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Determination of ascorbic acid and acetylsalicylic acid in commercial preparations using an electronic tongue

Pereira, Olívia R.; Gomes, Cláudia; Gonçalves, Cristina; Borlido, Diana; Batista, Marta; Teixeira, Tatiana; Dias, Luís G.
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
The electronic tongue is a multi-sensors system used to identify the basic standards of taste, such as sweet, salty, sour and bitter, at levels not detectable by humans. Although the main purpose of electronic tongue is the qualitative analysis, the quantitative analysis of substances in a liquid matrix is also possible, having been the subject of these preliminary studies the application of electronic tongue to pharmaceutical products. In this way, the aim of the current study was the quantitative analysis of ascorbic acid (AA) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in several commercial preparations using an electronic tongue. For that, solutions of standard compounds or of commercial preparations contain ascorbic acid and acetylsalicylic acid were analizes by an electronic tongue. The obtained data were using to determine the concentrations of the solutions thought através do multiple linear regression method. The preliminary tests showed that it is possible to quantify the ascorbic acid in effervescent formulations of vitamin C, using the predictor model obtained by multiple linear regression. In the case of acetylsalicylic acid it was verified that the matrix of the analgesics or antipyretics drugs significantly affect the signs of the electronic tongue. The electronic tongue can be used determined ascorbic acid in effervescent formulations while it is necessary developed more selective sensors to acetylsalicylic acid in order to improve the predictive power of electronic tongue quantification of this compound.

Determination of ascorbic acid and acetylsalicylic acid in commercial preparations using an electronic tongue

Pereira, Olívia R.; Gomes, Cláudia; Gonçalves, Cristina; Borlido, Diana; Batista, Marta; Teixeira, Tatiana; Dias, Luís G.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
The electronic tongue is a multi-sensors system used to identify the basic standards of taste, such as sweet, salty, sour and bitter, at levels not detectable by humans. Although the main purpose of electronic tongue is the qualitative analysis, the quantitative analysis of substances in a liquid matrix is also possible, having been the subject of these preliminary studies the application of electronic tongue to pharmaceutical products. In this way, the aim of the current study was the quantitative analysis of ascorbic acid (AA) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in several commercial preparations using an electronic tongue. Methods: For that, solutions of standard compounds or of commercial preparations contain ascorbic acid and acetylsalicylic acid were analizes by an electronic tongue. The obtained data were using to determine the concentrations of the solutions thought através do multiple linear regression method. Results: The preliminary tests showed that it is possible to quantify the ascorbic acid in effervescent formulations of vitamin C, using the predictor model obtained by multiple linear regression. In the case of acetylsalicylic acid it was verified that the matrix of the analgesics or antipyretics drugs significantly affect the signs of the electronic tongue. Conclusions: The electronic tongue can be used determined ascorbic acid in effervescent formulations while it is necessary developed more selective sensors to acetylsalicylic acid in order to improve the predictive power of electronic tongue quantification of this compound.

Ascorbic acid metabolism in fruits: activity of enzymes involved in synthesis and degradation during ripening in mango and guava

GOMEZ, Maria Luiza P. A.; LAJOLO, Franco M.
Fonte: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD Publicador: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid is a very important compound for plants. It has essential functions, mainly as an antioxidant and growth regulator. Ascorbic acid biosynthesis has been extensively studied, but studies in fruits are very limited. In this work we studied the influence of five enzymes involved in synthesis (L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase, GalLDH, EC 1.3.2.3), oxidation (ascorbate oxidase, EC 1.10.3.3, and ascorbate peroxidase, APX, EC and recycling (monodehydroascorbate reductase, EC 1.6.5.4, and dehydroascorbate reductase, DHAR, EC 1.8.5.1) on changes in ascorbic acid content during development and ripening of mangoes (Mangifera indica L. cv. Keitt) and during the ripening of white pulp guavas (Psidium guayava L. cv. Paloma). RESULTS: It was found that there was a balance between the activities of GalLDH, APX and DHAR, both in mangoes and guavas. CONCLUSIONS: Equilibrium between the enzymatic activities of synthesis, catabolism and recycling is important for the regulation of ascorbic acid content in mango and guava. These results have contributed to understanding some of the changes that occur in ascorbic acid levels during fruit ripening. (C) 2008 Society of Chemical Industry.

