. These indicators were selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The indicators are used to identify business reforms and the extent to which these have been effective in simplifying the procedures, saving time, and lowering the cost of doing business. The data in Doing Business in the Philippines 2011 are current as of June 1, 2010.

Business Culture Issues in Vietnam: Case Studies

Do, Thien; Quilty, Mary; Milner, Anthony; Longstaff, Simon
Fonte: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU Publicador: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
What practical issues can arise when doing business in Vietnam? How is Vietnam adapting to the demands of the market economy? In particular, how does a knowledge of Vietnamese business culture, and history, help to clear up misunderstandings – especially involving relations between foreign business people and representatives from Vietnamese business and government? Does the Vietnamese experience have a broader value in the Asian region, where numerous different societies have been seeking a way to engage vigorously in international commerce – yet without losing touch with their own ethical foundations? ... ¶ This volume presents case study material relating to business in Vietnam. It outlines real issues and problems that have arisen – and then seeks to provide a cultural and historical context in which to understand them, and perhaps even solve them.; The research was undertaken in a cooperative project between Australian National University researchers and the St. James Ethics Centre, and received funding from the Australian Research Council. The St. James Ethics Centre helped to establish both the directions of the Project and a most valuable cooperative arrangement with the Vietnamese Ministry of Trade in Hanoi.; no

Cómo enseñar ética en el ámbito económico-profesional : "un debate abierto"; How to Teach Ethics in the Economic-Business Ambit : "an opoen debate"

García Echevarría, Santiago
Fonte: Instituto de Organización y Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Alcalá Publicador: Instituto de Organización y Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Alcalá
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
El diálogo entre ética y economía no es ningún problema nuevo. Es una larga historia que dados los acontecimientos de los últimos años se ha acentuado su preocupación tanto por la necesidad de su planteamiento docente como investigador. En esta contribución se plantea la problemática de este diálogo en la economía, pero en particular en la docencia de la economía de la empresa. Diálogo complejo que mal planteado tiene que soportar graves impactos, por lo que se han recogido aquí tanto las diversas orientaciones normativas como didácticas para realizar una clara propuesta. Difícilmente se logrará el éxito en la utilización eficiente de recursos humanos sin una interpretación integral de la realidad económico-social y empresarial en la interacción humana. Estamos, sin duda, ante la necesidad de una nueva conceptualización de lo económico y lo empresarial. The dialogue between ethics and economics is not a new problem. This dialogue has a long history which, due events of recent years, has enjoyed renewed interest about how to approach it among both teachers and researchers. This contribution addresses the problems that this dialogue raises within the economy, but especially within the teaching of business economics. This complex dialogue...

Innovative business plan: creation of a fast healthy food chain: “My Taste”

Adrianza, Luis
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
Master in International Management / Classifications of the JEL Classification System M20 – Business Economics General M21 – Business Economics; O seguinte plano de negócios tem a intenção de descrever a criação rápida de uma cadeia de restaurantes saudáveis chamada "MyTaste", como veremos posteriormente, "MyTaste" distingue-se entre os outros restaurantes pelo seu serviço único, opções de alimentos saudáveis e sua estratégia de preços. Iremos a descrever minuciosamente todo o conceito do nosso restaurante, analisaremos o mercado em que temos a intenção de iniciar as nossas operações, criaremos um análise SWOT, definiremos os nossos planos de marketing, tecnológicos, organizacionais e estratégias financeiras, descreveremos os requisitos necessários para implementar essas estratégias e naturalmente vamos a criar uma previsão financeira da viabilidade do nosso projecto. Decidimos dividir a escrita de nosso plano de negócios de acordo com nossas forças e interesses. Gregório de Harlez escreveu Capítulo 2: Revisão da Literatura, Capítulo 3: Definição do conceito e do Mercado e Capítulo 4: Plano de Marketing. Luis Adrianza escreveu o Sumário Executivo, Descrição da empresa, Objectivos do Plano de Negócios...

Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 measures business regulations and their enforcement in Hargeisa, Somaliland. It is the first Doing Business city profile in Somaliland. Comparisons with other economies are based on Doing Business 2012, doing business in a more transparent world, the ninth in a series of annual reports published by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation. The indicators in Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 are also comparable with 335 cities from 54 economies benchmarked in other subnational Doing Business studies. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 measures regulations affecting 11 stages of the life of a small or medium-size business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency. Data on the employing workers indicator is available as an annex. The data in Doing Business in Hargeisa 2012 are current as of May 2012.

