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Análise comparativa da rentabilidade do setor bancário privado atuante no Brasil no período de 1997 a 2004 ; Comparative analyses of the return on equity from the private banking sector that operates in Brazil in the period from 1997 to 2004

Gregorio, Jaime
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/11/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
O objetivo desta dissertação foi investigar se a Rentabilidade sobre o Patrimônio Líquido (ROE) do setor bancário privado atuante no Brasil foi maior do que a dos setores não-financeiros privados no período de 1997 a 2004. Partiu-se de uma comparação geral para comparações mais detalhadas a fim de se chegar a respostas mais consistentes e verificar se o que vale para o todo vale para as partes que o compõem. Considerou-se tanto o ROE legal quanto o ROE ajustado pelos efeitos da inflação. Analisou-se também a rentabilidade dos cinco maiores bancos privados brasileiros comparativamente a seus pares de países desenvolvidos selecionados. Por fim, foi analisado se a rentabilidade auferida pelo setor bancário privado foi maior do que seu custo de capital próprio, ou seja, se seu spread econômico foi positivo.Utilizou-se, como medida para comparação, a média dos ROE’s e o seu desvio padrão. Para estimação do custo do capital próprio foi utilizado o CAPM tendo como benchmark as taxas dos EUA adaptadas ao risco Brasil. Os resultados da pesquisa evidenciaram que, na média, a rentabilidade do setor bancário privado foi maior do que a dos setores não-financeiros privados e apresentou menor volatilidade, tanto pelo ROE legal quanto pelo ROE ajustado pelos efeitos da inflação...

Politically Exposed Persons : Preventive Measures for the Banking Sector

Greenberg, Theodore S.; Gray, Larissa; Schantz, Delphine; Gardner, Carolin; Latham, Michael
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%
The paper is focused on the banking sector, not on other financial and nonfinancial sectors vulnerable to the laundering of corrupt funds. These other sectors may find the recommendations and good practices provided in this paper relevant, but should analyze the findings of this paper in light of their particular circumstances and specific features. The paper includes a number of practical tools to help guide banks, regulators, and other public authorities. The paper is organized into four major parts: the remainder of this part (part one) sets out some of the main observations and trends in politically exposed person (PEPs) compliance and an analysis of the principal reasons for poor compliance and overall ineffectiveness of systems to detect and monitor PEPs. Part two focuses on the implementation of PEP measures by regulatory authorities and banks. Part three reviews the roles of the public authorities that are primarily involved in preventing abuse by corrupt PEPs. These authorities include the regulatory authority...

Banking Sector Competition in Russia

Anzoategui, Diego; Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad; Melecky, Martin
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%
The Russian banking sector includes approximately 1,000 banks, but is it competitive? This paper analyzes bank competition in Russia during 2002-2008. The authors examine indicators of concentration and contestability, and compute non-structural measures of competition. They compare competition in Russia to that in Brazil, China, and India, and contrast competition across different groups of banks within Russia. Contestability in Russia is obstructed by uneven supervisory practices and an unclear exit process. Non-structural measures reveal that banks in Russia are less competitive than those in Brazil. Within Russia, large banks and state-owned banks exert more market power than the smaller and privately-owned institutions. Finally, business-oriented banks are more competitive than those concentrating on lending to individuals.

A Framework for Analyzing Competition in the Banking Sector : An Application to the Case of Jordan

Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Martínez Pería, María Soledad
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
This paper proposes a framework to analyze competition in the banking sector using Jordan as an example. In particular, the paper pursues a multi-pronged approach to analyze competition including (i) an examination of the extent to which the market is contestable (that is, has low barriers to bank entry and exit), (b) an evaluation of the behavior of bank spreads, and (iii) an assessment of non-structural and direct measures of bank competition such as the H-statistic and the Lerner Index. This approach provides a more comprehensive framework to examine competition in the banking sector, compared with the commonly used alternative of looking only at bank concentration figures. In the case of Jordan, the analysis indicates that although concentration has declined, competition in the country is low and has decreased over time.

