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Avaliação como construção social: investigação apreciativa; Evaluation as social construction: appreciative inquiry

SOUZA, Laura Vilela e; MCNAMEE, Sheila; SANTOS, Manoel Antônio dos
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.3%
O presente artigo tem por objetivo delinear uma visão da avaliação como um processo, no qual aspectos positivos e generativos do contexto interativo podem ser explorados. Introduz-se a Investigação Apreciativa como uma abordagem válida e útil para a avaliação em diversos contextos. Ancorado no discurso construcionista social, a Investigação Apreciativa é apresentada como uma alternativa de avaliação promotora de mudanças em diversos cenários. A Investigação Apreciativa, como uma estratégia de avaliação, tem sido utilizada em variados contextos e culturas, mas ainda é pouco conhecida em nosso país como uma metodologia de avaliação e pesquisa.; In this article we propose a view of evaluation as a process where positive and generative aspects of the interactive context are explored. Drawing on a social constructionist discourse, Appreciative Inquiry is presented as an alternative form of evaluation that promotes change. The use of Appreciative Inquiry as a strategy of evaluation has been used in different contexts and cultures, yet is not widely known in Brazil, as a research and evaluation methodology. This article attempts to introduce Appreciative Inquiry as a valid and useful approach of evaluation in different contexts.; CNPq

Criação de comunidade de prática como instrumento para o aprendizado organizacional; Creating communities of practice as a tool for organizational learning

Miranda, Roberto Campos da Rocha; Tarapanoff, Kira; Duarte, Gabriela Alves
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.78%
A criação de Comunidades de Prática é uma realidade para as organizações que adotaram a Gestão do Conhecimento e incentivam a permuta de experiências e conhecimentos entre seus colaboradores. Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar a experiência de criação de Comunidades de Prática no Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia, IBICT, a partir de sua concepção teórica, metodológica e operacional. A abordagem adotada na fase de implantação foi a aprendizagem situada (situated cognition), tendo como sustentação metodológica, em sua fase de sensibilização, a Investigação Apreciativa ( appreciative inquiry) e a Metodologia de Sistemas Flexíveis (Soft Systems Methodology). A dinâmica da criação das comunidades de prática fundamentou-se no treinamento intensivo em paralelo com a pesquisa--ação para a simultânea implantação das comunidades de prática idealizadas. O software adotado para o gerenciamento e comunicação das comunidades de prática foi o Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment). O Moodle foi concebido em código aberto, tem linguagem de fácil desenvolvimento (PHP), que permite a adequação do ambiente às necessidades da organização e apresenta um conjunto de módulos que favorece a avaliação da participação dos integrantes das comunidades de prática. Como resultado...

Psicologia organizacional positiva: estudo de caso e proposta de intervenção

Martins, Anabela Tavares de Carvalho Sachombele
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.78%
Trabalho de Projeto submetido como requisito parcial para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia Social e Organizacional; Historicamente, a Psicologia preocupou-se em investigar patologias, negligenciado os aspetos saudáveis dos seres humanos. Mas, a partir de 1998, assumindo a presidência da American Psychological Association, Seligman iniciou movimento denominado Psicologia Positiva, que visa oferecer nova abordagem às potencialidades e virtudes humanas, estudando as condições e processos que contribuem para a prosperidade dos indivíduos e comunidades. Com o aparecimento de estudos sobre os fenómenos positivos na vida das pessoas, o movimento da psicologia positiva rapidamente se estendeu para os estudos do comportamento humano nas organizações. A aplicação da psicologia positiva nas organizações divide-se em duas grandes áreas: o estudo organizacional positivo, sobre os processos e estados positivos no contexto das organizações e resultados associados; e o comportamento organizacional positivo, sobre o estudo das capacidades psicológicas que tem influência no desempenho no local de trabalho. Neste contexto é de referir o Inquérito Apreciativo como um método de grande relevância cuja aplicação potencia o crescimento organizacional. Na linha de dar continuidade ao percurso da psicologia positiva nas organizações apresentamos um estudo de natureza qualitativa...

