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Social behaviour of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) under three space allowances

NOGUEIRA, S. S. da C.; SILVA, M. G.; DIAS, C. T. dos S.; POMPEIA, S.; CETRA, M.; NOGUEIRA-FILHO, S. L. G.
Fonte: UNIV FEDERATION ANIMAL WELFARE Publicador: UNIV FEDERATION ANIMAL WELFARE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Captive breeding of peccaries is on the increase in neotropical countries. Few studies, however, have reported behavioural responses of wild animals under farmed conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of space allowance on the occurrence of social behaviour patterns on farmed collared peccary (Pecan tajacu). We observed three herds of collared peccaries each containing eight acquainted individuals. Using a 3 x 3 Latin square design, herds were allocated, in a random order, to one of the three experimental enclosures, each with a different size. 375, 750 and 1,500 m(2) of total available area, each with three wooden shelters. We recorded all the occurrences of selected positive and agonistic behavioural patterns that occurred 90 min before and during feeding Enclosure size had a significant effect on agonistic patterns of peccaries during feeding, in that more agonistic behaviour was observed in smaller spaces We also found that shelter usage increased as space decreased Differing space allowances, however, did not have an effect on the occurrence of positive interactions that were more frequent before compared to during feeding. We concluded that enclosure size had an effect on the expression of agonistic be and the use of shelters by collared peccaries Thus...

Contribution to economic evaluation of systems that value animal welfare at farm

Raineri, Camila; Antonelli, Renan; Prosdocimi Nunes, Bruno C.; Simionato de Barros, Carina; Tarazona Morales, Ariel M.; Gameiro, Augusto H.
Fonte: UNIV ANTIOQUIA, FAC CIENCIAS AGRARIAS; MEDELLIN Publicador: UNIV ANTIOQUIA, FAC CIENCIAS AGRARIAS; MEDELLIN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
The demand for "welfare friendly" products increases as public conscience and perception on livestock production systems grow. The public and policy-makers demand scientific information for education and to guide decision processes. This paper describes some of the last decade contributions made by scientists on the technical, economical and market areas of farm animal welfare. Articles on animal welfare were compiled on the following themes: 1) consumer behavior, 2) technical and economical viability, 3) public regulation, and 4) private certification policies. Most studies on the economic evaluation of systems that promote animal welfare involved species destined to produce export items, such as eggs, beef and pork. Few studies were found on broilers, dairy cows and fish, and data regarding other species, such as horses, sheep and goats were not found. Scientists understand that farm animal welfare is not only a matter of ethics, but also an essential tool to gain and maintain markets. However, it is unfortunate that little attention is paid to species that are not economically important for exports. Studies that emphasize on more humane ways to raise animals and that provide economic incentives to the producer are needed. An integrated multidisciplinary approach is necessary to highlight the benefits of introducing animal welfare techniques to existing production systems.

Sistema de avaliação do bem-estar animal para propriedades leiteiras com sistema de pastejo; Animal welfare evaluation system for pasture-based dairy production systems

Garcia, Paulo Rogerio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
O mundo atual passa por uma revolução na produção industrial de animais, busca-se atender as exigências do mercado focando na qualidade do produto final e nos sistemas de produção. A partir da preocupação pública com a melhoria do bemestar de animais de produção e o maior controle da cadeia produtiva, protocolos internacionais com recomendações de boas práticas de produção foram desenvolvidos, a fim de simplificar e esclarecer os princípios de bem-estar animal (BEA) para o setor produtivo. No Brasil, os sistemas existentes e as pesquisas direcionadas ainda estão na fase de avaliar os gargalos tecnológicos, oriundos de sistemas de produção com diferenças em relação às escalas de produção. Nesse contexto, há a necessidade de avaliar cada sistema brasileiro de produção, suas particularidades e comparar aos sistemas europeus e americanos. O Brasil é um país de destaque na produção de proteína animal, e deve estabelecer suas próprias condições de qualidade frente à sua escala e a suas particularidades de produção. Não há como simplesmente aderir às exigências internacionais, sem atentar para a realidade nacional seja ela de produção, de nível tecnológico e de exigências/dificuldades dos produtores rurais. Baseando-se na necessidade do estabelecimento de padrões para o sistema brasileiro de produção de leite em pasto...

