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Does insecure attachment lead to (mis)wired brains? Emotion, cognition, and attachment: an outlook through psychophysiological pathways

Silva, Catarina Gonzalez da
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
Doutoramento em Psicologia: especialidade Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde/ 2346, 2360, 2560; The evolutionary-based attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969, 1973, 1980) asserts that approach/attachment or avoidance/withdrawal tendencies may reflect distinct regulation strategies underlying individual differences in attachment styles. The influence of the internal working models of attachment on emotion and cognition, and more recently, on its psychophysiological underpinnings has been a central focus of research. Despite the endeavours at clarifying this modulatory influence in behaviour, inconsistent results have prevented definite answers. Aiming at contributing to the current knowledge in the filed, and embedded in a psychophysiological framework, the present thesis brings together findings of empirical studies focusing on the regulation abilities in attentional bias towards emotion information. Following an integrative approach, these studies coupled behavioural responses with measures of skin conductance, heart rate, and eye movements. Findings of these studies converge to show distinctive features between regulation strategies deployed by insecure attached individuals when processing threat-related information on visual attention tasks...

Diferenças de género na recordação das memórias autobiográficas : A influência dos esquemas precoces desadaptativos e dos estilos de vinculação

Alarcão, Maria Madalena
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
A área das Memórias Autobiográficas é bastante recente no que diz respeito à literatura cientifica, sobretudo no que concerne à rua relação com os esquemas precoces desadaptativos e estilos de vinculação. Aliado a este factor, encontra-se também, a fraca fundamentação teórica e cientifica relativa às diferenças de género neste tema. Assim, o objectivo desta investigação, passou por relacionar estas três variáveis acima descritas percebendo se existe ou não uma diferença entre homens e mulheres na recordação de Memórias Autobiográficas. A amostra foi constituída por 60 participantes, maiores de 18 anos, sendo que a maioria eram estudantes, 29 do género masculino, e 31 do género feminino. Para a obtenção de dados, os participantes preencheram um leque de questionários composto por: um Questionário de Caracterização da Amostra, o Inventário de Depressão de Beck, o Inventário de Sintomas Psicopatológicos, o Inventário de Estado Ansiedade Traço e o Questionário de Esquemas de Young. Para além destes questionários, realizaram também a Tarefa da Memória Autobiográfica. Não foram encontradas quaisquer diferenças entre homens e mulheres no que diz respeito à valência e ao tipo da memória recordada...

Marital Quality and Attachment: The Mediator Role of Conflict Resolution Styles

Scheeren,Patrícia; Vieira,Rebeca Veras de Andrade; Goulart,Viviane Ribeiro; Wagner,Adriana
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.66%
Certain variables can act as mediators between marital quality, social and emotional aspects of the individuals and their context. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of conflict resolution styles as mediators between attachment styles and marital quality. A total of 214 couples participated in the present study aged between 18 and 75 years, residents in Southern Brazil. Three scales were administered: The Conflict Resolution Style Inventory, Golombok Rust Inventory of Marital State and Adult Attachment Scale. Results indicate that the styles of conflict resolution (positive problem solving, conflict engagement, withdrawal and compliance) mediate the relationship between attachment and marital quality. A difference between husbands and wives was observed. These findings suggest the importance of expanding the repertoire of positive strategies of conflict resolution of the couples for the promotion of marital quality.

The Role of Attachment Styles and Interpersonal Problems in Suicide-Related Behaviors

Stepp, Stephanie D.; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Yaggi, Kirsten E.; Reynolds, Sarah K.; Reed, L. Ian; Pilkonis, Paul A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
The relationships among adult attachment styles, interpersonal problems, and categories of suicide-related behaviors (i.e., self-harm, suicide attempts, and their co-occurrence) were examined in a predominantly psychiatric sample (N= 406). Both anxious and avoidant attachment styles were associated with interpersonal problems. In turn, specific interpersonal problems differentially mediated the relations between attachment style and type of suicide-related behaviors. These findings suggest the importance of distinguishing between these groups of behaviors in terms of etiological pathways, maintenance processes, and treatment interventions.

Attachment styles and headache

Savi, L.; Buccheri, R.; Tambornini, A.; De Martino, P.; Albasi, C.; Pinessi, L.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.54%
The internal working model on attachment dimensions changes with significant emotional experiences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if and how the internal working models correlate with primary headaches. Attachment dimensions of subjects suffering from primary headaches were studied. One hundred and fourteen subjects [68 with migraine, 23 with tension–type headache (according to ICHD–I criteria), 23 with chronic daily headache (according to Silberstein’s criteria)], were studied and compared with a control group of 57 subjects (matched in sex, age and social level) not suffering from any primary headache. Attachment dimensions were investigated using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ). Headache sufferers seem to be characterised by attachment styles of the “insecure” type. In particular they seem to feel extremely ill at ease if there is an expectation of reduction of interpersonal distance.

