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Morphine infusions into the rostrolateral periaqueductal gray affect maternal behaviors

MOURA, L.M.; CANTERAS, N.S.; SUKIKARA, M.H.; FELICIO, L.F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
It is well established that morphine inhibits maternal behaviors. Previous studies by our group have shown activation of the rostrolateral periaqueductal gray (rlPAG) upon inhibition-intended subcutaneous injections of morphine. In this context, we demonstrated that a single naloxone infusion into the rlPAG, following this opioid-induced inhibition, reactivated maternal behaviors. Since these data were obtained by using peripheral morphine injections, the present study was designed to test whether morphine injected directly into the rlPAG would affect maternal behaviors. Our hypothesis that morphine acting through the rlPAG would disrupt maternal behaviors was confirmed with a local infusion of morphine. The mothers showed shorter latency for locomotor behavior to explore the home cage (P = 0.049). Inhibition was especially evident regarding retrieving (P = 0.002), nest building (P = 0.05) and full maternal behavior (P = 0.023). These results support the view that opioidergic transmission plays a behaviorally meaningful inhibitory role in the rostrolateral PAG.

Comportamentos de saúde em usuários de substâncias psicoativas; Health behaviors in users of psychoactive substances.

Camargo Júnior, Elton Brás
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/04/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
O consumo de drogas resulta em consequências para o indivíduo tanto no âmbito social quanto no de saúde. Conhecimentos sobre comportamentos de saúde dos usuários de drogas tornam-se relevante para melhor compreender esse grupo. O estudo teve por objetivo avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Questionário Comportamentos de Saúde em usuários de substâncias psicoativas. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo do tipo descritivo. O estudo foi desenvolvido no Centro de Atenção Psicossocial - Álcool e Drogas de Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil. A amostra foi composta por 140 usuários do serviço. O instrumento utilizado foi composto por: Informações sociodemográficas, Escala de Severidade da Dependência de Drogas, Severity Alcohol Dependence Data e o Questionário Comportamentos de Saúde. Utilizou-se a análise descritiva dos dados e a validade de construto por meio da análise fatorial. Para a consistência interna do instrumento e de seus fatores utilizou-se o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. A amostra caracteriza-se predominantemente por usuários do sexo masculino, adultos, solteiros, cor da pele branca, com baixo nível de escolaridade. A maior parte deles já esteve em tratamento e a busca por atendimento ocorreu voluntariamente ou por meio de seus familiares. A droga de maior consumo foi o crack. Os usuários...

Relações familiares, humor deprimido e comportamentos autodestrutivos em adolescentes; Family relations, depressed mood and self-destructive behaviors in adolescents

Mesquita, Cristina; Ribeiro, Fátima; Mendonça, Liliane; Maia, Ângela
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Na adolescência existe uma probabilidade aumentada de envolvimento em comportamentos de risco. O contexto familiar desempenha um papel preponderante na adopção destes comportamentos, sendo que um funcionamento familiar inadequado pode reflectir-se em sintomas depressivos, aumentando o risco de envolvimento em tais comportamentos. Os objectivos deste estudo incluíram avaliar a prevalência de um conjunto de comportamentos autodestrutivos em adolescentes, como automutilação e suicídio, os sintomas de humor depressivo e a qualidade do funcionamento familiar, analisando a relação das características do ambiente familiar com os sintomas depressivos e estes comportamentos. Os participantes são 408 adolescentes, com uma média de idades de 17.2 (DP=1.26). Os instrumentos utilizados incluem o Inventário de Depressão para Crianças e Adolescentes e o Questionário de História Familiar, e um conjunto de questões sobre comportamentos autodestrutivos. Os resultados revelam que os comportamentos autodestrutivos são frequentes, assinalando a adolescência como período crítico na sua manifestação. As características da família surgem relacionadas com o envolvimento em comportamentos autodestrutivos, tendo a relação com os pais maior influência. Os sintomas depressivos estão associados ao funcionamento familiar e aos comportamentos autodestrutivos.. - Os dados alertam para a necessidade de se intervir para promover a adopção de estilos de vida saudáveis. Será importante trabalhar com as famílias no sentido de melhorar as relações familiares...

