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As políticas brasileiras para a faixa de fronteira : um olhar a partir das relações internacionais; Brazilian policies for the border area : a view from international relations

Marcio Augusto Scherma
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.02%
As fronteiras são regiões geográficas que se distinguem das demais especialmente devido ao fato de que nelas, as interações internacionais são uma realidade cotidiana. Essa interação comporta fluxos de pessoas, mercadorias, recursos financeiros, culturais, dentre outros, podendo ter impacto positivo ou negativo para os países, dependendo do investimento e atuação de ambos na região. O Brasil é o maior país da América do Sul, apresentando 15.719km de fronteiras terrestres com nove países mais a Guiana francesa. A "faixa de fronteira" brasileira abarca 11 Unidades da Federação, 588 municípios e mais de 10 milhões de habitantes. A extensão de suas fronteiras e o número de países com os quais faz divisa conferem à região papel central na integração regional com os vizinhos sul-americanos e também no desenvolvimento do país. Apesar dessa importância, o tema foi até hoje pouco explorado no país sob o enfoque das relações internacionais. O tratamento dado na academia foi eminentemente de caráter geográfico ou geopolítico, abordando a questão das fronteiras eminentemente do ponto de vista estratégico-militar, com maior foco em temas relativos à segurança nacional e defesa da soberania. Esta tese pretende explorar o tema das fronteiras brasileiras do ponto de vista das relações internacionais ¿ notadamente...

External borders and strongly open sets

van den Berg, Imme
Fonte: Hermann, Paris Publicador: Hermann, Paris
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
External sets, in particular neutrices, were proposed as nonstandard mathematical models of vagueness. We introduce sets with external borders, characterized by the fact that the time spent within the set by paths leaving them ("border-crossings") is necessarily an external set. We show that sets with external borders are open. Sets are called strongly open if they are stable by balls of some fixed non-zero radius. In standard d-dimensional space they are stable by translation over a d-decomposable neutrix, i.e. a direct sum of d neutrices of R. Such sets clearly have external borders. A converse holds for precompact external sets with lowest complexity (unions or intersections of a family of internal sets indexed by the standard elements of a standard set).

Introduction: crossing african borders – migration and mobility

Rodrigues, Cristina Udelsmann
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em 06/02/2013 ENG
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This publication is one of the results of a conference organised in Lisbon in 2011 on the theme of African borders and their relationships with migration and mobility. The selected papers are a sample of the diverse perspectives on the general theme presented at the meeting. Other written contributions were presented at the event and summaries of them can be found online.

Effects of Vegetated Field Borders on Arthropods in Cotton Fields in Eastern North Carolina

Outward, Randy; Sorenson, Clyde E.; Bradley, J. R.
Fonte: University of Wisconsin Library Publicador: University of Wisconsin Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/02/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The influence, if any, of 5m wide, feral, herbaceous field borders on pest and beneficial arthropods in commercial cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (L.) (Malvales: Malvaceae), fields was measured through a variety of sampling techniques over three years. In each year, 5 fields with managed, feral vegetation borders and five fields without such borders were examined. Sampling was stratified from the field border or edge in each field in an attempt to elucidate any edge effects that might have occurred. Early season thrips populations appeared to be unaffected by the presence of a border. Pitfall sampling disclosed no differences in ground-dwelling predaceous arthropods but did detect increased populations of crickets around fields with borders. Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations were too low during the study to adequately assess border effects. Heliothines, Heliothis virescens (F.) and Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), egg numbers and damage rates were largely unaffected by the presence or absence of a border, although in one instance egg numbers were significantly lower in fields with borders. Overall, foliage-dwelling predaceous arthropods were somewhat more abundant in fields with borders than in fields without borders. Tarnished plant bugs...