Interpersonal and Genetic Origins of Adult Attachment Styles: A Longitudinal Study from Infancy to Early Adulthood

Fraley, R. Chris; Roisman, Glenn I.; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn; Owen, Margaret Tresch; Holland, Ashley S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.67%
One of the assumptions of attachment theory is that individual differences in adult attachment styles emerge from individuals’ developmental histories. To examine this assumption empirically the authors report data from an age 18 follow-up (Booth-LaForce & Roisman, 2012) of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal investigation that tracked a cohort of children and their parents from birth to age 15. Analyses indicate that individual differences in adult attachment can be traced to variations in the quality of individuals’ caregiving environments, their emerging social competence, and the quality of their best friendship. Analyses also indicate that assessments of temperament and most of the specific genetic polymorphisms thus far examined in the literature on genetic correlates of attachment styles were essentially uncorrelated with adult attachment, with the exception of a polymorphism in the serotonin receptor gene (HTR2A rs6313), which modestly predicted higher attachment anxiety and that revealed a G × E interaction such that changes in maternal sensitivity across time predicted attachment-related avoidance. The implications of these data for contemporary perspectives and debates concerning adult attachment theory are discussed.

Facing danger: how do people behave in times of need? The case of adult attachment styles

Ein-Dor, Tsachi
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.57%
Bowlby’s (1982) attachment theory has generated an enormous body of research and conceptual elaborations. Although attachment theory and research propose that attachment security provides a person with many adaptive advantages, during all phases of the life cycle, numerous studies indicate that almost half of the human species can be classified as insecurely attached or insecure with respect to attachment. It seems odd that evolution left humans in this vulnerable position, unless there are some advantages to individuals or groups, under at least some conditions, of anxious and avoidant attachment styles. I argue that a social group containing members with different attachment patterns may be more conducive to survival than a homogeneous group of securely attached individuals because each attachment disposition has specific adaptive advantages that promote the survival of the individual and people around him or her when facing threats and perils. In making this argument, I extend the scope of attachment theory and research by considering a broader range of adaptive functions of insecure attachment strategies, and present data to support my argument.

Adult attachment style as a risk factor for maternal postnatal depression: a systematic review

Warfa, Nasir; Harper, Melissa; Nicolais, Giampaolo; Bhui, Kamaldeep
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Postnatal depression (PND) is an important health problem of global relevance for maternal health and impacts on the health and wellbeing of the child over the life-course. Multinational data is hard to locate, the economic burden of PND on health care systems have been calculated in several countries, including Canada and in the UK. In Canada, health and social care costs for a mother with PND were found to be just over twice that of mothers with no mental illness. The extra community care cost for women with PND living in the UK was found to be £35.7 million per year. Method We carried out a systematic search to the literature to investigate the associations between attachment style and PND, using meta-narrative analysis methods, reporting statistical data and life narratives. The following databases were searched: PsycInfo, PsycExtra Web of Science, The Cochrane Library and Pubmed. We focused on research papers that examined adult attachment styles and PND, and published between 1991 and 2013. We included any papers showing relationship between maternal adult attachment and PND. Out of 353 papers, 20 met the study inclusion criteria, representing a total of 2306 participants. Data from these 20 studies was extracted by means of a data extraction table. Results: We found that attachment and PND share a common aetiology and that ‘insecure adult attachment style’ is an additional risk factor for PND. Of the insecure adult attachment styles...

Attachment Styles, Quality of Attachment Relationships, and Components of Self-Esteem in Adolescence

Wilkinson, Ross B; Parry, Marlene M
Fonte: The Australian Psychological Society Publicador: The Australian Psychological Society
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 135194 bytes; 378 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Attachment style was assessed in relation to self-esteem and quality of parental and peer relationships in a sample (N = 495) of high school students. It was predicted that there would be a high degree of relationship between secure attachment, quality of relationships, and self-esteem, and that there would be differential relationships between the various attachment styles and components of self-esteem. Results indicated that both Secure and Dismissive attachment styles were associated with high quality of attachment to mother and father but only Secure attachment was associated with high quality of attachment to peers. Examination of the components of self-esteem revealed that the quality of relationships to peers predicted Self-Liking but not Self-Competence. The results suggest complexity in the relationship between different elements of attachment and self-esteem.

