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Antifungal effect of lavender honey against Candida albicans, Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans

Estevinho, Leticia M.; Afonso, Sílvia Marlene Esteves; Feás, Xesús
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
Monofloral lavender honey samples (n=30), were analyzed to test antifungal effect against Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Cryptococcus neoformans. The specific growth rates (μ) showed that all the yeast growths were reduced in the presence of honey. The honey concentration (% w/v) that inhibited 10% of the yeasts growth (Xmin) ranged from 31.0% (C. albicans), 16.8% (C. krusei) and 23.0% (C. neoformans). A synthetic honey solution was also tested to determine antifungal activity attributable to sugars. The presence of synthetic honey in the C. krusei culture medium at concentrations above 58.0% (w/v) was established as Xmin, while C. albicans and C. neoformans were more resistant, since Xmin values were not reached over the ranged tested (10–60%, w/v). What the data suggests is that the component in the lavender honey responsible for the observed antifungal in vitro properties is not sugar based. Honey might be tapped as a natural resource to look for new medicines for the treatment of mycotic infections. This could be very useful, onsidering the increasing resistance of antifungals. It should be noticed that this is the first study concerning the effect of lavender honey on the growth of pathogenic yeasts.

A survey of the in vitro antifungal activity of heather (Erica sp.) organic honey

Feás, Xesús; Estevinho, Leticia M.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Monofloral heather (Erica sp.) honey samples (n = 89), harvested in Portugal according to European organic beekeeping rules, were analyzed to test their antifungal effect against Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Cryptococcus neoformans. A synthetic honey solution was also tested to determine antifungal activity attributable to sugars. The specific growth rate (l) values showed that growth of all the yeasts was reduced in the presence of honey. The honey concentration (% wt/vol) that inhibited 10% of the yeast growth (Xmin) was 13.5% for C. albicans, 20.5% for C. krusei, and 17.1% for C. neoformans. The respective concentrations of heather honey and synthetic honey in the C. krusei culture medium above 60% (wt/vol) that inhibited 90% of the yeast growth (Xmax) and Xmin, respectively, were established, whereas C. albicans and C. neoformans were more resistant because Xmax values were not reached over the range tested (10–60%, wt/vol). Heather honey might be tapped as a natural resource to look for new medicines for the treatment of mycotic infections. Further studies are now required to demonstrate if this antifungal activity has any clinical application.

Antifungal applications of Ag-decorated hydroxyapatite nanoparticles

Zamperini, C. A.; André, R. S.; Longo, V. M.; Mima, E. G.; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo; Machado, A. L.; Varela, José Arana; Longo, Elson
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Pure hydroxyapatite (HA) and hydroxyapatite decorated with silver (HA@Ag) nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized. The antifungal effect of HA@Ag nanoparticles in a distilled water solution was evaluated against Candida albicans. The origin of the antifungal activity of the HA@Ag is also discussed. The results obtained showed that the HA nanorod morphology remained the same with Ag ions decorations on the HA structure which were deposited in the form of nanospheres. Interaction where occurred between the structure and its defect density variation in the interfacial HA@Ag and intrafacial HA region with the fungal medium resulted in antifungal activity. The reaction mechanisms involved oxygen and water adsorption which formed an active complex cluster. The decomposition and desorption of the final products as well as the electron/hole recombination process have an important role in fungicidal effects. © 2013 C. A. Zamperini et al.

Antifungal activity of extracts and isolated compounds from Buchenavia tomentosa on Candida albicans and non-albicans

