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Social Entrepreneurship and the Role of Universities - A rationale for guiding social entrepreneur coaching along the social business development process

Oliveira, Manuel Au-Yong; Gonçalves, Ramiro; Oliveira, José Miguel; Aroso, Manuel; Barbosa, Miguel; Santos, Romão; Ferreira, João José Pinto
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
Taking advantage of entrepreneurial talent seems to be of paramount importance for economic development and all over the world plans have been designed to achieve this endeavour. Research involving students at various levels of education and in various courses has been performed by academics worldwide. Empirical studies however have been mostly concentrated on undergraduate students’ intents. Postgraduate student analyses are rare but needed given the widespread fears of unemployment and increasing dissatisfaction with employment at this level. Social entrepreneurship in particular is an area of inquiry which is still in its infancy. Based upon Weerawardena and Mort’s (2006) multidimensional model of social entrepreneurship: SVC = f (I, P, RM) subject to S, SM, E Where SVC: social value creation; I: innovativeness; P: proactiveness; RM: risk management; S: Sustainability; SM – social mission; E: environment We provide a rationale for guiding social entrepreneur coaching along the social business development process at the postgraduate level.

A model to screen and improve business potential of micro and small enterprises in developing countries: Evidence from the Island of Mozambique

Marcos, Ana Margarida
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Programmes supporting micro and small enterprises in developing countries have been showing that capital is not enough to allow business success: survival and growth. Literature does not provide comprehensive and practical tool to support business development in this context, but allowed the collection of forty-nine success variables that were studied in a sample of successful and unsuccessful businesses in the Island of Mozambique to discover what were the key factors affecting those businesses’ performance. Empirical data gave the insights for the development of a model to screen and improve business potential of micro and small enterprises in this context.

Vietnam Business : Vietnam Development Report 2006

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Business development has been one of the main forces behind rapid poverty reduction in Vietnam. Together with the redistribution of agricultural land, and the broad coverage of social services, it allowed a large fraction of the population to engage in more productive occupations and raise their living standards. But businesses are still struggling with important constraints. Insufficient availability of finance, difficulties in accessing land and continuous gaps in infrastructure services (in spite of enormous investment efforts) are among the most important obstacles identified by entrepreneurs. In a booming labor market, retaining qualified personnel and finding the skills required to move up the ladder are also perceived as barriers to business development. As a result of these constraints, the domestic private sector remains dominated by small enterprises. In between a myriad household businesses and a few thousand large state-owned enterprises (SOES) and foreign companies, there are not many small and medium enterprises, and only a handful of domestic private firms have made it to the top. Sustaining business development in Vietnam requires the completion of the structural reform agenda. Fully developing the land market, restructuring the financial sector...

Key Benefits of Enterprise Surveys for Improving the Business Enabling Environment (BEE)

Liepina, Sanda; Nicholas, Dina; Novoseletsky, Edgard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
The private enterprise partnership (PEP) for Eastern Europe & Central Asia has been surveying the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector for 10 years. What began in 1996 as a survey of business practices among 250 entrepreneurs in Ukraine has grown into annual or biannual surveys of administrative barriers to business development in five countries. The SME surveys have proven vital for PEP in building its regional business enabling environment program. Specifically, running regular SME surveys introduces four key benefits for business enabling environment work: 1) building visibility for International Finance Corporation (IFC); 2) building capacity for a new local team; 3) motivating governments to reform; and 4) monitoring project results and assessing the impact of change to BEE.

An Assessment of the Human Resources, Skills Training and Business Services in Timor Leste

Callander, John W.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
This report analyses the business training and business services sectors in Timor Leste, and recommends a number of initiatives for the strengthening of these important sectors of the economy. Small, Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) have had limited access to information, and there seems to be a lack of understanding and entrepreneurial discipline. Entrepreneurs need to be more aware of the necessity of generating a cashflow in order to monitor economic activity, and keep a business solvent. This shortcoming is linked to cultural characteristics, but it is compounded by a historical reliance upon government. As enterprises learn from their mistakes, they are becoming more self-reliant. New enterprises understand that survival and success is based upon entrepreneurial discipline and a clear understanding of market forces.

Global Good Practice in Incubation Policy Development and Implementation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
This paper was based on a desk review of the literature relating to best practice in public policy supporting business incubation, supplemented by four national case studies covering Brazil, Ma-laysia, New Zealand and South Africa. These country studies were prepared through engage-ment of stakeholders, site visits and other sources of primary and secondary information collection. In the context of the study, we focused on best practice in policy development, meaning that public bodies should identify clear objectives and goals to be achieved within the resources avail-able and take steps to measure and assess what has actually been achieved, allowing changes to overcome unexpected barriers, as well as to identify and disseminate best practices to improve overall performance.

