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Land-Use Change and Emerging Infectious Disease on an Island Continent

McFarlane, Rosemary A.; Sleigh, Adrian C.; McMichael, Anthony J.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A more rigorous and nuanced understanding of land-use change (LUC) as a driver of emerging infectious disease (EID) is required. Here we examine post hunter-gatherer LUC as a driver of infectious disease in one biogeographical region with a compressed and documented history—continental Australia. We do this by examining land-use and native vegetation change (LUCC) associations with infectious disease emergence identified through a systematic (1973–2010) and historical (1788–1973) review of infectious disease literature of humans and animals. We find that 22% (20) of the systematically reviewed EIDs are associated with LUCC, most frequently where natural landscapes have been removed or replaced with agriculture, plantations, livestock or urban development. Historical clustering of vector-borne, zoonotic and environmental disease emergence also follows major periods of extensive land clearing. These advanced stages of LUCC are accompanied by changes in the distribution and density of hosts and vectors, at varying scales and chronology. This review of infectious disease emergence in one continent provides valuable insight into the association between accelerated global LUC and concurrent accelerated infectious disease emergence.

"A great deal of sickness": Introduced diseases among the Aboriginal people of colonial Southeast Australia

Dowling, Peter J
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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Previous palaeopathological studies have sought to build up a picture of Australian Aboriginal health before European settlement in 1788 and epidemiological studies of Aboriginal health in the twentieth century are now legion. But, despite a growing body of literature on Aboriginal history set in the intervening colonial period, our knowledge of Aboriginal health following European colonisation remains understudied. This thesis is a contribution to filling that gap through an examination of documentary and skeletal evidence in the changing bio-chemical situation experienced by Aboriginal populations of Southeast Australia from 1788 to 1900. This thesis examines one of the major biological components of this change – disease that were introduced unto Australian Aboriginal populations during the process of colonisation. The epidemiology, timing, diffusion of diseases are considered with specific attention given to infectious and respiratory diseases that were responsible for causing major epidemics of morbidity and mortality. The medical model for the contact period in the late 18th and 19th centuries is proposed. This model considers three major stages in the disease environment of Aboriginal populations in Southeast Australia; a pre-contact stage with endemic pathogens causing chronic diseases and limited epidemics...

The colonies clothed : a survey of consumer interests in New South Wales and Victoria, 1787-1887 / J. Elliott.

Elliott, Jane E.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 236014 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //1988 EN
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Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of History, 1989; Bibliography: leaves 347-353.; vii, 353 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.

Library News 2.2

Fonte: University of Adelaide Library Publicador: University of Adelaide Library
Tipo: Journal issue
Publicado em /08/1980
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The Law Library: an introduction to its collections - Owen Slight - Australia 1788-1988: a bicentennial history - Major bibliographies: one starting, one ending - Recent acquisitions

Incorrigible colonist: ginger in Australia, 1788-1950.

Ryder, Leonie Anne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
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Ginger, an ‘incorrigible colonist’ since prehistoric times, was transported to Australia as both living plant and dried spice on the First Fleet. The spice was in great demand in Britain, and Joseph Banks considered the plant a potential economic crop for the new colony. From the early 19th century, Chinese settlers also brought ginger rhizomes with them. This thesis provides a commodity history of ginger, focusing on ginger growing and the use of ginger in Australia from 1788 to the mid-20th century. Both British and Chinese settlers arrived in Australia determined to maintain their traditional culinary and medical practices, which required large quantities of ginger. The thesis argues that it was the extent of this demand, together with suitable growing conditions, which eventually led to the establishment of an Australian ginger industry. It highlights the important part played by Chinese settlers, and adds to the written history of Australian culinary and medical practices. The Australian story is set in the context of ginger’s long-standing importance in China, India and Britain. Ginger has been indispensible to Chinese and Indian medicine and food since antiquity, and it was one of the earliest spices to reach the West. The thesis begins by exploring ginger in China and India...

Translating histories: Australian Aboriginal narratives, history and literature

McGrath, Ann
Fonte: Chūkyō Shuppan Publicador: Chūkyō Shuppan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 14 pages
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Can literature exist without history? Can history exist without literature? I argue that Indigenous authors and artists are now leading the way towards new tellings of Australian history which go beyond the last ice age. In Australia, the topic of 'Aboriginal History' is conventionally narrated from the starting date of 1788, with the British arrival to the shores around Sydney Harbour. From the late 1970s, historians started to fill the erasure of written narratives. They tried to address the neglected Aboriginal side of an Australian history that had been presented as a white narrative of nation. However, as my own work attests, we historians still followed the same dates as many other authors of national history. In Creating a Nation, a feminist history of Australia that I co-authored with Patricia Grimshaw, Marilyn Lake and Marian Quartly, I wrote about 'Birthplaces' at Port Jackson, a story of gendered encounter. In my edited volume, Contested Ground: Aborigines under the British Crown, it seemed appropriate to start in 1788 with the arrival of the First Fleet of British convicts and the marine officers in charge. I But I no longer believe this is adequate. Such a 'false start' is a narrative trick that we have replayed for too long.

