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Financing Higher Education in Africa

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
This report demonstrated that the key for success in a globalized world lies increasingly in how effectively a country can assimilate the available knowledge and build comparative advantages in areas with good growth prospects and how it can use technology to address the most pressing environmental challenges. Higher-level institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa that is equipped to impart quality education and conduct relevant applied research can play a critical role in producing workers with the skills to assimilate technology and make effective decisions that help industry to diversify into a broader range of products. Good-quality and relevant higher education is also a key to stimulating innovations in new varieties of crops, new materials, or sources of energy that would facilitate progress toward reducing poverty, achieving food security, and improving health. This report is a follow-up to the 2008 study. It examines current practices in financing higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa, taking into account the significant differences that exist among countries. Drawing on experience from around the world...

Accelerating Catch-up : Tertiary Education for Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
This report argues that if a growth surge is to evolve into a virtuous spiral that stimulates even higher and sustained growth rates in a substantial number of African countries, a significant increase in investment in physical and human capital is needed over an extended period. This report stresses that there is an urgent need for countries in Sub-Sahara Africa to acquire the capabilities that will spawn new industries that create more productive jobs, multiple linkages, and a wider range of exports. This volume lucidly spells out the case for more knowledge-intensive growth, which demands increasing attention to secondary and, most important, postsecondary education. Despite rising enrollment in tertiary-level institutions, the numbers of students graduating are pitifully small. And despite reform efforts, the quality remains well below par. However, change for the better is in the air, and improved economic prospects provide both the resources and the opportunity to forge ahead. The need for urgency...

Public Expenditure Tracking and Service Delivery Survey : Education and Health in Honduras - Background Chapters

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
This report aims at providing the Government of Honduras (GOH) with a tool to improve efficiency in the management of existing public resources in the education and health sectors, in order to increase access and provide better education and health services to the poor. Specifically, the objectives of the study are to: i) identify how resources are allocated and used in the education and health sectors; ii) identify leakages and inefficiencies in the system; iii) analyze how existing management models perform and how different public management instruments are applied in each sector; and iv) issue recommendations for improving the management of resources in the education and health sectors. The education and health sectors account for 46.2 percent of Central Government expenditures and have been highlighted as major drivers of growth. The main focus of the analysis in the education sector are the funds allocated to human resources given that it accounts for more than 80 per cent of the budget. The report presents the methodology and main findings from the survey that was carried out between November 2008 and October 2009. The main recommendation of the report is that an effort should be made in order to improve the scope...

Education in Ghana : Improving Equity, Efficiency and Accountability of Education Service Delivery

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
The purpose of this report is to provide sound analytical foundations for strategic planning and sector dialogue between education policy makers, development partners and civil society representatives at a key turning point in the development of education in Ghana. During the last five years, access has radically improved. As the Government of Ghana (GOG) refines its economic development and poverty reduction agendas, it has become increasingly clear that better quality learning and increased educational attainment across the country are essential part of that agenda. After six years of accelerated growth in the sector, the Government and the stakeholders have come to the conclusion that an earlier strategic plan needs to be revised for a number of reasons. Extensive growth seems to have reached a point after which the scale of education services cannot be stretched too far. Gross admission rate to primary education is over a hundred percent, gross enrollment rate at primary level is in the upper 90 percentile...

The Road Not Traveled : Education Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
This report focuses on the economic rather than the social and cultural dimensions of education. Its approach in answering the questions raised is analytical and comparative in nature. Education outcomes in the region are compared with education outcomes in other developing countries. The development impact of investment in education is considered in the context of the large body of literature on the subject. The education reform strategies in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are assessed on the basis of a new analytical framework. Labor market outcomes are evaluated on the basis of how well these markets function, given past reform efforts. The feature of the report is that it covers all levels of instruction, not just basic, secondary, or higher education. Although the primary focus of the report is education, it was important to pay special attention to domestic labor markets and migration. After all, this is where the returns to education are determined and its impact on development made.

