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E-business maturity and information technology in Portuguese SMEs

Gonçalves, Ramiro; Santos, Sónia Sousa; Morais, Elisabete Paulo
Fonte: International Business Information Management Association Publicador: International Business Information Management Association
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
The latest technological advances made over recent times led to a profound market change, characterized by increased competition. In order to be competitive, organizations have been forced to adapt themselves to this new reality, seeking innovative solutions permitting them to achieve lower costs, greater productivity and differentiation from competition. This work focuses the e-business maturity stages of Portuguese small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Our goal is to identify in which e-business maturity stage they are and explore the relationship between their e-business maturity and the technology they use.

Electronic business maturity in Portuguese SME and large enterprises

Morais, Elisabete Paulo; Santos, Sónia Sousa; Gonçalves, Ramiro
Fonte: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA) Publicador: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Technological advance over the last decades created an atmosphere in which the organizations are forced to look actively for new options for cost reduction, in addition to, simultaneously, seek advantages to compete more effectively in their markets. This context requires focused, swift, more flexible and more competitive organizations which must, many times, implement radical changes, in the way they conduct business, employ people and use technology. This work focuses the e-business maturity stages of Portuguese SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises) and large enterprises. Our goal is to identify in which e-business maturity stage they are and explore the relationship between their e-business maturity and the associated constrains to ebusiness evolution (previously identified in an exploratory study).

Business creation in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina
Fonte: MIBES - Management of International Business and Economic Systems Publicador: MIBES - Management of International Business and Economic Systems
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.54%
Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, the methodology and definitions of the Eurostat/OECD´s “Manual on Business Demography Statistics”. This allows us to address entrepreneurship indicators comparability issues and exploit complementarities to support entrepreneurship patterns and trends previously identified by other national and international sources. We highlight the importance of considering information other than business registries, in particular when calculating business entry rates. Datasets where economically active units can be identified provide a better proxy for the true level of business creation and activity in Portugal.

Business demography dynamics in Portugal: a non-parametric survival analysis

Nunes, Alcina; Sarmento, Elsa
Fonte: Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb Publicador: Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Indexing/abstracting: EconLit, ProQuest, EBSCO; We address the post-entry performance of new Portuguese firms by investigating the structural characteristics of the hazard and survival functions, using non-parametric survival analysis. In order to approach prevalence of some stylized facts and determinants of new firm survival, we produced a new entrepreneurship database, using the administrative data of Quadros de Pessoal, following the Eurostat/OECD´s internationally comparable business demography methodology. This allowed the computation of a comprehensive array of entrepreneurship indicators on employer enterprise and survival dynamics in Portugal, over a period of 18 years, disaggregated in dimensions such as sectors, regions and size classes.

Is the international business environment the actual context of IB research?

Ferreira, Manuel Portugal; Li, Dan; Guisinger, Stephen
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria. globADVANTAGE - Center of Research in International Business & Strategy Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria. globADVANTAGE - Center of Research in International Business & Strategy
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em /08/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
The International Business Environment (IBE) is argued to be the essential context for international business (IB) studies and the distinguishing factor from other management studies, and from studies of large scale enterprises. In this paper we argue for a greater environmental focus and illustrate how and how much the IBE has been included in published IB research. While extant research has often taken a uni-dimensional view, which has been mostly anchored in the cultural environment, we suggest that: (a) there is a need to developed more uni-and multi-dimensional environmental constructs, (b) a more holistic view of the IBE provides richer insights on the actual complexity that underlies IB research. Future conceptual and empirical studies that provide more comprehensive models of the IBE that overcome the usual "everything out there" are warranted.

The organizational competences model : a contribution for business-IT alignment

Malta, Pedro Maia; Sousa, Rui Dinis
Fonte: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA) Publicador: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
Business-IT alignment has consistently ranked in the top five IT management concerns for almost a decade now. Despite a considerable research since the 90s, business-IT alignment still remains a challenge even more in turbulent organizational environments requiring business strategy to be more frequently examined and changed. We need effective ways to achieve and sustain alignment between the information systems and technology strategy and the business strategy so organizations become more flexible and agile. Enterprise architecture may be one of those effective ways particularly when developed under a business process management approach. Looking into a consulting practice that has adopted such approach, this research highlights the role of one particular model, the organizational competences model, in the clarification of the strategy and in the development of the enterprise architecture for a wine regulatory commission, the organization that was used as a case study.

