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Performance of techniques used for re-attachment of endodontically treated crown fractured teeth

LOQUERCIO, Alessandro Dourado; LESKI, Gilmara; SOSSMEIER, Daiana; KRAUL, Alexander; ODA, Margereth; PAULAFF, Rafael Tiago; REIS, Alessandra
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the fracture strength of three techniques used to re-attach tooth fragments in sound and endodontically treated fractured teeth with or without fiber post placement. Material and methods: Ninety human lower incisors were randomly divided into three groups of 30 teeth each. In group A teeth were not subjected to endodontic treatment; while teeth from groups B and C were endodontically treated and the pulp chamber restored with a composite resin. All teeth were fractured by an axial load applied to the buccal area in order to obtain tooth fragments. Teeth from each group were then divided into three subgroups, according to the re-attachment technique: bonded-only, buccal-chamfer and circumferential chamfer. Before the re-attachment procedures, fiber posts were placed in teeth from group C using dual cure resin luting cement (Duo-Link). All teeth (groups A-C) had the fragments re-attached using a same dual cure resin luting cement. in the bonded-only group, no additional preparation was made. After re-attachment of the fragment, teeth from groups buccal and circumferential chamfer groups had a 1.0 mm depth chamfer placed in the fracture line either on buccal surfaceor along the buccal and lingual surfaces...

Estilos de apego e bem-estar psicológico em adolescentes colegiais: influência de gênero e etnia (oriental vs ocidental); Styles of attachment and well-being in highschool students: influences of Gender and Ethnic (Eastern vs. Western)

Sang, Ernesto Rene
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/04/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Investigamos a configuração dos vínculos de apego em função de etnia e de gênero. Baseados na teoria do apego que aponta a influência do contexto sócio-afetivo no desenvolvimento dos diversos estilos de apego assim como a relação significativa destes com bem-estar psicológico (indicados por sinais de depressão e fobia social), supusemos que a formação do modelo interno de si (dimensão essencial na definição dos estilos de apego) poderia estar relacionada à etnia, através dos modos de criação. A amostra foi composta por 328 colegiais (203 do sexo masculino e 125 do sexo feminino) com idade média de 15 anos, dos quais 101 tinham pais de origem oriental (chinesa, japonesa ou coreana) e 227 de origem ocidental. Foi constatado efeito da etnia quanto ao modelo interno de si, com predominância de modelo de si positivo nos ocidentais (subjacentes aos estilos seguro e rejeitador) e negativo nos orientais (estilos preocupado e medroso). Em relação a bem-estar psicológico em termos de indicadores de depressão e fobia social foi significativa a relação de depressão com os estilos de apego medroso e preocupado (modelo de si negativo), sendo mais freqüente a indicação de depressão nos participantes ocidentais do que nos orientais (principalmente nas meninas ocidentais rejeitadoras). Encontramos também relações significativas de fobia social com o modelo de si positivo (estilos de apego seguro e rejeitador) principalmente nos meninos...

Adult attachment style as a risk factor for maternal postnatal depression: a systematic review

Warfa, Nasir; Harper, Melissa; Nicolais, Giampaolo; Bhui, Kamaldeep
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Background: Postnatal depression (PND) is an important health problem of global relevance for maternal health and impacts on the health and wellbeing of the child over the life-course. Multinational data is hard to locate, the economic burden of PND on health care systems have been calculated in several countries, including Canada and in the UK. In Canada, health and social care costs for a mother with PND were found to be just over twice that of mothers with no mental illness. The extra community care cost for women with PND living in the UK was found to be £35.7 million per year. Method We carried out a systematic search to the literature to investigate the associations between attachment style and PND, using meta-narrative analysis methods, reporting statistical data and life narratives. The following databases were searched: PsycInfo, PsycExtra Web of Science, The Cochrane Library and Pubmed. We focused on research papers that examined adult attachment styles and PND, and published between 1991 and 2013. We included any papers showing relationship between maternal adult attachment and PND. Out of 353 papers, 20 met the study inclusion criteria, representing a total of 2306 participants. Data from these 20 studies was extracted by means of a data extraction table. Results: We found that attachment and PND share a common aetiology and that ‘insecure adult attachment style’ is an additional risk factor for PND. Of the insecure adult attachment styles...

