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New β-Lactamase Inhibitors: a Therapeutic Renaissance in an MDR World

Drawz, Sarah M.; Papp-Wallace, Krisztina M.; Bonomo, Robert A.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
As the incidence of Gram-negative bacterial infections for which few effective treatments remain increases, so does the contribution of drug-hydrolyzing β-lactamase enzymes to this serious clinical problem. This review highlights recent advances in β-lactamase inhibitors and focuses on agents with novel mechanisms of action against a wide range of enzymes. To this end, we review the β-lactamase inhibitors currently in clinical trials, select agents still in preclinical development, and older therapeutic approaches that are being revisited. Particular emphasis is placed on the activity of compounds at the forefront of the developmental pipeline, including the diazabicyclooctane inhibitors (avibactam and MK-7655) and the boronate RPX7009. With its novel reversible mechanism, avibactam stands to be the first new β-lactamase inhibitor brought into clinical use in the past 2 decades. Our discussion includes the importance of selecting the appropriate partner β-lactam and dosing regimens for these promising agents. This “renaissance” of β-lactamase inhibitors offers new hope in a world plagued by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria.

All Together Now! Publics and Participation in American Idol

Cowell, Simon
Fonte: University of Rochester. Publicador: University of Rochester.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.94%
In the analysis that follows, I shall examine the relation of identity to the notions of embodiment and abstraction in the context of the television talent show, and think through how this, in turn, relates to questions of performance and performativity. As, arguably, an exemplary popular form, drawing its cast of characters, as it does, from that contested notion of the “general public,” American Idol and its ilk also invite an enquiry into issues of participation, democracy and the public sphere. In the last few years, television schedules in the United States and in Britain have seen a renaissance of the talent contest. But what is to be made of the reappearance of this familiar genre and its, if we are to believe the ratings, renewed popularity? What is at stake, ideologically speaking, in these kinds of shows, both in terms of involvement and spectatorship? Within the limits of this paper, I shall focus on the American Idol series, as it provides, I feel, the most productive ground for an elaboration of my concerns.

Forms of freedom : aesthetics, law, and politics in the American Renaissance

Hannum, Dustin E. (1979 - ); Michael, John (1953 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:vii, 244 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of English, 2012.; Forms of Freedom: Aesthetics, Law, and Politics in the American Renaissance reconsiders the relationship between aesthetics and democratic authority during the most tumultuous period of American history: the decade before the Civil War. It argues that, for antebellum Americans, aesthetics and law were not just related, but mutually informing categories. The United States’ emergent national identity hinged on both its perception of itself as a nation devoted to universal principles of justice and democratic sovereignty—in a word, “freedom”—and the preservation of those sacred principles by foundational texts that gave formal expression to them. This was a particular problem for the United States in the 1850s, as the nation became increasingly divided over the conflict between its abstract and universalist ideals, and its established legal and political institutions—notably slavery. The simultaneous and conflicting emphasis on the authority of texts, the autonomy of the individual, and the need for rational consensus thus created fundamental dilemmas that troubled Americans deeply during the period that was long seen as a time of the cultural flowering of the potentialities of democracy. This dissertation argues...

Hispanic Orientalism: The Literary Development of a Cultural Paradigm, from Medieval Spain to Modern Latin America

Tyutina, Svetlana V.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.97%
This dissertation offers a novel approach to Hispanic Orientalism, developing a dynamic paradigm from its origins in medieval and Renaissance Iberia during the process of the Christian Reconquest, to its transatlantic migration and establishment in the early years of the Colony, from where it changed in late colonial and post-Independence Latin America, and onto modernity. The study argues that Hispanic Orientalism does not necessarily imply a negative depiction of the Other, a quality associated with the traditional critique of Saidian Orientalism. Neither, does it entirely comply with the positivist approach suggested in the theoretical research of Said’s opponents, like Julia Kushigian. This dissertation also argues that sociopolitical changes and the shift in the discourse of powers, from imperial to non-imperial, had a significant impact of the development of Hispanic Orientalism, shaping the relationship with the Other. The methodology involves close reading of representative texts depicting the interactions of the dominant and dominated societies from each of the four historic periods that coincided with significant sociopolitical transformations in Hispanic society. Through an intercultural approach to literary studies, social history...

