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Prevalência de padrão facial e má oclusão em populações de duas escolas diferentes de ensino fundamental; Prevalence of the facial pattern and malocclusion in population of two different elementary schools

Siécola, Gustavo Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.3%
A avaliação facial no contexto ortodôntico frente ao diagnóstico, a elaboração de planos de tratamento e a avaliação de prognóstico torna-se indispensável. O entendimento do padrão de crescimento facial representa ser possível propor as metas terapêuticas aceitáveis para cada indivíduo. O presente trabalho objetivou identificar a prevalência de determinados padrões faciais e das más oclusões e posteriormente correlacioná-los entre si, em duas escolas distintas, uma escola particular e uma escola pública, na cidade de Bauru - SP. Os sujeitos da amostra foram selecionados por conveniência levando-se em consideração o critério de inclusão para o estudo, cujos indivíduos não poderiam ter sido ou estar sendo submetido a tratamento ortodôntico. Para tanto, foi realizada uma entrevista/anamnese com os alunos das 2 escolas de Ensino Fundamental, que cursavam de 1ª a 4ª série. Após selecionados, tais sujeitos foram divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com a escola que cursavam, e fotografados nas vistas extrabucais e intrabucais, sendo três e cinco fotos, respectivamente, e estas fotografias avaliadas por três examinadores. Os sujeitos foram determinados em tipos de padrão de crescimento facial segundo a classificação proposta por Capelozza (2004)...

Avaliação das relações interdentárias na posição de relação cêntrica e em máxima intercuspidação habitual em modelos montados em articulador; Dental interarch relationship evaluation in centric relation and maximum intercuspation in articulator mounted models

Weffort, Soo Young Kim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.3%
A avaliação de modelos em gesso das arcadas dentárias montados em articulador na posição de RC (relação cêntrica), revela importantes detalhes muitas vezes não observados nos modelos de estudo ortodônticos tradicionais. O objetivo do presente estudo foi o de verificar possíveis diferenças entre RC e MIH (máxima intercuspidação habitual), em grupos sintomático e assintomático, avaliando-se as seguintes características oclusais: sobremordida, sobressaliência, desvio de linha média dentária inferior, classificação de Angle para molares e de caninos. A amostra foi composta por 77 participantes, de 19 a 30 anos, não desprogramados, divididos em um grupo sintomático, sendo 15 do gênero masculino e 20 do feminino, com média de idade de 22,8 anos, e outro, assintomático, de 42 indivíduos sendo 18 do gênero masculino e 24 do feminino, com média de idade de 23,6 anos. Todos os participantes assinaram o Termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido (n.82/05) aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da FOUSP e foram submetidos a anamnese, exame clínico, exame de palpação muscular e das ATM. O grupo sintomático foi caracterizado por sinais e sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) de origem muscular, segundo Critérios Diagnósticos de Pesquisa em Distúrbio Temporomandibular (Dworkin e LeResche...

Estudo observacional de alterações dentárias em canídeos de raça Chihuahua

Spínola, Sílvia Góis
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 25/07/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; A raça Chihuahua pelas suas características anatómicas de crânio únicas, poderá possuir uma maior predisposição para a ocorrência de alterações dentárias. Tendo em consideração a grande longevidade desta raça, percebe-se o impacto que estas alterações podem ter na sua qualidade de vida e na sua saúde. O objetivo deste trabalho foi perceber quais as alterações mais frequentes e se a existência destas alterações obedece a um padrão entre indivíduos da mesma família. A população estudada foi constituída por 42 indivíduos, com idades compreendidas entre os 8 meses e os 4 anos e 8 meses de idade, em que 67% (28/42) têm algum grau de parentesco entre si. Foi observada a cavidade oral e fez-se o registo das alterações dentárias e oclusais. Avaliou-se a presença de má-oclusão segundo a classificação de Angle (má-oclusão Classe I, Classe II ou Classe III) e classificou-se a doença periodontal em ligeira, moderada ou grave. Das alterações observadas, verificou-se que 67% dos indivíduos (28/42) apresentam máoclusão Classe I, 19% (8/42) má-oclusão Classe II e 14% (6/42) má-oclusão Classe III. Quanto à doença periodontal...