Learning from the Experiments That Never Happened : Lessons from Trying to Conduct Randomized Evaluations of Matching Grant Programs in Africa

Campos, Francisco; Coville, Aidan; Fernandes, Ana M.; Goldstein, Markus; McKenzie, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Matching grants are one of the most common policy instruments used by developing country governments to try to foster technological upgrading, innovation, exports, use of business development services and other activities leading to firm growth. However, since they involve subsidizing firms, the risk is that they could crowd out private investment, subsidizing activities that firms were planning to undertake anyway, or lead to pure private gains, rather than generating the public gains that justify government intervention. As a result, rigorous evaluation of the effects of such programs is important. The authors attempted to implement randomized experiments to evaluate the impact of seven matching grant programs offered in six African countries, but in each case were unable to complete an experimental evaluation. One critique of randomized experiments is publication bias, whereby only those experiments with "interesting" results get published. The hope is to mitigate this bias by learning from the experiments that never happened. This paper describes the three main proximate reasons for lack of implementation: continued project delays...

Addressing Regulatory Software Barriers to Business Growth

Kularatne, Chandana; Lopez-Calix, Jose
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
This policy paper explores the relative importance of the software regulatory barriers to growth in Pakistan. Such software barriers have been identified as part of the major constraint in the Framework for Economic Growth of the Government of Pakistan. Indeed, adequate software is needed to provide an environment in which the hardware of growth (physical infrastructure) could be expanded and made more productive. Among possible software constraints, the findings of various international surveys allow to disentangle the relative importance of multiple possible regulatory barriers; first by identifying what is in the books, and then by assessing what is actually experienced on the ground by entrepreneurs. Following the ensuing prioritization of the identified barriers, this paper suggests that the new growth strategy would benefit from focused policy efforts in seven key areas, where regulatory barriers and perceived obstacles are most constraining to business development: getting electricity, paying taxes...

Getting Down to Business : Strengthening Economies through Business Registration Reforms

Saltane, Valentina; Pan, Jiawen
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Business registration remains a complicated and costly process in many countries, hampering entrepreneurial activity and the creation of formal employment. In Bolivia and Uganda, for example, entrepreneurs need to complete 15 procedures to incorporate a limited liability company. In the Gambia and Djibouti, the cost of incorporation is about 180 percent of per capita income, and the average time needed to start up a business in São Paulo, Brazil, is more than 100 days. Rampant bureaucracy and systemic inefficiencies should not pose obstacles for business development and growth. Several research studies find that simpler business start-up processes are associated with higher rates of formal entrepreneurship, lesser development of shadow economies, increased tax revenues, and decreased corruption. It is clear that easy and straightforward business incorporation practices have multiple spillover benefits for the entire economy.

A methodology to promote business development from research outcomes in food science and technology

Cardoso, Eduardo Luís
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Valorization of knowledge produced in research units has been a major challenge for research universities in contemporary societies. The prevailing forces have led these institutions to develop a hird mission", the facilitation of technology transfer and activity in an entrepreneurial paradigm. E ective management of challenges encountered in the development of academic entrepreneurship and the associated valorization of knowledge produced by universities are major factors to bridge the gap between research and innovation in Europe. The need to improve the existing institutional knowledge valorization processes, concerning entrepreneurship and business development and the processes required were discussed. A case study was designed to describe the institutional knowledge valorization process in a food science and technology research unit and a related incubator, during a ve year evaluation period that ended in 2012. The knowledge valorization processes bene ted from the adoption of a structured framework methodology that led to ideas and teams from a business model generation to client development, in parallel, when possible, with an agile product/service development. Although academic entrepreneurship engagement could be improved...

Analysis of the Small Business Administration 8(a) business development program

Gallagher, Robert B.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The objective of this project is to examine the current Small Business Administration 8(a) Business Development Program related to contracts awarded by the United States government. As a result of this project, the United States government will gain perspective on the utilization and effectiveness of the 8(a) program. The intent of the Small Business Administration 8(a) Business Development Program is to help socially and economically disadvantaged small businesses gain access to federal contracting opportunities. Government Accountability Office and Inspector General official reports suggest that the 8(a) program lacks management oversight and is susceptible to fraud, waste, and abuse. This research provides an analysis of contracts awarded under the 8(a) program by the Department of Defense in the United States from fiscal years 2008 through 2014. This research analyzes whether or not the 8(a) program’s industrial base is expanding and if the program is being abused by private industry. Further analysis of randomly selected contracts is conducted to analyze if the contracts were awarded to certified 8(a) contractors and identify if the program is being utilized as intended.; ; Civilian...

