Página 1 dos resultados de 94187 itens digitais encontrados em 0.049 segundos

O direito à educação básica no âmbito do MERCOSUL: proteção normativa nos planos constitucional, internacional e regional; The right to basic education in the Mercosur: normative protection in the constitucional, international and regional levels

Babinski, Daniel Bernardes de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
O direito à educação básica conforma direito de tipo especial, visto que sua proteção é condição necessária para o usufruto de todos os outros direitos fundamentais. A presente dissertação de mestrado procura analisar a extensão da proteção normativa concedida a esse direito nos Estados-Partes do MERCOSUL. Tal análise será feita mediante uma pesquisa conduzida em três níveis distintos, nomeadamente, o plano constitucional, internacional e o regional. Em virtude de sua natureza individual e coletiva, fundamental e humana, o direito à educação básica é tutelado nestes três planos, ensejando uma necessária apreciação de suas interelações. Desta forma, o presente estudo analisa não apenas as normas constitucionais em matéria educacional, mas se amplia para toda a produção de documentos internacionais tratados e declarações - que tutelam o direito à educação básica. Por último, analisaremos o papel da educação no fenômeno da integração mercosulina, concluindo que é inegável que a estruturação do Setor Educacional do MERCOSUL ainda não foi capaz de incrementar a proteção normativa do direito à educação básica, resumindo suas atividades à compilação de informações estatísticas...

Implementação de Políticas Públicas: um estudo de caso sobre a ampliação do ensino fundamental para nove anos no município de São Bernardo do Campo; Implementation of Public Policies: case study about the extension of basic education to nine years in São Bernardo do Campo

Gil, Lara Gonzalez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
Nesta dissertação são analisados os desdobramentos das Leis Federais nº 11.114/05, que instituiu o início da obrigatoriedade do ensino fundamental aos seis anos de idade, e da Lei nº 11.274/06, que ampliou a duração do ensino fundamental para nove anos. O objetivo da pesquisa foi realizar um estudo sobre a implementação do ensino fundamental de nove anos em uma escola da rede municipal de São Bernardo do Campo, verificando a articulação da política educacional nacional, sua adequação em nível municipal e a sua efetivação no cotidiano escolar. Para tanto, foi realizada a observação em uma turma de 1º ano em uma escola da rede municipal, durante todo o ano letivo de 2010. O estudo contou, ainda, com a realização de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os diversos segmentos da comunidade escolar: Secretária Municipal de Educação, diretora, professoras, membros do Conselho de Escola, pais e, em especial, com as crianças do primeiro ano do ensino fundamental de nove anos. As considerações apresentadas são baseadas nos dados obtidos na pesquisa de campo, em dados estatísticos, na análise dos documentos oficiais e no levantamento bibliográfico sobre o tema. A análise dos dados permitiu o levantamento de opiniões dos sujeitos da Pesquisa sobre diversos aspectos da implantação do ensino fundamental de nove anos e a comparação com as intenções anunciadas nos documentos oficiais...

Educação ambiental e saneamento básico para a promoção da saúde da criança; Environmental education and basic sanitation for the child's health promotion

Zombini, Edson Vanderlei
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
O nível de saúde da população depende muito das condições socioambientais em que ela vive. Os ecossistemas degradados e a baixa cobertura do saneamento básico são fatores de risco importantes para o adoecimento, particularmente das crianças. A educação ambiental é condição fundamental para que a população atue como sujeito dos processos sociais na construção de valores, conhecimentos, habilidades, atitudes e competências, voltados para a conservação do meio ambiente e implementação do saneamento básico, medidas essenciais à promoção da saúde e a sustentabilidade. Diante da urgência de se criar condições para que a educação em saúde e ambiental se efetive entre as crianças o mais cedo possível, foi realizada uma pesquisa que teve por objetivo contribuir para a educação continuada de professores do ensino fundamental de 5 escolas públicas do Município de São Paulo, habilitando-os para o ensino dos temas educação ambiental e saneamento básico. Utilizou-se para isso a abordagem qualitativa e o método pesquisa-ação, com diferentes técnicas de pesquisa e intervenção, entre as quais, foi oferecido aos professores um curso de educação à distância elaborado para atender as necessidades previamente detectadas por meio de grupos focais com esses educadores. No decorrer do curso...