Concepções e razões de felicidade de pessoas a viver em condições de pobreza: Um estudo exploratório com beneficiários de rendimento social de inserção dos Açores

Balancho, Maria Leonor Janeiro Segurado de Falé
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.78%
Tese de Doutoramento em Psicologia Educacional; Teoricamente enquadrado no modelo recente da psicologia positiva, e suportando-se metodologicamente no Inquérito Apreciativo e na terapia Breve Centrada nas Soluções, este estudo utilizou a entrevista semi-estruturada para recolher dados junto de 65 pessoas, 40 mulheres e 25 homens residentes nos Açores, a viverem abaixo do limiar de pobreza, e na sua quase totalidade beneficiários do Rendimento Social de Inserção. De acordo com as narrativas recolhidas e analisadas, o estudo veio a concluir que a felicidade se encontra sobretudo dependente das relações sociais, de onde se destacam as familiares positivas, mais do que das condições materiais. Assim, tal como a literatura no domínio tem vindo a mostrar, os aspectos psicológicos e sociais associam-se à luta pelos materiais para completar o quadro amplo do que é a experiência de “superviver” no limiar da pobreza. Aqueles acabam por sobressair deste estudo como uma força reconhecida e investida pelos participantes, que apesar das condições difíceis de vida parecem sobrecompensar intencionalmente essas vulnerabilidades, lutando pela sua felicidade com estratégias afectivas, cognitivas, relacionais e espirituais, considerando-se mesmo...

Beyond the Didactic Classroom: Educational Models to Encourage Active Student Involvement in Learning

Shreeve, Michael W.
Fonte: Data Trace Publishing Company Publicador: Data Trace Publishing Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
In a chiropractic college that utilizes a hybrid curriculum model composed of adult-based learning strategies along with traditional lecture-based course delivery, a literature search for educational delivery methods that would integrate the affective domain and the cognitive domain of learning provided some insights into the use of problem-based learning (PBL), experiential learning theory (ELT), and the emerging use of appreciative inquiry (AI) to enhance the learning experience. The purpose of this literature review is to provide a brief overview of key components of PBL, ELT, and AI in educational methodology and to discuss how these might be used within the chiropractic curriculum to supplement traditional didactic lecture courses. A growing body of literature describes the use of PBL and ELT in educational settings across many disciplines, both at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The use of appreciative inquiry as an instructional methodology presents a new area for exploration and study in the academic environment. Educational research in the chiropractic classroom incorporating ELT and appreciative inquiry might provide some valuable insights for future curriculum development.

Comunicação e trabalho: as (im)possibilidades da investigação apreciativa

Dutra, Myriam Cadorin
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
PORTUGUêS
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.78%
Este trabalho de pesquisa constitui-se num estudo em torno da relação entre Comunicação e Trabalho, na qual o sujeito e sua forma de linguagem, no processo de trabalho, é o ponto de articulação. De construção transdisciplinar, teve como objetivos investigar, buscando evidências, como/se a Investigação Apreciativa (im)possibilita a estruturação de campos de ressonância mórfica, compreendendo como acontece sua dinâmica - que considera outros paradigmas e se move a partir de ações como descobrir, sonhar, desenhar e executar – e discutindo sua capacidade de interferir (ou não) na evolução de conhecimentos por ressonância em campos mórficos. Todo o trabalho de campo foi desenvolvido a partir de um estudo de caso na empresa Nutrimental, construído sob a ótica metodológica do Paradigma da Complexidade. A Investigação Apreciativa, como um modo de viabilização estratégica, tem em seu escopo um processo de construção de entendimentos coletivos, pela dinâmica de interações propositivas que é capaz – ou não - de instituir. Dessa dinâmica podem emergir competências por relações intersubjetivas, produto de conversas de, no e sobre o trabalho, as quais sustentam uma competência coletiva, como uma mente grupal...