Moving Beyond Borders: Freedom of Movement in and between States

Tivig, Andrea
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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Freedom of movement is a matter of individual freedom rather than only a tool for addressing global distributive injustice. Freedom of movement has normative value whether or not it concerns interstate borders. Migration, in the sense of interstate relocation, is a subcategory of movement, which can involve travel, temporary relocation or permanent relocation--a brief walk, or a move halfway around the world. My argument about freedom of movement has two essential elements: first, that freedom of movement has noninstrumental value, not only instrumental value, and that it deserves more weight and attention than liberals usually give it; and second, I justify this and its implications by emphasizing the cross-scalar connections between local and global movement and showing that the difference between internal and interstate movement is not as significant as is usually assumed to be. Freedom of movement is proposed as a unit of concern and a matter of degree, with principles and restrictions functioning in parallel at both levels. The cohesive account of liberal freedom of movement offers the chance to think about people moving and staying as one overarching category. This challenges the characterization of migration as anomalous and captures the chance to treat like cases alike. Chapter Two makes an argument for freedom of movement as a noninstrumental liberal value to which the normative weight of the instrumental value of freedom of movement is added. Chapter Three explores small-scale movement in the countryside and the city and proposes a stronger valuation of freedom of movement particularly vis-à-vis private property rights. Chapter Four considers theoretical and legal arguments involving intrafederal movement in the United States and Germany and compares intrafederal exit to exit from the state. Chapter Five considers several free movement regimes in Europe to draw out the similarities between interstate...

From shifting borders towards liminal boundaries:The nomadic capture of morphing contouring spaces in the artwork and lives of some expatriated former Yugoslavian artists and writers; Unterschiedliche Wahrnehmungen des Sinnes der Grenze und der Liminalität: Von nomadischen ausgewanderten Schriftstellern und Künstlern auf dem Balkan

Sardzoska, Natasa
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
The research that Mrs Sardzoska has undertaken explores features of cultural nomadic migrations, comprising nomadic expatriated writers and artists in the Balkans following the last war in former Yugoslavia and the anthropological approach to their diversified perceptions of the meaning of a border, and so the liminality, in the cultural, political, sociological and empirical context. She argues the impact that the dissolution of the borders has had on the artworks and lives of these expatriated, exiled and self-exiled artists and writers. The corpus of her research compiles case studies and field research with border inhabitants and artists thinking the border (its creation and rupture), the geopolitical implications and the lives of persons. She is focusing on those aspects of nomadic production that arise from the corruption of the border. Therefore, she proposes a series of productive and creative meanings of the border itself such as nomadic capture of spaces, inhabiting the mobility and refusal of domestication. From this logic, the nomadic is especially present when dealing with cultural encounters within a large scale of borders and the possible perceptions of notions of nation, ethnicity, affiliation and identification in Europe. In this sense...

Fragmented borders, interdependence and external relations : the Israel-Palestine-European Union triangle

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.95%
This edited volume investigates the complex relations between Israel, the Palestinian territories and the European Union. They are considered as three entities that are linked to each other through various policies, bonds and borders, with relations between any two of the three parties affecting the other side. The contributors to this study explore different aspects of Israeli-Palestinian-European Union interconnectedness, including security cooperation; the movement of people; trade relations; information and telecommunication technology; legal borders defining different areas of jurisdiction; and normative borders in the context of conflict resolution and international law. By assessing the rules and practices that establish a web of interlocking functional and legal borders across this space, together with their implications, this volume adopts a novel perspective and sheds light on the complex patterns of interdependence and power asymmetries that exist across these fragmented borderlands.; -- Acknowledgements, pages ix–x -- Notes on Contributors, pages xi–xii -- Part I. Theoretical Framework, pages 1–2 -- Part II. Security, Sovereignty and People, pages 25–26 -- Part III. Economic Borders and Infrastructure, pages 65–66 -- Part IV. Legal and Normative Borders...

Crossing the Borders: An Eco-cinecritical Analysis of Plant Wars and Bird Without Borders

Li, Hsiao-Ching
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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Este artículo trata sobre dos películas orientadas a la naturaleza desde la perspectiva de la cinecrítica ecológica, una crítica cinematográfica con conciencia ecológica. Plant Wars, producida por PTS Taiwan, cuestiona la barrera que existe entre plantas nativas y plantas exóticas, así como entre plantas y humanos, para poder reclasificar las especies que se encuentran entre estas demarcaciones. El método narrativo que utiliza consiste en presentar 14 plantas nativas como protagonistas, y pone de manifiesto su relación con los nativos, los granjeros, los colmeneros y con otras especies de insectos. Bird Without Borders, también producido por PTS, cuenta la historia del viaje migratorio de un grupo de espátulas menores (Platalea minor) (black-faced spoonbills) que vuelan 16.000 kilómetros desde Tainan, Taiwán, pasando por Japón, a lo largo de la costa de Corea del Sur y Corea del Norte, hasta una remota isla de China para buscar alimento, y su vuelta a Taiwán para pasar el invierno. Bird muestra diferentes niveles de cruce de fronteras. Estas dos producciones PTS son similares en cuanto a la búsqueda de cruces de frontera para redefinir lo que significa frontera o límite: Plant cuestiona la categorización biológica de las plantas nativas y las exóticas...

