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Política, limite e mediania em Aristóteles; The nature, specificity and necessity of the politics category in Aristotle's mature thought

Chasin, Milney
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/10/2007 PT
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26.72%
O propósito deste trabalho é determinar a natureza, especificidade e necessidade da categoria da política no pensamento maduro de Aristóteles, tendo por eixo central o exame de três obras capitais: Ética Nicomaquéia, A Constituição de Atenas e Política. Estabelecer, portanto, os nexos e laços históricos que uniram e animaram o pensamento político do estagirita, relacionando-os à realidade ateniense do século do IV a.C que influenciou, sobremaneira, a démarche ideológica do filósofo em tela. Trata-se de apontar os elos que motivaram concretamente o autor a encontrar na política e na ética instrumentos a moderar, a impor limites ao modo de vida grego (à comunidade política) e à individualidade, respectivamente. O ideário político-ético aristotélico brotou dos desafios incontornáveis de uma pólis grega declinante, com suas adstringências ingênitas, de apoucadas forças produtivas. Assim, foi levado, historicamente, a responder ao grande desafio de seu tempo: recompor, a partir de certa exeqüibilidade, o equilíbrio citadino perdido por décadas de guerras internas e externas. De modo que, política e ética foram compreendidas como mecanismos reguladores a dirimir conflitos e tensões em momento singular da vida pública grega...

A poética de Aristóteles: tradução e comentários; Aristotle's Poetics: translation and commentaries

Gazoni, Fernando Maciel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/07/2006 PT
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Este trabalho é uma tradução da Poética de Aristóteles (com exceção dos capítulos 19 a 22, que não são discutidos aqui) acompanhada de comentários. A intenção dele é estabelecer um texto que leve em conta as várias contribuições dadas pelas principais traduções francesas, inglesas, italianas e portuguesas, e situar, por meio dos comentários, a Poética dentro do corpus da filosofia aristotélica, especialmente a ética de Aristóteles e sua teoria da ação.; This paper is a translation into Portuguese of Aristotle's Poetics (with the exception of chapters 19 trough 22, which are not discussed here), with accompanying commentaries. Its intention views the establishment of a text that takes into account several contributions given by the main French, English, Italian and Portuguese translations. The commentaries consider Poetics as a part of the Aristotelian philosophy teachings, especially Aristotle's ethics and his action theory.

Do ato heroico à construção da noção de responsabilidade do agente moral, paralelos entre a Ética Nicomaqueia e a Poética de Aristóteles; From the heroic act to the construction of the notion of moral agent's responsibility, parallels between Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Poetics

Silva, Rosely de Fatima
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar a teoria da ação humana presente na Ética Nicomaqueia de Aristóteles e, em particular, os elementos que constituem os critérios para a determinação da noção de responsabilidade do agente moral e identificar se tais critérios se encontram presentes na teoria sobre a imitação da ação humana na tragédia grega, apresentada na Poética. Para ilustrar essa possível relação, utilizar-se-á o mito de Édipo, paradigma da discussão sobre a virtude na ação heroica, presente na tragédia de Sófocles, Édipo-Rei.; The aim of this master degree dissertation is to investigate the theory of human action available in Aristotles Nicomachean Ethics. The aim is particularly to investigate the elements that constitute the criteria to determining the notion of responsibility of the agent and to identify if these criteria can be found in the theory about the imitation of human action in Greek tragedy available in Aristotles Poetics. In order to ilustrate this possible relation, it will be used Oedipus myth, as a paradigm of the discussion about virtue in heroic action, available in Sophocles tragedy, Oedipus-Rex.

As relações entre ética, política e direito em Aristóteles

Alvarez, Alejandro Montiel
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
O presente trabalho pretende estudar as relações entre a ética, a política e o direito em Aristóteles. Primeiramente, tentar-se-á dar uma ordem interna a cada tema, conforme a teoria das causas, isto é, as quatro causas aristotélicas. Depois de identificadas as causas da ética, da política e do direito, através da análise das causas de seus objetos, seguir-se-á, ao tempo da conclusão, a análise se há identidade de causas, parcial ou total, perfeita ou imperfeita. Ainda, buscar-se-á quais os elementos estudados por Aristóteles em uma das obras que são condições necessárias à outra. Por fim, investigar-se-á se as orientações para a ação de uma estão presentes na outra, isto é, se a atividade política básica é operada por um tipo de razão apresentada pela ética e se as orientações para a ação ética, ou seja, a ação humana conforme a virtude, é operada por um tipo de razão apresentada pela política. Finalmente, dar-se-á uma apresentação geral de como o direito se situa e se organiza nessa relação.; This dissertation intends to study the relations between ethics, politics and law, in aristotelian philosophy. First of all, it atempts to give an internal order to each of those themes, according to the four aristotelian causes; Aristotle’s theory of causes. After identifying the causes of ethics...

