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Ácaros predadores do Estado de São Paulo, com ênfase em Laelapidae (Acari: Mesostigmata), com potencial de uso no controle de pragas de solo; Predatory mites of the State of São Paulo, with emphasis on Laelapidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) potentially useful for the control of soil pests

Freire, Renata Angélica Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/03/2007 PT
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A fauna edáfica em ecossistemas naturais é grande e variada, envolvendo em escala considerável os ácaros. Dentre os vários grupos de ácaros presentes no solo, destaca-se a Ordem Mesostigmata, por compreender um grande número de espécies, muitas das quais predadoras de outros artrópodes edáficos. Diversas pragas agrícolas, como espécies de ácaros, tripes e dípteros da família Sciaridae vivem no solo ou nele passam parte do seu ciclo. Tem-se verificado em outros países que algumas dessas pragas são atacadas e podem em certos casos ser controladas por predadores Mesostigmata. Entre os predadores mais estudados deste grupo estão os pertencentes à família Laelapidae. O Brasil tem sido citado como um país de "mega-diversidade" biológica. Compete aos pesquisadores despenderem esforços no sentido de detectar a possibilidade de uso prático desta diversidade. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram a elaboração de um catálogo com informações taxonômicas para espécies de Laelapidae pertencentes às subfamílias Hypoaspidinae e Melittiphinae que ocorrem no mundo, a identificação dos gêneros de ácaros Mesostigmata edáficos e das espécies de ácaros da família Laelapidae coletados em trabalhos anteriores e que permaneciam não identificados na coleção acarológica do Laboratório de Acarologia da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"-Universidade de São Paulo...

Toxicidade e efeitos subletais de toxinas Cry de Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner em diferentes populações de Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) em laboratório

De Bortoli, Caroline Placidi
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: ix, 85 p. : il.
POR
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Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Entomologia Agrícola) - FCAV; Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus , 1758) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), diamonback moth, is a major insect pest of crucifers (Brassicaceae) in Brazil and worldwide. Although it can be controlled with synthetic insecticides such as biological products, populations of P. xylostella can be quickly selected for resistance to several chemical or biological insecticides. In addition, different populations of P. xylostella may arise due to geographic isolation, resulting in reproductive isolation and physiologically distinct populations with different sensitivities to various control tactics. This variation requires management systems tailored to particular populations. The most common insecticides used to control P. xylostella based on entomopathogenic bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillaceae) (Bt). Although many studies focus on the action way of Bt to several agricultural pests such as P. xylostella, for example, many doubts still persist particularly regarding their sublethal effects, mechanism of action and toxicity of Bt proteins. The objective of this research was to analyze the virulence and sublethal effects of Cry proteins, as well investigate factors affecting the susceptibility of Diamondback to Bt (protein level...

Aspectos biológicos, morfometria e técnica de criação de Abaris basistriata Chaudoir, 1873 e Selenophorus seriatoporus Putzeys, 1878 (Coleoptera: carabidae)

Andrade, Crislany de Lima Barbosa
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 67 p. : il.
POR
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Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Entomologia Agrícola) - FCAV; The family Carabidae (Coleoptera) is recognized worldwide as containing important species of biological control agents of agricultural pests. Our aim was to study the biology, morphometrics and rearing protocol of Abaris basistriata Chaudoir, 1873 (Harpalinae: Pterostichini) and Selenophorus seriatoporus Putzeys, 1878 (Harpalinae: Harpalini) using Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Tenebrioninae: Tenebrionini) larvae as the diet. The study was conducted in environmental chambers at 26±1°C, 70±10% relative humidity, under a photoperiod of 14:10h (L:D). Containers used to egg laying and rearing larvae, pupae, and adults, were filled with one of the following types of sterilized and moistened substrate: (1) soil, (2) fine vermiculite, or (3) paper napkins. The life cycle (egg to adult) of A. basistriata and S. seriatoporus showed differences in duration in soil and paper substrates. The viability of eggs and larvae of first and second instars was similar in the three substrates studied, while the third instar and pupae in the soil showed improved survival when compared with vermiculite and paper. The soil substrate was more favorable to the longevity of A. basistriata...

Production and application of entomoparasites for the biological control of agricultural pests in the Azores.

