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Aerobic Exercise Training-Induced Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Involves Regulatory MicroRNAs, Decreased Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Angiotensin II, and Synergistic Regulation of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2-Angiotensin (1-7)

FERNANDES, Tiago; HASHIMOTO, Nara Y.; MAGALHAES, Flavio C.; FERNANDES, Fernanda B.; CASARINI, Dulce E.; CARMONA, Adriana K.; KRIEGER, Jose E.; PHILLIPS, M. Ian; OLIVEIRA, Edilamar M.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
Aerobic exercise training leads to a physiological, nonpathological left ventricular hypertrophy; however, the underlying biochemical and molecular mechanisms of physiological left ventricular hypertrophy are unknown. The role of microRNAs regulating the classic and the novel cardiac renin-angiotensin (Ang) system was studied in trained rats assigned to 3 groups: (1) sedentary; (2) swimming trained with protocol 1 (T1, moderate-volume training); and (3) protocol 2 (T2, high-volume training). Cardiac Ang I levels, Ang-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, and protein expression, as well as Ang II levels, were lower in T1 and T2; however, Ang II type 1 receptor mRNA levels (69% in T1 and 99% in T2) and protein expression (240% in T1 and 300% in T2) increased after training. Ang II type 2 receptor mRNA levels (220%) and protein expression (332%) were shown to be increased in T2. In addition, T1 and T2 were shown to increase ACE2 activity and protein expression and Ang (1-7) levels in the heart. Exercise increased microRNA-27a and 27b, targeting ACE and decreasing microRNA-143 targeting ACE2 in the heart. Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by aerobic training involves microRNA regulation and an increase in cardiac Ang II type 1 receptor without the participation of Ang II. Parallel to this...

Isoflavone genistein inhibits the angiotensin-converting enzyme and alters the vascular responses to angiotensin I and bradykinin

MONTENEGRO, Marcelo F.; PESSA, Lisandra R.; TANUS-SANTOS, Jose E.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
Genistein produces antihypertensive and beneficial cardiovascular effects, although the mechanisms for these effects are not known. We examined whether genistein inhibits the in vivo responses to angiotensin I or enhances the responses to bradykinin in anaesthetized rats as a result of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. We have also studied the in vitro effects produced by genistein on the angiotensin-converting enzyme activity. We measured the changes in systemic arterial pressure induced by angiotensin I in doses of 0.03 to 10 mu g/kg, by angiotensin II in doses of 0.01 to 3 mu g/kg, and to bradykinin in doses of 0.03 to 10 mu g/kg in anaesthetized rats pretreated with vehicle (controls), or a single i.v. dose of genistein 25 mg/kg, or daily genistein 25 mg/kg i.v for two days, or a single i.v. dose of captopril 2 mg/kg. Plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme activity was determined in controls and genistein-treated rats using a fluorometric method. The effects of genistein (3-300 mu mol/1) on in vitro angiotensin-converting enzyme activity were assessed by adding genistein to plasma samples and measuring angiotensin-converting enzyme activity. We found significant lower angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in plasma samples from rats pretreated with genistein compared with those found in the Control group (77.7 +/- 8.1 his-leu nmol/min/ml and 108.7 +/- 8.4 his-leu nmol/min/ml...

Involvement of the AT(1) receptor in the venoconstriction induced by angiotensin II in both the inferior vena cava and femoral vein

SILVA, Osmar Gomes da; ROSSIGNOLI, Patricia de Souza; CARRILLO-SEPULVEDA, Maria Alicia; BARRETO-CHAVES, Maria Luiza Morais; CHIES, Agnaldo Bruno
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Although angiotensin II-induced venoconstriction has been demonstrated in the rat vena cava and femoral vein, the angiotensin II receptor subtypes (AT(1) or AT(2)) that mediate this phenomenon have not been precisely characterized. Therefore, the present study aimed to characterize the pharmacological receptors involved in the angiotensin II-induced constriction of rat venae cavae and femoral veins, as well as the opposing effects exerted by locally produced prostanoids and NO upon induction of these vasomotor responses. The obtained results suggest that both AT(1) and AT(2) angiotensin II receptors are expressed in both veins. Angiotensin II concentration-response curves were shifted toward the right by losartan but not by PD 123319 in both the vena cava and femoral vein. Moreover, it was observed that both 10(-5) M indomethacin and 10(-4) M L-NAME improve the angiotensin II responses in the vena cava and femoral vein. In conclusion, in the rat vena cava and femoral vein, angiotensin II stimulates AT(1) but not AT(2) to induce venoconstriction, which is blunted by vasodilator prostanoids and NO. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)[05/51550-4]; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)

Circulating renin-angiotensin system and catecholamines in childhood: is there a role for birthweight?

