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A comunicação organizacional nas associações empresariais

Costa, Joana
Fonte: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Este artigo versa a temática da comunicação organizacional em determinadas associações empresariais, mediante a análise das páginas da Internet das associações estudadas. Neste âmbito, e através da análise de conteúdo, foram estudados 11 sites com base numa grelha. Concluímos que, as associações empresariais, à semelhança de outras organizações, preocupam- se com a comunicação organizacional, utilizando a Internet como um instrumento comunicativo da instituição. This paper considers the problem of organizational communication in certain business associations, through the analysis of the Internet pages of the studied associations. In this context, and through the analysis of content, we studied 11 sites based on a grid. We conclude that, business associations, like other organizations, are concerned about organizational communication, using the Internet as a communicative tool of the institution.

Business Orders under Disordered Bureaucracies: Firms, Associations and the Post-Communist State

Hedberg, Masha
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
The dissertation analyzes the behavior of post-communist firms and business associations, and explores how business interests and organization are affected by the types of states that firms confront. Focusing on the countries of the former Soviet Union, the project seeks to further our understanding of post-communist political economy and enrich extant theory on business-state relations. I challenge conventional explanations for why business organizes, and why some firms join formal business associations, while others do not. Existing theories draw primarily from the experience of advanced industrial democracies, and thus fail to capture the dynamics of organization when business confronts a corrupt, and frequently predatory, state. Drawing on fieldwork in Russia and Ukraine, and aggregate analysis covering other transition economies, the project identifies the conditions that restructure incentives for firms to participate in business associations, and impede associations from developing as political intermediaries that facilitate interaction between public and private actors. It locates these conditions in the character and structure of the state which differentiates some post-communist states not only from their peers in the region...

Bulgaria - Reforming the regime of states fees

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
The Government of Bulgaria requested the World Bank to analyze the legal, institutional and administrative framework for setting state fees and provide recommendations based on good international practice. How big is the problem compared to the many other issues the government wants to reform in order to improve the business climate in Bulgaria? So far there are no comprehensive studies of the level of administrative fees in the European Union (EU) area. Such studies would be of great value to assess the magnitude of the problem. There are, however, several arguments in support of reforming the regime of state fees in Bulgaria now. Firstly, business associations in Bulgaria agree also confirmed by a recent unpublished government report - that state fees at the central level became an uncontrolled area in which authorities apply their own judgment and interests without considering the impact on businesses often to the disadvantage of the private sector. Secondly, if the Government of Bulgaria (GoB) does not curb the current regime system...

Releasing Constraints to Growth or Pushing on a String? The Impact of Credit, Training, Business Associations and Taxes on the Performance of Mexican Micro-Firms

Fajnzylber, Pablo; Maloney, William F.; Rojas, Gabriel V. Montes
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The authors employ propensity score matching and a traditional control function approach to examine the impact of participation in various societal institutions on microfirm performance in Mexico. They find that firms that participate in credit markets, receive training, pay taxes, and belong to business associations exhibit significantly higher profits, even after controlling for the various factors that drive participation in those institutions. They also find that firms that borrow from formal or informal sources and those that pay taxes are significantly more likely to stay in business, but firms that received credit exhibit lower rates of income growth. Overall, the results suggest that even if the best performing micro-firms are more likely to be selected into participating in societal institutions, causality also runs in the opposite direction. In particular, increases in strictly or broadly defined formality have the potential for increasing profits and survival rates, and appear to bring micro-firms closer to their optimal sizes.

An Assessment of the Human Resources, Skills Training and Business Services in Timor Leste

Callander, John W.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
This report analyses the business training and business services sectors in Timor Leste, and recommends a number of initiatives for the strengthening of these important sectors of the economy. Small, Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) have had limited access to information, and there seems to be a lack of understanding and entrepreneurial discipline. Entrepreneurs need to be more aware of the necessity of generating a cashflow in order to monitor economic activity, and keep a business solvent. This shortcoming is linked to cultural characteristics, but it is compounded by a historical reliance upon government. As enterprises learn from their mistakes, they are becoming more self-reliant. New enterprises understand that survival and success is based upon entrepreneurial discipline and a clear understanding of market forces.

