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Occurrence of early adverse events after vaccination against influenza at a brazilian reference center

LOPES, Marta Heloísa; MASCHERETTI, Melissa; FRANCO, Marilia Miranda; VASCONCELOS, Ricardo; GUTIERREZ, Eliana Battaggia
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
INTRODUCTION: Since 1999, the Ministry of Health in Brazil has conducted campaigns of vaccination against influenza targeted towards the elderly, chronically-diseased people and health care workers. The vaccine against influenza is associated with adverse events of minor importance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early adverse events related to the vaccine against influenza. CASUISTICS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety seven elderly individuals and health care workers vaccinated against influenza were included. An inquiry regarding adverse events related to the vaccine was applied seven days after the vaccination. RESULTS: Local adverse events were reported by 32.5% and systemic effects by 26.4% of the vaccinated subjects. Pain in the region of the injection, headache, myalgia, malaise, and coryza were more frequent in the workers than in the elderly (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the occurrence of fever. CONCLUSIONS: The belief of part of the population that credits frequent and uncomfortable adverse events to the vaccine was not confirmed. The subjective adverse events were more frequent in the health care workers, which can influence, in a negative way, the disclosure of the benefits of this vaccine due to their role as opinion makers.

Brazilian registered nurses` perceptions and attitudes towards adverse events in nursing care: a phenomenological study

FREITAS, Genival Fernandes de; HOGA, Luiza Akiko Komura; FERNANDES, Maria de Fatima Prado; GONZALEZ, Jose Siles; RUIZ, Maria Carmen Solano; BONINI, Barbara Barrionuevo
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Aim To describe the perceptions and attitudes of registered nurses (RNs) towards adverse events (AEs) in nursing care. Background The professionals` subjective perspectives should be taken into account for the prevention of AEs in care settings. Method Schutz`s social phenomenology was developed. Interviews were conducted with nine Intensive Care Unit RNs. Results The following five descriptive categories emerged: (1) the occurrence of AEs is inherent to the human condition but provokes a feeling of insecurity, (2) the occurrence of AEs indicates the existence of failures in health care systematization, (3) the professionals` attitudes towards AEs should be permeated by ethical principles; (4) the priority regarding AEs should be the mitigation of harm to patients, and (5) decisions regarding the communication of AEs were determined by the severity of the error. Conclusions The various subjective perspectives related to the occurrence of AEs requires a health care systematization with a focus on prevention. Ethical behaviour is essential for the patients` safety. Implications for nursing management Activities aimed at the prevention of AEs should be integrated jointly with both the professionals and the health care institution. A culture of safety...

Medical adverse events in elderly hospitalized patients: A prospective study

Szlejf, Claudia; Farfel, José Marcelo; Curiati, Jose Antonio; Couto Junior, Euro de Barros; Jacob Filho, Wilson; Azevedo Neto, Raymundo Soares de
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SÃO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SÃO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of medical adverse events in elderly patients admitted to an acute care geriatric unit, the predictive factors of occurrence, and the correlation between adverse events and hospital mortality rates. METHODS: This prospective study included 171 admissions of patients aged 60 years and older in the acute care geriatric unit in a teaching hospital in Brazil between 2007 and 2008. The following variables were assessed at admission: the patient age, gender, number of prescription drugs, geriatric syndromes (e. g., immobility, postural instability, dementia, depression, delirium, and incontinence), comorbidities, functional status (evaluated with the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living), and severity of illness (evaluated with the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II). The incidence of delirium, infection, mortality, and the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (based on the Beers criteria) were assessed during hospitalization. An observer who was uninvolved in patient care reported the adverse events. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 78.12 years. A total of 187 medical adverse events occurred in 94 admissions (55%). The predictors of medical adverse events were undetermined. Compared with the patients with no adverse events...