Hispanic orientalism: The literary development of a cultural paradigm, from medieval Spain to modern Latin America

Tyutina, Svetlana
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.9%
This dissertation offers a novel approach to Hispanic Orientalism, developing a dynamic paradigm from its origins in medieval and Renaissance Iberia during the process of the Christian Reconquest, to its transatlantic migration and establishment in the early years of the Colony, from where it changed in late colonial and post-Independence Latin America, and onto modernity. ^ The study argues that Hispanic Orientalism does not necessarily imply a negative depiction of the Other, a quality associated with the traditional critique of Saidian Orientalism. Neither, does it entirely comply with the positivist approach suggested in the theoretical research of Said’s opponents, like Julia Kushigian. This dissertation also argues that sociopolitical changes and the shift in the discourse of powers, from imperial to non-imperial, had a significant impact of the development of Hispanic Orientalism, shaping the relationship with the Other. The methodology involves close reading of representative texts depicting the interactions of the dominant and dominated societies from each of the four historic periods that coincided with significant sociopolitical transformations in Hispanic society. Through an intercultural approach to literary studies...

2005 Program and Abstracts for the Annual Meeting of the American Folklore Society

American Folklore Society
Fonte: American Folklore Society Publicador: American Folklore Society
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
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This document is the conference program and abstracts for the annual meeting: ???Folklore, Equal Access, and Social Justice??? of the American Folklore Society held at the Renaissance Atlanta Hotel Downtown in Atlanta, GA on October 19-23, 2005.

Charles Homer Haskins and Medieval Science

Edward Grant; Grant, Edward
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 79872 bytes; application/msword
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Delivered in Chicago on December 28, 1984 at a session entitled "Medieval History in America: Charles Homer Haskins"; Although George Orwell made the year 1984 infamous, the very antithesis of intellectual inquiry and achievement, historians, historians of science, and historians of medieval science in particular, have good reason to celebrate this much-abused year. It is of course the centennial of the American Historical Association of which the History of Science Society feels itself a vital part. It is also the 60th anniversary of the founding of the History of Science Society and the 60th anniversary of Haskins's great volume on medieval science. One more significant anniversary must also be mentioned: it is the 100th anniversary of the birth of George Sarton, who was not only the founder of the journal Isis, and the moving force behind the formation of the History of Science Society, but a friend and admirer of Charles Haskins. In truth, although Sarton had been trained as a scientist, he was more a medievalist than anything else, as monumental three volume work, Introduction to the History of Science, attests. It was undoubtedly Sarton who recruited his Harvard colleague, Haskins, as a member of the organizing committee of the History of Science Society. Haskins's publications in Isis probably derived from his relationship with Sarton...

Dangerous crossroads: Mestizaje in the U.S. Latino/a imaginary

Escobedo, John L.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 197 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.22%
My dissertation interrogates mestizaje and nationalism to rethink academic tendencies that construct resistant methodologies and singular national representations of hybrid theories and racial identities. To ground this argument, chapters one and two analyze how nationalism compromises current theoretical and feminist uses of mestizaje. The introductory chapter traces the influence of Latin American cultural theorists such as Jose Vasconcelos (1925) and Fernando Ortiz (1940) on contemporary U.S. Latino/a cultural critics. I argue that by selectively borrowing theoretical elements from Ortiz and Vasconcelos, U.S. Latino/a scholars unintentionally consolidate divergent Latino/a histories as well as ignore issues of nation building, class differences, and racial tensions to promote a unitary discourse of subversive mestizaje. Likewise, my analysis of Jovita Gonzalez's novel Caballero (1930) reveals how Gonzalez's feminist tactics counteract Mexico's patriarchal oppression of women by going against traditional feminist themes esteemed in Chicano/a Studies. For Gonzalez, nationalist tropes of indigenous curanderismo (spirituality) and magical realism insufficiently respond to the needs of oppressed Mexican American women. The final two chapters evaluate the ramifications of constructing unitary racial identities of whiteness and blackness. My final investigation uncovers the existence of ethnicities within North American racial categorizations of whiteness and blackness that provide new insights to mestizaje 's disruption of ordered classifications of race in the United States. Chapter three argues that the southeastern European immigrant experience of racial inclusion and exclusion from Anglo Saxon whiteness allowed Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton to play off of new conceptions of whiteness in an evolving imaginary of white U.S. mestizaje to write her novels The Squatter and the Don (1885) and Who Would Have Thought It? (1872). Chapter four examines the rise of the New Negro Movement during the Harlem Renaissance as a cultural event that required the erasure of individuals in the black community who did not mirror the collective identity of African Americans. This chapter specifically studies Puerto Rican archivist Arthur A. Schomburg as a figure who broadened the conception of the New Negro to recognize the intellectual participation and contribution of Afro Caribbeans to the Harlem Renaissance.