FRANCO, Maria C. P.; CASARINI, Dulce E.; CARNEIRO-RAMOS, Marcella S.; SAWAYA, Ana L.; BARRETO-CHAVES, Maria L. M.; SESSO, Ricardo
Fonte: PORTLAND PRESS LTD Publicador: PORTLAND PRESS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
There have been only a few reports on the sympathoadrenal and renin-angiotensin systems in children of small gestational age. The purpose of the present study was to investigate plasma levels of ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) activity, angiotensin and catecholamines in 8- to 13-year-old children and to determine whether there are correlations between the components of these systems with both birthweight and BP (blood pressure) levels. This clinical study included 66 children (35 boys and 31 girls) in two groups: those born at term with an appropriate birthweight [AGA (appropriate-for-gestational age) group, n = 31] and those born at term but with a small birthweight for gestational age [SGA (small-for-gestational age) group, n = 35]. Concentrations of angiotensin, catecholamines and ACE activity were determined in plasma. Circulating noradrenaline levels were significantly elevated in SGA girls compared with AGA girls (P = 0.036). In addition, angiotensin 11 and ACE activity were higher in SGA boys (P = 0.024 and P = 0.050 respectively). There was a significant association of the circulating levels of both angiotensin 11 and ACE activity with BP levels in our study population. Although the underlying mechanisms that link restricted fetal growth with later cardiovascular events are not fully understood...

The role of reactive oxygen species in the modulation of the contraction induced by angiotensin II in carotid artery from diabetic rat

Pernomian, Larissa; Gomes, Mayara Santos; Araujo Restini, Carolina Baraldi; Zambelli Ramalho, Leandra Naira; Tirapelli, Carlos Renato; Oliveira, Ana Maria de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
The modulation played by reactive oxygen species on the angiotensin II-induced contraction in type I-diabetic rat carotid was investigated. Concentration-response curves for angiotensin II were obtained in endothelium-intact or endothelium-denuded carotid from control or streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, pre-treated with tiron (superoxide scavenger), PEG-catalase (hydrogen peroxide scavenger), dimethylthiourea (hydroxyl scavenger), apocynin [NAD(P) H oxidase inhibitor], SC560 (cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitor), SC236 (cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor) or Y-27632 (Rho-kinase inhibitor). Reactive oxygen species were measured by flow cytometry in dihydroethidium (DHE)-loaded endothelial cells. Cyclooxygenase and AT1-receptor expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Diabetes increased the angiotensin II-induced contraction but reduced the agonist potency in rat carotid. Endothelium removal, tiron or apocynin restored the angiotensin II-induced contraction in diabetic rat carotid to control levels. PEG-catalase, DMTU or SC560 reduced the angiotensin II-induced contraction in diabetic rat carotid at the same extent. SC236 restored the angiotensin II potency in diabetic rat carotid. Y-27632 reduced the angiotensin II-induced contraction in endothelium-intact or -denuded diabetic rat carotid. Diabetes increased the DHE-fluorescence of carotid endothelial cells. Apocynin reduced the DHE-fluorescence of endothelial cells from diabetic rat carotid to control levels. Diabetes increased the muscular cyclooxygenase-2 expression but reduced the muscular AT1-receptor expression in rat carotid. In summary...

ECA e receptor AT1 participam da mecanotransdução de sinais hemodinâmicos independentemente da angiotensina II; ACE and AT1 receptor are involved in mechanotransduction by hemodynamica forces independently of angiotensin II

