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THE LEGACY OF THE HOCHSCHULE FÜR GESTALTUNG OF ULM FOR COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ARCHITECTURE

NEVES, Isabel Clara; ROCHA, João; DUARTE, José Pinto
Fonte: CAADRIA and Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture (CASA), Department of Architecture-NUS, Singapore. Publicador: CAADRIA and Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture (CASA), Department of Architecture-NUS, Singapore.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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Abstract. Nowadays the use of computational design processes in architecture is a common practice which is currently recovering a set of theories connected to computer science that were developed in the 60s and 70s. Such pioneering explorations were marked by an interest in employing scientific principles and methodologies many developed in Research Centres located in the US and the UK. Looking into this period, this paper investigates the relevance of the German design school of the Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG) Ulm to the birth of computation in architecture. Even thought there were no computers in the school. It is argued that the innovative pedagogies and some distinct professors have launched clear foundations that can be understood as being at the basis of further computational approaches in architecture. By describing and relating the singular work by Tomas Maldonado (educational project), Max Bense (information aesthetics) and Horst Rittel (scientific methods), this paper describes the emergence of analogical ways of computational design thinking. This analysis ultimately wishes to contribute for inscribing the HfG Ulm at the cultural and technological mapping of computation in architecture.

Architecture as artform : drawing, painting, collage, and architecture, 1945-1965

Lum, Eric Kim
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 334 p.; 28140596 bytes; 28140350 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The development of an American architectural avant-garde after the Second World War is examined in relation to the formal properties and institutionalized cultural authority of modern art. Rather than looking to the artwork of their American artistic contemporaries, architects and critics appropriated the early European avant-garde as typological precedents, guided by a pedagogical approach steeped in Bauhaus teaching methods. Drawing became the common conduit between the abstract work of art and its transformation into modern architecture. Architecture was seen as a problem that could be studied diagrammatically, and consequently also thought of as a fundamentally conceptual, immaterial artifact. At the same time that architecture was moving towards a flattened artistic condition, however, abstract expressionist painting began to take on the material and dimensional properties of the architectural object, demarcating volume and structure. Modernist collage techniques were also introduced into postwar architectural design, but again the material aspects of the medium were suppressed in favor of its purely visual qualities.; by Eric K. Lum.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 1999.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 319-329).

Filmic architecture : on motion perspective in architectural synthesis

Kwon, Kyoung Eun, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 84 p.; 3460172 bytes; 3470025 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis is an inquiry into the potential of film as an extended perspective defined by the sequential juxtaposition of images. Based on the notion that linear perspective in Renaissance architecture was used as a formal tool for the poetic imagination, it is assumed that motion perspective used as a design tool would have a formative influence on the architectural design process and thence, on the final product, architectural space and the sequence of spaces. The project uses film theory as the conceptual framework from which to gain a better understanding of the fourth dimension (time) in the creation of architecture. Cinematic camera movements, which already have a syntax or patterned language are modified for defining specific geometries in the creation of built space. The program consists of a housing block and community center in East Boston, offering a variety of spatial types for experimentation. In the primary analysis, the site is observed through a series of camera sequences. In the design process these camera movements are used to generate a spatial geometry based on the relationship between camera and filmed space. For instance, the housing has a layered spatial configuration corresponding to the tracking shot used in the site analysis. Computer generated motion graphics (4-D motion perspective) are used in each step of conceptual design. A dialectic of observation and form-generation with camera sequences are repeated throughout the building using the syntax of other movie-based sequences. The thesis demonstrates the potential of cinematographic sequencing in architectural design...

SMPL : a network architecture for collaborative distributed services; Network architecture for collaborative distributed services

Rocha, Carols A. (Carlos Andres Rocha Penagos)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 p.; 4657236 bytes; 4660925 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis proposes a network architecture, called SMPL, for the design and development of collaboration-oriented, distributed applications over the Internet. The goal of SMPL is to enable the development of applications that easily integrate the capabilities of different types of computing resources, software platforms, and data repositories across the Internet transcending the level of a single device. SMPL proposes a new abstraction of the Internet as a network composed of services, resources, and capabilities instead of just machines. The SMPL architecture distributes resources through a peer-to-peer network of service providers. The design of SMPL encourages developers to add value to the system by facilitating the creation of new functionalities based upon compositions of the existing ones.; Carlos A. Rocha.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2005.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 85-89).