Tavares, João; Oliveira, Luísa; Vieira, Virgílio; Garcia, Patrícia; Simões, Ana
Fonte: Universidade dos Açores Publicador: Universidade dos Açores
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 23/09/1995 ENG
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1st International Symposium on Biological Control in European Islands, Centro de Luta Biológica do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada (Açores), September 23 to 29, 1995.; Mythimna unipuncta (Haworth) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) and Popillia japonica Newman (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) are considered as the worst agricultural insect pests in the Azores. The noctuid parasites various crops, specially forage gramineae, in all the islands of the archipelago, mainly during summer months, causing a yeld loss of 8%, that is about one billion escudos per year. The beetle, which is considered as a quarantine pest in Terceira Island, affects several crops in the adult stage (i. e., corn, vine, ornamental plants, forage crops), and was inefficiently controled using chemical aerial sprays. Utilization of chemical control by farmers is increasing. In Sao Miguel Island, in 1990, costs associated with the application of two pesticides for M. unipuncta control reached more than 9 million escudos. However, chemical control is not a permanent solution, it increases the costs supported by the farmers, and may aggravate environmental problems, namely the destruction of beneficial insects.

Challenges with managing insecticide resistance in agricultural pests, exemplisfied by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci

Denholm, I.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/10/1998 EN
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For many key agricultural pests, successful management of insecticide resistance depends not only on modifying the way that insecticides are deployed, but also on reducing the total number of treatments applied. Both approaches benefit from a knowledge of the biological characteristics of pests that promote or may retard the development of resistance. For the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), these factors include a haplodiploid breeding system that encourages the rapid selection and fixation of resistance genes, its breeding cycle on a succession of treated or untreated hosts, and its occurrence on and dispersal from high-value crops in greenhouses and glasshouses. These factors, in conjunction with often intensive insecticide use, have led to severe and widespread resistance that now affects several novel as well as conventional control agents. Resistance-management strategies implemented on cotton in Israel, and subsequently in south-western USA, have nonetheless so far succeeded in arresting the resistance treadmill in B. tabaci through a combination of increased chemical diversity, voluntary or mandatory restrictions on the use of key insecticides, and careful integration of chemical control with other pest-management options. In both countries...

The Impact of Climate Change on the Potential Distribution of Agricultural Pests: The Case of the Coffee White Stem Borer (Monochamus leuconotus P.) in Zimbabwe

Kutywayo, Dumisani; Chemura, Abel; Kusena, Winmore; Chidoko, Pardon; Mahoya, Caleb
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/08/2013 EN
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The production of agricultural commodities faces increased risk of pests, diseases and other stresses due to climate change and variability. This study assesses the potential distribution of agricultural pests under projected climatic scenarios using evidence from the African coffee white stem borer (CWB), Monochamus leuconotus (Pascoe) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), an important pest of coffee in Zimbabwe. A species distribution modeling approach utilising Boosted Regression Trees (BRT) and Generalized Linear Models (GLM) was applied on current and projected climate data obtained from the WorldClim database and occurrence data (presence and absence) collected through on-farm biological surveys in Chipinge, Chimanimani, Mutare and Mutasa districts in Zimbabwe. Results from both the BRT and GLM indicate that precipitation-related variables are more important in determining species range for the CWB than temperature related variables. The CWB has extensive potential habitats in all coffee areas with Mutasa district having the largest model average area suitable for CWB under current and projected climatic conditions. Habitat ranges for CWB will increase under future climate scenarios for Chipinge, Chimanimani and Mutare districts while it will decrease in Mutasa district. The highest percentage change in area suitable for the CWB was for Chimanimani district with a model average of 49.1% (3 906 ha) increase in CWB range by 2080. The BRT and GLM predictions gave similar predicted ranges for Chipinge...

Host-symbiont interactions for potentially managing heteropteran pests.