The Evolving Regulatory Context for Private Education in Emerging Economies : Discussion Paper and Case Studies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
The approach to regulating private sector education is as unique as the countries in which the institutions are located. Governments are under considerable pressure as they endeavor to meet access to education targets at all levels, from basic to tertiary. Increasingly, governments are recognizing that they are unable to meet these demands without investment from private providers and thus are eager to ensure that providers and investors are of the highest possible quality. Many governments are endeavoring to determine the most appropriate policy framework that will enable the private sector to contribute to national education goals. Regulation of private education is an issue of critical importance for all stakeholders involved: government, providers, investors, parents, and students. How the government frames its regulatory policies will determine the ease, or difficulty, for private providers to enter the market. At their best, regulations can be welcome guidelines to enable quality providers to understand the requirements for working in a given jurisdiction. When regulations are transparent and appropriately applied...

Linking Education Policy to Labor Market Outcomes

Fasih, Tazeen
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
Education plays a central role in preparing individuals to enter the labor force, as well as equipping them with the skills to engage in lifelong learning experiences. The objective of this study is to review what is known about the role of education in improving labor market outcomes, with a particular focus on policy considerations for developing countries. The report presents findings from current literature on the topic, which offers new ways of looking at the returns to education, together with evidence from four original data analysis and background studies of education and labor issues in Ghana and Pakistan. Country studies on Ghana and Pakistan are used to substantiate findings of the literature and illustrate the heterogeneity of education labor market linkages across regions. These countries were chosen because they are representative of two of the poorest regions of the world and because their inclusion in the analysis complements ongoing World Bank work on education and labor market issues in those countries. This report offers two types of findings: those relevant to the content of educational policies and those relevant to the framework for educational policy making.

Survey of ICT and Education in Africa : Guinea-Bissau Country Report

Tutu, Osei Agyeman
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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56.29%
This short country report, a result of larger Information for Development Program (infoDev)-supported survey of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in education in Africa, provides a general overview of current activities and issues related to ICT use in education in the country. Guinea-Bissau is a small country of fewer than two million inhabitants. Civil war in the late 1990s destroyed its infrastructure and economy and displaced hundreds of thousands of its population. Recent multi-party elections installed a civilian regime in 2005. A key priority of the new government is infrastructure reconstruction, including those related to education, telecommunication, and electric power. The government of Guinea-Bissau has obtained assistance from the African Development Bank and the World Bank to rehabilitate some of the destroyed infrastructure. That said, the state of telecommunications is quite poor and the electricity supply is sporadic.

Population Issues in the 21st Century : The Role of the World Bank

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
The objective of this paper is to discuss some obstacles and opportunities presented by population processes in order to prioritize areas for investment and analytical work as background information for the 2007 HNP Sector Strategy. Within HNP, two areas fall within population: (1) reproductive, maternal, and sexual health issues, and the health services that address them; and (2) levels and trends in births, deaths, and migration that determine population growth and age structure. Many of the aspects of delivery of sexual and reproductive health services are addressed in the overall sector strategy. This paper, therefore, focuses on the determinants and consequences of demographic change, and on policies and interventions that pertain to fertility and family planning. The paper consists of five sections. First, this section defines the scope of population as used in the HNP sector, and the areas that will be considered in this note are specified. This is followed by a description of recent trends in demographic indicators that have created the demographic backdrops for addressing development issues. The third section discusses the role the World Bank can play in population issues and places population within the context of economic growth...

Making Education Spending Count for the Children of Autonomous Muslim Region of Mindanao

Australia DFAT; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
The project builds on support to DepEd ARMM through the Australian Aid Basic Education Assistance for Mindanao (BEAM) activity, and further initiatives by the World Bank and partners. Chapter two of this report proceeds with an introduction to ARMM’s development context, including the evolution of regional institutions and the basic education system. Chapter three describes the unique ARMM Public Expenditure Management ‘syndrome’ that contributes to the weaknesses analyzed in this report, and in turn informs its policy recommendations. Chapter four analyzes pub¬lic expenditures for basic education in terms of aggregate spending, expenditure composi¬tion, and specific challenges that the ARMM PEM syndrome poses for budgeting. Chapter five assesses budget execution and frontline delivery aspects of basic education resources, incorporating findings from the facilities survey. Chapter six summarizes the findings on public expenditure management for education in ARMM and derives recommendations both for reforms to ARMM institutions and for consideration by the transition commission and other stakeholders in the preparations for a new Bangsamoro political entity.