Building Borders: The regulatory framework for the management of the external borders of the European Union

RIJPMA, Jorrit J.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.02%
Defense date: 23/11/2009; Examining board: Marise Cremona (EUI, Supervisor), Bruno de Witte (EUI), Jörg Monar (College of Europe), Steve Peers (University of Essex); This thesis, starting from the premise that territorial borders retain their importance in public international law, examines in detail the EU's regulatory framework for the management of its external borders. It will argue that there are in fact two sets of external borders: those of the area in which the rules on the free movement of persons apply, and those of the Schengen area. The border crossing rights under the two corresponding sets of rules will be examined in detail. The focus will then shift to the broader Schengen rules for the management of the external borders. The thesis will discuss the rationale of the EU's interest in borders, the legislative acquis adopted, and the relation between legislation and executive action. An elaborate discussion on the organisation and functioning of the "European Border Agency" (Frontex) serves to illustrate the importance of operational cooperation in this area. A final chapter will look at the external dimension of this policy field. A distinction is made between the relations with third countries for the purpose of managing the external borders and the exportation of Community standards. Also in the external sphere...

SURVEILLANCE, SUBJECTIVITY AND RESISTANCE AT THE FRONTIERS OF EUROPE: A MATERIALIST ANALYSIS OF THE GREECE-TURKEY BORDERS

Topak, Ozgun E
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
The Greece-Turkey borders have become one of the main points of undocumented entry into the European Union since 2009. The borders operate through complex elements: historical processes that shape their structure, ideologies that legitimize their violent existence, techniques and technologies that allow them to be practiced over migrants, and migrants complying with or resisting these structures, ideologies, techniques, and technologies. In order to provide a comprehensive analysis of these complex elements of the border, this dissertation critically engages with Althusser’s aleatory materialism, Foucault’s analytics of power and other complementary theories, and it analyzes the four aspects of the border in individual chapters. 1. Structural-decentred aspects of the border: The dissertation analyzes the historical material processes of colonialism and racism and the contemporary material processes of neoliberal globalization and post-politics that enable the EU borders to function as a decentred totality and to exclude certain peoples and not others. 2. Practical aspects of the border: The dissertation analyzes how the border operates in practice with specific surveillance technologies (such as radar systems and EUROSUR mechanisms at the borderzones) and techniques (such as everyday racist violence in urban contexts) that produce specific biopolitical effects on migrants. 3. Subjective aspects of the border: The dissertation analyzes how migrants develop diverse subjectivities when confronted by the border’s material violence...

Borders and the Exclusion of Migrant Bodies in Singapore's Global City-state

Baey, Grace H.Y.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Feminist geographic debates have drawn attention to the multi-scalar role of borders as processes of social differentiation that are reproduced and inscribed on the bodies of migrant workers in everyday life. This thesis explores these questions in the context of Singapore’s global city-state where the increasing visibility of low-wage foreign workers in local residential areas has become a subject of tense neighbourhood frictions that frequently bring borders into sharp relief. Using the case-study of a recent public furore surrounding the proposed location of a foreign worker dormitory in Serangoon Gardens, one of Singapore's well-known middle-class estates, it examines the ways that migrant exclusions in local residential areas are informed by border anxieties and practices that mark out the labouring bodies of foreign workers as alien and “out of place.” The Serangoon Gardens incident exhibited a moment of tension whereby gendered, racialised, and class-based meanings attached to specific forms of flexible labour (particularly foreign construction and domestic work) were inserted into wider debates about nation, community, and the socio-spatial preservation of middle-class identity and belonging. Insofar as Singapore’s growth remains undergirded by the systematic in-flow of low-wage foreign workers to service its infrastructural and social reproductive labour needs...

The Structure of Borders in a Small World

Thiemann, Christian; Theis, Fabian; Grady, Daniel; Brune, Rafael; Brockmann, Dirk
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
Territorial subdivisions and geographic borders are essential for understanding phenomena in sociology, political science, history, and economics. They influence the interregional flow of information and cross-border trade and affect the diffusion of innovation and technology. However, it is unclear if existing administrative subdivisions that typically evolved decades ago still reflect the most plausible organizational structure of today. The complexity of modern human communication, the ease of long-distance movement, and increased interaction across political borders complicate the operational definition and assessment of geographic borders that optimally reflect the multi-scale nature of today's human connectivity patterns. What border structures emerge directly from the interplay of scales in human interactions is an open question. Based on a massive proxy dataset, we analyze a multi-scale human mobility network and compute effective geographic borders inherent to human mobility patterns in the United States. We propose two computational techniques for extracting these borders and for quantifying their strength. We find that effective borders only partially overlap with existing administrative borders, and show that some of the strongest mobility borders exist in unexpected regions. We show that the observed structures cannot be generated by gravity models for human traffic. Finally...

