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Republic of Uzbekistan : Living Standards Assessment Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
The purpose of this living standards assessment is to update and expand the first living standards assessment report that documented the poverty situation in Uzbekistan in 2000/2001. Attention has been paid to ensure the comparability of the analysis of the three years of data. The data themselves are largely comparable: the sampling methods have remained the same, as have the questionnaires and the basic implementation of the survey. However, some changes have occurred, primarily due to improved field work: these have been taken into account in the present analysis. The chapter is divided into three parts. An overview of the welfare levels in Uzbekistan from 2000-01 through 2003 is presented in section one, along with a discussion about the data sources and their strengths and weaknesses for multi-year analysis, and an analysis of the relationship between economic growth and welfare. In section two the basic indicators of living standards over the time period are presented. Section three contains information on two topics of interest for short-term and medium-term welfare: labor and education.

Engaging Civil Society Organizations in Conflict-Affected and Fragile States : Three African Country Case Studies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Civil society organizations (CSOs) play a prominent role in conflict-affected and fragile states. In the absence of capable or credible public institutions due to conflict or weak policy environments, CSOs tend to substitute for public institutions and become primary providers of basic social services. At the same time, the international donor community has increased its involvement in countries affected by conflict and instability, often relying increasingly on CSOs to reach the poor. While the prominent role of CSOs in social service delivery and other development activities is often seen as an interim solution, it may extend for years, even decades. Recognizing that reliance on CSOs is likely to prevail for the foreseeable future in many countries, there is a need to consider how to make CSO engagement more effective and sustainable. The objective of this report is to identify approaches to more effectively engage CSOs in the context of weak public institutions in conflict-affected and fragile states. The report will: 1) Examine the roles, strengths, and weaknesses of CSOs in terms of service delivery, community development, advocacy, peace building, and governance; 2) Identify the factors that influence CSO effectiveness in performing these functions; 3) Assess donor influence on CSOs and their indirect influence on governance by supporting CSOs; and 4) Discuss the relationship between CSOs and government including their changing roles...

Guide to the Debt Management Performance Assessment Tool

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and supplemental information to assist with country assessments of debt management performance, using the Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA) tool. The DeMPA is a methodology used for assessing public debt management performance through a comprehensive set of 15 performance indicators spanning the full range of government Debt Management (DeM) functions. It is based on the principles set out in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank guidelines for public debt management, initially published in 2001 and updated in 2003. It is modeled after the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework for performance measurement of public financial management. The DeMPA has been designed to be a user-friendly tool to undertake an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses in government DeM practices. This guide provides additional background and supporting information so that a no specialist in the area of debt management may undertake a country assessment effectively. The guide can be used by assessors in preparing for and undertaking an assessment. It is particularly useful for understanding the rationale for the inclusion of the indicators, the scoring methodology...

Financial Sector Assessment : Latvia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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36.17%
As part of the joint International Monetary Fund (IMF)-World Bank Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), a joint mission visited Latvia during the period February 14-28, 2001. The principal objective of the mission was to assist the authorities in identifying potential vulnerabilities in the financial system that could have macroeconomic consequences and to identify measures to reduce these risks. The mission also aimed at providing an assessment of the development needs of the financial system and its potential contribution to the economic transformation of Latvia as well as an assessment of the observance of international standards and codes in financial regulation and supervision. The purpose of this Financial Sector Assessment (FSA) report is to provide a summary of the main findings of the February FSAP mission, the policy priorities then identified, and subsequent policy developments that have taken place since.

Decentralized Beneficiary Targeting in Large-Scale Development Programs : Insights from the Malawi Farm Input Subsidy Program

Kilic, Talip; Whitney, Edward; Winters, Paul
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
This paper contributes to the long-standing debate on the merits of decentralized beneficiary targeting in the administration of development programs, focusing on the large-scale Malawi Farm Input Subsidy Program. Nationally-representative household survey data are used to systematically analyze the decentralized targeting performance of the program during the 2009-2010 agricultural season. The analysis begins with a standard targeting assessment based on the rates of program participation and the benefit amounts among the eligible and non-eligible populations, and provides decompositions of the national targeting performance into the inter-district, intra-district inter-community, and intra-district intra-community components. This approach identifies the relative contributions of targeting at each level. The results show that the Farm Input Subsidy Program is not poverty targeted and that the national government, districts, and communities are nearly uniform in their failure to target the poor, with any minimal targeting (or mis-targeting) overwhelmingly materializing at the community level. The findings are robust to the choice of the eligibility indicator and the decomposition method. The multivariate analysis of household program participation reinforces these results and reveals that the relatively well-off...

