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Prevalência e fatores de risco associados à doença arterial periférica no projeto corações do Brasil; Prevalence and risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease in the hearts of Brazil project

MAKDISSE, Marcia; PEREIRA, Alexandre da Costa; BRASIL, David de Pádua; BORGES, Jairo Lins; MACHADO-COELHO, George Luiz Lins; KRIEGER, José Eduardo; NASCIMENTO NETO, Raimundo Marques; CHAGAS, Antonio Carlos Palandri; Projeto Corações do Brasil e do Com
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
FUNDAMENTO: A doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP) está associada ao maior índice de risco cardiovascular. No Brasil, faltam dados sobre sua prevalência e fatores de risco. OBJETIVO: Avaliar prevalência e fatores de risco associados à DAOP nas cidades brasileiras com > cem mil habitantes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, multicêntrico, que avaliou 1.170 indivíduos (>18 anos), em 72 centros urbanos, participantes do Projeto Corações do Brasil. O diagnóstico de DAOP baseou-se na medida do índice tornozelo-braquial (ITB) < 0,90. A análise estatística utilizou teste Qui-quadrado (Pearson) corrigido para amostras complexas e intervalos de confiança. P < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de DAOP foi de 10,5% e apenas 9% dos portadores da doença apresentaram claudicação. A DAOP esteve associada à presença de diabetes, obesidade total e abdominal, acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) e doença isquêmica do coração (DIC). Houve tendência a maior prevalência de DAOP na presença de hipertensão, insuficiência cardíaca, insuficiência renal dialítica e tabagismo >20 anos/maço. Mulheres coronariopatas apresentaram risco 4,9 vezes maior de ter DAOP, do que aquelas sem coronariopatia e...

Terapêutica endovascular percutânea na oclusão arterial ilíaca crônica; Percutaneous endovascular therapy of chronic iliac artery occlusion

Carnevale, Francisco Cesar
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/09/1999 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
A revascularização da oclusão arterial ilíaca crônica com implante de endoprótese vascular é uma nova modalidade terapêutica para os pacientes com aterosclerose obliterante das extremidades. Os objetivos deste trabalho são verificar: os resultados clínico e radiológico do tratamento percutâneo com implante de endoprótese vascular nas oclusões arteriais crônicas do território ilíaco; a influência da aterosclerose e seus principais fatores de risco; os principais sintomas clínicos segundo os estágios de Fontaine e o comportamento das endopróteses vasculares, avaliando as permeabilidades primária e secundária. Foram estudados 67 pacientes, com 69 oclusões arteriais ilíacas crônicas, submetidos a intervenção de janeiro de 1992 a dezembro de 1998, por meio de avaliação clínica, Doppler com medida do índice tornozelo/braço e arteriografia dos membros inferiores. As revascularizações arteriais ilíacas foram realizadas sob anestesia local, utilizando-se as endopróteses tipos Wallstent® e Cragg®. O índice de sucesso técnico foi de 97,10%. A mediana do período de internação foi de dois dias e as complicações mais importantes foram tromboses arteriais (2,99%), roturas arteriais (2,99%) e embolia poplítea (1...

Avaliação da extensão da oclusão arterial na isquemia crônica de membros inferiores: estudo comparativo da ecografia com Doppler colorido e da arteriografia; Assessment of the arterial occlusion extension in the lower extremity chronic ischemia: a comparative study of the duplex ultrasound and the arteriography

Fidelis, Ronald José Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
A arteriografia é um exame radiológico invasivo que permite ver as características da luz das artérias tronculares e de pequenos ramos musculares e colaterais, tornando possível constatar alterações parietais mínimas através da injeção intravascular de meio de contraste. Apesar do grande desenvolvimento tecnológico que experimentou nas últimas décadas, tem limitações para definir a extensão da obstrução e o leito arterial pósobstrução na Doença Arterial Oclusiva de Membros Inferiores (DAO). Alguns estudos já analisaram a arteriografia quanto à visibilização do leito distal em pacientes com DAO femoropoplítea, porém nenhum estudou a extensão do segmento ocluído no território aortoilíaco utilizando a arteriografia intra-operatória com injeção distal de contraste como teste padrão. Este estudo clínico, prospectivo, conduzido no Serviço de Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, foi desenvolvido para avaliar a arteriografia pré-operatória em sua capacidade de detectar a real extensão das oclusões arteriais, e o leito arterial distal a estas. A Ecografia com Doppler colorido também foi avaliada nesses mesmos aspectos. A extensão da oclusão foi definida como sendo a distância entre o ponto de oclusão e o ponto de reenchimento (PR) da luz arterial...