Attachment and alcohol : testing a motivational model of problem drinking /

Molnar, Danielle Sirianni.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a motivational model of problem drinking (Cooper, Frone, Russel, & Mudar, 1995; Read, Wood, Kahler, Maddock & Tibor, 2003), testing the notion that attachment is a common antecedent for both the affective and social paths to problem drinking. The model was tested with data from three samples, first-year university students (N=679), students about to graduate from university (N=206), and first-time clients at an addiction treatment facility (N=21 1). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires assessing alcohol use, alcohol-related consequences, drinking motives, peer models of alcohol use, positive and negative affect, attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance. Results underscored the importance of the affective path to problem drinking, while putting the social path to problem drinking into question. While drinking to cope was most prominent among the clinical sample, coping motives served as a risk factor for problem drinking for both individuals identified as problem drinkers and university students. Moreover, drinking for enhancement purposes appeared to be the strongest overall predictor of alcohol use. Results of the present study also supported the notion that attachment anxiety and avoidance are antecedents for the affective path to problem drinking...

Attachment Styles, Quality of Attachment Relationships, and Components of Self-Esteem in Adolescence

Wilkinson, Ross B; Parry, Marlene M
Fonte: The Australian Psychological Society Publicador: The Australian Psychological Society
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 135194 bytes; 378 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Attachment style was assessed in relation to self-esteem and quality of parental and peer relationships in a sample (N = 495) of high school students. It was predicted that there would be a high degree of relationship between secure attachment, quality of relationships, and self-esteem, and that there would be differential relationships between the various attachment styles and components of self-esteem. Results indicated that both Secure and Dismissive attachment styles were associated with high quality of attachment to mother and father but only Secure attachment was associated with high quality of attachment to peers. Examination of the components of self-esteem revealed that the quality of relationships to peers predicted Self-Liking but not Self-Competence. The results suggest complexity in the relationship between different elements of attachment and self-esteem.

Attachment relationships and psychological outcomes: a comparison of Singaporean and Australian young adults

Lin, Hong-hui
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The impact close relationships have on development, functioning, and wellbeing makes its research important in enriching understanding about the social conditions that support better socio-emotional functioning. While the literature has seen voluminous research on close relationships, cross-cultural research on the topic has received relatively less attention. This dissertation addresses this literature gap by studying close relationships across two cultures, using attachment theory as the theoretical framework. A review of available adult attachment studies between Western and East Asian populations show that: 1) East Asians typically score higher culture level means in attachment insecurity (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance) on survey measures, and 2) attachment insecurity appears to more strongly predict worse psychological functioning among East Asians, than Westerners. These differences have been largely attributed to East-West differences in individualism and collectivism levels or related reasons, which are often vaguely defined and not systematically evaluated in existing studies. Current cross-cultural studies also almost overwhelmingly examine individual differences but not attachment normative processes. These findings informed two cross-cultural...

Comparative analysis of two attachment variants of butyrivibrio fibrisolvens.

Hami Seno, Djarot Sasongko
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
The attachment of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens to surfaces was studied. B. fibrisolvens strain E14, sticky (S) and loose (L) that had been reported previously (Nili and Brooker 1995) were used as models. In preliminary studies, the two cell types were compared; studies included physical and growth characteristics in defined, solid or liquid medium containing various carbon sources, the presence of compounds that may induce or inhibit attachment, and their phenotypic stability. Extracellular protein, chromosomal DNA, plasmid and 16S rDNA profiles of the two variants were examined. Compared to the non-adhering L cells, the adhering S cells were shinier, spherical, more intensely pigmented (yellow), more firmly attached to the agar surface and could only be removed with scraping. After longer incubation, the cells were released from the agar but the colonies tended to stick together, and only became separable when further incubated. In contrast, the L cells were non spherical, loosely attached to the agar and separable at all stages of growth. In liquid medium, the S cells tended to clump during the early stages of growth, and be dispersed at later stages. The L cells were dispersed throughout the medium at all stages of growth. The phenotypes of the 2 variants were stable; both variants maintained their characteristics through multiple passages on solid and in liquid medium. The presence of molecules that induced attachment of S or inhibited attachment of L cells were not detected...