Experiências adversas, trauma, TEPT e comportamentos de risco na população e em veteranos de guerra; Adverse experiences, trauma, PTSD and risk behaviors in population and war veterans

Pedras, Susana; Pereira, M. Graça
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
vivência de experiências adversas na infância, a exposição ao trauma e o quadro clínico de TEPT são fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de comportamentos de risco (consumo de substâncias, comportamentos sexuais de risco e estilo de vida sedentário). Para além disso, a literatura tem vindo a documentar que existe um fenômeno de transmissão intergeracional de comportamentos de risco dos progenitores para os fi lhos realçando a importância da intervenção com as vítimas primárias de um trauma devido não só ao risco de envolvimento em comportamentos que prejudicam a saúde mas também devido ao seu poder como modelo parental na transmissão dos comportamentos de risco. Este trabalho apresenta estudos, na área do stress traumático na população geral e em veteranos de guerra tendo também em consideração a investigação sobre o mecanismo intergeracional dos comportamentos de risco da família de origem para a vida adulta.; Adverse childhood experiences, trauma exposure and PTSD are risk factors for the development of health risk behaviors (substance use, sexual risk behaviors and sedentary life style). In addition, literature has shown that there is an intergenerational transmission of parent´s health risk behaviors to the offspring...

Exercise, eating disordered behaviors and psychological well-being : a study with Portuguese adolescents

Gomes, Rui; Gonçalves, Sónia; Costa, Joana
Fonte: Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz. Publicado por Elsevier España, Publicador: Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz. Publicado por Elsevier España,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This study analyzed the importance of exercise frequency on eating disordered behaviors and psychological well-being and the ability of various exercise individual, and psychological variables to predict eating disordered behaviors. The following characteristics were measured: eating disordered behaviors, dieting habits, physical activity, goal orientation, social physique anxiety, and self-esteem. The results showed that regular exercise was reported most frequently by males, those with high attraction toward exercise, and adolescents with fewer dieting behaviors. Moreover, adolescents who exercised regularly showed fewer eating disordered behaviors and had more positive psychological functioning. The results also confirmed the importance of various exercise, individual, and psychological variables in predicting eating disordered behaviors. In sum, this study validates the importance of regular exercise for promoting psychological well-being and preventing eating disordered behaviors in adolescence.; Este estudio se realizó en una muestra de 192 adolescentes portugueses. Se analizó la importancia de la frecuencia de la práctica en conductas alimentarias y en el bienestar psicológico. Además, se intenta explicar las conductas alimentarias tomando en consideración las características deportivas...

Morphine infusions into the rostrolateral periaqueductal gray affect maternal behaviors

Moura,L.M.; Canteras,N.S.; Sukikara,M.H.; Felicio,L.F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
It is well established that morphine inhibits maternal behaviors. Previous studies by our group have shown activation of the rostrolateral periaqueductal gray (rlPAG) upon inhibition-intended subcutaneous injections of morphine. In this context, we demonstrated that a single naloxone infusion into the rlPAG, following this opioid-induced inhibition, reactivated maternal behaviors. Since these data were obtained by using peripheral morphine injections, the present study was designed to test whether morphine injected directly into the rlPAG would affect maternal behaviors. Our hypothesis that morphine acting through the rlPAG would disrupt maternal behaviors was confirmed with a local infusion of morphine. The mothers showed shorter latency for locomotor behavior to explore the home cage (P = 0.049). Inhibition was especially evident regarding retrieving (P = 0.002), nest building (P = 0.05) and full maternal behavior (P = 0.023). These results support the view that opioidergic transmission plays a behaviorally meaningful inhibitory role in the rostrolateral PAG.