Ascorbic acid concentration is reduced in the secondary aqueous humour of glaucomatous patients

LEITE, Mauro T.; PRATA, Tiago S.; KERA, Clarissa Z.; MIRANDA, Denise V.; BARROS, Silvia B. de Moraes; MELO JR., Luiz A. S.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
P>Background: We aimed to evaluate the ascorbic acid concentration in secondary aqueous humour (AH) from glaucomatous patients and to compare it with primary AH from primary open-angle glaucoma patients and non-glaucomatous patients. Methods: Primary AH samples were prospectively obtained from clinically uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma patients and senile cataract patients (controls) prior to trabeculectomy and cataract surgery. Secondary AH samples were obtained from eyes with previous intraocular surgery, prior to trabeculectomy or cataract surgery. AH (0.1 mL) was aspirated by inserting a 26-gauge needle into the anterior chamber just before surgery and then immediately stored at -80 degrees C. The ascorbic acid concentration was determined in a masked fashion by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Results: A total of 18 patients with senile cataract, 16 glaucomatous patients with primary AH (no previous intraocular surgery) and 11 glaucomatous patients with secondary AH (previous intraocular surgery) were included. There was no difference in mean age between groups (P = 0.15). The mean +/- standard deviation concentration of ascorbic acid in the secondary AH from glaucomatous patients (504 +/- 213 mu mol/L [95% confidence interval {CI}...

Correlação entre ácido ascórbico plasmático, contagem de células somáticas no leite e o perfil metabólico de vacas secas e em lactação; Correlation between plasma ascorbic acid, milk somatic cell count and metabolic profile in lactating and dry cows

Santos, Marcos Veiga dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/10/1998 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
Vacas em lactação apresentam capacidade de síntese endógena de ácido ascórbico para suprir os seus requerimentos, no entanto, sob condições estressantes como altas temperaturas e umidade, elevadas produções de leite, parasitoses e incidência de doenças, pode haver produção insuficiente de ácido ascórbico para as demandas metabólicas do animal. Foram objetivos do presente estudo avaliar o efeito do estágio de lactação e número de lactações sobre a concentração plasmática de ácido ascórbico de 153 vacas em lactação e 40 vacas no período seco em 3 fazendas leiteiras, e sua correlação com: a contagem de células somáticas (CCS) no leite, níveis de glicose plasmática, níveis de ácidos graxos não-esterificados (AGNE), níveis de insulina plasmática, níveis de beta-hidroxibutirato (BHBA) plasmático, níveis de aspartato-aminotransferase (AST) plasmática, níveis de produção de leite e escore de condição corporal. Os animais foram escolhidos ao acaso e agrupados em 5 grupos de acordo com o estágio de lactação (estágio 1: 1-28 dias; estágio 2: 29-56 dias; estágio 3: 57-140 dias; estágio 4: 141-280 dias e estágio 5: vacas secas) e de acordo com o número de lactações (primíparas ou multíparas). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para determinação de ácido ascórbico plasmático utilizando técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta pressão. A análise estatística foi realizada com o uso do programa computacional SAS. A concentração média (mg/L) de ácido ascórbico plasmático foi de 2...

Determinação da dose de segurança de ácido ascórbico utilizada no tratamento da obstrução de cateter venoso central totalmente implantado; Determining the safe dosage of ascorbic acid used in the treatment of occluded totally implanted central venous catheter

Vasquês, Christiane Inocencio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/01/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
A obstrução de cateter venoso central totalmente implantado (CV-TI) é uma das complicações relacionadas ao seu uso. A recuperação da permeabilidade do CVC-TI é a maneira mais adequada de lidar com esta complicação por se tratar de uma intervenção mais rápida e de menor custo quando comparado com o reposicionamento ou a troca do dispositivo. O ácido ascórbico (AA) vem sendo utilizado em alguns hospitais brasileiros e resultados satisfatórios têm sido obtidos. Estudos in vitro relataram que o AA atua no processo fibrinolítico e pode contribuir para a desobstrução de cateter venoso central de longa permanência. O presente estudo tem por finalidade determinar a dose de segurança do ácido ascórbico para o tratamento da obstrução de cateter venoso central totalmente implantado. Trata-se de ensaio clínico fase II, randomizado em três grupos de tratamento (50mg, 100mg e 200mg de ácido ascórbico), não controlado, conduzido em quatro hospitais brasileiros. Para isso, foram incluídos 21 sujeitos com idade média de 53 anos, a maioria com diagnóstico de câncer de mama. Seis sujeitos obtiveram sucesso com o tratamento proposto, apresentando a desobstrução do cateter. Dentre eles, quatro receberam a dose de 50 miligramas e apresentaram desobstrução completa ou parcial. Em relação ao tempo de desobstrução...

