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Southernmost Asia Is the Source of Japanese Encephalitis Virus (Genotype 1) Diversity from which the Viruses Disperse and Evolve throughout Asia

Gao, Xiaoyan; Liu, Hong; Wang, Huanyu; Fu, Shihong; Guo, Zhenyang; Liang, Guodong
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/09/2013 EN
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36.17%
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) probably originated in the Malaysia/Indonesia region. Currently, there are no systematic studies that adequately define how it subsequently dispersed throughout Asia. In this study, we demonstrate that JEV lineages can be divided into four endemic cycles, comprising southern Asia, eastern coastal Asia, western Asia, and central Asia. In each endemic cycle the source of virus was geographically independent regardless of year, vector, and host of isolation. The southernmost region (Thailand, Vietnam, and Yunnan Province, China) was identified as the most likely source of JEV transmission from its origin to the Asian continent. Based on the evidence, we identified three probable JEV dispersal routes from south to north. Analysis of JEV population dynamics further supports this view. Our results provide new insights into the understanding of JEV evolution and dispersal and highlight its potential for introduction into non-endemic areas.

Reversing the Tide: Priorities for HIV/AIDS Prevention in Central Asia

Godinho, Joana; Renton, Adrian; Vinogradov, Viatcheslav; Novotny, Thomas; Rivers, Mary-Jane; Gotsadze, George; Bravo, Mario
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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Although the number of reported cases of HIV in Central Asia is still very low, the growth rate of the epidemic (about 500 cases in 2000 to over 12,000 in 2004) is a cause for serious concern. Central Asia lies along the drug routes from Afghanistan to Russia and Western Europe, and it is estimated that it has half a million drug users, of which more than half inject drugs. Without concerted action, we may expect to see the rapid development of an HIV epidemic concentrated among injecting drug users over the next four or five years, followed by the spread among the 15- to 30-year-old population, with sexual transmission as the predominant mode. This would follow the pattern of the epidemic in other regional countries such as Russia, Ukraine, and Moldova.

How can Western conservationists talk to Melanesian landowners about indigenous knowledge?

Filer, Colin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 183124 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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[Introduction]: Conservation is one of those industries that can easily creep up on us by surprise. I’ve always had a soft spot for nature, but nature is something which anthropologists find it hard to talk about these days. On the other hand, there is no getting away from biodiversity, nor from the huge amount of time, effort and money which has been injected into its conservation over the course of the last decade. During that time, Western conservationists have been engaged in many forms of dialogue with Melanesian landowners who happen also to be the owners of the biodiversity values which the conservationists wish to preserve or enhance. This dialogue has generally been directed towards the design, management and evaluation of ‘integrated conservation and development projects’, and its central topic is therefore consyesd, by both parties, as the relationship between ‘conservation’ and ‘development’. Anthropologists have made occasional appearances as listeners or participants in these conversations, and even as project managers or technical advisers, but their own interpretations of this dialogue have not always been acceptable to the (other?) Western conservationists, whose ultimate aim is to address ‘the needs of nature’ rather than the aspirations of its local guardians. The key question addressed in this paper is the role which conceptions of ‘indigenous people’ and ‘indigenous knowledge’ have in fact played in the construction of this dialogue...

The language shift in progress of Thai Song

Somsonge Burusphat
Fonte: Asia-Pacific Linguistics; http://pacling.anu.edu.au/; http://www.jseals.org Publicador: Asia-Pacific Linguistics; http://pacling.anu.edu.au/; http://www.jseals.org
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version Formato: 16 pages
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The research question of this paper is: To what extent has the Thai Song language been influenced by the Thai language? The finding of this question is obtained by a sociolinguistic study of phonological variation and lexical replacement among Thai Song speakers of three age groups: old generation (over 60), middle generation (35-55), and young generation (18-30). Thai Song speakers residing at two locations in Nakhon Pathom province are selected as a case study of Thai Song in the western region of Thailand. The study of phonological variation reveals that Thai Song has progressively shifted to Thai in the speech of middle and young generations. The study of lexical replacement shows that young generation speakers use fewer Thai Song words than the older generations.; Australian National University; "This paper is part of the sub-project “Ethnic language processes in progress” of the cluster research “Ethnicity: New paradigm in language and cultural transmission” sponsored by the Research-Team Promotion Grant 2010-2013, Thailand Research Fund (TRF). It is a revised version of the paper “The language maintenance and shift of Thai Song Dam in the western region of Thailand” presented at the 2011 Joint Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS) & International Convention of Asia Scholars (ICAS) in Honolulu...