Psychological Health, Maternal Attachment and Attachment Style in Breast and Formula Feeding Mothers: A Preliminary Study.

Wilkinson, Ross B; Scherl, Fiona B
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 180373 bytes; 383 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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This study examined psychological health, maternal attachment, and attachment style in an Australian sample of breast and formula feeding mothers. Thirty-six breast feeding and twenty-four formula feeding women with a child between four and six months of age were recruited through community health centres and snowball sampling. Participation involved a thirty-minute interview and completion of relevant questionnaires. Contrary to expectations, no differences were found between breast and formula feeding mothers in terms of their psychological health and maternal attachment. Results suggest that secure attachment styles are related to greater psychological health and that they predict the likelihood of a mother changing feeding method. The results of this study challenge widely held assumptions concerning the importance of breast feeding for maternal wellbeing and attachment with infants, and support the literature suggesting attachment styles play an important role in affect regulation and the adjustment to new motherhood.; To be published early 2006; yes

Percursos (in)adaptativos: padrões de consumo de álcool na adolescência e sua relação com os estilos de vinculação e a autorregulação emocional

Caleiro, Miquelina de Fátima Lopes
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
O consumo de álcool intensificou-se entre os adolescentes constituindo uma ameaça à saúde física e psicossocial. Os estilos de vinculação e a autorregulação emocional têm sido referidos como fatores de risco/proteção no consumo de substâncias. O objetivo deste estudo consiste em examinar as relações entre os padrões de consumo de álcool, a vinculação e as dificuldades de autorregulação emocional, num grupo de 112 adolescentes, alunos de uma Escola Pública de Évora, com idades compreendidas entre 14 e 17 anos. Os resultados indicam que a frequência de consumo de álcool e a frequência de consumo de seis ou mais bebidas na mesma ocasião estão positivamente associadas com o estilo de vinculação seguro. A frequência de consumo de álcool e a quantidade de bebidas com álcool habitualmente consumidas estão positivamente correlacionadas com dificuldades de autorregulação emocional ao nível dos Impulsos. São necessários novos estudos que verifiquem e aprofundem a natureza destas relações; ABSTRACT:Alcohol use has intensified among teenagers constituting a threat in physical and psychosocial health. Attachment styles have been reported as risk factors/protective in substance use. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between patterns of alcohol consumption...

The Neurobiology of Adult Attachment

Bailey, Martha
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.79%
Attachment styles and the experiences of parenting that underpin attachment styles have important effects throughout the lifespan. Research on the neurobiology of human attachment has begun to identify neural correlates of attachment styles. The present study adds to that body of research and confirms previous findings on correlations between attachment style and memories of parenting. My main goal was to test the first time the hypothesis that baseline neural activity in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) would be correlated adult attachment security. Previous research has identified: 1) a correlation between baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC and approach motivation; 2) a correlation between baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC and infant attachment style; and 3) a correlation between the willingness of toddlers to freely explore a new environment when in the presence of their attachment figures and attachment style. Based on these previous findings, I hypothesized that adult attachment security, as indicted by “confidence” scores on the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (ASQ), and parenting memories, as measured by the EMBU questionnaire, would be positively correlated with baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC. I also explored correlations between responses to the ASQ and to the EMBU...

Vinculação, experiências depressivas e personalidade

Miranda, Rui Carlos Bailão
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.62%
Neste trabalho, partimos das concepções de John Bowlby acerca da teoria da vinculação, e dos principais estilos de vinculação definidos por Mary Ainsworth (seguros, evitantes, preocupados) e tentamos depois relacionar estes conceitos com os trabalhos de Sidney Blatt, começando neste caso por explorar a sua investigação acerca da dialéctica do desenvolvimento da personalidade, seguindo depois para as suas implicações naquilo que o autor denomina por experiências depressivas. Estas experiências depressivas podem ser introjectivas ou anaclíticas. Com base numa amostra de estudantes universitários (N=88), e utilizando a Escala de Vinculação do Adulto (EVA), o Questionário de experiências depressivas (QED), o Inventário de problemas interpessoais (IIP-64) e o teste dos cinco factores da personalidade (NeoFFI), procuramos perceber se existem diferenças ao nível das experiências depressivas, dos aspectos da personalidade e da relação com os outros nos diferentes estilos de vinculação. Em dois momentos de análise distintos, os resultados apresentaram algumas diferenças que, embora não sendo conclusivas, reflectem o interesse e pertinência destes temas, demonstrando-se como um pequeno contributo para a progressiva exploração destes conceitos e das relações entre os mesmos.; ABSTRACT: In this paper...

