Página 1 dos resultados de 1335 itens digitais encontrados em 0.014 segundos

Demographic, etiological, and histological pulmonary analysis of patients with acute respiratory failure: a study of 19 years of autopsies

SOEIRO, Alexandre de Matos; RUPPERT, Aline D.; CANZIAN, Mauro; PARRA, Edwin R.; FARHAT, Cecília; CAPELOZZI, Vera L.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory failure has been one of the most important causes of death in intensive care units, and certain aspects of its pulmonary pathology are currently unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the demographic data, etiology, and pulmonary histopathological findings of different diseases in the autopsies of patients with acute respiratory failure. METHOD: Autopsies of 4,710 patients with acute respiratory failure from 1990 to 2008 were reviewed, and the following data were obtained: age, sex, and major associated diseases. The pulmonary histopathology was categorized as diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage, and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of the concordance between the major associated diseases and specific autopsy findings was calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 33.9% of the cases and cancer in 28.1%. The pulmonary histopathology showed diffuse alveolar damage in 40.7% (1,917) of the cases. A multivariate analysis showed a significant and powerful association between diffuse alveolar damage and bronchopneumonia, HIV/AIDS, sepsis, and septic shock, between liver cirrhosis and pulmonary embolism...

The epidemiology of acute respiratory failure in hospitalized patients: A Brazilian prospective cohort study

FRANCA, Suelene Aires; TOUFEN JUNIOR, Carlos; HOVNANIAN, Andre Luiz D.; ALBUQUERQUE, Andre Luis P.; BORGES, Eduardo R.; PIZZO, Vladimir R. P.; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC Publicador: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.15%
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess risk factors associated with the development of acute respiratory failure (ARF) and death in a general intensive care unit (ICU). Materials and Methods: Adults who were hospitalized at 12 surgical and nonsurgical ICUs were prospectively followed up. Multivariable analyses were realized to determine the risk factors for ARF and point out the prognostic factors for mortality in these patients. Results: A total of 1732 patients were evaluated, with an ARF prevalence of 57%. Of the 889 patients who were admitted without ARF, 141 (16%) developed this syndrome in the ICU. The independent risk factors for developing ARF were 64 years of age or older, longer time between hospital and ICU admission, unscheduled surgical or clinical reason for ICU admission, and severity of illness. Of the 984 patients with ARF, 475 (48%) died during the ICU stay. Independent prognostic factors for death were age older than 64 years, time between hospital and ICU admission of more than 4 days, history of hematologic malignancy or AIDS, the development of ARF in ICU, acute lung injury, and severity of illness. Conclusions: Acute respiratory failure represents a large percentage of all ICU patients, and the high mortality is related to some preventable factors such as the time to ICU admission. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Postmortem diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute respiratory failure - demographics, etiologic and pulmonary histologic analysis

Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert, Aline D.; Canzian, Mauro; Capelozzi, Vera L.; Serrano, Carlos V., Jr.
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.28%
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is present in 5% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and is responsible for 20% to 30% of the fatal post-acute myocardial infarction. The role of inflammation associated with pulmonary edema as a cause of acute respiratory failure post-acute myocardial infarction remains to be determined. We aimed to describe the demographics, etiologic data and histological pulmonary findings obtained through autopsies of patients who died during the period from 1990 to 2008 due to acute respiratory failure with no diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction during life. METHODS: This study considers 4,223 autopsies of patients who died of acute respiratory failure that was not preceded by any particular diagnosis while they were alive. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was given in 218 (4.63%) patients. The age, sex and major associated diseases were recorded for each patient. Pulmonary histopathology was categorized as follows: diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of acute myocardial infarction associated with specific histopathology was determined by logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 147 men were included in the study. The mean age at the time of death was 64 years. Pulmonary histopathology revealed pulmonary edema as well as the presence of diffuse alveolar damage in 72.9% of patients. Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 11.9% of patients...