Doença oclusiva da artéria basilar: aspectos clínicos e radiológicos; Basilar artery occlusive disease: clinical and radiological aspects

Ciríaco, Jovana Gobbi Marchesi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/10/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.35%
O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever as características demográficas, clínicas, radiológicas e o prognóstico da doença oclusiva da artéria basilar (DOAB), em uma população multiétnica. Foram estudados 40 indivíduos com infartos no território da artéria basilar (AB) confirmados por ressonância magnética, que sobreviveram após 30 dias à fase aguda do acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCI). Todos os doentes apresentavam estenose ³ 50% ou oclusão da AB, documentada por angiografia por ressonância ou angiografia digital. Foram registrados: idade, sexo, grupo étnico, fatores de risco para doença vascular, quadro clínico na instalação do AVCI, local do infarto, segmento arterial acometido, grau de estenose e presença de circulação colateral. A escala modificada de Rankin (EMR) em 30 dias e após seis meses do evento isquêmico foi avaliada, assim como a taxa de recorrência de eventos vasculares isquêmicos. Associações entre dados demográficos, aspectos clínicos, radiológicos e prognóstico foram analisadas pelo teste da razão de verossimilhança ou pelo teste exato de Fisher. A comparação entre a pontuação na EMR em 30 dias e seis meses foi realizada pelo teste de Wilcoxon. Sessenta por cento dos pacientes eram homens e 33%...

Efeitos moduladores da geração de trombina e da transferencia genica combinada do FGF-2 e do PDGF-BB sobre a angiogenese e arteriogenese em modelos de isquemia do membro pelvico posterior em ratos; Effects of thrombin generation and gene transfer of FGF-2 and PDGF-BB on therapeutic angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in a rat hindlimb ischemia model

Erich Vinicius de Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
A doença arterial oclusiva (DAO) é a principal causa de morbidade e mortalidade em países industrializados. Com o aumento da expectativa de vida da população mundial a DAO tornou-se um problema de saúde publica também em países em desenvolvimento. O tratamento de uma das formas graves de DAO, a isquemia crítica de membros inferiores (ICMI), normalmente oferece alívio temporário e muitas vezes requer a amputação do membro afetado. No Brasil, a sobrevida desses pacientes é comparável a algumas formas de câncer. Desta forma, a busca de estratégias terapêuticas alternativas à amputação é fundamental para estes pacientes. Nesse estudo, nós exploramos o papel da angiogênese terapêutica induzida por terapia gênica (TG) em modelos animais ICMI. A angiogênese terapêutica se baseia na utilização de fatores de crescimento vascular sob a forma de proteínas recombinantes ou TG. A reposição de proteína deve ser mantida por períodos prolongados e normalmente requer administração sistêmica. Isto aumenta o risco de formação de vasos em locais indesejáveis como tumores ocultos ou retina. Estudos clínicos anteriores demonstraram que a indução de angiogênese terapêutica utilizando apenas um fator pró-angiogênico é eficaz. No entanto...

Prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in patients referred to a tertiary care hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, for coronary angiography

Nunes,J.L.B.; Silvany-Neto,A.; Pitta,G.B.B.; Figueiredo,L.F.P.; Oliveira,I.; Quadros,R.; Miranda-Junior,F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
The presence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease increases the morbidity and mortality of patients with coronary artery disease. The objective of the present study was to calculate the prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in patients referred for coronary angiography. This prevalence study was carried out at the Hemodynamics Unit of Hospital Santa Isabel, Salvador, Brazil, from December 2004 to April 2005. After approval by the Ethics Committee of the hospital, 397 patients with angiographic signs of coronary artery disease were enrolled. Diagnosis of peripheral arterial occlusive disease was made using the ankle-brachial blood pressure index (£0.90). Statistical analyses were performed using the z test and a level of significance of a = 5%, 95%CI, the chi-square test and t-test, and multiple logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease was 34.3% (95%CI: 29.4-38.9). Mean age was 65.7 ± 9.4 years for patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease, and 60.3 ± 9.8 years for patients without peripheral arterial occlusive disease (P = 0.0000003). The prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease was 1.57 times greater in patients with hypertension (P = 0.007) and 2.91 times greater in patients with coronary stenosis ³50% (P = 0.002). Illiterate patients and those with little education had a 44% higher chance of presenting peripheral arterial occlusive disease probably as a result of public health prevention policies of limited effectiveness. The prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in patients referred to a tertiary care hospital in Salvador...