Acellular and "low" pertussis vaccines: adverse events and the role of mutations; Vacinas pertussis acelular e pertussis "low": eventos adversos e o papel das mutações

Higashi, Hisako G.; Luna, Expedito José de Albuquerque; Precioso, Alexander Roberto; Vilela, Marluce; Kubrusly, Flavia Saldanha; Dias, Waldely de Oliveira; Raw, Isaias
Fonte: São Paulo Publicador: São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Objective: to discuss the current PAHO recommendation that does not support the substitution of traditional cellular DTP vaccine by acellular DTP, and the role of mutations, in humans, as the main cause of rare adverse events, such as epileptic-like convulsions, triggered by pertussis vaccine. Data review: the main components related to toxic effects of cellular pertussis vaccines are the lipopolysaccharide of bacterial cell wall and pertussis toxin. The removal of part of lipopolysaccharide layer has allowed the creation of a safer cellular pertussis vaccine, with costs comparable to the traditional cellular vaccine, and which may be a substitute for the acellular vaccine. Conclusion: The new methodology introduced by Instituto Butantan allows for the development of a new safer pertussis vaccine with low LPS content (Plow), and the use of the lipopolysaccharide obtained in the process in the production of monophosphoryl lipid A. This component has shown potent adjuvant effect when administered together with influenza inactivated vaccine, making possible to reduce the antigen dose, enhancing the production capacity and lowering costs.; Objetivo: Discutir as recomendações da WHO-OPAS que não consideram indicada a substituição da vacina DTP celular clássica pela DTP acelular e o papel de mutações...

Eventos adversos na administração de dieta enteral em unidade de terapia intensiva: análise comparativa entre o volume prescrito e o administrado.; Adverse events related to the administration of enteral diet in the unit of intensive care: analyses to compare the volume precribed with the administrated.

Poltronieri, Mairy Jussara de Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/06/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Trata-se de um estudo de abordagem quantitativa, descritivo, prospectivo, que teve como objetivos comparar o volume de dieta enteral prescrito com o administrado aos pacientes internados em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI); comparar as necessidades calóricas diárias (NCD) dos pacientes com as necessidades calóricas prescritas (NCP) e as administradas (NCA); identificar os motivos e os fatores associados a não administração do volume da dieta enteral prescrita aos pacientes. O estudo foi realizado no período de 21 de agosto a 21 de novembro de 2005, em duas UTIs gerais de um hospital privado do Município de São Paulo. A coleta dos dados foi feita diariamente por meio de informações contidas no prontuário e na folha de controle da Unidade. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se a estatística descritiva para caracterizar a amostra de pacientes, a dieta enteral e os motivos da não administração do volume prescrito. A comparação das médias do volume prescrito com o administrado, assim como das médias das NCD com as NCP e as NCA foram feitas com o teste t-Student para amostras pareadas. Para as comparações, segundo faixas de volumes e calorias foi utilizado o índice Kappa. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significantes. O método de regressão logística aplicado para verificar os fatores associados à não administração da dieta enteral foi o Stepwise forward que incorporou ao modelo as variáveis que apresentaram significância estatística (p<0...

Vigilância de eventos adversos pós-vacina DPT e preditores de gravidade: Estado de São Paulo, 1984-2001 ; DPT post vaccine adverse events surveillance and seriousness predictors: State of São Paulo , 1984-2001

Freitas, Fabiana Ramos Martin de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Objetivo: Descrever os eventos adversos pós-vacina DPT (EAPV-DPT) notificados no Estado de São Paulo entre 1984 a 2001; identificar preditores de gravidade desses eventos; avaliar o Sistema de Vigilância de Eventos Adversos Pós-Vacina DPT (SVEAPV-DPT).Métodos: Estudo descritivo e exploratório de preditores de gravidade. A definição de caso adotada é do SVEAPV, sendo este também a fonte dos dados. A avaliação do SVEAPV-DPT foi efetuada segundo metodologia proposta pelo Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Para identificação dos preditores usou-se a regressão logística não-condicional.Resultados: Foram identificados 6266 casos, dos quais 53% eram graves, 29,5% foram hospitalizados; os eventos mais freqüentes foram: febre<39,5ºC, episódio hipotônico-hiporresponsivo, reação local e convulsão. Em cerca de 75% dos casos o evento ocorreu nas primeiras seis horas após a vacinação. Mostraram-se independentemente associadas à gravidade: o intervalo de tempo inferior a uma hora entre a aplicação da vacina e o evento (OR=2,1), primeira dose aplicada (OR=5,8), antecedentes neurológicos pessoais (OR=2,2) e familiares (OR=5,3). O sistema passivo de EAPV é simples, flexível, de baixa sensibilidade, porém útil...