Regionalism, race, and the meaning of the Southern past: Professional history in the American South, 1896--1961

Johnson, Bethany Leigh
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 532 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
This dissertation is a study of organized, professional history in the American South centered on two formal associations: the Southern History Association (1896--1907) and the Southern Historical Association (1934--present), which sponsors the Journal of Southern History. The professional historians who led these associations emerged from the memorialization culture of the Lost Cause at the turn of the twentieth-century and formed the historical wing of the resurgent intellectual commitment to regional identity that fostered the so-called Southern Renaissance. As participant intellectuals in sectional reconciliation, constitutional disfranchisement, the Great Depression, World War II, and the incipient civil rights movement, these historians often found themselves at the center of important debates about regional identity and social change in the South. This dissertation follows the protracted intellectual and political battle first to segregate and then to integrate the southern historical profession and indeed the idea of "southern history" itself. Though largely white, these historians intended to be neither pro-Confederate, sectionally chauvinistic, nor nostalgic in motivation. Instead, they constantly negotiated between their regional devotion and their national ambition...

Unveiling passing : a reading of Nella Larsen's life story and literary work

Müller, Luciane Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
Esta dissertação apresenta uma leitura do romance Passing, com o foco na caracterização e enredo a partir da perspectiva de duas questões inter-relacionadas. Primeiro, a leitura examina a questão da maternidade e a questão da raça na caracterização de duas protagonistas, considerando que ambas as questões sustentam uma importância histórica no contexto de vida das mulheres negras daquele período, como os biógrafos de autores testemunham. Segundo, a leitura enfatiza as correlações de enredo e desejo como uma forma de entender o que está em jogo na narrativa. O romance foi publicado em 1929 pela escritora Afro-Americana Nella Larsen durante o movimento estético e cultural chamado Harlem Renaissance, um movimento cujo apogeu na década de 20 do século passado causou um crescimento da consciência social e o surgimento da literatura moderna Afro-Americana. Em uma década, o tema ‘passing’ constituiu um dos tópicos privilegiados em vários romances por escritores Afro-Americanos. Minha análise se sustenta a partir de diferentes fontes: relações entre mãe/filha a partir de Marianne Hirsch e Nancy J. Chodorow; a questão da raça e conflitos de ‘passing’ a partir de Thadious M. Davis, Elaine K. Ginsberg e Martha J. Cutter...

La influencia del utopismo renacentista en la consolidación de la identidad internacional de Hispanoamérica. Estudio de caso : Tomaso de Campanella y la Teología de la Liberación

Carvajal Jaramillo, Ana María
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2009 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
El descubrimiento de América significó el ensanchamiento de las fronteras mentales que sobre el universo tenían los europeos renacentistas. La existencia de un Nuevo Mundo produjo la necesidad en filósofos y escritores de crear sociedades imaginarias que debían ser implantadas allende el océano como ideales de perfección o utopías. Esta corriente de creadores utópicos que prometían construir una América virtuosa y libre de los vicios de la desgastada Europa, conocido ahora como el Utopismo Renacentista, selló para siempre el destino histórico de la América Hispánica. El Nuevo Mundo sería desde su más temprana colonización el crisol de los anhelos humanos y el origen mismo de las utopías. Fenómenos tales como el caudillismo, el populismo, la Teología de la Liberación, entre otros, profundamente enraizados en el espíritu hispanoamericano, pueden ser también comprendidos a partir del carácter utópico del continente, y por tanto, el utopismo se convierte en rasgo fundamental de la identidad internacional de Hispanoamérica. El caso de la Teología de la Liberación es analizado a la luz de la obra del filósofo italiano Tomaso de Campanella, La Ciudad del Sol, donde se encuentra que aspectos como el comunitarismo...

Las implicaciones de la expansión china en el sudeste asiático

Jaramillo Jassir, Mauricio; Gómez Hormaza, Camila
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/04/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
El artículo presenta la génesis, proceso e implicaciones de la expansión estratégica de la República Popular China hacia el Sudeste asiático. En ese sentido, la hipótesis que se presenta es que Beijing aspira a un renacer pacífico en el Sur con objetivos en el campo económico, estratégico y político. En el plano de la economía lo que se pretende es la estabilidad en el vecindario, condición fundamental para el éxito de su modelo económico, financiero y comercial. En el ámbito estratégico se busca un acceso a fuentes de energía alternativas al carbón, y en lo político, China ha buscado reducir la influencia americana y disminuir el margen de maniobra de Taiwán. En una primera parte se presenta un análisis histórico para introducir al lector en las variables históricas más relevantes para la comprensión del tema en cuestión. En la segunda se estudia el litigio del Mar del Sur de China y la importancia que éste posee política y geoestratégicamente. Finalmente, se examina la influencia china en el Sudeste asiático en tres campos: el cultural, el económico del cual hace parte el financiero y comercial y por último en el geoestratégico.-----L’article illustre la genèse, le processus et les implications de l’expansion stratégique de la République Populaire Chine dans le Sud-est Asiatique. De ce fait...