Teodoro, Guilherme R.; Brighenti, Fernanda L.; Delbem, Alberto C. Botazzo; Delbem, Ádina Cléia B.; Khouri, Sonia; Gontijo, Aline Vidal L.; Pascoal, Aislan C. R.F.; Salvador, Marcos J.; Koga-Ito, Cristiane Y.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 917-927
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of Buchenavia tomentosa extract and bioactive compounds on six Candida species. Materials & methods: The antimicrobial activity of extract was evaluated using standard strains and clinical isolates. Cytotoxicity was tested in order to evaluate cell damage caused by the extract. Extract was chemically characterized and the antifungal activity of its compounds was evaluated. Results: Extract showed antifungal activity on Candida species. Candida non-albicans were more susceptible than Candida albicans. Low cytotoxicity for extract was observed. The isolated compounds presented antifungal activity at least against one Candida spp. and all compounds presented antifungal effect on Candida glabrata. Conclusion: Extracts from Buchenavia tomentosa showed promising antifungal activity on Candida species with low cytotoxicity. Gallic acid, corilagin and ellagic acid showed promising inhibitory activity on Candida glabrata.

Extração de compostos com ação antifúngica de folhas secas de senna reticulata; Extraction of antifungal compounds from dried leaves of senna reticulata

Max Adilson Lima Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Madeiras sofrem ataques de fungos que comprometem a sua resistência e valor de mercado, levando a indústria madeireira a buscar fungicidas capazes de reduzir as perdas no setor. Nesse contexto, a espécie Senna reticulata aparece como possibilidade promissora, pois estudos preliminares revelaram a existência de substâncias, ainda não identificadas, em diferentes partes dessa planta com atividade fungicida e/ou fungistática. Assim, o presente trabalho objetivou a obtenção de compostos antifúngicos a partir de folhas secas de S. reticulata por extração convencional e supercrítica. Estudou-se o efeito da temperatura, pH, força iônica e tipo de solvente (água, etanol e composição destes) sobre a concentração de compostos fenólicos e proteínas nos extratos produzidos em tanque agitado. Na extração supercrítica, estudou-se o efeito da pressão e da temperatura sobre a concentração de compostos fenólicos nos extratos. Na extração convencional a composição do solvente, temperatura e pH apresentaram efeito sobre a concentração de compostos fenólicos e proteínas nos extratos. Para a extração supercrítica, o rendimento dos extratos foi afetado pela pressão do sistema. No entanto, o extrato com o menor rendimento em massa teve o maior teor de compostos fenólicos. Nos testes de atividade antifúngica...

Antifungal activity of natural extracts from Northeastern Portuguese flowers against Candida biofilms

Alves, Carlos; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Barros, Lillian; Silva, Sónia Carina; Oliveira, Rosário; Henriques, Mariana
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
In healthy individuals, many species of Candida are endogenous commensals of the gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts. However, the prevalence of opportunistic fungal infections (candidosis) has been increasing dramatically over the recent decades and this is particularly evident in immunocompromised individuals. The importance of candidosis is the potential synergistic effect on virulence and subsequent difficulties encountered in treatment. Moreover, a major virulence factor of Candida is its ability to adapt to a variety of different habitats and the consequent formation of surface attached microbial communities known as biofilms. The resistance of Candida biofilms to antifungal agents was first demonstrated by Hawser et al., 1995. Although most episodes of candidosis are attributed to C. albicans, nowadays non-Candida albicans Candida (NCAC), such as C. glabrata, C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis have emerged as important pathogens and tend to be inherently less susceptible to commonly used antifungal agents. So, in the last years the interest in natural compounds has increased, specifically some phenolic extracts which have been known in folk medicine as antimicrobial agents. Thus, this work aimed to preform a screening of the antifungal potential of phenolic extracts from Castanea sativa...

Antifungal activity of phenolic compounds identified in flowers from the North Eastern Portugal against Candida species

Alves, Carlos; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Barros, Lillian; Silva, Sónia Carina; Azeredo, Joana; Henriques, Mariana
Fonte: Future Medicine Ltd. Publicador: Future Medicine Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
Aim: To evaluate the antifungal effect of gallic acid, catechin, luteolin and quercetin, phenolic compounds identified from flowers of the North Eastern Portugal, against Candida planktonic and biofilm cells. Materials and Methods: The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were determined in Candida planktonic cells and the effect of phenolic compounds on Candida biofilms was assessed through quantification by colony forming units (CFUs). Results: MIC values demonstrated that gallic acid presented the highest effect against the all Candida species. Catechin showed a similar effect against C. albicans ATCC 90028cells. Additionally, gallic acid and quercetin had demonstrated only a minimum effect against Candida species biofilms. Conclusions: Gallic acid affected the growth of the different planktonic Candida species in all concentrations used, still catechin showed a similar effect against C. albicans ATCC 90028and C. glabrata ATCC 2001cells.Additionally, only gallic acid and quercetin demonstrated a slight effect against all Candida species biofilms.