Remittances and Banking Sector Breadth and Depth : Evidence from Mexico

Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli; López Córdova, Ernesto; Martínez Pería, María Soledad; Woodruff, Christopher
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
Despite the rising volume of remittances flowing to developing countries, their impact on banking sector breadth and depth in recipient countries has been largely unexplored. The authors examine this topic using municipio-level data on the fraction of households that receive remittances and on measures of banking breadth and depth for Mexico. They find that remittances are strongly associated with greater banking breadth and depth, increasing the number of branches and accounts per capita and the ratio of deposits to gross domestic product. These effects are significant both statistically and economically, even after conducting robustness tests and addressing the potential endogeneity of remittances.

Banking Sector Openness and Economic Growth

Bayraktar, Nihal; Wang, Yan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Banking sector openness may directly affect growth by improving the access to financial services and indirectly by improving the efficiency of financial intermediaries, both of which reduce the cost of financing, and in turn, stimulate capital accumulation and economic growth. The objective of the paper is to empirically reinvestigate these direct and indirect links using a more advanced econometric technique (GMM dynamic panel estimators). An illustrative model is presented to link financial market development with investment. The empirical results confirm the presence of direct and indirect links, and thus provide support for countries planning to open their banking sector for international competition.

Slovenia : Pilot Diagnostic Review of Governance of the Banking Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.68%
The financial crises of the late 1990s in East Asia and Eastern Europe, as well as the recent corporate governance scandals in Europe and America, have highlighted the need for strong corporate governance in ensuring a sound and stable financial sector. The governance practices of banks are important because banks accept deposits from the public, whose funds the government has an implicit (and often an explicit) obligation to protect. Banks are also subject to information asymmetries and high leverage, both of which make banks vulnerable to a sudden run on deposits where public confidence fails. The Slovenian bank governance review has three objectives to: 1) conduct a review of the Slovenian bank governance framework, 2) make recommendations on provisions that would help to strengthen the governance structure of banks in Slovenia, and 3) refine the good practices developed for the pilot banking governance review program. In addition, the international community has encouraged the strengthening of governance in the banking sector. The Slovenian banking sector has successfully weathered the financial crisis seen in other countries in 1997-1998...

Morocco : Financial Sector Strategy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.7%
The report presents an overview of financial sector reforms in Morocco, between 1990-1998, a period notable for liberalization. Reforms targeted the banking sector, development of the capital market, and liberalization of the financial sector, with recent reform efforts focused on savings institutions (insurance and pension funds). Included were the elimination of credit ceilings, interest rate liberalization, and overhaul of the legislative framework governing lending institutions, namely through the adoption of the new Banking Law of 1993. As a result, the financial sector is increasingly operating in accordance with market rules, and, financial inter-mediation has intensified. The financial situation of commercial banks is healthy, and has clearly improved since 1993, with foreign exchange risk exposure well below prudential limits. However, management of credit risk should improve, due to the high percentage of non-recoverable loans. Return on equity of Moroccan banks has been satisfactorily achieved, despite weak responsiveness by bank lending...

Financial Sector Assessment Program : Nigeria - Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.72%
The assessment of the current state of the implementation of the Basel Core Principles (BCP) for effective banking supervision in Nigeria, against the BCP methodology issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) in October 2006, was completed between August 27 and September 19, 2012, as part of a Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) update, undertaken jointly by the Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, and reflects the regulatory and supervisory framework in place as of the date of the completion of the assessment. An assessment of the effectiveness of banking supervision requires a review of the legal framework, both generally and as specifically related to the financial sector, and a detailed examination of the policies and practices of the institutions responsible for banking supervision. Banking systems differ from one country to another, as do their domestic circumstances. The BCPs are capable of application to a wide range of jurisdictions whose banking sectors will inevitably include a broad spectrum of banks. The co-ordination of the activities of the Nigerian banking sector supervisory authorities is conducted under the aegis of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)/Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) executive committee on supervision which should ensure that operations of the two supervisory authorities are coordinated to remove overlaps...