Postmortem diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute respiratory failure: demographics, etiologic and pulmonary histologic analysis

Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert, Aline D.; Canzian, Mauro; Capelozzi, Vera L.; Serrano, Jr., Carlos V.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.28%
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is present in 5% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and is responsible for 20% to 30% of the fatal post-acute myocardial infarction. The role of inflammation associated with pulmonary edema as a cause of acute respiratory failure post-acute myocardial infarction remains to be determined. We aimed to describe the demographics, etiologic data and histological pulmonary findings obtained through autopsies of patients who died during the period from 1990 to 2008 due to acute respiratory failure with no diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction during life. METHODS: This study considers 4,223 autopsies of patients who died of acute respiratory failure that was not preceded by any particular diagnosis while they were alive. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was given in 218 (4.63%) patients. The age, sex and major associated diseases were recorded for each patient. Pulmonary histopathology was categorized as follows: diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of acute myocardial infarction associated with specific histopathology was determined by logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 147 men were included in the study. The mean age at the time of death was 64 years. Pulmonary histopathology revealed pulmonary edema as well as the presence of diffuse alveolar damage in 72.9% of patients. Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 11.9% of patients...

Influência dos procedimentos hemodialíticos na mecânica respiratória em pacientes com insuficiência renal, aguda ou crônica, sob ventilação mecânica invasiva; The influence of hemodialysis on respiratory mechanics of patients with acute or chronic renal failure, on invasive mechanical ventilation

Steinhorst, Renata Campos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.2%
Introdução: A insuficiência renal (IRen) aguda ou renal crônica podem levar a complicações respiratórias, que podem culminar com insuficiência respiratória aguda (IRpA), severa hipoxemia e alterações de mecânica respiratória (MR). O tratamento hemodialítico, pode desencadear um processo inflamatório pulmonar entretanto, a correção da hipervolemia que proporciona, pode melhorar a IRpA. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da hemodiálise (HD) na MR de pacientes com IRen sob ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI). Materiais e Métodos: Pacientes com IRen, idade 18 a 75 anos, em VMI e em HD. Parâmetros analisados: clínicos gerais, laboratoriais (hemograma, gasometria arterial, função renal), características da HD e MR (complacência estática e dinâmica, e resistência do sistema respiratório). Os parâmetros foram analisados antes do início da HD e 4 horas após seu início. Resultados: (média ± DP) Foram analisados 37 pacientes, idade 51 ± 17 anos. Houve perda de peso, e melhora dos parâmetros laboratoriais (p < 0,05) exceto a PaO2 e a saturação de O2. A HD não alterou a pressão arterial e nem a MR, porém o delta da complacência dinâmica apresentou correlação com o delta de creatinina (p = 0...

Ventilação mecânica não-invasiva em crianças com insuficiência respiratória aguda: uma revisão sistemática da literatura; Non invasive ventilation for children with acute respiratory failure: a systematic rewiew

Gonzaga, Carolina Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.23%
INTRODUÇÃO: A ventilação não-invasiva consiste na aplicação de pressão positiva na via aérea do paciente através de máscaras e interfaces sem a utilização de uma cânula intratraqueal. A presença da cânula na traquéia e outros fatores relacionados à ventilação invasiva convencional são responsáveis por diversas complicações. O uso da ventilação não-invasiva e o desenvolvimento de estudos sobre o tema têm aumentado nos últimos anos, com o objetivo de prevenir ou amenizar as complicações da ventilação invasiva. Em grupos selecionados de pacientes adultos, a ventilação nãoinvasiva é responsável pela diminuição da necessidade de intubação, mortalidade e custos hospitalares. Em pediatria, o número de estudos ainda é reduzido. OBJETIVOS: 1) Descrever os aspectos gerais relacionados ao uso da ventilação não-invasiva (interfaces, ventiladores, modos, pressões, tempo de uso e cuidados) em crianças e adolescentes com insuficiência respiratória aguda. 2) Avaliar a eficácia e a efetividade do uso da ventilação não-invasiva em crianças e adolescentes com insuficiência respiratória aguda. 3) Descrever as complicações da ventilação não-invasiva em crianças e adolescentes com insuficiência respiratória aguda. METODOLOGIA: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura nas seguintes bases de dados: Medline...

Non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure in children

Abadesso, C; Nunes, P; Silvestre, C; Matias, E; Loureiro, H; Almeida, H
Fonte: PAGEPress Publicador: PAGEPress
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
BACKGROUND: There is only sparse data on the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in acute respiratory failure (ARF) in infants and children. For this setting we investigated feasibility and efficacy of NIV and aimed to identify early predictors for treatment failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for all patients treated with NIV for ARF from 2003 to 2010 on an 8-bed pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients were treated with NIV. One patient did not tolerate mask ventilation and needed immediate invasive ventilation. Intubation rate of the remaining patients was 23% and mortality 15%. Institution of NIV led to significant improvement of both respiratory and heart rate in all patients within the first hour and to further stabilization within the next 8-10 hr. In patients with NIV success blood gases improved significantly 1-2 hr after starting NIV. Multivariate analysis identified low pH after 1-2 hr to be an individual risk factor for NIV failure. Other factors tested were age, underlying disease, acute respiratory insufficiency versus post-extubation failure (PEF), and 1-2 hr after starting NIV oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, PCO(2) ...

