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Allergic asthma in patients with common variable immunodeficiency

AGONDI, R. C.; BARROS, M. T.; RIZZO, L. V.; KALIL, J.; GIAVINA-BIANCHI, P.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.76%
P>Background: Many patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have a clinical history suggestive of allergic respiratory disease. However, in such individuals, the prevalence of asthma and the role of atopy have not been well established. The objective of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function and identify asthma in patients with CVID. We also investigated the role of IgE as a trigger of asthma in these patients. Methods: Sixty-two patients diagnosed with CVID underwent spirometry, as well as skin prick testing and in vitro determination of serum-specific IgE levels for aeroallergens, together with bronchial provocation with histamine and allergen. Results: The most common alteration identified through spirometry was obstructive lung disease, which was observed in 29 (47.5%) of the 62 patients evaluated. Eighteen (29.0%) of the 62 patients had a clinical history suggestive of allergic asthma. By the end of the study, asthma had been diagnosed in nine (14.5%) patients and atopy had been identified in six (9.7%). In addition, allergic asthma had been diagnosed in four patients (6.5% of the sample as a whole; 22.2% of the 18 patients with a clinical history suggestive of the diagnosis). Conclusion: In this study, CVID patients testing negative for specific IgE antibodies and suspected of having allergic asthma presented a positive response to bronchial provocation tests with allergens. To our knowledge...

Different strains of mice present distinct lung tissue mechanics and extracellular matrix composition in a model of chronic allergic asthma

ANTUNES, Mariana A.; ABREU, Soraia C.; DAMACENO-RODRIGUES, Nilsa R.; PARRA, Edwin R.; CAPELOZZI, Vera L.; PINART, Mariona; ROMERO, Pablo V.; SILVA, Patricia M. R.; MARTINS, Marco Aurelio; ROCCO, Patricia R. M.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
The impact of genetic factors on asthma is well recognized but poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that different mouse strains present different lung tissue strip mechanics in a model of chronic allergic asthma and that these mechanical differences may be potentially related to changes of extracellular matrix composition and/or contractile elements in lung parenchyma. Oscillatory mechanics were analysed before and after acetylcholine (ACh) in C57BL/10, BALB/c, and A/J mice, subjected or not to ovalbumin sensitization and challenge. In controls, tissue elastance (E) and resistance (R), collagen and elastic fibres` content, and alpha-actin were higher in A/J compared to BALB/c mice, which, in turn, were more elevated than in C57BL/10. A similar response pattern was observed in ovalbumin-challenged animals irrespective of mouse strain. E and R augmented more in ovalbumin-challenged A/J [E: 22%, R: 18%] than C57BL/10 mice [E: 9.4%, R: 11 %] after ACh In conclusion, lung parenchyma remodelled differently yielding distinct in vitro mechanics according to mouse strain. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; PRONEX-FAPERJ; Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Rio de Janeiro State Research Supporting Foundation (FAPERJ); Sao Paulo State Research Supporting Foundation (FAPESP)

Impact of obesity on airway and lung parenchyma remodeling in experimental chronic allergic asthma

SARAIVA, Simone A.; SILVA, Adriana L.; XISTO, Debora G.; ABREU, Soraia C.; SILVA, Johnatas D.; SILVA, Pedro L.; TEIXEIRA, Tatiana P. F.; PARRA, Edwin R.; CARVALHO, Ana Laura N.; ANNONI, Raquel; MAUAD, Thais; CAPELOZZI, Vera L.; SILVA, Patricia M. R.; MART
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
The impact of obesity on the inflammatory process has been described in asthma, however little is known about the influence of diet-induced obesity on lung remodeling. For this purpose, 56 recently weaned A/J mice were randomly divided into 2 groups. In the C group, mice were fed a standard chow diet, while OB animals received isocaloric high-fat diet to reach 1.5 of the mean body weight of C. After 12 weeks, each group was further randomized to be sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) or saline. Twenty-four hours after the last challenge, collagen fiber content in airways and lung parenchyma, the volume proportion of smooth muscle-specific actin in alveolar ducts and terminal bronchiole, and the number of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were higher in OB-OVA than C-OVA. In conclusion, diet-induced obesity enhanced lung remodeling resulting in higher airway responsiveness in the present experimental chronic allergic asthma. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Centers of Excellence Program (PRONEXFAPERJ); Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Rio de Janeiro State Research Supporting Foundation (FAPERJ); Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES); Sao Paulo State Research Supporting Foundation (FAPESP)