Policy approaches to address the social and environmental determinants of health inequity in Asia-Pacific

Friel, Sharon; Loring, Belinda; Aungkasuvapala, Narongsakdi; Baum, Fran; Blaiklock, Alison; Chiang, Tung-liang; Cho, Youngtae; Dakulala, Paison; Guo, Yan; Hashimoto, Hideki; Horton, Kellie; Jayasinghe, Saroj; Matheson, Don; Nguyen, Huong Thanh; Otto, Cale
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 19 pages
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36.15%
Asia Pacific is home to over 60% of the world’s population and the fastest growing economies. Many of the leadership in the Asia Pacific region is becoming increasingly aware that improving the conditions for health would go a long way to sustaining economic prosperity in the region, as well as improving global and local health equity. There is no biological reason why males born in Cambodia can expect to live 23 years less than males born in Japan, or why females born in Tuvalu live 23 years shorter than females in New Zealand or why non-Indigenous Australian males live 12 years longer than Indigenous men. The nature and drivers of health inequities vary greatly among different social, cultural and geo-political contexts and effective solutions must take this into account. This paper utilizes the CSDH global recommendations as a basis for looking at the actions that are taking place to address the structural drivers and conditions of daily living that affect health inequities in the Asia Pacific context. While there are signs of action and hope, substantial challenges remain for health equity in Asia Pacific. The gains that have been made to date are not equally distributed and may be unsustainable as the world encounters new economic...

Functions and status of western loanwords in Indonesian

Hassall, Tim
Fonte: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Publicador: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 29 pages
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In a radio interview some time ago I heard an Indonesian politician trying to use a western loanword, to comical effect. He wanted to say that certain laws were ‘retrospective’ in their scope (berlaku retrospektif). He got as far as “berlaku re-” and then stopped. He tried again, but wrongly said “retrospeks-” – perhaps confusing it with words like introspeksi”. He stopped again at that point, and said softly to himself in a puzzled tone Apa itu? ("What is it?"). Finally he gave up and simply used a common native word that means the same thing instead, namely surut.

Sedimentology and lithostratigraphy of Upper Eocene sponge-rich sediments, southern Western Australia

Gammon, P.; James, N.; Clarke, J.; Bone, Y.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 EN
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46.07%
Late Eocene time in the Bremer and western Eucla Basins of southern Western Australia was a period of terrigenous clastic and abundant, unusual, biosiliceous sponge sedimentation. The Pallinup Formation (revised) consists of five units; 1 and 2 are basal sandstones, 3 and 4 are variably spiculitic mudstones, whilst the uppermost unit is spiculite and spongolite, and formalised as the Fitzgerald Member (new). The Pallinup Formation, plus coeval spiculites in palaeovalleys and carbonates in the western Eucla Basin, accumulated during one large‐scale, transgressive‐regressive relative sea‐level cycle. Drowned, low‐gradient rivers supplied mud but little sand. Instead, sand was locally sourced via transgressive shoreface erosion of deeply weathered regolith. Regression terminated shoreface erosion, eliminated the sand source, and resulted in a river‐supplied, clay‐dominated shallow‐marine depositional system. The unit 2–3 sandstone‐mudstone transition, which would normally be interpreted as transgressive drowning, is in this case the result of regressive cessation of sand supply. The peak relative sea‐level (highstand) horizon thus lies within unit 2 sandstones, a facies that would usually be considered wholly transgressive...

Surgical management of lung cancer in Western Australia in 1996 and its outcomes

Mina, K.; Byrne, M.; Ryan, G.; Fritschi, L.; Newman, M.; Joseph, D.; Harper, C.; Bayliss, E.; Kolybaba, M.; Jamrozik, K.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
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46.07%
Background: All cases of lung cancer diagnosed in Western Australia in 1996 in which surgery was the primary treatment, were reviewed. Reported herein are the characteristics of the patients, the treatment outcomes and a comparison of the management undertaken with that recommended by international guidelines. Methods: All patients with a new diagnosis of lung cancer in Western Australia in the calendar year of 1996 were identified using two different population-based registration systems: the Western Australian (WA) Cancer Registry and the WA Hospital Morbidity Data System. A structured questionnaire on the diagnosis and management was completed for each case. Date of death was determined through the WA Cancer Registry. Results: Six hundred and sixty-eight patients with lung cancer were identified; 132 (20%) were treated with surgery. Lobectomy was the most frequently performed procedure (71%), followed by pneumonectomy (19%). Major complications affected 23% of patients. Postoperative mortality was 6% (3% lobectomy, 12% pneumonectomy). At 5 years the absolute survival was as follows for stage I, II, IIIA, IIIB, respectively: 51%, 45%, 12%, 5%. Conclusions: Investigations and choice of surgery in WA in 1996 reflect current international guidelines. The survival of patients with resectable lung cancer remains unsatisfactory.