Antifungal activity of silver colloidal nanoparticles against phytopathogenic fungus (Phomopsis sp.) in soybean seeds

Mendes, João Espregueira; Abrunhosa, Luís; Teixeira, J. A.; Camargo, E. R.; Souza, C. P. de; Pessoa, J. D. C.
Fonte: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Publicador: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Among the many promising nanomaterials with antifungal properties, metal nanoparticles (silver nanoparticles) stand out due to their high chemical activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against Phomopsis sp. AgNPs were synthesized by silver nitrate reduction with sodium citrate and stabilized with ammonia. The synthesized AgNPs have further been characterized by UV/Visible spectroscopy, Biophysical techniques like Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The average diameter of the prepared silver colloidal nanoparticles was about 52 nm. Absolute inhibitions (100%) were observed on treated with a 270 and 540 µg ml-1 concentration of AgNPs. The results from the study of the AgNPs antifungal effect are significant and suggest that the synthesized silver nanoparticles may have an advantage compared with conventional fungicides.

Assessment of the antifungal activity of Spirulina platensis phenolic extract against Aspergillus flavus

Souza,Michele Moraes de; Prietto,Luciana; Ribeiro,Anelise Christ; Souza,Taiana Denardi de; Badiale-Furlong,Eliana
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

Antifungal activity of different neem leaf extracts and the nimonol against some important human pathogens

Mahmoud,D.A; Hassanein,N.M; Youssef,K.A; Abou Zeid,M.A
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of aqueous, ethanolic and ethyl acetate extracts from neem leaves on growth of some human pathogens (Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus terreus, Candida albicans and Microsporum gypseum) in vitro. Different concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 20%) prepared from these extracts inhibited the growth of the test pathogens and the effect gradually increased with concentration. The 20% ethyl acetate extract gave the strongest inhibition compared with the activity obtained by the same concentration of the other extracts. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) analysis of ethyl acetate extract showed the presence of a main component (nimonol) which was purified and chemically confirmed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analysis. The 20% ethyl acetate extract lost a part of its antifungal effect after pooling out the nimonol and this loss in activity was variable on test pathogens. The purified nimonol as a separate compound did not show any antifungal activity when assayed against all the six fungal pathogens.

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of a Novel Triazole, Isavuconazole: Mathematical Modeling, Importance of Tissue Concentrations, and Impact of Immune Status on Antifungal Effect▿

Warn, Peter A.; Sharp, Andrew; Parmar, Arvind; Majithiya, Jayesh; Denning, David W.; Hope, William W.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Isavuconazole is a triazole with broad-spectrum activity against medically important fungal pathogens. We investigated the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of isavuconazole in a murine model of disseminated candidiasis. We determined the pharmacokinetics in both plasma and kidney. The relationship between tissue concentrations and the resultant antifungal effect was described using a mathematical model. The pharmacodynamic parameter that optimally links drug exposure with the antifungal effect was determined using dose fractionation studies. The impact of the immune status of mice receiving isavuconazole was determined in persistently and temporarily neutropenic animals. The pharmacokinetics of 1.6 to 28 mg isavuconazole/kg of body weight were linear. Exposure-response relationships demonstrated near-maximal effect following the administration of >15 mg/kg. The mathematical model showed that exposures in the kidney were 5.77 times higher than those in plasma, and there was persistence of the drug at this site despite concentrations in plasma falling to undetectable levels. The in vitro and in vivo postantifungal effects were 2 to 5 and 8.41 h, respectively. The area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)/MIC ratio was the parameter that optimally linked drug exposure with the observed antifungal effect. The total drug AUC/MIC ratios associated with a 90% probability of survival in temporarily and persistently neutropenic mice were 270 and 670...