Estado Federal e igualdade na educação básica pública; Federal state and equality on the right to public basic education

Côrtes, Lara Barbosa Quadros
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
O Estado Federal brasileiro é marcado por desigualdades econômicas e sociais entre as suas regiões, assim como por desigualdades dentro dessas regiões, que estabelecem uma relação de causa e efeito com as condições da educação fornecida aos seus habitantes. Um dos objetivos fundamentais da República federativa brasileira é a redução das desigualdades geográficas. Nesse cenário, medidas voltadas à garantia de igualdade de acesso e qualidade na educação básica pública entre os entes federativos de um determinado Estado Federal são fundamentais, com implicações a um só tempo sociais e econômicas. Nesta tese, analisamos os contornos normativos específicos do Estado Federal brasileiro em matéria de educação básica pública, examinando-os sob a ótica da contribuição que possam trazer para a promoção da igualdade na educação entre os seus entes federativos. A promoção do equilíbrio do desenvolvimento e do bem-estar em âmbito nacional é o objetivo das normas para a cooperação entre os entes federativos em relação às matérias de competência material comum da União, dos Estados-membros, do Distrito Federal e dos Municípios, entre as quais está a educação. Essas normas, que deveriam ter sido fixadas por lei complementar específica para o setor educacional...

Interface CORBA com middleware Basic System

Silva, Sara Cristina Lopes do Patrocínio, 1986-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
Tese de mestrado em Engenharia Informática, apresentada à Universidade de Lisboa, através da Faculdade de Ciências, 2011; Com o passar dos anos tem aumentado o grau de heterogeneidade de software nos sistemas distribuídos. De forma a minimizar os problemas que podem advir deste aumento, utiliza-se normalmente um middleware que separa a camada aplicacional da componente sistema operativo garantindo assim a independência e interoperabilidade entre os vários tipos de nós de um sistema distribuído. O sistema de controlo de tráfego aéreo da NAV Portugal E.P.E. LISATM é constituído por um grande número de componentes existindo uma grande heterogeneidade entre eles. Este sistema LISATM tem como principal função o de apresentar informação que permita efectuar o controlo de tráfego aéreo, sendo necessário que todas as componentes troquem informação entre si tendo para isso que existir interoperabilidade entre elas. Uma forma de garantir a interoperabilidade desejada foi recorrendo a um middleware proprietário, o Basic System. Ao longo do tempo têm surgido novas tecnologias e novos sistemas operativos, tornando-se necessário garantir que o Basic System se mantém compatível com o novo software e hardware que surge...

Design and Appraisal of Rural Transport Infrastructure : Ensuring Basic Access for Rural Communities

Lebo, Jerry; Schelling, Dieter
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Isolation contributes to rural poverty. Without a minimum of reliable and efficient access to locations of basic social and economic activities, rural life stagnates and local development prospects remain limited. Providing and maintaining a minimum level of access, referred to in this paper as basic access, is therefore a necessary element of any rural development strategy. Overcoming isolation necessitates holistic strategies. Approaches include improved logistics to support trade and communication, the promotion of transport services and intermediaite means of transport, improved quality and location of services, and the sustaianable provision of cost-effective transport infrastrucutre. Among these, the cost-effective design and appraisal of rural transport infrastructure (RTI) is the topic of this paper. A basic access approach to the provision of RTI is presented which gives priority to the provision and maintenance of reliable, all-season access. Basic access interventions are defined as the least-cost investments which provide a minimum level of all-season passability. In a majority of cases...

Basic Education Public Expenditure Review Phase II : School Based Management in the Philippines, An Empirical Investigation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
The main objective of this study is to provide a rigorous empirical understanding about the current status of School Based Management (SBM) and the relationship between SBM and learning outcomes in the Philippines with a view to identifying the pathways to improving SBM implementation for improved student achievement. The study makes three potentially important contributions to the policy analysis in support of the implementation of Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda (BESRA) in general and SBM in particular; (i) construction of the Basic Education Information System - National Achievement Test BEIS-NAT Panel Database for 2005-2010; (ii) methodology for policy analysis of SBM; and (iii) Findings from analysis of SBM. These studies have some findings; the findings are grouped into four categories: (a) SBM implementation, (b) resource allocation, (c) principal professional development, and (d) data and information management. Needless to say, these issues are inevitably interrelated so it is important for us to integrate the findings to derive policy implications.