CHEMICAL COMMUNICATION IN Apis mellifera: TEMPORAL MODULATION OF ALARM BEHAVIORS

COSTA,H.; TALORA,D. C.; PALMA,M.S.; CHAUD-NETTO,J.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
The effect of pheromones and their chemical analogues in honeybee alarm behaviors was studied in observation boxes. Defensive behaviors, as follows: a) attraction to scent source, b) elevation of wings in "V", c) abdomen elevation, d) abdomen elevation and pumping and e) first leg pair elevation had been temporarily registered when the following compounds were presented: isoamyl alcohol, octyl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, n-butyl acetate, n-octyl acetate, isopentyl acetate, benzyl acetate and 2-heptanone. The results were as follows: 1. the bees elicited some characteristic behaviors when chemical alarm messages were presented, 2. agression (stinging) was not completed with any compound tested, probably because there was not a target (visual stimulus), 3. in all situations the attraction to scent source was low, 4. all the behaviors were elicited in a temporarily different way, 5. the compounds that elicited stronger responses and a greater number of the investigated behaviors were: isopentyl acetate, 2-heptanone, octyl acetate and n-octyl alcohol. In all situations, the first behavior response (and the most intense one) was the elevation and pumping the abdomen. This suggests that the chemical message was promptly recognized and then transmitted to each worker. So...

Social relationships and health related behaviors among older US adults

Watt, Richard G; Heilmann, Anja; Sabbah, Wael; Newton, Tim; Chandola, Tarani; Aida, Jun; Sheiham, Aubrey; Marmot, Michael; Kawachi, Ichiro; Tsakos, Georgios
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Background: Health behaviors are a key determinant of health and well-being that are influenced by the nature of the social environment. This study examined associations between social relationships and health-related behaviors among a nationally representative sample of older people. Methods: We analyzed data from three waves (1999–2004) of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Participants were 4,014 older Americans aged 60 and over. Log-binomial regression models estimated prevalence ratios (PR) for the associations between social relationships and each of the following health behaviors: alcohol use, smoking, physical activity and dental attendance. Results: Health-compromising behaviors (smoking, heavy drinking and less frequent dental visits) were related to marital status, while physical activity, a health-promoting behavior, was associated with the size of friendship networks. Smoking was more common among divorced/separated (PR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.6, 2.7) and widowed (PR = 1.7; 95% CI: 1.3, 2.3) respondents than among those married or cohabiting, after adjusting for socio-demographic background. Heavy drinking was 2.6 times more common among divorced/separated and 1.7 times more common among widowed men compared to married/cohabiting men...

A cross-cultural comparison of health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents living in urban areas: gender by country analyses

Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M; Al-Nakeeb, Yahya; Duncan, Michael J; Al-Sobayel, Hana I; Abahussain, Nada A; Musaiger, Abdulrahman O; Lyons, Mark; Collins, Peter; Nevill, Alan
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
peer-reviewed; This study investigated the cross-cultural differences and similarity in health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14–18 year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Measurements included anthropometric, screen time, validated physical activity (PA) questionnaire and dietary habits. The overweight/obesity prevalence among Saudi adolescents (38.3%) was significantly (p < 0.001) higher than that found among British adolescents (24.1%). The British adolescents demonstrated higher total PA energy expenditure than Saudi adolescents (means ± SE = 3,804.8 ± 81.5 vs. 2,219.9 ± 65.5 METs-min/week). Inactivity prevalence was significantly (p < 0.001) higher among Saudi adolescents (64%) compared with that of British adolescents (25.5%). The proportions of adolescents exceeding 2 h of daily screen time were high (88.0% and 90.8% among Saudis and British, respectively). The majority of Saudi and British adolescents did not have daily intakes of breakfast, fruit, vegetables and milk. MANCOVA showed significant (p < 0.05) gender by country interactions in several lifestyle factors. There was a significant (p < 0.001) gender differences in the ratio of physical activity to sedentary behaviors. In conclusion...

