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As áreas vocacionais no currículo de turmas de percursos curriculares alternativos : um estudo de caso

Santos, Maria da Glória Soares Lopes dos
Fonte: Universidade Aberta de Portugal Publicador: Universidade Aberta de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Supervisão Pedagógica apresentada à Universidade Aberta; Com esta investigação pretende-se conhecer o sentido e o significado de percursos curriculares alternativos, com incidência nas implicações que a criação de turmas sujeitas a este tipo de percursos poderão ter na inclusão de jovens, permitindo a diversificação de modelos de oferta pedagógica no âmbito da escolaridade obrigatória. Numa escola que, cada vez mais, se caracteriza como um espaço plural, do ponto de vista social e cultural e em que as motivações, os interesses, as expetativas e as capacidades de aprendizagem dos alunos que a frequentam são muito díspares, importará evidenciar contextos e procurar respostas à sua diversidade através de diferenciações curriculares, tanto na organização como na substância. Parece haver acordo entre todas as forças sociais e políticas quanto à grande finalidade do sistema escolar: garantir a igualdade de oportunidades de acesso e sucesso educativo para todas as crianças e jovens; promover a sua inclusão através de respostas pedagógicas diversificadas e adequadas às suas necessidades e características específicas e permitir o seu desenvolvimento global e a sua formação integral como cidadãos. Para atingir esta finalidade têm sido propostas e aplicadas várias medidas...

Objetivos educacionais na pedagogia das humanidades médicas: taxonomias alternativas (campos de significado e competências); Educational objectives in the teaching of medical humanities: alternative taxonomies (realms of meanings and competencies)

TAPAJÓS, Ricardo
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Os currículos médicos estão preocupados em formar médicos detentores de traços humanísticos, que passam, assim, a ser objetivos educacionais. Deve-se desenvolver, então, a sua pedagogia. Como objetivos, podem ser tratados pedagogicamente com base nos corpos conceituais teóricos que informam o planejamento de currículos, como a taxonomia de objetivos educacionais clássica, que compreende os domínios cognitivo, afetivo e psicomotor. Esta taxonomia dá conta de muitos dos objetivos relacionados aos traços humanísticos, organizando-os e facilitando a tarefa de planejamento educacional nessa área, mas deixa marginalizados alguns aspectos do conhecimento humano cruciais para as Humanidades, como os objetivos que se referem a autoconhecimento, amadurecimento e à individuação, reconhecimento dos próprios sentimentos e habilidades de comunicação interpessoal. Devem-se, então, buscar outros sistemas conceituais como referenciais teóricos mais adequados às Humanidades. É possível que se possa usar as taxonomias de maneira aditiva, procurando objetivos humanísticos em cada uma das categorias e subcategorias das diversas taxonomias. Assim, aumenta-se a abrangência do corpo de objetivos educacionais de natureza humanística.; Medical curricula are concerned with preparing physicians with humanistic traits. Thus...

Integração dos quadros interactivos multimédia em contexto educativo : um estudo de impacte numa escola de Leiria

Pereira, Ana Sofia do Coito Alves
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
É cada vez mais importante o desenvolvimento de métodos e estratégias que fomentem a qualidade do ensino e combatam o insucesso escolar. O recurso às novas tecnologias da informação e comunicação, nomeadamente o uso do quadro interactivo multimédia, tem contribuído para a elaboração de materiais pedagógicos mais diversificados. O SMART Board veio trazer uma lufada de ar fresco para a melhoria dos métodos e estratégias a implementar na sala de aula, promovendo a utilização de elementos multimédia durante a elaboração dos materiais pedagógicos e proporcionando maior diversidade e maior interactividade, permitindo novas formas de apresentação do conhecimento e possibilitando um maior envolvimento entre os intervenientes no processo de ensino e de aprendizagem. A presente investigação foi desenvolvida por recurso à metodologia própria de um estudo de caso de investigação qualitativa, sendo que se recorreu a quatro professores e a 6 turmas, duas do 7º Ano e duas do 9º Ano, ambas do ensino regular, e duas que, não pertencendo ao ensino regular, têm equivalência ao 9º Ano: uma turma do segundo ano dos Cursos de Educação e Formação da área de Electricistas de Instalações e uma turma do terceiro ano dos Currículos Alternativos da área Artes Decorativas. Relativamente aos instrumentos de recolha de dados...