Efeitos do ácido ascórbico em biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo em nadadores de alto rendimento de Ribeirão Preto/SP; Effects of ascorbic acid on oxidative stress biomarkers in high-performance swimmers of Ribeirão Preto/SP

Picchi, Monike Gárlipp
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/10/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
O exercício físico intenso altera o sistema antioxidante, aumentando a geração de radicais livres e/ou diminuindo a concentração de antioxidantes. Assim o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos da oferta de vitamina C através de um suplemento alimentar e dieta rica em ácido ascórbico no estresse oxidativo induzido pelo exercício. A amostra foi composta por 13 nadadores de elite (6 homens e 7 mulheres), com idades entre 18 e 26 anos, IMC médio 21,8kg/m², que treinavam em média 19,4h semanais. Os atletas foram submetidos à carga de exercício aguda em 3 fases, controle (C), dieta rica em vitamina C (D) e suplemento de vitamina C (S), nas quais amostras de sangue foram colhidas antes, imediatamente após e 24 horas depois do exercício, para determinação bioquímica e do estresse oxidativo. O uso de suplementos alimentares foi feito pela maioria dos nadadores (92,3%), e os suplementos mais usados eram Maltodextrina, associação de proteína e carboidrato, enquanto o relato do consumo de antioxidantes não foi muito freqüente (25%). Em relação ao consumo de antioxidantes, os nadadores apresentavam consumo alimentar variável de vitamina C, sendo que muitos deles apenas adequaram o consumo devido à adição feita pelo estudo. O consumo de vitamina E foi inadequado para todos os atletas...

EFFECT OF ASCORBIC-ACID DEFICIENCY ON THE GROWTH, GILL FILAMENT LESIONS AND BEHAVIOR OF PACU FRY (PIARACTUS-MESOPOTAMICUS HOLMBERG, 1887)

Martins, M. L.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 563-568
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
The effect of ascorbic acid deficiency was determined in Piaractus mesopotamicus Holmberg, 1887, fish (pacu) under laboratory conditions. A total of 120 fish with an average body weight of 8.64 +/- 1.62 g and measuring 6.15 +/- 0.33 cm in length at the beginning of the experiment were fed diets containing 0, 50, 100 or 200 mg palmitate-coated ascorbic acid/kg dry ration for a period of 24 weeks with measurements every 4 weeks. The experiment was conducted in 20 fiber-cement aquaria of 81-liter capacity. Each aquarium was supplied with dechlorinated water at a flow rate of 1 l/min. Water temperature was measured daily and pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity and water conductivity were determined weekly. A fully randomized experimental design was utilized, with 5 replicates of each treatment and 6 fish per aquarium. Ascorbic acid-supplemented fish presented significantly increased growth when compared to unsupplemented fish. Furthermore, unsupplemented fish presented a higher incidence of hyperplasia, hypertrophy and dysplasia of the bone cartilage of gill filaments. The gill lamellae of unsupplemented fish had twisted cartilage and an inflammatory infiltrate at the ends. Anorexia and increased handling stress were also observed in fish fed the unsupplemented diet. The present study suggests that 50 mg ascorbic acid/kg dry ration is sufficient to improve development of pacu fingerlings but the optimum level under aquarium conditions...

Flow injection amperometric detection of ascorbic acid using a Prussian Blue film-modified electrode

Castro, SSL; Balbo, V. R.; Barbeira, PJS; Stradiotto, N. R.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 249-254
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
The PB film-modified electrode was used as an amperometric detector for flow injection analysis of ascorbic acid. The modified electrode detector showed good sensitivity, stability and reproducibility. The calibration curve for ascorbic acid was linear over the concentration range from 5.0 x 10(-6) to 1.0 x 10(-3) mol l(-1) with a slope of 19.9 mA mol(-1) per litre and a correlation coefficient of 0.999. The detection limit of this method was 2.49 x 10(-6) mol l(-1). The relative standard deviation of six replicate injections of 2.5 x 10(-4) mol l(-1) ascorbic acid was 2.5%. The results obtained for ascorbic acid determination in pharmaceutical products are in good agreement with those obtained by using the procedure involving the reaction between triiodide and ascorbic acid. (C) 2001 Elsevier B.V. B.V. All rights reserved.

