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Militância de jovens em partidos políticos: um estudo de caso com universitários; Youth activism in political parties: a case study with university students.

Brenner, Ana Karina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/06/2011 PT
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37.3%
Essa tese se insere no emergente campo dos estudos sobre a juventude no Brasil. Seu problema de investigação está orientado para a busca de compreensão sobre a experiência de jovens militantes de partidos políticos. Encontram-se em transformação as formas e modos de agir político; novos grupos e demandas políticas engendram maneiras alternativas de mobilização em relação ao que ocorre em espaços tradicionais de engajamento, tais como partidos, sindicatos, etc. Contudo, os partidos continuam arregimentando jovens para seus quadros. Em linhas gerais, investigou-se as experiências militantes, os caminhos percorridos até o engajamento em um partido, as práticas dos jovens nos partidos e sua relação com o tempo. Buscou-se compreender, ainda, a maneira como as experiências partidárias incidem sobre os demais aspectos da vida desses jovens. O estudo foi desenvolvido adotando a perspectiva de investigação qualitativa baseada na realização de entrevistas individuais com jovens universitários que revelaram, através de um questionário inicial, seu engajamento em partidos políticos. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 21 jovens, sendo 10 deles entrevistados em uma segunda etapa, cerca de um ano depois da realização da primeira entrevista. Os jovens estavam engajados em 5 diferentes partidos...

Jurisdição constitucional e ativismo judiciário: análise comparativa entre a atuação do Supremo Tribunal Federal Brasileiro e a Suprema Corte estadunidense; Constitutional jurisdiction and judicial activism: a comparative of the Brazilian Supreme Federal Tribunal and the American Supreme Court.

Mazotti, Marcelo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
O ativismo judicial é um fenômeno complexo estudado no Brasil e nos Estados Unidos, geralmente designado como a interferência dos Tribunais nas políticas públicas. Este fenômeno, aparentemente se contradiz com a separação dos poderes e a vontade legislativa democrática expressa em suas Constituições e leis. A presente dissertação visa comparar como o ativismo judicial se manifesta no Supremo Tribunal Federal brasileiro e na Suprema Corte estadunidense, avaliando suas diferenças e semelhanças. O poder de controle de constitucionalidade, realizado sobre cláusulas constitucionais abertas, permitiu que ambas as Cortes proferissem decisões de natureza política em inúmeras oportunidades, sendo difícil (ou até mesmo impossível) asseverar se elas se distanciaram da correta interpretação da Constituição, haja vista seus preceitos flexíveis e abstratos. Os presentes juízes da Suprema Corte têm atuado com autocontenção nas últimas décadas, diminuindo os impulsos ativistas atribuídos às Cortes de Warren e Burger. Ao contrário do Brasil, onde a Constituição de 1988 e as leis recentes aumentaram significativamente o poder do Supremo Tribunal Federal, e seus membros tem utilizado-os sem hesitação.; Judicial activism is a complex phenomenon studied both in Brazil and in the United States of America...

Poder judiciário, ativismo judicial e democracia; Judiciary, judicial activism and democracy

Ferreira, Eber de Meira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2014 PT
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37.13%
O princípio da separação de poderes sofreu alterações fundamentais ao longo dos mais de três séculos desde sua consagração. Dentre as alterações na balança dos poderes, destaca-se a evolução do Poder Judiciário, com o alargamento de suas funções e aumento de sua importância se comparado em face da concepção clássica. No contexto brasileiro pós Constituição de 1988, dois fatores têm se mostrado fundamentais ao avanço do Poder Judiciário a uma posição de destaque no cenário político e constitucional: o desenvolvimento sistema de controle de constitucionalidade aliado às características das normas do texto constitucional, aliados a outros fatores, permitindo o seu avanço ao campo do chamado ativismo judicial. Dentro desta abordagem, o presente estudo busca apontar as implicações desta nova forma de atuação do Poder Judiciário denominada de ativismo judicial em face da democracia, analisando os principais pontos de tensão e críticas surgidas de seu confronto; The principle of separation of powers has undergone fundamental changes over the last three centuries since its establishment. Among the changes in the balance of powers, there is the evolution of the judiciary, with the enlargement of its functions and increase its importance compared in view of the classical conception of the separation of powers principle. In the Brazilian context after the 1988 Constitution...