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo associated with arterial occlusive disease: three case reports and literature review

Castro Junior,Ney Penteado de; Almeida,Clemente Isnard Ribeiro de; Campos,Carlos Alberto Herrerias de
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo (SSNHLV) has multifactorial causes, of which viral, autoimmune and vascular insufficiency are the most common. The therapeutic management for SSNHLV includes antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, vasodilators, normovolemic hemodilution therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Vertebrobasilar occlusive disease and carotid occlusive disease are seldom related to SSNHLV. Discussions concerning SSNHLV caused by occlusive vascular disease are important and necessary for both neurologists and otolaryngologists, since their therapeutic management and prognosis are very different from other causes of hearing loss and vertigo. Here, we present our experience with three cases managed with interventional treatment and conduct a review and discussion on the relevant literature. We conclude that investigation of vertebrobasilar and carotid occlusive diseases is necessary in patients over 50 years of age who present SSNHLV, mild neurological symptoms and a history of arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure or thrombosis.

Treatment of critical lower limb ischemia using a hybrid technique

Moreira,Ricardo Wagner da Costa; Costa,Pedro Victor Alcântara da; Carrilho,David Domingos Rosado
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV) Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Critical ischemia of a lower limb is a condition that threatens its viability and must be treated promptly to avoid major amputation. Revascularization is the most effective treatment method and is performed using surgical or endovascular techniques. For patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, combining these two approaches into a "hybrid technique" makes it possible to treat patients who could not be adequately treated by either technique in isolation. We report on a case of lower limb critical ischemia treated using a combination of surgery and endovascular techniques, in an application of the hybrid technique in a different arterial bed.

Localization of a Gene for Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease to Chromosome 1p31

Gudmundsson, Gudmundur; Matthiasson, Stefan E.; Arason, Haukur; Johannsson, Halldor; Runarsson, Freyr; Bjarnason, Hjördis; Helgadottir, Katrin; Thorisdottir, Steinthora; Ingadottir, Gudrun; Lindpaintner, Klaus; Sainz, Jesus; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Frigge,
Fonte: The American Society of Human Genetics Publicador: The American Society of Human Genetics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) results from atherosclerosis of large and medium peripheral arteries, as well as the aorta, and has many risk factors, including smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. PAOD often coexists with coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease. Cross-matching a population-based list of Icelandic patients with PAOD who had undergone angiography and/or revascularization procedures with a genealogy database of the entire Icelandic nation defined 116 extended families containing 272 patients. A genomewide scan with microsatellite markers revealed significant linkage to chromosome 1p31 with an allele-sharing LOD score of 3.93 (P=1.04×10-5). We designate this locus as “PAOD1.” Subtracting 35 patients with a history of stroke increased the LOD score to 4.93. This suggests that, although PAOD and other vascular diseases share risk factors, genetic factors specific to subtypes of vascular disease may exist.

Atrophy of the corpus callosum associated with a decrease in cortical benzodiazepine receptor in large cerebral arterial occlusive diseases

Yamauchi, H; Fukuyama, H; Dong, Y; Nabatame, H; Nagahama, Y; Nishizawa, S; Konishi, J; Shio, H
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
OBJECTIVES—It remains controversial whether selective neuronal ischaemic change develops in patients with occlusion of the large cerebral arteries. Previous studies have shown atrophy of the corpus callosum with reduced cortical oxygen metabolism in large cerebral arterial occlusive diseases, which might be indirect evidence of loss of the neurons in cortical layer 3. Recent studies of patients with ischaemic cerebrovascular diseases have demonstrated reduced central benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) binding in the normal appearing cortical areas, which might be more direct evidence of changes of the neurons. Although pathophysiology of the decreased BZR is unclear, a decrease in the cortical BZR binding with neuronal loss would cause atrophy of the corpus callosum. The purpose of this study was to determine whether atrophy of the corpus callosum is associated with a decrease in cortical BZR binding in large cerebral arterial occlusive diseases.
METHODS—Seven patients with occlusive diseases of the middle cerebral or internal carotid artery and only minor subcortical infarctions were studied. Single photon emission tomographic images of 123I labelled iomazenil (IMZ) obtained 180 minutes after injection were analysed for BZR binding. The midsagittal corpus callosum area/skull area ratio (on T1 weighted magnetic resonance images) was compared with the cerebral IMZ uptake/cerebellar IMZ uptake ratio.
RESULTS—Compared with 23 age and sex matched control subjects...