Labirintos da justiça na escola : representações e práticas de alunos e professores

Seiça, Aline Bernardes
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Tese de doutoramento, Educação (Supervisão e Orientação da Prática Profissional), Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Educação, 2015; No contexto hegemónico das políticas neoliberais, a União Europeia e a OCDE têm emitido orientações para a educação que encontraram acolhimento nas políticas educativas portuguesas. A argumentação que fundamenta estas orientações parece tentar a conciliação entre finalidades economicistas e finalidades sociais da educação. Por um lado, uma lógica de inclusão justifica medidas educativas que permitam a redução do insucesso e do abandono escolares; a recuperação do programa de “territorialização de políticas educativas de intervenção prioritária” inscreve-se nesta lógica. Por outro, uma lógica de competição justifica medidas selectivas de acordo com critérios meritocráticos. Esta dupla orientação transporta para a escola um conflito de interesses cujo sentido de justiça é notório e que se constitui, por isso como um problema de justiça educativa. São as seguintes as questões orientadoras do estudo: (1) Que princípios de justiça presidem à organização das práticas e à distribuição dos bens educativos? (2) Em que medida, e por que formas as representações de justiça e as práticas e interacções de alunos e professores concorrem para a emergência de uma justiça que seja dominante na escola? (3) Há diferenças entre escolas relativamente às concepções de justiça? É na área temática da justiça educativa que este estudo se situa. Tem como objectivos principais a caracterização normativa da escola emergente dos documentos reguladores e a compreensão das interpretações de justiça que alunos e professores constroem em relação às suas experiências escolares. A finalidade pretendida é a caracterização da escola no que diz respeito às dinâmicas de justiça resultantes da conjugação dos vários factores que aí confluem. A ética filosófica...

Developing Post-Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa : Assessing the Financial Sustainability of Alternative Pathways

Mingat, Alain; Ledoux, Blandine; Rakotomalala, Ramahatra
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
All countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) face the prospect of a substantial increase in the number of primary school completers in the coming years. Although initial conditions vary widely from country to country, this increase will inevitably intensify pressure on the education system, particularly at the secondary and tertiary levels. African countries may thus find it timely to align their education policies and strategies to the emerging challenges. A key goal is to ensure that the education system continues to develop in an efficient, equitable, and fiscally sustainable manner even as it expands to accommodate the rising numbers seeking a place in secondary and tertiary education. The rest of this report is organized as follows. Chapter two elaborates the policy context for education development in SSA. Chapter three explains the methodology and data sources. Chapter four examines the challenges and constraints posed by the sheer volume of increases in enrollments in post-primary education with which most education systems in SSA must grapple in the coming years. Taking these constraints into account...

Universal Secondary Education (USE) in Guyana

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
In 2002, Guyana adopted a broadly-based five year plan (2003-2007) to achieve universal secondary education (USE), with a strategy to convert secondary classes in primary schools and grade 7-10 community high schools into General Secondary Schools (GSS) in which all students could present for the Caribbean Examination Certificate (CXC) or an alternative competency-based Certificate. Current status of secondary education (chapter one) summarizes the performance of public schools in Guyana against the Ministry of Education (MOE) policy on universal secondary education (2002), trends evident in the annual statistical digests, and the broad issues presented to Senior MOE officers on 13 December and to the Minister on 19 December 2007. Improving secondary student participation (chapter two) examines national and regional trends in population, enrollment, low levels of apparent transition from primary to secondary schools, poor secondary school entry examination (SSEE) results and issues related to the "size" of secondary schools. Upgrading and qualifying teachers (chapter three) identifies small school enrollment issues in earlier chapters with the enrollment required to offer a viable secondary curriculum...

India - Karnataka : Secondary Education and the New Agenda for Economic Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The report addresses three major concerns of policy makers in Karnataka, on which there is little prior information, or research, namely whether the expansion in student places at the secondary, and higher secondary levels, is justified on economic grounds; how do secondary school drop-outs from disadvantaged, or poor backgrounds perform in the labor market, and in continuing into higher education: is it worse than students from more advantaged backgrounds?; and, is vocational training a desirable alternative to general higher education, in terms of improving labor market performance? State specific data on employment, unemployment, and earnings is used form the National Sample Survey 1993/94, and from a tracer study conducted in 2001. This study provides more recent data on the labor market performance of new entrants with secondary education, and the patterns of transition into higher education: the transition rate is very high - some two thirds of lower secondary students, and 87 percent of higher secondary students...