Leptospirosis as a cause of acute respiratory failure: clinical features and outcome in 35 critical care patients

Vieira,Silvia R R; Brauner,Janete S
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
Leptospirosis may have important complications, such as acute respiratory failure (ARF) associated or not with other organic dysfunction, with a high mortality rate. We report the characteristics and evolution of severe leptospirosis associated with ARF. During 10 years, 35 consecutive adult patients admitted in two general Intensive Care Units with severe leptospirosis and ARF, were followed up. Clinical characteristics, associated organic dysfunction and mortality were analyzed. Survivors were compared with non-survivors. The most frequent clinical manifestations were dyspnea, fever, myalgia, jaundice, hemoptysis and coughing. All patients presented ARF, needing mechanical ventilation, as well as other organic dysfunctions. The mortality rate was 51%. Non-survivors were older and had a higher incidence of organic dysfunction, mainly renal, cardiovascular and neurological failures, as well as a higher level of acidosis. In conclusion, leptospirosis should be considered as a cause of severe ARF and other associated organic dysfunctions.

Correlation between surgical lung biopsy and autopsy findings and clinical data in patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and acute respiratory failure

Canzian,Mauro; Soeiro,Alexandre de Matos; Taga,Marcel Frederico de Lima; Barbas,Carmen Silvia Valente; Capelozzi,Vera Luiza
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
INTRODUCTION: Surgical lung biopsy is an invasive procedure performed when other procedures have failed to provide an urgent and specific diagnosis, but there may be reluctance to perform it in critically ill patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, the changes in therapy and survival of patients with diffuse lung infiltrates, mostly presenting acute respiratory failure, who underwent surgical biopsy. METHODS: We retrospectively examined medical records and surgical lung biopsies from 1982 to 2003 of 63 patients older than 18 years with diffuse infiltrates. Clinical diagnoses were compared to histopathological ones, from biopsies and autopsies. Laboratory and epidemiological data were evaluated, and their relationship to hospital survival was analyzed. RESULTS: All histological specimens exhibited abnormalities, mostly presenting benign/inflammatory etiologies. Fifteen patients had an etiologic factor determined in biopsy, most commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The preoperative diagnosis was rectified in 37 patients. Autopsies were obtained in 25 patients and confirmed biopsy results in 72% of cases. Therapy was changed for 65% of patients based on biopsy results. Forty-nine percent of patients survived to be discharged from the hospital. Characteristics that differed significantly between survivors and nonsurvivors included sex (P = 0.05)...

Demographic, etiological, and histological pulmonary analysis of patients with acute respiratory failure: a study of 19 years of autopsies

Soeiro,Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert,Aline D.; Canzian,Mauro; Parra,Edwin R.; Farhat,Cecília; Capelozzi,Vera L.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory failure has been one of the most important causes of death in intensive care units, and certain aspects of its pulmonary pathology are currently unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the demographic data, etiology, and pulmonary histopathological findings of different diseases in the autopsies of patients with acute respiratory failure. METHOD: Autopsies of 4,710 patients with acute respiratory failure from 1990 to 2008 were reviewed, and the following data were obtained: age, sex, and major associated diseases. The pulmonary histopathology was categorized as diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage, and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of the concordance between the major associated diseases and specific autopsy findings was calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 33.9% of the cases and cancer in 28.1%. The pulmonary histopathology showed diffuse alveolar damage in 40.7% (1,917) of the cases. A multivariate analysis showed a significant and powerful association between diffuse alveolar damage and bronchopneumonia, HIV/AIDS, sepsis, and septic shock, between liver cirrhosis and pulmonary embolism...