Mozambique Social Protection Assessment

Silverio Marques, Jose
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This assessment shows that Mozambique social protection system is developing. While programs to address most of the risks identified exist, there are still major gaps. Poor families with children are not adequately supported, there is no significant youth program, and subsistence farmers and other workers are not properly protected against recurrent shocks. The government spends a considerable amount of its resources on social protection but most are absorbed by untargeted subsidies and pensions that benefit only a few. This assessment suggests that it will be necessary to address three mutually complimentary issues: developing effective mechanisms to maximize the impact of social protection on reducing poverty; rationalizing public expenditures while filling existing program gaps; and strengthening institutional arrangements. In order to address the multiple challenges Mozambique faces to support particularly vulnerable groups and reduce extreme poverty and food insecurity, the report proposes a gradual approach framed in the existing social protection strategy approved by the Government in 2010.

Tunisia Urban Development and Local Governance Program : Technical Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
In this context, the reform of the LG capital grants and municipal investment planning framework forms the main strategic actions undertaken by the government towards the implementation of its decentralization agenda recently anchored in the new Constitution adopted in January 2014. This grant system, which had operated under an ex ante system of controls, is being restructured through the revision of the Decree 97-1135 governing the LG capital grant system. Through the restructuring, the government intends to improve the efficiency of the state financial support to municipal investment, make the allocation of capital grants more transparent and predictable, strengthen the decision-making power of LGs on the use of their investment funding, and progressively introduce a performance based dimension to their capital grant system. Along with revision of the above decree, the government has also issued a Ministerial Decree to introduce participatory municipal investment planning and budgeting systems, hence promoting citizen engagement in identifying investment needs and priorities. Under the same reform...

Sierra Leone : Social Protection Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
The objective of this assessment is to respond to the government's call for analytical work to guide the development of an improved social protection system. Its goal is to help the government to put the social protection policy into action and to provide an analytic underpinning for the social protection pillar of the Agenda for Prosperity. The basis of the assessment is provided by the concept of social risk management (SRM), which was developed by the World Bank in the early 2000s, and the assessment uses the lifecycle (or life-course) analysis. Chapter one discusses the main risks facing families in Sierra Leone and the conceptual framework of this assessment. Chapter two identifies the country's main vulnerable groups, discusses the principal risks faced by these groups and by households in general, and estimates the number of individuals or households that are at risk. Chapter three reviews the principal programs that are already in place to address the risks that have been identified. Chapter four assesses the adequacy of the social protection system by analyzing: spending; program coverage...

Nicaragua : Ex-Post Impact Evaluation of the Emergency Social Investment Fund

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
The Emergency Social Investment Fund (FISE) ex-post impact evaluation, is one of the first to be carried out on a social fund since the introduction of these mechanisms, a decade ago. Through strong impact evaluation methodologies, the report provides empirical evidence regarding FISE's success in reaching poor households, and contributing to their human capital formation, and provides as well, insights into communities interactions with FISE, and the quality of publicly provided social services that have received a FISE investment. The evaluation makes use of data sources, such as the Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS), FISE Household Surveys, and FISE Facilities Survey, as well as from the qualitative beneficiary assessment, instruments which allow an integrated evaluation on assessment of poverty targeting, and household impact. Based on social sectors results, recommendations for FISE operations, its work with others, and its monitoring system, suggest increased community participation at the subproject level...

Bulgaria - Investment Climate Assessment : Volume 1. Overview

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Investment Climate Assessment (ICA); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Sustained improvements in living standards depend on broad-based economic growth. This will only take place when firms improve worker productivity by investing in human and physical capital and increasing their technological capacity. But firms will only invest when the investment climate is favorable. The goal of the Bulgaria Investment Climate Assessment (ICA) is to evaluate the investment climate in all its operational dimensions and to promote policies to strengthen the private sector. The ICA is largely based on results from the World Bank Enterprise Survey. The 1,000-firm survey was conducted in late 2007 and collects detailed information on firm performance, what managers see as the main obstacles that they face, and objective data on various aspects of the investment climate. Additional sources of information are used to supplement the survey data, including the World Bank's Doing Business Report, a study that provides detailed, comparable data on regulation across the world, data from the National Statistical Institute...