Prevalence of Malocclusion Among School Children in Bangalore, India

Das, Usha Mohan; Venkatsubramanian, ; Reddy, Divya
Fonte: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Publicador: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.3%
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malocclusion among school children of Bangalore city, India during their mixed dentition period. The sample consisted of 745 children (388 males and 357 females) in the age group of 8-12 years randomly selected from twelve different schools in Bangalore city. The subjects were randomly selected, and none had received previous orthodontic treatment. Occlusal anteroposterior relationships were assessed based on the Angle classification. Also various malocclusion features associated with class I malocclusion according to Dewey’s modification of Angle’s classification were assessed. The results showed that about 71% of the subjects had malocclusion. Class I malocclusion constituted the major proportion of malocclusion which was found in 62% of the studied population. No significant difference was found between boys and girls neither in the overall prevalence of malocclusion nor in various forms of malocclusion. Crowded incisors was found to be most ommon finding in subjects with class I malocclusion. A number of studies have been conducted to determine the prevalence of malocclusion among Indian children and it has been reported that the results range from a value as low as 19.6% (Miglani DC...

Skeletal Malocclusion: A Developmental Disorder With a Life-Long Morbidity

Joshi, Nishitha; Hamdan, Ahmad M.; Fakhouri, Walid D.
Fonte: Elmer Press Publicador: Elmer Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.3%
The likelihood of birth defects in orofacial tissues is high due to the structural and developmental complexity of the face and the susceptibility to intrinsic and extrinsic perturbations. Skeletal malocclusion is caused by the distortion of the proper mandibular and/or maxillary growth during fetal development. Patients with skeletal malocclusion may suffer from dental deformities, bruxism, teeth crowding, trismus, mastication difficulties, breathing obstruction and digestion disturbance if the problem is left untreated. In this review, we focused on skeletal malocclusion that affects 27.9% of the US population with different severity levels. We summarized the prevalence of class I, II and III of malocclusion in different ethnic groups and discussed the most frequent medical disorders associated with skeletal malocclusion. Dental anomalies that lead to malocclusion such as tooth agenesis, crowding, missing teeth and abnormal tooth size are not addressed in this review. We propose a modified version of malocclusion classification for research purposes to exhibit a clear distinction between skeletal vs. dental malocclusion in comparison to Angle’s classification. In addition, we performed a cross-sectional analysis on orthodontic (malocclusion) data through the BigMouth Dental Data Repository to calculate potential association between malocclusion with other medical conditions. In conclusion...

EVALUATION OF THE REPRODUCIBILITY OF TWO TECHNIQUES USED TO DETERMINE AND RECORD CENTRIC RELATION IN ANGLE’S CLASS I PATIENTS

Paixão, Fernanda; Silva, Wilkens Aurélio Buarque e; Silva, Frederico Andrade e; Ramos, Guilherme da Gama; Cruz, Mônica Vieira de Jesus
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
The centric relation is a mandibular position that determines a balance relation among the temporomandibular joints, the chew muscles and the occlusion. This position makes possible to the dentist to plan and to execute oral rehabilitation respecting the physiological principles of the stomatognathic system. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of centric relation records obtained using two techniques: Dawson’s Bilateral Manipulation and Gysi’s Gothic Arch Tracing. Twenty volunteers (14 females and 6 males) with no dental loss, presenting occlusal contacts according to those described in Angle’s I classification and without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders were selected. All volunteers were submitted five times with a 1-week interval, always in the same schedule, to the Dawson’s Bilateral Manipulation and to the Gysi’s Gothic Arch Tracing with aid of an intraoral apparatus. The average standard error of each technique was calculated (Bilateral Manipulation 0.94 and Gothic Arch Tracing 0.27). Shapiro-Wilk test was applied and the results allowed application of Student’s t-test (sampling error of 5%). The techniques showed different degrees of variability. The Gysi’s Gothic Arch Tracing was found to be more accurate than the Bilateral Manipulation in reproducing the centric relation records.

Prevalence of malocclusions in the 13-20-year-old categories of football athletes

SOUZA, Luci Alves de; ELMADJIAN, Thais Regina; DIAS, Reinaldo Brito e; COTO, Neide Pena
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
The dentist can offer athletes improvement in their physical performance through the maintenance of oral health, preventing and treating any and all changes in the stomatognathic system, such as dental malocclusions, that compromise the athletes' performance. The objective of this study is to research the presence of dental malocclusions in athletes of the category between 13 and 20 years of age, from the São Paulo Football Club. 84 athletes participated in this study, dealing with the following topics: molar relation (Angle's classification); presence of overbite; underbite; overcrowding; abnormal spacing; open bite; and anterior, posterior, bilateral and unilateral crossbite; midline deviation and facial type (mesofacial, brachyfacial and dolichofacial). Only one table was made, showing percentages. In regard to Angle's molar relation, 89% are in Class I, 8% in Class II, 3% Class III, 9% of the athletes had overbite, 4% had underbite, 13% had overcrowding and 21% had abnormal spacing. In regard to the bite, 11% presented anterior open bite. In regard to crossbite, 7% presented unilateral crossbite on the right side and 2% on the left side; 5% presented posterior crossbite and 4% anterior crossbite. In regard to midline deviations...