Barauna, Valerio Garrone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/01/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
No sistema cardiovascular, modificações de pressão e shear stress devido ao fluxo sanguíneo influenciam a morfologia e a patofisiologia dos vasos sanguíneos e do coração. Neste trabalho, estudamos o papel de duas moléculas transmembrânicas do Sistema Renina-Angiotensina: a Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina (ECA) e o Receptor de Angiotensina do tipo I (AT1) como mecanosensoras e mecanotransdutoras dessas forças físicas. A ECA foi por muito tempo conhecida somente por sua ação em converter Angiotensina I em Angiotensina II e por inativar a Bradicinina. Recentemente foi demonstrado que a ECA, além dos efeitos enzimáticos já conhecidos, pode ter sua cauda citoplasmática fosforilada e desencadear vias de sinalização intracelular. Observamos que o shear stress, mas não o estiramento, induziu a diminuição da fosforilação da porção citoplasmática da ECA após 5 minutos de estímulo e se mantém até 18 horas. Demonstramos também que a porção extracelular da ECA tem papel fundamental como mecanosensora e que a via intracelular da JNK participa da mecanotransdução em resposta ao shear stress. Além disto, demonstramos que a diminuição da fosforilação da ECA está associada na diminuição da sua expressão pelo shear stress. O receptor AT1 é a principal molécula efetora das ações da angiotensina II. Recentemente foi demonstrado que esse receptor pode também ser ativado por forças físicas...

Efeitos do treinamento físico aeróbio sobre o sistema renina angiotensina cardíaco e sistêmico de ratos obesos; Effects of aerobic exercise training on cardiac and systemic renin- angiotensin system in obese rats

Barretti, Diego Lopes Mendes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Introdução: A obesidade bem como um aumento da ativação do sistema renina angiotensina cardíaco estão profundamente envolvidos com o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares. Por outro lado, o treinamento físico aeróbio, previne o desenvolvimento da obesidade e reduz o sistema renina angiotensina cardíaco em algumas patologias. Dessa forma, nosso objetivo foi de investigar se a obesidade e sua associação com o treinamento físico aeróbio alteram os componentes do sistema renina angiotensina sistêmico e cardíaco em ratos Zucker obesos. Métodos: Os ratos Zucker foram divididos da seguinte forma: grupo magro (GM), grupo obeso (GO), grupo magro treinado (GMTR) e grupo obeso treinado (GOTR). O Protocolo de treinamento aeróbio de natação foi realizado por um período de 10 semanas com 5 sessões semanais de 60 minutos de duração. A freqüência cardíaca, pressão arterial sistólica, hipertrofia e função cardíaca, bem como os alguns dos componentes do sistema renina angiotensina sistêmico e cardíaco foram avaliadas após o período de treinamento físico. Mensuramos também no final do protocolo de treinamento a glicose, triglicérides, colesterol total, bem como suas frações: lipoproteína de baixa densidade e lipoproteína de alta densidade. Resultados: Ambos os grupos obesos apresentaram um aumento significativo do peso corporal em relação aos grupos magros...

Influence of angiotensin II receptor subtypes of the paraventricular nucleus on the physiological responses induced by angiotensin II injection into the medial septal area

Saad, Wilson Abrão; De Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 401-405
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Objective - We determined the effects of losartan and PD 123319 (antagonists of the AT1 and AT2 angiotensin receptors, respectively), and [Sar1, Ala8] ANG II (a relatively peptide antagonist of angiotensin receptors) injected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on water and 3% NaCl intake, and the diuretic, natriuretic, and pressor effects induced by administration of angiotensin II (ANG II) into the medial septal area (MSA) of conscious rats. Methods - Holtzman rats were used. Animals were anesthetized with tribromoethanol (20 mg) per 100 grams of body weight, ip. A stainless steel guide cannula was implanted into the MSA and PVN. All drugs were injected in 0.5-μl volumes for 10-15 seconds. Seven days after brain surgery, water and 3% NaCl intake, urine and sodium excretion, and arterial blood pressure were measured. Results - Losartan (40 nmol) and [Sar1, Ala8] ANG II (40 nmol) completely eliminated whereas PD 123319 (40 nmol) partially blocked the increase in water and sodium intake and the increase in arterial blood pressure induced by ANG II (10 nmol) injected into the MSA. The PVN administration of PD 123319 and [Sar1, Ala8] ANG II blocked whereas losartan attenuated the diuresis and natriuresis induced by MSA administration of ANG II. Conclusion - MSA involvement with PVN on water and sodium homeostasis and arterial pressure modulation utilizing ANGII receptors is suggested.

Endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitors influences angiotensin II pressor effect in central nervous system

Saad, Wilson Abrão; Guarda, Ismael Francisco Motta Siqueira; Camargo, Luiz Antonio de Arreda; Saad, William Abrão; Guarda, Renata Saad; Santos, A. F. B. Talmir; Simões, Sylvio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 341-347
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
The present study investigated the central role of angiotensin II and nitric oxide on arterial blood pressure (MAP) in rats. Losartan and PD123349 AT 1 and AT 2 (selective no peptides antagonists angiotensin receptors), as well as FK 409 (a nitric oxide donor), N W-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) a constituve nitric oxide synthase inhibitor endothelial (eNOSI) and 7-nitroindazol (7NI) a specific neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (nNOSI) were used. Holtzman strain, (Rattus norvergicus) weighting 200-250 g were anesthetized with zoletil 50 mg kg -1 (tiletamine chloridrate 125 mg and zolazepan chloridrate 125 mg) into quadriceps muscle anda stainless steel cannula was stereotaxically implanted into their Lateral Ventricle (LV). Controls were injected with a 0.5 μl volume of 0.15 M NaCl. Angiotensin II injected into LV increased MAP (19±3 vs. control 3±1 mm Hg), which is potentiated by prior injection of L-NAME in the same site 26±2 mm Hg. 7NI injected prior to ANG II into LV also potentiated the pressor effect of ANG II but with a higher intensity than L-NAME 32±3 mm Hg. FK 409 inhibited the pressor effect of ANG II (6±1 mm Hg). Losartan injected into LV before ANG II influences the pressor effect of ANG II (8±1 mm Hg). The PD 123319 decreased the pressor effects of ANG II (16±1 mm Hg). Losartan injected simultaneously with FK 409 blocked the pressor effect of ANG II (3±1 mm Hg). L-NAME produced an increase in the pressor effect of ANG II...

Increased Expression of Angiotensin II Type 2 Receptors in the Solitary-Vagal Complex Blunts Renovascular Hypertension

Blanch, Graziela Torres; Freiria-Oliveira, Andre Henrique; Fina Speretta, Guilherme Fleury; Carrera, Eduardo J.; Li, Hongwei; Speth, Robert C.; Colombari, Eduardo; Sumners, Colin; Colombari, Debora S. A.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 777-+
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Processo FAPESP: 11/50770-1; Processo FAPESP: 13/50121-9; Angiotensin II increases and decreases arterial pressure by acting at angiotensin type 1 and type 2 receptors, respectively. Renovascular hypertensive rats exhibit a high level of activity of the peripheral and central renin-angiotensin system. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated the effect of increasing the expression of angiotensin type 2 receptors in the solitary-vagal complex (nucleus of the solitary tract/dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus), a key brain stem region for cardiovascular regulation, on the development of renovascular hypertension. Holtzman normotensive rats were implanted with a silver clip around the left renal artery to induce 2-kidney 1-clip renovascular hypertension. Three weeks later, rats were microinjected in the solitary-vagal complex with either an adenoassociated virus to increase the expression of angiotensin type 2 receptors or with a control vector. We observed that increasing angiotensin type 2 receptor expression in the solitary-vagal complex attenuated the development of renovascular hypertension and also reversed the impairment of the baroreflex and the increase in the low-frequency component of systolic blood pressure observed in renovascular hypertensive rats. Furthermore...

Participação do sistema renina-angiotensina nos efeitos metabólicos e cardiovasculares induzidos por estresse crônico em ratos; Role of the renin-angiotensin system on cardiovascular and metabolic effects induced by chronic stress in rats

Andréa Sanches
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
O estresse crônico é um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de hipertensão, aterosclerose e diabetes. O protocolo de estresse crônico moderado e imprevisível (ECMI) é um modelo animal de estresse crônico. Em estudo prévio, foi observado que o ECMI induziu resistência à insulina, dislipidemia e disfunção endotelial, em ratos. Considerando que o aumento na atividade do sistema renina-angiotensina (SRA) tem sido associado à disfunção endotelial e à resistência à insulina, o objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a participação do SRA sobre os efeitos cardiovasculares e metabólicos induzidos pelo ECMI, em ratos. Foram utilizados 62 ratos machos Sprague-Dawley, com dois meses de idade. A duração do período experimental foi de 7 semanas. No Experimento 1, os animais foram divididos em 2 grupos: controle e estresse. O ECMI foi aplicado nas semanas 3, 4 e 5 e os animais foram eutanasiados 1 e 15 dias após a aplicação do protocolo de ECMI. O ECMI aumentou a atividade sistêmica da renina e da enzima conversora de angiotensina (ECA), da ECA na aorta torácica e as concentrações plasmáticas de angiotensina II e angiotensina (1-7). Com base nestes resultados, que mostraram aumento da atividade do SRA induzido pelo ECMI...