Doing Business in Nigeria 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in Nigeria. In 2008, quantitative indicators on business regulations were created for 10 states and Abuja, FCT. This year, Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 expands the analysis to all 36 Nigerian states and Abuja, FCT, and documents progress in the 10 states and the capital previously measured. The states are compared against each other, and with 183 economies worldwide. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 4 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Nigeria: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, and enforcing contracts. These indicators have been selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The data in Doing Business in Nigeria 2010 are current as of January 2010.

Doing Business in Colombia 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Colombia 2010 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in Colombia. In 2007, quantitative indicators on business regulations were created for 13 cities and departments. This year, Doing Business in Colombia 2010 expands the analysis to a total of 21 cities and documents progress in the 13 cities previously measured. The data for Bogotá and the rest of the world are based on the indicators in Doing Business 2010: Reforming through Difficult Times, the seventh in a series of annual reports published by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. The cities and departments covered in Doing Business in Colombia 2010 were selected together with the National Department of Planning and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism and are the following: Armenia (Quindío), Barranquilla (Atlantico), Bogota (Distrito Capital), Bucaramanga (Santander), Cali (Valle Del Cauca), Cartagena (Bolívar), Cucuta (Norte de Santander), Ibague (Tolima), Manizales (Caldas), Medellin (Antioquia), Monteria (Cordoba), Neiva (Huila), Pasto (Narino), Pereira (Risaralda), Popayan (Cauca), Riohacha (La Guajira)...

Doing Business in Indonesia 2012

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in Indonesia 2012 is the second subnational report of the doing business series in Indonesia. In 2010, quantitative indicators on business regulations were analyzed for 14 cities: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandung, Denpasar, Jakarta, Makassar, Manado, Palangka Raya, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Surabaya, Surakarta, and Yogyakarta. This year, doing business in Indonesia 2012 documents improvements in the 14 cities previously measured and expands the analysis to 6 new cities across the nation: Batam, Gorontalo, Jambi, Mataram, Medan, and Pontianak. Doing business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 3 stages of the life of a business are measured at the subnational level in Indonesia: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, and registering property. These indicators were selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The indicators are used to identify business reforms and the extent to which these have been effective in simplifying the procedures, saving time, and lowering the cost of doing business. The data in doing business in Indonesia 2012 are current as of July 2011.

Doing Business in Philippines 2011

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Doing Business in the Philippines 2011 is the second subnational report of the Doing Business series in the Philippines. In the first, Doing Business in the Philippines 2008, quantitative indicators on business regulations were analyzed for 21 cities in 3 regions: Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. Doing Business investigates the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Regulations affecting 3 stages of the life of a local business are measured at the subnational level in the Philippines: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, and registering property. These indicators were selected because they cover areas of local jurisdiction or practice. The indicators are used to identify business reforms and the extent to which these have been effective in simplifying the procedures, saving time, and lowering the cost of doing business. The data in Doing Business in the Philippines 2011 are current as of June 1, 2010.

The Doing Business Indicators, Economic Growth and Regulatory Reform

Hanusch, Marek
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Improving the investment climate is among the top priorities in development. The World Bank Group's Doing Business reports have become an important guide and benchmark to inform regulatory reforms aimed at unleashing the potential of the private sector. This paper discusses the potential role of the Doing Business Indicators in the reform process. Generally, the Doing Business studies are constrained in their prescriptive power for policy making. However, governments that nonetheless choose to use the Doing Business reports for guidance in the reform process can aim to improve their Doing Business ranking to enhance the visibility of their general reform efforts; or they can aim at maximizing the impact of reform on economic growth. In this case, the evidence suggests that focusing on indicators relating to credit and the enforcement of contracts is the most important. Indicators related to cost have the largest potential for fostering growth.

Entrepreneurs or employees: A cross-cultural cognitive analysis,

Knorr H.; Alvarez C.; Urbano D.
Fonte: Universidade de Medellín Publicador: Universidade de Medellín
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
This study examines the influence of the cultural-cognitive dimension - measured through creativity, risk taking and independence - on the probability of becoming an entrepreneur or an employee. Institutional economics is used as theoretical framework of the research. The empirical research uses binomial and multinomial probit models, when controlling for socio-demographic factors and macro variables. Data was obtained from the World Values Survey, for the period 2005-2008, considering a sample of 41 countries and 56,875 individuals. The main findings demonstrate that creativity, risk taking and independence increase the probability of becoming entrepreneur, and decrease the probability of becoming employee. Given that these characteristics facilitate the birth of new ideas, processes, products, and services, it is crucial to learn from entrepreneurs, and to foster such characteristics within organizations. The results have contributions for both researchers and policymakers on new firm creation (entrepreneurship) and on the generation of innovation within organisations (intrapreneurship). © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.