Avaliação da função pulmonar e investigação da asma alérgica em pacientes com imunodeficiência comum variável; Pulmonary function and screening for allergic asthma in patients with common variable immunodeficiency

Leite, Rosana Camara Agondi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.84%
A imunodeficiência comum variável (ICV) é uma síndrome heterogênea caracterizada por hipogamaglobulinemia e infecções bacterianas de repetição. As doenças obstrutivas, como a asma, estão presentes em aproximadamente 50% dos pacientes. Os sintomas decorrentes de infecções respiratórias de repetição podem mascarar os sintomas de alergia respiratória. A asma tem alta prevalência no mundo e é observada em aproximadamente 10% da população brasileira. Embora muitos pacientes com ICV apresentem história clínica sugestiva de rinite e/ou asma alérgicas, a participação da atopia não está bem esclarecida e freqüentemente os níveis de IgE total e/ou IgE específica estão baixos. Muitos autores estudam a produção de IgE local e uma correlação entre a concentração de IgE nos fluidos corporais e no soro existe. Os objetivos deste estudo são avaliar a função pulmonar em pacientes com ICV através de: espirometria, provocação brônquica com histamina e com alérgeno; investigar o diagnóstico de asma em pacientes com ICV e realizar a investigação in vivo e in vitro da IgE em pacientes com ICV. Este estudo incluiu 62 pacientes que estavam em acompanhamento ambulatorial no Serviço de Imunologia Clínica e Alergia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. A função pulmonar foi avaliada pela espirometria e pela provocação brônquica com histamina antes e após uma provocação brônquica com Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) e a investigação da IgE específica para aeroalérgenos através de teste epicutâneo e avaliação da IgE sérica específica usando ImmunoCAPTM. Vinte e nove (46...

Papel anti-fibrótico de PGE2 e BMP-7 na asma alérgica experimental.; Anti-fibrotic role of PGE2 and BMP-7 in experimental allergic asthma.

Stumm, Camila Leindecker
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
A asma alérgica é uma doença inflamatória crônica das vias aéreas que envolve ativação de fibroblastos pulmonares. Esta ativação é induzida por TGF-b e este processo é regulado por moléculas anti-fibróticas. Nosso objetivo foi elucidar mecanismos envolvidos na fibrose das vias aéreas em um modelo de asma. Na primeira parte, investigamos o eixo síntese/resposta da PGE2. A PGE2 e seu análogo forskolina inibiram síntese de colágeno I e proliferação de fibroblastos. Estas células apresentaram perda tempo-dependente na capacidade de sintetizar PGE2 sob estímulo com IL-1b, e menor expressão de COX-2 e mPGEs-1. Na segunda parte, estudamos a relação TGF-b1/BMP-7 na fibrose das vias aéreas. Há predomínio da molécula pró-fibrótica TGF-b1 sobre a molécula anti-fibrótica BMP-7 nos pulmões de animais asmáticos. Em fibroblastos, a BMP-7 inibe a síntese de colágeno tipo I induzida pelo TGF-b1 e as vias de SMAD-2, SMAD-3 e p38. O tratamento dos animais com BMP-7 causou diminuição significativa da fibrose. Os resultados implicam estes mecanismos na fibrose das vias aéreas na asma.; Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that involves activation of lung fibroblasts. This activation is induced by TGF-b and this process is regulated by anti-fibrotic molecules. Our goal was to elucidate mechanisms involved in airway fibrosis in an animal model of asthma. In the first part...