Parâmetros de bem-estar animal e abate humanitário em frangos de corte

Silveira, Aline Martins
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
Ao longo dos anos vem crescendo o interesse da população em geral em relação ao bem-estar animal (BEA) e ao abate humanitário dos animais de produção, com isso as cobranças perante as indústrias e criadores também foram intensificadas. As legislações em prol do BEA têm sido criadas desde 1934 no Brasil, porém somente a partir do ano de 2000 foi estabelecida uma instrução normativa específica para esta área. Visando melhorar seus serviços o Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA) firmou um acordo com a WSPA (Sociedade Mundial de Proteção Animal) em 2008, que prevê o treinamento de todos fiscais agropecuários (médicos veterinários) que atuam na área de fiscalização dos matadouros-frigoríficos, para que o controle seja feito e os estabelecimentos possam se adequar a estas regras. O objetivo desde trabalho foi analisar as condições relacionadas ao BEA e abate humanitário de um matadourofrigorífico de aves de pequeno porte com inspeção estadual, utilizando como base o protocolo realizado pela WSPA, e verificar posteriormente as ações corretivas do mesmo. Foram definidos pontos de controle (PC) e pontos críticos de controle (PCC) relacionados ao BEA. Após, os mesmos foram analisados em 29 lotes diferentes. Depois das observações...

Normas de produção de animais submetidos a sistema intensivo : cenario da legislação nacional sobre bem-estar animal; Norms of animal production in intensive rearing : scenario for national legislation on animal welfare

Raquel Baracat Tosi Rodrigues da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
O Brasil é o maior produtor de carne do mundo e tem um importante papel no mercado exterior. Face às novas demandas internacionais de bem-estar animal, há necessidade de atualização da legislação brasileira, que data dos anos 30 e não reflete a atual produção animal no Brasil. Tendo em vista as condições de o agronegócio brasileiro ter crescido precisa-se atender a exigências de normas internacionais, entre outras coisas, aos assuntos relacionados ao bem-estar animal. Este tema tem hoje importância maior e, como o alojamento intensivo de animais domésticos está diretamente vinculado às questões de eficiência das construções rurais e da ambiência, tanto no sentido das condições de temperaturas, umidade relativa do ar e ventos, além da incidência de radiação solar, presença de gases agressivos e excesso de ruído, entre outros. Portanto, pesquisarem tais efeitos é necessário para melhor entendimento das reais necessidades do animal estar em boas condições. Na década de 30 surgiu o Decreto Lei no. 24.645, que expunha que todos os animais existentes no país são tutelados pelo Estado. A Lei 9.605/98 materializou a exigência legal prevista na Constituição Federal, sendo geral para outros temas ligados inclusive ao meio ambiente. Da mesma forma...

How “humane” is your endpoint? — Refining the science-driven approach for termination of animal studies of chronic infection

Franco, Nuno; Neves, Margarida Correia; Olsson, Anna
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
Public concern on issues such as animal welfare or the scientific validity and clinical value of animal research is growing, resulting in increasing regulatory demands for animal research. Abiding to the most stringent animal welfare standards, while having scientific objectives as the main priority, is often challenging. To do so, endpoints of studies involving severe, progressive diseases need to be established considering how early in the disease process the scientific objectives can be achieved. We present here experimental studies of tuberculosis (TB) in mice as a case study for an analysis of present practice and a discussion of how more refined science-based endpoints can be developed. A considerable proportion of studies in this field involve lethal stages, and the establishment of earlier, reliable indicators of disease severity will have a significant impact on animal welfare. While there is an increasing interest from scientists and industry in moving research in this direction, this is still far from being reflected in actual practice. We argue that a major limiting factor is the absence of data on biomarkers that can be used as indicators of disease severity. We discuss the possibility of complementing the widely used weight loss with other relevant biomarkers and the need for validation of these parameters as endpoints. Promotion of ethical guidelines needs to be coupled with systematic research in order to develop humane endpoints beyond the present euthanasia of moribund animals. Such research...