Challenging behaviour in out-of-home care: use of attachment ideas in practice

McLean, S.; Riggs, D.; Kettler, L.; Delfabbro, P.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
Children in out-of-home care that demonstrate challenging behaviour are often thought of as ‘attachment disordered’. Our understanding of what this might mean for practice is not well developed. In this study, 92 South Australian stakeholders were interviewed about how they understood extremely challenging behaviour amongst school-age children in out-of-home care. Participants consistently described behaviour as arising from attachment difficulties. Despite this, there were a variety of ways that a child's attachment needs were conceptualized, which appeared to be inconsistent with contemporary attachment theory. Thematic analysis yielded four implicit views about children's attachment: attachment as capacity that is limited, attachment as skill that children can learn and transfer to other relationships, attachment as unachievable for some children and an idealized view of attachment as a close and trusting relationship. These possible misconceptions about attachment and attachment needs and their relationship to the development of challenging behaviour are discussed in terms of attachment informed research and theory. The possible implications for placement practice and policy for children in out-of-home care are discussed.; Sara McLean...

ATTACHMENT ANXIETY AND INTENTIONS TO USE CONDOMS: THE MODERATING EFFECTS OF INTERPERSONAL REJECTION

TURNER, LEIGH
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 469793 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
The purpose of this research program was to examine how attachment anxiety and rejection interact to influence intentions and attitudes toward having unprotected sexual intercourse. I hypothesized that women who were high in attachment anxiety would hold weaker intentions to use a condom and would have more negative attitudes toward condoms than would women who were low in attachment anxiety. Moreover, I predicted that these expected main effects of anxiety on intentions and attitudes would interact with rejection, such that the association between high anxiety and both weak intentions and negative attitudes would be exacerbated among women that were exposed to a rejection-salient condition. I explored the interaction of interest in the context of specific romantic partner rejection (Study One) as well as general social rejection from peers (Study Two). In Study One, I manipulated potential partner rejection and found that attachment anxiety and rejection condition interacted to influence intentions to engage in unprotected sex. In the rejection condition, attachment anxiety was marginally positively related to intentions whereas in the non-rejection condition, attachment anxiety was marginally negatively related to intentions. Upon further investigation of this same interaction...

Adult Attachment Orientation and Physical Distance: Do Threat Primes Alter Perceptions of Interpersonal Proximity?

REFLING, ERICA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
The purpose of my dissertation was to examine whether adult romantic attachment and interpersonal threat bias people’s perceptions of physical distance within a social context. Across three separate studies, I assessed the interactive effects of attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and threat on perceptions of distance. In the baseline (control) condition, I predicted that people higher in attachment anxiety would perceive greater interpersonal closeness than people lower in attachment anxiety. However, in the threat condition, I predicted that this perceptual difference would disappear or, alternatively, that people higher in attachment anxiety would perceive greater interpersonal distance than people lower in attachment anxiety. Furthermore, I hypothesized that higher levels of attachment avoidance would be associated with greater perceptions of physical distance regardless of condition. In Study One, I used a loneliness prime and measured attachment orientation to examine their influence on the strength of the tendency to perceive an ambiguous, computerized figure as walking toward oneself. In Study Two, I investigated how attachment and the threat of separation affected estimations of physical distance from one’s romantic partner who was standing relatively close by. In the third and final study...

The Neurobiology of Adult Attachment

Bailey, Martha
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Attachment styles and the experiences of parenting that underpin attachment styles have important effects throughout the lifespan. Research on the neurobiology of human attachment has begun to identify neural correlates of attachment styles. The present study adds to that body of research and confirms previous findings on correlations between attachment style and memories of parenting. My main goal was to test the first time the hypothesis that baseline neural activity in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) would be correlated adult attachment security. Previous research has identified: 1) a correlation between baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC and approach motivation; 2) a correlation between baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC and infant attachment style; and 3) a correlation between the willingness of toddlers to freely explore a new environment when in the presence of their attachment figures and attachment style. Based on these previous findings, I hypothesized that adult attachment security, as indicted by “confidence” scores on the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (ASQ), and parenting memories, as measured by the EMBU questionnaire, would be positively correlated with baseline neural activity in the left DLPFC. I also explored correlations between responses to the ASQ and to the EMBU...

