Página 1 dos resultados de 498 itens digitais encontrados em 0.004 segundos

Tentativas de suicídio em jovens: aspectos epidemiológicos dos casos atendidos no setor de urgências psiquiátricas de um hospital geral universitário entre 1988 e 2004; Suicide attempts among adolescents: epidemiological aspects of patients cared for in a university hospital psychiatric emergency unit between 1988 and 2004

FICHER, Ana Maria Fortaleza Teixeira; VANSAN, Gerson Antonio
Fonte: PPG em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: PPG em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.86%
Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar, comparativamente, a distribuição temporal de todos os casos de pacientes adolescentes, com idade entre 10 e 24 anos, atendidos no setor de urgências psiquiátricas de um grande hospital geral universitário, após tentativas de suicídio e uso/abuso de substâncias psicoativas, durante o período de 1988 a 2004. Estudou-se, especificamente, os casos de tentativas de suicídio, considerando sua distribuição quanto à idade, sexo e método utilizado. A partir de um estudo de casos, apontam-se dados sobre os motivos desencadeantes das tentativas e sobre as histórias de vida desses pacientes, possivelmente relacionados à ocorrência desse comportamento. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de um levantamento retrospectivo de todos os casos de pacientes adolescentes atendidos no setor de urgências psiquiátricas do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, da Universidade de São Paulo, no período de 1988 a 2004, após tentativas de suicídio e uso/abuso de substâncias psicoativas, e de dez histórias clínicas obtidas por meio de entrevistas realizadas com pacientes adolescentes, selecionados ao acaso, atendidos no setor por tentativas de suicídio. Os resultados mostraram uma forte correlação positiva entre os números de casos anualmente atendidos por tentativas de suicídio e os devidos ao uso/abuso de substâncias psicoativas...

Prevenção do suicídio : estratégias de abordagem aplicadas no município de Campinas-SP; Suicide prevention : approach strategies implemented in Campinas-SP

Carlos Fílinto da Silva Cais
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.85%
Este projeto implementou localizadamente duas estratégias selecionadas de prevenção de suicídio sintonizadas com as recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde: capacitação de equipes de saúde e estímulo aos indivíduos que tentaram o suicídio para que conseguissem e se mantivessem em tratamento. Para avaliar a eficácia da capacitação, o projeto mensurou o impacto da mesma em termos de mudança de conhecimento, habilidades clínicas e atitudes das equipes de saúde em relação ao comportamento suicida. Já em relação ao monitoramento avaliaram-se qualitativamente alguns casos monitorados visando à obtenção de informações que pudessem aperfeiçoar os serviços de saúde. A capacitação foi eficaz em promover mudanças desejadas nos profissionais de saúde, tanto do ponto de vista de mudanças de atitudes, quanto de aprimoramento nos conhecimentos/habilidades clínicas em prevenção do suicídio. Estas mudanças se deram do inicio do curso para o final do mesmo e mantiveramsediferentes de antes do curso em uma reavaliação após nove meses. Em relação ao conhecimento/habilidades clínicas, auferido através do respectivo questionário o mesmo subiu de 9,4 em 21 pontos possíveis para 13,7 em 21 (p < 0...

Suicide attempts among children and adolescents: partial or total injury?

Alves,Michelle Alexandra Gomes; Cadete,Matilde Meire Miranda
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.65%
This study sought to verify the records on file and the number of cases of attempted suicide among children and adolescents who were attended by Emergency Care health professionals in the municipality of Matozinhos, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Documentary and descriptive research was conducted, the data for which was collected by means of an investigation of Outpatient Records from 2008 to 2010. Of the 73,000 files evaluated, those dealing with cases of attempted suicide among children and adolescents between the age of 3 and 18 years were selected. It was revealed that the health professionals, particularly physicians and nurses, fail to register the cases appropriately, invalidating information about the problem and potential prevention measures. The conclusion reached was that underreporting and the discrepancy of the diagnoses which were not duly referred to the competent agencies require rethinking and reviewing medical practices, and taking a systematic and careful look to address the individual as a complex whole.

