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Revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio com utilização de enxerto de artéria radial esqueletizada ou com tecidos adjacentes: análise comparativa randomizada; Surgical revascularization of the myocardium with the use of grafts of the skeletonized radial artery or with surrounding tissues: random comparative analysis

Bonini, Rômulo César Arnal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2007 PT
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36.56%
INTRODUÇÃO: A utilização de enxertos arteriais na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio já está bem estabelecida atualmente pelos cirurgiões cardiovasculares, e sua esqueletização tem apresentado algumas vantagens, a princípio com a artéria torácica interna esquerda. OBJETIVO: Com o objetivo de analisar esse método de dissecção na artéria radial, foram avaliados os desempenhos funcional e hemodinâmico bem como as características morfoanatômicas e histológicas dos enxertos aortocoronários de artéria radial, esqueletizados ou com tecidos adjacentes, na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio. MÉTODOS: Foram comparados 40 pacientes, distribuídos randomicamente em dois grupos. No grupo I foi utilizada artéria radial esqueletizada (20 pacientes) e no grupo II, artéria radial com tecidos adjacentes (20 pacientes), para os ramos marginais da artéria coronária esquerda. No total, 39 pacientes foram submetidos a cinecoronariografia e fluxometria com cateter-guia Doppler de 12 MHz (0,014 polegada, Flowire, Jometrics Inc.), no pós-operatório imediato. RESULTADOS: Os dois grupos apresentaram características demográficas semelhantes. As variáveis intra-operatórias principais da artéria radial também foram semelhantes...

Influência da doença aterosclerótica arterial coronária crítica na mortalidade hospitalar de pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica submetidos à substituição valvar; Influence of critical atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in hospital mortality of patients with aortic stenosis submitted to aortic valve replacement

Oliveira Junior, José de Lima
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/09/2008 PT
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36.57%
Com o aumento da expectativa de vida nas últimas décadas, tem ocorrido aumento concomitante da prevalência da estenose aórtica degenerativa e da doença aterosclerótica arterial coronária. O presente estudo visa avaliar a influência da doença ateroslerótica arterial coronária crítica na mortalidade hospitalar de pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica submetidos à substituição valvar isolada ou combinada à revascularização do miocárdio. No período de janeiro de 2001 a março de 2006, no Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, foram analisados 448 pacientes submetidos à substituição valvar aórtica isolada (grupo GI) e 167 pacientes submetidos à substituição valvar aórtica combinada à revascularização do miocárdio (grupo GII). Os dados pré-operatórios eleitos para análise foram: sexo, idade, índice de massa corpórea, antecedentes de: acidente vascular cerebral, diabete melito, doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica, febre reumática, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, endocardite, infarto agudo do miocárdio, tabagismo, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, doença aterosclerótica arterial coronária crítica, fibrilação atrial crônica; operação valvar aórtica prévia (conservadora)...

Análise do processo de adaptação ventricular após bandagem do tronco pulmonar em animais adultos; Study of right ventricles adaptation process following pulmonary artery banding in adult animals

Miana, Leonardo Augusto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/11/2009 PT
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36.53%
Pacientes portadores de transposição das grandes artérias submetidos previamente. Correção cirúrgica no plano atrial ou transposição corrigida das grandes artérias freqüentemente evoluem com disfunção do ventrículo direito morfológico. Para estes casos, tem sido proposta a correção anatômica, chamada cirurgia de Double Switch ou dupla inversão, invariavelmente realizada na adolescência ou na idade adulta. Com isso, grande parte destes pacientes necessita preparar o ventrículo esquerdo, através da bandagem do tronco pulmonar. Várias são as dificuldades no preparo do miocárdio adulto e resultados desapontadores são relatados nestes indivíduos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi promover e analisar o processo de adaptação do ventrículo direito em modelo animal adulto, comparando o método de bandagem fixa, utilizado tradicionalmente na prática clínica, com um novo método de bandagem intermitente, por um período de quatro semanas. Foram utilizadas 18 cabras adultas, divididas Em três grupos: Chama (n = 6, peso = 26,42. 2,63 Kg, bandagem frouxa, sem sobrecarga sistólica), Fixo (n = 6, peso = 26,33 . 2,32 kg, bandagem convencional com sobrecarga sistólica contínua do ventrículo direito)...