PRADO, S. S.; ZUCCHI, T. D.
Fonte: Psyche, Cambridge, v. 2012, 269473, 9 p., 2012. Publicador: Psyche, Cambridge, v. 2012, 269473, 9 p., 2012.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
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Insects in the suborder Heteroptera, the so-called true bugs, include over 40,000 species worldwide. This insect group includes many important agricultural pests and disease vectors, which often have bacterial symbionts associated with them. Some symbionts have coevolved with their hosts to the extent that host fitness is compromised with the removal or alteration of their symbiont. The first bug/microbial interactions were discovered over 50 years ago. Only recently, mainly due to advances in molecular techniques, has the nature of these associations become clearer. Some researchers have pursued the genetic modification (paratrangenesis) of symbionts for disease control or pest management. With the increasing interest and understanding of the bug/symbiont associations, and their ecological and physiological features, it will only be a matter of time before pest/vector control programs utilize this information and technique. This review will focus on recent discoveries of the major symbiotic systems in Heteroptera, highlighting how the understanding of the evolutionary and biological aspects of these relationships may lead to the development of alternative techniques for efficient heteropteran pest control and suppression of diseases vectored by Heteroptera.; 2012

Primary characterization of genes involved in the colony development of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae /

Dryburgh, Farah-Jade.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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Strain improvement of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopUae is necessary to increase its virulence towards agricultural pests and thus improve its commercial efficacy. Nevertheless, the release of genetically modified conidia in crop fields may negatively affect the ecosystem. Controlling conidiation is a potential means of limiting the release of engineered strains since conidia are the infective propagules and the means of dispersal. The purpose of this study was to research the colony development of M. anisopUae to identify potential targets for genetic manipulation to control conidiation. Following Agrobacterium tumefaciem insertional mutagenesis, phenotypic mutants were characterized using Y-shaped adaptor dependent extension PCR. Four of 1 8 colony development recombinants had T-DNA flanking sequences with high homology to genes encoding known signaling pathway proteins that regulate pathogenesis and/or asexual development in filamentous fungi. Conidial density counts and insect bioassays suggested that a Serine/Threonine protein kinase COTl homolog is not essential for conidiation or virulence. Furthermore, a choline kinase homolog is important for conidiation, but not virulence. Finally, the regulator of G protein signaling CAG8 and a NADPH oxidase NoxA homolog are necessary for conidiation and virulence. These genes are candidates for further investigation into the regulatory pathways controlling conidiation to yield insight into promising gene targets for biocontrol strain improvement.

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief
EN_US
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This country note for Macedonia is part of a series of country briefs that summarize information relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with a particular focus on climate and crop projections, adaptation options, policy development and institutional involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for the pilot countries participating in the regional program on reducing vulnerability to climate change in ECA agricultural systems. This note for Macedonia was shared with the Government and other agricultural sector stakeholders and used as an engagement tool for a National Awareness Raising and Consultation Workshop, held in Skopje in May 2010. Feedback and comments on the note from this consultation process have been incorporated into this updated version in collaboration with the Macedonian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy (MAFWE).

Mozambique Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment; Risk Prioritization

Suit, Kilara C.; Choudhary, Vikas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Agricultural risk management is a central issue that Mozambique faces in development, and multiple stakeholders have analyzed this challenge, sometimes with different terminology and focusing on varying aspects. The government of Mozambique has adopted the strategic plan for agricultural development (PEDSA 2010-19) that focuses on: (i) increasing the availability of food in order to reduce hunger through growth in small producer productivity and emergency response capacity; (ii) enlarging the land area under sustainable management and the number of reliable water management systems; (iii) increasing access to the market through improved infrastructures and interventions in marketing; and (iv) improving research and extension for increased adoption of appropriate technologies by producers and agro-processors. The World Bank’s agriculture sector risk assessment takes a holistic approach and relies on long time-series historical data to arrive at an empirical and objective assessment of agricultural risks and their impacts on Mozambique. This assessment will form the basis of the second step...

Senegal; Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

DAlessandro, Stephen; Fall, Amadou Abdoulaye; Grey, George; Simpkin, Simon; Wane, Abdrahmane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The performance of Senegal’s agricultural performance exemplifies the impact of unmanaged risk on productivity among vulnerable smallholder crop producers and pastoralists. The government of Senegal has historically responded to drought and other shocks with direct financial support to farmers as well as general assistance to the rural population. The World Bank, with support from the group of eight (G-8) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Equipment (MARE), commissioned the present study. The objective of this assessment was to assist the government of Senegal to: (1) identify, analyze, quantify, and prioritize principal risks facing the agricultural sector; (2) analyze the impact of these risks; and (3) identify and prioritize appropriate risk management interventions that may contribute to improved stability, reduced vulnerability, and increased resilience of agricultural supply chains in Senegal. This report presents a summary of the assessment’s key findings. Chapter one gives introduction. Chapter two provides an overview of the agricultural sector in Senegal and a discussion of key growth constraints. An assessment of the main agricultural risks is presented in chapter three. Chapter four analyzes the frequency and severity of highlighted risks and assesses their impact. Chapter five presents some stakeholder perceptions of risks and evaluates levels of vulnerability among various livelihood groups. The study concludes in chapter six with an assessment of priorities for risk management and a broad discussion of possible risk management measures that can help to strengthen the resiliency of agricultural supply chains and the livelihoods they support.