Postmortem diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute respiratory failure: demographics, etiologic and pulmonary histologic analysis

Soeiro,Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert,Aline D.; Canzian,Mauro; Capelozzi,Vera L.; Serrano, Jr.,Carlos V.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.28%
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is present in 5% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and is responsible for 20% to 30% of the fatal post-acute myocardial infarction. The role of inflammation associated with pulmonary edema as a cause of acute respiratory failure post-acute myocardial infarction remains to be determined. We aimed to describe the demographics, etiologic data and histological pulmonary findings obtained through autopsies of patients who died during the period from 1990 to 2008 due to acute respiratory failure with no diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction during life. METHODS: This study considers 4,223 autopsies of patients who died of acute respiratory failure that was not preceded by any particular diagnosis while they were alive. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was given in 218 (4.63%) patients. The age, sex and major associated diseases were recorded for each patient. Pulmonary histopathology was categorized as follows: diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of acute myocardial infarction associated with specific histopathology was determined by logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 147 men were included in the study. The mean age at the time of death was 64 years. Pulmonary histopathology revealed pulmonary edema as well as the presence of diffuse alveolar damage in 72.9% of patients. Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 11.9% of patients...

Adiponectin Gene Polymorphisms and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Susceptibility and Mortality

Ahasic, Amy M.; Zhao, Yang; Su, Li; Sheu, Chau-Chyun; Thompson, B. Taylor; Christiani, David C.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.03%
Rationale: Adiponectin is an anti-inflammatory adipokine that is the most abundant gene product of adipose tissue. Lower levels have been observed in obesity, insulin resistance, and in critical illness. However, elevated levels early in acute respiratory failure have been associated with mortality. Polymorphisms in adiponectin-related genes (ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1, ADIPOR2) have been examined for relationships with obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and to circulating adipokine levels, but many gaps in knowledge remain. The current study aims to assess the association between potentially functional polymorphisms in adiponectin-related genes with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) risk and mortality. Methods: Consecutive patients with risk factors for ARDS admitted to the ICU were enrolled and followed prospectively for development of ARDS. ARDS cases were followed through day 60 for all-cause mortality. 2067 patients were successfully genotyped using the Illumina CVD BeadChip high-density platform. Of these, 567 patients developed ARDS. Forty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2 were successfully genotyped. Of these, 9 SNPs were hypothesized to be functional based on their location (promoter...

Phosphate metabolism in intensive care patients with acute respiratory failure

Moran, J.; Solomon, P.; Yeung, V.; Pannall, P.; John, G.; Eliseo, A.
Fonte: Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine Publicador: Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.16%
Objective: To determine the variables predicting the change of plasma phosphate over the first 24 hr period in intensive care in patients with acute respiratory failure Methods: Fifty-seven patients were studied prospectively in a university teaching hospital intensive care unit (ICU). Thirty two patients were classified as having acute respiratory failure and a primary respiratory system diagnosis (group I), 10 were classified as having acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (group II) and 15 were general ICU patients (group III). Arterial blood specimens at intensive care unit admission (T0) and at 24 hr post-admission (T24) were assayed for multiple plasma biochemical parameters including phosphate (PO4) and red blood cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG). Timed urine collections were used to determine 24 hr urine phosphate loss and renal phosphate threshold concentration (RTP). During the measurement period glucose-free fluids only were infused. Results: Fifty seven patients had a mean (± SD) age of 67 ± 12 years and Apache II score of 22 ± 6. The plasma PO4 at T0 was 1.55 ± 0.71 mmol/L and showed a significant 24 hr decrease of 0.55 mmol/L (p < 0.0001) at T24. Hypophosphataemia at T0 was observed in 26% of patients. Red blood cell 2...

Valor predictor del cociente saturación hemoglobina/FiO2 en pacientes pediátricos con insuficiencia respiratoria aguda debida a neumonía tratados con ventilación no invasiva; Predictive value of the pulse oximetric saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio in pediatric patients with acute respiratory failure due to pneumonia treated with non-invasive ventilation

Palanca Arias, Daniel
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.19%
RESUMEN: El uso de la ventilación no invasiva (VNI) en pacientes con fracaso respiratorio hipoxémico debido a neumonía es controvertido, alcanzando elevadas tasas de fracaso en el Síndrome de Distrés Respiratorio Agudo (SDRA). Recientemente, el cociente SpO2/FiO2 (SF) se ha equiparado al cociente paO2/FiO2 (PF) para la valoración del SDRA. Determinamos en una cohorte de pacientes, diagnosticados de neumonía y tratados con VNI, si el cociente SF es una variable con valor predictor de fracaso durante las primeras horas y clasificamos mediante dicho cociente el SDRA según la última definición de Berlín (leve, moderado, grave) para identificar aquellos pacientes de mayor riesgo. La tasa global de éxito de la VNI fue del 77%. Tanto el cociente SF como la FC a las 2h se identificaron como factores predictores independientes de fracaso. El diagnóstico de SDRA mediante el cociente SF, podría utilizarse para identificar a una población más susceptible de fracaso.; ABSTRACT: The use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to pneumonia is discussed. The most frequent cause of ARF was pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was the main cause of treatment failure. A good correlation between SF ratio (SpO2/FiO2) and PF ratio (paO2/FiO2) was recently confirmed. We aimed to evaluate if the SF ratio is a reliable predictive factor for NIV failure in pediatric patients with moderate hypoxemic ARF due to pneumonia and could classify ARDS according to the recent Berlin definition (mild...