Echocardiographic Doppler estimation of pulmonary artery pressure in critically ill patients with severe hypoxemia

Bouhemad, Bélaïd; Ferrari, Fabio; Leleu, Kris; Arbelot, Charlotte; Lu, Qin; Rouby, Jean-Jacques
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 55-62
ENG
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BACKGROUND: In spontaneously breathing cardiac patients, pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) can be accurately estimated from the transthoracic Doppler study of pulmonary artery and tricuspid regurgitation blood flows. In critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation for acute lung injury, the interposition of gas between the probe and the heart renders the transthoracic approach problematic. This study was aimed at determining whether the transesophageal approach could offer an alternative. METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive sedated and ventilated patients with severe hypoxemia (arterial oxygen tension/fraction of inspired oxygen < 300) were prospectively studied. Mean PAP measured from the pulmonary artery catheter was compared with several indices characterizing pulmonary artery blood flow assessed using transesophageal echocardiography: preejection time, acceleration time, ejection duration, preejection time on ejection duration ratio, and acceleration time on ejection duration ratio. In a subgroup of 20 patients, systolic PAP measured from the pulmonary artery catheter immediately before withdrawal was compared with Doppler study of regurgitation tricuspid flow performed immediately after pulmonary artery catheter withdrawal using either the transthoracic or the transesophageal approach. RESULTS: Weak and clinically irrelevant correlations were found between mean PAP and indices of pulmonary artery flow. A statistically significant and clinically relevant correlation was found between systolic PAP and regurgitation tricuspid flow. In 3 patients (14%)...

Interaction between serotoninergic-and β-adrenergic receptors signaling pathways in rat femoral artery

Delbin, Maria Andréia; Silva, Alexandre Sérgio; Antunes, Edson; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 29-34
ENG
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Background: Coronary heart disease has been widely studied in cardiovascular research. However, patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) have worst outcomes compared to those with coronary artery disease. Therefore, pharmacological studies using femoral artery are highly relevant for a better understanding of the pathophysiologic responses of the PAD. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacologic properties of the contractile and relaxing agents in rat femoral artery. Methods: Concentration response curves to the contractile phenylephrine (PE) and serotonin (5-HT) and the relaxing agents isoproterenol (ISO) and forskolin were obtained in isolated rat femoral artery. For relaxing responses, tissues were precontracted with PE or 5-HT. Results: The order rank potency in femoral artery was 5-HT > PE for contractile responses. In tissues precontracted with 5-HT, relaxing responses to isoproterenol was virtually abolished as compared to PE-contracted tissues. Forskolin, a stimulant of adenylyl cyclase, partially restored the relaxing response to ISO in 5-HT-precontracted tissues. Conclusion: An interaction between β-adrenergic- and serotoninergic- receptors signaling pathway occurs in femoral artery. Moreover, this study provides a new model to study serotoninergic signaling pathway under normal and pathological conditions which can help understanding clinical outcomes in the PAD.

Celiac artery in New Zealand rabbit: anatomical study of its origin and arrangement for experimental research and surgical practice