Kenya Economic Update, December 2013, No. 9 : Reinvigorating Growth with a Dynamic Banking Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
Kenyans are living two decades longer; the fertility and infant mortality rates have been cut in half; and school enrollment, at both the primary and secondary level, has more than doubled. On the economic front, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increased eightfold; the largest share of GDP is the services sector, not agriculture; and the financial sector is now the third largest in Sub-Saharan Africa (after South Africa and Nigeria). Kenya strengthened its external position substantially in recent years, accumulating international reserves to meet program targets under the successfully completed international monetary fund (IMF) program. Reforms have improved the resilience of the banking sector to domestic and international shocks. With the advent of mobile information and communications technology (ICT) developments, the ceiling for innovation targeting specific segments of the market and outreach has been raised almost indefinitely. Kenyan banks are ahead of their counterparts in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of the share of lending to small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in their portfolios. A mature banking sector and more generally...

Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program; Corporate Governance Review of the Moldovan Banking Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.67%
The banking sector in Moldova is in the midst of structural changes with worrisome corporate governance issues at the core. Corporate governance is at the center of a stable and profitable banking sector which is essential to support economic growth and productivity. However, the banking system in Moldova suffers from critical governance weaknesses which the National Bank of Moldova (NBM) has been unable to effectively address. The illicit schemes used to gain control of the majority of the banking sector’s assets have involved raider attacks by unidentified individuals whose subsequent, de facto, related party transactions have caused the deterioration of bank balance sheets. The recent changes in controlling ownership have resulted in nontransparent appointments of board members and Chief Executive Officers (CEOs). This has led to substantial blurring of the roles and responsibilities of ownership, oversight (board), and management, resulting in no clear accountability. The legal and institutional corporate governance framework in Moldova is weak. Sound corporate governance is first and foremost dependent upon the motivations of owners and the resultant business culture they instill through their selection and appointment of board members. In Moldova...

Uruguay : Financial Sector Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.73%
The study reviews Uruguay's financial sector, identifying a well-developed banking sector, which reflects off-shore banking growth stimulated by regional macroeconomic instability, and by the country's strict national banking laws. By contrast, the country's capital market is underdeveloped, with a market capitalization of less than one percent of GDP, compared to the average ten percent in emerging markets. Similarly, the contractual savings sector, including pension/mutual funds, and insurance companies, is highly incipient. The small open economy has significant implications for its financial sector strategy, since its domestic economy is not large enough to sustain a domestic financial sector, particularly considering increased border trade in financial services, via electronic banking, and securities trading. Thus, its alternative may be to become highly competitive in banking services, including exporting these services. Based on substantiated evidence, it is suggested that the comparative advantage of Uruguayan banks is gradually eroding...

Banking Policy and Macroeconomic Stability: An Exploration

Caprio, Gerard, Jr.; Honohan, Patrick
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.7%
Whether and when does banking serve to stabilize the economy? The authors view the banking system as a filter through which foreign and domestic shocks feed through to the domestic economy. The filter can dampen or amplify the shocks through various credit market channels, including credit growth, import of foreign capital, and possibly interest rates. The question is whether the prudential quality of banking, as proxied by measures of regulatory quality and openness to foreign banking, amplify or dampen these shocks. The authors find that many of the regulatory characteristics that have been found to deepen a financial system and make it more robust to crises-notably those which empower the private sector-also appear to reduce the sector's ability to provide short-term insulation to the macro-economy. It is as if prudent bankers are reluctant to absorb short-term risks that, if neglected, might cause solvency and growth problems in the longer run. Forbearance might dampen short-term volatility, but at the expense of the longer run health of the banking sector and the economy. One way to avoid this apparent tradeoff is evident: banking systems which have a higher share of foreign-owned banks...