Desenvolvimento de um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem sobre gerenciamento em eventos adversos nos serviços de enfermagem; Development of a learning virtual environment on management in adverse events in nursing services

Xelegati, Rosicler
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
A busca do conhecimento para melhoria da assistência de enfermagem nos serviços de saúde faz-se rotineiramente e a adoção de novas tecnologias educacionais vem colaborar, de forma relevante, para educação permanente dos profissionais. Inúmeros assuntos pertinentes ao cuidado podem ser aprendidos e discutidos em ambientes virtuais, como, por exemplo, os eventos adversos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA) sobre gerenciamento em eventos adversos para educação permanente de enfermeiros, abordando as temáticas: úlcera por pressão, erros de medicação, flebite, queda e perda de sonda nasogastroenteral. O referencial pedagógico foi fundamentado nos estudos de Gagné (1980) que considera que o processo de aprendizagem é baseado na teoria de processamento de informação e constitui-se em oito fases (fase de motivação, de apreensão, de aquisição, de retenção, de rememoração, de generalização, de desempenho e de feedback). A metodologia, uma pesquisa aplicada, utilizou o Modelo de desenvolvimento de programas de Instrução Auxiliada pelo Computador (Computer Assisted Instruction - CAI) proposto por Price (1991), composto de três estágios: 1. planejamento inicial; 2. planejamento e desenvolvimento do conteúdo instrucional; 3. avaliação e revisão. No estágio 1 foi caracterizado o público alvo...

Eventos adversos médicos em idosos hospitalizados: frequência e fatores de risco em enfermaria de geriatria; Medical adverse events in hospitalized elderly patients: frequency and risk factors in a geriatric ward

Szlejf, Cláudia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/11/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Introdução: idosos hospitalizados apresentam maior risco de sofrer eventos adversos na internação que adultos jovens, com consequências mórbidas significativas. O objetivo deste estudo é estimar prospectivamente a freqüência de eventos adversos médicos, os fatores de risco para sua ocorrência e sua relação com óbito intrahospitalar em idosos admitidos aos leitos destinados a cuidados de descompensações clínicas agudas de uma enfermaria de geriatria. Métodos: estudo de coorte prospectivo incluindo as admissões de pacientes com 60 anos ou mais aos leitos destinados a cuidados de descompensações clínicas agudas da Enfermaria de Geriatria do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, com duração maior de 24 horas, entre abril de 2007 e julho de 2008. Na admissão foram obtidos dados sobre sexo, idade, número de drogas utilizadas, presença de síndromes geriátricas (imobilidade, instabilidade postural, incontinência esfincteriana, demência, depressão e delirium), comorbidades, status funcional (índice de Katz) e gravidade de doença (SAPS II). Durante o período de internação avaliou-se a ocorrência de delirium, infecção, a prescrição de medicamentos inapropriados ao idoso (critérios de Beers) e óbito intrahospitalar. Um observador não envolvido nos cuidados dos pacientes relatou a ocorrência de eventos adversos médicos. Resultados: foram incluídas 171 admissões de pacientes...

Uma revisão sistemática e metanálise sobre os eventos adversos decorrentes do uso de benzodiazepínicos pos idosos.; A systematic review and meta-analysis about the adverse events resulting from the use of benzodiazepines by elderly.