Not quite women : lesbian activism in Portugal

Brandão, Ana Maria
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /03/2009 ENG
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Lesbian activism is a recent phenomenon in Portugal. Due to the country’s specific development pattern, lesbian organisations only began to emerge during the 1990’s, usually as subsidiary of major lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual organisations. They have, nevertheless, roots in past attempts of consciousness-raising led by some women networks. Lesbian activists appear to be very critical of the extent and scope of women’s and lesbians’ social mobilisation abilities in the context of the Portuguese society, and consequently of its actual outcomes in terms of women’s empowerment. As for women themselves, involvement in political activism is seen alternatively as a dangerous or as an unnecessary and personally awkward exposure. Adhesion to lesbian organisations, as well as the very formation of lesbian networks seems to be particularly dependent on opportunity structures – namely State policies, juridical frames, and class origin –, as much as on dominant and class-specific representations of lesbianism. Furthermore, Portuguese feminism, with few exceptions, seems to have always opposed itself to any kind of alliance with lesbianism and to the admission of formal lesbian networks within feminist organisations. Altogether...

Shareholder activism worldwide: Evidence from voting

Sá, Nuno Quartin Bastos de Vasconcellos e
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /06/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Finance from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; Voting is one of the ways shareholders have to exercise governance. Using 19 countries, through a period of five years, we examine whether institutional investors promote better governance. We analyze if their presence in companies is linked with higher levels of shareholder activism, through voting. We find that companies with more institutional investors are subject to more votes “against” at Annual General Meetings, therefore implying that institutions promote better governance practices. Moreover, we find that foreign investors are the ones who drive higher levels of activism. Around the world, companies located in countries with less shareholder protective legal frameworks are the ones subject to higher scrutiny from shareholders.

Participation for What? A Policy-Motivated Approach to Political Activism

Platt, Matthew B.
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Normatively and intuitively, we conceive of political participation as an integral component of democratic policymaking. However, research on participation generally does not include policy considerations as part of individuals’ decisions to engage in activism. I offer an opportunity model of participation that begins to study how policy goals shape individual participation and how aggregate participation shapes policymaking. The central argument is that individuals’ policy goals allow them to recognize those moments when it is most efficient and/or effective to take action. Examining black participation from 1980 to 1994, I show that black Americans are more likely to participate when they face external threats, are embedded in social networks, and have greater access to policymakers. Most importantly, the recognition of these opportunities varies according to individuals’ resources. This research moves beyond the discussion of who participates to address the equally fundamental question: participation for what?; Government

Activism and Music in Poland, 1978-1989

Bohlman, Andrea Florence
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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This dissertation presents a historical study of intersections between music and activism in Poland from the election of Cardinal Karol Wojtyła as Pope John Paul II in 1978 to Poland’s first democratic elections in 1989. Musical action in three cultural spheres shapes the project: (1) the political activism of musicians, (2) activists who turn to music as a political instrument, and (3) the musical ambitions of the communist authorities, the Polish United Workers’ Party. I critique the repercussions of politics in music as well as music’s significance for policy makers and dissidents, and I assume that neither course of influence is intrinsic or inevitable under state socialism. In doing so, I highlight the complex relationship between activist culture and music at the end of the Cold War. Throughout the decade, religious hymns, patriotic anthems, experimental music, and popular songs shared spaces in Polish society, projected analogous ambitions, reflected communal responses, and partook in debates about culture’s capacity to effect political action. The plurality of musical genres and music histories during the Cold War reflects the political tensions in the Polish opposition to state socialism. The diverse materials I investigate in this dissertation respond both to the tumultuous politics of the 1980s and to the ethnographic...

O ativismo ambiental nas ações e instalações de Siron Franci, 1986-2008: A arte como estratégia de divulgação; Environmental Activism in actions and installations by Siron Franco, 1986-2008: Art as broadcasting strategy