William Bernard Ullathorne and the foundation of Australian Catholicism 1815-1840

Collins, Paul
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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William Bernard Ullathorne was Vicar General of New South Wales from 1832 to 1841. While Catholics had arrived in the First Fleet in 1788, it was not until the 1830s that the church's ministerial structure was put on a permanent footing. In order to place the decade of the 1830s in context, I have outlined the early history of Catholicism in Australia and examined why Fathers Therry and Conolly failed to put down permanent roots. The thesis then goes on to argue that Ullathorne was the key person in establishing permanent ecclesiastical structures. The Catholic Church had begun in Australia in 1820 as an official convict chaplaincy. Church-state relationships were of fundamental importance. It was Ullathorne who negotiated a working relationship with the colonial government of New South Wales. The thesis argues that his success in Australia was based on his own clerical professionalism. The professional clergyman was a newly emerging species in the 19th century. After outlining his early life and experience, the emphasis shifts to the reasonably sound priestly formation he received at Downside Abbey. It was there that he imbibed a definite conception of the role of the clergyman in society. The function of the priest was to re-enforce Christian morals through the supervision of the Catholic community...

Book Review: The people's health. Vol. I: Public health in Australia, 1788–1950; Vol. II: Public health in Australia, 1950 to the present

McCalman, Janet
Fonte: Medical History Publicador: Medical History
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
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The Lake Innes Estate: privilege and servitude in nineteenth century Australia

Connah, Graham
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Transportation of over 160,000 convicts to Australia during the period 1788-1868 provided unfree labour for both government and private projects. Prisoners involved in the latter were known as 'assigned servants' and carried out a variety of work for thei

The quest for limestone in colonial New South Wales, 1788-1825

Mayer, Wolf
Fonte: Geological Society of London Publicador: Geological Society of London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In the absence of people with scientific qualifications in the newly established colony of New South Wales, Australia, the search for essential commodities, such as limestone, became the task of a few educated laymen, which included military officers and

Conservation status of the White-Bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster in Australia determined using mtDNA control region sequence data

Shephard, Jill; Hughes, Jane Margaret; Catterall, Carla; Olsen, Penelope
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Considered to have a declining world population, concern has been expressed in recent years over the conservation status of the White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin, 1788) within Australia. We used mitochondrial (mtDNA) control region sequence data to investigate the current distribution of genetic variation in this species at the continental level and within and between specified regional units. We were specifically interested in identifying breaks in genetic connectivity between the west and east of the continent and between Tasmania and the Australian mainland. We also investigated the likelihood of a bottleneck at the time of colonisation, and propose hypotheses regarding colonisation history. Sequence data were obtained from 128 individuals describing 15 haplotypes. Overall, diversity was low and AMOVA results failed to provide any significant level of genetic subdivision between regions. We suggest that the population expanded from a bottleneck approximately 160,000 years ago during the late Pleistocene, and spread throughout the continent through a contiguous range expansion. There is insufficient evidence to suggest division of the population into different units for conservation management purposes based on the theoretical definition of the 'evolutionary significant unit'. It is clear from the analysis that there are signatures of both historical and contemporary processes affecting the current distribution. Additional sampling and confirmation of the perceived pattern of population structure using a nuclear marker is recommended to validate conservation monitoring and management at a continental scale.

Clowns of no account? Reflections on the involvement of four Irishmen in the commercial life of the Colony of New South Wales, 1788-1818

Craig, Russell; O hogartaigh, Ciaran; O hOgartaigh, Margaret
Fonte: Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand (AFAANZ) Publicador: Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand (AFAANZ)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This paper reflects on the involvement of four Irishmen in the commercial affairs of the fledgling British colony in Sydney, New South Wales (NSW), between 1788 and 1818. They are John Kenny, a felon transported from Carlow (allegedly the first teacher of double-entry accounting in Australia); Michael Hayes, a Wexford rebel (the first to advertise in the Sydney Gazette for work as an accountant); Sergeant Jeremiah Murphy, a native of Creagh serving in the British Army (the first customer to open a bank account in Australia); and John Thomas Campbell, an Ulster loyalist (the first President of the Bank of NSW). We find representations of the Irish that are partly in accord with, and yet partly very much removed from, conventional stereotypes of the Irish. While accounting was a currency worth counterfeiting in early NSW, it did not unlock new opportunities given the constraints of the colonial context.

A Fine Country to Starve in? Australian Geography Past and Present; A Fine Country to Starve in? Australian Geography Past and Present

Jones, Roy; Curtin University
Fonte: Programa de Pós Graduação em Geografia - UFRJ Publicador: Programa de Pós Graduação em Geografia - UFRJ
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/09/2015 ENG
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This paper describes the development of the academic discipline of geographyin Australia from the beginning of European settlement in 1788 to the present day. While the subject material of Australian geography has been strongly focussed on the nation’s physical and human environments and potential, the short history of the development of geography in Australia and the country’s colonial and postcolonial circumstances have meant that intellectually distinctive Australian approaches to the discipline have largely failed to evolve. This paper is therefore mainly concerned with the broader social, political and administrative contexts within which Australian geography has developed over the last two centuries or so. Its main argument is that, by virtue of its distinctive, diverse and dynamic nature, Australia has consistently provided a fruitful environment for geographical scholarship. However, for most of Australia’s post European settlement history, government and official support for the discipline has been limited. Readers are invited to compare this Australian experience with the history of the discipline of geography in Brazil.; O presente artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da geografia como disciplinaacadêmica na Austrália do início da colonização européia em 1788 até os dias atuais. Apesar da geografia australiana sempre ter tratado o ambiente físico e humano do país e seu potencial...