Botswana Social Protection Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Gaborone, Botswana Publicador: Gaborone, Botswana
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Botswana is a small, landlocked, upper-middle-income country with a gross domestic product (GDP) of United States (U.S.) 17.3 billion dollars in 2011. Despite high levels of economic growth over the past two decades, poverty and inequality persist in Botswana and unemployment is high. The Government of Botswana (GoB) has developed and approved key strategic documents that articulate its long-term development objectives, including those in the social protection sector. The purpose of this assessment is to inform Botswana's future social protection and labor strategy and policies and help to achieve the goals of vision 2016. The assessment concentrates on social assistance programs as major reforms are already taking place or being considered for active labor market programs (ALMP) and social insurance programs. As social assistance programs are a significant draw on the GoB's budget and revenues from mining are projected to decline over the medium term, it will inevitably be necessary to increase the cost-effectiveness of existing programs. This assessment draws on the World Bank's Africa social protection strategy for 2012-2022 which...

Republic of Korea Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance - Assessment of Observance of CPSS-IOSCO Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures--BOK-WIRE+ and KRX CCP

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
This report contains the assessments of the Bank of Korea (BOK)-wire+ and Korea exchange (KRX) central counterparty (CCP) based on the committee on payment and settlement systems (CPSS) - International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) principles for financial market infrastructures (PFMI). The assessment was undertaken in the context of the international monetary fund's (IMF's) financial sector assessment program (FSAP) to the Republic of Korea in April and July 2013. The objective of the assessment has been to identify potential risks related to the FMIs that may affect financial stability. The scope of the assessment includes two main FMIs as well as the authorities in Korea responsible for regulation, supervision, and oversight of FMIs. The BOK-wire+ and the KRX CCP are assessed against all relevant principles of the PFMI. The authorities, being the BOK, the financial services committee (FSC), and the financial supervisory service (FSS), are assessed using the responsibilities for authorities of FMIs. This report provides introduction; methodology and information used for the assessment; overview of the payment...

Vietnam : Formal and Informal Social Assistance in Metropolitan Cities - A Rapid Assessment

Nguyen, Tam Giang
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
The expanding coverage of social assistance in Vietnam raises a question of whether relevant arrangements at all levels are sufficiently robust to handle a larger program. This note explores institutional and delivery aspects of formal and informal social assistance in metropolitan cities. It is a result of a rapid assessment of governance and administration of social assistance in metropolitan cities, including interviews with related stakeholders in Ho Chi Minh City in July 2010 and in Hanoi in January 2011. Basically, the existing governance and administrative structures for delivery of Decrees 67/13 assistance in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are characterized by a number of common issues elsewhere in the country, as described in previous studies. In addition, this note finds that while the cities may have resources to self-finance their assistance under Decrees 67/13 and provide significant informal assistance through various channels, their determination of exclusive poverty lines without sound scientific grounds may result in substantial inclusion and exclusion errors in locally funded schemes of aid. Furthermore...

Vietnam : Governance and Administration of Social Assistance - A Rapid Assessment and Options for Reform

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
The coverage of social assistance in Vietnam is expected to expand over the coming years in line with Government plans for further strengthening social security. This raises the question of whether the governance and administrative arrangements for social assistance at all levels are sufficiently robust to handle a larger program. This note provides a rapid assessment of the arrangements for delivering Vietnam's main social assistance program, social assistance under Decrees 67 and 13, and proposes options for further strengthening in the short and medium term. It aims to make a timely contribution to the ongoing policy discussions about strengthening social assistance as part of the implementation of the Social Security Strategy 2011-2020. The note reflects findings from visits to Ha Giang Province and Ho Chi Minh City in July 2010. It finds that the current delivery mechanisms for social assistance are basic, with limited human resources, no caseload management and no integrated database that would allow tracking of beneficiary numbers. While such basic governance and administrative arrangements may be appropriate for a small program such as social assistance under Decree 67 in the past...

Can There Be Growth with Equity? An Initial Assessment of Land Reform in South Africa

Deininger, Klaus; May, Julian
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
The authors use evidence from a survey of about 1200 beneficiaries of South African land reform to assess the performance of the initial phase of the land reform program. They find that the program has not lived up to the quantitative goals set, but did successfully target the poor. It has led to a significant number of economically successful projects that already generate sustainable revenues. These projects have involved significantly larger shares of poor people than less viable projects, suggesting that increased access to productive assets could be an important path to poverty reduction. Given the need to develop a diverse and less subsidy-dependent strategy for poverty reduction, suitably adapted land reform could play an important part in restructuring South Africa's rural sector. Much of this potential has yet to be realized. The author's analysis points toward clear lessons about program design: 1) Increase beneficiary awareness and participation. Shift from a centralized, bureaucratic structure designed for land distribution toward seeing program components as part of an integrated vision of rural development. This would strengthen links to other parts of land reform (including tenure reform), make better use of local synergies (including infrastructure such as housing)...