BERTAZZO, Lucia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Cultura Visual; Processos e Sistemas Visuais, Educação e Visualidade Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Cultura Visual; Processos e Sistemas Visuais, Educação e Visualidade
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Siron Franco is an artist who has, in a parallel with his pictorial work, always produced pieces that denounced social grievances and pieces of political nature which, placed in public settings, aimed at inducing the media to broadcast protests. The artist has for very long championed the environmental cause, what has led him to produce a series of pieces on the theme: paintings, demonstrations, stickers, installations, video-sculptures. This dissertation sets out to review the historical moment in which these pieces come out and presents them as postmodern art work produced in line with environmental activism. This research intends to analyze the insertion of artistic protests which have the environment as a cause, into the press and in contemporary art production; Siron Franco é um artista que, paralelamente ao seu trabalho pictórico, produz obras que denunciam problemas sociais e obras de cunho político. Colocadas em locais públicos, têm o objetivo de induzir os meios de comunicação a veicular protestos. O artista assumiu desde sempre a causa ambiental, o que o levou a produzir uma série de obras, pinturas, passeatas, adesivos, instalações, vídeoescultura que abordam o tema. O presente trabalho visa rever o momento histórico em que as ações e instalações de Siron Franco (1986-2008) se inserem e as apresenta como produções de arte desenvolvidas junto com o ativismo ambiental. A pesquisa pretende analisar a inserção dos seus protestos artísticos...

What’s fat activism?

Cooper, Charlotte Rachel Mary
Fonte: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick Publicador: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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non-peer-reviewed; In 21st century Western culture, obesity is such a maligned state of being that the notion of fat activism is unthinkable to most people. "Fat" and "activist" are not words that sit together well in the popular imagination. The idea of activism suggests a dynamic engagement with public life that could not be further from couch potato stereotypes associated with fat people, or popular paradigms which typify "the obese" as innately unwholesome, passive recipients of pity and intervention.

The Effectiveness of Outdoor Education on Environmental Learning, Appreciation, and Activism

Okaty, Jessica
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The main objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of outdoor education on student knowledge retention, appreciation for nature, and environmental activism in a college level course on south Florida ecology. Six class sections were given quizzes on four course topics either post-lecture or post-field trip. Students were also given pre-course and post-course opinion surveys. Although mean quiz scores for the post-field trip were higher than for the post-lecture, statistical analysis determined that there was no significant difference in quiz scores for location taken (post-lecture or post-field trip). Survey results show a correlation between knowledge of environmental issues and environmental activism. Even though student survey responses point to outdoor education and field trips being the most effective method of learning and influential on appreciation for nature, the quiz scores do not reflect such.

Transnational energy projects and green politics in Thailand and Burma : a critical approach to activism and security.

Simpson, Adam John
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
Most studies in environmental politics have traditionally examined three broad areas: the degradation of the environment; the regulatory regimes governing the environment; or environmental activism within the affluent North. This thesis provides an alternative perspective, exploring environmental activism in the less affluent South. In particular, while human rights and social justice perspectives have historically been largely absent from many environmental movements of the North, this thesis argues that, due to precarious living conditions and authoritarian governance, these issues are of primary importance for environmentalists in the South. As a result this thesis contends that most environmental movements in the South are part of a growing global justice movement and that important cultural diversities within this movement can result in novel forms of resistance and environmental governance. The focus here is on the emancipatory actors within these movements in the South who challenge existing power structures within society. Likewise, by adopting a critical perspective, this thesis argues that large business interests pursue energy projects in the South in the name of energy security and large scale industrial development that are often inappropriate for local development and security needs. To test these hypotheses...

Judicialización de la política y activismo judicial : ¿de qué estamos hablando?; Political judicialization and political activism : what are we talking about?

Feoli Villalobos, Marco
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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36.97%
Hay cosas que hacen los jueces que están impactando la esfera política, la esfera de quienes representan a los otros órganos estatales. Durante mucho tiempo se aceptó que los jueces tenían un ámbito de acción distinto al de las otras instituciones públicas; sin embargo en los últimos años esto se ha ido modificando. Se asiste a un progresivo desmantelamiento de aquella idea, hoy la visión del juez “boca de la ley”, aplicador mecánico de normas, se aleja de las funciones que está desempeñando. Este alejamiento ha contribuido a que se hayan ido instalando conceptos como judicialización de la política o activismo judicial. Sobre sus alcances y la diferencia entre ellos trata el siguiente artículo; There are things that the judges do that impact on the political sphere, the sphere of those who represent the other state bodies. It has long been accepted that the judges had a different field of proceeding from the other public institutions, but this situation has been changing in the recent years. Indeed, we are witness the persistent dismantling of the idea that the judge is “the mouth of the law”, a mere applicator of rules, and this fact has contributed to an internalization of concepts like judicialization of politics or judicial activism. Its scope and the differences between them is the following paper about; 1. INTRODUCCIÓN. 2. LA RUPTURA DE UN MODELO DE MAGISTRATURA. 2.1. Dos paradigmas de juez. 2.2. El punto de inflexión y algunas variables explicativas. 3. JUDICIALIZACIÓN DE LA POLÍTICA: NUEVAS FORMAS DE CONTROL. 4. ACTIVISMO JUDICIAL: UN CONCEPTO RADIAL. 5. LA RELACIÓN ENTRE JUDICIALIZACIÓN DE LA POLÍTICA Y EL ACTIVISMO JUDICIAL. 6. CONCLUSIÓN