Renal actions of angiotensin-(1-7)

Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
The heptapeptide angiotensin-(1-7) is considered to be a biologically active endproduct of the renin-angiotensin system. This angiotensin, which is devoid of the most known actions of angiotensin II such as induction of drinking behavior and vasoconstriction, has several selective effects in the brain and periphery. In the present article we briefly review recent evidence for a physiological role of angiotensin-(1-7) in the control of hydroelectrolyte balance

The hyperglycemia induced by angiotensin II in rats is mediated by AT1 receptors

Machado,L.J.C.; Marubayashi,U.; Reis,A.M.; Coimbra,C.C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
We have shown that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in glucose homeostasis during acute hemorrhage. Since almost all of the physiological actions described for angiotensin II were mediated by AT1 receptors, the present experiments were designed to determine the participation of AT1 receptors in the hyperglycemic action of angiotensin II in freely moving rats. The animals were divided into two experimental groups: 1) animals submitted to intravenous administration of angiotensin II (0.96 nmol/100 g body weight) which caused a rapid increase in plasma glucose reaching the highest values at 5 min after the injection (33% of the initial values, P<0.01), and 2) animals submitted to intravenous administration of DuP-753 (losartan), a non-peptide antagonist of angiotensin II with AT1-receptor type specificity (1.63 µmol/100 g body weight as a bolus, iv, plus a 30-min infusion of 0.018 µmol 100 g body weight-1 min-1 before the injection of angiotensin II), which completely blocked the hyperglycemic response to angiotensin II (P<0.01). This inhibitory effect on glycemia was already demonstrable 5 min (8.9 ± 0.28 mM, angiotensin II, N = 9 vs 6.4 ± 0.22 mM, losartan plus angiotensin II, N = 11) after angiotensin II injection and persisted throughout the 30-min experiment. Controls were treated with the same volume of saline solution (0.15 M NaCl). These data demonstrate that the angiotensin II receptors involved in the direct and indirect hyperglycemic actions of angiotensin II are mainly of the AT1-type.

Reduced plasma levels of angiotensin-(1-7) and renin activity in preeclamptic patients are associated with the angiotensin I- converting enzyme deletion/deletion genotype

Velloso,E.P.; Vieira,R.; Cabral,A.C.; Kalapothakis,E; Santos,R.A.S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
The relationship between preeclampsia and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is poorly understood. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) is a key RAS component and plays an important role in blood pressure homeostasis by generating angiotensin II (Ang II) and inactivating the vasodilator angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)). ACE (I/D) polymorphism is characterized by the insertion (I) or deletion (D) of a 287-bp fragment, leading to changes in ACE activity. In the present study, ACE (I/D) polymorphism was correlated with plasma Ang-(1-7) levels and several RAS components in both preeclamptic (N = 20) and normotensive pregnant women (N = 20). The percentage of the ACE DD genotype (60%) in the preeclamptic group was higher than that for the control group (35%); however, this percentage was not statistically significant (Fisher exact test = 2.86, d.f. = 2, P = 0.260). The highest plasma ACE activity was observed in the ACE DD preeclamptic women (58.1 ± 5.06 vs 27.6 ± 3.25 nmol Hip-His Leu-1 min-1 mL-1 in DD control patients; P = 0.0005). Plasma renin activity was markedly reduced in preeclampsia (0.81 ± 0.2 vs 3.43 ± 0.8 ng Ang I mL plasma-1 h-1 in DD normotensive patients; P = 0.0012). A reduced plasma level of Ang-(1-7) was also observed in preeclamptic women (15.6 ± 1.3 vs 22.7 ± 2.5 pg/mL in the DD control group; P = 0.0146). In contrast...