Doing Business in Zanzibar 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Doing Business in Zanzibar 2010 is a new subnational report of the Doing Business series on the sub-Saharan African region, following the subnational Doing Business reports on Nigeria and Kenya. It measures business regulations and their enforcement in the region of Zanzibar, represented by Zanzibar Town. Doing Business series currently covers 183 economies around the world. The paper includes the following headings: overview, starting a business, dealing with construction permits, employing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and closing a business.

The Role of International Business in Aid for Trade : Building Capacity for Trade in Developing Countries

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
Since the launch of the global initiative on aid for trade in 2005, there has been a concerted effort by donors, partner agencies, and recipients to strengthen trade capacity and improve trade-related infrastructure so that developing countries may reap the benefits of trade. The majority of these efforts have been driven by the public sector: building infrastructure, providing technical assistance, improving trade facilitation, and trade policies. With a growing number of companies looking to the developing world for new markets, the private sector has a profound interest in ensuring sound investments through access to trade-related infrastructure, an educated workforce, and quality standards for inputs to their goods. The time is ripe to explore new partnerships between the public and private sector in order to build trade capacity in developing countries. This paper is a step towards highlighting the role of the private sector in the aid for trade initiative and provides a framework for understanding what this role entails. This framework is informed by 40 case stories submitted by multinational companies...

Striving for Business Success : Voices of Liberian Women Entrepreneurs

World Bank Institute; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Women in post-conflict economies face a number of challenges. Often their businesses stay at embryonic stages only, due to three key limitations relating to: knowledge of business vision and management; access to finance and markets; and access to role models and networks. Added to the complexity is the risk of having to start all over again due to their countriesapos; political instability and the limited infrastructure to make their businesses proper and become more efficient over time. This report presents findings on the situation of women entrepreneurs in Liberia. It discusses the challenges that female entrepreneurs face as well as enabling factors that they encounter when operating their businesses in Liberiaapos;s post-conflict environment. Through the voices and experiences of women - as in the IFC series quot;Voices of Women Entrepreneursquot; that inspires it - this report sheds some light on the specificities of women doing business in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), such as those in Liberia. It identifies operational lessons and proposes recommendations on how to support women entrepreneurs and contribute to their economic empowerment in the transition from post-conflict to reconstruction and development. The women interviewed for this report highlighted how obstacles...

Doing Business in Zanzibar 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Doing Business in Zanzibar 2010 is a new subnational report of the Doing Business series on the sub-Saharan African region, following the subnational Doing Business reports on Nigeria and Kenya. It measures business regulations and their enforcement in the region of Zanzibar, represented by Zanzibar Town. Doing Business series currently covers 183 economies around the world. The paper includes the following headings: overview, starting a business, dealing with construction permits, employing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and closing a business.

Art or Science? Measuring the Impact of Business Environment Reforms at the Subnational Level

Thomas, Margo; Cordova-Novion, Cesar; Batic, Ana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
As the Western Balkan economies look toward integration into the European Union, each is striving to increase its competitiveness and improve its economic growth. Considerable momentum has been developing on business enabling environment (BEE) reform. The overall doing business rankings for the countries in this region are in the third and fourth quartiles for 2009, showing plenty of room for improvement. Investors identified improvements in regulations affecting businesses as a key priority for upgrading the business enabling environment in the region. In this smart lesson, the author shares the experience of adapting the standard cost model to review regulations and measure impact in supporting BEE reforms at the subnational level in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia. The authors have adapted a relatively sophisticated tool, and applied it to support BEE reforms to: (1) measure the impact of the reforms in terms of cost savings for businesses; (2) help drive the reform agenda by enabling policymakers to build stakeholder support and target reforms recognizing that 'what gets measured...

Disorganization or Self-Organization : The Emergence of Business Associations in a Transition Economy

Recanatini, Francesca; Ryterman, Randi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
The transition from plan to market provides a rare opportunity for insight into the endogenous development of economic institutions. Economic activities under the Soviet regime were coordinated by a central authority. Soviet coordinating mechanisms were disrupted during the transition period, leading to an increase in firms' transactions costs. Blanchard and Kremer (1997), among others, emphasize the negative impact of this "disorganization" on output behavior at the beginning of the transition. Although their argument is correct, the authors believe that their work and similar analyses stop short of fully characterizing the transition by concentrating only on reform's disruptive effects. The authors start where the earlier work ends, examining the business associations that emerged spontaneously in response to the transition's challenges. They provide empirical evidence that institutions that help coordinate production and trade emerge spontaneously in a widely "disorganized" environment. Using a largely unexplored set of firm-level data...