Estudo da atividade plaquetaria na asma alergica em ratos; Study of platelet activity in allergic asthma in rats

Lineu Baldissera Junior
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/07/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.58%
Há relatos de que as plaquetas desempenham função importante no desencadeamento da resposta inflamatória alérgica, como a asma brônquica. Entretanto, existem poucos estudos funcionais avaliando a interação plaqueta-asma. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a função plaquetária em modelo de asma alérgica em ratos. Para tanto, ratos Wistar machos (180-200 g) foram sensibilizados à ovalbumina (OVA) e desafiados intranasalmente uma única vez, quatorze dias após a sensibilização. Para confirmar a eficácia da sensibilização à OVA, realizou-se a dosagem de IgE sérica e contagem de leucócitos no lavado broncoalveolar (LBA) após o desafio antigênico. O comportamento plaquetário foi avaliado através da contagem de plaquetas no sangue periférico entre 30 minutos a 24 horas após o desafio. As plaquetas foram isoladas em tempos variados após o desafio com OVA, a saber: 30 minutos, 2, 8 e 24 horas. Em seguida, realizou-se ensaios de adesão plaquetária em microplaca de 96 poços recoberta com fibrinogênio e ensaios de agregação plaquetária. Nossos resultados mostraram que a sensibilização e o desafio antigênico resultaram em aumento significativo dos níveis de IgE e infiltrado eosinofílico no LBA, validando o modelo alérgico adotado no estudo. Observou-se redução significativa do número de plaquetas circulantes em 30 minutos após o desafio com OVA...

Influencia da obesidade no desenvolvimento da asma alergica experimental; Influence of obesity on allergic asthma development

Marina Ciarallo Calixto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/07/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
O aumento no número de eosinófilos (EO) nos tecidos, sangue e medula óssea (MO) são considerados eventos importantes na asma, e em geral, números elevados destas células estão correlacionados com a gravidade da doença. Dados epidemiológicos indicam que a obesidade aumenta a prevalência e incidência de asma alérgica e reduz seu controle. Acredita-se que a obesidade e a asma apresentam algumas etiologias comuns, principal-mente em suas bases genética. Entretanto, é possível que existam outros mecanismos bioló-gicos através dos quais a obesidade pode ser tanto a responsável pela causa como pelo a-gravamento da asma. O aumento do tecido adiposo parece elevar a produção de citocinas e quimiocinas, tais como IL-6, TNF-? e eotaxina. Camundongos geneticamente obesos apre-sentam hiperreatividade inata das vias aeríferas, porém pouca atenção tem sido dada ao recrutamento pulmonar de EO em animais obesos. Uma vez que o acúmulo seletivo de eo-sinófilos para as vias aeríferas é considerado um evento central na patogênese da asma, este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o influxo de eosinófilos para o pulmão e o papel das citocinas Th1 e Th2 neste processo, em camundongos obesos por indução de dieta. Foram utilizados camundongos C57bl6/J que receberam dieta hiperlipídica por dez semanas. Na oitava semana de tratamento...

Naturally Occurring and Inducible T-Regulatory Cells Modulating Immune Response in Allergic Asthma

McGee, Halvor S.; Agrawal, Devendra K.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
Rationale: T-regulatory cells (Tregs) are potent immunomodulators in allergic asthma.