Impasses éticos ou um testemunho da experiência pedagógica

Silva, Tatielle Rita de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
Tomando a ética como um modo de se conduzir que se constitui, a um só tempo, da relação que estabelecemos com o outro, por intermédio da relação que tecemos conosco mesmos, procuramos abordar no presente trabalho a temática dos enlaces e desenlaces constituintes do viver-junto. Duas interrogações nos acompanham: como o indeterminado atravessa nossa experiência e sob que condições somos convocados a responder pelos efeitos imprevisíveis das ações que protagonizamos. Para contornar este problema de pesquisa, encetamos um caminho duplo. Um deles parte de narrativas de um percurso escolar trilhado no decurso de oito anos em escolas da rede pública estadual do município de Porto Alegre. Tais narrativas estão referidas a uma coleção de acontecimentos não-lineares entornados da matéria mais ínfima da experiência pedagógica onde o critério escolhido para narrá-las não foi outro senão a intensidade com que produziram um certo desassossego e desalojamento em sua narradora – único modo encontrado de dar um registro simbólico às cenas ali testemunhadas. O outro caminho encetado diz respeito a um percurso investigativo, teórico-conceitual onde procuramos situar nosso problema de pesquisa através de uma releitura da obra de Aristóteles...

Aristotle’s Theory of Deviance and Contemporary Symbolic Interactionist Scholarship: Learning from the Past, Extending the Present, and Engaging the Future

Prus, Robert
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Although his work has been largely overlooked by symbolic interactionists and other students of deviance, Aristotle (c384-322BCE) addresses community life, activity, agency, and persuasive interchange in ways that not only are remarkably consistent with contemporary symbolic interactionist approaches to deviance, but that also conceptually inform present day theories of deviance and provide valuable transhistorical comparison points for subsequent analysis. Following (1) a brief overview of an interactionist approach to the study of deviance, attention is given to (2) classical Greek conceptions of good and evil (especially as these are articulated by Plato) before turning more directly to (3) Aristotle’s notions of wrongdoing as this is reflected in his considerations of community, morality, agency, and culpability. While informed by Aristotle’s considerations of causality (as addressed in Physics and Metaphysics), this statement builds most centrally on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Rhetoric. Striving for a broader understanding of deviance as a humanly engaged feature of community life, the paper briefly compares Aristotle’s “theory of deviance” with Prus and Grills (2003) interactionist analysis of deviance. The paper (4) concludes with an assessment of the relative contributions of contemporary interactionist scholarship and Aristotle’s materials for the study of deviance as a community-engaged process.

Sobre a acrasia em Aristóteles: sua possibilidade, a abordagem dialética e a resposta antissocrática ao problema

Mendonça, Fernando Martins
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Essa dissertação tem como objetivo ligar as diversas passagens em que Aristóteles trata da acrasia na Ethica Nicomachea, mostrando que elas formam uma noção clara e consistente desse tipo de ação. Essa noção também é consistente com a abordagem da acrasia no livro VII 1-3, onde Aristóteles trata a acrasia de modo dialético. O método dialético usado, levado a sério, mostrará que Aristóteles salva os phainomena, que são as opiniões aceitas acerca da acrasia, e recusa fortemente a tese socrática, segundo a qual a acrasia não existe porque ninguém pode agir contra o conhecimento que possui. Em vista disso, a interpretação proposta se colocará fortemente contrária à interpretação que atribui a causa da acrasia á ignorância de algum dos elementos do silogismo prático. ______________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT; This dissertation aims to connect the various passages in which Aristotle deals with the akrasia in Nicomachea Ethics, showing that they form a clear and consistent notion of such an action. This notion is also consistent with the approach of the acrasia in the book VII 1-3, where Aristotle treats acrasia in a dialectical way. The dialectical method used...