Gender differences in suicide attempts: preliminary results of the multisite intervention study on suicidal behavior (SUPRE-MISS) from Campinas, Brazil

Stefanello,Sabrina; Cais,Carlos Filinto da Silva; Mauro,Marisa Lúcia Fabrício; Freitas,Gisleine Vaz Scavacini de; Botega,Neury José
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
OBJECTIVE: To identify sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical differences between men and women who attempted suicide and were seen at a university general hospital. METHOD: This is a non-controlled cross-sectional study, sub-project of the Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior by the World Health Organization. A standardized interview that comprised psychometric scales was used. The comparison between genders was made by means of uni and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: 210 subjects (68.1% women) participated. Women had worse scores on the WHO Well-Being Index (p = 0.005), the Beck Depression Inventory (p = 0.01) and the Psychiatric Disability Assessment Schedule (p = 0.03). In the multivariate logistic regression, men presented more mental disorders due to alcohol and drug use (26.1% vs 7%, p = 0.02) and used alcohol at the suicide attempt more frequently (28.3% vs 16%, p = 0.03). Men reported that most of the time they had been feeling "active and vigorous" (50% vs 22%, p < 0.001). Women had had more physical and sexual abuse (27% vs 8.7%, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: There are some distinctive characteristics between men and women who attempt suicide. Such differences may also be present in the general population and suggest there is a need for further studies...

Stressors in attempted suicide by poisoning: a sex comparison

Pires,Maria Cláudia da Cruz; Raposo,Maria Cristina Falcão; Pires,Marcela; Sougey,Everton Botelho; Bastos Filho,Othon Coelho
Fonte: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.82%
OBJECTIVE: To identify stressors in attempted suicide by poisoning and to analyze differences between men and women. METHOD: This quantitative, comparative, cross-sectional study evaluated 110 patients aged between 14 and 78 years. The following instruments used were: standardized Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) version 5.0.0 and an interview form specifically designed for the study. RESULTS: 70% of the suicide attempters were female; mean age was 28.1 years; 98.2% presented at least one psychiatric disorder. Among the stressors assessed, significant differences were observed between men and women for: not having a spouse, 72.7% among men and 54.5% among women; attempted suicide planning, 66.7% among men and 46.8% among women; being under the influence of alcohol during the attempted suicide, 51.5% among men and 26.0% among women; harmful use of alcohol, 42.4% in men and 22.1% in women; sexual abuse, 22.1% in women and 6.1% in men. CONCLUSIONS: Women presented a three times higher number of attempted suicides by poisoning. The identification of stressors with significant differences between sexes in the high-risk population here described can help define and organize strategies aimed at suicide prevention. Similar studies should be conducted in the general population.

Suicide and attempted suicide in France: results of a general practice sentinel network, 1999-2001.

Le Pont, Françoise; Letrilliart, Laurent; Massari, Véronique; Dorléans, Yves; Thomas, Guy; Flahault, Antoine
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.81%
The continuous surveillance of suicide and attempted suicide cases was added to the tasks of the French Sentinel Network of General Practitioners (GPs) in 1999. In 2001, 9700 suicides were estimated to have occurred and an estimated 61 500 attempted suicide cases were diagnosed by GPs, representing approximately 40% of cases nationwide. The majority of suicide and attempted suicide cases involved women (67%) and 43% of all cases involved patients aged 25-44 years. The fatality rate increased with age. About 80% of GPs complied with the current recommendation to refer patients who had attempted suicide to hospital.

Relation between attempted suicide and suicide rates among young people in Europe

Hawton, K.; Arensman, E.; Wasserman, D.; Hulten, A.; Bille-Brahe, U.; Bjerke, T.; Crepet, P.; Deisenhammer, E.; Kerkhof, A.; De Leo, D.; Michel, K.; Ostamo, A.; Philippe, A.; Querejeta, I.; Salander-Renberg, E.; Schmidtke, A.; Temesvary, B.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.93%
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are associations between rates of suicide and attempted suicide in 15-24 year olds in different countries in Europe. DESIGN: Attempted suicide rates were based on data collected in centres in Europe between 1989 and 1992 as part of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Parasuicide. Comparison was made with both national suicide rates and local suicide rates for the areas in which the attempted suicide monitoring centres are based. SETTING: 15 centres in 13 European countries. PATIENTS: Young people aged 15-24 years who had taken overdoses or deliberately injured themselves and been identified in health care facilities. MAIN RESULTS: There were positive correlations (Spearman rank order) between rates of attempted suicide and suicide rates in both sexes. The correlations only reached statistical significance for male subjects: regional suicide rates, r = 0.65, p < 0.02; national suicide rates, r = 0.55, p < 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of attempted suicide and suicide in the young covary. The recent increase in attempted suicide rates in young male subjects in several European countries could herald a further increase in suicide rates.