Basic Education beyond the Millennium Development Goals in Ghana : How Equity in Service Delivery Affects Educational and Learning Outcomes

Darvas, Peter; Balwanz, David
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Inequity is the central challenge facing basic education in Ghana and undercuts the potential contribution of basic education to Ghana’s national development goals. Persistent disparities in education service delivery and inequitable allocation of resources in Ghana lead to highly inequitable educational outcomes. These inequities negatively affect system quality, efficiency and accountability and ultimately undermine broader national development. Wide-spread inequity in education service delivery significantly depresses system learning outcomes. This report describes a “missing middle” in terms of learning outcomes: While a small number of children perform well, the majority of pupils (more than 60%) pass through primary school without becoming proficient in numeracy and literacy. Specifically, children from Ghana’s northern regions and deprived districts, poor and rural households and ethnic and linguistic minorities – students who require the most support to meet learning outcomes – receive, on average, disproportionately fewer resources from the government than their peers. Systemic inequities create this missing middle and drag down system performance. Following a decade of rapid change, as of 2013, more children are attending basic and senior high schools than at any time in the history of Ghana. In the past decade...

Subjective well being and basic needs: evidence from rural Guatemala

Guardiola, Jorge; Garc??a-Mu??oz, Teresa
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
This paper deals with the basic needs fulfilment interpreted in a subjective way. We first consider the theoretical implications that basic needs have, from the perception of the individuals, within the literature of subjective well being. Secondly, we estimate the influence of some characteristics into the reported basic needs from a sample in rural Guatemala. An ordinal regression indicates that some indicators such as education and certain livelihoods are related to perceived basic needs fulfilment in a positive way. However, others like income and relative income have no influence on it. We compare income poverty with a measure of perceived basic needs poverty, finding that both measures do not mathc perfectly. From this evidence, we conclude that in order to better understand the composition of basic needs in developing economies from a subjective perspective it is necessary to take into consideration the endemic factors of the region were people dwell as well as to complete the income based approaches with other variables.

A statistical analysis of the performance of Naval Academy graduates at the Basic Officer Course

Finley, Todd R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 128 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis examines the performance of Naval Academy Graduates at the Marine Corps' Basic Officer Course conducted at The Basic School in Quantico, Virginia. The study reviews the Marine Officer Commissioning and Training programs available and provides an overview of the mission and goals of Officer Candidates School and The Basic School. The study examines Marine Corps training programs used at the Naval Academy between 1988 and 1999 with an overview of Marine Corp s exposure programs and Marine-specific training programs designed to prepare aspiring midshipmen for service in the Marine Corps. The analysis includes a review of the Naval Academy's service selection and service assignment processes. The models used in this study focus on the impact of Marine-specific summer training for Naval Academy midshipmen on class standing at The Basic School for newly commissioned Second Lieutenants who attended the Academy. Ordinary least squares estimation techniques provide the effects of the selected independent variables on students' success at The Basic School. The results of the study indicate that those completing the OCS/Bulldog summer training program had a significantly higher class standing at The Basic School than other Marine-specific summer training programs.; Major...

The Navy's Delayed Entry Program: a study of the effectiveness of preparing recruits for basic training

Nell, John Dennis
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 96 p.;28 cm.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; In FY-97, over 14 percent of all recruits who entered basic training attrited and nearly one-third of these were due to motivational problems. Could adequate training in the Navy's Delayed Entry Program (DEP) provide the necessary tools to prepare recruits for basic training and reduce attrition? This thesis examines the DEP's effectiveness in preparing recruits for basic training. It examines how well the recruits were prepared; the types of training conducted; how effectively the recruits perceived their training to be while in the DEP; use of the DEP Personnel Qualification Standards (PQS); DEP meetings; and required recruiter/recruit weekly contact. Recruits at basic training were surveyed on various questions that pertained to their time in the DEP. The findings showed that training is not being conducted in the DEP. DEP PQS is not utilized as a primary training guide. Over one-third of the recruits sampled indicated that they were not told what to expect at basic training. Finally, over one-third of the recruits felt that the DEP did not prepare them for basic training. Recommendations were made to improve training in the DEP; http://www.archive.org/details/navysdelayedentr00nell; Lieutenant...