The in vitro evaluation of tigecycline tested against pathogens isolated in eight countries in the Asia-Western Pacific region (2008)

Farrell, D.; Turnidge, J.; Bell, J.; Sader, H.; Jones, R.
Fonte: W B Saunders Co Ltd Publicador: W B Saunders Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
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66.41%
OBJECTIVES: To determine the in vitro activity of tigecycline and comparator common use antimicrobial agents tested against contemporary bacterial pathogens from the Asia-Western Pacific region. METHODS: As part of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, a total of 5759 Gram-positive and Gram-negative isolates were collected from 28 medical centers in eight Asia-Western Pacific countries during 2008. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) broth microdilution method and interpreted using CLSI breakpoints. United States Food and Drug Administration (US-FDA) breakpoints were used to interpret tigecycline susceptibility. RESULTS: Antimicrobial resistance was found to be widespread and prevalence varied considerably between the eight countries. Against pathogens for which breakpoints were available, >98% of all isolates were susceptible to tigecycline. Against all Gram-positive isolates, including methicillin (oxacillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, penicillin- and multidrug-resistant pneumococci, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci, the highest tigecycline MIC found was 1 microg/ml. Against all Enterobacteriaceae, including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase phenotypes...

The mechanics of Russian foreign policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia: regional hegemony or neo-imperialism?

Hlosek, Andrea L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: x, 137 p. : (1 col. map); 28 cm.
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Under President Putin, Russiab2ss foreign policy adopted the characteristics of Great Power Normalization, a pragmatic, economically focused model described by Andrei Tsygankov. Its tenets include cooperative economic and security relationships with the West, to include tolerance of Western military presence in the Former Soviet Union (FSU); a refocused foreign policy toward the FSU designed to secure regional hegemony; and a de-emphasis of large-scale integration efforts such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in lieu of bilateral and regionally focused multilateral efforts that elevate geo-economic goals over military presence. Russian foreign policy during President Putin's second term of office however, appears to have become more assertive, characterized by increasing conflict with CIS member Georgia, renewed military presence in Central Asia and the Caspian Basin at the expense of Western presence, and an aggressive energy agenda that has secured Russia large stakes in FSU energy infrastructure and a monopoly on regional oil and gas pipelines that export raw materials to outside markets. This thesis analyzed Russian influence in diplomatic, cultural, economic and military efforts across two regions, the Caucasus and Central Asia...

An Asia Pacific community: feasible or fanciful? An Australian policy perspective

Buttenshaw, Skye
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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36.4%
On 4 June 2008 Prime Minister Kevin Rudd proposed the establistunent of an Asia Pacific Community in an address to the Asia Society Australasia Centre in Sydney. He deemed the 21st century the Asia Pacific Century and proposed the establistunent of an Asia Pacific Community as an ideal way for Australia to approach the changing times. The community Rudd described was to be inclusive of all states in the Asia Pacific region and to tackle all economic, political, and security matters the region faced. He described the community as a means by which Australia could maximise its opportunities and minimise its threats, given its unique geographical position. The announcement of such a significant organisation required examination. Before being able to judge whether or not the idea was feasible, reasons for the proposal had to be examined. As the proposal was such a recent revelation and the details of the community unknown even to Rudd himself, research had to be carried out in a number of ways, including interviewing people with varied expertise. Each interviewed person stressed the uncertain nature of the 21st centt1ry; the Asia Pacific Century, according to Rudd, or the Asian Century, according to most others. Since the end of the Cold War global interaction has been dominated by the Western liberal order as the United States has enjoyed supreme economic...

Multilateral governance of fisheries: management and cooperation in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries

Chand, Satish; Grafton, R. Quentin; Petersen, Elizabeth
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 545956 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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46%
The tuna resources of the Western and Central Pacific (WCP) are the world's largest and most valuable fisheries of their type and are of significant economic importance to the Pacific Island countries (PICs), through whose waters of national jurisdiction the tuna migrate. Two major concerns exist with the current governance of the fishery. First, PICs are receiving only a small share of the resource rents from the tuna fisheries. Second, current management structure of the fisheries will not ensure the long-term sustainability of the resources. The paper presents a simple model to argue for increased resource taxation as a means of raising tax revenues and improving sustainability of the resource. Such an outcome is only possible when a single policy-maker has the prerogative to set taxes so that the government acts as a Stakelberg leader in this game. Institutional mechanisms to engender cooperation between PIC governments and with distant water fishing nations (DWFNs) to achieve the espoused outcomes of the model are also presented.; no