Valuable bridges : cable-stayed bridges and value engineering in American civil engineering culture, 1969-1979; Cable-stayed bridges and value engineering in American civil engineering culture

Samuels, Fallon M. (Fallon Michele)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 109 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
A history and theory of cable-stayed bridges in the context of a cultural discourse on civil construction projects' value, this thesis studies the significance of cable-stayed bridge designs to 'value engineering' objectives for major highway bridge projects of the 1970s. This study of preliminary designs and feasibility studies for highway bridges presents the alternate bridge designs versus alternative bridge typologies selected during this period as one instance of American civil engineering culture adapting to major bridge projects the economically measured but industrial approach to choosing, reconfiguring and eliminating construction systems of value engineering. Only as analytical mechanisms of bridge construction that figure as economically competitive in prevailing market conditions do the high-capital and technologically innovative bridge designs of the Luling Bridge (LA, 1978) and the Pasco-Kennewick Bridge (WA, 1977) develop into physical constructions built almost exclusively with federal highway funds. This shift in cable-stayed bridge designs' fate from abandoned projects in the 1960s is discussed as the reflection of structural engineers' engaging in the post-capitalist practices of analytical and then physical systems building...

The New England Renaissance and American Literary Ethnocentrism

Buell, Lawrence
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
Just as patriot orators invoked the spirit of Puritanism in their remonstrances against British tyranny, just as the nineteenth-century cult of Pilgrimism taught all America to look back upon the Pilgrim fathers as everyone's fathers, so modern American intellectual history has proclaimed the Puritan origins of the American way. The result has been a scholarly upsurge, during the past half-century, of “Puritan legacy” studies, of which Perry Miller was the prime mover and Sacvan Bercovitch is the leading contemporary theorist. So far as the interpretation of literary history is concerned, these studies have given a new authority and depth to the old New England-centered map of American literary tradition first drawn up by the Yankee-oriented genteel intellectual establishment of the late nineteenth century that presided over the literary institutions whose prestige had been built upon the reputation of the perpetrators of the antebellum New England Renaissance. The old-fashioned interpretation of American literary history and the new-fashioned interpretation of American civil religion as a nationalized version of Puritan ideology have combined to create a strong presumption, at least for specialists in New England Romantic literature...

Black Notes on Asia: Composite Figurations of Asia in the African American Transcultural Imagination, 1923-2013

Arimitsu, Michio
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
Black Notes on Asia: Composite Figurations of Asia in the African American Transcultural Imagination, 1923-2013 sheds new light on the hitherto neglected engagements of African American writers and thinkers with various literary, cultural, and artistic traditions of Asia. Starting with a reevaluation of Lewis G. Alexander's transcultural remaking of haiku in 1923, this dissertation interrogates and revises the familiar interracial (read as "black-white") terms of the African American struggle for freedom and equality. While critics have long taken for granted these terms as the sine qua non of the African American literary imagination and practice, this dissertation demonstrates how authors like Alexander defied not only the implicit dichotomy of black-and-white but also the critical bias that represents African American literature as a nationally segregated tradition distinctly cut off from cultural sources beyond the border of the United States and made legible only within its narrowly racialized and racializing contexts.; African and African American Studies

Garden Work: The Horticultural Formation of American Literature, 1850-1930

Wierzbicki, Kaye Jocelyn
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Garden Work argues that American literature's sense of form developed as part of an ongoing theoretical conversation with the field of garden design. Of particular significance to American writers was a horticultural dispute that took on a renewed sense of urgency in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: that between the garden naturalists, who crafted gardens to look like un-designed natural spaces, and the garden formalists, who crafted gardens that visually distinguish between human and wilderness sites. This dissertation identifies a literary cohort within this horticentric period--Nathaniel Hawthorne, Sarah Orne Jewett, Edith Wharton, and Willa Cather--who enter into the naturalism/formalism debates via their garden journals, environmental reforms, manifestoes, and the design of their own yards and gardens. Though initially attracted to garden design for different reasons, these authors all become increasingly skeptical of the ideological assumptions behind garden naturalism and increasingly fascinated by old-fashioned traditions of formal gardening, such as Italian, French, and Colonial Revival gardens. Garden Work reveals both the impact that garden design has on America's literary history and the theoretical contributions that literature can make to garden design. On the one hand...