Abidu-Figueiredo,Marcelo; Xavier-Silva,Bárbara; Cardinot,Themis M.; Babinski,Márcio A.; Chagas,Maurício A.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2008 EN
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Rabbits have been used as an experimental model in many diseases and for the study of toxicology, pharmacology and surgery in many universities. However, some aspects of their macro anatomy need a more detailed description, especially the abdominal and pelvic arterial vascular system, which has a huge variability in distribution and trajectory. Thirty cadaveric adult New Zealand rabbits, 13 male and 17 female, with an average weight and rostrum-sacral length of 2.5 kg and 40cm, respectively, were used. The thoracic aorta was cannulated and the vascular system was filled with stained latex S-65. The celiac artery and its proximal branches were dissected and lengthened in order to evidence origin and proximal ramifications. The celiac artery emerged between the 12th and 13th thoracic vertebra in 11 (36.7%) rabbits; at the level of the 13th thoracic vertebra in 6 (20%) rabbits; between the 13th thoracic vertebra and the 1st lumbar vertebra in 12 (40%) rabbits; and at the level of the 1st lumbar vertebra in only one (3.3%) rabbit. The mean length of the celiac artery was 0.5cm. The celiac artery first branch was the lienal artery, the second branch was the left gastric artery and the hepatic artery arose from the left gastric artery in all the dissected rabbits. No relation was observed between the celiac artery length and the rostrum-sacral length in rabbits. The number of left gastric and lienal artery branches and the distribution of celiac artery origin are not gender dependent.

Late angiographic evaluation of radial artery grafts used in surgical myocardial revascularization

Alves,Siderval Ferreira; Albuquerque,Dolores Cristina M.; Pelloso,Eraldo Antonio; Silveira,Wesley Ferraz; Labrunie,Andre; Barros,Christiano Roberto; Barros,Rubens T.; Penna,Antonio C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2003 EN
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the late patency of the radial artery used as a conduit in coronary artery bypass grafting through a selective catheterization. METHOD:A group of 109 patients operated on for coronary artery bypass grafting used radial artery as grafts, from September 1995 to October 1996, were re-studied in the immediate post-operative period. Among these patients, 91 (83.5%) were contacted either by phone or through outpatient follow-ups, and 34 underwent a late angiographic study. Twenty-two patients were male (65%). The average age of the patients was 57.4 years old (37-70). The average time of the restudy was of 51.2 months (41-63). Thirty-eight distal anastomoses were performed using the radial artery, with an average of 1.12 distal anastomoses per patient. The analysis of these data is the basis for the present study. RESULTS: The radial artery was patent in 30 patients (34 distal anastomoses - 89.5%), and had a lesion in only one patient along with the proximal anastomosis in the aorta. Out of the four patients who presented total graft obstruction, two were male. We observed inadequate indications in two patients, and no justifiable occlusions in the others. From the 91 re-studied patients in the immediate post-operative period...

Anomalous origin of coronary artery: taxonomy and clinical implication

Yuan,Shi-Min
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
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Objective: Anomalous origin of coronary artery is uncommon. The taxonomies of anomalous origin of coronary artery are inconsistent and complex. Conceptual and therapeutic debates remain. The aim of the present study is to reappraise the concept of anomalous origin of coronary artery and to discuss the potential hazards and treatment rationale of this anomaly on basis of literature review. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was made in terms of the taxonomies including “simple”, “multiple” and “complex” types of anomalous origin of coronary artery. Results: Anomalous origin of coronary artery can be simply categorized according to the ectopically originated coronary artery. There are a couple of complex anatomical variants: “multiple” type, involving more than one coronary artery or branch, which can be subdivided into 2 subtypes, A) more than one coronary arteries or branches arising from one place; and B) two coronary arteries/branches arising from separate ectopic sites; and “complex” type, associated with acquired heart disease, or congenital heart defects. Conclusion: Sudden cardiac death in anomalous origin of coronary artery is associated with the anatomical features including abnormal coursing...

Variations in branching pattern of the axillary artery: a study in 40 human cadavers

Astik,Rajesh; Dave,Urvi
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV) Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
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BACKGROUND: Variations in the branching pattern of the axillary artery are a rule rather than an exception. The knowledge of these variations is of anatomical, radiological, and surgical interest to explain unexpected clinical signs and symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The large percentage of variations in branching pattern of axillary artery is making it worthwhile to take any anomaly into consideration. The type and frequency of these vascular variations should be well understood and documented, as increasing performance of coronary artery bypass surgery and other cardiovascular surgical procedures. The objective of this study is to observe variations in axillary artery branches in human cadavers. METHODS: We dissected 80 limbs of 40 human adult embalmed cadavers of Asian origin and we have studied the branching patterns of the axillary artery. RESULTS: We found variations in branching pattern of axillary artery in 62.5% of the limbs. Anatomical variations included: origin of lateral thoracic artery from the subscapular artery; absent thoracoacromial trunk and all its branches arose directly from the second part of the axillary artery; division of thoracoacromial trunk into deltoacromial and clavipectoral trunks, which were divided into all branches of thoracoacromial trunk; origin of subscapular...