The East Asia Summit: challenges of emerging regionalism and Australia's Interests

McComish, Susannah
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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36.2%
The inaugural East Asia Summit (EAS) was held in Kuala Lumpur on 14 December 2005 . The EAS brought together leaders from the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) as well as China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and India, for the first time. Following the Summit, its 16 members declared that the EAS would be an opportunity to discuss a broad range of strategic, political and economic issues of importance to the region. The Summit is the latest development in an emerging East Asian architecture which can trace its origins to the abortive East Asian Economic Grouping (EAEG) proposed by former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in 1990. Since then, East Asian regional cooperation has intensified through frameworks such as the Asia- Europe Meetings (ASEM) and ASEAN Plus Three (ASEAN+3). In parallel, Asia Pacific cooperation has developed through the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, an initiative of the Australian and South Korean Governments . The advent of the EAS raises numerous issues. What will its agenda be? Should membership be expanded to include the US, Russia and others? Will the Summit be an expression of an emerging, but as yet undefined, East Asian community? In light of continuing uncertainty...

Technique and practice : shell-working in the Western Pacific and island Southeast Asia

Szabo, Katherine Anne
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
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36.34%
The Lapita cultural complex has been a focal point of Pacific archaeology for many years. Not only is it materially distinctive, but it is also cast as signalling the first colonisation the western Pacific beyond the main Solomon Islands chain, the introduction of a neolithic way of life to this area, and providing the cultural base from which later Polynesian cultures emerge. The 'origins' of the Lapita cultural complex have also been a major area of interest, and there has been much debate as to how much Lapita owes to the Island Southeast Asian neolithic, and how much of the culture represents a continuation of Near Oceanic cultural trajectories. Despite all this debate, archaeological material from Island Southeast Asia, pre-Lapita Near Oceania and the Lapita cultural complex itself, has never been physically compared in any systematic way. This task forms the basis of the research presented here. Artefacts produced in shell have been central to arguments for both Lapita representing an 'extension' of the Island Southeast Asian neolithic and a local trajectory encompassing the neolithic transition in Near Oceania. It was thus felt that a controlled comparison of worked shell material across Island Southeast Asia and the western Pacific...

Regional Integration in East Asia : Challenges and Opportunities, Part 1. History and Institutions

Sakakibara, Eisuke; Yamakawa, Sharon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Over the past decade, regional integration has become the focus of intense global interest and debate, and the regionalization of East Asia has figured prominently in that dialogue. East Asia can be described as a heterogeneous region that is both global and intraregional. The authors examine the motivating factors and underlying dynamics of the progression toward closer cooperation in the region beginning from a historical perspective, which sets the stage for an evaluation of the form that regional cooperation might take so as not to sacrifice the benefits of the region's already achieved openness. This examination includes a review of the lingering effects of the 1997-98 Asian crisis, the expanding role of China in the region, the prolonged slump in Japan's economy, and the evolution of regional institutions such as the Asia-Pacific Economic cooperation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, among others. The authors focus on trade, direct investment, and the financial and monetary aspects of regional cooperation. In their analysis...

Food allergy in Asia: how does it compare?

Lee, Alison Joanne; Thalayasingam, Meera; Lee, Bee Wah
Fonte: Asia Pacific Association of Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology Publicador: Asia Pacific Association of Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.35%
Asia is a populous and diverse region and potentially an important source of information on food allergy. This review aims to summarize the current literature on food allergy from this region, comparing it with western populations. A PubMed search using strategies "Food allergy AND Asia", "Food anaphylaxis AND Asia", and "Food allergy AND each Asian country" was made. Overall, 53 articles, published between 2005 and 2012, mainly written in English were reviewed. The overall prevalence of food allergy in Asia is somewhat comparable to the West. However, the types of food allergy differ in order of relevance. Shellfish is the most common food allergen from Asia, in part due to the abundance of seafood in this region. It is unique as symptoms vary widely from oral symptoms to anaphylaxis for the same individual. Data suggest that house dust mite tropomysin may be a primary sensitizer. In contrast, peanut prevalence in Asia is extremely low compared to the West for reasons not yet understood. Among young children and infants, egg and cow's milk allergy are the two most common food allergies, with prevalence data comparable to western populations. Differences also exist within Asia. Wheat allergy, though uncommon in most Asian countries...