Lois Mailou Jones, Diasporic Art Practice, and Africa in the 20th Century

VanDiver, Rebecca Elizabeth Keegan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%

This dissertation, Loïs Mailou Jones, Diasporic Art Practice, and Africa in the 20th Century, investigates the evolving dialogue between twentieth-century African-American artists and Africa--its objects, peoples, diasporas, and topography. The four chapters follow the career of artist Loïs Mailou Jones (1905-1998) and focus on periods when ideas about blackness in an African-American context and its connection to Africa were at the forefront of artistic and cultural discourses. Chapter 1 traces African-American artists contact with African art during the first decades of the twentieth century. Chapter 2 examines Jones's use of Africa in her art produced at the start of her career (1920s -1940s) and repositions her in relation to the Harlem Renaissance and Négritude movements. Chapter 3 considers Jones's engagements with the African Diaspora via travels to France, the Caribbean, and Africa in the 1960s and 1970s, voyages that I argue result in the creation of a Black Diasporic art practice predicated upon the act of viewing. Chapter 4 critiques the signifying grasp of Africa in African American art. By looking at Jones's turn to pastiche as an aesthetic choice and cultural commentary, the chapter argues that that the possibility of a seamless reconciliation of Africa in African American art is impossible. Where the limited scholarly discourse on the subject has emphasized a heritage-based relationship between Black artists and Africa...

Communications sourcebook

Vantine, Karin
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
In yesteryear a "Renaissance Man" represented the pinnacle of learning. He was a person who knew something about everything. Society had great respect for his diversity. Today, in our society, the "Renaissance Man" has been replaced by the specialist. It is almost impossible to be proficient in a multiple of differing fields due to the massive amounts of in-depth information, yet it is possible to be a well-rounded individual by simply taking complete advantage of the American educational system. Unfortunately, society is constantly stressing a specialization within one's own profession with a disregard for all other branches of learning. This constant pressure is presently forcing our schools to metamorphosis into vocational training grounds. This creates two problems: it produces a vast number of partially educated people who are poorly trained for much more beyond the limits of their jobs and it forces students to shun subjects which do not translate directly into a job in preference of those which lead to more financial gain.

O quinteto da Renascença americana no Brasil; The american renaissance quintet in brazil

Bottmann, Denise; Tradutora independente
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/07/2014 POR
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66.29%
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2015v35nesp1p190 Este levantamento abrange uma ampla bibliografia das obras dos cinco autores que formaram a chamada “Renascença americana”, traduzidas e publicadas em livro no Brasil até o momento. Seu objetivo é fornecer uma base de dados para pesquisadores da área, servindo como compilação consolidada de informações primárias até então dispersas em várias fontes.; This survey provides extensive bibliographical data on the works by the five authors who shaped the so-called American Renaissance, which have been translated into Portuguese and published as book in Brazil until the present day. It has as its purpose to be useful as a sort of archive for ulterior researchers, who will be able to find here many primary data which were until now scattered among several sources.

The American Indian Civil Rights Movement: A case study in Civil Society Protest

Garcia,Kevin A
Fonte: Yesterday and Today Publicador: Yesterday and Today
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
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26.02%
The Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) of 2012 focuses on certain aspects of the social upheaval the US experienced during the 1960s and 1970s. Under the heading of "Civil society protests of the 1950s to the 1970s", grade 12 learners examine the American Civil Rights and Black Power movements, the Women's movement, and the various peace movements, of that period. However, most South African educators and students are unfamiliar with another, similar movement of the same time period, the American Indian people's movement for civil rights. Some familiarity with this movement and its historical background may offer the classroom teacher an opportunity for the enrichment of historical study and learning. Knowledge of this movement can provide a broader context for the topics specified by CAPS. The history of the Native American peoples is often neglected in the study of US history. Just as the history of the African people of South Africa has become central to a complete understanding of the development of this country, so a renaissance in the study of American Indian history has become important in history teaching and learning in the United States. In particular American race relations issues are better understood in a context of black-white-Indian issues than in terms of a simple black-white bi-polarity. Furthermore...