The role of attachment styles in regulating the effects of dopamine on the behavior of salespersons

Verbeke, Willem; Bagozzi, Richard P.; van den Berg, Wouter E.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
Two classic strategic orientations have been found to pervade the behavior of modern salespersons: a sales orientation (SO) where salespersons use deception or guile to get customers to buy even if they do not need a product, and a customer orientation (CO) where salespersons first attempt to discover the customer's needs and adjust their product and selling approach to meet those needs. Study 1 replicates recent research and finds that the Taq A1 variant of the DRD2 gene is not related to either sales or CO, whereas the 7-repeat variant of the DRD4 gene is related to CO but not SO. Study 2 investigates gene × phenotype explanations of orientation of salespersons, drawing upon recent research in molecular genetics and biological/psychological attachment theory. The findings show that attachment style regulates the effects of DRD2 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the A2/A2 variant but neither the A1/A2 nor A1/A1 variants. Likewise, attachment style regulates the effects of DRD4 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the 7-repeat variant but not other variants. No effects were found on a SO, and secure and anxious attachment styles did not function as moderators.

The salience of relational experiences: linking childhood interpersonal adversity, attachment style, and the subclinical psychosis phenotype

Sheinbaum Frank, Tamara
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
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El objetivo principal de la presente tesis doctoral fue investigar el papel de la adversidad interpersonal en la infancia y los estilos de apego adulto con respecto a la esquizotipia y otros fenotipos del espectro esquizofrénico en población no clínica. El cuerpo de la tesis se compone de siete capítulos que abordan cuestiones relacionadas con la evaluación y validez de los estilos de apego y las dimensiones de esquizotipia, las asociaciones entre estos constructos y el potencial efecto mediador del apego inseguro en la relación entre la adversidad interpersonal y el fenotipo psicótico subclínico. El capítulo 1 presenta la adaptación española y las propiedades psicométricas de la Psychosis Attachment Measure. Se encontró que la adaptación española es conceptual y semánticamente equivalente a la versión original, que es apropiada para usarse en personas que presentan síntomas psicóticos y que sus propiedades psicométricas son adecuadas. El capítulo 2 examina la expresión de los estilos de apego en la vida diaria utilizando el método de "muestreo de experiencias". Se encontró que las experiencias momentáneas de afecto, cognición y funcionamiento social variaron de forma teóricamente coherente en función del estilo de apego—proporcionando evidencia de la validez ecológica de los estilos de apego. El capítulo 3 investiga la validez de la esquizotipia positiva y negativa. La esquizotipia positiva predijo el estado mental de alto riesgo/umbral de psicosis y ambas dimensiones predijeron la presencia de trastornos de la personalidad del espectro esquizofrénico. Además...

Influência dos estilos de vinculação e dos esquemas precoces não-adaptativos nas relações interpessoais

Pinheiro, Sofia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; As relações interpessoais são as interacções que ocorrem com os outros, determinando aquilo que somos e como nos comportamos. Estas relações interpessoais são influenciadas pelas características pessoais do sujeito, como os esquemas precoces mal-adaptativos que apresenta e o estilo de vinculação que possui. Assim, este estudo tem como primeiro objectivo compreender de que forma os estilos de vinculação e os esquemas precoces mal-adaptativos influenciam o estilo relacional do indivíduo e as suas relações interpessoais. Além disso, é também nosso objectivo perceber estas influências na dinâmica do casal. A amostra foi constituída por 100 casais heterossexuais com uma média de idades de 39 anos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: o Questionário de Caracterização da Amostra, o Inventário de Sintomas Psicopatológicos (BSI), a Nova Escala Multidimensional de Depressão (Versão 2) - (NMDAS), o Inventário de Ansiedade Estado e Traço – Forma Y (STAI-Y), o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI),a Escala de Vinculação do Adulto (EVA), o Questionário de Esquemas de Young (YSQ) e o Inventário de Problemas Interpessoais (IIP-64). Nos resultados foram encontradas relações entre os estilos de vinculação...