'Índios fronteiriços' : a política indigenista de fronteira e políticas indígenas na Província de Mato Grosso entre a Bolívia e o Paraguai (1837-1873)

Almeida, Marli Auxiliadora de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.95%
Nesta tese, abordam-se as relações sociais e interétnicas construídas, durante o século XIX, entre os grupos indígenas Bororo Ocidentais e Guaná e as autoridades governamentais, líderes religiosos e proprietários de terras, na área de fronteira do Império brasileiro localizada na província de Mato Grosso com as repúblicas sul-americanas da Bolívia e o do Paraguai. Objetiva-se conhecer e demonstrar a criação e o funcionamento da política indigenista de fronteira, através de aldeamentos, elaborada e desenvolvida, à época, pelos presidentes da província para subsidiar o projeto geopolítico imperial de expansão territorial implementado nas regiões platinas em litígio. Essa política é marcada pela heterogeneidade do tratamento dispensado aos índios, considerando-se “mansos” os habitantes dos espaços de colonização antiga e já contatados e “bravos”, portanto o alvo das ações indigenistas de catequese e civilização, os habitantes das regiões da fronteira em expansão. A partir dessa categorização, instaura-se, nas regiões a oeste e ao sul da província de Mato Grosso, entre os anos de 1837 a 1873, a política indígena de fronteira criando-se aldeamentos para a fixação dos índios Bororo e Guaná...

Crossing borders: identity and culture in translation in Joan Margarit’s bilingual poetry

Cullell, Diana
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Joan Margarit (Sanaüja, 1938) is arguably one of the best well-known contemporary poets from Catalonia. Margarit started his literary career in Spanish, then moved on to Catalan, and finally published self-translated bilingual editions of his work. He has been successful in navigating the problematic linguistic and cultural borders that divide Catalan and Spanish literary fields, and his poetic publications are highly acclaimed across both spaces. This article considers issues of literary translation, cultural identity, prestige and the influence of aesthetic trends as elements that permitted Margarit such a successful transition from one literary space to the other. Ultimately, the article will also offer some considerations on what this poetry represents for Catalan—and also for Spanish—literary traditions within the context of border cultures, by focusing on the political, literary and cultural complexities that surround them.

Enclaves, borders, and everyday movements: Palestinian marginal mobility in East Jerusalem

Baumann, Hanna
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2015.10.012; Jerusalem might be considered an enclave city par excellence: Israeli settlements in the Palestinian east of the city enjoy higher levels of services and are connected through infrastructures that immobilise those in Palestinian neighbourhoods. At the same time, Palestinian neighbourhoods have become exclaves of the city since the construction of the Separation Barrier. Beyond the top-down view of ethnically-based residential segregation, however, attention to quotidian movements reveals the practices through which the borders of enclaves are undermined and reinforced. Palestinians move through and into exclusively Jewish spaces, strategically making use of their amenities, while utilising the spatial autonomy of marginalised Palestinian areas. As borders are reinforced from above and below in times of political tension, they also attempt to disrupt Israeli intrusions into their enclaves. By showing how the quotidian practices of marginalised residents continually undermine and re-make intra-urban borders, the mobility-based perspective adds valuable nuances to the understanding of Jerusalem as an enclave city.; This article was written in the frame of my PhD research...

Ethics across borders: Incommensurability and affinity

Mair, Jonathan; Evans, Nicholas H. A.
Fonte: HAU Publicador: HAU
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
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This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from HAU via http://dx.doi.org/10.14318/hau5.2.013; This article takes what has always been a methodological and ethical question for anthropologists (how should we relate to others?) and turns it into an ethnographic one (how do those we study think ethically across borders?). We show that, paradoxically, anthropologists? commitment to their own forms of ethics across borders have frequently effaced alternative conceptions among the people we study, whilst the burgeoning field of the anthropology of ethics has reintroduced ideas of cultural boundedness and incommensurability into the anthropological canon. Moreover, within anthropology, a focus on either universal motivation or cultural relativism has obscured ethics across borders, which as a practice is premised on both the existence of ethical difference and the possibility of transcending it. In relation to an example taken from Evans? work on Ahmadi Muslims in India, we develop the idea that ethics across borders depends as much on the creative production and elaboration of incommensurable differencem - a process we call ?incommensuration? - as on the identification of affinities. As suggested by the collection this essay introduces...