Avaliação do bem-estar animal em frangos de engorda em regime intensivo

Campos, Joana Filipa da Rocha
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 11/02/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; Os objetivos deste trabalho foram avaliar o bem-estar animal (BEA) de frangos de engorda criados em regime intensivo; estudar a evolução semanal de algumas variáveis ambientais, da qualidade da cama, das dermatites das almofadas plantares (DAP) e das queimaduras dos tarsos (QT); avaliar a relação entre dermatites de contato; averiguar a fiabilidade da avaliação no matadouro como indicador das condições de BEA na exploração; desenvolver um modelo de classificação de explorações. Na exploração, aplicaram-se o protocolo da Direção Geral de Alimentação e Veterinária (DGAV) e o protocolo Welfare Quality® (WQ) adaptado, para se avaliarem a qualidade da cama, algumas variáveis ambientais, as DAP e as QT. No matadouro, avaliaram-se as DAP, QT e queimaduras do peito. A prevalência de DAP e QT foi de, respetivamente, 32,0±25,6% e 52,0±23,5% para ausência de lesões, 47,5±24,1% e 43,5±19,8% para lesões moderadas e 20,5±21,3% e 4,5±8,5% para lesões graves. Ao longo do ciclo produtivo diminuiu a qualidade da cama e aumentou a prevalência e gravidade das DAP e QT. As DAP estão correlacionadas com a limpeza das penas e com a qualidade e maneio da cama. A casca de arroz...

The Animal Welfare Act: From Enactment to Enforcement

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor
Fonte: American Association for Laboratory Animal Science Publicador: American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
Originally enacted in 1966, the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act has been amended several times and renamed the Animal Welfare Act. Responsibility for administering the Animal Welfare Act was delegated within the United States Department of Agriculture to the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and regulations and standards have been developed to implement the intent of Congress conveyed in the language of the Act. In our opinion, the key to compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and its regulations and standards is to have in place a proactive, progressive Animal Care and Use Program that uses the semiannual inspection and programmatic review process to improve the day-to-day management of the program. Successfully managing the inspection process has taken on new meaning in what has recently become known as the ‘Age of Enforcement.’ As part of this approach, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service made changes to the inspection process and issued an Enhanced Animal Welfare Enforcement Plan, which included the development of an Inspection Requirements Handbook. The Inspection Requirements Handbook provides inspectors with information on conducting inspections and includes as an attachment a flow chart for Enforcement Action Guidance. The chart describes 4 types of actions that may occur as part of the enforcement process and the steps that will be followed if noncompliant items are documented during an inspection.

The Relationship between Farmers’ Perceptions and Animal Welfare Standards in Sheep Farms

Kılıç, İ.; Bozkurt, Z.
Fonte: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST) Publicador: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
In this study, we investigated the relationship between welfare standards in sheep farms and farmers’ perceptions of factors affecting animal welfare. We developed a scale of 34 items to measure farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare. We examined the relationships among variables in farmers’ characteristics, our observations, and farmers’ expressed perceptions through a t test, variance analysis and correlation analysis. Results of the research suggested that higher welfare standards for sheep exist on farms run by farmers who have a higher perception level of animal welfare. These farmers believed that personnel and shelter conditions were more effective than veterinary inspection, feeding and other factors in terms of animal welfare. In addition, we detected a significant relationship between the farmers’ perceptions and their gender, educational level, whether they enjoyed their work, or whether they applied the custom of religious sacrifice. Our results showed that emotional and cognitive factors related to farmers’ perceptions may offer opportunities for progress in the domain of animal welfare.

Improving Animal Welfare in Livestock Operations

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
In the past decade, animal welfare has been increasingly recognized in importance in commercial livestock operations. Governments, academic institutions, and animal welfare professionals are addressing animal welfare at different points in the agricultural supply chain, while consumers are demanding higher standards for food safety and animal welfare. Meanwhile, regional and global initiatives to provide guidance on acceptable animal welfare practices have emerged. IFC is committed to working with clients to reduce losses, increase productivity, and/or access new markets through the application of sustainability principles, including animal welfare standards. This Good Practice Note (GPN), which supersedes the 2006 edition, contributes to IFC s continued commitment to supporting clients in a responsible and forward-looking approach to traditional livestock production (dairy, beef, broiler chickens, layer chickens, pigs, and ducks) and aquaculture in intensive and extensive systems to, among other things, help producers access and maintain entry to high quality and value market segments. This GPN describes a range of animal welfare good practice and complements IFC s Performance Standards on Environmental and Social Sustainability (2012)...

Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?

Hazel, S.; Signal, T.; Taylor, N.
Fonte: Purdue Univ Press Publicador: Purdue Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Attitudes toward animals are important in influencing how animals are treated. Few studies have investigated attitudes toward animals in veterinary or animal-science students, and no studies have compared attitudes to animals before and after a course teaching animal welfare and ethics. In this study, students enrolled in veterinary (first-year) or animal-science (first- and third-year) programs completed a questionnaire on attitudes toward different categories of animals before and after the course. Higher attitude scores suggest a person more concerned about how an animal is treated. Normally distributed data were compared using parametric statistics, and non-normally distributed data were compared using non-parametric tests, with significance p<.05. Attitudes toward pets (45.5–47.6) were higher than those toward pests (34.2–38.4) or profit animals (30.3–32.1). Attitude scores increased from before to after the course in the veterinary cohort on the Pest (36.9 vs. 38.4, respectively, n=27, p<.05) and Profit (30.3 vs. 32.1, respectively, n=28, p<.05) subscales, but not in the animal-science cohorts. Attitude scores in all categories were higher for women than for men. Currently having an animal was associated with higher pet scores (46.8 vs. 43.8...

The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes

Daoust, P.Y.; Caraguel, C.
Fonte: Univ Federation Animal Welfare Publicador: Univ Federation Animal Welfare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.39%
The Canadian harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus) hunt has, for several decades, raised public concerns related to animal welfare. The field conditions under which this hunt is carried out do not lend themselves easily to detailed observations and analyses of its killing practices. This article reports observations carried out over several seasons that aimed at obtaining more specific information about the conditions under which seals are killed, in order to assess potential welfare issues and explore avenues for possible improvements in its practice. A standardised three-step process for killing seals (ie stunning, checking by palpation of the skull, and bleeding) was recently implemented to maximise the proportion of animals that are killed rapidly with minimum pain. Based on field observations, the rifle and the hakapik, when used properly, appeared to be efficient tools for stunning and/or killing young harp seals. All carcases of seals observed to be killed with a rifle, either on the ice or in the water, could be recovered. However, shooting seals in water rather than on ice carried a higher risk of poor welfare outcome because of the limited opportunities to shoot the animals again if not stunned with the first shot. Based on current practices...

Scientific assessment of animal welfare

Hemsworth, P.H.; Mellor, D.J.; Cronin, G.M.; Tilbrook, A.J.
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Animal welfare is a state within the animal and a scientific perspective provides methodologies for evidence-based assessment of an animal's welfare. A simplistic definition of animal welfare might be how the animal feels now. Affective experiences including emotions, are subjective states so cannot be measured directly in animals, but there are informative indirect physiological and behavioural indices that can be cautiously used to interpret such experiences. This review enunciates several key science-based frameworks for understanding animal welfare. The biological functioning and affective state frameworks were initially seen as competing, but a recent more unified approach is that biological functioning is taken to include affective experiences and affective experiences are recognised as products of biological functioning, and knowledge of the dynamic interactions between the two is considered to be fundamental to managing and improving animal welfare. The value of these two frameworks in understanding the welfare of group-housed sows is reviewed. The majority of studies of the welfare of group-housed sows have employed the biological functioning framework to infer compromised sow welfare, on the basis that suboptimal biological functioning accompanies negative affective states such as sow hunger...