Relationship threat and self-regulation: The moderating effect of attachment anxiety

MARQUES, Sandra
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Integrating research on attachment anxiety, rejection, self-regulation and health behaviours, I investigated the interactive effect of attachment anxiety and relationship threat on self-regulation. I hypothesized that self-regulation would decrease following a threat to one’s romantic relationship. Moreover, I expected that this association would be moderated by attachment anxiety, such that it would be stronger for individuals high, relative to low, in attachment anxiety. In three laboratory experiments, relationship threat was made salient and participants were given the opportunity to consume snack foods. In a non-experimental diary study, participants’ relationship stress and health behaviours were measured for a period of seven days. The results for Study 1 indicated that women, but not men, high in attachment anxiety experienced self-regulation failure (i.e., ate more jelly beans) when relationship threat was elicited. In contrast, although women low in attachment anxiety demonstrated the same pattern, it was attenuated and non-significant. Study 2 was designed to replicate the findings from Study 1 using a more powerful relationship threat manipulation that I hoped would cause a consistent pattern for both genders. Contrary to hypotheses...

Understanding attachment anxiety and paradoxical reactions to conflict with romantic partners: The moderating role of attachment-related threat

Murphy, Valerie
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
Prior research has shown that attachment anxiety is related to two contradictory conflict styles: submission and dominance. In a series of three studies, I clarified this research by introducing the role of attachment-related threat in moderating submissive versus dominant tendencies of highly anxious individuals in conflict with romantic partners. I propose that rejection-related threats activate the attachment system which motivates anxious individuals to engage in submission to restore psychological proximity to their partners. Alternatively, when threat levels are low, I propose that anxious individuals exhibit dominance towards their partners in attempt to seek validation. In Study One, I replicated and extended previous research by demonstrating the relationship between attachment anxiety and the submissive conflict style. The relationship between attachment anxiety and the dominant conflict style was moderated by gender such that this relationship was stronger for women than men. In Study Two, women read a vignette outlining a hypothetical scenario where their preferences and goals conflicted with those of their partner. This vignette contained a rejection component whereby their partner responded in either a rejecting or reassuring manner. Women high in anxiety reported being somewhat more likely to defer to the wishes of a rejecting versus non-rejecting romantic partner...

Toward a broader approach to the study of infant attachment : links between maternal autonomy-support, attachment state of mind, maternal sensitivity, and infant security of attachment

Whipple, Natasha
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Dans le but d’examiner les mécanismes qui sous-tendent le développement de la sécurité d’attachement chez l’enfant, Grossmann et al. (1999; 2008) proposent une perspective plus vaste de l’étude de l’attachement chez l’enfant, examinant les comportements parentaux pertinents aux deux côtés de l’équilibre entre le système d’attachement et le système d’exploration. La thèse se base sur cette approche pour explorer la relation entre la sécurité d’attachement chez l’enfant et deux comportements maternels, soit la sensibilité maternelle et le soutien à l’autonomie maternel, de même que la relation entre ces deux comportements et l’état d’esprit maternel face à l’attachement. Le premier article propose que la théorie de l’autodétermination, avec ses études empiriques portant sur les comportements parentaux liés à l’exploration, offre une perspective utile pour l’étude des comportements d’exploration dans le cadre de l’équilibre attachement/exploration. L’article présente une revue théorique et empirique des domaines de l’attachement et de la théorie de l’autodétermination et souligne des analogies conceptuelles et empiriques entre les deux domaines, en plus de décrire la façon dont ils se complètent et se complémentent. Le deuxième article étudie les liens entre la sensibilité maternelle...