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Research reported in this paper tests the hypothesis that Bank education projects for which the project appraisal documents are judged "good" have a higher probability of leading to successful outcomes than projects for which the appraisals are judged "poor." The research draws on project document evaluations carried out between 1993 and 1998. Analysis shows a strong relationship between the quality of cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis and the quality of project outcomes. Economic analysis of projects is a tool for weeding out potentially poor investments and selecting potentially worthwhile ones. The economic analysis can be used to select among alternative projects or to redesign project components so that they yield more and produce better outcomes. Good practice education projects require good economic analysis--analysis of demand, of the counterfactual private sector supply, of the project's fiscal impact, of lending fungibility--and strong sector work before project design.

Do Scholarships Help Students Continue Their Education?

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
The World Bank is committed to assisting developing countries raise their educational standards, part of the United Nations millennium development goals. The work includes supporting projects that explore how best to support children staying in school. One recent project was in Cambodia, where boys and girls from poor families were offered scholarships if they continued beyond primary school. The project's evaluation, which ran over two school years, showed that scholarships worked as a way of getting children to stay in school. But it also found that children who were offered scholarships did not do measurably better on vocabulary or math tests than peers who were not offered scholarships-despite the fact that the former group had higher enrollments and attendance. Cambodia has had numerous scholarship programs funded by the government and outside donors. One project, funded by the Japan fund for poverty reduction, tried to keep girls in school by giving their families annual cash 'scholarships'-which could be used for any purpose- during the first three years of secondary school. The project covered the 2003- 2006 school years and raised school attendance rates by 20 to 30 percentage points. Building on that experience...

The Nurse Labor and Education Markets in the English-Speaking CARICOM : Issues and Options for Reform

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Health Sector Review
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The present report concludes the second phase of the cooperation between Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries and the World Bank to build skills for a competitive regional economy. It focuses on the nurse labor and education markets of the English-speaking (ES) CARICOM. The topic was suggested by ministers of health concerned with chronic staffing shortages in local health facilities and anecdotal evidence of high migratory outflows. The chronic staff shortages are likely to hamper the quality and efficiency of health services, both of which are critical factors in attracting international businesses and retirement locales. The rationale for focusing on nurses was that they compose the largest group of health care professionals in the ES CARICOM and play a critical role in strengthening health services in the face of the demographic and epidemiological transition in the region. Moreover, major achievements in improving and harmonizing curricula, degrees, and licensing procedures among the ES countries of CARICOM facilitate the international competition for this globally scarce human resource. If the ES CARICOM is to address current and future nurse shortages...

Constructing Knowledge Societies : New Challenges for Tertiary Education; Construir sociedades de conocimiento : nuevos retos para la educacion terciaria*Construire les societes de savoir : nouveaux defis pour l'enseignement superieur

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.37%
This report describes how tertiary education contributes to building up a country's capacity for participation in an increasingly knowledge-based world economy and investigates policy options for tertiary education that have the potential to enhance economic growth and reduce poverty. It examines the following questions: What is the importance of tertiary education for economic and social development? How should developing and transition countries position themselves to take full advantage of the potential contribution of tertiary education? How can the World Bank and other development agencies assist in this process? The report draws on ongoing Bank research and analysis on the dynamics of knowledge economies and on science and technology development. Using this background, it explores how countries can adapt and shape their tertiary education systems to confront successfully the combination of new and old challenges in the context of the rising significance for tertiary education of internal and international market forces. It examines the justification for continuing public support of tertiary education and the appropriate role of the state in support of knowledge-driven economic growth. Finally...

The Gambia Education Country Status Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
Many countries in Africa have placed education at the center of their social and economic development strategies. Although much has been achieved across the region, some challenges remain: millions of children are still not enrolled in primary school; girls, children from poor families, and those from rural areas are at a distinct disadvantage when it comes to schooling; and learning outcomes are weak. In addition, secondary schools are struggling to accommodate children who complete primary school, while institutions providing higher education and technical and vocational education and training often lack labor market relevance, jeopardizing future economic growth. Deeper analytical work to inform education policy is becoming increasingly important. This first Country Status Report (CSR) for The Gambia is part of an ongoing series of country specific reports being prepared by government teams technically supported by the World Bank, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and other development partners. These reports aim to help engage a diverse audience and to develop a shared vision for the future of the education sector...