Coronary revascularization with the left internal thoracic artery and radial artery: comparison of short-term clinical evolution between elective and emergency surgery

Rocha-e-Silva,Roberto; Mansur,Antônio de Pádua; Fabri Junior,José; Ramos,Rogério Bicudo; Cunha Filho,Carlos Edson Campos; Dallan,Luis Alberto Oliveira; Oliveira,Sérgio Almeida de
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
BACKGROUND: Left internal thoracic artery-to left anterior descending artery grafting has become a fundamental part of coronary artery bypass grafting. This grafting has led to increased use of other arterial conduits, of which the radial artery is most popular. Whether radial grafting can be used in the emergency patient is not known. This study compares the short-term clinical evolution between elective vs emergency coronary artery bypass grafting surgery with left internal thoracic artery and radial artery. METHODS: A retrospective study of 47 patients who underwent elective or emergency coronary artery bypass grafting from 1996 to 2003. All patients had coronary stenosis >70% in all target vessels. Only the left internal thoracic artery and radial artery were used as grafts. Patients were divided into elective group (23 patients) and emergency group (24 patients). Emergency criteria were unstable angina and/or critical coronary stenosis with high risk for acute myocardial infarction. Groups were similar for age and number of diseased vessels. RESULTS: The mean number of left internal thoracic artery grafts per patient in the elective and emergency groups were respectively 1.17 and 1.38 (P = .17). The mean number of radial artery grafts per patient in the elective and emergency groups was respectively 2.26 and 2.08 (P = .48). The 30-day mortality was 0. There was no postoperative cardiogenic shock. The elective group had 1 acute myocardial infarction (4.4%) postoperatively...

The anatomy of the superficial external pudendal artery: a quantitative study

La Falce,Osvaldir Lanzoni; Ambrosio,João Dias; Souza,Romeu Rodrigues de
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 EN
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The importance of the superficial external pudendal artery in cases of lower limb obstructive arteriopathies has been established, and a perfect knowledge of its anatomy is desirable for the creation of successful flaps involving it. However, little information is available on the morphometry of this artery. PURPOSE: In this study, we conducted a quantitative investigation of the superficial external pudendal artery as the basis for skin grafts. METHOD: Twenty-five right and left sides of the inguinal region of male cadavers were dissected. After retracting the skin at the inguinal region, the femoral vessels and the sapheno-femoral junction were exposed. The following aspects were then analyzed: 1) the presence of the superficial external pudendal artery, 2) the place of origin of the superficial external pudendal artery and the common trunk, 3) the duplication of the superficial external pudendal artery, 4) the distance from the superficial external pudendal artery or the common trunk to the inguinal ligament, and 5) the diameter of the superficial external pudendal artery. RESULTS: The results were the following: 1) superficial external pudendal arteries were found in 46 of 50 sides (92%); 2) they originated from the femoral artery in 45 cases and from the deep femoral artery in only 1 case; 3) the arteries were found duplicated in 21 cases (46%)...