Angiotensin II type 1 and 2 receptors and lymphatic vessels modulate lung remodeling and fibrosis in systemic sclerosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Parra,Edwin Roger; Ruppert,Aline Domingos Pinto; Capelozzi,Vera Luiza
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
OBJECTIVE: To validate the importance of the angiotensin II receptor isotypes and the lymphatic vessels in systemic sclerosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: We examined angiotensin II type 1 and 2 receptors and lymphatic vessels in the pulmonary tissues obtained from open lung biopsies of 30 patients with systemic sclerosis and 28 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Their histologic patterns included cellular and fibrotic non-specific interstitial pneumonia for systemic sclerosis and usual interstitial pneumonia for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We used immunohistochemistry and histomorphometry to evaluate the number of cells in the alveolar septae and the vessels stained by these markers. Survival curves were also used. RESULTS: We found a significantly increased percentage of septal and vessel cells immunostained for the angiotensin type 1 and 2 receptors in the systemic sclerosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients compared with the controls. A similar percentage of angiotensin 2 receptor positive vessel cells was observed in fibrotic non-specific interstitial pneumonia and usual interstitial pneumonia. A significantly increased percentage of lymphatic vessels was present in the usual interstitial pneumonia group compared with the non-specific interstitial pneumonia and control groups. A Cox regression analysis showed a high risk of death for the patients with usual interstitial pneumonia and a high percentage of vessel cells immunostained for the angiotensin 2 receptor in the lymphatic vessels. CONCLUSION: We concluded that angiotensin II receptor expression in the lung parenchyma can potentially control organ remodeling and fibrosis...

Improved Lipid and glucose metabolism in transgenic rats with increased circulating angiotensin-(1-7)

Santos, S. H. S.; Braga, J. F.; Mario, E. G.; Pôrto, L. C. J.; Rodrigues- Machado, M. G.; Murari, A.; Botion, L. M.; Alenina, N.; Bader, M.; Santos, R. A. S.
Fonte: American Heart Association Publicador: American Heart Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Objective—Obesity and diabetes remain among the world’s most pervasive health problems. Although the importance of angiotensin II for metabolic regulation is well documented, the role of the angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas axis in this process is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increased angiotensin-(1-7) plasma levels in lipid and glucose metabolism using transgenic rats that express an angiotensin-(1-7)-releasing fusion protein, TGR(A1-7)3292 (TGR). Methods and Results—The increased angiotensin-(1-7) levels in TGR induced enhanced glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. In addition, TGR presented decreased triglycerides and cholesterol levels, as well as a significant decrease in abdominal fat mass, despite normal food intake. These alterations were accompanied by a marked decrease of angiotensinogen expression and increased Akt in adipose tissue. Furthermore, augmented plasma levels and expression in adipose tissue was observed for adiponectin. Accordingly, angiotensin-(1-7) stimulation increased adiponectin production by primary adipocyte culture, which was blocked by the Mas antagonist A779. Circulating insulin and muscle glycogen content were not altered in TGR. Conclusion—These results show that increased circulating angiotensin-(1-7) levels lead to prominent changes in glucose and lipid metabolism.

Evidence against a major role of angiotensin converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase (ACE2) in angiotensin peptide metabolism in the human coronary circulation

Campbell, D.; Zeitz, C.; Esler, M.; Horowitz, J.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of angiotensin-converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase (ACE2) in angiotensin peptide metabolism in the human coronary circulation. METHODS: Angiotensin I and angiotensin II, and their respective carboxypeptidase metabolites, angiotensin-(1-9) and angiotensin-(1-7), were measured in arterial and coronary sinus blood of heart failure subjects receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy and in normal subjects not receiving ACE inhibitor therapy. In addition, angiotensin I, angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) were measured in arterial and coronary sinus blood of subjects with coronary artery disease before, and at 2, 5 and 10 min after, intravenous administration of ACE inhibitor. RESULTS: In comparison with normal subjects, heart failure subjects receiving ACE inhibitor therapy had a greater than 40-fold increase in angiotensin I levels, but angiotensin-(1-9) levels were low (1-2 fmol/ml), and similar to those of normal subjects. Moreover, angiotensin-(1-7) levels increased in parallel with angiotensin I levels and the angiotensin-(1-7)/angiotensin II ratio increased by 7.5-fold in coronary sinus blood. Intravenous administration of ACE inhibitor to subjects with coronary artery disease rapidly decreased angiotensin II levels by 54-58% and increased angiotensin I levels by 2.4- to 2.8-fold...