Small business issues and priorities

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on Small Business
Fonte: U.S. G.P.O.; U.S. G.P.O. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. G.P.O.; U.S. G.P.O. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
(Additional Physical Form) Vols. for <1985-> distributed to some depository libraries in microfiche.; CIS Microfiche Accession Numbers: CIS 87 S722-2, CIS 85 S722-2, CIS 83 S722-2, CIS 81 S722-1, CIS 79 S722-7, CIS 78 S722-6, CIS 77 S722-3; At head of title, <1978->: Committee print.; Previously classed: Y 4.Sm 1/2:Sm 1/14/; Description based on: 1983.; Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from Congressional Information Service, Inc.; Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from LexisNexis Academic & Library Solutions.; Monthly Catalog Number: gp 87013504; (Statement of Responsibility) by staff members of the Committee on Small Business, United States Senate with representatives of small business organizations

Business Culture Issues in Vietnam: Case Studies

Do, Thien; Quilty, Mary; Milner, Anthony; Longstaff, Simon
Fonte: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU Publicador: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
What practical issues can arise when doing business in Vietnam? How is Vietnam adapting to the demands of the market economy? In particular, how does a knowledge of Vietnamese business culture, and history, help to clear up misunderstandings – especially involving relations between foreign business people and representatives from Vietnamese business and government? Does the Vietnamese experience have a broader value in the Asian region, where numerous different societies have been seeking a way to engage vigorously in international commerce – yet without losing touch with their own ethical foundations? ... ¶ This volume presents case study material relating to business in Vietnam. It outlines real issues and problems that have arisen – and then seeks to provide a cultural and historical context in which to understand them, and perhaps even solve them.; The research was undertaken in a cooperative project between Australian National University researchers and the St. James Ethics Centre, and received funding from the Australian Research Council. The St. James Ethics Centre helped to establish both the directions of the Project and a most valuable cooperative arrangement with the Vietnamese Ministry of Trade in Hanoi.; no

Increasing the Department of the Navy’s Opportunities for Small Business and Non-Traditional Suppliers through Simplified Acquisitions Contracting and NAICS Targeting

Kidalov, Max V.; Lee, Jennifer L.; Kidalov, Max V.; Lee, Jennifer L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This is a revised version.; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This is a revised version.; The Department of the Navy’s (DON’s) total acquisition workforce, including the 1105 Purchasing Agent series and the 1102 Contract Specialist series, is directed to maximize contract awards to small and nontraditional suppliers by the terms of the Small Business Act and the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), as well as Presidential, Department of Defense (DOD), and DON initiatives such as Better Buying Power (BBP). This direction is particularly strong with regards to low-dollar awards. The Federal Acquisitions Regulation (FAR) Part 13 Simplified Acquisitions Procedures (SAP) was designed to be a highly effective tool that can overcome contracting barriers for non-traditional and small business suppliers. Through the Small Business Reservation (SBR), Congress directed agencies to automatically attempt small business set-asides of contract awards below the Simplified Acquisitions Threshold (SAT) of $150,000.00. The Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 recently authorized discretionary set-asides on task and delivery orders under FAR Subparts 8.4 and 16.5. However, there are concerns that SAT contracts are often benefitting large firms across various North American Industrial Category System (NAICS) categories. The DOD’s preferred MAXPRAC model is unsuitable for solving this apparent problem. This Report examines barriers...