Basile, Ricardo Portugal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
O avanço econômico, científico e tecnológico, vem levando a um aumento da expectativa de vida e consequente envelhecimento da população. Assim, o idoso requer atenção especial pela maior incidência de doenças crônicas e degenerativas e pelo aumento concomitante no uso de fármacos, podendo ocasionar complicações pela sua maior vulnerabilidade à eventos adversos (EAs), uso inapropriado e abusivo, exposição à interações medicamentosas sérias, e casos de iatrogenias. Acrescenta-se o fato particular de um aumento abusivo no uso de benzodiazepínicos (BDZs). O objetivo deste trabalho foi rever e sintetizar as evidências geradas por ensaios clínicos controlados e randomizados sobre a incidência de EAs relacionados ao uso de BDZs em idosos com ansiedade ou insônia em comparação àqueles que, sob as mesmas condições clínicas, não o utilizaram. Desenvolveu-se a recuperação de artigos em cinco bases de dados eletrônicas na área da saúde (PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Cochrane Central, e LILACS), para posterior análise combinada (metanálise) dos resultados evidenciados.; The economic, scientific and technological progresses have provided an increase in life expectancy and the consequent process of aging. Thus...

Eventos adversos e carga de trabalho de enfermagem em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas: estudo de coorte; Adverse events and nursing workload on patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cells transplantion: a cohort study

Silva, Juliana Bastoni da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Introdução: No paciente submetido ao transplante de células tronco-hematopoiéticas (TCTH), os eventos adversos (EA) representam ocorrência relevante, porém inerente ao procedimento. Tais EA interferem no status clínico do paciente e, possivelmente, na carga de trabalho de enfermagem. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre ocorrência de EA e a carga de trabalho de enfermagem demandada por pacientes submetidos ao TCTH. Método: Coorte prospectiva realizada com pacientes internados na unidade de TCTH do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. A amostra foi composta por 62 pacientes; os dados foram obtidos pela análise diária dos prontuários. A variável dependente foi carga de trabalho de enfermagem, mensurada pelo Nursing Activities Score (NAS), e as variáveis independentes foram as demográfico-clínicas, dentre as quais a ocorrência e gravidade de EA, que foram identificados e classificados de acordo com Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Na análise dos dados utilizaram-se os testes Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fisher, os não-paramétricos Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. Para estudar as relações entre a variável NAS e as variáveis independentes foram construídos modelos de regressão linear múltipla. Resultados: Verificou-se incidência de 100% de EA relativos a investigações laboratoriais...

Acellular and "low" pertussis vaccines: adverse events and the role of mutations

Higashi,Hisako G.; Luna,Expedito; Precioso,Alexander R.; Vilela,Marluce; Kubrusly,Flávia S.; Dias,Waldely O.; Raw,Isaias
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Objective: to discuss the current PAHO recommendation that does not support the substitution of traditional cellular DTP vaccine by acellular DTP, and the role of mutations, in humans, as the main cause of rare adverse events, such as epileptic-like convulsions, triggered by pertussis vaccine. Data review: the main components related to toxic effects of cellular pertussis vaccines are the lipopolysaccharide of bacterial cell wall and pertussis toxin. The removal of part of lipopolysaccharide layer has allowed the creation of a safer cellular pertussis vaccine, with costs comparable to the traditional cellular vaccine, and which may be a substitute for the acellular vaccine. Conclusion: The new methodology introduced by Instituto Butantan allows for the development of a new safer pertussis vaccine with low LPS content (Plow), and the use of the lipopolysaccharide obtained in the process in the production of monophosphoryl lipid A. This component has shown potent adjuvant effect when administered together with influenza inactivated vaccine, making possible to reduce the antigen dose, enhancing the production capacity and lowering costs.