Design procedures : a computational framework for parametric design and complex shapes in architecture; Computational framework for parametric design and complex shapes in architecture

Barrios Hernandez, Carlos Roberto
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 196 p.
ENG
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Submitted to the Department of Architecture on May 1, 2006, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Architecture: Design and Computation Through the use of computational generative procedures in the early stages of design, it is common to generate shapes of complex nature that could only be produced by the combined forces of human imagination and computer power. However the more complex the shapes are, the more difficult it becomes to establish a discourse that embodies the geometrical and spatial properties, as well as the formal attributes of a given shape. Furthermore, it has become problematic to differentiate between one complex shape and another, resulting in some abstract, cumbersome, and sometimes obscure explanation about how the shape came into being. In some cases, designers recur to complex expressions of mathematical nature that, even though they are precise descriptions of the form, do not offer any clear way to refer to them unless a person is trained in the language of mathematics. Design Procedures proposes a way of looking at designs as a procedural enterprise where complex shapes are the result of computational process in a step by step basis.; (cont.) Design Procedures in combination with appropriate descriptions of spatial attributes...

Dynamic interrelationship between technology and architecture in tall buildings

Moon, Kyoung-Sun
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 230 p.
ENG
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The interrelationship between the technology and architecture of tall buildings is investigated from the emergence of tall buildings in the late 19th century to the present. Through the historical research, a filtering concept is developed - original technology and remedial technology - through which one can clearly understand the interrelationship between the technological evolution and architectural esthetic and further stylistic transition of tall buildings. More desirable visions for the future can be constructed based on this concept. Contemporary design practice of tall buildings is reviewed, and design guidelines are provided for new design trends. Investigated in depth are the behavioral characteristics and design methodology for diagrid structures, which emerge as a new direction in the design of tall buildings with their powerful structural rationale and symbolic architectural expression. Moreover, new technologies for tall building structures and facades are developed for performance enhancement through design integration, and their architectural potentials are explored. Special emphasis is placed on the research on the structural dynamic motion control using double skin facades / distributed tuned mass dampers. Design integration among architecture-related disciplines is emphasized throughout the research process as a means to more effectively overcome or at least minimize contemporary technological limitations and to create architecture of higher quality.; (cont.) While each study makes its own contribution theoretically and in a particular design situation...

Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

Michailidis, Melanie
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 414 p.
ENG
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This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic past in new ways specific to each region. Mausolea constructed in the tenth and eleventh centuries have a wide geographical spread across modem Iran and the ex-Soviet Central Asian republics. However, the monuments take two different forms: the tomb tower and the domed square. There are formal and functional differences and a different geographical distribution, with the earliest tomb towers concentrated in the inaccessible Alborz Mountains in northern Iran. This remote region had a very different historical trajectory from that of Central Asia, where the earliest extant domed square mausolea are located. Historians of architecture have often noted that certain features seen in these mausolea have some vague connection with the pre-Islamic past, but this connection has never been precisely defined or explained; I argue that the cultural dynamics which resulted in particular architectural forms were very different in these two regions, so that pre-Islamic Iranian traditions were selectively continued in the Caspian region of northern Iran...

Our ethical nature. Fashion. Architecture. Environment

Quinn McDonagh, Lauren
Fonte: School of Architecture, University of Limerick Publicador: School of Architecture, University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
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non-peer-reviewed; My main interest i s fashion. It always has been. When thinking of how I could begin a thesis in archi tecture I started cutting, folding and pleating a piece of paper as if it were material. Where better to begin than physically changing the state of an obsolete object? It then struck me, fundamentally archi tecture and fashion are the same. We wear clothes to cover our bodies and to stay warm. From the beginning of time animal hides were used for clothing and for their housing just at different scales. The clothing(hide) covers the body and the tent houses the person. One might have to wear certain types of clothing for professional or cultural reasons. Or we may choose a certain way to dress to form our identity. There are various reasons as to why we choose how we dress ourselves, but in most cases it comes down to aesthetics. Today there is certainly no lack of diversity within the clothing empi re with new garments in store every week. Thus Fast fashion is created, surrounded with all i ts ethical problems. Unfortunately their problems not imprinted on the label. I then began to think about the simi larities between the two disciplines(archi tecture and fashion) but also the differences. What can each adopt from one another? The idea of immediacy and obsolescence within the fashion world is something which rarely...