Changes in distress of psychiatric in-patients after the changeover of junior psychiatric trainees as a function of attachment style: A pilot study

Dodwell,David; Thomas,Toral; Iqbal,Zeinab
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
Background and Objectives: Therapists, including psychiatrists, may act as attachment figures. Rotational training schemes necessitate the regular and frequent ending of therapeutic relationships. The effects on patients are rarely studied. This is a pilot prospective study to evaluate whether relative distress in adult psychiatric in-patients follows change in trainee psychiatrists; whether differences in distress are mediated by patient attachment style; and to provide data for power calculation. Methods: Twenty adult in-patients were assessed using the Mental Health Inventory 5 (MHI-5) scale before and after changeover of psychiatric trainees; attachment style was assessed prior to the changeover. Qualitative data were also collected. Results: The average MHI-5 scores improved with time (p = 0.021). Less improvement correlated with higher score on preoccupied attachment (rho = 0.41, p1-tail <0.05). A non-significantly stronger improvement was seen with secure/dismissing styles compared to preoccupied/fearful styles (p1-tail = 0.08). Based on these results, a study of at least 87 patients is likely to produce a statistically significant result. Most patients were not aware a staff change was due and would like to be informed by their clinical team. Conclusions: Relative distress following junior trainee changeover may have a link with patients' attachment styles.

Examining the links between attachment, perfectionism, and job motivation potential with job engagement and workaholism

Tziner,Aharon; Tanami,Miri
Fonte: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones Publicador: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the associations between attachment styles, perfectionism, and job motivational potential with job engagement and workaholism. A self-report questionnaire that included psychometrically-sound measures of the key constructs was completed by a sample of 139 employees. Correlation analyses, a hierarchical regression, and a structural equation model were conducted to test the proposed relations and mediating hypotheses. Adaptive perfectionism was found to be related to job engagement, whereas maladaptive perfectionism emerged associated to both safe- and non-safe attachment styles. Moreover, only one attachment style (non-safe) and one type of perfectionism (maladaptive) were found to be linked to workaholism. Managers should pay attention to employees characterized by a non-safe attachment style and perfectionist personalities. Efforts should be made to improve job engagement among employees and to enhance constructive workaholism.

The relationship between attachment styles and internalizing or externalizing symptoms in clinical and nonclinical adolescents

Lacasa,Fernando; Mitjavila,Merce; Ochoa,Susana; Balluerka,Nekane
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2015 ENG
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56.56%
Studies regarding the relationship between attachment and psychopathology during adolescence have been performed separately for clinical and nonclinical adolescents and have used different assessment measures, which together might produce a methodological bias that increases the association between attachment and psychopathology. With the aim of avoiding this bias, the present study used identical measures to explore the relationship between attachment styles and internalizing or externalizing symptoms in clinical and nonclinical samples of adolescents. The sample consisted of 258 adolescents, 129 clinical and 129 nonclinical, aged between 14 and 18 years. The adolescents in each sample were matched for age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Attachment was assessed using the CaMir Q-sort, and psychopathological symptoms were assessed by means of the Youth Self Report (YSR). The relationships between attachment and psychopathology were similar for clinical and nonclinical adolescents. A preoccupied attachment style predicted internalizing and externalizing symptoms, somatic complaints, anxious-fearful behavior, verbal aggression, attention-seeking behavior, and thinking problems. Compared to previous studies, this research has made it possible to identify broader...

Recognition of facial expression of the emotions and their relation to attachment styles and psychiatric symptoms: Preliminary study on Psychiatric Residents

Arango de Montis,Iván; Brüne,Martin; Fresán,Ana; Ortega Font,Vida; Villanueva,Javier; Saracco,Ricardo; Muñoz-Delgado,Jairo
Fonte: Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Publicador: Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
Facial expressions of emotion reveal complex mental states that have physiological correlates and signal internal states such as distress to others and are thus crucial in social interaction. In this preliminary study, we therefore sought to examine the link between current psychiatric symptoms and attachment styles in psychiatry residents and their ability to correctly identify facial expressions of emotions. Specifically, we hypothesized that greater current psychiatric symptoms and insecure attachment would be related to difficulties in deciphering facial expressions of negative emotions. A total of 56 psychiatry residents were included in the study, together with 50 university students pursuing careers unrelated to mental health. In order to evaluate the subjects' psychiatric symptoms, the Checklist (SCL-90) and Attachment Styles Questionnaire (ASQ) were used and in order to examine the ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion, we chose the Pictures of Facial Affect (POFA). All the respondents gave their informed consent in writing. The control group recognized fear significantly less as compared to psychiatry residents. Among psychiatry residents, there was a significantly positive correlation between hostility and fear recognition and anxiety and fear recognition. The same was observed between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and disgust recognition. In the control group...