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Comparison of methods to assess biofilm disinfection and recovery by drinking water-isolated bacteria

Simões, Lúcia C.; Simões, M.; Vieira, M. J.
Fonte: ICAR 2012 Publicador: ICAR 2012
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
Drinking water (DW) distribution systems are known to harbour biofilms even in the presence of disinfectants. DW biofilms are constituted by microbial communities adapted to low nutrient concentrations and high chlorine levels. Biofilm formation and resistance to disinfection have been recognized as important factors that contribute to the survival and persistence of microbial contamination in DW. The purpose of this work was the comparison of diverse methods to assess the disinfection of biofilms formed by six DW-isolated opportunistic bacteria (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Burkholderia cepacia, Methylobacterium sp., Mycobacterium mucogenicum, Sphingomonas capsulata and Staphylococcus sp.) by sodium hypochlorite (SHC). Single and multi-species biofilms (composed of combinations of 6 and 5 bacteria) were developed in 96- wells microtiter plates for 3 days, afterwards, were exposed to several independent SHC concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1 and 10 mg/L) during 1 h. The potential of biofilms to recover was assessed 24 h after disinfection. The disinfection efficacy and recovery were assessed in terms of variation in: biofilm mass (crystal violet staining); metabolic activity (XTT staining); cultivability (CFUs) and viability (Live/Dead staining). The results indicated that biomass removal increased with increasing SHC concentration...