Particulate allergens potentiate allergic asthma in mice through sustained IgE-mediated mast cell activation

Jin, Cong; Shelburne, Christopher P.; Li, Guojie; Potts, Erin N.; Riebe, Kristina J.; Sempowski, Gregory D.; Foster, W. Michael; Abraham, Soman N.
Fonte: American Society for Clinical Investigation Publicador: American Society for Clinical Investigation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
Allergic asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and a cellular infiltrate dominated by eosinophils. Numerous epidemiological studies have related the exacerbation of allergic asthma with an increase in ambient inhalable particulate matter from air pollutants. This is because inhalable particles efficiently deliver airborne allergens deep into the airways, where they can aggravate allergic asthma symptoms. However, the cellular mechanisms by which inhalable particulate allergens (pAgs) potentiate asthmatic symptoms remain unknown, in part because most in vivo and in vitro studies exploring the pathogenesis of allergic asthma use soluble allergens (sAgs). Using a mouse model of allergic asthma, we found that, compared with their sAg counterparts, pAgs triggered markedly heightened airway hyperresponsiveness and pulmonary eosinophilia in allergen-sensitized mice. Mast cells (MCs) were implicated in this divergent response, as the differences in airway inflammatory responses provoked by the physical nature of the allergens were attenuated in MC-deficient mice. The pAgs were found to mediate MC-dependent responses by enhancing retention of pAg/IgE/FcεRI complexes within lipid raft–enriched, CD63+ endocytic compartments...

Allergic Asthma: Influence of Genetic and Environmental Factors*

Mukherjee, Anil B.; Zhang, Zhongjian
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
Allergic asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease in which exposure to allergens causes intermittent attacks of breathlessness, airway hyper-reactivity, wheezing, and coughing. Allergic asthma has been called a “syndrome” resulting from a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Worldwide, >300 million individuals are affected by this disease, and in the United States alone, it is estimated that >35 million people, mostly children, suffer from asthma. Although animal models, linkage analyses, and genome-wide association studies have identified numerous candidate genes, a solid definition of allergic asthma has not yet emerged; however, such studies have contributed to our understanding of the multiple pathways to this syndrome. In contrast with animal models, in which T-helper 2 (TH2) cell response is the dominant feature, in human asthma, an initial exposure to allergen results in TH2 cell-dependent stimulation of the immune response that mediates the production of IgE and cytokines. Re-exposure to allergen then activates mast cells, which release mediators such as histamines and leukotrienes that recruit other cells, including TH2 cells, which mediate the inflammatory response in the lungs. In this minireview...

Reovirus type-2 infection in newborn DBA/1J mice reduces the development of late allergic asthma

Nakashima, Tomomi; Hayashi, Toshiharu; Mizuno, Takuya
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69%
The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not the development of a helper T (Th) 1 response induced by Reovirus type-2 (Reo-2) infection would protect against the development of Th2-mediated late allergic asthma. This hypothesis was examined by infecting one day old neonatal DB A/1J mice with Reo-2 in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced late asthma model. Compared with the controls (either infected or uninfected mice with or without OVA sensitization and/or OVA challenge), Reo-2 infection lessened the magnitude of the subsequent allergic Th2-mediated late asthma. In infected mice with allergic late asthma, there was decreased infiltration of interleukin (IL)-4+, IL-5+, IL-13+ and very late antigen (VLA)-4+ lymphocytes, and eotaxin-2+ and VLA-4+ eosinophils, in both bronchial and bronchiolar lesions. Also the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 and eotaxin-2 on vascular endothelial cells was reduced. Moreover, the systemic production of IL-4, IL-5, tumour necrosis factor-α and OVA-specific IgE was reduced, whereas systemic IFN-γ production was increased. In addition, there was no increase in IFN-α production. Thus the present study suggests that systemic Reo-2 infection at birth may reduce the development of subsequent late allergic asthma by the induction of a Th1 response. Therefore the potential suppressive mechanism(s) that might be induced by Reo-2 infection in newborn mice and their effects on the development of late allergic asthma are discussed.