The diagnostic value of circulating microRNAs for middle-aged (40–60-year-old) coronary artery disease patients

Sayed,Ali Sheikh Md; Xia,Ke; Li,Fei; Deng,Xu; Salma,Umme; Li,Tingbo; Deng,Hai; Yang,Dafeng; Haoyang,Zhou; Yang,TianLun; Peng,Jun
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
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OBJECTIVE: Circulating microRNAs have been recognized as promising biomarkers for various diseases. The present study aimed to explore the potential roles of circulating miR-149, miR-424 and miR-765 as non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in middle-aged (40–60-year-old) patients. METHODS: Sixty-five stable coronary artery disease patients (49–57 years old), 30 unstable coronary artery disease patients (49–58 years old), and 32 non-coronary artery disease patients (49–-57 years old) who were matched for age, sex, smoking habits, hypertension and diabetes were enrolled in this study. Total RNA was isolated from plasma with TRIzol reagent. Circulating miRNA levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Circulating miR-149 levels were decreased 4.49-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.84) and 5.09-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (1.04 ± 0.65) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (5.30 ± 2.57) (p<0.001). Circulating miR-424 levels were reduced 3.6-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.60) and 5-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (0.86 ± 0.54) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (4.35 ± 2.20) (p<0.001). In contrast...

The diagnostic value of circulating microRNAs for middle-aged (40–60-year-old) coronary artery disease patients

Md Sayed, Ali Sheikh; Xia, Ke; Li, Fei; Deng, Xu; Salma, Umme; Li, Tingbo; Deng, Hai; Yang, Dafeng; Haoyang, Zhou; Yang, TianLun; Peng, Jun
Fonte: Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
OBJECTIVE: Circulating microRNAs have been recognized as promising biomarkers for various diseases. The present study aimed to explore the potential roles of circulating miR-149, miR-424 and miR-765 as non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in middle-aged (40–60-year-old) patients. METHODS: Sixty-five stable coronary artery disease patients (49–57 years old), 30 unstable coronary artery disease patients (49–58 years old), and 32 non-coronary artery disease patients (49–-57 years old) who were matched for age, sex, smoking habits, hypertension and diabetes were enrolled in this study. Total RNA was isolated from plasma with TRIzol reagent. Circulating miRNA levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Circulating miR-149 levels were decreased 4.49-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.84) and 5.09-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (1.04 ± 0.65) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (5.30 ± 2.57) (p<0.001). Circulating miR-424 levels were reduced 3.6-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.60) and 5-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (0.86 ± 0.54) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (4.35 ± 2.20) (p<0.001). In contrast...

Anatomic study of the middle genicular artery

Salaria, H.; Atkinson, R.
Fonte: Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press Publicador: Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
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PURPOSE: To study the anatomy of the middle genicular artery and thus mitigate the risk of vascular injury in knee surgery. METHODS: The course, anatomic relations, and variations of the middle genicular artery in 8 cadavers (4 men and 4 women) were studied. RESULTS: The middle genicular artery originated from the anterolateral surface of the popliteal artery in the popliteal fossa, 3 to 5 cm proximal to the joint line either alone or having a common origin with the lateral genicular artery. Its diameter varied from 2 to 4 mm and it was 3 to 5 cm long. It was accompanied by 2 venae comitantes. This vascular bundle, including the middle genicular artery, ran distally, anterior to the popliteal artery, and posterior to the joint capsule, sandwiched between them. Distally it pierced the posterior joint capsule and became intra-articular. The relation of the middle genicular artery to the popliteal artery altered with the position of the knee joint. This alteration was secondary to the distal gliding of the popliteal artery with knee flexion. The middle geniculate artery formed an angle of 15 to 30 degrees to the popliteal artery when the knee was extended, which became almost a right angle when the knee was flexed past 90 degrees. CONCLUSION: Care must be taken when arthroscopic or open intra-articular surgery is performed in the posterior part of the knee joint using chondrotomes and saws...