Counterproductive Work Behaviors and Moral Disengagement

GUALANDRI, MARIO
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
In recent years counterproductive work behavior (CWB) has become an increasingly popular topic of study among organizational researchers (Penny & Spector, 2005; Yang & Diefendorff, 2009). The peculiarity of CWB is that they differ from common negative acts since they are not accidental and are intended specifically to damage by purposeful action even if unintentionally (Spector & Fox, 2005). These behaviors may include acts such as direct aggression, theft, purposely failing to follow instructions or to perform work incorrectly, in the interest of violating significant organizational norms (Spector, Fox, Penney, Bruursema, Goh, & Kessler, 2006), reducing the efficiency and job performance of its members (Hollinger & Clark, 1982), and basically threatening the health and well being of the organizations and its members. The latest financial scandals affecting American and European stock markets, as well as the increase of deviant behavior in organizations have raised questions about the ethics in the working context highlighting the need to understand these occurrences in order to prevent and tackle them (Chappell & Di Martino, 2006; Fox & Spector, 2005; Greenberg, 1997; Vardi & Weitz, 2004; Wellen, 2004). In fact, several studies showed that those behaviors are one of the most serious problems that organizations are facing in many countries (Chappel & Di Martino...

Antiretroviral Therapy Awareness and Risky Sexual Behaviors : Evidence from Mozambique

de Walque, Damien; Kazianga, Harounan; Over, Mead
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper studies the effect of increased access to antiretroviral therapy on risky sexual behavior, using data collected in Mozambique in 2007 and 2008. The survey sampled both households of randomly selected HIV positive individuals and households from the general population. Controlling for unobserved individual characteristics, the findings support the hypothesis of disinhibition behaviors, whereby risky sexual behaviors increase in response to the perceived changes in risk associated with increased access to antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, men and women respond differently to the perceived changes in risk. In particular, risky behaviors increase for men who believe, wrongly, that AIDS can be cured, while risky behaviors increase for women who believe, correctly, that antiretroviral therapy can treat AIDS but cannot cure it. The findings suggest that scaling up access to antiretroviral therapy without prevention programs may not be optimal if the objective is to contain the disease, since people would adjust their sexual behavior in response to the perceived changes in risk. Therefore...

The Determinants of HIV Infection and Related Sexual Behaviors : Evidence from Lesotho

Corno, Lucia; de Walque, Damien
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. The paper also analyzes HIV infection at the level of the couple. It shows that in 41 percent of the infected couples, only one of the two partners is HIV infected. Therefore, there are still opportunities for prevention inside the couple.

Who Gets AIDS and How? The Determinants of HIV Infection and Sexual Behaviors in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya and Tanzania

de Walque, Damien
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
This paper analyzes the determinants of HIV infection and associated sexual behaviors using data from the first five Demographic and Health Surveys to include HIV testing for a representative sample of the adult population. Emerging from a wealth of country relevant results, four important findings can be generalized. First, married women who engage in extra-marital sex are less likely to use condoms than single women when doing so. Second, having been in successive marriages is a significant risk-factor, as evidenced by the results on HIV infection and on sexual behaviors. Contrary to prima facie evidence, education is not associated positively with HIV status. But schooling is one of the most consistent predictors of behavior and knowledge: education predicts protective behaviors like condom use, use of counseling and testing, discussion among spouses and knowledge, but it also predicts a higher level of infidelity and a lower level of abstinence. Finally, male circumcision and female genital mutilation are often associated with sexual behaviors, practices, and knowledge related to AIDS. This might explain why in the analysis in the five countries there is no significant negative association between male circumcision and HIV status...

Maternal-Fetal Attachment and Health Behaviors among Women with HIV/AIDS

Hernandez, Julieta P.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Background: Mothers with HIV often face personal and environmental risks for poor maternal health behaviors and infant neglect, even when HIV transmission to the infant was prevented. Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA), the pre-birth relationship of a woman with her fetus, may be the precursor to maternal caregiving. Using the strengths perspective in social work, which embeds MFA within a socio-ecological conceptual framework, it is hypothesized that high levels of maternal-fetal attachment may protect mothers and infants against poor maternal health behaviors. Objective: To assess whether MFA together with history of substance use, living marital status, planned pregnancy status, and timing of HIV diagnosis predict three desirable maternal health behaviors (pregnancy care, adherence to prenatal antiretroviral therapy–ART, and infant’s screening clinic care) among pregnant women with HIV/AIDS. Method: Prospective observation and hypothesis-testing multivariate analyses. Over 17 consecutive months, all eligible English- or Spanish-speaking pregnant women with HIV ( n = 110) were approached in the principal obstetric and screening clinics in Miami-Dade County, Florida at 24 weeks’ gestation; 82 agreed to enroll. During three data collection periods from enrollment until 16 weeks after childbirth (range: 16 to 32 weeks)...