Effect of fortification of drinking water with iron plus ascorbic acid or with ascorbic acid alone on hemoglobin values and anthropometric indicators in preschool children in day-care centers in Southeast Brazil

Almeida, Carlos Alberto Nogueira de; Dutra-de-Oliveira, Jóse Eduardo; Crott, Gerson Claudio; Cantolini, Alessandro; Garcia Ricco, Rubens; Del Ciampo, Luiz Antonio; Costa Baptista, Marina Elisa
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 259-265
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%
Background. Iron-deficiency anemia currently is the most frequently occurring nutritional disorder worldwide. Previous Brazilian studies have demonstrated that drinking water fortified with iron and ascorbic acid is an adequate vehicle for improving the iron supply for children frequenting day-care centers. Objective. The objective of this study was to clarify the role of ascorbic acid as a vehicle for improving iron intake in children in day-care centers in Brazil. Methods. A six-month study was conducted on 150 children frequenting six day-care centers divided into two groups of three day-care centers by drawing lots: the iron-C group (3 day-care centers, n = 74), which used water fortified with 10 mg elemental iron and 100 mg ascorbic acid per liter, and the comparison group (3 day-care centers, n = 76), which used water containing only 100 mg ascorbic acid per liter. Anthropometric measurements and determinations of capillary hemoglobin were performed at the beginning of the study and after six months of intervention. The food offered at the day-care centers was also analyzed. Results. The fo od offered at the day-care center was found to be deficient in ascorbic acid, poor in heme iron, and adequate in non-heme iron. Supplementation with fortified drinking water resulted in a decrease in the prevalence of anemia and an increase in mean hemoglobin levels associated with height gain in both groups. Conclusions. Fortification of drinking water with iron has previously demonstrated effectiveness in increasing iron supplies. This simple strategy was confirmed in the present study. The present study also demonstrated that for populations receiving an abundant supply of non-heme iron...

Effects of ascorbic acid on in vitro culture of bovine preantral follicles

Andrade, Evelyn R.; Van Den Hurk, Robert; Lisboa, Lívia A.; Hertel, Mariana F.; Melo-Sterza, Fabiana A.; Moreno, Kleber; Bracarense, Ana Paula F.R.L.; Landim-Alvarenga, Fernanda C.; Seneda, Marcelo M.; Alfieri, Amauri A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 379-388
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding ascorbic acid to the media for in vitro culture of cattle ovarian fragments and to determine their effects on growth activation and viability of early-stage follicles. The ovarian cortex was divided into small fragments; one fragment was immediately fixed (control) and the other fragments were cultured in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented or not with various doses of ascorbic acid. Ovarian tissue was processed for histology, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunohistochemical demonstration of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Compared with control fragments, the percentage of primordial follicles was reduced (p < 0.05) and the percentage of growing follicles had increased (p < 0.05) in cultured cortical fragments, independent of the tested medium or incubation time. Furthermore, compared with control tissue, culture of ovarian cortex for 8 days reduced the percentages of healthy, viable follicles (p < 0.05), but not when cultures were supplemented with 25, 50 or 100 μg/ml of ascorbic acid. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical analysis of 8 day cultured ovarian cortical fragments, however, showed the integrity and viability of follicles only when fragments were cultured in presence of 50 μg/ml of ascorbic acid. In conclusion...