Electing Citizens and Aliens: A Theology of Migration, Borders, and Belonging

Ashworth, Justin Parrish
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%

This work offers a theological reading of and response to migration restrictions in the United States of America, focusing on their instantiation in the U.S.-Mexico border and on the discourses and practices of citizenship and alienage that support these arrangements. Unlike most works in Christian immigration ethics, this work not only highlights the negative effects of migration policies, but also unearths the basic assumptions grounding these policies, all while displaying the racial and theological imaginaries grounding them.

The first part of this work argues that the assumption grounding all migration policies is “the preferential option for one’s own people,” that is, the view that citizens not only may but must prefer or prioritize the life of fellow citizens over that of non-citizens. The first chapter draws on French theorist Michel Foucault and decolonial intellectuals to offer a reading of three non-theological arguments for migration restrictions, namely, security, economics, and culture. In short, those who believe the U.S. must have migration restrictions believe that aliens may threaten the security, economy, and culture—in short, the life—of citizens. The second chapter interrogates theological arguments for national borders...

A question of borders

Boutote, Mary L.
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The purpose of this Thesis is to explore the use of borders. On one level, borders between countries and continents, both natural and man made, will be looked at. On another level, the actual physical borders of the paint and the paintings will be addressed. This exploration involves two main areas; inspiration and development, and process and techniques. Both of these areas contain unique issues which are equally important to the development of the Thesis. Within these main areas there are several specific categories of inquiry which I have addressed throughout my two years of study. Each category has contributed to the complete development of my ideas and artwork. My goals and direction have been changed and reworked several times due to the influences of these categories of inquiry. Throughout the entire process though, the main concept of "A Question of Borders" has remained as a very vital, expansive topic. The origin of the Thesis began at the end of my undergraduate studies. At that time I was working on large, figurative oil paintings.

As questões delimitativas do direito no Pluralismo Jurídico; The subjects on the borders of the right in the Legal Pluralism

Wolkmer, Antonio Carlos; UFSC; Albernaz, Renata Ovenhausen
Fonte: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux Publicador: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/09/2010 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2008v29n57p67Este artigo objetiva analisar a delimitação da juridicidade de acordo com as abordagens do Pluralismo Jurídico Emancipatório e Independente. A análise de tal delimitação foi feita através de quatro dimensões, quais sejam: (1) o da definição do direito diante da pluralidade de suas manifestações; (2) o da identificação das unidades sociais que podem ser consideradas como aptas a gerar um direito próprio; (3) o da delimitação, ou o da relação, do direito com as demais normas sociais; e (4) o da delimitação, entre si, das várias formas de juridicidade que coexistem. Para esta análise procedeu-se a um estudo revisionista sobre as principais obras de autores do Pluralismo Jurídico, clássicos ou contemporâneos, e sobre as soluções que estes autores propõem a tais dimensões delimitativas.; This paper aims at to analyze the problem of the delimitation of the right in agreement with the approaches of the Independent Legal Pluralism The analysis of this delimitation was made through four dimensions of borders, which are: (1) the definition of the right when there is diversity in their expressions; (2) the definition of the social groups able to generate right; (3) the separation between the right forms and the other forms of social control; and (4) the borders among the different rights of the different social groups. For this analysis...

Conservative libertarianism and the ethics of borders

Camacho,Enrique
Fonte: Universidad Panamericana, Facultad de Filosofía Publicador: Universidad Panamericana, Facultad de Filosofía
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Many conservatives endorse a defence of closed borders grounded in basic liberal rights such as the basic right of association. Some conservatives also endorse libertarian principles of legitimacy. It is not clear though that this sort of defence of closed borders is somehow coherent with these libertarian ideals. I argue that conservative libertarians of this kind must reject this defence of closed borders because either it collapses into a form of statism incoherent with libertarian principles of legitimacy, or into an ideal precept without appeal regarding reality in the here and now that could only be applied to changing the very nature of the societies we know. As a result, at least conservative libertarians need to find a different source of justification for closed borders.