A Study of Bite Force and Various Variables in Children Segregated by Angle's Classification

Singh, Sarabjeet; Sandhu, Navreet; Kashyap, Rita
Fonte: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Publicador: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
The stomatographic system has been studied by several researchers, yet it is still unclear, weather a genetically determined facial morphology decides the strength of masticatory muscles,1 or weather a strong musculature influences the form of the face. This formed the basis of present study to relate muscle activity with various malocclusions. Thus, 60 samples of younger age group were divided according to Angle classification and maximum bite force was recorded among the groups. Newly designed bite force recorder was used for recording bite force at molar and at incisal region. Influence of various independent variables like gender, overjet and overbite of the subjects on the bite force was also checked. It was concluded that maximum bite force at intercuspal position (molar) and anterior bite position (incisal) were not significantly different between normal, class I, class II div 1 and class III malocclusion groups. There was no significant correlation between incisal bite force and overjet or overbite, but there was a highly significant difference (p < 0.001) between the males and females for maximum bite force at intercuspal position, with males biting harder than the females.

Conservative compensatory Angle Class III malocclusion treatment

Sobral,Marcio Costa; Habib,Fernando Antônio de Lima; Matzenbacher,Liz
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
INTRODUCTION: Angle's Class III malocclusion is a dental discrepancy in a sagittal view that may appear or not with an important skeletal discrepancy. Facial esthetics may be affected by this skeletal discrepancy and it is one of the most common complaints of patients who seek orthodontic treatment. Class III treatment, in adults, may be done by compensatory tooth movement, in simple cases, or through an association between orthodontics and orthognathic surgery, in more severe cases. OBJECTIVE: This article describes a non-extraction compensatory Class III treatment case, applying the Tweed-Merrifield mechanical principles with headgear (J-Hook) in the mandibular arch. This case was presented at the V Brazilian Association of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (ABOR) Meeting, it was evaluated by members of Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and obtained third place in the general classification.

Prevalence of malocclusions in the 13-20-year-old categories of football athletes

Souza,Luci Alves de; Elmadjian,Thais Regina; Dias,Reinaldo Brito e; Coto,Neide Pena
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
The dentist can offer athletes improvement in their physical performance through the maintenance of oral health, preventing and treating any and all changes in the stomatognathic system, such as dental malocclusions, that compromise the athletes' performance. The objective of this study is to research the presence of dental malocclusions in athletes of the category between 13 and 20 years of age, from the São Paulo Football Club. 84 athletes participated in this study, dealing with the following topics: molar relation (Angle's classification); presence of overbite; underbite; overcrowding; abnormal spacing; open bite; and anterior, posterior, bilateral and unilateral crossbite; midline deviation and facial type (mesofacial, brachyfacial and dolichofacial). Only one table was made, showing percentages. In regard to Angle's molar relation, 89% are in Class I, 8% in Class II, 3% Class III, 9% of the athletes had overbite, 4% had underbite, 13% had overcrowding and 21% had abnormal spacing. In regard to the bite, 11% presented anterior open bite. In regard to crossbite, 7% presented unilateral crossbite on the right side and 2% on the left side; 5% presented posterior crossbite and 4% anterior crossbite. In regard to midline deviations...

Evaluation of the reproducibility of two techniques used to determine and record centric relation in angle's class I patients

Paixão,Fernanda; Silva,Wilkens Aurélio Buarque e; Silva,Frederico Andrade e; Ramos,Guilherme da Gama; Cruz,Mônica Vieira de Jesus
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
The centric relation is a mandibular position that determines a balance relation among the temporomandibular joints, the chew muscles and the occlusion. This position makes possible to the dentist to plan and to execute oral rehabilitation respecting the physiological principles of the stomatognathic system. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of centric relation records obtained using two techniques: Dawson's Bilateral Manipulation and Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing. Twenty volunteers (14 females and 6 males) with no dental loss, presenting occlusal contacts according to those described in Angle's I classification and without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders were selected. All volunteers were submitted five times with a 1-week interval, always in the same schedule, to the Dawson's Bilateral Manipulation and to the Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing with aid of an intraoral apparatus. The average standard error of each technique was calculated (Bilateral Manipulation 0.94 and Gothic Arch Tracing 0.27). Shapiro-Wilk test was applied and the results allowed application of Student's t-test (sampling error of 5%). The techniques showed different degrees of variability. The Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing was found to be more accurate than the Bilateral Manipulation in reproducing the centric relation records.