Adaptable architecture : a computational exploration into responsive design systems

Zulas, Alejandro, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 62 p.; 3578396 bytes; 3584206 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Based on the fact that architecture is, among other things, the crystallization of a mediation among design intentions (function), meaning and contextual constraints (performance), we as designers are obligated to produce morphologically flexible & adaptive design solutions; both during the design process and as a final outcome. In that sense this thesis is an open ended exploration of embedding rational adaptability to object design through computational tools. This thesis will speculate on the advantages of thinking architecture in terms of "adaptation" in an action-reaction fashion, evolving from the seed idea of "motion" in architecture but rather pushing and exploring the potential of digitally designed responsive buildings and the dissection of its methodological approach. Empirically, it will look into some of nature's responsive designs, arguing that buildings can be conceptualized as adaptable living organisms. It will also analyze the role of computational tools and programming languages as meaningful mediums that help designers to better understand, set-up, define and re-define design problems. It will argue that more than an automated provider of an endless number of design solution computers can work as a systematic tool...

Celebrating diversity : an exploration into African contributions to Caribbean residential architecture; Exploration into African contributions to Caribbean residential architecture

Harris, Patricia Elaine
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 183 p.; 10247703 bytes; 10272698 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The purpose of this thesis is to document, through observation and research, architectural elements of a culture that have contributed to the development of another. As such it represents a way of thinking about the impact of architecture on culture and of culture on architecture. The len~ for this focus is the contributions of African people brought to the Caribbean during the European Slave Trade (1520's--1860's). As it essentially was a world region where the influence of indigenous people was negligible due to their early demise and general lack of an extensively developed architecture, it may almost be regarded as a 'clean slate' upon which the Europeans and Africans devised an architecture based on climate, materials, and tradition modified by colonization/enslavement. As climate and materials were generally similar to those found in Africa, tradition may be considered the most important aspect of this process and is the basis for this thesis and for the exploration of the following questions: What did Africans do to contribute to the architecture of the Caribbean; how did they say, "We are here?" What may have been present in the physical landscape, built and natural, that gave Africans brought to the New World any sense of familiarity of place in an otherwise alien environment? What are some of their contributions that have survived...

Structuring beyond architecture

Foxe, David M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 214 p.; 41804503 bytes; 41775927 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis explores the layering and negotiation of structural devices in urban settings. Its point of departure is a series of patterns of how structural design and urban design interact and overlap, from which are developed design strategies that encourage differentiation and the ability to accommodate change in the future. Therefore, the thesis traces an approach for growth rather than simply specifying a particular isolated solution to a single local set of conditions: a machine rather than a spare part. The overarching structural challenge which I have investigated as a vehicle for this approach is for foundation systems spanning over shallowly buried subway and highway tunnels at a site adjacent to the Fort Point Channel neighborhood in South Boston. This challenge, facing many cities around the world, provokes the problem of designing and creating the structure of support in these areas to enable more - rather than less - creative spatial possibilities above the ground. The subsequent proposal details a system of linear bundles - high-performance concrete beams rooted down to bedrock, along with utilities, walkways, plantings, open spaces, loading conditions, property rights, and implementation strategies bundled together -; (cont.) as well as the bridges...

The reception and study of Renaissance architecture in Great Britain, 1890-1914

Wheeler, Katherine Jean
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 350 p.
ENG
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The writing of Renaissance architectural history in the period 1890-1914 in Great Britain changed dramatically. Despite modernism's tenet of rejecting history from design, Renaissance architectural history in Great Britain functioned as both an alternative to and a source of inspiration for modernism. At first Renaissance architecture supplied a stylistic alternative to the Gothic Revival; then it acted as a bastion against modernist influences from the Continent. Finally, it provided a foundation of aesthetic principles applicable to modern design. With the advent of university programs in architecture, the writing of architectural history became more formalized, marking the beginning of architectural history's autonomy as a discipline and foreshadowing modernism's rejection of history from the design process. In my dissertation I analyze the perceptions and presentations of Renaissance architecture in order to investigate the relationship between history and design in architectural education, literature, and practice at the turn of the century in Great Britain. An analysis of architectural curricula, designs, and publications from this period reveals the development of an autonomous architectural history and the foundations of a modern architecture.; by Katherine Jean Wheeler.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

The new, the old, the modern : architecture and its representation in socialist Romania, 1955-1965; Architecture and its representation in socialist Romania, 1955-1965