Business Plan for the JABEZ Records

Rhone, David; Kalosakas, Dimitrios; Karakasis, Anastasios; Morris, Evangelo; Mousonis, Konstantinos
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 51 p. : col. ill., map; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The purpose of this MBA Project was to provide a formal business plan for JABEZ Records of Vallejo, California. This project was conducted with the sponsorship and assistance of Cal- Precisions General Contractors, a residential and commercial general construction and contracting company of Vallejo, California. Special assistance was from Mr. Learinza Morris, the Chief Executive Officer of JABEZ Records and Mr. Eugene Cole, part owner and singing artist of JABEZ Records. The primary objectives of this project were to identify and document the specifics of the market for the business; analyze the company's organizational structure; and analyze and document JABEZ Records' financial activity. The ultimate goal for the business plan was to provide investors with a formal document that would put into plain words, the structure, creditability, vision, and justifiable financial requirements of JABEZ Records.; Lieutenant Commander, Hellenic Navy; Lieutenant Commander, Hellenic Navy; Lieutenant Commander, Hellenic Navy; Lieutenant, United States Navy; Lieutenant, United States Navy; Lieutenant Commander...

Marketing the joint Naval Postgraduate School of Business and Public Policy and University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business, defense focused Masters in Business Administration to active duty military officers; Marketing the joint Naval Postgraduate School of Business and Public Policy and University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business, defense focused Masters in Business Administration to active duty military officers

McGowan, Dennis M.; McGowan, Dennis M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Thesis; Thesis Formato: xiv, 69 p. : col. ill., col. maps; xiv, 69 p. : col. ill., col. maps
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; In April 2001, the Naval Postgraduate School's Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (NPS GSBPP), and the University of Maryland (UMD), Robert H. Smith School of Business embarked on a joint venture to provide a defense focused Masters in Business Administration (MBA) to military service members and Department of Defense (DoD) civilians living in the metropolitan Washington, D.C., area. This program is commonly called the Joint MBA (JMBA). Through market research; Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threat Analysis; analysis of consumer buying; behavior and consideration of product life cycle; this marketing plan establishes an overarching marketing strategy for the JMBA. The strategy includes a product mission, marketing objectives, positioning, communication channels, the JMBA message and a description of managing the JMBA marketing process.; In April 2001, the Naval Postgraduate School's Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (NPS GSBPP), and the University of Maryland (UMD), Robert H. Smith School of Business embarked on a joint venture to provide a defense focused Masters in Business Administration (MBA) to military service members and Department of Defense (DoD) civilians living in the metropolitan Washington...

Supply and demand for business education in naval aviation

Gray, Obra L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 49 p. : col. ill.; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.58%
MBA Professional Report; In light of the Navy's transformation plan, advanced business education is increasing in importance. As part of the Navy's Sea Power 21 strategy, Sea Enterprise encourages Naval Aviation to steer historical management practices towards better business practices. As pilots and Naval Flight Officers evolve from Mission Commander to Commanding Officer, they must be equipped with requisite business skill sets to engage the challenge of balancing aircraft modernization with current readiness. This project analyzes the supply and demand for postgraduate business education to determine how prepared Naval Aviation is to achieve long-term transformation objectives. The results show that 25 percent of all aviation officers (O-1 to O- 6) have a graduate business degree; 17 percent of Commanding Officers with advanced degrees have a business specialization; and 2.5 percent of aviation officer billets require a postgraduate business degree. Recommendations to better prepare the aviation community for the Sea Enterprise environment include: (1) Early emphasis of graduate business education, (2) Promote advanced business education as a major career milestone, (3) Tie first shore tour assignments to graduate business education...

The impact of perceptions of journal quality on business and management communication academics

Rogers, Priscilla S.; Campbell, Nittaya; Louhiala-Salminen, Leena; Rentz, Kathy; Suchan, Jim
Fonte: Association for Business Communication Publicador: Association for Business Communication
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
The article of record as published may be found at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021943607306138; This commentary describes and critiques criteria that, according to results from an Association for Business Communication (ABC) member survey, are having an impact on quality judgments about our journals. ABC members rank the Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, as top research and pedaogical jounals in business/managment communications, a finding corroborated by a larger study of acadmics in business and technical communication. However, the growing importance of citation counts and journal rankings currently disadavantages our journals, presenting us with professional obligation and personal dilemmas in relation to them. The authors' purpose is to raise awareness of the various determinants of perceptions of journal quality, to explore the communal views of ABC members on this issue, and to seek ways of enhancing the value of business/management communication research in the academic marketplace.