Pakistan : An Assessment of the Medium-Term Development Framework

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The Policy Note is an assessment of the Medium-Term Development Framework (MTDF), along with an estimate of the projected budgetary impact of the Framework, and an elaboration of some specific critical aspects. The MTDF is the Pakistani version of a higher education strategy. It is assessed for soundness, consistency, and realism of the objectives and associated programs. The Note tests the MTDF through the simulation of budgetary impact, and proposes alternative scenarios for funding the development of universities and the higher education subsector from both public and private sources. The Note complements the MTDF in the following areas: quality, relevance, and accreditation; public and private partnerships; governance and management; costs and financing of the MTDF; and communication.

Kyrgyz Republic; Social Sectors at a Glance

Azevedo, Joao Pedro; Calvo, Paula; Nguyen, Minh; Posadas, Josefina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Traditional benchmarks to assess performance rely on unconditional rankings or regional averages. This paper uses a recently developed methodology based on quantile regressions and initial conditions to propose alternative benchmarks for social sectors in Kyrgyz Republic. Covering a wide set of indicators, the analysis reveals mixed results for Kyrgyz Republic. The country has made important strides in many social areas, with outstanding results in reducing child mortality and undernourishment. However, other areas are still key challenges and demand further attention and resources, as evidenced by the underachievement in maternal mortality, educational performance, and increasing informality in labor markets.

The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities; Dunya cap?nda universiteler kurman?n zorlugu Le defi d'etablir des universites de rang mondial El desafio de crear universidades de rango mundial

Salmi, Jamil
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
There are many important questions to ask about the widespread push toward world-class status for universities around the world. Why is 'world-class' the standard to which a nation should aspire to build at least a subset of its tertiary education system? Might many countries be better served by developing the most locally relevant system possible, without concern for its relative merits in a global comparison? Is the definition of "world-class" synonymous with "elite Western" and therefore inherently biased against the cultural traditions of tertiary education in non-Western countries? Are only research universities world-class, or can other types of tertiary education institutions (such as teaching universities, polytechnics, community colleges, and open universities) also aspire to be among the best of their kind in an international perspective? To answer these questions, the report starts by constructing an operational definition of a world-class university. It then outlines and analyzes possible strategies and pathways for establishing such universities and identifies the multiple challenges...

Thailand - Secondary Education for Employment (Vol. 2 of 2) : Background Papers

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The study aims at assisting the Government in undertaking an evaluation of the system of secondary education, and skills development, in order to plan the many complex decisions, and future international finance assistance in the sector. The objectives of the study are to determine general employment trends, including a sampling of employer views on skill development; to evaluate the cost effectiveness, and quality of present academic, and vocational secondary education; and, to develop alternative scenarios for expansion of secondary education. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the changing Thai economy, and documents the growing importance of education, and skills for global competitiveness. An overview of labor market trends, and human capital development demonstrates the under-education of Thailand's labor force, thus reinforcing the need for high-quality education, and training for demand-driven skills development. Chapter 2 presents the factors motivating change in the system of education, and, examines the market forces driving the need for reform...

Early Childhood Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Policy and Programs; Etudes de cas des programmes de soins et de developpement de la petite enfance

Colletta, Nat J.; Reinhold, Amy Jo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
This study, review of early childhood development policy and programs in Sub-Saharan Africa, is the second in a series of three studies conducted under the World Bank's Africa regional early child development (ECD) initiative. The first described the condition of young children in Africa and pointed to the benefits of ECD in increased efficiency of primary and secondary school investments, children's enhanced economic contribution to society, and the reduction of social inequity. The third study will synthesize lessons drawn from the preceding two studies and from case studies in Kenya, South Africa, and Mauritius. The findings of this review are that weakened family and public social sector support for child development create a tremendous need for complementary and alternative forms of child care, and that there are models. The review selects eleven case studies from across the Sub-Saharan region to illustrate a range of possibilities for an integrated response to the physical, socio-emotional, cognitive...

Chile - Institutional Design for an Effective Education Quality Assurance

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.07%
The main objective of this report is to present the Government of Chile with policy options related to the institutional distribution of roles and responsibilities for effective quality assurance in education. Following the introduction, the report is structured as follows. Chapter II presents background information on the evolution of Chile's education system since 1980. This information, together with an analysis of the current situation of the education sector, describes the motivation for the study and demonstrates the urgent need to shift the focus in education policy to quality assurance. Chapter III describes the conceptual framework developed for the analysis of how successful systems carry out education quality assurance. The framework developed identifies education participants, including: students; teachers; principals and school administrators; schools; local governments (districts, municipalities); regional governments (states, provinces); and the national government. Chapter IV applies the framework to the nine education systems selected as comparisons and presents a summary of the quality assurance functions and institutions in each selected education system. Chapter V describes the four alternative instructional visions for quality assurance in education developed as a result of the international review. Finally...

Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya : A Public Expenditure Review, Volume 3. Annexes and Statistical Appendix

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Libya's 2008-12 development programs is the biggest and most ambitious Public Investment Program (PIP) ever. Public expenditure has also been pro-poor. Past outcomes show that Libyan authorities have worked on their macroeconomic and social fundamentals, so as to have a solid base to sustain its steady progress toward building a market-based economy and reintegrating into the world economy. Making optimal use of a sizable public expenditure, and especially public investment, is an essential component of achieving this strategy. The reports built upon the framework of fiscal management in oil-dependent economies, which features three parts. The first deals with collecting and saving oil revenues, leading to one stream of a large literature exploring both fiscal sustainability and the pros and cons of alternative models of an oil stabilization fund. The second deals with development spending, leading to a second stream of a large literature assessing standards in public investment and the many effects of sizable public investment programs. The third deals with financing current spending...

Education in the Republic of South Sudan : Status and Challenges for a New System

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
This education status report (ESR), prepared at the request of the Government of South Sudan (GoSS), provides a comprehensive snapshot of an education sector that is emerging from a long period of civil strife. It confirms the strong appetite among the people for education; in turn, more educated citizens are needed to provide the bedrock of the new country and its prospects. The purpose of this report is to enhance the knowledge base for policy development in the education sector and, more broadly, create a platform for engaging a diverse audience in dialogue on education policies in the new country. The ultimate aim is to help develop a shared vision for the future of the education system among government, citizens, and partners in Africa's newest nation. The report clearly shows that the education system in South Sudan faces all the challenges of a new nation that is making a visible effort to catch up quickly from a very low base by rapidly increasing student enrollment. These challenges include a concentration of students in the early grades; a high proportion of overage students, repetition, and dropout; and weak levels of student learning. Further, the report indicates that South Sudan is beginning to feel the effects of its success at increasing enrollment at the primary level with growing demand for secondary and higher education. The report also highlights the low overall quality of education...

Finishing post-primary education: a systematic review of contextual factors which contribute to student retention in alternative education.

O'Gorman, Eva
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.1%
peer-reviewed; Background: The EU set a target of reducing early school leaving to no more than 10% by the year 2020. Previous research indicates that the school context contributes to early school leaving. This systematic review aims to identify factors within the physical, social, cultural and virtual contexts which may contribute to student retention in alternative educational settings. This study contributes an important synthesis of existing evidence for policy makers, educators and other stakeholders to draw upon as they work toward achieving Ireland’s education goal for 2020. Methods: A systematic review that included mixed-methods studies was employed. Twenty-three databases and reference lists of reviews were searched, eliciting 1,586 studies which were screened. Data from 24 studies that met the inclusion criteria was extracted and synthesised. Results: Thematic analysis yielded ‘Schools as Safe Spaces’ as an over-arching concept comprised of four themes: 1) Creating a Sense of Acceptance; 2) Providing Responsive Curricula; 3) Fostering Caring Relations and 4) Establishing School Structures. These themes were underpinned by alternative education philosophy that produces sanctuary-like schools, cultural safety, learner-centred culture and reciprocal care. The philosophy and practices supported students’ success in alternative settings. Conclusion: Marginalised students provided valuable insights about contextual factors that supported or interfered with graduation. Findings from this review suggest ways to strengthen school-based interventions to ensure the EU achieves its education goal. Contextual factors which may shape student retention...

A percepção da comunidade escolar sobre o papel dos percursos curriculares alternativos na promoção dos projectos de vida dos alunos: um estudo realizado no Agrupamento de Escolas de Vila Nova de Poiares

Pedroso, Maria da Luz Pereira
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.51%
Com este estudo pretendemos, conhecer a percepção da comunidade escolar, do Agrupamento de Escolas de Vila Nova de Poiares, sobre o papel dos Percursos Curriculares Alternativos na promoção dos projectos de vida dos alunos que os frequentam. Para melhor estruturarmos o nosso pensamento sobre o tema a abordar, recorremos à revisão da literatura, que nos permitiu desenvolver o nosso estudo no contexto do paradigma quantitativo de investigação, sendo o presente trabalho de natureza não experimental, de carácter exploratório e descritivo, que inclui quatro subgrupos de protagonistas: docentes, alunos, pais/encarregados de educação e órgãos de gestão, todos envolvidos na implementação de um PCA com a área vocacional de Hotelaria e Restauração no Agrupamento de Escolas de Vila Nova de Poiares. Para a recolha de dados junto dos docentes e alunos recorremos a dois questionários construídos para o efeito. Para os órgãos de gestão e encarregados de educação foram elaborados dois guiões de entrevista, tendo em conta as especificidades das pessoas a entrevistar. A primeira parte desta tese contempla o enquadramento teórico, organizado em três capítulos: um sobre a legislação e a evolução histórica, desde o século XIX...