Blood parameters of chicks from eggs injected with ascorbic acid and subjected to thermal stress

Sgavioli, Sarah; Júnior, João B. M.; Borges, Liliana L.; Praes, Maria F. F. M.; Malheiros, Euclides B.; Boleli, Isabel C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 701-707
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
This study was aimed to verify if chicks from eggs injected with ascorbic acid and subjected to thermal stress would have higher immunity than chicks from incubation at thermoneutrality without injection of ascorbic acid. The parameters evaluated were temperature on oxygen saturation in hemoglobin, glucose, number of erythrocytes, hematocrit rate and number of hemoglobins of newly hatched male chicks, hatched from eggs injected with ascorbic acid (AA) and subjected to thermal stress during incubation. The experimental design was completely randomized in factorial scheme 5 (application levels of ascorbic acid) x 2 (incubation temperatures). The data were subjected to analysis of variance using the General Linear Model procedure (GLM) of SAS ®. For the parameters (number of erythrocytes, rate of hematrocit and values of hemoglobin), there was significant interaction (p <0.05) between treatments in egg and incubation temperatures. Analyzing the interactions for these parameters, it was observed that the application of 0% ascorbic acid in egg minimized the effect of heat stress when compared with treatment without injection. The application of ascorbic acid levels in eggs incubated under heat stress failed to maximize the immunity of newly hatched chicks. It is assumed that the increased liquid in the amniotic fluid...

Balance of pH of chicks from eggs injected with ascorbic acid and subjected to thermal stress

Sgavioli, Sarah; De Almeida, Vitor R.; De Morita, Viviane S.; Zaniratu, Gisele L.; De Oliveira, João A.; Boleli, Isabel C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 708-713
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
This study aimed to verify that chicks from eggs injected with ascorbic acid and subjected to heat stress would have changes in acid-base balance, compared to chicks incubated at thermoneutral without injection of ascorbic acid. The parameters evaluated were blood pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygen, base excess, total carbon dioxide, concentration of sodium, potassium, ionized calcium, bicarbonate and pH of newly hatched male chicks, hatched from eggs injected with acid ascorbic acid (AA) and subjected to heat stress during incubation. The experimental design was completely randomized in factorial scheme 5 (application levels of ascorbic acid) x 2 (incubation temperatures). The data were subjected to analysis of variance using the General Linear Model procedure (GLM) of SAS ®. For the blood pH was observed significant interaction (p <0.05) between treatments with application in eggs and incubation temperatures. For the other parameters were not significant effects (p< 0.05) of AA level and neither temperature of incubation. Analyzing the unfolding of the interaction to pH was observed that chicks from eggs injected with 6% ascorbic acid and subjected to heat stress during incubation had a higher pH value compared with the thermoneutral temperature incubated (p <0.05). Therefore...

Estudo da estabilizaçãp da polpa de camu-camu (Myrciaria Dubia (H.B.K.) Mc Vaugh) congelada visando a manutenção de acido ascorbico e de antocianinas; Study of the stabilization of frozen camu-camu pulp (Myrciaria Dubia (H.B.K.) Mc Vaugh) in relation the maintance of ascorbic acid and anthocyanins

Rosalinda Arevalo Pinedo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
O camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia H.B.K.) é uma fruta nativa da região Amazônica que apresenta um elevado teor de ácido ascórbico e de antocianinas. O presente estudo investigou o processo de conservação por congelamento da polpa de camu-camu cultivada no Estado de São Paulo visando a manutenção de fatores de qualidade. Frutos do camu-camu foram submetidos a uma inativação enzimática por imersão em água em ebulição por 60, 90, 120 e 180 segundos seguida de esfriamento em água gelada. O tempo limite para manter a integridade do pericarpo foi 120 segundos e nestas condições houve um enriquecimento da polpa com ácido ascórbico extraído da casca, no despolpamento. Polpas tratadas por 30, 60 e 120 segundos e polpa não-inativada foram armazenadas por 180 dias a temperaturas de 5oC, -10oC e ?20oC. O tratamento por 120 segundos manteve os mais altos níveis de ácido ascórbico em todas as situações. O armazenamento a ?20oC manteve por pelo menos 135 dias o conteúdo inicial de ácido ascórbico, independentemente da intensidade da inativação térmica. Polpas inativadas por 120 segundos receberam crio-protetores (15% de goma arábica, 20% de maltodextrina DE 10 e 25% de sacarose) e juntamente com polpa sem aditivos foram submetidas às mesmas condições de armazenamento descritas anteriormente. O comportamento da conservação de ácido ascórbico foi semelhante as das polpas não-aditivadas. A degradação de antocianinas é alta e ocorre nos primeiros 50 dias de armazenamento. Na estocagem a ?20oC a retenção foi em torno de 40% de sua concentração inicial...