The Development of a Mentoring Program for a Local Public Health Agency

Blasko, Stephanie A
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Project
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.78%
Mentoring programs have many advantages for the agency, mentor, and protégé. The focus of this project is a Local Public Health Agency [LPHA; pseudonym] that is experiencing the attrition of many top executives. The purpose of this project was to develop a plan for implementation of a formal, organization-wide mentorship program for the LPHA. Appreciative Inquiry is recommended as an organizational development (OD) tool to design the mentorship program. Appreciative Inquiry is a positive approach to organizational development that seeks out success stories to build a positive future reality. In addition, organizational readiness is assessed to determine the extent which the agency is ready to implement a new program. A program planning framework is described as a means to develop the mentoring program. The framework provides step-by-step guidance for program development to ensure important steps are not overlooked that could jeopardize the success of the program. Finally, Adaptive Mentorship® is recommended as a framework for designing the mentoring program. Adaptive Mentorship is based on the premise that the mentor adapts his or her mentoring behaviour to match that developmental level of the protégé.

Riffing on a Theme: Faculty Experiences With Service-Learning in a Food Security Research Network in Ontario

Harrison, Barbara
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.04%
While service-learning is often said to be beneficial for all those involved—students, community members, higher education institutions, and faculty members—there are relatively few studies of the attraction to, and effect of, service-learning on faculty members. Existing studies have tended to use a survey design, and to be based in the United States. There is a lack of information on faculty experiences with service-learning in Ontario or Canada. This qualitative case study of faculty experiences with service-learning was framed through an Appreciative Inquiry social constructionist approach. The data were drawn from interviews with 18 faculty members who belong to a Food Security Research Network (FSRN) at a university in northern Ontario, reports submitted by the network, and personal observation of a selection of network-related events. This dissertation study revealed how involvement with service-learning created opportunities for faculty learning and growth. The focus on food security and a commitment to the sustainability of local food production was found to be an ongoing attraction to service-learning and a means to engage in and integrate research and teaching on matters of personal and professional importance to these faculty members. The dissertation concludes with a discussion of the FSRN’s model and the perceived value of a themed...

Dialogic democracy meets command and control: Transformation through the Appreciative Inquiry Summit

Powley, Edward H.; Fry, Ronald E.; Barrett, Frank J.; Bright, David S.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.04%
This article describes how managers and executives can use Appreciative Inquiry (AI) to promote democratic organizing to involve multiple stakeholders and generate strategic policy. Planned, temporary spaces where democratic organizing can occur may benefit and enhance the change capacity of command and control cultures without replacing or discounting basic organizing structures. We describe democratic organizing in the context of the Appreciative Inquiry Summit, a large-system change initiative that uses dialogic democratic processes to inspire positive change. A case study of ongoing AI Summits within the United States Navy offers an example democratic organizing in a command and control environment. We suggest that within a temporarily organized space like the AI Summit, normative consciousness, holistic coUegiality, and communal conviction are key principles of democratic organizing. These design principles not only foster organizational democracy, but they also promote effective and collaborative relationships across organizational levels and functional boundaries well after the intervention has ended.

Comparing Appreciative Inqiury to a Problem-Centered Technique in Organizational Development: An Experiment

Sekerka, Leslie E.; Brumbaugh, Anne M.; Rosa, Jose Antonio; Cooperrider, David
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.13%
Scholars and practitioners typically view organizational development and change from two very different starting points. A diagnostic intervention begins with an examination of problems to assess and correct dysfunction. This process has a history of success, with decades of theory and practice to support its use. However, an alternative has emerged with popularity. Appreciative Inquiry targets the organization's strengths and draws upon them as a resource for change. An experiment was conducted to compare the first phase of each approach to understand how initial experiences in each process impacts employees. Results show Appreciative Inquiry leads to positive emotion, favorable view of self, and desired perceptions, but the diagnostic approach also leads to desired perceptions. Gender moderates effects in unexpected ways.