The Defense small business innovation research and small business technology transfer programs: implementation of the commercialization pilot program and related reforms

Hettinger, Kevin R.; Gonzalez, Mario
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 94 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
Joint Applied Project; In Section 252 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 2006, "Research and Developments Efforts for purposes of Small Business Research," Congress adopted four wide-ranging reforms to the Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs in order to increase the effectiveness of SBIR and STTR for both the DoD and the defense industry. First, Section 252 directed closer alignment between RandD and acquisition goals of SBIR and STTR. Second, Section 252 authorized and funded creation by the Defense (DoD) and the military services of the Commercialization Pilot Program (CPP) to facilitate transition of SBIR technologies into the acquisition process. Congress conditioned the use of CPP funds on detailed evaluative reporting to Congress. Third, Congress codified into statutory law President George W. Bush's Executive Order 13329, Encouraging Innovation in Manufacturing, which incentivized manufacturing technologies through the SBIR and STTR programs. Fourth, Congress clarified the authority to conduct testing and evaluation of SBIR and STTR technologies in SBIR and STTR Phases II and III. The implementation requirements were specified in the text of Section 252 and the Congressional Guidance Letter issued by the House and the Senate Small Business Committees. This study analyzes the implementation of Section 252 by the Secretaries of Defense...

Defense Strategic and Business case analyses for commercial products in secure mobile computing

O'Neal, Matthew R.; Dixon, Joshua S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 182 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
MBA Professional Report; The Defense (DoD) lags behind commercial entities in terms of adopting mobile computing technologies. Commercial smartphones offer scalable solutions to meet requirements ranging from business functions to tactical operations; however, these solutions require considerations beyond those applicable to the commercial sector. This research identifies whether potential solutions may contribute to three objectives: 1) reduce the DoD's currently high device and service costs; 2) increase the DoD's smartphone functionality; 3) maintain or increase the level of security functionality available in commercial devices for DoD. A strategic analysis of the commercial mobile communications industry highlights the business drivers and motivations of industry participants. This information is used to identify the DoD's strategic options, which, in turn, serve as the basis of business cases for adopting future smartphone capabilities. Business case analyses compare proposed cost models with the cost models for current smartphone implementations. Results indicate growing strategic opportunities for the DoD to acquire more economical commercial handsets and more flexible network services. The business cases may potentially save billions of dollars over seven years-i.e....

Microfinance and Business Development Service Linkages: Synergies for Micro and Small Enterprise Development in Kenya

Musyoki, Nzilu
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
Microfinance, the delivery of microcredit to low income people, is a popular development approach among governments in both the developing and developed world. The approach encourages mainly the poor to pursue self-employment by creating micro and small enterprises. Most microfinance institutions, the main providers of microcredit in developing countries, are seemingly taking a minimalist approach in their operations. Against this background it is feared that provision of business development services (BDS) to owner managers of micro and small enterprises is likely to be reduced or neglected. Previous attempts to evaluate the association of microfinance practices with the performance of poor people's micro and small enterprises have resulted in mixed results with little theoretical underpinning. Within the context of the current poverty reduction discourse, this study investigates the association of microcredit and concurrent provision of business development services with micro and small enterprise performance in a developing country. The key question investigated is whether, given access to microcredit, there is a difference in owner-managers' self-assessed performance of their micro and small enterprises contingent on receipt of business development services. This thesis employs two relational conceptions...

New business formation: an important element of Ireland's rapid growth experience?

Anyadike-Danes, Michael; Lenihan, Helena; Hart, Mark
Fonte: Centre for Business Research at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge Publicador: Centre for Business Research at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
peer-reviewed; The extraordinary growth of the Irish economy - the ‘Celtic Tiger’ - since the mid-1990s has attracted a great deal of interest, commentary and research. Indeed, many countries are now looking to Ireland as an economic development role model, and The Sapir Report (2003) has suggested that Ireland should be seen as providing key lessons for other EU countries with regards to realising the objectives set out in the Lisbon Agenda. Much of the discussion of Ireland’s growth has focussed around growth triggers such as: the long term consequences of fiscal stabilisation of the late 1980s; EU structural funds; education; wage moderation; devaluations of the Irish punt. From an industrial policy perspective, the focus has been on the importance of FDI inflows and to a lesser extent on the performance of an indigenous stock of firms to Ireland’s growth record. A notable absence from the industrial policy discourse on the ‘Celtic Tiger’ has been any consideration of the role of new business venture creation and entrepreneurship. In this paper we use unpublished annual Irish VAT data for the period 1988-2004 to provide the first detailed look at national and regional trends in business birth and death rates in Ireland. We also undertake a sub-national analysis of the Irish VAT data to understand more clearly the importance of new venture creation to past and emerging spatial trends in Ireland. Our conclusion is that new business formation made no detectable contribution to the acceleration of Ireland’s growth in the late 1990s.