Role of immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic asthma

Yukselen, Ayfer; Kendirli, Seval Guneser
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.8%
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) induces clinical and immunological tolerance as defined by persistence of clinical benefit and associated long-term immunological parameters after cessation of treatment. Although the efficacy of SIT has been shown in terms of reducing symptoms, medication consumption and ameliorating quality of life in both allergic rhinitis and asthma, there has long been some controversies about effectiveness of SIT in the treatment of allergic asthma. The type of allergen, the dose and protocol of immunotherapy, patient selection criteria, the severity and control of asthma, all are significant contributors to the power of efficacy in allergic asthma. The initiation of SIT in allergic asthma should be considered in case of coexisting of other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, unacceptable adverse effects of medications, patient’s preference to avoid long-term pharmacotherapy. Steroid sparing effect of SIT in allergic asthma is also an important benefit particularly in patients who have to use these drugs in high doses for a long-time. Symptomatic asthma is a risk factor for systemic reactions and asthma should be controlled at the time of administration of SIT. Both subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) have been found to be effective in patients with allergic asthma. Although the safety profile of SLIT seems to be better than SCIT...

γ-Secretase Inhibitor Alleviates Acute Airway Inflammation of Allergic Asthma in Mice by Downregulating Th17 Cell Differentiation

Zhang, Weixi; Zhang, Xueya; Sheng, Anqun; Weng, Cuiye; Zhu, Tingting; Zhao, Wei; Li, Changchong
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
T helper 17 (Th17) cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Th17 cell differentiation requires Notch signaling. γ-Secretase inhibitor (GSI) blocks Notch signaling; thus, it may be considered as a potential treatment for allergic asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of GSI on Th17 cell differentiation in a mouse model of allergic asthma. OVA was used to induce mouse asthma model in the presence and absence of GSI. GSI ameliorated the development of OVA-induced asthma, including suppressing airway inflammation responses and reducing the severity of clinical signs. GSI also significantly suppressed Th17-cell responses in spleen and reduced IL-17 levels in serum. These findings suggest that GSI directly regulates Th17 responses through a Notch signaling-dependent pathway in mouse model of allergic asthma, supporting the notion that GSI is a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of allergic asthma.

Development of an experimental model of maternal allergic asthma during pregnancy

Clifton, V.L.; Moss, T.J.; Wooldridge, A.L.; Gatford, K.L.; Liravi, B.; Kim, D.; Muhlhausler, B.S.; Morrison, J.L.; Davies, A.; De Matteo, R.; Wallace, M.J.; Bischof, R.J.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.76%
Maternal asthma during pregnancy adversely affects pregnancy outcomes but identification of the cause/s, and the ability to evaluate interventions, is limited by the lack of an appropriate animal model. We therefore aimed to characterise maternal lung and cardiovascular responses and fetal-placental growth and lung surfactant levels in a sheep model of allergic asthma. Immune and airway functions were studied in singleton-bearing ewes, either sensitised before pregnancy to house dust mite (HDM, allergic, n = 7) or non-allergic (control, n = 5), and subjected to repeated airway challenges with HDM (allergic group) or saline (control group) throughout gestation. Maternal lung, fetal and placental phenotypes were characterised at 140 ± 1 d gestational age (term, ∼147 d). The eosinophil influx into lungs was greater after HDM challenge in allergic ewes than after saline challenge in control ewes before mating and in late gestation. Airway resistance increased throughout pregnancy in allergic but not control ewes, consistent with increased airway smooth muscle in allergic ewes. Maternal allergic asthma decreased relative fetal weight (-12%) and altered placental phenotype to a more mature form. Expression of surfactant protein B mRNA was 48% lower in fetuses from allergic ewes than controls...