Analysis of the Cochrane Review: Angiotensin Converging Enzyme Inhibitors Versus Angiotensin Receptor Blockers for Primary Hypertension. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014,8: CD009096.; Análise da Revisão Cochrane: Inibidores da Enzima de Conversão da Angiotensina Versus Antagonistas do Receptor da Angiotensina como Prevenção Cardiovascular na Hipertensão Essencial. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014,8: CD009096.

Nogueira-Silva, Luís; Serviço de Medicina Interna. Centro Hospitalar S. João., E.P.E. Porto. Portugal. Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Sistemas de Informação em Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. Portugal.; Fonseca
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are first line drugs in the treatment of hypertension. The aim of this review was to assess if there are differences between these drug classes regarding the prevention of total mortality, occurrence of cardiovascular events and of adverse effects. A systematic review and metanalysis was performed, searching for studies that compare angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers face-to-face, in several databases until July 2014. The study selection and data extraction were performed by 2 independent researchers. Nine studies were included, with a total of 10 963 participants, 9 398 of which participated in the same study and had high cardiovascular risk. No differences were observed regarding total mortality, cardiovascular mortality or total cardiovascular events. A slightly smaller risk was observed with angiotensin receptor blockers regarding withdrawal due to adverse effects (55 people were needed to be treated with angiotensin receptor blockers for 4.1 years to avoid one withdrawal due to adverse effect), mainly due to the occurrence of dry cough with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. Thus, no differences were observed between angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers in the prevention of total mortality and cardiovascular events...

Bi-directional actions of estrogen on the renin-angiotensin system

Brosnihan,K.B.; Senanayake,P.S.; Li,P.; Ferrario,C.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1999 EN
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36.88%
Estrogen stimulates the renin-angiotensin system by augmenting both tissue and circulating levels of angiotensinogen and renin. We show, however, that angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in the circulation and in tissues is reduced in two animal models of postmenopausal chronic hormone replacement. We observed a reduction of ACE activity in association with a significant increase in plasma angiotensin I (Ang I) and hyperreninemia in ovariectomized monkeys treated with Premarin (conjugated equine estrogen) replacement for 30 months. Plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) levels were not increased in monkeys treated with estrogen, suggesting that the decrease in ACE curtailed the formation of the peptide. The Ang II/Ang I ratio, an in vivo index of ACE activity, was significantly reduced by estrogen treatment, further supporting the biochemical significance of estrogen's inhibition of ACE. In ovariectomized transgenic hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats submitted to estrogen replacement treatment for 3 weeks, ACE activity in plasma and tissue (aorta and kidney) and circulating Ang II levels were reduced, whereas circulating levels of angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7) were increased. Ang-(1-7), the N-terminal fragment of Ang II, is a novel vasodilator and antihypertensive peptide. Thus...

Increased aortic NADPH oxidase activity in rats with genetically high angiotensin-converting enzyme levels

Ocaranza, María Paz; Bargetto, Jorge; Pérez, Alfonso; Galaz, Alfonso; Lavandero González, Sergio; Jalil Milad, Jorge
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artículo de revista
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
In humans and rats, angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity is significantly determined by a gene polymorphism. Homozygous Brown Norway rats have higher plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity and circulating angiotensin II (Ang II) levels than Lewis rats. Because Ang II induces NAD(P) H oxidase activation, we hypothesized here that Brown Norway rats have higher vascular NAD(P) H oxidase activity and superoxide anion production than Lewis rats. Homozygous Brown Norway (n = 15) and Lewis (n = 13) male rats were used. Plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity (by fluorimetry), Ang II levels (by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay), and aortic NAD(P) H oxidase activity, as well as superoxide anion production ( by chemiluminescence with lucigenin) were measured. Plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity and Ang II levels were 100% higher in Brown Norway rats than in Lewis rats (P < 0.05). Aortic angiotensin I-converting enzyme, but not Ang II, was elevated (P < 0.05). Aortic superoxide anion production and NAD(P) H oxidase activity were 300% and 260% higher in Brown Norway than in Lewis rats, respectively (P < 0.05), which was not observed in Brown Norway rats treated with candesartan (10 mg/kg per day for 7 days). Endothelial NO synthase activity in the aorta from Brown Norway rats was significantly lower than in Lewis rats. However...