Involving Farmers : Social Assessment in the Estonia Agriculture Project

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Countries in transition from centrally planned to market economies face several challenges when planning investments. These include a lack of information about beneficiary groups, particularly those in rural areas; and the collapse of institutions maintained by the state prior to transition. During preparation of the Estonia Agriculture Project, the government sought World Bank technical assistance to undertake a social assessment (SA) to fill information gaps and initiate a process of building new local level institutions. The SA was divided into three phases, with the overall objective of building institutional capacity at both the local and the national level. Phase I has been completed. It has enabled the government to assess farmers' commitment to rehabilitation of field drainage systems, and their willingness to form farmer-managed Land and Water Associations and to share costs and assume responsibilities for operation and maintenance. Since regaining independence in 1991, Estonia has stabilized its macroeconomic situation and moved rapidly towards a market economy. Living standards...

Debt Management Performance Assessment : Albania

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Debt Management Performance Assessment
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
From November 8 to 17, 2010, a World Bank team undertook a Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA) mission to Tirana, Albania. The mission's objective was to prepare a comprehensive assessment of government debt management functions by applying the DeMPA methodology. This report presents the results of the assessment, based on the December 2009 version of the DeMPA tool. The assessment reveals that Albania meets the requirements for the A score in eleven dimensions assessed the B score in five dimensions, the C score in twelve dimensions, and the D score in five dimensions. Of more than 50 countries assessed by the World Bank under the DeMPA program so far, Albania stands out as one of the few which has sound debt management practices in the largest number of areas as defined by the DeMPA methodology. Albanian economy is highly dependent on remittances. Sectors that rely on remittances construction, wholesale and retail, and other services together account for over 60 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and has been the backbone of the country's strong growth. Large capital inflows (remittances...

Kenya National Safety Net Program for Results : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
The Government of Kenya (GoK) has a number of well-established social insurance schemes and safety net programs, but their coverage has tended to be low and their effectiveness limited. The coverage of cash transfer programs has grown significantly but remains low in comparison with the size of the population in need. This assessment uses the draft guidance notes on Program-for-Results (PforR) operations prepared by the Operations Policy and Country Services (OPCS) department of the World Bank. The assessment reviews the fiduciary aspects of the government's national safety net program. According to this assessment, the strengths include: (i) sector-wide planning and budgeting through the Sector Working Groups (SWGs), the Medium-term Planning (MTP) framework, and the Medium-term Expenditure Framework (MTEF); (ii) increasing computerization through the Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS); (iii) current efforts to develop and roll out a single registry linked to the Management Information Systems (MISs) for the five cash transfer programs; (iv) the ongoing development and intended roll out of program MISs for the Cash transfer (CT) programs implemented by the department of gender and social development in the Ministry of Gender...

Learning from the Past : India Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project

Kuehnast, Kathleen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
India's Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project has two objectives. First, it seeks to reverse the decline of productivity through sustainable reclamation of sodic lands. Second, it is intended to prevent additional increases in sodicity through strengthening local institutions and enabling effective management of such programs with strong beneficiary participation and nongovernmental organization (NGO) support. This objective contributes to the alleviation of poverty of families managing sodic lands. Social Development best practices elements were identified as using: multi-dimensional approach to poverty reduction aimed at enhancing opportunities, capabilities, empowerment, and security of the poor; institutionalized mechanisms for participation and decentralized implementation; and ongoing monitoring and evaluation of social development outcomes by the government and community. Lessons learned focused on establishing the correct sequence of project activities is a key ingredient of success. In this case...

Beneficiary Assessment for Monitoring : The Zambia Social Recovery Project

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.73%
Zambia's Social Recovery Fund promotes community-driven infrastructure rehabilitation through microprojects aimed at cushioning vulnerable groups against the negative effects of adjustment. The fund was formed in 1991 as part of the Social Recovery Project, which was designed to build the capacity of local communities and governments to plan, implement, and manage community investments. Since 1992, the fund has used beneficiary assessments to ensure that funded microprojects target the poor (by allowing the poor to set priorities for the fund's support) and improve overall project performance. Originally a monitoring exercise, beneficiary assessments have become a valuable tool for fostering community participation and building in-country capacity in social assessment methodologies.