Body Mass Index and Attempted Suicide: Cohort Study of 1,133,019 Swedish Men

Batty, G. David; Whitley, Elise; Kivimäki, Mika; Tynelius, Per; Rasmussen, Finn
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.84%
Associations between body mass index (BMI) and attempted (nonfatal) suicide have recently been reported. However, the few existing studies are relatively small in scale, the majority cross-sectional, and results contradictory. The authors have explored BMI–attempted suicide associations in a large cohort of 1,133,019 Swedish men born between 1950 and 1976, with BMI measured in early adulthood. During a mean follow-up of 23.9 years, a total of 18,277 (1.6%) men had at least 1 hospital admission for attempted suicide. After adjustment for confounding factors, there was a stepwise, linear decrease in attempted suicide with increasing BMI across the full BMI range (per standard deviation increase in BMI, hazard ratio = 0.93, 95% confidence interval: 0.91, 0.94). Analyses excluding men with depression at baseline were essentially identical to those based on the complete cohort. In men free from depression at baseline, controlling for subsequent depression slightly attenuated the raised risk of attempted suicide, particularly in lower weight men. This study suggests that lower weight men have an increased risk of attempted suicide and that associations may extend into the “normal” BMI range.

Hopelessness as a predictor of attempted suicide among first admission patients with psychosis: A 10-year cohort study

Klonsky, E. David; Kotov, Roman; Bakst, Shelly; Rabinowitz, Jonathan; Bromet, Evelyn J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
Little is known about the longitudinal relationship of hopelessness to attempted suicide in psychotic disorders. The present study addresses this gap by assessing hopelessness and attempted suicide at multiple time-points over 10-years in a first-admission cohort with psychosis (n=414). Approximately 1 in 5 participants attempted suicide during the 10-year follow-up, and those who attempted suicide scored significantly higher at baseline on the Beck Hopelessness Scale. In general, a given assessment of hopelessness (i.e., baseline, 6-months, 24-months, and 48-months) reliably predicted attempted suicide up to 4–6 years later, but not beyond. Structural equation modeling indicated that hopelessness prospectively predicted attempted suicide even when controlling for previous attempts. Notably, a cut-point of 3 or greater on the Beck Hopelessness Scale yielded sensitivity and specificity values similar to those found in non-psychotic populations using a cut-point of 9. Results suggest that hopelessness in individuals with psychotic disorders confers information about suicide risk above and beyond history of attempted suicide. Moreover, in comparison to non-psychotic populations, even relatively modest levels of hopelessness appear to confer risk for suicide in psychotic disorders.

The co-occurrence of non-suicidal self-injury and attempted suicide among adolescents: distinguishing risk factors and psychosocial correlates

Andover, Margaret S; Morris, Blair W; Wren, Abigail; Bruzzese, Margaux E
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.8%
Although attempted suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are distinct behaviors differing in intent, form, and function, the behaviors co-occur at a high rate in both adults and adolescents. Researchers have begun to investigate the association between attempted suicide and NSSI among adolescents. The purpose of this paper is to present current research on this association. First, we discuss definitional issues associated with self-injurious behaviors. Next, we present research on the co-occurrence of attempted suicide and NSSI, including prevalence and associations with self-injury characteristics. We then discuss psychosocial variables associated with engaging in both NSSI and attempted suicide or one type of self-injury alone. Finally, we present the research to date on risk factors uniquely associated with either attempted suicide or NSSI. Implications for mental health professionals and future avenues of research are discussed.