Maxim, Juliana, 1970-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (245 leaves)
ENG
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This dissertation examines how the architectural culture of postwar Romania participated in the socialist regime's attempt to construct a new and collectivist environment. The dissertation works from a close reading of examples drawn from three different domains of architectural practice: the architectural and urban design of the Floreasca housing district in Bucharest; the writings of the architectural historian Grigore Ionescu; and the photography of architecture in the magazine Arhitectura. A consistent set of aesthetic and discursive practices emerged from the interrelation between words, images, and actual buildings in each of these examples: the city as new unit of production, standardization, an attack on subjectivity and individualism, technological essentialism, and abstraction were all attributes of the architecture enlisted by the socialist regime in order to establish and consolidate its ideological identity. The dissertation challenges the received descriptions of the postwar artistic context of the Soviet Bloc as one dominated by anti-modernist tendencies, as well as the complementary assumption that, in Romania, the thriving modernism of the interwar years was brought to an end by the postwar socialist regime.; (cont.) On the contrary...

The periphery within : modern architecture and the making of the Third World; Modern architecture and the making of the Third World

Muzaffar, M. Ijlal (Muhammad Ijlal)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 429 p.
ENG
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This dissertation examines the critical role played by modern architecture and planning in shaping the discourse on Third World development after the Second World War. At stake here is an ignored dimension of the history of modern architecture and planning as well as that of the development discourse that sheds important light on the relationship of both these discourses to the trajectories of global domination and control. Critiques of development have largely focused on how the economic approaches proposed by international institutions such as the World Bank and the UN have favored the financial and political agendas of global industrial powers. This dissertation argues that design practices like architecture and planning-usually thought to be concerned only with shaping the physical environment-have also played a significant role in shaping the key assumptions of the development discourse, from the existence of urbanizing masses caught between demands of tradition and modernization to the exploding Third World city that is unable to manage its emergence into modernity. After the Second World War, as modern architecture began to lose its disciplinary footings as a medium of social reform in the industrialized world, modem architects and planners found tremendous opportunities as "experts" in programs of Third World development. The United Nations Housing Town and Country Planning section (HTCP)...

The Turtle : an American school of architecture : a radical mediocracy; American school of architecture : a radical mediocracy

Berríos Negrón, Luis Rafael, 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 103 p.; 8220991 bytes; 8226620 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis evolves as a curatorial exercise with three phases: revisiting the practical and aesthetic position of the architecture thesis, structuring a design environment within MIT for fellow thesis candidates, leading to the development of a 1:1 test case - the Turtle. The Turtle will transport past student theses while also serving as a remote "pin-up" review space. The unit travels through and out of campus, in order to place greater publicity on the output of MIT both within and beyond the Institute. This provides theses candidates with a prop for their respective presentations allowing for more informed contributions to the MIT School of Architecture. The Turtle ultimately aims to serve as cultural equipment towards informing a broader sphere of knowledge that becomes more accessible to the contemporary architecture student, their critics/consultants, and their respective audiences. Considering MIT's digital thesis search engine, D-Space, these additional terms are addressed: a new type of specialist, authorship, collaboration, collective imagination, communication, digital, Venturi's duck, education, endless, fact, faction, fear, fiction, Gehry's fish, hegemony, human, infinite, interference, knowledge, lack of knowledge, learning...

Mediterraneità and modernità : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa; Architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa

McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 598 p.; 75764776 bytes; 75764535 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a projection of the metropolitan context, this research reverses this relationship by examining how colonialism was crucial to the formation of modernity. The focus of this investigation has been the appropriation of indigenous Libyan constructions by Italian architects working in this region - an appropriation that was justified by the contention that this culture was Mediterranean. The incorporation of these vernacular buildings within a Mediterranean tradition was a means of designating their modernity. It was also a method for these architects to efface the Arab content of these sources by creating a broader geographical category whose identity was Italian. This general theme has been structured around three distinct but interrelated topics of investigation, with the objective being to create a more complex understanding of this phenomenon. These topics are; the discourse on modernity in Italian architecture in magazines and publications and its intersection with the prospects for a modern colonial architecture, the "politics of representation" of the indigenous culture of Italy's colonies in exhibitions and fairs in Italy and abroad...