Rwanda Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

Giertz, Asa; Gray, George; Mudahar, Mohinder S.; Rubaiza, Rhoda; Galperin, Diana; Suit, Kilara
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agriculture Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developing supply chains and value-added activities. At the same time, Rwanda’s agriculture sector faces a series of challenges. Agriculture is dominated by small-scale, subsistence farming under traditional agricultural practices and rain-fed agriculture. As a result, average crop yields are low compared with potential yields, and exposed to risks such as weather related shocks and pest and disease outbreaks. The purpose of this report is to assess existing risks to the agriculture sector, prioritize them according to their frequency and impacts on the sector, and identify areas of risk management solutions that need deeper specialized attention. Three levels of risks are assessed: production risks...

Ghana Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment; Risk Prioritization

Choudhary, Vikas; D'Alessandro, Stephen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Improved agricultural risk management is one of the core enabling actions of the Group of Eight’s (G-8’s) New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition. The Agricultural Risk Management Team (ARMT) of the Agriculture and Environment Services Department of the World Bank conducted an agricultural sector risk assessment to better understand the dynamics of agricultural risks and identify appropriate responses, incorporate agricultural risk perspective into decision-making, and build capacity of local stakeholders in risk assessment and management.

Sustainable Management of Agricultural Research and Technology Dissemination (SMARTD) : A Strategic Framework

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
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Revitalizing agriculture is critical for rural Indonesia's economic prosperity. Historically, Indonesia's dramatic poverty reduction was driven by progress in agriculture and agriculture continues to be a potent driver of growth and poverty alleviation. Agricultural sector growth strongly induces non-agricultural sector growth in rural areas, particularly through demand for locally produced and services. Agricultural sector productivity growth (along with price changes) has remained the most important way out of poverty. To shift agriculture along these dimensions, Indonesia needs to transition from its current and ineffective public stance, growing subsidies and selective output protection, to a more aggressive provision of public goods and services that build support systems for farmers to achieve continuous productivity gains. This will require an enabling agriculture policy environment, significant improvement in the delivery of services, agricultural research and extension in particular, and supporting enabling investments...

Sustainable Management of Agricultural Research and Technology Dissemination (SMARTD) : A Strategic Framework

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Revitalizing agriculture is critical for rural Indonesia's economic prosperity. Historically, Indonesia's dramatic poverty reduction was driven by progress in agriculture and agriculture continues to be a potent driver of growth and poverty alleviation. Agricultural sector growth strongly induces non-agricultural sector growth in rural areas, particularly through demand for locally produced and services. Agricultural sector productivity growth (along with price changes) has remained the most important way out of poverty. To shift agriculture along these dimensions, Indonesia needs to transition from its current and ineffective public stance, growing subsidies and selective output protection, to a more aggressive provision of public goods and services that build support systems for farmers to achieve continuous productivity gains. This will require an enabling agriculture policy environment, significant improvement in the delivery of services, agricultural research and extension in particular, and supporting enabling investments...

Reducing the Vulnerability of Uzbekistan's Agricultural Systems to Climate Change : Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options

Sutton, William R.; Srivastava, Jitendra P.; Neumann, James E.; Droogers, Peter; Boehlert, Brent B.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
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Agricultural production is inextricably tied to climate, making agriculture one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In countries such as Uzbekistan, the risks of climate change for the agricultural sector are a particularly immediate and important problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. Recent trends in water availability and the presence of drought in Uzbekistan have underscored these risks, as has the presence of agricultural pests that may not have previously been found in Uzbekistan. The need to adapt to climate change in all sectors is on the agenda of national governments and development partners. The capacity to adapt to climatic changes, both in mitigating risks and in taking advantage of the opportunities that climate change can create, is in part dependent on financial resources. As a result, development partners will continue to have an important role in enhancing the adaptive capacity of the Uzbekistan agriculture sector. In response to these challenges, the World Bank and the government of Uzbekistan embarked on a joint study to identify and prioritize options for climate change adaptation of the agricultural sector. This report provides a menu of practical climate change adaptation options for the agriculture and water resources sectors...