Law in Aristotle's ethical-political thought

Weirnick, Darren
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 184 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Proclaiming that man is a political animal, Aristotle overcame the Sophists' opposition between law and nature. My dissertation looks at whether the law successfully promotes the human good in Aristotle's political philosophy. Aristotle believes law should inculcate the virtues of character. In Chapter One, I argue habituation to virtue through laws does not unacceptably undermine citizens' autonomy. Aristotle intends the law to inculcate virtue in coordination with other parts of the social fabric, including the household and social customs. Yet Aristotle also believes laws, including laws about moral education, should conform to the goal of the constitution. Many constitutions do not aim at a life of virtue correctly conceived. In Chapter Two, I argue that by promoting the virtue of the citizen in deviant regimes, Aristotle's lawgiver risks inculcating moral vice. Chapter Three looks at the basis for the law's authority in the practical wisdom of the lawgiver. Aristotle identifies legislative wisdom as a form of practical wisdom, and speaks of the lawgiver as a sage. But just as absolute kingship is unlikely, so too is a lawgiver sage. Aristotle's more realistic account of legislative activity, as conducted by citizens who are often not practically wise...

The philosopher and the rhetorician : a study of persuasion in Plato's Gorgias and Aristotle's Rhetoric /

Sutherland, Shelagh.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.46%
In his treatise, On Rhetoric, Aristotle argues that there are three species within an art of rhetoric, judicial, deliberative, and epideictic. Aristotle's threefold rhetorical art, which is based on the functioning of the soul toward justice, reveals the possibilities for persuasive speech found in the Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle suggests that the soul and political life can be ordered according to reason through speeches pursuing justice, efficiency, and noble action. The relation between rhetoric and the soul also demonstrates how Socrates' rhetoric in Plato's Gorgias is based on an well-ordered soul, which is a just soul. In contrast to his own persuasion, Socrates demonstrates that the persuasive speech employed and taught by Gorgias, the rhetorician, is based on disorder and injustice. These two texts reveal that the intent of rhetoric is not separate from its practice. A study of the art of rhetoric, based on a study of the just soul and the good life, leads to the higher inquiries into politics and philosophy. Thus, political life and philosophy may benefit when citizens examine the nature of rhetoric, and subsequently, justice, within a community and within a soul.

Aristotle and the Emotions

Leighton, Stephen
Fonte: Brill Publicador: Brill
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 556415 bytes; application/pdf
EN
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26.46%
Reprinted in Aristotle's Ethics, edited by T. Irwin, Garland Press, 1995; revised in Essays on Aristotle's Rhetoric, edited by A. Rorty, University of California Press, 1996.

Phronesis and Energeia : a reading of Heidegger's early appropriation of Aristotelian Phronesis (1922-24) in the light of Energeia

Ayxela Frigola, Carlos
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.23%
L’objectif de cette thèse est d’élucider l’intention, la pertinence et la cohérence de l’appropriation par Heidegger des concepts principaux de la philosophie pratique aristotélicienne dans ses premiers cours. Notre analyse portera principalement sur les notions clefs d’energeia et de phronēsis. La première section de la thèse est préparatoire : elle est consacrée à une analyse étroite des textes pertinents de l’Éthique à Nicomaque, mais aussi de la Métaphysique, en discussion avec d’autres commentateurs modernes. Cette analyse jette les fondations philologiques nécessaires en vue d’aborder les audacieuses interprétations de Heidegger sur une base plus ferme. La deuxième et principale section consiste en une discussion de l’appropriation ontologique de l’Éthique à Nicomaque que Heidegger entreprend de 1922 à 1924, à partir des textes publiés jusqu’à ce jour et en portant une attention spéciale à Métaphysique IX. Le résultat principal de la première section est un aperçu du caractère central de l’energeia pour le projet d’Aristote dans l’Éthique à Nicomaque et, plus spécifiquement, pour sa compréhension de la praxis, qui dans son sens original s’avère être un mode d’être des êtres humains. Notre analyse reconnaît trois traits essentiels de l’energeia et de la praxis...