The introduction of appreciative inquiry to the U.S. Navy using appreciative inquiry interviews and the large group intervention with applications to U.S. Marine Corps Logistics Strategic Management

Tripp, Paul B.; Zipsie, Mark W.; Tripp, Paul B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Thesis; Thesis Formato: xvi, 228 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.2%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis documents the introduction of the Appreciative Inquiry (AI) within the U.S. Navy and discusses applications of the Appreciative Inquiry based Large Group Intervention (AI-LGI) within Marine Corps Logistics strategic planning, implementation, and organizational change. It is a follow on from David Nystrom's thesis "360-Degree Feedback, Leadership, Leadership Development, Performance Appraisal". Unlike traditional top down and bottom up strategies that seek to identify and analyze problems in systems, AI evaluates what gives life to organizations at their best moments by using the power of positive questioning. When combined with a Large Group Intervention, AI is a powerful tool to affect rapid organizational change. This thesis introduces AI, discusses its history, and describes the history of change efforts within the Navy. The thesis documents events leading up to and including the "Leadership Summit", to include introduction of AI within the U.S. Navy and qualitative analysis of stories that address issues of leadership. It discusses Financial Management implications of implementing this process and describes using AI-LGIs within the strategic management process as a tool for facilitating rapid and collaborative organizational change within Marine Corps Logistics.; Captain...

O encontro com a ajuda mútua: percepções dos pais de crianças com doença crónica

Charepe, Zaida Borges
Fonte: Universidade Aberta de Portugal Publicador: Universidade Aberta de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 2628249 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Comunicação em Saúde apresentada à Universidade Aberta; Com este estudo pretendemos explorar as percepções dos pais de crianças com doença crónica, face às actividades usufruídas em dois anos de funcionamento do grupo de amigos e pais da criança com doença crónica, do Hospital de São Bernardo, S.A. Para tal realizamos um estudo qualitativo, com um paradigma interpretativo utilizando como abordagem metodológica os pressupostos teóricos do Inquérito Apreciativo: o princípio construcionista, o da simultaneidade, o poético, o imaginário e o apreciativo. A selecção desta metodologia recaiu na premissa de que através de questões apreciativas, podem ser recreados os desejos dos membros do grupo de ajuda mútua, despertando o seu potencial criativo com vista a uma mudança mais positiva das suas actividades. Na procura de elementos teóricos que suportassem esta temática, abordámos a família, os pais e a doença crónica da criança e os conceitos referentes à ajuda mútua, incluindo um breve historial do grupo em análise. Para a recolha de dados foi utilizada uma amostra não probabilística (de conveniência ou intencional) e realizadas 10 entrevistas estruturadas, tendo como finalidade obter respostas para a seguinte questão de investigação: Como é que os pais das crianças com doença crónica têm percepcionado as actividades do grupo de amigos e pais da criança com doença crónica...

Modelo da análise para solução de desafios com base no design thinking e na investigação apreciativa : uma aplicação em uma rede de franquias

Ferro, Gláucia de Salles
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Paraná Publicador: Universidade Federal do Paraná
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 130f. : il. algumas color., grafs., tabs.; application/pdf
PORTUGUêS
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
Orientador: Prof. Dr. Adriano Heemann; Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Artes, Comunicação e Design, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Design. Defesa: Curitiba, 28/11/2014; Inclui referências; Área de concentração : Design gráfico e de produto; Resumo: Numa rede de franquias, a relação franqueador-franqueados envolve, entre outras demandas, a transferência de know-how e o alcance da melhoria contínua das operações empresariais. Neste contexto, práticas de gestão que visam um processo colaborativo de longo prazo são desejáveis. Ao mesmo tempo, os complexos processos operacionais fazem com que soluções criativas visando a solução de desafios rotineiros, deixem de ser incentivadas. Assim, esta dissertação investiga, por meio da pesquisa exploratória e da Investigação Apreciativa, como o Design Thinking pode contribuir para a melhoria da colaboração entre franqueador e franqueados. Num primeiro momento é realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sistemática que visa a identificação de outras pesquisas envolvendo os temas Design Thinking, método de Investigação Apreciativa, colaboração e franquias. Em seguida foi aplicada uma pesquisa preliminar, por meio de respostas qualitativas e entrevista. Os respondentes foram gestores de uma empresa franqueadora do setor de serviços de beleza e de duas unidades de franquias. O objetivo foi de se mapear o pensamento dominante. Na sequência...