Dentofacial characteristics of patients with Angle Class I and Class II malocclusions

Santos,Rogério Lacerda dos; Ruellas,Antônio Carlos de Oliveira
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed some cephalometric measurements of the soft tissue profile in order to observe the behavior of facial convexity in patients with Class I, Class II division 1, and Class II division 2 malocclusions. METHODS: One hundred and thirty pre-treatment teleradiographs of Caucasian patients aged 10-16 years (mean age of 12.6 years) were selected for study and divided into 3 groups. The cephalometric measurements used in the present study were the following: H.SN, Cx, NLA, MLA, UL-SUL-S, LL-S, IMPA, and 1-SN. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test were applied for measurements H.SN, Cx, IMPA, 1-SN, MLA, and NLA, whereas Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests were applied for UL-S and LL-S. RESULTS: The results showed statistically significant differences for the measurements H.SN, Cx, UL-S, and IMPA between Groups I, II-1 and II-2 (p < 0.05). Measurements LL-S and MLA showed statistically significant difference between Groups I and II-1 only (p < 0.05). On the other hand, no statistically significant differences were found for measurement NLA among the 3 groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regarding facial characteristics expressed by measurements H.SN, Cx, and UL-S, one could conclude that Class II division 1 and Class II division 2 malocclusions...

Padrão respiratório e fatores associados em pacientes ortodônticos

Machado, Virginia
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.61%
Objetivo: Descrever o padrão respiratório dos pacientes da amostra, verificar a relação entre características demográficas (gênero e idade) e padrão respiratório; avaliar a associação entre características anatômicas (adenóides e amígdalas) e funcionais (fonação e deglutição) e padrão respiratório e investigar a associação entre características ortodônticas (trespasse horizontal, mordida aberta anterior e classificação de Angle) e padrão respiratório. Material e Método: A amostra utilizada para a realização deste estudo foi composta de documentações ortodônticas iniciais de 300 pacientes que se submeteram ou estão em tratamento ortodôntico na clínica do Curso de Especialização em Ortodontia da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFRGS. Deste total, 184 são do sexo feminino e 116 do sexo masculino, com idade cronológica de 6 a 62 anos Resultado: Foram obtidos valores estatisticamente significativos para as variáveis: idade, deglutição, fonação, trespasse horizontal e mordida aberta anterior. Conclusão: Tiveram maior probabilidade de apresentar padrão respiratório inadequado os indivíduos da amostra com menor idade, deglutição atípica, fonação atípica, com trespasse horizontal até 0 ou maior ou igual a 3 mm e com mordida aberta anterior. As variáveis que não apresentaram valores estatisticamente significativos foram: gênero...

Evaluation of the reproducibility of two techniques used to determine and record centric relation in angle's class I patients

Paixão, Fernanda; Silva, Wilkens Aurélio Buarque e; Silva, Frederico Andrade e; Ramos, Guilherme da Gama; Cruz, Mônica Vieira de Jesus
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
The centric relation is a mandibular position that determines a balance relation among the temporomandibular joints, the chew muscles and the occlusion. This position makes possible to the dentist to plan and to execute oral rehabilitation respecting the physiological principles of the stomatognathic system. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of centric relation records obtained using two techniques: Dawson's Bilateral Manipulation and Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing. Twenty volunteers (14 females and 6 males) with no dental loss, presenting occlusal contacts according to those described in Angle's I classification and without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders were selected. All volunteers were submitted five times with a 1-week interval, always in the same schedule, to the Dawson's Bilateral Manipulation and to the Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing with aid of an intraoral apparatus. The average standard error of each technique was calculated (Bilateral Manipulation 0.94 and Gothic Arch Tracing 0.27). Shapiro-Wilk test was applied and the results allowed application of Student's t-test (sampling error of 5%). The techniques showed different degrees of variability. The Gysi's Gothic Arch Tracing was found to be more accurate than the Bilateral Manipulation in reproducing the centric relation records.