Psychophysiological correlates of attachment organization : linear and non-linear analysis of autonomic regulation during the adult attachment interview

Klein, John M.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 14/04/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
Tese de doutoramento - Ramo do Conhecimento em Psicologia Clínica; During the last half century, Attachment Theory reached an evermore crucial place inside developmental psychology. In fact, since Bowlby's theoretical groundwork (1962/82, 1973, 1980) in association with Ainsworth's empirical drives (e.g., 1967, 1982, 1983), attachment research grew astonishingly fast not only to explain the normative processes of human development, but also considering psychopathological processes. As an extension of the research, lately, there has been a rising interest on the role of biological measures (electrodermal and cardiac activity) and their relationship with adult attachment organization (Dozier & Kobak, 1992; Roisman, Tsai & Chiang, 2004; Roisman, 2007). Under this umbrella, the present study aims to explore, with linear and nonlinear data analysis models, the relationship between attachment organization and autonomic activity in an non-clinical context. The sample comprised 50 female participants from the north of Portugal, aged between 17 and 27 (M = 21.20, SD = 3.26), which were monitored, with a multimedia system (Bio-Dual channel and Representation of Attachment Multimedia System), for skin conductance and heart rate while answering to the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI...

Attachment orientation and caretaking memories in fathers during the transition to parenthood; Orientação de vinculação e memórias de infância em pais-homens na transição para a parentalidade

Félix, Marcelo José Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Dissertação de mestrado em Psicologia Aplicada; De acordo com a teoria da vinculação, modelos dinâmicos modelam relacionamentos ao longo da vida. Na transição para a parentalidade, os processos de mudança de modelos representacionais podem ser clarificados consoante memórias de cuidados na infância e vinculação adulta. Os objetivos do estudo são, ao longo da transição para a parentalidade: primeiro, analisar o efeito das memórias de infância na vinculação adulta; segundo, explorar a (des)continuidade na trajetória da vinculação adulta e nas memórias de infância; terceiro, analisar o efeito das memórias de infância na trajetória da vinculação adulta. 86 pais-homens primíparos completaram medidas da perceção de memórias de infância e vinculação adulta no primeiro, terceiro trimestre de gravidez, parto e sexto mês pós-parto. Os resultados sugerem que os pais entram na transição mais ansiosos se tiverem memórias de rejeição materna. A trajetória de orientação de vinculação e perceção de memórias de infância é estável durante a transição para a parentalidade. Se os pais perceberem ambos progenitores como emocionalmente apoiantes, tornam-se menos evitantes ao longo da transição. Este estudo pode representar um avanço na literatura...

The salience of relational experiences: linking childhood interpersonal adversity, attachment style, and the subclinical psychosis phenotype

Sheinbaum Frank, Tamara
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
El objetivo principal de la presente tesis doctoral fue investigar el papel de la adversidad interpersonal en la infancia y los estilos de apego adulto con respecto a la esquizotipia y otros fenotipos del espectro esquizofrénico en población no clínica. El cuerpo de la tesis se compone de siete capítulos que abordan cuestiones relacionadas con la evaluación y validez de los estilos de apego y las dimensiones de esquizotipia, las asociaciones entre estos constructos y el potencial efecto mediador del apego inseguro en la relación entre la adversidad interpersonal y el fenotipo psicótico subclínico. El capítulo 1 presenta la adaptación española y las propiedades psicométricas de la Psychosis Attachment Measure. Se encontró que la adaptación española es conceptual y semánticamente equivalente a la versión original, que es apropiada para usarse en personas que presentan síntomas psicóticos y que sus propiedades psicométricas son adecuadas. El capítulo 2 examina la expresión de los estilos de apego en la vida diaria utilizando el método de "muestreo de experiencias". Se encontró que las experiencias momentáneas de afecto, cognición y funcionamiento social variaron de forma teóricamente coherente en función del estilo de apego—proporcionando evidencia de la validez ecológica de los estilos de apego. El capítulo 3 investiga la validez de la esquizotipia positiva y negativa. La esquizotipia positiva predijo el estado mental de alto riesgo/umbral de psicosis y ambas dimensiones predijeron la presencia de trastornos de la personalidad del espectro esquizofrénico. Además...