Appreciative evaluation of restorative approaches in schools

Bevington, Terence
Fonte: Universidade de Cambridge Publicador: Universidade de Cambridge
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.94%
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Taylor & Francis via http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02643944.2015.1046475; A restorative approach to conflict is being increasingly applied in schools around the world. Existing evaluation evidence has tended to focus on the impact on quantifiable outcomes such as number of behaviour incidents and rates of attendance and exclusion. This case-study aimed to broaden the evidence base to capture a richer picture of the implementation and impact of restorative approaches from the perspective of a selection of staff in one inner-London primary school. The study adopted Appreciative Inquiry as the evaluation methodology in order to engage the participants in a meaningful and educative evaluation process. The staff reported with honesty and insight on the complexities of adopting restorative practice in their busy and demanding work context. They identified when, how and why restorative practice works well at their school. The outcomes reported include the impact of RA on climate for learning, life skills, emotional literacy, behaviour and relationships more broadly, and more specifically the impact on speaking, listening, thinking and conflict resolution skills. They equally reported on when and why it is not always either possible or appropriate to engage in a restorative response to conflict. The findings of this evaluation highlight the importance of congruence between the values...

Using Appreciative Inquiry (AI) to evaluate an education support NGO in Soweto

Fynn,Angelo
Fonte: Psychology in Society Publicador: Psychology in Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.13%
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the application of the Appreciative Inquiry (AI) approach while evaluating an emerging Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) in Soweto, South Africa. The AI approach was originally introduced as an organisational development tool intended to shift the focus from deficit-based evaluation to an appreciative stance that considered the organisation when it functioned at its peak. The use of this approach was motivated by the belief that it would provide emerging NGOs with an acknowledged method of implementing their development agendas in the face of donor or governmental organisational resistance. While the AI approach intends to provide a broad platform for stakeholder interaction, the experience of this study was that it requires a significant amount of political resources to include stakeholders from outside the organisation to participate actively. Our experience of the AI approach was that it seems to be difficult to implement in an environment where there are low levels of trust and cohesion among the stakeholders. The paper concludes with suggestions for researchers, especially novice researchers, entering the field with the intention of utilising AI in the Soweto context.

'n Waardering vir die positiewe! Waarderende betrokkenheid as 'n gemeentelike- en pastorale lens

Schoeman,Kobus; van den Berg,Jan Albert
Fonte: HTS Theological Studies Publicador: HTS Theological Studies
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 AF
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.03%
An appreciation for the positive! Appreciative engagement as congregational process and congregational- and pastoral lens The traditional approach of only solving what is wrong is challenged by newer perspectives emphasising the meaning of an appreciation for the positive. The possible meaning of this alternative perspective for the development of a relevant positive practical theology was explored in investigating the possible meaning of the methodology of appreciative inquiry. The benefit of this model, for congregational studies and pastoral ministry amongst others, was investigated, described and illustrated with a case study. After a critical evaluation of the methodology of appreciative inquiry, suggestions for the development of a relevant positive practical theology, incorporating an appreciation for the positive in an appreciative engagement were mapped.