Russia : Financial Sector Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.7%
This Financial Sector Assessment (FSA) is a summary of some of the findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) report for the Russian Federation, which was prepared jointly by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Bank in close cooperation with the Russian authorities. Given the small size of the financial sector, the effects of a potential financial sector distress on the macro-economy would be relatively small. However, there are serious weaknesses in the financial sector per se, hampering the development of the sector, and its ability to allocate resources in the Russian economy. A few interlinked issues cut across the banking, capital markets, and the insurance sectors. In spite of recent improvements, the lack of transparency in the ownership structures, and poor corporate governance, including banks, slowed down the development of the sector, and hindered financial decisions, and prudential supervision. There has been progress in implementing structural reforms in key areas, e.g., the agricultural land market...

Banking Sector Stability, Efficiency, and Outreach in Kenya

Beck, Thorsten; Cull, Robert; Fuchs, Michael; Getenga, Jared; Gatere, Peter; Randa, John; Trandafir, Mircea
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.72%
Although Kenya's financial system is by far the largest and most developed in East Africa and its stability has improved significantly over the past years, many challenges remain. This paper assesses the stability, efficiency, and outreach of Kenya's banking system, using aggregate, bank-level, and survey data. Banks' asset quality and liquidity positions have improved, making the system more resistant to shocks, and interest rate spreads have declined, in part due to reduction in the overhead costs of foreign banks. Outreach remains limited, but has improved in recent years, driven by mobile payments services in the domestic remittance market. Fostering a level regulatory playing field for all deposit-taking institutions is a key remaining challenge. Specifically, an effective but not overly burdensome framework for regulation and supervision of microfinance institutions and cooperatives is a priority. Maintaining an openness to new, and non-bank, providers of financial services, which has enabled the success of mobile payments...

Foreign Entry in Turkey's Banking Sector, 1980-97

Denizer, Cevdet
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
Despite high and volatile inflation, a record number of foreign and local banks entered Turkey's banking sector after the country relaxed rules about bank entry, and generally eliminated controls on interest rates, and financial intermediation in 1980. The country's financial integration with the rest of the world took a big step forward with the opening up of the capital account in 1989. Capital inflows rose significantly, and the financial system became increasingly linked with external markets. The author examines one dimension of liberalization: the impact of foreign banks entering the financial sector. Between 1980 and the end of 1997, 17 foreign banks, and a number of new local banks entered the sector. The author investigates how these banks' entry into the sector affected performance, based on three measures: net interest margin, overhead expenses, and return on assets (all expressed as a percentage of total assets). He finds that: 1) Foreign bank ownership is related to all three performance measures. 2) Foreign bank entry reduced the overhead expenses of domestic commercial banks, strengthening profits. 3) Despite their small scale operations, foreign banks entering the sector had a strong effect on competition. But the market could use more competition. 4) There are strong indications that foreign banks had a positive impact on financial...

Financial Intermediation in the Pre-Consolidated Banking Sector in Nigeria

Hesse, Heiko
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.7%
This paper uses unique bank-by-bank balance sheet and income statement information to investigate the intermediation efficiency in the Nigerian pre-consolidated banking sector during 2000-05. The author analyzes whether the Central Bank of Nigeria's policy of recent banking consolidation can be justified and rationalized by looking at the determinants of spreads. A spread decomposition and panel estimations show that the reform of the banking sector could be the first step to raise the intermediation efficiency of the Nigerian banking sector. The author finds that larger banks have enjoyed lower overhead costs, increased concentration in the banking sector has not been detrimental to the spreads, both increased holdings of liquidity and capital might have led to lower spreads in 2005, and a stable macroeconomic environment is conducive to a more efficient channeling of savings to productive investments.