Conductas problema en adolescentes en la ciudad de Monterrey, México; Problem behaviors in adolescents in the city of Monterrey, Mexico

Díaz Rodriguez, Cecilia Lourdes Díaz; González Ramírez, Mónica Teresa
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
En este trabajo se comparan las encuestas de población objetivo de información aplicadas en México en relación a las conductas problema de los adolescentes (alcohol, tabaco, drogas, sexo desprotegido, accidentes y hábitos alimenticios), comparándolas con el Cuestionario de Conductas Problema mismo que mide la presencia o ausencia de las conductas problema, así como la aparición de dichas conductas en los ambientes en los que se desenvuelve el adolescente (familia, amigos, vecindario y escuela). Se utilizó un diseño no experimental, transversal, descriptivo y se evalúan las conductas problema de 551 adolescentes de primer semestre (M= 14.8 años, DT= 2.35) de nivel medio superior de una institución pública de la Ciudad de Monterrey, N.L. México. Los resultados muestran que es necesario analizar los fenómenos desde una encuesta descriptiva más amplia que involucre los ambientes en los que se lleva a cabo el fenómeno medido con el fin de entender las necesidades de cada población, así como realizar programas psicoeducativos dirigidos a las necesidades detectadas.; In this paper, we compare the surveys that we applied to the Mexico population in relation to problem behaviors in adolescents (alcohol, snuff or tobacco...

The Examination of the Relationships Among Secondary Principals’ Leadership Behaviors, School Climate, and Student Achievement in an Urban Context

Rhoden, Valmarie
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
School principals’ leadership is key to successful school reform, as is increased student achievement. This nonexperimental ex post facto study tested relationships among secondary school principals’ leadership behaviors, school climate, and student achievement. Of 165 secondary school principals from the three largest school districts in South Florida, 58 completed three online survey instruments: the Leadership Practices Inventory, School Climate Inventory-Revised, and researcher-designed Demographic Questionnaire. Student achievement was measured by students’ scores on the reading and mathematics Florida Comprehensive Assessment Tests. Three null hypotheses tested relationships among (a) five principals’ leadership behaviors and seven domains of school climate; (b) principals’ leadership behaviors and student achievement; and (c) principals’ leadership behaviors, school climate, and student achievement. Multiple linear regressions were used to determine the degree to which the independent variables predicted the dependent variables for the first two hypotheses. ANOVAs tested possible group differences between the demographic and research variables as controls for the third hypothesis. Partial correlational analyses tested the strength and direction of relationships among leadership behaviors...

A Q Factor Analysis of College Undergraduate Students' Study Behaviors

Yang, Yang
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The purpose of this study was to better understand the study behaviors and habits of university undergraduate students. It was designed to determine whether undergraduate students could be grouped based on their self-reported study behaviors and if any grouping system could be determined, whether group membership was related to students’ academic achievement. A total of 152 undergraduate students voluntarily participated in the current study by completing the Study Behavior Inventory instrument. All participants were enrolled in fall semester of 2010 at Florida International University. The Q factor analysis technique using principal components extraction and a varimax rotation was used in order to examine the participants in relation to each other and to detect a pattern of intercorrelations among participants based on their self-reported study behaviors. The Q factor analysis yielded a two factor structure representing two distinct student types among participants regarding their study behaviors. The first student type (i.e., Factor 1) describes proactive learners who organize both their study materials and study time well. Type 1 students are labeled “Proactive Learners with Well-Organized Study Behaviors”. The second type (i.e....