Retinal arterial collapse pressure in eyes with retinal arterial occlusive diseases

Jonas, J B
Fonte: Copyright 2004 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2004 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%

Antiphospholipid Syndrome and Vascular Ischemic (Occlusive) Diseases: An Overview

Atanassova, Penka A.
Fonte: Yonsei University College of Medicine Publicador: Yonsei University College of Medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is primarily considered to be an autoimmune pathological condition that is also referred to as "Hughes syndrome". It is characterized by arterial and/or venous thrombosis and pregnancy pathologies in the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies and/or lupus anticoagulant. APS can occur either as a primary disease or secondary to a connective tissue disorder, most frequently systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Damage to the nervous system is one of the most prominent clinical constellations of sequelae in APS and includes (i) arterial/venous thrombotic events, (ii) psychiatric features and (iii) other non-thrombotic neurological syndromes. In this overview we compare the most important vascular ischemic (occlusive) disturbances (VIOD) with neuro-psychiatric symptomatics, together with complete, updated classifications and hypotheses for the etio-pathogenesis of APS with underlying clinical and laboratory criteria for optimal diagnosis and disease management.

Collateral circulation: Past and present

Schaper, Wolfgang
Fonte: D. Steinkopff-Verlag Publicador: D. Steinkopff-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Following an arterial occlusion outward remodeling of pre-existent inter-connecting arterioles occurs by proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells. This is initiated by deformation of the endothelial cells through increased pulsatile fluid shear stress (FSS) caused by the steep pressure gradient between the high pre-occlusive and the very low post-occlusive pressure regions that are interconnected by collateral vessels. Shear stress leads to the activation and expression of all NOS isoforms and NO production, followed by endothelial VEGF secretion, which induces MCP-1 synthesis in endothelium and in the smooth muscle of the media. This leads to attraction and activation of monocytes and T-cells into the adventitial space (peripheral collateral vessels) or attachment of these cells to the endothelium (coronary collaterals). Mononuclear cells produce proteases and growth factors to digest the extra-cellular scaffold and allow motility and provide space for the new cells. They also produce NO from iNOS, which is essential for arteriogenesis. The bulk of new tissue production is carried by the smooth muscles of the media, which transform their phenotype from a contractile into a synthetic and proliferative one. Important roles are played by actin binding proteins like ABRA...

Dll4-Notch signaling determines the formation of native arterial collateral networks and arterial function in mouse ischemia models

Cristofaro, Brunella; Shi, Yu; Faria, Marcella; Suchting, Steven; Leroyer, Aurelie S.; Trindade, Alexandre; Duarte, Antonio; Zovein, Ann C.; Iruela-Arispe, M. Luisa; Nih, Lina R.; Kubis, Nathalie; Henrion, Daniel; Loufrani, Laurent; Todiras, Mihail; Schle
Fonte: Company of Biologists Publicador: Company of Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Arteriogenesis requires growth of pre-existing arteriolar collateral networks and determines clinical outcome in arterial occlusive diseases. Factors responsible for the development of arteriolar collateral networks are poorly understood. The Notch ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) promotes arterial differentiation and restricts vessel branching. We hypothesized that Dll4 may act as a genetic determinant of collateral arterial networks and functional recovery in stroke and hind limb ischemia models in mice. Genetic loss- and gain-of-function approaches in mice showed that Dll4-Notch signaling restricts pial collateral artery formation by modulating arterial branching morphogenesis during embryogenesis. Adult Dll4+/- mice showed increased pial collateral numbers, but stroke volume upon middle cerebral artery occlusion was not reduced compared with wild-type littermates. Likewise, Dll4+/- mice showed reduced blood flow conductance after femoral artery occlusion, and, despite markedly increased angiogenesis, tissue ischemia was more severe. In peripheral arteries, loss of Dll4 adversely affected excitation-contraction coupling in arterial smooth muscle in response to vasopressor agents and arterial vessel wall adaption in response to increases in blood flow...