A retórica em Aristóteles: da orientação das paixões ao aprimoramento da eupraxia

Lima, Marcos Aurélio da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Filosofia; Metafísica Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Filosofia; Metafísica
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
This research brings into focus the relationship between the work Rhetoric, from Aristotle, and the conceptions of ethics and practical wisdom of the philosopher from Stageira. Accordingly, it attempts to show that Aristotle's Rhetoric was produced to guide the construction and orientation of oratory passions of the Greek man, setting it as a reference for practices aimed at social ordering of the polis. In other words, the Aristotelian Rhetoric, designed by the author as the study of what is persuasive in every speech, is not composed with the meaning of persuasion at any cost, in another sense it is conceived by Aristotle as a useful knowledge for the improvement eupraxic (the good act in accordance with the fair and true). This research finds that such work has been prepared by Stagirite a time of strong social transformations and upheavals in ancient Greece: The skepticism expanded, with each person wanting to live their own businesses, and especially in Athens, a city that served as intellectual and political reference, there was a lack of collective spirit. In this tumultuous social environment, Aristotle, with a culture of Greeks eager Trusted reviews and socially shareable in the field of verisimilitude, sought with his Rhetoric...

Um estudo sobre a concepção de eudaimonia na Ética Nicomaquéia; Aristotle`s conception of eudaimonia in Nicomachean

Renata Christina Ceroni Silvestrini
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Em I.7.1098b16-18, Aristóteles afirma que a eudaimonia é a "atividade da alma em acordo com a virtude (e, havendo mais de uma virtude, em acordo com a melhor e a mais completa", no entanto tal afirmação não nos parece vaga e acaba por suscitar mais questões do que esclarecer. De que virtude Aristóteles estaria falando? A que ele poderia referir ao dizer "na melhor e na mais completa"? Já estaria ele comprometido com alguma tese específica a respeito da eudaimonia em I.7? Na Ética Nicomaquéia Aristóteles, ao tentar estabelecer o que seria o bem supremo para o homem, acaba não deixando claro se o identifica com um único bem ou com um conjunto organizado de bens constitutivos, numa linguagem mais contemporânea, intruduzida por W.F.R Hardie, em "The Final Good in Aristotle Ethics", se estaria ele defendendo uma tese inclusiva, na qual a eudaimonia seria um bem não contável com os demais que inclui, concatena e organiza, de algum modo, os demais bens (bens da alma, bens do corpo e bens exteriores) num todo harmonioso, como parece indicar o livro I, e parte significativa dos demais livros da Ética Nicomaquéia e mais claramente a Ética Eudemia, ou se estaria ele defendendo uma tese dominante, na qual a eudaimonia seria estritamente identificada com a sabedoria teorética...

In search of true friendship

Souza,Luciana Karine de
Fonte: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da UFMG Publicador: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da UFMG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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26.45%
The present text proposes a discussion on the concept of true friendship. The argument is grounded mostly on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Owen Flanagan's ethics as human ecology, and on contemporary authors' works about the Greek philosopher's concept of friendship. Given that human beings flourish through 1) exercising capacities, 2) being moral, and 3) having true friendships, difficulties to establish the level of trust required by true friendships turns the search itself (for them) morally valid.

Hunting for Happiness: Aristotle and the Good of Action

Tontiplaphol, Don
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.46%
The starting point of the dissertation is a special kind of intentional action -- Aristotelian praxis, or, in a more metaphysical register, energeia -- a kind whose agent's intention in acting must be expressible as the deliverance of one's prohairesis (``deliberate choice''), action that is the embodiment of one's conception of eupraxia (``acting well''), and, equivalently, of eudaimonia (``happiness''). It is special, since not all that we intentionally do can be intelligibly expressed as the deliverance of our conceptions of acting well. Recognition of the gaps between action in general and intentional action more specifically, and between intentional action and prohairetic action, sets the stage for a reinterpretation, not only of core aspects of Aristotle's Ethics, but also of central features of Aristotle's political recommendations. The interpretation defended here centers on the claim that, for Aristotle, defective political communities are often marked, not so much by an erroneous conception of human virtue, but by defective forms of action, forms in which agents fail to apply certain concepts to what they do. Importantly, such failures do not hang on the different failure to apply concepts correctly: the failure to act prohairetically need not come to the failure to grasp the correct conception of human virtue or of human happiness.; Government

Aristotle's Function Argument

Korsgaard, Christine
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.6%
In Nicomachean Ethics 1.7, Aristotle claims that to discover the human good we must identify the function of a human being. He argues that the human function is rational activity. Our good is therefore rational activity performed well, which Aristotle takes to mean in accordance with virtue. This argument has been criticized at almost every point. This chapter defends Aristotle's argument from these criticisms. Drawing on the account of form and matter in Aristotle's Metaphysics, it argues that “function” does not mean purpose but rather a way of functioning — how a thing does what it does. The way human beings do things is by making rational choices. The human good or happiness is not merely a result of rational choice, but consists in it, because a rational action or activity is one whose principle expresses the agent's conception of what is worth doing for the sake of what.; Philosophy