As especificidades do padrão de apego de meninos: estudo de casos múltiplos; Specificities of the attachment pattern of boys: multiple case study

Schneider, Michele Scheffel; Ramires, Vera Regina Röhnelt
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Esta pesquisa buscou identificar indicadores do padrão de apego de meninos em relação a suas figuras parentais, avaliar a existência de especificidade do padrão de apego em relação à mãe e ao pai e descrever as características familiares associadas ao apego seguro/inseguro. O estudo, realizado com três meninos entre 5 e 8 anos, com queixas escolares, foi baseado na teoria do apego e adotou como procedimento os Estudos de Casos Múltiplos. A avaliação dos indicadores do apego foi realizada através do Manchester Child Attachment Story Task - MCAST, procedimento cujas estórias remetem a situações de angústia. A análise do desfecho de cada narrativa apontou indicadores do padrão de apego implicado. Outros procedimentos foram aplicados, com a finalidade de complementar os dados encontrados no MCAST: Escala Global e Escala de Freqüência de Sinais Específicos aplicada ao Desenho da Família, Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) e Entrevistas com os meninos e seus pais. Em dois dos três casos avaliados se levantou a hipótese de especificidade do padrão de apego em relação à mãe e ao pai. A qualidade de cada relação parental foi única e um padrão de apego considerado como predominantemente seguro apresentou indicadores inseguros e vice-versa. As características familiares relacionaram-se a vínculos frágeis...

Mothering and mental illness: an ethnography of attachment in an institutional context.

Masciantonio, Sonia Christine
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
This thesis entitled Mothering and Mental illness: An Ethnography of Attachment in an Institutional Context, explores mothering in the context of mental illness. It is based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted from November 2008 to October 2009 in Oliveto – an Australian, state-run, mother and baby unit that facilitates dual admission and treatment of mothers and babies. Psychiatric diagnosis was the primary criterion for admission; however it was the woman's social role as mother that confirmed her entrance into the psychiatric unit which specifically offered dyadic treatments. Oliveto was a six bed inpatient facility that admitted a total of 104 mother-baby dyads during the eleven month fieldwork period. Oliveto's psychiatric practice followed a biopsychosocial model of treatment, facilitated by a multidisciplinary team. The team was led by female psychiatrists and supported by psychologists, psychiatric nurses, midwives, occupational therapists and social workers who were predominantly female. As Oliveto was an acute unit, admission periods were relatively short, with an average of three weeks. Therefore the most useful ethnographic data were collected through participant observation and in-depth interviewing with Oliveto's multidisciplinary team...

Apego em casais com um filho com autismo; Attachment in couples with a child with Autism

Semensato, Márcia Rejane; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul; Bosa, Cleonice Alves; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Fonte: Eduff Publicador: Eduff
Tipo: ; ; ; Avaliado por pares; pesquisa de estudo de caso qualitativo Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
A teoria do apego tem como premissas que o apego da pessoa está relacionado à qualidade das suas relações amorosas e que tende a ser reativado em situações estressantes. Baseado nisso, esse estudo investigou as relações entre apego individual e apego compartilhado pelos cônjuges, em três casais, cujo filho apresenta o Transtorno do Espectro do Autismo -TEA. O apego individual foi avaliado através do Attachment Script Assessment e o apego compartilhado, através de uma entrevista semiestruturada. Os principais resultados revelaram que em casais, nos quais um (ou ambos) dos cônjuges, apresentaram acesso ao script de apego individual seguro, a relação como parceiros, principalmente no aspecto parental, estava preservada, o que não ocorreu quando os cônjuges não apresentaram estes indicadores. ; The premises of the attachment theory state that a person`s attachment is related to the quality of their romantic relations and that it tends to be reactivated in stressful situations. Based on this, this study has investigated the relations between the individual attachment and the joint attachment in couples, in three couples whose child presents autism. The individual attachment script was assessed through the Attachment Script Assessment and the couple’s attachment through a semi-structured interview. The main results showed that in couples in which one or both individuals have access to the secure attachment script...