Adverse events and other incidents in neonatal intensive care units

Lanzillotti,Luciana da Silva; Seta,Marismary Horsth De; Andrade,Carla Lourenço Tavares de; Mendes Junior,Walter Vieira
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
The occurrence of avoidable adverse events (AEs) represents a problem of quality of care that is responsible for the increase in monetary and social costs, causing suffering to the patient, their family members and the professional involved. This situation is aggravated when it involves newborns (NBs) with very low birth weights and shorter gestational ages, admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The scope of this study is to understand more about these incidents and adverse events in NICUs. The article aims to identify the occurrence of incidents, with and without injury that have occurred in NICUs in the literature and correlate this with the gestational age group of the NBs most affected. This is a systematic review of the available literature on incidents, particularly AEs as witnessed in NICUs. This study reveals that the types of incidents that occur in NICUs, with or without injury to the patient, are related to errors or failures in medication use, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), skin injuries, mechanical ventilation and intravascular catheters. The cause of incidents and adverse events in NICUs are associated with human factors and the outcomes that are most damaging are due to HAIs. Furthermore, the study points out ways to mitigate these occurrences.

Occurrence of early adverse events after vaccination against influenza at a brazilian reference center

Lopes,Marta Heloísa; Mascheretti,Melissa; Franco,Marilia Miranda; Vasconcelos,Ricardo; Gutierrez,Eliana Battaggia
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
INTRODUCTION: Since 1999, the Ministry of Health in Brazil has conducted campaigns of vaccination against influenza targeted towards the elderly, chronically-diseased people and health care workers. The vaccine against influenza is associated with adverse events of minor importance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early adverse events related to the vaccine against influenza. CASUISTICS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety seven elderly individuals and health care workers vaccinated against influenza were included. An inquiry regarding adverse events related to the vaccine was applied seven days after the vaccination. RESULTS: Local adverse events were reported by 32.5% and systemic effects by 26.4% of the vaccinated subjects. Pain in the region of the injection, headache, myalgia, malaise, and coryza were more frequent in the workers than in the elderly (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the occurrence of fever. CONCLUSIONS: The belief of part of the population that credits frequent and uncomfortable adverse events to the vaccine was not confirmed. The subjective adverse events were more frequent in the health care workers, which can influence, in a negative way, the disclosure of the benefits of this vaccine due to their role as opinion makers.

Medical adverse events in elderly hospitalized patients: a prospective study

Szlejf,Claudia; Farfel,Jose Marcelo; Curiati,Jose Antonio; Couto Junior,Euro de Barros; Jacob-Filho,Wilson; Azevedo,Raymundo Soares
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of medical adverse events in elderly patients admitted to an acute care geriatric unit, the predictive factors of occurrence, and the correlation between adverse events and hospital mortality rates. METHODS: This prospective study included 171 admissions of patients aged 60 years and older in the acute care geriatric unit in a teaching hospital in Brazil between 2007 and 2008. The following variables were assessed at admission: the patient age, gender, number of prescription drugs, geriatric syndromes (e.g., immobility, postural instability, dementia, depression, delirium, and incontinence), comorbidities, functional status (evaluated with the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living), and severity of illness (evaluated with the Simplified Acute Physiology Score Il). The incidence of delirium, infection, mortality, and the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (based on the Beers criteria) were assessed during hospitalization. An observer who was uninvolved in patient care reported the adverse events. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 78.12 years. A total of 187 medical adverse events occurred in 94 admissions (55%). The predictors of medical adverse events were undetermined. Compared with the patients with no adverse events...

National trends in hospital-acquired preventable adverse events after major cancer surgery in the USA