Antifungal effect of lavender honey against Candida albicans, Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans

Estevinho, Maria Leticia; Afonso, Sílvia Esteves; Feás, Xesús
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Monofloral lavender honey samples (n = 30), were analyzed to test antifungal effect against Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Cryptococcus neoformans. The specific growth rates (μ) showed that all the yeast growths were reduced in the presence of honey. The honey concentration (% w/v) that inhibited 10% of the yeasts growth (Xmin) ranged from 31.0% (C. albicans), 16.8% (C. krusei) and 23.0% (C. neoformans). A synthetic honey solution was also tested to determine antifungal activity attributable to sugars. The presence of synthetic honey in the C. krusei culture medium at concentrations above 58.0% (w/v) was established as Xmin, while C. albicans and C. neoformans were more resistant, since Xmin values were not reached over the ranged tested (10–60%, w/v). What the data suggests is that the component in the lavender honey responsible for the observed antifungal in vitro properties is not sugar based. Honey might be tapped as a natural resource to look for new medicines for the treatment of mycotic infections. This could be very useful, onsidering the increasing resistance of antifungals. It should be noticed that this is the first study concerning the effect of lavender honey on the growth of pathogenic yeasts.

Design and formulation of a topical hydrogel integrating lemongrass-loaded nanosponges with an enhanced antifungal effect: in vitro/in vivo evaluation

Aldawsari, Hibah M; Badr-Eldin, Shaimaa M; Labib, Gihan S; El-Kamel, Amal H
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Lemongrass oil (LGO) is a volatile oil extracted from the leaves of Cymbopogon citratus that has become one of the most important natural oils in the pharmaceutical industry because of its diverse pharmacologic and clinical effects. However, LGO suffers from low aqueous solubility, which could lead to a reduced effect. Moreover, the instability of its major active constituent, citral, could lead to volatilization, reaction with other formulation ingredients, and consequently, skin irritation. To surmount these problems, this research aims to formulate lemongrass-loaded ethyl cellulose nanosponges with a topical hydrogel with an enhanced antifungal effect and decreased irritation. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal fungicidal concentration of LGO against Candida albicans strain ATC 100231, determined using the broth macrodilution method, were found to be 2 and 8 μL/mL, respectively. The emulsion solvent evaporation technique was used for the preparation of the nanosponges. The nanosponge dispersions were then integrated into carbopol hydrogels (0.4%). Nine formulations were prepared based on a 32 full factorial design employing the ethyl cellulose:polyvinyl alcohol ratio and stirring rate as independent variables. The prepared formulations were evaluated for particle size...

Impact of brief exposure to antifungal agents on the post-antifungal effect and hemolysin activity of oral Candida albicans

ELLEPOLA, Arjuna Nishantha; KHAJAH, Rana; JAYATILAKE, Sumedha; SAMARANAYAKE, Lakshman; SHARMA, Prem; KHAN, Zia
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Post-antifungal effect (PAFE) of Candida and its production of hemolysin are determinants of candidal pathogenicity. Candida albicans is the foremost aetiological agent of oral candidosis, which can be treated with polyene, azole, and echinocandin antifungals. However, once administered, the intraoral concentrations of these drugs tend to be subtherapeutic and transient due to the diluent effect of saliva and cleansing effect of the oral musculature. Hence, intra-orally, Candida may undergo a brief exposure to antifungal drugs.

Promising Antifungal Effect of Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Oat (Avena sativa L.) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Extracts

Pagnussatt, Fernanda Arnhold; Bretanha, Cristiana Costa; Kupski, Larine; Buffon, Jaqueline Garda; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
The antifungal activity from rice, oat and wheat crude proteic extracts on the development of Fusarium graminearum CQ244, Aspergillus flavus CCT 1217 and Rhizopus oryzae CCT 7560 was investigated intending to identify their potential as natural fungicides. The crude proteic extracts from cereals were prepared in ethanol and the antifungal properties were evaluated using the glucosamine, produced by the biomass as a response. F. graminearum was inhibited by wheat extracts, while that A. flavus was inhibited by oat extracts. R. oryzae was few inhibited. Proteic extracts in higher concentrations may be applied in field and/or storage, as natural antifungal.