Tracking Basic Education Expenditure in Yemen : Analyses of Public Resource Management and Teacher Absenteeism

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
Yemen faces significant challenges in expanding access and promoting quality for improved educational outcomes. The study employs both qualitative and quantitative methods to provide recommendations for tracking public expenditure and improving service delivery in the basic education sector in Yemen. To this end, it documents the management of public resources in Yemen's education sector and potential inefficiencies in the use of these resources. This report, through its various components, revealed significant impediments-teacher deployment and salary payment, materials provision, student and teacher attendance, among others-on the path to improving education service delivery in Yemen. This study examines four main research issues related to Yemen's education sector: 1) leakage in the flow of funds, 2) compliance with financial management standards, 3) incentives to provide better quality services, and 4) teacher management issues. The study investigates the disparities and inconsistencies between formal regulations and informal practices in teacher deployment, wage payments, and resource allocations to schools. The study explores how absenteeism correlates with a wide range of potential determinants of the quality of education at the individual...

Developing the Workforce, Shaping the Future : Transformation of Madagascar's Post-basic Education

Bashir, Sajitha
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Sub-Saharan African countries are increasingly recognizing the contribution of post basic education to economic growth and social development. However, policy makers in many poor countries struggle to balance expansion and upgrading of post-basic education reform against competing development priorities. They must consider how and sometimes whether, to fund post-basic education in the face of demographic growth, limited public resources, and political and social imperatives. In its new poverty reduction and growth strategy, the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP), the Government of Madagascar made the transformation of its education system one of the key pillars of its development agenda. An important decision was the reform of basic education, covering primary and junior secondary education, including extension of the basic education cycle to 10 years. The Government's new Education for All (EFA) plan provides the policy framework and operational strategies for basic education, covering changes to curricula and learning materials...

Understanding Child Labor in Ghana Beyond Poverty : The Structure of the Economy, Social Norms, and No Returns to Rural Basic Education

Krauss, Alexander
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
One in six children age 6-14 are engaged in labor activities in Ghana, with child employment being the leading alternative to schooling. By exploring structural, institutional, geographic, monetary, demographic, and cultural factors affecting household decisions about child labor, the paper's main purpose is to identify the conditions and characteristics of working children, the root causes of their vulnerability, and thus help to inform decision-makers and actors who draft and implement public policy of possible ways to tackle child labor in Ghana. The paper empirically assesses the effects of individual, household, community, regional, and national factors on child labor simultaneously. Findings from the analysis indicate that the underlying causes of child labor vary from factors as widespread in their influence as the structure of the economy (which is largely shaped by family farming), demographics and relevant social norms to those as specific in their manifestation as the geographic isolation of particular groups in the North...

Madagascar - Post Primary Education : Developing the Workforce, Shaping the Future - Transformation of Madagascar's Post-Basic Education

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
The main purpose of this report is to provide analytical inputs for the development of post-basic education reforms. Specifically, the report identifies and prioritizes: (i) the need for change in the structure, content and delivery of Madagascar's post-basic education and training system, and (ii) the key reforms in financing, governance and sub-sector management required to support changes to the structure, content and delivery of the post-basic system. The Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) outlines an ambitious development strategy, focusing on promoting investment in high growth sectors and regional development. If successful, it will change the demand for skills in fundamental ways. Since 2005, foreign direct investment has increased rapidly. Madagascar's core challenges and the window of opportunity provided by the implementation of basic education reform imply that reform must improve the quality and relevance of post-basic education, while putting cost-effective mechanisms for expanding access in place. Post-basic reform should not focus exclusively on a massive expansion of the existing post-basic system. Instead...

Developing the Workforce, Shaping the Future : Transformation of Madagascar's Post-Basic Education, Annexes to the Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
The main purpose of this report is to provide analytical inputs for the development of post-basic education reforms. Specifically, the report identifies and prioritizes: (i) the need for change in the structure, content and delivery of Madagascar's post-basic education and training system, and (ii) the key reforms in financing, governance and sub-sector management required to support changes to the structure, content and delivery of the post-basic system. The Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) outlines an ambitious development strategy, focusing on promoting investment in high growth sectors and regional development. If successful, it will change the demand for skills in fundamental ways. Since 2005, foreign direct investment has increased rapidly. Madagascar's core challenges and the window of opportunity provided by the implementation of basic education reform imply that reform must improve the quality and relevance of post-basic education, while putting cost-effective mechanisms for expanding access in place. Post-basic reform should not focus exclusively on a massive expansion of the existing post-basic system. Instead...