Empowering Women Entrepreneurs through Legal Reform and Business Associations

Nadgrodkiewicz, Anna; Siddiqui, Hammad
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
In 2010, Pakistan ranked 133 out of the 134 countries evaluated by the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report on economic participation and opportunity for women, lower than Saudi Arabia and ahead only of Yemen. This jarring gender gap is also evident in national data. Women account for 52 percent of Pakistan's population, yet only three percent of them work in the formal sector, according to the Federal Bureau of Statistics. One important reason for women's absence in economic activities has been the lack of women's business organizations. This smart lesson shares what we at the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) learned from our work to promote women's participation in business associations and the creation of women's chambers of commerce in Pakistan.

What (Business) Women Want - Employing Surveys to Expand Our Knowledge About the State of Female Entrepreneurship in MENA Region

Niethammer, Carmen; Gharbi, Hela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Women's entrepreneurship is increasingly recognized as an important factor for economic growth and private sector development. Yet across the world, little quantitative information on female-owned businesses is available to inform policymakers how to better support them or to provide assistance to the rising number of women's business associations that are looking to better serve their membership base. In 2005, International Finance Corporation (IFC) commissioned four country assessments on the state of women's entrepreneurship in Middle East and North Africa (MENA). These assessments filled an important knowledge gap and drew attention from female entrepreneurs, businesswomen's associations, policymakers, donors, and the media alike. Subsequently, IFC was approached by businesswomen's associations from other MENA countries to conduct surveys there as well. The request posed a challenge, as financing female entrepreneurship surveys in all 19 countries covered by IFC Private Enterprise Partnership (PEP)-MENA would not only be financially challenging but also require tremendous monitoring and supervision efforts.

Informality and the Playing Field in Vietnam's Business Sector

Tenev, Stoyan; Carlier, Amanda; Chaudry, Omar; Nguyen, Quynh-Trang
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
The development story in Vietnam in recent years has been one of remarkable progress (Dollar 2002). Over the 1990s, the economy doubled and the incidence of poverty declined by half. Although these are indeed notable achievements, they are but the first steps across a difficult terrain. About 30 million people, or more than a third of the total population, continue to live in poverty, and 25 million, or about 60 percent of the labor force, are either underemployed or unemployed. To create jobs for the unemployed, underemployed, and new additions to the work force, Vietnam will have to double the economy again by the end of the decade, but this cannot happen unless both the level and the quality of investment increase substantially. According to World Bank estimates, average total investment must reach 30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2010, which represents a 5 percent increase over the 1990s, while average productivity will have to be about 40 percent higher (World Bank 2001). To achieve these objectives...

Bulgaria - Administrative and regulatory barriers to business

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
The present report on the Administrative and Regulatory Barriers to Business is part of an ongoing World Bank analytical and advisory support to the Government of Bulgaria in the area of regulatory reform. Since 2006, the World Bank has provided analytical and advisory support to the government in this area. In 2007, the Bank reviewed administrative procedures in the tourism, food, and road transportation sectors, calling for reduction and simplification of certain burdensome administrative regimes and emphasizing superfluous regulation at the municipality level. This report aims to identify ways in which Bulgaria can further remove obstacles to business regulation, recognizing that achieving pre-crisis growth levels, raising labor productivity and improving the business environment will require continued reforms to eliminate administrative and regulatory barriers to business. The report serves three purposes, such as: 1) providing the economic backdrop and comparators of Bulgaria's regulatory environment; 2) reporting on survey results including assessments by and perceptions of senior managers of Bulgarian enterprises; and 3) identifying strategic reform recommendations...

Better Regulation for Higher Growth : Bulgaria's Business Regulation - Achievements and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Removing regulatory obstacles that create barriers to business is a major objective for economic policymakers. There is broad understanding among policymakers and development practitioners that microeconomic reforms aimed at strengthening property rights, unleashing competition, and reducing the cost of doing business are critical to creating a sound investment climate and promoting economic growth (World Bank 2004; World Bank 2005; Lewis 2004). It is also commonly agreed that these changes need to be credible and sustained for private firms to respond by increasing investment and production (World Bank 2005). This report summarizes the findings of three topical studies of the World Bank: Administrative and Regulatory Barriers to Business (volume two) studies the overall burden of regulation for companies in comparison to other new European Union (EU) peers and specifically assesses Information Technology (IT) and manufacturing companies and the role of key stakeholders. The ex-post impact assessment of the act on limiting administrative regulation and administrative control on economic activity (Volume three) makes an assessment of how the act has been enforced...