Automatic quantification of histological studies in allergic asthma

Abella, Mónica; Zubeldia, José Manuel; Conejero, Laura; Malpica, Norberto; Vaquero, Juan José; Desco, Manuel
Fonte: International Society for Advancement of Cytometry Publicador: International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
The evaluation of new therapies to treat allergic asthma makes frequent use of histological studies. Some of them are based on microscope observation of stained paraffin lung sections to quantify cellular infiltrate, an effect directly related to allergic processes. Currently, there is no software tool available for doing this quantification automatically. This paper presents a methodology and a software tool for the quantification of cellular infiltrate in lung tissue images in an allergic asthma mouse model. The image is divided into regions of equal size, which are then classified by means of a segmentation algo rithm based on texture analysis. The classification uses three discriminant functions, built from parameters derived from the histogram and the co occurrence matrix. These functions were calculated by means of a stepwise discriminant analysis on 79 samples from a training set. Results provided a correct classification of 96.8% on an independ ent test set of 251 samples labeled manually. Regression analysis showed a good agree ment between automatic and manual methods. A reliable and easy to implement method has been developed to provide an automatic method for quantifying micros copy images of lung histological studies. Results showed similar accuracy to that pro vided by an expert...

Preliminary results on automatic quantification of histological studies in allergic asthma

Abella, Mónica; Zubeldia, José Manuel; Conejero, Laura; Malpica, Norberto; Vaquero, Juan José; Desco, Manuel
Fonte: Dimitris N. Metaxas, Ross T. Whitaker, Jens Rittcher, Thomas Sebastian Publicador: Dimitris N. Metaxas, Ross T. Whitaker, Jens Rittcher, Thomas Sebastian
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.54%
The evaluation of new therapies to treat allergic asthma makes frequent use of histological studies. Some of these studies are based on the microscope observation of stained paraffin lung sections to quantify cellular infiltration, an effect directly related to allergic processes. To our knowledge, there is no software tool for doing this quantification automatically nowadays. This paper presents a method for the quantification of cellular infiltrate of lung tissue images in a mouse model of allergic asthma. Each image is divided into regions of equal size that are classified by means of a segmentation algorithm based on texture analysis. The classification uses three discriminant functions, built from parameters derived from the histogram and the co-occurrence matrix and calculated by performing an initial stepwise discriminant analysis on 79 samples from a training set. Results provide a correct classification of 96.8 % on an independent test set of 251 samples labeled manually.; Proceedings of: The first international workshop on Microscopic Image Analysis with Applications in Biology, MIAAB 2006, was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 5th of October 2006 as an associated workshop of MICCAI 2006, the 9th Conference held by the international society of Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention.

Tipificação do HLA nos fenótipos alérgico e não alérgico da asma; HLA typing in allergic and non-allergic asthma phenotypes

Takejima, Priscila Megumi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.88%
A asma é uma doença heterogênea caracterizada por um processo inflamatório crônico das vias aéreas inferiores que está associado ao desenvolvimento da hiperresponsividade brônquica e remodelamento da via aérea. Atualmente, a asma é considerada uma síndrome, ou ao menos uma doença com diversos fenótipos. Tradicionalmente, dois fenótipos são bem definidos pela clínica e exames subsidiários: asma alérgica e asma não alérgica. Eles são diferentes quanto á idade de início, apresentação clínica, história pessoal e familiar de atopia e resposta ao tratamento. Ao contrário da asma alérgica, cuja fisiopatologia está bem caracterizada, a etiologia e mecanismos envolvidos na asma não alérgica não estão bem elucidados. Algumas possibilidades incluem alergia desencadeada por antígenos desconhecidos (fungos), infecção persistente (Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma sp) e auto-imunidade. Estudos têm descrito em diferentes populações associações entre a asma e alelos/antígenos HLA classe I e II, mas os resultados têm sido inconclusivos. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar possíveis associações do antígeno leucocitário humano (HLA) classe I (A, B, C) e II (DR, DQ, DP) em pacientes brasileiros com asma alérgica e não alérgica. Um total de 109 pacientes com o diagnóstico de asma (56 com asma alérgica e 53 com asma não alérgica) que estavam em acompanhamento no Serviço de Imunologia Clínica e Alergia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo...