Greening Organizations: The Roles of Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

Robertson, JENNIFER
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Climate change is a serious global issue that poses one of the greatest challenges facing human kind (Kazdin, 2009; Stern, 2011; Swim et al., 2011). Given that organizations are often cited as the largest contributors to climate change (Trudeau and Canada West Foundation, 2007), research needs to investigate how organizations can positively affect climate change. Accordingly, the purpose of this dissertation is to investigate how organizations can positively affect climate change through workplace pro-environmental behaviors. To this end, three studies were conducted. The first study investigated the influence of leaders’ environmentally-specific transformational leadership and their own workplace pro-environmental behaviors on employees’ workplace pro-environmental behaviors. The second study examined if environmentally-specific and general transformational leadership are empirically distinct but related, whether environmentally-specific transformational leadership evokes higher levels of workplace pro-environmental behaviors than general transformational leadership, and if so, examined through mediation why this is the case. The third and final study conceptualizes and defines workplace pro-environmental behaviors as a form of organizational citizenship behaviors that are targeted at benefiting the natural environment (OCBE)...

Prevalência de comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais em mulheres idosas; Prevalence of dysfunctional eating behaviors in elderly women

Gomes, Fabiana Vanessa Silva
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Dissertação de mestrado em Psicologia Aplicada (área de especialização em Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde); Comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais são frequentes em jovens, mas pouco se sabe sobre a sua prevalência em mulheres idosas. Este estudo consiste em estudar a prevalência pontual de comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais em mulheres com 65 anos ou mais. Estudo de prevalência constituído por um momento de avaliação de duas fases com 342 mulheres entre os 65 e 94 anos. Na primeira fase foram administrados os instrumentos: Mini Mental State Examination; Weight Concerns Scale; Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food; Escala de Restrição Alimentar do Eating Disorder Examination – Questionnaire; três questões para avaliar petisco contínuo e ingestão alimentar noturna. Mulheres que reportaram comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais (n=118) foram selecionadas para a segunda fase e entrevistadas com a Eating Disorder Examination. Prevalência de Perturbações do Comportamento Alimentar e da Ingestão foi de 2.4% (0.9% para IAC; 0.3% para Bulimia Nervosa e 1.2% Perturbação da Alimentação e da Ingestão com Outra Especificação. Prevalência de petisco continuo foi de 18.9%. Comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais e comportamentos de controlo de peso em idosas são pouco frequentes...

Disordered eating behaviors and binge drinking in female high-school students: the role of impulsivity

Ocampo Ortega,René; Bojorquez Chapela,letza; Unikel Santoncini,Claudia
Fonte: Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Publicador: Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Introduction It is widely accepted that psychiatric comorbidity can increase the severity, chronicity, and treatment resistance of psychiatric disorders. In various studies worldwide, it has been estimated that the prevalence of alcohol use disorders in women with disordered eating behaviors (DEB) is situated at between 2.9 and 48.6%. It is worth noting that previous studies have not considered the analysis of the variables that could explain the comorbidity between DEB and alcohol use in adolescents, such as impulsivity, which is the key variable for explaining this comorbidity. On the other hand, most studies have addressed the adult population in psychiatric hospitals or people with eating disorders (ED) or alcohol use disorders. It is considered that those subjects have already developed psychiatric comorbid disorders. Impulsivity could be an unspecific trait that aggravates the psychiatric condition of a determined person and it is therefore more likely for that person to seek specialized care. According to the above, the role of impulsivity in the comorbidity of ED and alcohol use might not be similar to that of the general population, mostly among those who have not yet developed a whole clinical syndrome. Therefore, we consider that it is important to clarify the involvement of impulsivity in the comorbidity between disordered eating behaviors (DEB) and binge drinking (BD) in high school students. It is also crucial to analyze the association between impulsivity and the coexistence of DEB and binge drinking (BD) in female students aged between 15 and 19 years at public high schools in the State of Mexico. Methods Data for this study were drawn from the Project entitled "Prevalence and Factors Associated with Disordered Eating Behaviors in Adolescent Women with Different Levels of Urbanization and Migration Intensity" (CONACyT-SEP-2004-46560). The design for this study is cross-sectional and analytical. A sample of 2357 female students at 11 public high schools in the State of Mexico was randomly selected during the 2006-2007 school year. For data collection for this project...