Tanzania - Subnational Costs of Doing Business in Tanzania : An Assessment of Doing Business in Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Mtwara, Mwanza, and Zanzibar

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Investment Climate Assessment (ICA); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
This report assesses some of the more significant doing business indicators including how easy it is to register a business, obtain a license, transfer property, connect basic utilities, and obtain an overdraft in 8 regions of Tanzania. The time and cost of completing these transactions play a significant role for local investors in their decision of whether to operate in a country's formal sector, thus affecting its investment and growth performance. The doing business assessment provides an index for measuring the ease of doing business across 175 developing and developed countries. The assessment promotes awareness of and focus on private sector needs, and oftentimes competition in reform programs among countries.The indicators look at 10 key operating areas for a firm, ranging from starting up and getting credit to closing the business. The report studies a theoretical firm. Data is based on research of laws and regulations in a country's main business city or capital. Input and verification are supplied by local government officials...

Doing Business in Pakistan 2010

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Doing Business in Pakistan 2010 is the first country-specific subnational report of the Doing Business series in Pakistan. The report builds on the regional Doing Business in South Asia 2005-7 series, which created quantitative indicators on business regulations for 6 Pakistani cities. Doing Business in Pakistan 2010 documents progress in the previously measured cities and extends the analysis to a total of 13 cities. Comparisons with Karachi and the rest of the world are based on the indicators in Doing Business in 2010: reforming through difficult times, the seventh in a series of annual reports published by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. The indicators in Doing Business in Pakistan 2010 are also comparable with the data in other subnational Doing Business reports. Doing Business investigates the ways in which government regulations enhance or restrain business activity. The cities covered in Doing Business in Pakistan 2010 were selected jointly with Pakistan's Ministry of Finance and are the following: Faisalabad (Punjab), Gujranwala (Punjab), Hyderabad (Sindh), Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory, or ICT), Karachi (Sindh), Lahore (Punjab), Multan (Punjab), Peshawar (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Quetta (Balochistan)...

La logique d’action de l’acteur patronal organisé au Québec : le cas des associations provinciales

Baghdjian, Fanny
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
Cette recherche apporte un éclairage nouveau sur les associations patronales au Québec, tout en contribuant au développement d’outils théoriques qui pourront être mis à profit lors de recherches ultérieures. Les associations patronales québécoises se dédient à la défense des intérêts collectifs de leurs membres, déterminés en fonction de certaines valeurs caractéristiques du libéralisme économique. Les membres exercent pour leur part une influence sur l'agenda stratégique de leur association. Aussi, la perception que les acteurs patronaux ont d’eux-mêmes varie en fonction de la provenance des fonds dont ils disposent et leur indépendance économique est perçue comme un gage de légitimité. De plus, le type de stratégies pour lequel optent les associations patronales est influencé par le niveau géo-économique auquel se déroulent leurs activités. Enfin, les associations patronales mettent en place des innovations institutionnelles afin de renouveler des processus devenus désuets et ce, grâce aux ressources de pouvoir dont elles disposent. Plusieurs éléments déterminent les moyens mis en œuvre par les associations patronales pour influencer les politiques publiques, les relations du travail et les institutions du marché du travail. L'État est d’ailleurs la cible première de leurs actions et ce...

Business associations and the politics of contained participation in Vietnam

Nguyen, T.P.
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
The development of the private sector in Vietnam since the mid-1990s has accompanied the emergence of organised business interests, which is recognised as vital to pursuing the agenda of economic modernisation. This article aims to explore the significance of the interactions between the state and business associations representing small-and-medium enterprises. It demonstrates that business associations have transformed state–business relations in a way that is distinguishable from state corporatism or societal pluralism. The analysis examines the interplay between state actors and emerging non-state entities, and the deliberative capacity of intermediary organisations in the policy-making process, specifically through the Vietnam Association of Small and Medium Enterprises. It is argued that this process constitutes a new mode of political participation that reflects the entanglement of the state and private capital interests. It reveals features of contained participation and contributes to the research agenda on deliberative and governance practices in post-socialist transitional economies.; Tu Phuong Nguyen