Effects of ascorbic acid on the vasoactive intestinal peptide synthesis in the ileum submucous plexus of normal rats

Zanoni,Jacqueline Nelisis; Freitas,Priscila de
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 EN
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66.53%
BACKGROUND: The aging process is a deteriorating process that attacks the gastrointestinal tract, causing changes in the number and size of neurons from the enteric nervous system. The activity of free radicals on enteric neurons is helped by the significant reduction of antioxidants. AIM: Evaluate the effect of the ascorbic acid supplementation on the neurons that produce the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the submucous plexus of the ileum of normal rats for a period of 120 days. METHODS: Fifteen rats were divided in three groups: untreated control with 90 days, untreated control with 210 days and ascorbic acid-treated rats with 210 days. Ascorbic acid was given for 16 weeks from the 90th day of age by adding it to drinking water (1 g/L prepared fresh each day). The ileums were processed according to the immunohistochemistry technique for whole-mount preparation in order to detect the presence of VIP immunoreactive in the cellular bodies and nervous fibers in the neurons of the submucous plexus. We have verified their immunoreactivity and measured the cellular profile of 80 cellular bodies of VIP-ergic neurons from each studied group. RESULTS: The ascorbic acid supplementation did not alter physiological parameters such as water intake and food consumption of the three studied groups. We observed a significant increase of the cellular profile of VIP-ergic neurons in untreated control with 210 days when compared to untreated control with 90 days. The cellular profile of VIP-ergic neurons in ascorbic acid-treated rats with 210 days was bigger than those observed in others groups. CONCLUSION: The ascorbic acid had a neurotrophic effect on VIP-ergic neurons on the ileum after period 120 days of supplementation.

Inhibitory action of antioxidants (ascorbic acid or α-tocopherol) on seizures and brain damage induced by pilocarpine in rats

Tomé,Adriana da Rocha; Ferreira,Paulo Michel Pinheiro; Freitas,Rivelilson Mendes de
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form of epilepsy in humans. Oxidative stress is a mechanism of cell death induced by seizures. Antioxidant compounds have neuroprotective effects due to their ability to inhibit free radical production. The objectives of this work were to comparatively study the inhibitory action of antioxidants (ascorbic acid or α-tocopherol) on behavioral changes and brain damage induced by high doses of pilocarpine, aiming to further clarify the mechanism of action of these antioxidant compounds. In order to determinate neuroprotective effects, we studied the effects of ascorbic acid (250 or 500 mg/kg, i.p.) and α-tocopherol (200 or 400 mg/kg, i.p.) on the behavior and brain lesions observed after seizures induced by pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., P400 model) in rats. Ascorbic acid or α-tocopherol injections prior to pilocarpine suppressed behavioral seizure episodes. These findings suggested that free radicals can be produced during brain damage induced by seizures. In the P400 model, ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol significantly decreased cerebral damage percentage. Antioxidant compounds can exert neuroprotective effects associated with inhibition of free radical production. These results highlighted the promising therapeutic potential of ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol in treatments for neurodegenerative diseases.

L-ascorbic acid determination in pharmaceutical formulations using a biosensor based on carbon paste modified with crude extract of zucchini (Cucurbita pepo)

Fatibello-Filho,Orlando; Vieira,Iolanda da C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2000 EN
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A biosensor based on carbon paste modified with crude extract of zucchini (Cucurbita pepo) as a source of peroxidase is proposed for determining L-ascorbic acid in pharmaceutical formulations. This enzyme in the presence of hydrogen peroxide catalyses the oxidation of hydroquinone to p-quinone whose electrochemical reduction back to hydroquinone was obtained at peak potential of -0.14V. Thus, when L-ascorbic acid is added to the solution, this acid can reduce chemically p-quinone to hydroquinone and/or reduce hydrogen peroxide, decreasing the peak current obtained proportionally to the increase of its concentration. The recovery of L-ascorbic acid from five samples ranged from 98.1 to 102.1% and a rectilinear calibration curve for L-ascorbic acid concentration from 2.0x10-4 to 5.5x10-3 mol L-1 (r=0.9992) was obtained. The detection limit was 2.2x10-5 mol L-1 and relative standard deviation was < 1.3% for a solution containing 4.0x10-3 mol L-1 L-ascorbic acid, 7.0x10-3 mol L-1 hydroquinone and 2.0x10-4 mol L-1 hydrogen peroxide. The results obtained for L-ascorbic acid in pharmaceutical formulations using the proposed biosensor and those obtained using the Pharmacopeia method are in agreement at the 95 % confidence level.