Tracing the origin of the east-west population admixture in the Altai region (Central Asia)

González Ruiz, Mercedes; Pereira dos Santos, Cristina Maria; Jordana Comín, Xavier; Simón Martínez, Marc; Lalueza Fox, Carles,; Gigli, Elena; Aluja, Ma. Pilar; Malgosa Morera, Assumpció
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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36.23%
A recent discovery of Iron Age burials (Pazyryk culture) in the Altai Mountains of Mongolia may shed light on the mode and tempo of the generation of the current genetic east-west population admixture in Central Asia. Studies on ancient mitochondrial DNA of this region suggest that the Altai Mountains played the role of a geographical barrier between West and East Eurasian lineages until the beginning of the Iron Age. After the 7th century BC, coinciding with Scythian expansion across the Eurasian steppes, a gradual influx of East Eurasian sequences in Western steppes is detected. However, the underlying events behind the genetic admixture in Altai during the Iron Age are still unresolved: 1) whether it was a result of migratory events (eastward firstly, westward secondly), or 2) whether it was a result of a local demographic expansion in a ‘contact zone’ between European and East Asian people. In the present work, we analyzed the mitochondrial DNA lineages in human remains from Bronze and Iron Age burials of Mongolian Altai. Here we present support to the hypothesis that the gene pool of Iron Age inhabitants of Mongolian Altai was similar to that of western Iron Age Altaians (Russia and Kazakhstan). Thus, this people not only shared the same culture (Pazyryk)...

The Western Black Crested gibbon Nomascus concolor in Laos: New Records and Conservation Status

Johnson, Arlyne; Singh, Sarinda; Duangdata, Malaykham; Hedemark, Michael
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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36.2%
Few viable populations of western black crested gibbon Nomascus concolor remain in southern China and northern Indochina, where the species is endemic. We conducted village surveys in the Nam Ha National Protected Area in Luang Namtha Province, Lao PDR to assess presence and status of gibbon populations. Forest surveys used to verify gibbon presence and species identification confirmed village reports of gibbon populations in three locations, and sonogram analysis identified all as N. concolor. These represent an expansion in the known distribution of western black crested gibbon in Lao PDR and the only known populations to occur inside the national protected area system. Significantly longer times since gibbons were last reported were associated with villages with <50% forest cover and high human populations. Although village taboos regarding gibbon hunting were reported, hunting and trade were nevertheless identified as factors contributing to gibbon decline. Results indicated that increased community-based management, public education and enforcement are needed to maintain N. concolor populations and their habitat in Lao PDR.

Nine New Painted Rock Art Sites from East Timor in the Context of the Western Pacific Region

O'Connor, Susan
Fonte: University of Hawaii Press Publicador: University of Hawaii Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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36.2%
Few rock art sites are known for the islands of Wallacea. This paper reports nine new painted rock art sites located in East Timor during archaeological reconnaissance in 2000 to 2001; bringing the total number of painted rock art sites in East Timor to 15. Both the new and previously known rock art sites in East Timor are reviewed in the context of painted rock art elsewhere in the western Pacific region. They are also evaluated in terms of the criteria used by Ballard (1992) to define the "Austronesian painting tradition" and the relationship between the art, topography, and language groups for the new sites is described. Motif content, motif placement within the sites, and design elements are compared in a preliminary fashion with that of other painting sites known from East Timor and the western Pacific. The East Timor sites are conformable with Austronesian-painted rock art sites elsewhere although they display some features that appear to be locally or regionally distinctive. It is likely that with systematic survey, and thorough inspection of cave and shelter walls, many more sites will be found in East Timor and elsewhere in Island Southeast Asia. The faded and deteriorated condition of many of the East Timor paintings indicates that recording should be undertaken with some urgency.

Diasporas transforming homelands: nuancing 'collective remittance' practices in a western Indian village

Basu, Sudeep
Fonte: Asia Research Centre, The London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Asia Research Centre, The London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2013 EN; EN
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46.09%
Diasporic communities that advance their ancestral homelands through forging links with it can be best examined in the context of the history of migration of these communities and the culture of developing stakes in the homeland through material and emotional investments of various kinds. While globalization of migration has facilitated diasporas of various kinds, there has been a marked turn of gaze towards the homeland by diasporic members. What ties the emigrant/diasporics with the places of origin are collective meso-structures of village communities/associations and hometown networks which integrate and manage the changes induced by migration, in maintaining and constructing boundaries, villages spaces, resources, hierarchies, norms and practices. While migration encompasses a whole range of social, political and economic factors, the focus of this study in a village in North Gujarat, western India is not on why people migrate nor on why people give but rather on the effects and meanings that migration and collective remittances would hold for individuals or groups in ‘places of origin’. This search for meanings would entail an understanding of the values, structures and expectations that inhere in acts of giving. While reconstructing the local community’s reception of the emergent dual character of diasporic giving...