Microfinance and Business Development Service Linkages: Synergies for Micro and Small Enterprise Development in Kenya

Musyoki, Nzilu
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.2%
Microfinance, the delivery of microcredit to low income people, is a popular development approach among governments in both the developing and developed world. The approach encourages mainly the poor to pursue self-employment by creating micro and small enterprises. Most microfinance institutions, the main providers of microcredit in developing countries, are seemingly taking a minimalist approach in their operations. Against this background it is feared that provision of business development services (BDS) to owner managers of micro and small enterprises is likely to be reduced or neglected. Previous attempts to evaluate the association of microfinance practices with the performance of poor people's micro and small enterprises have resulted in mixed results with little theoretical underpinning. Within the context of the current poverty reduction discourse, this study investigates the association of microcredit and concurrent provision of business development services with micro and small enterprise performance in a developing country. The key question investigated is whether, given access to microcredit, there is a difference in owner-managers' self-assessed performance of their micro and small enterprises contingent on receipt of business development services. This thesis employs two relational conceptions...

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan - Development Policy Review : Improving Institutions, Fiscal Policies and Structural Reforms for Greater Growth Resilience and Sustained Job Creation (Vol. 1 of 2)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
Jordan's quest for long-term, inclusive and sustainable growth has remained largely elusive. By the Growth and Development Commission's measure of success, namely, an average growth rate of 7 percent over 30 years, Jordan's growth record cannot be dubbed 'successful'. This Development Policy Review (DPR) shows that sustaining growth and reducing unemployment is possible: Jordan has a strong human capital base, a large endowment in engineers, doctors, accountants, Information Technology (IT) specialists and a substantial highly-skilled diaspora (500,000 educated Jordanians abroad, 8 percent of the population). Furthermore, the market-oriented reforms of the early 2000s have made Jordan one of the most open economies in the Middle East and North Africa Region and have led to the emergence of dynamic non-traditional sectors (e.g., information and communication technologies, health tourism and business services). What is missing are: (i) an adequate and stable institutional framework for policymaking and long-term business development; (ii) good fiscal policies to manage shocks and maintain macroeconomic stability; good institutions and macroeconomic stability were identified by the growth commission as two of the five common characteristics of successful growth experiences; and (iii) further growth-enhancing structural reforms.

Jordan - Policies for High and Sustained Growth for Job Creation : Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2012 Development Policy Review (Vol. 1 of 2) : Synthesis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Jordan's quest for long-term, inclusive and sustainable growth has remained largely elusive. By the Growth and Development Commission's measure of success, namely, an average growth rate of 7 percent over 30 years, Jordan's growth record cannot be dubbed 'successful'. This Development Policy Review (DPR) shows that sustaining growth and reducing unemployment is possible: Jordan has a strong human capital base, a large endowment in engineers, doctors, accountants, Information Technology (IT) specialists and a substantial highly-skilled diaspora (500,000 educated Jordanians abroad, 8 percent of the population). Furthermore, the market-oriented reforms of the early 2000s have made Jordan one of the most open economies in the Middle East and North Africa Region and have led to the emergence of dynamic non-traditional sectors (e.g., information and communication technologies, health tourism and business services). What is missing are: (i) an adequate and stable institutional framework for policymaking and long-term business development; (ii) good fiscal policies to manage shocks and maintain macroeconomic stability; good institutions and macroeconomic stability were identified by the growth commission as two of the five common characteristics of successful growth experiences; and (iii) further growth-enhancing structural reforms.

Ethiopia - In Makeda's Footsteps : Towards a Strategy for Pro-Poor Tourism Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
The Government of Ethiopia (GOE) has set in train an initiative to develop the tourism sector in Ethiopia. This study supports this objective through in depth analysis of the supply and demand sides of the sector and by proposing a focused and viable strategy to grow tourist visitation and revenues whilst supporting the GOE poverty reduction goals. The study identified that tourism generated approximately US$ 132 million in in country expenditure revenue from a base of about 150,000 foreign visitors who came to Ethiopia for various purposes such as leisure, business and conferences and to visit friends and relatives. The study established that each of these categories of visitor have different expenditure and length of stay characteristics and based on this suggests a strategy of focusing on the development of leisure tourism, identifying this as the segment with the most potential to deliver growth. A final theme focuses on the need to improve demand for tourism and to work on the image of Ethiopia. Several strategies are suggested including marketing and business development support for Ethiopian tour operators and accommodation owners. A major issue identified is that Ethiopia has little defined product being sold in the market place. It is expected that a strategy that defines product...