La ventilazione non-invasiva a pressione positiva nell’insufficienza respiratoria acuta ipercapnica: 10 anni di esperienza clinica di una Unità di Terapia Semi-Intensiva Respiratoria; Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure: ten-year’s clinical experience of a Respiratory Semi-Intensive Care Unit.

Scala, Raffaele; Naldi, Mario
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.23%
PremessaSebbene numerosi studi prospettici, controllati e randomizzati abbiano dimostrato il successo della ventilazione non-invasiva a pressione positiva (NIV) in casi selezionati di insufficienza respiratoria acuta ipercapnica (IRA) in setting con intensità di cura differenti, i dati di pratica clinica relativi all’uso della NIV nel “mondo reale” sono limitati. Scopo Riportare i risultati della nostra esperienza clinica sulla NIV nell’IRA applicata nell’Unità di Terapia Semi-Intensiva Respiratoria (UTSIR) allocata all’interno dell’Unità Operativa di Pneumologia di Arezzo negli anni 1996-2006 in termini di: tollerabilità, effetti sui gas ematici, tasso di successo e fattori predittivi del fallimento.MetodiTrecentocinquanta dei 1484 pazienti (23.6%) consecutivamente ammessi per IRA nella nostra Unità Operativa di Pneumologia durante il periodo di studio hanno ricevuto la NIV in aggiunta alla terapia standard, in seguito al raggiungimento di criteri predefiniti impiegati di routine.RisultatiOtto pazienti (2.3%) non hanno tollerato la NIV per discomfort alla maschera, mentre i rimanenti 342 (M: 240, F: 102; età: mediana (interquartili) 74.0 (68.0-79.3) anni; BPCO: 69.3%) sono stati ventilati per >1 ora. I gas ematici sono significativamente migliorati dopo 2 ore di NIV (media (deviazione standard) pH: 7.33 (0.07) versus 7.28 (7.25-7.31)...

Aplicação da ventilação mecânica não-invasiva em pacientes com insuficiência respiratória aguda; Application of non-invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure

Silva, Fabíola Batista Da
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: Texto
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
O uso da ventilação não invasiva (VNI) para o tratamento de pacientes com insuficiência respiratória aguda foi, certamente, um dos maiores avanços da ventilação mecânica nas últimas duas décadas. Apesar de seu uso ser relativamente recente; o grande número de séries de casos, ensaios clínicos randomizados, meta-análises ou revisões sistemáticas; assim como conferências de consenso e diretrizes publicadas até o presente momento tornaram a aplicação dessa técnica viável em relação a métodos mais invasivos como a Ventilação Mecânica Invasiva. Hoje não há dúvidas de que o uso da VNI em grupos selecionados de pacientes é responsável pela diminuição da necessidade de intubação, mortalidade e custos do tratamento, motivo pelo qual o seu uso vem se tornando cada vez mais freqüente, sendo também outra tentativa de melhora da ventilação do paciente sem antes necessitar de métodos invasivos. A utilização deste método em relação às diferentes patologias que levam a Insuficiência Respiratória depende dos modos ventilatórios adequados, interfaces ideais a cada paciente e depende também da VNI determinada para cada tratamento. Todos esses tópicos serão discutidos e relatadas quais são as formas de VNI disponíveis no mercado...

Demographic, etiological, and histological pulmonary analysis of patients with acute respiratory failure: a study of 19 years of autopsies

Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert, Aline D.; Canzian, Mauro; Parra, Edwin R.; Farhat, Cecília; Capelozzi, Vera L.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory failure has been one of the most important causes of death in intensive care units, and certain aspects of its pulmonary pathology are currently unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the demographic data, etiology, and pulmonary histopathological findings of different diseases in the autopsies of patients with acute respiratory failure. METHOD: Autopsies of 4,710 patients with acute respiratory failure from 1990 to 2008 were reviewed, and the following data were obtained: age, sex, and major associated diseases. The pulmonary histopathology was categorized as diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage, and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of the concordance between the major associated diseases and specific autopsy findings was calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 33.9% of the cases and cancer in 28.1%. The pulmonary histopathology showed diffuse alveolar damage in 40.7% (1,917) of the cases. A multivariate analysis showed a significant and powerful association between diffuse alveolar damage and bronchopneumonia, HIV/AIDS, sepsis, and septic shock, between liver cirrhosis and pulmonary embolism...