Indonesia - Investing in Indonesia's Education at the District Level : An Analysis of Regional Public Expenditure and Financial Management; Indonesia - Investasi dalam pendidikan pada tingkat kabupaten/kota di Indonesia : sebuah kajian pengeluaran publik dan pengelolaan keuangan pada tingkat daerah

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Since the implementation of decentralization in 2001, district governments have been getting increased responsibilities to provide education services to the citizen. Basic and secondary education management authority has been fully transferred from the central to the provincial and district government. District education expenditure has grown rapidly both in terms of level and as a share of national education expenditure. The amount of district education expenditure has increased from Rp. 26 trillion in 2001 to 52 trillion in 2006 and they constitute 50 percent of the total national education public expenditures in 2006. This review of district education expenditures is one of the outputs of a larger set of analytical and design activities that will prepare the ground for System Improvement through Sector Wide Approaches (SISWA) Program in basic education. In 2006, 56 percent of education expenditure was spent at the sub-national level. District governments are the main spenders, accounting for 51 percent of total spending...

Costs and Financing of Higher Education in Francophone Africa; Couts et financement de l'enseignement superieur en Afrique Francophone

Brossard, Mathieu; Foko, Borel
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
This study is a follow-up to the Higher Education for Francophone Africa's Development Conference, held from June 13 to 15, 2006 in Ouagadougou at the initiative of the World Bank in collaboration with the Government of Burkina Faso, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie. It continues and expands upon discussions that took place during that event. This study includes two sections. The first analyzes the expenditure for the higher education in the countries of French-speaking Africa by adopting a dual comparison approach: (i) chronologically, for the last 15 years, and (ii) inter alia, in particular juxtaposing French-speaking Africa compared to other developing regions. The second part presents financial simulation models in regard to national higher education development plans for the countries of French-speaking Africa.

Strengthening the Education Sector : Response to HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean

UNESCO; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
This report the findings and outcomes of the three joint UNESCO/World Bank missions to Guyana, Jamaica, and St. Lucia, and elaborates on next steps identified for action at both national and regional levels. The report also sets these findings and next steps within the broader context of the Caribbean plan for action and presents in its appendixes sample resources to guide the development of a comprehensive response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV&AIDS) by the education sector. The priority placed on the education sector's response is based on evidence that education contributes towards the knowledge and personal skills essential for the prevention of HIV, and protects individuals, families, communities, institutions, and nations from the impact of AIDS. Education helps to overcome the conditions that facilitate the spread of HIV and can create the understanding and tolerance that contribute to reduced stigma and discrimination against vulnerable and marginalized communities and people living with HIV. The CARICOM regional body in the Caribbean...

Trends in Private Sector Development in World Bank Education Projects

Sosale, Shobhana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
Emerging trends in education show the private sector to be playing an increasingly important role in financing and providing educational services in many countries. Private sector development has not arisen primarily through public policy design, but has of course been affected by the design, and limitations of public policy. The author traces trends in private sector development in eleven of seventy World Bank education projects in 1995-97, asking two questions: What has been the rationale for Bank lending in education? And, in countries where there is both privately financed, and publicly financed, and provided education, how has the Bank encouraged the private sector to thrive? The eleven country samples reveal that the Bank's interest in private sector development is basically in capacity-oriented privatization, to absorb excess demand for education. This is crucial to the Bank's general strategy for education lending: promoting access with equity, focusing on efficiency in resource allocation, promoting quality...

A Guide to the World Bank : Second Edition; Una guia del Banco Mundial : segunda edicion

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Conceived in 1944 to reconstruct war-torn Europe, the World Bank Group has evolved into one of the world's largest sources of development assistance, with a mission of fighting poverty with passion by helping people help themselves. This book guides the reader into the conceptual work of the World Bank Group. Its goal is to serve as starting point for more in-depth inquiries into subjects of particular interest. It provides a glimpse into the wide array of activities in which the Bank Group institutions are involved, and it directs the reader toward other publications and to Web sites that have more detailed information. The following chapters explain how the World Bank Group is organized; how it operates; and how its work focuses on countries, regions, and specific topics in development. Appendixes provide further information on Bank Group contacts, on the organization's history, and on country membership and voting shares in the institutions.