NGO communication and activism via electronic media: Australian evidence

Tilt, C.; Davidson, R.; Tilling, M.
Fonte: Australian and New Zealand Third Sector Research Inc. Publicador: Australian and New Zealand Third Sector Research Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
Non-government organisations (NGOs) communicate their ideas and views in a variety of ways, but electronic means are becoming more pervasive. Most NGOs have a website and many provide free information through subscriptions to electronically mailed newsletters and updates. Communication between NGOs and corporate entities, in particular, is an area that has not been investigated to a large extent, even though research on companies' social and environmental record has regularly referred to the influence of NGOs on corporate reporting practices. The purpose of this study is, therefore, twofold. It examines the Australian websites of eight large NGOs and provides an assessment of each site based on an evaluative framework. It then provides a more in-depth investigation into one of those elements: action or activism. In particular, the paper considers if and how NGOs engage in activism directed at companies or corporate entities via their webpages and through email. The results show that the websites of the sample NGOs are generally of good quality aesthetically, and provide relevant information on issues and campaigns. They do use their websites for activist purposes, but most commonly information on websites for activist purposes, but most commonly information on websites that refers to companies concerns relationships and partnerships...

Politicising Queer Issues and Activism: Disciplinarity, Biopolitics and the Means by which Activist Issues Enter the Public Sphere

Cover, R.
Fonte: Reconstruction Publicador: Reconstruction
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
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This paper explores ways of understanding how an activist 'issue' is politicised by examining and analysing lesbian/gay and queer community politics. The paper focuses on the contrast between (1) the wyas in which queer political activism has taken up and politicised the issue of same-sex marriage rights as one of seeking equality and foregrounded as the queer issue of the 2000s; and (2) the issue of queer youth suicide and self-harm which is arguably one of the most under-represented yet ethically most urgent issues within GLBT discourse carrying greater risk and impact on the most marginal and least visible of groups that might ordinarily fall under the banner of queer representation. Why some issues and not others are offered by activist organisations for public sphere consideration, legislative change, executive intervention, and research and community funding is examined through two framework: (1) the shifts and developments in the hsitory of queer political activism over the past forty years; and (2) by working these concerns through an understanding of community activist organisations as disciplinary institutions that work variously alongside or in contrast to broader state, social and national governance systems that deploy biopolitical regulation. For the latter...

Activism, analysis, agency : Paper presented to the ‘Beyond activism?’ panel of the ‘Beyond the Neo-con men: alternatives after Howard’ conference ...

Fieldes, Diane; Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.4%
At the core of social movements are distinctive collective behaviours—direct action such as demonstrations, meetings, strikes, marches, picket lines—that repeatedly mobilise large numbers of people in efforts to change the world. Radicals, as opposed to liberals, regard the activism of these kinds of struggles as crucial for fundamental social change, which can only come from below. The capitalist state is the main obstacle to the ultimate success of challenges to exploitation as well as racial, gender and other oppressions, all grounded in class relations. Marxists identify the working class as the only social agent with the capacity to destroy that obstacle. They seek to link social movements that challenge aspects of the capitalist order with each other and particularly with the workers’ movement. This project requires a kind of organisation distinct from movements and also from parties and associations whose focus is on conventional politics. Such a party of activists, whose purpose is to intervene in and build social struggles does not currently exist in Australia, but steps towards building it can be taken today.; Paper presented to the ‘Beyond activism?’ panel of the ‘Beyond the Neo-con men: alternatives after Howard’ conference. UTS Social Inquiry and the Research Initiative on International Activism...