Attempted suicide among injecting and noninjecting cocaine users in Sydney, Australia

Darke, Shane; Kaye, Sharlene
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.77%
A sample of 183 current cocaine users, 120 primary injecting cocaine users (ICUs), and 63 primary noninjecting cocaine users (NICUs) were administered a structured interview to ascertain attempted suicide histories, methods used, and factors associated with suicide attempts. All respondents were volunteers and current cocaine users recruited through a wide range of sources. The mean age of participants was 30.1 years, and 65% were male. The ICUs were older (32.3 vs. 26.7 years, respectively), more likely to be male (72% vs. 54%, respectively), to be unemployed (84% vs. 23%, respectively) and to have a prison history (53% vs. 1%, respectively) compared to NICUs. Of the sample, 31% had attempted suicide, 18% had done so on more than one occasion, and 8% had made an attempt in the preceding 12 months. Overall, 28% of the sample had been treated by a medical practitioner after an attempt. ICUs (38%) were significantly more likely than NICUs (10%) to have attempted suicide and to have done so on more than one occasion (23% vs. 3%, respectively). The most common method used among both groups was self-poisoning (ICUs 28%, NICUs 8%), primarily by drug overdose. Violent methods had been used by 22% of ICUs and 3% of NICUs. Multivariate analyses revealed that injecting...

Case-Control Association Study of TGOLN2 in Attempted Suicide

Mahon, Pamela B.; Stütz, Adrian M.; Seifuddin, Fayaz; Huo, Yuqing; Goes, Fernando S.; Jancic, Dubravka; Judy, Jennifer T.; DePaulo, J. Raymond; Gershon, Elliot S.; McMahon, Francis J.; Zandi, Peter P.; Potash, James B.; Willour, Virginia L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.89%
Family, twin, and adoption studies provide convincing evidence for a genetic contribution to suicidal behavior. The heritability for suicidal behavior depends in part on the transmission of psychiatric disorders, such as mood disorders and substance use disorders, but is also partly independent of them. Three linkage studies using the attempted suicide phenotype in pedigrees with bipolar disorder, major depression, or alcoholism have provided consistent evidence that 2p11-12 harbors a susceptibility gene for attempted suicide. A microarray expression study using post-mortem brain samples has implicated a gene from the 2p11-12 candidate region, the trans-Golgi network protein 2 (TGOLN2) gene, as being consistently up-regulated in suicide cases as compared to controls. Here, we present a TGOLN2 case-control association study using nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These nine SNPs, which include seven tag SNPs and two coding SNPs, have been genotyped in 517 mood disorder subjects with a history of attempted suicide and 515 normal controls. Allelic and genotypic analyses of the case-control sample did not provide evidence for association with the attempted suicide phenotype. Eight of the nine SNPs provided supportive evidence for association (p-values ranging from 0.008–0.03) when we compared the attempted suicide cases with a history of alcoholism to the attempted suicide cases without a history of alcoholism. However...

A genome-wide association study of attempted suicide

Willour, Virginia L.; Seifuddin, Fayaz; Mahon, Pamela B.; Jancic, Dubravka; Pirooznia, Mehdi; Steele, Jo; Schweizer, Barbara; Goes, Fernando S.; Mondimore, Francis M.; MacKinnon, Dean F.; ; Perlis, Roy H.; Lee, Phil Hyoun; Huang, Jie; Kelsoe, John R.; Shi
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.81%
The heritable component to attempted and completed suicide is partly related to psychiatric disorders and also partly independent of them. While attempted suicide linkage regions have been identified on 2p11–12 and 6q25–26, there are likely many more such loci, the discovery of which will require a much higher resolution approach, such as the genome-wide association study (GWAS). With this in mind, we conducted an attempted suicide GWAS that compared the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes of 1,201 bipolar (BP) subjects with a history of suicide attempts to the genotypes of 1,497 BP subjects without a history of suicide attempts. 2,507 SNPs with evidence for association at p<0.001 were identified. These associated SNPs were subsequently tested for association in a large and independent BP sample set. None of these SNPs were significantly associated in the replication sample after correcting for multiple testing, but the combined analysis of the two sample sets produced an association signal on 2p25 (rs300774) at the threshold of genome-wide significance (p= 5.07 × 10−8). The associated SNPs on 2p25 fall in a large linkage disequilibrium block containing the ACP1 gene, a gene whose expression is significantly elevated in BP subjects who have completed suicide. Furthermore...