Architecture theory, 1960-1980 : emergence of a computational perspective

Rocha, Altino João Magalhães, 1968-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 175 leaves; 13750835 bytes; 13772574 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis attempts to clarify the need for an appreciation of architecture theory within a computational architectural domain. It reveals and reflects upon some of the cultural, historical and technological contexts that influenced the emergence of a computational practice in architecture. To carry out this new reading, we focus on the pioneering research that underpinned the beginnings of the relationship between architecture and computation and which was carried out at four research Centres both in the UK and in the USA: The Land Use and Built Form Studies [LUBFS], founded at Cambridge, UK; The Center for Configurational Studies at the Open University, Milton Keynes; The Architecture Machine Group [AMG] at MIT, and the Design Research Center [DRC] at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA. Moreover this thesis reinterprets the role of Leslie Martin as the founding father of LUBFS by showing the influence of the British physicist Desmond Bernal's building science research and the British avant-garde movement on Martin's work. This thesis also presents reflections on how best to use computation in architecture.; by Altino João Magalhães Rocha.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2004.; Leaf 175 blank.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 162-175).

FLUX : adaptable architecture for a dynamic society; Adaptable architecture for a dynamic society

Greene, Aaron Steven Wendel, 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 103, [1] p.; 9231236 bytes; 9243527 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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(cont.) Perhaps a more functional architecture that is kinetic, transformable, capable of disengagement, and reassembly could keep up with the occupants' need to have multiple programs taking place in one space, maintain economy, and alleviate the over use of energy and resources.; Contemporary society is being re-defined by continuous travel and motion, resulting in the collapse of time and space--the origins of globalization, and infinite, never ceasing data transfer; both of which have propelled us into the Information Age. The resulting cultures are hybrid, more complex, and always transforming. As corporations and communities continue to expand and contract, re-locate, emerge, and vanish, their need to be capable of adapting is increasing. On Monday, the client desires a mid-rise building with an open floor plan on all levels. The following Wednesday, his company's stock has gone through the roof and his financial advisors suggest a mixed use facility, with retail space on the lower three levels and ten extra floors of office space. By Friday, his architect will have designed a sky-scrapper. These fast pace changing needs, the various forms of infrastructure that facilitate transfer, and evolving technology confront architects with a major question. Can architecture become flexible...

The rhetoric of architecture and the language of pleasure : the maison de plaisance in eighteen-century France

Liss, Alyson Jacqueline
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 155 leaves; 34884907 bytes; 34884336 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis investigates the history of the petite maison (otherwise known as a little house) in eighteenth-century France. In particular, I focus on a popular libertine novella written in 1758 by Jean-Francois de Bastide entitled appropriately enough La Petite maison. In the novella, Bastide conflates concepts of vice and virtue in his descriptions of the little house. By doing so, the author set into play a terminological confusion of meaning that rendered the house as a problem that required a resolution. This thesis tracks the resolution of the ambiguous meaning of the little house in the work of the late eighteenth-century architect Claude-Nicolas Ledoux. I look at three different projects by Ledoux in order to trace how he transformed the "little house" as a literary trope illustrated by the author Bastide into a country house architectural typology. The first project discussed is a built music pavilion designed for fetes, entertainments and pleasures at Louveciennes for the mistress of Louis XV named Madame du Barry. The second project is an imagined house for a Marchande de modes (woman milliner tailor) represented in Ledoux's treatise entitled Architecture considered in relation to art, mores, and legislation, published in 1804.; (cont.) The third imagined project...

Tactility and architecture : Peter Zumthor's Thermal baths in Vals and the hybridization of the two motifs of tactility-materiality and movement; Peter Zumthor's Thermal baths in Vals and the hybridization of the two motifs of tactility-materiality and movement

Lee, Tonghoon, 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 72 leaves
ENG
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Tactility holds a unique position in modem architectural discourse. Oftentimes, it has been evoked "as an alternative to two-dimensional vision. However, the notion of tactility sometimes denotes ambiguous and often conflicting meanings. Since the 1970s, tactility has been mainly associated with a series of phenomenological notions such as place, rooted-ness, corporeality, intimacy, sensuousness, and craftsmanship. The noted Swiss architect, Peter Zumthor (b.1943), follows in this vein by conceptualizing tactility in terms of intimate contact between the occupant's bodily organs and the surfaces of architecture. The characteristics of Zumthor's architecture cannot, however, be exhausted by these considerations. I argue that his buildings are just as exceptional in terms of their spatial conception as they are in their material realization. In this sense, Zumthor's emphasis on "tactility" in his architecture does not do justice to his own buildings. To fully appreciate them, this thesis attempts to go beyond a mere equivalency between tactility and appreciation of surface to develop a richer and more complex notion of tactility. I will argue that more seminal, spatial conceptions of tactility can be found in modem aesthetic discourse...