Philippines : Basic Education Public Expenditure Review

World Bank; Australia AID
Fonte: World Bank, Pasig City, Philippines Publicador: World Bank, Pasig City, Philippines
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
The 2010 Philippines Basic Education Public Expenditure Review (BEPER) provides an overview of public expenditures and outcomes in the basic education sector since 2000. The PER team intends this analysis to assist the Department of Education (DepED) in setting policy priorities and in making decisions on resource allocation, utilization, and management. In this review, we analyze trends in education performance as they relate to the Philippines' Education for All (EFA) goals and the objectives of the Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda (BESRA). The analysis traces trends in government spending and their impact on basic education inputs and outcomes. It also examines the equity dimensions of the education outcomes and spending across geographic areas, households of different income levels, and gender. It examine in detail the processes for executing DepED's priority programs such as the provision of new teaching posts, school buildings, furniture, and textbooks, and we identify potential bottlenecks that slow implementation. Although the Government of the Philippines has committed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and EFA goals by 2015, its level of investment in basic education is not sufficient for realizing these commitments. The PER analysis suggests that although the basic education sector needs additional resources for rapidly expanding the supply of key inputs for quality education services...

Le revenu de citoyenneté : entre émancipation et assujettissement. L'exemple du Basic Income Grant en Namibie.

Chalifour, Julie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
De la capacité d’une société à repenser ses liens sociaux, dépend son développement à la fois politique, social et économique. L’État peut, pour contribuer de manière déterminante à la production de sens, développer des outils, entre autres des mécanismes de redistribution, susceptibles d’assurer la solidarité et la cohésion sociale. L’enjeu est d’importance pour certains pays comme la Namibie, dont l'histoire est marquée par le colonialisme et l'apartheid ─desquels il s'est libéré il y a à peine plus de vingt ans─ et qui sont construits sur une logique de séparation inégalitaire des droits et des ressources. À partir de l'exemple du Basic Income Grant (BIG), projet-pilote de revenu citoyen garanti mis en place dans un village de la Namibie entre 2007 et 2009, ce mémoire propose d'explorer l'apport du concept d'empowerment dans ce projet en tant qu'outil de déconstruction de ces structures inégalitaires. Après avoir exposé différentes conceptions des notions de pauvreté, de richesse et de développement, nous aborderons la question du revenu citoyen garanti et de la place qu'il peut prendre dans différents systèmes de protection sociale. Puis, nous tenterons de mieux cerner le concept d'empowerment pour finalement arriver à répondre à notre principal questionnement: le projet BIG permet-il effectivement l'émancipation ou au contraire...

Inclusive basic education in South Africa: Issues in its conceptualisation and implementation

Murungi,LN
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Education is one of the most topical issues in South Africa. In recent years, particularly in the period after the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006) (hereinafter CRPD), the discourse on the education of children with disabilities has mainly focused on the potential of White Paper 6 on Special Needs Education (2001) (hereinafter WP 6) and its implementing programmes to facilitate the realisation of the right to education for children with disabilities. The CRPD proposes inclusive education as the appropriate way of ensuring the right to education for children with disabilities, and sets out a framework for the implementation thereof. In addition, the CRPD sets out other principles which essentially redefine the approach to the interpretation and implementation of the rights of persons with disabilities. One such principle is the principle of non-discrimination, which demands that all rights be implemented on a basis of equality between all people, disability notwithstanding. Arguably, the legal and policy frameworks on education in South Africa reflect the standards proposed under the CRPD to some extent, and other instruments on the right to education. However, there are still considerable challenges in the conceptualisation and implementation of inclusive education...

Critical reflections about basic universalism

Narbondo,Pedro
Fonte: Revista Uruguaya de Ciencia Política Publicador: Revista Uruguaya de Ciencia Política
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
In the last few years Basic Universalism has become one of the main topics in the agenda of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) concerning social rights in South America. It is stated that Basic Universalism (BU) allows for a better allocation of social public expenditure by first focusing it on the universalization of basic social services of good quality, and then moving towards complete universalization. In this paper I claim that the establishment and effective implementation of BU do not lead to the universalization of a great number of basic services of good quality and quantity, or to the progressive universalization of all the social benefits. On the contrary, I consider that it generates a tendency towards mercantilization in both levels, basic and non basic. At the same time, it stimulates the decrease in quantity and quality of free basic services, with the consequent reproduction, in the access to both basic and non basic social benefits, of inequalities in income, produced by labor and financial markets.