Assessment of the antifungal activity of spirulina platensis phenolic extract against aspergillus flavus

Souza, Michele Moraes de; Prietto, Luciana; Ribeiro, Anelise Christ; Souza, Taiana Denardi de; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.; A produção de alimentos seguros tem estimulado a busca por substâncias naturais que possuem atividade antifúngica. Os métodos indiretos de estimativa de biomassa fúngica são baseados na medição de glucosamina, ergosterol e proteína - compostos típicos produzidos durante o desenvolvimento da biomassa. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do extrato fenólico de Spirulina platensis na produção de componentes estruturais em Aspergillus flavus...

Assessment of the antifungal activity of spirulina platensis phenolic extract against aspergillus flavus

Souza, Michele Moraes de; Prietto, Luciana; Ribeiro, Anelise Christ; Souza, Taiana Denardi de; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

Assessment of the antifungal activity of Spirulina platensis phenolic extract against Aspergillus flavus

Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

A polysaccharide extracted from sphagnum moss as antifungal agent in archaeological conservation

ZAITSEVA, NINA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 3804959 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
On the basis of the well-known preservative properties of Sphagnum moss, a potential opportunity to use moss polysaccharides (Sphagnan) in art conservation was tested. Polysaccharides were extracted from the moss (S. palustre spp.) in the amount of 4.1% of the Sphagnum plant dry weight. All lignocelluloses were removed from this extract as a result of the treatment of the moss cellulose with sodium chlorite. The extracted polysaccharide possessed a strong acidic reaction (pH 2.8) and was soluble in water and organic solvents. The extract was tested on laboratory bacterial cultures by the disk-diffusion method. The antibacterial effect was demonstrated for E. coli and P. aeruginosa (both gram-negative) while Staphylococcus aurelus (gram-positive) was shown to be insensitive to Sphagnum polysaccharides. The antifungal effect of Sphagnum extract was tested by the disk-diffusion method on the spores of seventeen fungal species. These fungi were isolated from ethnographic museum objects and from archaeological objects excavated in the Arctic. Twelve of these isolates appeared susceptible to the extract. The inhibiting effect of the extract was also tested by the modified broth-dilution method on the most typical isolate (Aspergillus spp.). In this experiment...

Impact of brief exposure to antifungal agents on the post-antifungal effect and hemolysin activity of oral Candida albicans

ELLEPOLA, Arjuna Nishantha; KHAJAH, Rana; JAYATILAKE, Sumedha; SAMARANAYAKE, Lakshman; SHARMA, Prem; KHAN, Zia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
AbstractPost-antifungal effect (PAFE) of Candida and its production of hemolysin are determinants of candidal pathogenicity. Candida albicans is the foremost aetiological agent of oral candidosis, which can be treated with polyene, azole, and echinocandin antifungals. However, once administered, the intraoral concentrations of these drugs tend to be subtherapeutic and transient due to the diluent effect of saliva and cleansing effect of the oral musculature. Hence, intra-orally, Candidamay undergo a brief exposure to antifungal drugs.Objective Therefore, the PAFE and hemolysin production of oral C. albicans isolates following brief exposure to sublethal concentrations of the foregoing antifungals were evaluated.Material and Methods A total of 50 C. albicans oral isolates obtained from smokers, diabetics, asthmatics using steroid inhalers, partial denture wearers and healthy individuals were exposed to sublethal concentrations of nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin, ketoconazole and fluconazole for 60 min. Thereafter, the drugs were removed and the PAFE and hemolysin production were determined by previously described turbidometric and plate assays, respectively.Results Nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin and ketoconazole induced mean PAFE (hours) of 2.2...