(De-) criminalization of attempted suicide in India: A review

Ranjan, Rajeev; Kumar, Saurabh; Pattanayak, Raman Deep; Dhawan, Anju; Sagar, Rajesh
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
Attempted suicide is a serious problem requiring mental health interventions, but it continues to be treated as a criminal offence under the section 309 of Indian Penal Code. The article reviews the international legal perspective across various regions of the world, discusses the unintended consequences of section 309 IPC and highlights the need for decriminalization of attempted suicide in India. The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, still under consideration in the Rajya Sabha (upper house), has proposed that attempted suicide should not be criminally prosecuted. Decriminalization of suicidal attempt will serve to cut down the undue stigma and avoid punishment in the aftermath of incident, and lead to a more accurate collection of suicide-related statistics. From a policy perspective, it will further emphasize the urgent need to develop a framework to deliver mental health services to all those who attempt suicide.

Anger, suicidal ideation & attempted suicide: A prospective study

Goldney, R.; Winefield, A.; Saebel, J.; Winefield, H.; Tiggemann, M.
Fonte: W B SAUNDERS CO Publicador: W B SAUNDERS CO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.54%
Anger, aggression, or hostility, or an emotional state consistent with these terms, has been accepted as being of fundamental importance to our understanding of suicidal behavior. However, the presumed association has not been investigated thoroughly in prospective studies. The results of the present 8-year longitudinal examination of anger with oneself and with society and its relationship to emerging suicidal ideation and attempted suicide in adolescents entering adulthood provide, at best, only equivocal support for such an association.; Robert Goldney, Anthony Winefield, Judith Saebel, Helen Winefield, Marika Tiggeman

A study of depression in attempted suicide: initial assessment, short-term follow-up and prediction of persistent depression.

Davis, Anthony T.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.99%
Depression, no matter how it is categorized, is the most common psychiatric disorder in patients who attempt suicide. However, there are conflicting views about the nature, extent and significance of depression in this group. Further-more, there is minimal information available concerning the short term course of depression following attempted suicide and therefore the optimal clinical management of depressed suicidal patients. These patients carry a high risk for repeated attempted suicide or suicide. The study aimed to provide a detailed analysis of several conceptualizations of depression in adults who have attempted suicide and to examine short-term changes in mood state following the suicide attempt. It further aimed to identify predictors of depression one week following attempted suicide, with a view to assisting clinicians in the initial identification of patients who could be at risk for ongoing suicidal behaviour. To achieve these aims a three year multi-phasic study was designed, utilizing a range of measures of depression. Initially, the extent of the problem of attempted suicide at the Royal Adelaide Hospital was established and then, according to self-report measures of depression, the frequency and type of depression in the patients who had attempted suicide was defined. Having identified a cohort of suicidal patients with a depressive disorder...

Psycho-social and Family Characteristics Related to Attempted Suicide in an Adolescent Population in Bogota–2009; Características psicosociales y familiares relacionadas con intento de suicidio en una población adolescente en Bogotá–2009; Características psicossociais e familiares relacionadas à tentativa de suicídio em uma população adolescente em Bogotá (2009)

Caycedo, Alejandra; Universidad de La Sabana; Arenas, María Luisa; Universidad de La Sabana; Benítez, Michelle; Universidad de La Sabana; Cavanzo, Paula; Universidad de La Sabana; Leal, Gretel; Universidad de La Sabana; Guzmán, Yahira R.; Universidad d
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
Suicidal behavior has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In 2006, it was the third leading cause of death among persons age 15 to 44. Risk factors for this behavior and specific warning signs have been identified. However, adolescents may be plagued by additional risk factors such as imitation, social identification, and emotional instability.The authors conducted a transversal- descriptive study with adolescents between 10 and 17 years of age who were admitted for attempted suicide to the emergency rooms of two hospitals in Bogota. The data was collected with an instrument filled out by the parents or guardians of 14 different patients, after having signed a letter giving informed consent. The study showed the most prevalent age was 16, accounting for 43% of the sample. The female population was the most prevalent in terms of gender, accounting for 71.5%. None of the patients reported a previous diagnosis of mental illness and, in only three specific cases, was there a report of substance abuse. None of the patients reported having sought help prior to attempting suicide.Due to the small number of cases in the sample, it is possible only to describe the reported findings. At this point, conclusions cannot be reached with respect to family characteristics. To do so would require applying the instrument to a larger sample of patients.; Las conductas suicidas se han constituido en una causa importante de morbi-mortalidad mundial. En el 2006...