Using Development-Oriented Equity Investment as a Tool for Restructuring Transition Banking Sectors

Meigas, Helo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.71%
Over the past 10 years the three Baltic republics have undertaken significant restructuring of their banking sectors, supported by the World Bank through three projects: the Financial Institutions Development Project in Estonia, the Enterprise and Financial Sector Restructuring Project in Latvia, and the Enterprise and Financial Sector Project in Lithuania. These projects included a credit line, channeled through local commercial banks, to provide long-term funding and complementary technical assistance to private enterprises. In parallel, the government of Sweden injected equity into the commercial banks from Swedfund Financial Markets (SFM). The projects and the accompanying Swedfund equity were aimed at promoting sound banking systems in the three Baltic countries-by strengthening the equity in the banks and thereby expanding medium- and long-term financing. Meigas examines the role of SFM-which provides development-oriented equity investment (DEI) to Baltic banks-in the context of the World Bank programs. She examines the arguments for deploying DEI as a development vehicle by gauging its impact in the three Baltic countries on banking skills and services...

Macroeconomic Shocks and Banking Sector Developments in Egypt

Herrera, Santiago; Youssef, Hoda
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%
From 2008 to 2011, Egypt was hit by significant shocks, both global and country-specific. This paper assesses the impact of the resulting macroeconomic instability on the banking sector, and examines its role as a shock absorber. The Central Bank of Egypt accommodated the shocks by supplying liquidity to the market. The paper verifies a change in the fiscal regime from one in which the primary fiscal balance was used an instrument to stabilize the public debt ratio to one in which the policy instrument stopped playing that role and affected investors' assessment of the risk of holding public debt. This pattern suggests that fiscal conditions influenced exchange rate and price expectations originating a fiscal dominance situation in which the Central Bank could not control inflation. Hence, the Central Bank lacked functional independence in spite of its de jure independence, which underscores the importance of strengthening institutions that facilitate policy coordination and allow policy to be more predictable. The government also funds itself through non-market mechanisms...

FUSIONS AND ACQUISITIONS IN THE BRAZILIAN BANKING SECTOR: A STUDY ABOUT THE IMPACTS OF ITAÚ-UNIBANCO OVER THE PREFERRED STOCK ITUB4; FUSÕES E AQUISIÇÕES NO SETOR BANCÁRIO BRASILEIRO: UM ESTUDO SOBRE OS IMPACTOS DO ITAÚ-UNIBANCO NAS AÇÕES PREFERENCIAIS ITUB4

Quintairos, Paulo César Ribeiro; UNITAU; Oliveira, Edson Aparecida Querido de Araújo; UNIVERSIDADE DE TAUBATÉ; Barbosa, Rogério; UNIVERSIDADE DE TAUBATÉ
Fonte: UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARANÁ - ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT Publicador: UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARANÁ - ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/10/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
The fusion of banks Itaú and Unibanco is a particularly relevant fact in the process of economic development of the Brazilian banking sector. It is a milestone in the consolidation of this sector, which started from the economic stabilization started with the Plano Real. This paper presents a study on the variations in the price of preferred stock of ItauUnibanco (ITUB4), in order to verify if this stock allowed the investors gains above the market average, which is measured by the index Bovespa - IBOV. It also presents a comparison among the behavior of the ITUB4 and the preferred stock of Banco Bradesco - BBDC4, which is the second largest brazilian private bank. The prices comparison (for  ITUB4 and BBDC4) and  the scoring (for IBOV) was made from the daily values of opening, closing, highest, lowest and volume. The values were compared by calculating the correlation and t test, considering alpha equal to 0.05. The results show that by operating with ITUB4, only was possible to obtain gains superior to IBOV and BBDC4 making use of speculative strategies, wich are characterized by short term operations.; A fusão dos bancos Itaú e Unibanco é um fato relevante no processo de desenvolvimento econômico do setor bancário brasileiro. É um marco na consolidação desse setor...