St. Thomas Aquinas on Disability & Profound Cognitive Impairment

Romero, Miguel J.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.17%

St. Thomas Aquinas on Disability & Profound Cognitive Impairment

Abstract

This dissertation raises a question regarding the relationship between the condition of the body, moral virtue, and human flourishing. Our main objective is to reconstruct Aquinas's theological understanding of corporeal infirmity in order to depict, in broad outline, a Thomistic theology of disability and cognitive impairment. A prominent concern in this investigation is to understand, according to Aquinas, the significance of the body in the perfection of human activity towards the realization of our natural and supernatural end, as well as the implications of Aquinas's view with respect to persons who have a profound and utterly debilitating cognitive impairment.

Remarks on disability and impairment are found throughout Aquinas's Summa Theologica and his treatise De Malo. Although Aquinas did not compose an ex professo theological tract on `disability,' the integral and systematic character of what he says about these matters implicates the whole of his thought and, in particular, his moral theology. In his Summa, Aquinas brings together careful scriptural exegesis, patristic and medieval sources, as well as the best philosophy of his day. The result...

Aristotle and Double Effect

Di Nucci, Ezio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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There are some interesting similarities between Aristotle’s ‘mixed actions’ in Book III of the Nicomachean Ethics and the actions often thought to be justifiable with the Doctrine of Double Effect. Here I analyse these similarities by comparing Aristotle’s examples of mixed actions with standard cases from the literature on double effect such as, amongst others, strategic bombing, the trolley problem, and craniotomy. I find that, despite some common features such as the dilemmatic structure and the inevitability of a bad effect, Aristotle’s mixed actions do not count as cases justifiable through application of the Doctrine of Double Effect because they fail to meet the crucial necessary condition of the Doctrine according to which the bad effect can only be a merely foreseen side- effect and not an intended means. 

Aristotle on The Cognition of Value

Hamalainen, Hasse
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/05/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
In my paper, I defend an interpretation according to which Aristotle thinks in Nicomachean Ethics (EN) that the rational aspect of soul is needed in discerning which ends of desire would be good. Many interpreters have traditionally supported this, ‘rationalist’ line of interpreting Aristotle’s theory of value cognition.The rationalist interpretation has, however, recently come under a novel challenge from Jessica Moss (2011, 2012), but has not yet received a defence. Moss attempts to resurrect now virtually abandoned ‘anti-rationalist’ interpretation, which claims, in a contrast to the rationalist one, that discerning good ends may require no activity from the rational aspect, but only well-habituated non-rational desire. Moss’ interpretation appeals to certain Aristotle’s claims in De Anima (DA) 3, which, she thinks, show that non-rational phantasia suffices for discerning good ends if only accompanied with the habituated desire. Although I admit that her interpretation can successfully avoid some problems that earlier anti-rationalist interpretations faced with certain passages of EN, I also argue, however that it introduces some new problems, and (probably inadvertently) attributes philosophically incoherent views about moral responsibility to Aristotle. Therefore I conclude that even after Moss’ improvements to the anti-rationalist interpretation...

Aristotle’s Concept of Law: Beyond Positivism and Natural Law; Aristotle’s Concept of Law: Beyond Positivism and Natural Law

Vega, Jesús
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.97%
This paper presents an interpretation on Aristotle’s distinction between natural law and positive law. According to this interpretation, the traditionally assumed thesis on Aristotle’s “iusnaturalism” should be severely rectified otherwise dismissed. It is not either to be found in Aristotle’s legal reflections any variety of “legal positivism”. Departing from a natural law reading of the famous passage of Nichomachean Ethics where Aristotle draws the distinction between the two forms of political justice, natural justice (physikon dikaion) and legal justice (nomikon dikaion), we cannot find conclusive reasons to see therein a conceptual dualism between natural law and positive law as it has been traditionally understood. Rather it must be concluded that the true conceptual line is not that relating natural and legal justice but the one relating political (politikon dikaion) and legal justice. Under this reading, not only legal justice but also the so-called natural justice should be included within the Aristotelian concept of positive law in terms of a philosophically grounded universalism in the realm of practical reason as opposed to a metaphysical, natural-law view (that is, ultimately a theological one). This is indeed corroborated by an analysis of the central role played by the notion of praxis...