Análisis descriptivo del costo de la atención y prevención del intento suicida en adolescentes 2010

Martínez Céspedes, Ángela María
Fonte: Facultad de medicina Publicador: Facultad de medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/01/2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
Introducción: El suicidio es un problema de salud pública mundial. En Colombia los jóvenes son la población más vulnerable. Son evidentes las importantes pérdidas desde el punto de vista moral, pero también son considerables los gastos de dinero que éste genera. No hay evidencia disponible del costo de la atención, ni de la prevención del intento de suicidio en el país. Es pertinente hacer cuantificaciones del costo de la atención y prevención del intento de suicidio, para lograr una mejor administración de recursos. El objetivo de este estudio es cuantificar los costos directos promedio derivados de la atención médica del intento de suicidio en una clínica infantil y compararlos con los costos de una estrategia de prevención primaria (programa TeenScreen) implementada en un colegio durante el 2010 en Bogotá, en menores de 18 años. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, que cuantifica y promedia costos médicos directos de la atención y del programa de prevención; con base en costos tarifarios. Resultados: El costo promedio para la atención de pacientes con diagnóstico de intento de suicidio y para el programa de prevención fue de $1,745,612 pesos Colombianos (n=41) y de $68,536 (n= 171) respectivamente. Casi la mitad del costo para internación fue invertido en pacientes que requirieron hospitalización en Unidad de Cuidado Intensivo Pediátrico (UCIP) el costo promedio para atención de estos pacientes fue de $12...

The emergency department in surveillance of attempted suicide: findings and methodologic considerations.

Birkhead, G S; Galvin, V G; Meehan, P J; O'Carroll, P W; Mercy, J A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.85%
The authors conducted one of the first active, population-based public health surveillance systems for detecting suicide attempts in the United States. Surveillance was conducted in all four hospital emergency departments serving a county suburban to Atlanta, GA, with a population of 426,000. Emergency department staff gathered information from all patients who presented with an intentionally self-inflicted injury (suicide attempt) or with thoughts about self-injury (suicidal ideation). During an 18-month period in 1988 and 1989, 798 suicide attempt-related patients were reported, for a rate of 124.7 per 100,000 county residents per year. Females had a higher attempted suicide rate than males, but males had a higher completed suicide rate. Ingestion of drugs or poison was the most common method of attempted suicide (71.1 percent), and use of firearms was the most common method of completed suicide (69.8 percent). In comparing reported cases with those found by reviewing emergency department log books, the authors found that the case reports were 58 percent complete and that surveillance reporting was highly representative of all cases requiring emergency transport. The authors conclude that emergency department-based surveillance for attempted suicide is feasible. It can provide representative data that may be used to monitor trends in attempted suicide and to define high-risk groups. Such surveillance may also allow timely detection of suicide attempt clusters...

Percurso suicida: observação e análise de alterações no cotidiano do indivíduo com tentativas de suicídio; Suicidal path: observation and analysis of changes in daily life of individuals with suicide attempts

Marquetti, Fernanda Cristina; Vilarubia, Geisy Vilarubia; Milek, Glenda
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/09/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
O objetivo deste trabalho é conhecer as transformações do cotidiano no mês anterior à tentativa de suicídio dos sujeitos. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo, composto deum mapeamento do fenômeno, abordando o local e período recortado pelo estudo. A pesquisa é de natureza qualitativa, com entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os sujeitos com tentativas desuicídio. A população estudada foram os sujeitos com tentativa de suicídio no Município de Santos/SP no período de janeiro/08 a junho09. No período e local designados, foram realizadas 8 entrevistas, dos 38 casos de tentativas de suicídio registrados. Foram analisados os resultados das entrevistas e construído um “mapa de risco de suicídio” através das variáveis de alterações do cotidiano.; The objective of this study is to understand the transformations of everyday life in the month preceding the suicide attempt of these subjects. This is a descriptive exploratory study, consisting of mapping of the phenomenon, approaching the site and cut the study period. The research is qualitative, with semi-structured interviews with the subjects with suicideattempts. The studied social group consists of individuals who attempted suicide from January/2008 to June/2009 in Santos – SP. It registered 38 cases of attempted suicide in the time and place designated and eight interviews were conducted. We analyzed the results of interviews of that group and set up a “map about suicide risk” based on the variables of their daily routine alterations.