Composition of small and large firms' business networks in transition economies

Ferreira, Manuel Portugal; Li, Dan; Serra, Fernando Ribeiro
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria. globADVANTAGE - Center of Research in International Business & Strategy Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria. globADVANTAGE - Center of Research in International Business & Strategy
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em /07/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
Recent research has theorized on the composition of firms' business networks but has not empirically examined business networks in transition economies may vary for different firms. In this study, using firm level data from twenty six transition economies collected by the World Bank and the EBRD in 1999-2000, we conduct a set of logistic regression models to investigate the composition of small and large firms' business networks. The results show that, in contrast to smaller firms, larger firms are more likely to have formal business relationships, and relationships with national and foreign financial institutions, government, and foreign firms. In addition, in a subgroup analysis of seven transition economies we show that the composition of the firms' business networks varies substantially across countries but that the government is still a dominant client. Furthermore, we found a large variation on firms' reliance on informal ties and the extent to which firms exchange with foreign firms.

Adaptation to the international business environment: a resource advantage perspective; Adaptação para o ambiente de negócios internacionais: uma perspectiva da vantagem dos recursos

Ferreira, Manuel Portugal; Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão - Instituto Politécnico - Leiria - PT; Serra, Fernando Antonio Ribeiro; UNISUL - Florianópolis - SC; Li, Dan; Kelley School of Business Indiana University - Indiana - USA
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/11/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
This paper discusses the importance of the adaptation of the firm to the International Business Environment. Using concepts from the literature on resource advantage, is posit that the firms’ adaptation capability to different International Business Environments is a valuable, difficult to imitate, non-tradeable, rare but not scarce and path dependent resource. We further suggest that adaptation to International Business Environment is a non-substitutable core source of competitive advantage for the multinational enterprises, developed over time through the firms experiences and built into their routines. In line with this argument, some propositions are formulated. We conclude with a broad discussion and suggesting some avenues for future research.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8069.2008v5n10p11Este trabalho discute a importância da adaptação da empresa ao ambiente de negócio Internacional. Utilizando conceitos da literatura em vantagem de recursos, é colocado que a capacitação de adaptação das empresas a diferentes ambientes de negócios internacionais é um recurso valioso, difícil de imitar, não comercializável, raro, mas não escasso e, dependente do caminho. Sugerimos adicionalmente, que a adaptação ao ambiente de negócio Internacional...

Business schools: still in the dark during the ‘Age of enlightenment’

Genderen,Eric Van
Fonte: ISCTE-IUL Business School Publicador: ISCTE-IUL Business School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
With the establishment of emotional intelligence (EI) and EI testing, psychology has offered the business world a powerful and invaluable tool capable of predicting success in the workplace. The most progressive organizations are already employing such tests in their HR selection/promotion processes. The business school industry maintains a vital interface with the various industry sectors, providing companies with their ‘senior executives of the future’. However, even given the highly competitive environment in which business schools operate; attracting top MBA candidates, and later placing their graduates with prestigious companies, they continue utilizing an outdated, IQ-based, standardized test (the GMAT) as a critical, and often times deciding criterion within their graduate selection processes. The recognized limitations of IQ, as well as its failure to predict professional success, remain a catalyst for the popularization of EI. The author proposes that, in conjunction with top recruiting organizations, business schools initiate an EI-based ‘soft skills’ admission test that would compliment, or even subsume the existing Graduate Management Admission Test.