Using appreciative inquiry to transform student nurses' image of nursing

Chauke,Motshedisi E.; Van Der Wal,Dirk; Botha,Annalie
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.2%
INTRODUCTION: Literature provides adequate evidence of a poor perception of nursing within the profession, resulting in high rates of attrition of student nurses and newly qualified nurses. The nursing profession, in particular nurse educators, has an ethical and professional responsibility to find innovative strategies to promote the positive image of nursing amongst student nurses PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the potential of appreciative inquiry (AI) as an intervention teaching strategy to transform student nurses' image of nursing DESIGN: A quantitative, quasi-experimental, explorative-descriptive design comprising the pretest, appreciative inquiry as intervention, and the post-test was used METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to select third and fourth year college and university student nurses in the Gauteng province of South Africa for the pre- and the post-test respectively. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire and analysed by SPSS version 20.0 FINDINGS: The pretest results revealed a mix of positive and negative perceptions of the image of nursing amongst student nurses. The negative perceptions of the image of nursing that needed intervention included the working conditions of nurses, and the perception of nursing as a profession that was not respected and appreciated. The post-test results showed a significant and positive change in the student nurses' perception of the image of nursing as a respected and appreciated profession. Although AI resulted in a negative to positive change in some aspects of student nurses' image of nursing...

The value of the pre-hospital learning environment as part of the emergency nursing programme

van Wyk,Sonett; Heyns,Tanya; Coetzee,Isabel
Fonte: Health SA Gesondheid (Online) Publicador: Health SA Gesondheid (Online)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses enrolled in a post-basic emergency nursing programme presented at a tertiary nursing education institution in South Africa are placed in different clinical learning environments to reach the set clinical outcomes and gain appropriate clinical experience. These students are placed in the hospital environment (emergency department and critical care unit) and pre-hospital environment (road ambulance services) to ensure they gain the necessary clinical exposure in order to learn the relevant and necessary skills and knowledge which in turn will help them become safe and independent emergency nurse practitioners. Controversy about the value of placing emergency nursing students in the pre-hospital environment has raised questions from specifically the private healthcare sector. During the pre-hospital placement, emergency nursing students are absent from the hospital environment which is costly and, according to the healthcare services, unnecessary. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the views of the emergency nurse students regarding the value of rotating through the pre-hospital learning environment during an emergency nursing programme. METHODS: A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual research design using an Appreciative Inquiry approach was used to collect the data. Through purposive sampling a total of 45 emergency nursing students participated. Data was collected by means of self-reported Appreciative Inquiry interview guides and individual Appreciative Inquiry interviews. The data was analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: Four major themes were identified: an unpredictable environment...

Creating intentionally inviting schools through professional development: An appreciative inquiry

Steyn,G.M.
Fonte: Koers Publicador: Koers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.04%
The professional development (PD) of teachers plays an important role in schools; it is indispensable for continuous school development. When schools are exposed to new approaches to learning and teaching, teachers are granted the opportunities to change their thinking and behaviour. In 2009, two South African schools with specific inviting characteristics were nominated for the inviting school award given by the International Alliance for Invitational Education (IAIE). However, the inviting characteristics of these schools were not explicitly intentional according to the IE philosophy, therefore they had to follow a professional development programme aimed at raising teachers' awareness of invitational education (IE). Workshops were held to equip staff members with IE knowledge and skills, and to increase their understanding of their current practices with a view of making them more intentionally inviting. The study focused on the following two questions: What are the positive experiences of teaching staff concerning the current approach to teaching and learning in schools?; and What strategies may be introduced to assist teachers and their schools in becoming intentionally inviting? These two questions are based on appreciative inquiry (AI) and IE. A qualitative research design was most appropriate for the purpose of this study. An analysis of the data revealed two categories (the discovery phase: discovering the best of what exists in the school and the dreaming phase: creating a new future) on which AI is based.

Towards a workplace conducive to the career advancement of women

Lewis-Enright,Karen; Crafford,Anne; Crous,Freddie
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
The aim of this study was to start designing a workplace conducive to women's career advancement. Appreciative inquiry was selected as an appropriate methodology, given the slow progress that has been made in addressing gender equality at work. Seventeen men and women working in the finance division of a large organisation were invited to participate in an appreciative inquiry workshop. This was followed by interviews with four leadership team members. While no original ideas or solutions emerged from the interventions, participants of the appreciative inquiry process demonstrated a shift in thinking, more positive emotional responses, a shared vision for the future and improved willingness to assume accountability for change.