Postmortem diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute respiratory failure: demographics, etiologic and pulmonary histologic analysis

Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Ruppert, Aline D.; Canzian, Mauro; Capelozzi, Vera L.; Serrano, Jr., Carlos V.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.28%
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is present in 5% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and is responsible for 20% to 30% of the fatal post-acute myocardial infarction. The role of inflammation associated with pulmonary edema as a cause of acute respiratory failure post-acute myocardial infarction remains to be determined. We aimed to describe the demographics, etiologic data and histological pulmonary findings obtained through autopsies of patients who died during the period from 1990 to 2008 due to acute respiratory failure with no diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction during life. METHODS: This study considers 4,223 autopsies of patients who died of acute respiratory failure that was not preceded by any particular diagnosis while they were alive. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was given in 218 (4.63%) patients. The age, sex and major associated diseases were recorded for each patient. Pulmonary histopathology was categorized as follows: diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage and lymphoplasmacytic interstitial pneumonia. The odds ratio of acute myocardial infarction associated with specific histopathology was determined by logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 147 men were included in the study. The mean age at the time of death was 64 years. Pulmonary histopathology revealed pulmonary edema as well as the presence of diffuse alveolar damage in 72.9% of patients. Bacterial bronchopneumonia was present in 11.9% of patients...

Correlação entre achados de biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica e de autópsia e dados clínicos em pacientes com infiltrados pulmonares difusos e insuficiência respiratória aguda; Correlation between surgical lung biopsy and autopsy findings and clinical data in patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and acute respiratory failure

Canzian, Mauro; Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Taga, Marcel Frederico de Lima; Barbas, Carmen Silvia Valente; Capelozzi, Vera Luiza
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
INTRODUÇÃO: A biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica é um procedimento invasivo executado quando outros procedimentos não forneceram um diagnóstico urgente e específico; no entanto, pode haver relutância em sua execução em pacientes críticos, que apresentam infiltrados pulmonares difusos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a acurácia diagnóstica, mudanças na terapêutica e a sobrevida de pacientes com infiltrado pulmonar difuso, em sua maior parte apresentando a insuficiência respiratória aguda, submetidos a biópsia cirúrgica. MÉTODO: Foram examinados retrospectivamente registros médicos e biópsias pulmonares cirúrgicas de 63 pacientes maiores de 18 anos de idade, com infiltrados difusos, entre 1982 a 2003. Os diagnósticos clínicos foram comparados aos histopatológicos, de biópsias e de autópsias. Dados laboratoriais e epidemiológicos foram avaliados e sua correlação com a sobrevida hospitalar analisada. RESULTADOS: Todos os espécimes histológicos exibiram alterações, em sua maior parte de natureza benigna/inflamatória. Em quinze casos o fator etiológico pôde ser determinado na biópsia, sendo o Mycobacterium tuberculosis o mais freqüente. O diagnóstico pré-operatório foi mudado em 37 pacientes. Autópsias foram realizadas em 25 pacientes e confirmaram resultados da biópsia em 72%. A terapêutica foi alterada em 65% dos pacientes com base nos resultados da biópsia. Quarenta e nove por cento dos pacientes sobreviveram ao final do período de hospitalização. Características que diferiram significativamente entre sobreviventes versus não sobreviventes incluíram sexo (p=0.05)...

Guidelines for specialized nutritional and metabolic support in the critically-ill patient: Update. Consensus SEMICYUC-SENPE: Respiratory failure

Grau Carmona,T.; López Martínez,J.; Vila García,B.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.16%
Severe acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation is one of the most frequent reasons for admission to the intensive care unit. Among the most frequent causes for admission are exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory failure with acute lung injury (ALI) or with criteria of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). These patients have a high risk of malnutrition due to the underlying disease, their altered catabolism and the use of mechanical ventilation. Consequently, nutritional evaluation and the use of specialized nutritional support are required. This support should alleviate the catabolic effects of the disease, avoid calorie overload and, in selected patients, to use omega-3 fatty acid and antioxidant-enriched diets, which could improve outcome.