The effect of early external X-ray radiation on arterial restenosis post percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

Cheng, Jun; Liu, Bujin; Yu, Huarong; Fu, Qining; Li, Fenghe; Zhao, Yu
Fonte: e-Century Publishing Corporation Publicador: e-Century Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Background: Arterial restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) significantly reduces its therapeutic efficacy in treating lower extremity atherosclerotic occlusive diseases (LEAOD). Early external X-ray external radiation has demonstrated positive effects on restenosis; however, effective dosing and the mechanism(s) underlying its efficacy remain unknown. This study explored the effect of early external X-ray radiation on preventing post-PTA restenosis in an iliac intimal injury model. Methods: Twenty rabbits underwent iliac intimal injury via PTA and received five different radiation doses: 0 Gy (n = 4), 3 Gy (n = 4), 6 Gy (n = 4), 9 Gy (n = 4), and 12 Gy (n = 4). Four rabbits were used as controls. All subjects were fed a high-fat diet prior to PTA and for an additional four-week period post-PTA and then sacrificed for immunohistochemical and Western blotting analysis. Results: Arterial stenosis was significantly improved post-PTA. Alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression in the 0 Gy to 9 Gy groups was significantly increased post-PTA. Cytochrome C (Cyt C) expression was significantly increased post-PTA and was positively correlated with radiation intensity. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression was significantly increased post-PTA with the 0 Gy group showing significantly higher expression than the 3 Gy group. No significant differences were found in CD34 levels between the groups. Conclusions: Early external X-ray radiation at 6-24 Gy doses effectively restrained VSMC hyperplasia post-PTA...

Modelling the long term cost effectiveness of clopidogrel for the secondary prevention of occlusive vascular events in the UK

Karnon, J.; Brennan, A.; Pandor, A.; Fowkes, G.; Lee, A.; Gray, D.; Coshall, C.; Nicholls, C.; Akehurst, R.
Fonte: Librapharm Publicador: Librapharm
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Objective: To assess the long term cost effectiveness of clopidogrel monotherapy compared with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin; ASA) monotherapy in patients at risk of secondary occlusive vascular events (OVEs) in the UK. Design: Cost utility analysis based on clinical data from CAPRIE (a multicentre randomised controlled trial, involving 19185 patients); long-term effects were extrapolated beyond the trial period using a Markov model populated with data from UK observational studies. Health economic evaluation carried out from the perspective of the UK National Health Service. Participants: A representative cohort of 1000 UK patients aged 60 years (approximate mean age of the CAPRIE population), with the qualifying diagnoses of myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease, who are at risk of secondary OVEs (non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke or vascular death). Interventions: Patients were assumed to receive treatment with either clopidogrel (75 mg/day) for 2 years followed by ASA (325 mg/day, average) for their remaining lifetime, or ASA alone (325 mg/day, average) for life. Main outcome measures: Incremental cost per life year gained and incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained. Results: In the base case...

Capillary Microscopy in Patients with Vasospastic and Arterial Occlusive Diseases

Jacobs, Michael J.H.M.; Gregoric, Igor D.; Reul, George J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Capillary microscopy and its application for diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation in patients with vasospastic and arterial occlusive disease are described in this report. Capillary microscopy is a noninvasive technique for measuring red blood cell velocity and for determining nutritional blood flow in the capillaries of the skin. This method can be applied in distinguishing patients with Raynaud's phenomenon from those with other disorders involving ischemia of the hand. In patients with atherosclerotic disease of the lower limb, microcirculatory observations can help determine how temperature increases and posturally induced microvascular constriction affect limbs with different degrees of ischemia. Capillary microscopy can also be used to help distinguish between patients who respond and those who do not respond to prolonged treatment for such disorders. Because capillary microscopy can be used to assess microcirculatory hemodynamics and autoregulatory mechanisms in cases of severe ischemia, it should be regarded as an essential tool in the evaluation of patients with upper- and lower-limb ischemia. (Texas Heart Institute Journal 1992;19:123-9)

Results of Prospective Cohort Study on Symptomatic Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease Showing Mild Hemodynamic Compromise [Japanese Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Trial (JET)-2 Study]