Variability in the origin of the obturator artery

Pai,Mangala M.; Krishnamurthy,Ashwin; Prabhu,Latha V; Pai,Manohar V.; Kumar,Senthil A.; Hadimani,Gavishiddappa A.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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INTRODUCTION: General surgeons dealing with laparoscopic herniorrhaphy should be aware of the aberrant obturator artery that crosses the superior pubic ramus and is susceptible to injuries during dissection of the Bogros space and mesh stapling onto Cooper's ligament. The obturator artery is usually described as a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery, although variations have been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 98 pelvic halves of embalmed cadavers, and the origin and course of the obturator artery were traced and noted. RESULTS: In 79% of the specimens, the obturator artery was a branch of the internal iliac artery. It branched off at different levels either from the anterior division or posterior division, individually or with other named branches. In 19% of the cases, the obturator artery branched off from the external iliac artery as a separate branch or with the inferior epigastric artery. However, in the remaining 2% of the specimens, both the internal and the external iliac arteries branched to form an anastomotic structure within the pelvic cavity. CONCLUSION: The data obtained in this study show that it is more common to find an abnormal obturator artery than was reported previously...

Coronary revascularization with the left internal thoracic artery and radial artery: comparison of short-term clinical evolution between elective and emergency surgery; Revascularização coronariana com uso de artéria torácica interna esquerda e artéria radial esquerda: estudo comparativo da evolução clínica imediata entre cirurgias eletivas e emergências

Rocha-e-Silva, Roberto; Mansur, Antônio de Pádua; Fabri Junior, José; Ramos, Rogério Bicudo; Cunha Filho, Carlos Edson Campos; Dallan, Luis Alberto Oliveira; Oliveira, Sérgio Almeida de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2005 ENG
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O uso de artéria torácica interna esquerda para descendente anterior se tornou fundamental na revascularização do miocárdio. Este enxerto levou ao aumento da utilização de enxertos arteriais, dos quais a artéria radial é muito popular. O uso de artéria radial em pacientes de emergência foi pouco estudado. Este estudo compara a evolução clínica imediata entre revascularização do miocárdio eletiva vs. emergência com artéria torácica interna esquerda e artéria radial. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 47 pacientes que se submeteram a revascularização do miocárdio eletiva ou de emergência entre 1996 e 2003. Apresentavam estenose crítica (>;70%) em todas as artérias alvo. Apenas a artéria torácica interna esquerda e a artéria radial foram utilizadas. Os pacientes constituíram dois grupos: eletivo (23 casos) e emergência (24 casos). Critérios de emergência foram angina instável e/ou estenose coronariana crítica com alto risco de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Os grupos eram homogêneos para idade e artérias acometidas. RESULTADOS: A média de enxertos de artéria torácica interna esquerda por paciente eletivo e de emergência foi respectivamente 1,17 e 1,38 (P=.17). A média de enxertos de artéria radial por paciente eletivo e de emergência foi respectivamente 2...

Anatomia da artéria pudenda superficial externa: estudo quantitativo; The anatomy of the superficial external pudendal artery: a quantitative study

La Falce, Osvaldir Lanzoni; Ambrosio, João Dias; Souza, Romeu Rodrigues de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2006 ENG
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A importância do conhecimento da anatomia da artéria pudenda superficial externa está bem estabelecida e um conhecimento adequado de sua anatomia é desejável para a criação bem sucedida de flaps. Entretanto, são escassos os trabalhos morfométricos sobre esta artéria. OBJETIVO. No presente estudo, foi feita uma análise quantitativa da artéria pudenda superficial externa, como base para enxertos de pele. MÉTODO. Foram dissecadas 25 regiões inguinais direitas e 25 esquerdas de cadáveres do sexo masculino. Após rebater a pele da região inguinal, os vasos femorais, a junção safeno-femoral e a artéria pudenda superficial externa foram expostas. Os seguintes aspectos foram então analisados: 1. Presença da artéria pudenda superficial externa; 2. Local de origem da artéria pudenda superficial externa ou do tronco comum; 3. Duplicação da artéria pudenda superficial externa; 4. Distância da artéria pudenda superficial externa ou do tronco comum ao ligamento inguinal; 5. Diâmetro da artéria pudenda superficial externa. RESULTADOS. Os resultados mostraram que: 1. A artéria pudenda superficial externa foi encontrada em 46 dos 50 lados dissecados (92%); 2. A artéria teve origem na artéria femoral em 45 casos; em um único caso teve origem na artéria femoral profunda; 3. A artéria foi encontrada duplicada...