Ascorbic acid protects against restraint stress-induced memory deficits in wistar rats

Kumar,Raju Suresh; Narayanan,Sareesh Naduvil; Nayak,Satheesha
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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OBJECTIVE: Chronic stress has been shown to cause oxidative damage in the central nervous system. Although stress-induced impairments in learning and memory have been studied extensively, very few studies have investigated possible ways to prevent their ill effects. The present work was designed to study the protective effects of ascorbic acid in memory loss induced by chronic restraint stress. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were designated into the following groups: (i) Normal control, (ii) Ascorbic acid treatment, (iii) Vehicle control, (iv) Restraint stress, (v) Restraint stress + vehicle, and (vi) Restraint stress + ascorbic acid treatment. At the end of 21 days, animals of all groups were subjected to memory tests using Morris water maze and passive avoidance apparatus. Then, the results obtained were compared between the experimental groups. RESULTS: Rats exposed to restraint stress alone and those pretreated with vehicle solution before restrained stress showed deficits in learning and impaired memory retention in the memory tests when compared to animals in other experimental groups. Animals pretreated with ascorbic acid before restraining showed significant improvement in memory retention in the same memory tests. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study suggest the possibility of using ascorbic acid as a dietary supplement to prevent stress-induced memory impairments.

Influencia do acido ascorbico no processo de degeneração muscular em camundongos distroficos; Influence of the ascorbic acid in the muscular degeneration process in dystrophic mice

Erika Tonon
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2009 PT
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A peroxidação lípidica causada pelo aumento de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs) no período que antecede o início da degeneração muscular no camundongo mdx, sugere que o estresse oxidativo pode ser um dos mecanismos primários da degeneração muscular distrófica, ao invés de ser um efeito secundário deste processo. No presente trabalho verificamos se o tratamento com ácido ascórbico antes que se iniciem os ciclos de degeneração/regeneração diminui a degeneração muscular em camundongos mdx. Camundongos mdx com 14 dias de vida pós-natal receberam por gavagem doses diárias de 0,1mg/kg de Ácido Ascórbico diluído em água por 7 (grupo mdx T7) e 14 dias (grupo mdx T14) e/ou dose de 200mg/kg por 14 dias (grupo mdx T14AA). Animais mdx controle receberam solução salina. Após este período, os músculos tibial anterior (TA), esternomastóide (STN) e diafragma (DIA) foram retirados. Na análise histológica, o ácido ascórbico diminuiu a degeneração muscular nos músculos TA do grupo mdx T7 e no DIA do grupo mdx T14AA (P<0,05, Student's t Test) quando comparados ao controle. Não houve diferença significativa nos níveis séricos de creatina quinase entre os grupos analisados (P>0,05, Student's t Test). Aumento significativo no conteúdo de TNF-"...

Protective effects of ascorbic acid pretreatment in a rat model of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury: a histomorphometric study

Higa,Oscar Haruo; Parra,Edwin Roger; Ab'Saber,Alexandre Muxfeldt; Farhat,Cecilia; Higa,Rita; Capelozzi,Vera Luiza
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
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BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid has shown promise in attenuation of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The aim of this study was to determine the protective effects of ascorbic acid on intestinal morphology during IR injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined morphological changes in the small intestine of Wistar rats after (i) 40 minutes of ischemia (I), (ii) ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion (IR), (iii) ischemia with ascorbic acid (IA), (iv) ischemia followed by reperfusion and ascorbic acid (IRA) and (v) in a sham group (S). We used morphometry to evaluate the amount of villous architecture, crypts, necrosis, hemorrhagic infarcts and inflammatory cells at the mesenteric and antimesenteric borders of the small intestine. RESULTS: Ascorbic acid caused a significant reduction of antimesenteric villous hemorrhagic infarction (p<0.05) of the small intestine after ischemia followed by reperfusion as well as villous necrosis reduction at both borders after ischemia (p<0.05). The lesions found in the small intestine were more prominent along the antimesenteric margin. CONCLUSIONS: Ascorbic acid pretreatment has a protective effect against the intestinal morphological lesions induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.