Longevity and parasitic capacity of the azorean type of Trichogramma cordubensis Vargas & Cabello (Hym., Trichogrammatidae)

Pinto, Francisco; Tavares, João
Fonte: INRAParis (France) Publicador: INRAParis (France)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1991 ENG
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3rd International Symposium "Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids". 3ème Symposium International "Les trichogrammes et autres parasites oophages", San Antonio (USA), 23-27 Sep 1990.; The recent capture at the island of São Miguel-Azores of a local type of Trichogramma cordubensis Vargas & Cabello (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) gave rise to the question of its epigenetic characterization, according to parameters indentical to those of the continental type. This characterization was carried out with the objective of recognizing its ability to be used as a biological control agents against agricultural pests in this region. It was verified, for this local type, that, in similarity with the continental type, the maximum of its parasitic capacity occurs in the first day after emergence. This seems to indicate that this insect should be introduced in the inundative release fields before its emergence. The local type of T. cordubensis diverged significantly from the continental type in its longevity.

Kenya; Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

D’Alessandro, Stephen P.; Caballero, Jorge; Lichte, John; Simpkin, Simon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agriculture Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Despite myriad challenges, Kenya has emerged in recent years as one of Africa’s frontier economies, with headline growth in the most recent decade propelling the country toward middle-income status. Less well understood is how risk dynamics associated with production, markets, and policy adversely impact sector performance, in terms of both influencing ex ante decision making among farmers, traders, and other sector stakeholders and causing ex post losses to crops, livestock, and incomes - destabilizing livelihoods and jeopardizing the country’s food security. The present study was commissioned in part to bridge this knowledge gap. It is the first step in a multiphase process designed to integrate a stronger risk focus into sector planning and development programs. It seeks to learn from and build on a range of broad initiatives by the Government of Kenya (GoK) and its development partners purposed to enhance Kenya’s resilience and response to natural disasters. The ultimate objective is implementation of a holistic and systematic risk management system that will reduce the vulnerability and strengthen the resiliency of Kenya’s agricultural supply chains...

Paraiba State, Brazil; Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

Arias, Diego; Caballero, Jorge
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agriculture Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report is comprised of two volumes: (i) volume one: risk assessment; and (ii) volume two: risk management strategy. Volume one continues with chapter one, which characterizes the recent performance of the agriculture sector, including agro-climatic and market conditions. It also identifies the productive systems used for this analysis. Chapter two describes the main risks in the agricultural sector, capturing market, production, and enabling environment risks along the value chains involved in the selected productive system typologies. Chapter three presents the estimations of the aggregate impacts of unmanaged agricultural risk on agricultural losses and production volatility. Chapter four identifies risk profiles for different stakeholders, underlying the different types of risk impacts, and then highlights a vulnerability framework. Finally, chapter five presents a prioritization of risks and proposes a preliminary set of priority risk management measures. A short list of potential solution actions is offered as the starting point for a more in-depth solution analysis to be undertaken during the second phase of the risk assessment. Volume two is composed of four chapters. Chapter one provides a brief discussion on the agricultural risk profile and risk management options (solutions) in Paraiba and an inventory of current programs...

Protecting ecosystems by way of biological control: cursory reflections on the main regulatory instruments for biological control agents, present and future

Alberts,R; Moolman,J
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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Although there are numerous threats to ecosystems and the resultant ecosystem services, alien and invasive plants (AIP) have been identified as being one of the major causes of ecosystem destruction. In addressing the threat of alien and invasive plants through the use of various mechanisms, the regulatory framework imposed by legislation is key in ensuring that that controlling AIPs does in fact not do more harm than good. One such control mechanism, which has the potential to do wonders or wreak havoc if not adroitly implemented, is that of using biological control agents. This contribution provides a brief overview on the three main regulatory instruments used to control biological control agents in South Africa, namely the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act 43 of 1983, the Agricultural Pests Act 36 of 1983 and the National Environmental Management. Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004. It also considers possible future developments on the regulation of biological control agents.