The first shared online curriculum resources for veterinary undergraduate learning and teaching in animal welfare and ethics in Australia and New Zealand

Johnson, J.; Collins, T.; Degeling, C.; Fawcett, A.; Fisher, A.D.; Freire, R.; Hazel, S.J.; Hood, J.; Lloyd, J.; Phillips, C.J.C.; Stafford, K.; Tzioumis, V.; McGreevy, P.D.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
The need for undergraduate teaching of Animal Welfare and Ethics (AWE) in Australian and New Zealand veterinary courses reflects increasing community concerns and expectations about AWE; global pressures regarding food security and sustainability; the demands of veterinary accreditation; and fears that, unless students encounter AWE as part of their formal education, as veterinarians they will be relatively unaware of the discipline of animal welfare science. To address this need we are developing online resources to ensure Australian and New Zealand veterinary graduates have the knowledge, and the research, communication and critical reasoning skills, to fulfill the AWE role demanded of them by contemporary society. To prioritize development of these resources we assembled leaders in the field of AWE education from the eight veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand and used modified deliberative polling. This paper describes the role of the poll in developing the first shared online curriculum resource for veterinary undergraduate learning and teaching in AWE in Australia and New Zealand. The learning and teaching strategies that ranked highest in the exercise were: scenario-based learning; a quality of animal life assessment tool; the so-called 'Human Continuum' discussion platform; and a negotiated curriculum.; Jane Johnson...

Animal welfare assessment on intensive and extensive pig farms

Temple, Déborah
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 ENG; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
L'objectiu d'aquesta tesi és avaluar i discutir l'aplicació pràctica, la validesa i la repetibilitat d'un sistema d'avaluació del benestar en granges comercials de porcs d'engreix. La capacitat d'aplicació, la sensibilitat, selectivitat, validesa contextual i repetibilitat al llarg del temps de les mesures basades en l'animal incloses al protocol Welfare Quality® es van avaluar mitjançant cinc estudis. A més a més, al llarg de la tesi es va considerar la utilització del protocol com a eina d'assessorament per resoldre problemes de benestar. En el primer estudi es presenta una anàlisi descriptiva de les mesures basades en l'animal incloses al protocol d'avaluació del benestar. En aquest treball es va avaluar tant l'aplicació pràctica del protocol en 30 granges intensives com la seva capacitat per discriminar-les entre sí. Tanmateix, el treball proposa una metodologia pràctica per identificar granges que presenten algun problema de benestar. Al segon i tercer estudi, es van avaluar un total de 11,647 porcs allotjats en 91 explotacions comercials provinents de tres sistemes intensius (convencional a França i Espanya, sobre palla a França, i Ibèric intensiu a Espanya) així com dos sistemes extensius (Ibèric en extensiu...

Protocolo de perícia em bem-estar animal para diagnóstico de maus-tratos contra animais de companhia; Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

Hammerschmidt, Janaina; Molento, Carla Forte Maiolino
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
As decisões judiciais sobre casos de maus-tratos contra animais podem ser subsidiadas por laudos de peritos em bem-estar animal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi adaptar protocolos de diagnóstico de bem-estar animal para a identificação de maus-tratos contra animais de companhia. O protocolo é composto por quatro conjuntos de indicadores: nutricionais, de conforto, sanitários e comportamentais, os quais devem ser classificados em inadequados, regulares e adequados. As decisões finais para cada conjunto de indicadores devem ser integradas em um único resultado, o qual será o grau final de bem-estar. O protocolo utiliza uma forma de integração simplificada, baseada em limites para a inclusão em cada um dos cinco graus de bem-estar, descritos como: muito baixo, baixo, regular, alto e muito alto. Graus de bem-estar baixo e muito baixo são considerados inaceitáveis e devem ser descritos como maus-tratos. Grau de bem-estar regular é considerado aceitável se medidas corretivas forem asseguradas. Graus de bem-estar alto e muito alto são considerados desejáveis para o bem-estar animal. O protocolo permite a diferenciação do grau de bem-estar em escala compatível para a decisão em relação à ocorrência de maus-tratos. Nós esperamos que o refinamento das formas de identificação de crimes contra animais...