Fat activism: a queer autoethnography

Cooper, Charlotte Rachel Mary
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.47%
peer-reviewed; Over my 20 year involvement with the movement, I have come to notice that scant attention is paid to fat activism. Despite intensified interest in fat in 21st century Western culture, the richness of fat activism is not reflected in a somewhat meagre literature, and fat activists themselves have offered few reflective or analytic accounts that deal with the depth and breadth of what they do. Fat activism offers tools with which marginalised people can adapt and develop agency, community and capital, and contribute to social change. It has the potential to transform obesity policy from that which further entrenches fat people's abjection expensively, to that which builds on resources more compassionately and dynamically. This research project, therefore, represents one such attempt to hasten its development and overturn the trend in which fat activism is routinely assumed, taken for granted, and dismissed by activists, researchers, and institutions. I begin by situating the research within the existing literature and go on to clarify what fat activism is, to relate it to discourse, and to build on existing theoretical work. I argue against creating universal definitions of fat activism, and invite appreciation for its more ambiguous forms. I produce an assemblage of fat feminist origins and travels...

Troubling Dominant Discourses: Developing A Framework Of Subversion And Applying It To Autonomous Activism

James, Julieanne C.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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My dissertation conducts a conceptual investigation into Judith Butler’s (1990/1999,1993) theory of performativity and Julia Kristeva’s (1982) theorizing on the abject. I use the concepts gleaned from my theoretical exploration to construct an analytical framework that offers ways of explaining the subversion of dominant discourses in the context of autonomous activism. The purpose of this endeavour is to develop a framework for how activist practices can be both more fully autonomous from – and more effectively subversive to – dominant discourses. I apply my framework to the autonomous elements within the Idle No More Movement in order to elucidate the subversive potential of this type of activism for subverting dominant discourses and how it can be strengthened. This application does not seek to define or analyze the movement itself, but rather to offer an explanation for the repression of autonomous-based activism within mainstream Canada. Overall, I find that activism within Western society is caught up in a discursive struggle whereby the suppression of social movements is enacted, in part, through a multitude of abjection processes that are executed through such practices as social interactions, psychological mechanisms...

Women-In-Action’s Brand of Biracial Activism: The Politics of Race, Gender, and Class in 1960s-1970s Durham

Miller, Catherine
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 24/10/2012 EN_US
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In the popular narrative of the civil rights movement in the United States, the role of women often becomes minimized or overlooked altogether; yet women played a critical part in engaging racial issues in their communities throughout the movement. This essay seeks to illuminate women’s contributions to the civil rights narrative in Durham, North Carolina, through the lens of the biracial organization Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes. The majority of the research comes from the organization’s chapter records—personal correspondences, newspaper clippings, press releases, and other primary documents. Based on these and other sources’ accounts of the activities and demographics of Women-In-Action, this essay explores the complex interplay between race, gender, and class in civil-rights-era Durham. Although the group successfully forged a biracial alliance based on shared notions of womanhood and social activism, the class line ultimately proved more difficult to cross. The organization contributed in meaningful ways to easing racial tensions in Durham, yet their inability to foster true cross-class unity prevented deep engagement with issues of Durham’s lower class and came to define their particular brand of civil rights activism.; Winner of the 2012 Middlesworth Award; Finalist for the 2012 Durden Prize

Harnessing Hope Through NGO Activism

Courville, Sasha; Piper, Nicola
Fonte: American Academy of Political and Social Science Publicador: American Academy of Political and Social Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This article explores the relationship between hope and agency in the contexts of migrant rights activism and alternative trading relationships created through social and environmental certification systems. Using interviews with key respondents from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), hope is assigned a positive role in the complex process of social change, providing that common goals can be agreed upon and achieved along the way. Two main layers of analysis emerge in this article. The first explores the relationship between hope and agency, with a particular focus on power, both enabling and coercive. Powerful groups can hijack hope, but also hope can be used to mobilize various marginalized groups to find a collective voice, eventually leading to empowerment. The power relations among groups determine how competing collective hopes play out in action. A second layer to the relationship between hope and action is the way in which hope effects social change. Through conceptualizing hope within the context of the change process, we address the relationship between hope, agency, and time. An important ingredient linking hope, agency, and time in a sustainable manner is the notion of empowerment.

Women, Identity and Activism in Asian and Pacific Community Economies

Gibson, Katherine
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Katherine Gibson argues that as an antidote to capitalist globalization it is necessary to identify the full range of economic identities that people occupy and the multiple directions that local economic transformation might take. She suggests that an economic politics of place can build upon the distinctiveness of the diverse economies that inhabit specific economic landscapes. Using the lens of a diverse economy, she elaborates what community economy activism might be and introduces three stories of women's role in building and strengthening non-capitalist community economies in place.