KATAOKA, Hiroharu; MIYAMOTO, Susumu; OGASAWARA, Kuniaki; IIHARA, Koji; TAKAHASHI, Jun C.; NAKAGAWARA, Jyoji; INOUE, Tooru; MORI, Etsuro; OGAWA, Akira;
Fonte: The Japan Neurosurgical Society Publicador: The Japan Neurosurgical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
The purpose of this study is to determine the true threshold of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) for subsequent ischemic stroke without extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery in patients with hemodynamic ischemia due to symptomatic major cerebral arterial occlusive diseases. Patients were categorized based on rest CBF and CVR into four subgroups as follows: Group A, 80% < CBF < 90% and CVR < 10%; Group B, CBF < 80% and 10% < CVR < 20%; Group C, 80% < CBF < 90% and 10% < CVR < 20%; and Group D, CBF < 90% and 20% < CVR < 30%. Patients were followed up for 2 years under best medical treatment by the stroke neurologists. Primary and secondary end points were defined as all adverse events and ipsilateral stroke recurrence respectively. A total of 132 patients were enrolled. All adverse events were observed in 9 patients (3.5%/year) and ipsilateral stroke recurrence was observed only in 2 patients (0.8%/year). There was no significant difference among the four subgroups in terms of the rate of both primary and secondary end points. Compared with the medical arm of the Japanese EC-IC bypass trial (JET) study including patients with CBF < 80% and CVR < 10% as a historical control, the incidence of ipsilateral stroke recurrence was significantly lower in the present study. Patients with symptomatic major cerebral arterial occlusive diseases and mild hemodynamic compromise have a good prognosis under medical treatment. EC-IC bypass surgery is unlikely to benefit patients with CBF > 80% or CVR > 10%.

Evidence of misery perfusion and risk for recurrent stroke in major cerebral arterial occlusive diseases from PET.

Yamauchi, H; Fukuyama, H; Nagahama, Y; Nabatame, H; Nakamura, K; Yamamoto, Y; Yonekura, Y; Konishi, J; Kimura, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
OBJECTIVES--In major cerebral arterial occlusive diseases, patients with inadequate blood supply relative to metabolic demand (misery perfusion) may be at increased risk for cerebral ischaemia. This study investigated whether patients showing misery perfusion on PET have a high risk of recurrent ischaemic stroke. METHODS--The relation between the regional haemodynamic status of cerebral circulation and the subsequent risk of recurrent stroke was prospectively evaluated in 40 patients with symptomatic internal carotid or middle cerebral arterial occlusive diseases who underwent PET. Patients were divided into two haemodynamic categories according to the mean hemispheric value of oxygen extraction fraction in the hemisphere supplied by the artery with symptomatic disease: patients with normal oxygen extraction fraction and those with increased oxygen extraction fraction (misery perfusion). All patients were followed up for at least 12 months. RESULTS--The one year incidence of ipsilateral ischaemic strokes for patients with normal oxygen extraction fraction and those with increased oxygen extraction fraction were two of 33 and four of seven patients respectively. A significantly higher incidence of ipsilateral strokes was found in patients with increased oxygen extraction fraction (Fisher's exact test; P = 0.005). In patients with increased oxygen extraction fraction...

Recanalización percutánea de oclusiones crónicas de arterias ilíacas con instalación primaria de Stent

Fava P,Mario; Loyola Z,M Soledad
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/1999 ES
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45.94%
Background: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is a well established treatment method for aorto iliac stenoses. However its success is limited in arterial occlusions and vascular stent placement can improve the results. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of percutaneous revascularization with stent placement in patients with chronic iliac artery occlusions. Patients and methods: twenty six patients (18 male) aged 47 to 82 years, with iliac artery occlusions lasting six or more weeks were treated. Fourteen had involvement of common iliac artery, five had involvement of external iliac artery and seven of both. The occluded segment length ranged from 3.5 to 12 cm. According to the Society of Cardiovascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery classification, 22 patients had category 1 claudication, 10 were in category 2, 12 in category 3 and two in category 4. Results: A technical success was obtained in 23 patients and clinical success in 21. After the intervention, the anklearm index improved from 0.49 ± 0.12 to 0.88 ± 0.18 (p < 0.001). Permeability after 12 months of follow up was 81% and after 36 months, 65%. Four patients had complications; one had a vascular perforation, two had an acute occlusion and one had an asymptomatic distal embolization. All these were solved using endovascular techniques. Conclusions: Percutaneous revascularization with stent placement is a valid alternative to surgery in selected patients with chronic iliac artery occlusion.