Sukumar, Shyam; Roghmann, Florian; Trinh, Vincent Q; Sammon, Jesse D; Gervais, Mai-Kim; Tan, Hung-Jui; Ravi, Praful; Kim, Simon P; Hu, Jim C; Karakiewicz, Pierre I; Noldus, Joachim; Sun, Maxine; Menon, Mani; Trinh, Quoc-Dien
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Objectives: While multiple studies have demonstrated variations in the quality of cancer care in the USA, payers are increasingly assessing structure-level and process-level measures to promote quality improvement. Hospital-acquired adverse events are one such measure and we examine their national trends after major cancer surgery. Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of a weighted-national estimate from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) undergoing major oncological procedures (colectomy, cystectomy, oesophagectomy, gastrectomy, hysterectomy, lung resection, pancreatectomy and prostatectomy). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) were utilised to identify trends in hospital-acquired adverse events. Setting: Secondary and tertiary care, US hospitals in NIS Participants: A weighted-national estimate of 2 508 917 patients (>18 years, 1999–2009) from NIS. Primary outcome measures Hospital-acquired adverse events. Results: 324 852 patients experienced ≥1-PSI event (12.9%). Patients with ≥1-PSI experienced higher rates of in-hospital mortality (OR 19.38, 95% CI 18.44 to 20.37), prolonged length of stay (OR 4.43, 95% CI 4.31 to 4.54) and excessive hospital-charges (OR 5.21, 95% CI 5.10 to 5.32). Patients treated at lower volume hospitals experienced both higher PSI events and failure-to-rescue rates. While a steady increase in the frequency of PSI events after major cancer surgery has occurred over the last 10 years (estimated annual % change (EAPC): 3.5%...

Predictors of acute adverse events from rapid rituximab infusion

Lang, S.; Keefe, D.; Schultz, T.; Pearson, A.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the predictors of acute adverse events resulting from rapid rituximab infusion over 90 min. METHOD: It was a retrospective cohort study using medical record review based on a convenience sampling from 2007 till May 2011 in both in-patient and ambulatory setting in Royal Adelaide Hospital. RESULTS: There were a total of 294 patients who received 376 courses and 1,571 cycles of rapid rituximab infusion. Forty-three (14.6 %) patients experienced acute adverse events of hypotension being the most commonly occurring events followed by patients feeling hot and face-flushed. There were 11 predictors analysed, namely age, gender, diagnosis, stage of disease, presence of cardiac or lung morbidities, type of treatment, number of course and cycles, total white blood cells count, lymphocyte counts and lactate dehydrogenase using log generalised estimating equation for univariate and multivariate analysis. The findings successfully demonstrated that high lymphocyte counts were the independent predictor of acute adverse event from rapid rituximab infusion (p = 0.0009). Patient with high lymphocyte counts were 6.9382 times the odd to experience an adverse event as compared to those with normal lymphocyte counts. CONCLUSION: There are no specific patient characteristics to preclude prescribing rapid rituximab infusion following a 90-min regimen for non-Hodgkin lymphoma except a potential for adverse events to occur when patients have abnormally high lymphocyte counts.; Dora S. P. Lang...

Fish oil administration in older adults: is there potential for adverse events? A systematic review of the literature

Villani, A.; Crotty, M.; Cleland, L.; James, M.; Fraser, R.; Cobiac, L.; Miller, M.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Background: Omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation is becoming increasingly popular. However given its antithrombotic properties the potential for severe adverse events (SAE) such as bleeding has safety implications, particularly in an older adult population. A systematic review of randomized control trials (RCT) was conducted to explore the potential for SAE and non-severe adverse events (non-SAE) associated with n-3 supplementation in older adults. Methods: A comprehensive search strategy using Medline and a variety of other electronic sources was conducted. Studies investigating the oral administration of n-3 fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or both against a placebo were sourced. The primary outcome of interest included reported SAE associated with n-3 supplementation. Chi-square analyses were conducted on the pooled aggregate of AEs. Results: Of the 398 citations initially retrieved, a total of 10 studies involving 994 older adults aged ≥60 years were included in the review. Daily fish oil doses ranged from 0.03 g to 1.86 g EPA and/or DHA with study durations ranging from 6 to 52 weeks. No SAE were reported and there were no significant differences in the total AE rate between groups (n-3 intervention group: 53/540; 9.8%; placebo group: 28/454; 6.2%; p = 0.07). Non-SAE relating to gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances were the most commonly reported however there was no significant increase in the proportion of GI disturbances reported in participants randomized to the n-3 intervention (n-3 intervention group: 42/540 (7.8%); placebo group: 24/454 (5.3%); p = 0.18). Conclusions: The potential for AEs appear mild-moderate at worst and are unlikely to be of clinical significance. The use of n-3 fatty acids and the potential for SAE should however be further researched to investigate whether this evidence is consistent at higher doses and in other populations. These results also highlight that well-documented data outlining the potential for SAE following n-3 supplementation are limited nor adequately reported to draw definitive conclusions concerning the safety associated with n-3 supplementation. A more rigorous and systematic approach for monitoring and recording AE data in clinical settings that involve n-3 supplementation is required.; Anthony M Villani...