Supporting Job Creation and Innovation through MSME Development in MENA

McConaghy, Peter
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
Employment generation is a critical challenge facing policymakers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, particularly since the Arab uprisings as citizens challenge governments to provide greater economic and social opportunities. Unemployment levels in MENA are above those of any other region, while the labor force participation rate remains stubbornly low. Three out of four working-age women do not participate in the labor force, constituting 80-90 percent of MENA's inactive workers. Unemployment is further complicated by the demographic bulge the region is facing. The lack of good employment opportunities in the region is reflected in high levels of informality: in no MENA country does the formal private sector employ more than 20 percent of workers. In recent years, policymakers have prioritized developing Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises (MSMEs) to address the employment challenge in MENA. A small proportion of high performing MSMEs have the potential to grow into internationally competitive companies...

Doing Business, An Independent Evaluation : Taking the Measure of the World Bank-IFC Doing Business Indicators; Doing business : une evaluation independante - les indicateurs Doing Business de la Banque mondiale-IFC passes au crible

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Doing Business (DB), the annual World Bank- International Finance Corporation (IFC) benchmarking exercise launched in 2004, is one of the Bank Group's flagship knowledge products. It aims to measure the costs to firms of business regulations in 178 countries and ranks the countries along 10 dimensions. It also aims to advance the World Bank Group's private sector development agenda by motivating and informing the design of regulatory reforms, enriching international initiatives on development effectiveness, and informing theory. By ranking countries and spotlighting both leaders and laggards, DB has attracted the interest of senior policy makers and is claimed to have inspired reforms on business climate issues. DB's lively communications style has helped give the DB indicators an international profile. The report has five sections: the first chapter reviews the intellectual underpinnings of the DB indicators. The second chapter reports on how DB collects and assembles data. The chapters third and fourth discuss the relevance of the dimensions measured by the exercise and their use inside and outside the Bank. And finally...

Managing Business Edge Solutions in a Middle Income Economy : The Case of South Africa

Gomes, Mario Joao
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Brief
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
Supporting the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is a strategic pillar of International Finance Corporation's (IFC's) private enterprise partnerships (PEP) for Africa initiative, which coordinates advisory services efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. In partnership with business development service providers (BDSPs), PEP Africa provides business edge's (BE's) methodology, tools, and content, and also trains trainers and consultants. Three years after the establishment of BE in South Africa, IFC approached the country s finance and accounting services sector education training authority (FASSET), to secure a training accreditation for BE. Currently Tushiyah is focusing on business development, and is also discussing the possibility of increasing the number of trainers and of becoming the country s master franchiser.

Foreign direct investment, institutional quality, economic freedom and entrepreneurship in emerging markets

Herrera-Echeverri, Hern??n; Haar, Jerry; Est??vez-Bret??n, Juan Benavides
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Art??culo; publishedVersion
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
This study investigates the relationship between foreign direct investment, institutional quality, economic freedom, and entrepreneurship in emerging markets. The research compares the capacity and appetite for business creation among high-income, low-income and emerging countries. The results are based on a panel study of data, from 2004 to 2009 for 87 countries, using as its source ???The World Bank Entrepreneurship Snapshots??? to look at the connection between business creation, institutional quality, market freedom and foreign direct investment (FDI). The findings reveal a strong positive relationship between institutional quality and business generation in all three of the above categories. The freedom to create businesses and invest has an impact on business generation in emerging countries, while the influence of international trade appears more important as a spur to the genesis of business in low-income countries. Finally, there is a direct and significant relationship between FDI and business development in emerging countries. This result is consistent with ???the spillover theory of entrepreneurship??? (, and ).

Testimony to the New York State Senate. Select "NextGen" Task Force on Economic Development and the Emerging Industries

Merrill, Douglas
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 65831 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
Chairman Skelos, Senators Alesi, Nozzolio and Robach and other distinguished members of the panel, thank you for this opportunity to speak with you today. Your task, to investigate the business development challenges confronting New York State’s high-technology and biotechnology industries, is both critical and timely. It is only through a careful analysis of the State’s past investments and strategic policies that we will be able to identify our best practices, and then armed with that knowledge, develop a comprehensive plan to provide New York companies with a competitive edge in an increasingly competitive marketplace.