Human-animal relationship and welfare of the domiciled dog; Relación hombre-animal y bienestar del perro domiciliado; RELAÇÃO HOMEM-ANIMAL E BEM-ESTAR DO CÃO DOMICILIADO

Ferreira, Sheila Andrade; UFMG; Sampaio, Ivan Barbosa Machado; UFMG
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/10/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la asociación entre la relación del hombre-animal y el bienestar animal. Fueran estabelecidas relaciones funcionales entre las condiciones de criación de 60 perros, la progresividad y actitud de sus dueños y bienestar del animal a través del análisis de la correspondencia múltiple. El modelo de la investigación usado en la investigación fue del tipo exploratorio de carácter descriptivo con la investigación del campo. Se realizo una encuesta y observaciones de las condiciones de creación de perros domiciliados.Las residencias fueran selecionadas según un procedimiento sistemático al azar, objetivando  variación de las residencias y niveles socioeconomicos. La conducta, estado de tranquilidad y condición corpórea fueron los tres indicadores usados para medir el bienestar animal. Los perros simultáneamente agresivos, pacíficos y con la condición corpórea ideal fueron considerados experimentar el bienestar apropiado. Sólo 43,3% de la población canina podrían ser clasificados bajo el bienestar apropiado durante las entrevistas. Entre los tres indicadores usados...

ANIMAL WELFARE CONCERNS AT A FISH FARMING OPERATION IN SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL

Rodrigues, Diego André; Carleti Junior, Alberto Geraldo; Balista, Wagner Cezario; Freitas, Rodrigo Randow de
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Production Engineering - BJPE Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Production Engineering - BJPE
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/11/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Concern for the welfare of the fish during the production process is not very common among consumers and producers as suggested by the scant literature on the subject, more specifically in the area of animal welfare (Benson & Rollin, 2004; Carneiro et al., 2007). However, this scenario is gradually changing, with increasing international publications, reports and books devoted to the welfare of fish (Erickson, 2003; Pedrazzani et al., 2007; Volpato, 2007). This study focuses on demonstrating what the members of an association of fishermen (who grow tilapia and robalo-peva) think about sentience and fish welfare at slaughter. This will help us determine if the topic is being considered during the commercial production of fish. 

Foot and mouth disease eradication policy: social impact and animal welfare; Fiebre aftosa: impactos sociales y sobre el bienestar animal de la política de erradicación; Febre aftosa: impactos sociais e sobre o bem-estar animal da política de erradicação

Pettres, Barbara Marins; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC; Pinheiro Machado, Luiz Carlos; UFRGS; Hötzel, Maria José; UFRGS; UFSC; Lyra, Tania Maria de Paula; Capes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Entrevista; estudo de caso Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
Santa Catarina is the only Brazilian state that does not immunize the bovine herd against foot and mouth disease. This article discusses the policy adopted for the foot and mouth disease in Santa Catarina, especially the non-vaccination, and relates this policy with ethical, human and animal welfare issues. Nine representatives of agricultural institutions in the state were interviewed, as well as, in a case study, seven families of farmers in Jóia - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, where foot and mouth disease occurred in 2000, leading to the sacrifice of 11,067 animals, most of them dairy animals. The majority of the agricultural institutions in Santa Catarina are contrary to vaccination, in order to keep and extend pig and poultry export markets. Concerns on social repercussions tended to concentrate on the effects on the income of the affected families. The case study in Jóia demonstrated that the life styles of the affected farmers were deeply harmed due to effects on human mental health, loss of income and changes in the local economy. The study concludes that the experience of a foot and mouth disease outbreak results in traumatic and long term consequences and that there is a need for policies that include social, ethical and environmental provisions...

Beef cattle welfare evaluation during the dry season in the northern Mexico's cow-calf system using a visual methodology

Saucedo,R.A.; Chavez,M.G.; Jurado,P.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
A cattle welfare index was estimated through 14 visual indicators in the cow-calf system in northern Mexico. The study was carried out at 25 ranches in Chihuahua, Mexico. The indicators were rangeland forage availability; rangeland plant diversity; ease of walking owing to terrain slope; ease of walking owing to presence of rocks; water availability; water distribution; water distance; water appearance; heat protection through vegetation; cold protection through vegetation; cold protection through topography; cold protection through management; cattle docility and cattle body condition. A score of 1 to 4 was given to each indicator, rated as poor, fair, good and excellent, respectively. Ranches under study were classified according to their dominant vegetation type. Noticeable differences were obtained among animal welfare indexes, depending on rangeland type. The lowest index of 2.82 was recorded for the desert shrublands, while indexes above 3.0 were observed for the shortgrass prairie and oak-bunchgrass rangelands. Indicators with high values were water availability and distribution. The lower cattle welfare scores were related to natural factors rather than to management indicators.