Occurrence of early adverse events after vaccination against influenza at a brazilian reference center

Lopes, Marta Heloísa; Mascheretti, Melissa; Franco, Marilia Miranda; Vasconcelos, Ricardo; Gutierrez, Eliana Battaggia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
INTRODUCTION: Since 1999, the Ministry of Health in Brazil has conducted campaigns of vaccination against influenza targeted towards the elderly, chronically-diseased people and health care workers. The vaccine against influenza is associated with adverse events of minor importance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early adverse events related to the vaccine against influenza. CASUISTICS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety seven elderly individuals and health care workers vaccinated against influenza were included. An inquiry regarding adverse events related to the vaccine was applied seven days after the vaccination. RESULTS: Local adverse events were reported by 32.5% and systemic effects by 26.4% of the vaccinated subjects. Pain in the region of the injection, headache, myalgia, malaise, and coryza were more frequent in the workers than in the elderly (p

Medical adverse events in elderly hospitalized patients: a prospective study

Szlejf, Claudia; Farfel, Jose Marcelo; Curiati, Jose Antonio; Couto Junior, Euro de Barros; Jacob-Filho, Wilson; Azevedo, Raymundo Soares
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of medical adverse events in elderly patients admitted to an acute care geriatric unit, the predictive factors of occurrence, and the correlation between adverse events and hospital mortality rates. METHODS: This prospective study included 171 admissions of patients aged 60 years and older in the acute care geriatric unit in a teaching hospital in Brazil between 2007 and 2008. The following variables were assessed at admission: the patient age, gender, number of prescription drugs, geriatric syndromes (e.g., immobility, postural instability, dementia, depression, delirium, and incontinence), comorbidities, functional status (evaluated with the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living), and severity of illness (evaluated with the Simplified Acute Physiology Score Il). The incidence of delirium, infection, mortality, and the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (based on the Beers criteria) were assessed during hospitalization. An observer who was uninvolved in patient care reported the adverse events. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 78.12 years. A total of 187 medical adverse events occurred in 94 admissions (55%). The predictors of medical adverse events were undetermined. Compared with the patients with no adverse events...

Adverse events and other incidents in neonatal intensive care units

Lanzillotti,Luciana da Silva; Seta,Marismary Horsth De; Andrade,Carla Lourenço Tavares de; Mendes Junior,Walter Vieira
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
The occurrence of avoidable adverse events (AEs) represents a problem of quality of care that is responsible for the increase in monetary and social costs, causing suffering to the patient, their family members and the professional involved. This situation is aggravated when it involves newborns (NBs) with very low birth weights and shorter gestational ages, admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The scope of this study is to understand more about these incidents and adverse events in NICUs. The article aims to identify the occurrence of incidents, with and without injury that have occurred in NICUs in the literature and correlate this with the gestational age group of the NBs most affected. This is a systematic review of the available literature on incidents, particularly AEs as witnessed in NICUs. This study reveals that the types of incidents that occur in NICUs, with or without injury to the patient, are related to errors or failures in medication use, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), skin injuries, mechanical ventilation and intravascular catheters. The cause of incidents and adverse events in NICUs are associated with human factors and the outcomes that are most damaging are due to HAIs. Furthermore, the study points out ways to mitigate these occurrences.