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Familiarization: What's happening in Medical Schools in Wales?

Taylor, Natalie; Blackwell, Anona
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Despite recommendations that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) familiarization should be offered to UK medical students, in Wales little such teaching was offered. We decided to assess medical students’ knowledge of CAMs, perceived training needs in CAMs, their view of its role in the National Health Service (NHS) and current teaching given. Analysis of data from a questionnaire given to medical students and direct questioning of senior academic medical school staff in Cardiff and Swansea Medical Schools was carried out. The participants comprised 78 first year medical students in the undergraduate entry program in Cardiff and 58 first year medical students from the graduate entry program in Swansea. Senior academic medical school staff at Cardiff and Swansea Medical Schools were asked about current CAM teaching. Results revealed that 32% of undergraduate entry students (UGES) had previous knowledge of CAMs compared with 51% of graduate entry students (GES). Of the UGES, 62% believed they should be taught about CAM's compared with 94% of GES. Of UGES 31% felt that CAMs have a role in the NHS compared with 50% of GES. None of the students had received teaching about CAMs and little formal CAM teaching is currently included in the curricula at each site. The majority of medical students in Wales would like to receive CAM teaching and significant numbers support a role for CAMs in the NHS. Little formal teaching is currently provided.

Medical Student Attitudes toward Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Medicine

Abbott, Ryan B.; Hui, Ka-Kit; Hays, Ron D.; Mandel, Jess; Goldstein, Michael; Winegarden, Babbi; Glaser, Dale; Brunton, Laurence
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.04%
While the use of complementary, alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) is substantial, it continues to exist at the periphery of allopathic medicine. Understanding the attitudes of medical students toward CAIM will be useful in understanding future integration of CAIM and allopathic medicine. This study was conducted to develop and evaluate an instrument and assess medical students' attitudes toward CAIM. The Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Medicine Attitudes Questionnaire (CAIMAQ) was developed by a panel of experts in CAIM, allopathic medicine, medical education and survey development. A total of 1770 CAIMAQ surveys (51% of US medical schools participated) were obtained in a national sample of medical students in 2007. Factor analysis of the CAIMAQ revealed five distinct attitudinal domains: desirability of CAIM therapies, progressive patient/physician health care roles, mind-body-spirit connection, principles of allostasis and a holistic understanding of disease. The students held the most positive attitude for the “mind-body-spirit connection” and the least positive for the “desirability of CAIM therapies”. This study provided initial support for the reliability of the CAIMAQ. The survey results indicated that in general students responded more positively to the principles of CAIM than to CAIM treatment. A higher quality of CAIM-related medical education and expanded research into CAIM therapies would facilitate appropriate integration of CAIM into medical curricula. The most significant limitation of this study is a low response rate...

Las concepciones de los estudiantes sobre la fotosíntesis y la respiración : una revisión sobre la investigación didáctica en el campo de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la nutrición de las plantas

Charrier Melillán, María; Cañal, Pedro; Rodrigo Vega, Maximiliano
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.04%
En este artículo se realiza una revisión bibliográfica de los trabajos publicados desde los años ochenta en relación con las concepciones alternativas de dos conceptos: fotosíntesis y respiración. También se analizan los orígenes de estas concepciones, así como nuevas propuestas metodológicas para la enseñanza de ambos procesos tendentes a prevenir la aparición de nuevos errores conceptuales. La revisión permitió comprobar que existen serias dificultades en la comprensión de ambos procesos, muchas de las cuales persisten luego de recibida la instrucción, así como la aparición de nuevas dificultades como resultado de la misma. Las dificultades tienen muchos y variados orígenes: los maestros, los diseños curriculares, los libros de texto, otros. Ha quedado demostrada la universalidad de las concepciones alternativas en torno a la fotosíntesis y la respiración a lo largo de todo el período de escolarización.; This article briefl y summarizes the findings of a bibliographical revision process based on the reports published since 1980, related to alternative conceptions of both photosynthesis and respiration concepts. We also analyzed the origin of students’ conceptions, as well as new methodological proposals in order to prevent the appearance of new misconceptions and/or misunderstandings. This review indicates that students show a wide range of conceptual difficulties that constrain the understanding on both photosynthesis and respiration. Many of these difficulties persist after instruction and new ones arise. Furthermore...