Profiling allergic asthma volatile metabolic patterns using a headspace-solid phase microextraction/gas chromatography based methodology

Caldeira, M.; Barros, A. S.; Bilelo, M. J.; Parada, A.; Câmara, J. S.; Rocha, S. M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
Allergicasthmarepresentsanimportantpublichealthissuewithsignificantgrowthovertheyears,especially in the paediatric population. Exhaled breath is a non-invasive, easily performed and rapid method forobtainingsamplesfromthelowerrespiratorytract.Inthepresentmanuscript,themetabolicvolatile profiles of allergic asthma and control children were evaluated by headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography–quadrupole mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC–qMS). The lack ofstudiesinbreathofallergicasthmaticchildrenbyHS-SPMEledtothedevelopmentofanexperimental design to optimize SPME parameters. To fulfil this objective, three important HS-SPME experimental parameters that influence the extraction efficiency, namely fibre coating, temperature and time extractions were considered. The selected conditions that promoted higher extraction efficiency corresponding to the higher GC peak areas and number of compounds were: DVB/CAR/PDMS coating fibre, 22◦C and 60min as the extraction temperature and time, respectively. The suitability of two containers, 1L Tedlar® bags and BIOVOC®, for breath collection and intra-individual variability were also investigated. The developed methodology was then applied to the analysis of children exhaled breath with allergicasthma(35)...

A Plant-Based Allergy Vaccine Suppresses Experimental Asthma Via an IFN-㠡nd CD4+CD45RBlow T Cell-Dependent Mechanism

Prescott, Vanessa; Foster, Paul S; Rothenberg, Marc E; Higgins, T J V; Hogan, Simon
Fonte: American Association of Immunologists Publicador: American Association of Immunologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.59%
Allergic asthma is currently considered a chronic airway inflammatory disorder associated with the presence of activated CD4+ Th2-type lymphocytes, eosinophils, and mast cells. Interestingly, therapeutic strategies based on immune deviation and suppression have been shown to successfully attenuate the development of the asthma phenotype. In this investigation, we have for the first time used a genetically modified (GM) plant, narrow leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.), expressing a gene for a potential allergen (sunflower seed albumin) (SSA-lupin) to examine whether a GM plant/food-based vaccine strategy can be used to suppress the development of experimental asthma. We show that oral consumption of SSA-lupin promoted the induction of an Ag-specific IgG2a Ab response. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the plant-based vaccine attenuated the induction of delayed-type hypersensitivity responses and pathological features of experimental asthma (mucus hypersecretion, eosinophilic inflammation, and enhanced bronchial reactivity (airways hyperreactivity). The suppression of experimental asthma by SSA-lupin was associated with the production of CD4+ T cell-derived IFN-γ and IL-10. Furthermore, we show that the specific inhibition of experimental asthma was mediated via CD4+CD45RBlow regulatory T cells and IFN-γ. Thus...

Allergic asthma exhaled breath metabolome: a challenge for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Caldeira, M.; Perestrelo, R.; Barros, A. S.; Bilelo, M. J.; Morête, A.; Câmara, J. S.; Rocha, S. M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2012 ENG
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Allergic asthma represents an important public health issue, most common in the paediatric population, characterized by airway inflammation that may lead to changes in volatiles secreted via the lungs. Thus, exhaled breath has potential to be a matrix with relevant metabolomic information to characterize this disease. Progress in biochemistry, health sciences and related areas depends on instrumental advances, and a high throughput and sensitive equipment such as comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography–time of flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC–ToFMS) was considered. GC × GC–ToFMS application in the analysis of the exhaled breath of 32 children with allergic asthma, from which 10 had also allergic rhinitis, and 27 control children allowed the identification of several hundreds of compounds belonging to different chemical families. Multivariate analysis, using Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis in tandem with Monte Carlo Cross Validation was performed to assess the predictive power and to help the interpretation of recovered compounds possibly linked to oxidative stress, inflammation processes or other cellular processes that may characterize asthma. The results suggest that the model is robust, considering the high classification rate...