Variability in the origin of the obturator artery

Pai, Mangala M.; Krishnamurthy, Ashwin; Prabhu, Latha V; Pai, Manohar V.; Kumar, Senthil A.; Hadimani, Gavishiddappa A.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2009 ENG
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INTRODUCTION: General surgeons dealing with laparoscopic herniorrhaphy should be aware of the aberrant obturator artery that crosses the superior pubic ramus and is susceptible to injuries during dissection of the Bogros space and mesh stapling onto Cooper's ligament. The obturator artery is usually described as a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery, although variations have been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 98 pelvic halves of embalmed cadavers, and the origin and course of the obturator artery were traced and noted. RESULTS: In 79% of the specimens, the obturator artery was a branch of the internal iliac artery. It branched off at different levels either from the anterior division or posterior division, individually or with other named branches. In 19% of the cases, the obturator artery branched off from the external iliac artery as a separate branch or with the inferior epigastric artery. However, in the remaining 2% of the specimens, both the internal and the external iliac arteries branched to form an anastomotic structure within the pelvic cavity. CONCLUSION: The data obtained in this study show that it is more common to find an abnormal obturator artery than was reported previously...

Implication of the presence of a variant hepatic artery during the Whipple procedure

Rubio-Manzanares-Dorado,Mercedes; Marín-Gómez,Luis Miguel; Aparicio-Sánchez,Daniel; Suárez-Artacho,Gonzalo; Bellido,Carmen; Álamo,José María; Serrano-Díaz-Canedo,Juan; Padillo-Ruiz,Francisco Javier; Gómez-Bravo,Miguel Ángel
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2015 ENG
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Introduction: The anatomical variants of the hepatic artery may have important implications for pancreatic cancer surgery. The aim of our study is to compare the outcome following a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with or without a variant hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. Material and methods: We reviewed 151 patients with periampullary tumoral pathology. All patients underwent oncological PD between January 2005 and February 2012. Our series was divided into two groups: Group A: Patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery; and Group B: Patients without a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. We expressed the results as mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables and percentages for qualitative variables. Statistical tests were considered significant if p < 0.05. Results: We identified 11 patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery (7.3%). The most frequent variant was an aberrant right hepatic artery (n = 7), following by the accessory right hepatic artery (n = 2) and the common hepatic artery trunk arising from the superior mesenteric artery (n = 2). In 73% of cases the diagnosis of the variant was intraoperative. R0 resection was performed in all patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. There were no significant differences in the tumor resection margins and the incidence of postoperative complications. Conclusion: Oncological PD is feasible by the presence of a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. The complexity of having it does not seem to influence in tumor resection margins...

Anomalous origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery. Echocardiographic diagnosis

Alva,Carlos; Gómez,Felipe David; Jiménez-Arteaga,Santiago; Martínez-Sánchez,Arturo; Ortegón-Cardeña,José; Yánez,Lucelli; Riera-Kinkel,Carlos
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
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The experience with echocardiographic diagnosis of five cases of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA) is reviewed. Material and Methods. all cases with a diagnosis of ALCAPA during a 10 year period were included. Results. two age groups were clearly identified: infants and older patients. In the former, the echocardiographic findings included a dilated left ventricle with low ejection fraction (19% and 26%), mitral regurgitation, dilated right coronary artery and difficulties in identifying the origin of the left coronary artery. An 11-year-old asymptomatic boy, a 17-year-old young woman with dyspnea on effort and a 55-year-old woman with angina formed the older group. In these three cases, an abnormal upward flow was detected within the ventricular septum related to the collaterals and the inverse flow of the anterior descending artery. A reverse flow within the origin of the left coronary artery, probably related to an origin in the pulmonary artery, was observed. In all five cases the diagnosis was corroborated using selective right coronary artery angiography. Conclusions: In the infants, the dilated left ventricle with impaired systolic function, mitral regurgitation and dilated right coronary artery make it necessary to discard the ALCAPA diagnosis. In the older group...