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Lifelong learning, intergenerational relationships and ICT: perceptions of children and older adults

Patrício, Maria Raquel; Osório, António
Fonte: ELOA Publicador: ELOA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.47%
Ageing population is one of the topics that have attracted the attention of several countries in the interest of social cohesion, economic growth and financial sustainability. Promoting active ageing population is one of the strategies adopted by different countries to avoid early retirement and to encourage older workers to remain longer in the labour market, to remain healthy, active and independent, as long as possible. Active ageing requires the involvement of older adults in a increasingly global, technological and digital contemporary society. This participation presents challenges for education and lifelong learning, especially to older people who did not acquire digital skills during their previous education and training. This is a group that, as a consequence, might suffer from a high risk of exclusion of the benefits of the Information and Knowledge Society. Active ageing, generational relations, coexistence and solidarity between generations are topics on the developed countries agenda. Therefore, active ageing and intergenerational solidarity are two complementary subjects in favour of a common challenge, in which education and learning play an important role. This paper seeks to find out and to understand how children and older adults think of lifelong learning and generational solidarity...

Envelhecimento ativo e saúde num estudo de caso com idosos imigrantes

Bäckström, Bárbara
Fonte: Revista Migrações Publicador: Revista Migrações
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Este artigo resulta de um estudo em que se pretendeu entender a relação entre condições socioeconómicas, saúde e envelhecimento ativo. Identificaram-se as atividades relacionadas com o envelhecimento ativo, a relação com a saúde, as estratégias utilizadas e os seus determinantes. Optámos por uma metodologia qualitativa baseada em entrevistas semiestruturadas e os dados recolhidos foram tratados através de uma análise de conteúdo temática. Analisámos dois grupos socioeconómicos de idosos cabo-verdianos, num total de 22 entrevistados, de ambos os sexos. O grupo socioeconómico interfere diretamente nas questões do envelhecimento ativo. Evidencia-se que na categoria social mais elevada a condição socioeconómica determina o envelhecimento ativo mais do que as questões de saúde. No grupo de condições socioeconómicas mais baixas, a condição socioeconómica atua a par das condições de saúde e ambas determinam as atividades que os idosos desenvolvem.; This article results from a study that seeks to understand the relationship between socio-economic conditions, health and active ageing. We identified the activities related to active ageing in relation to health, the strategies used in active ageing and their determinants. We chose a qualitative methodology based on semi--structured interviews and the data was processed through a thematic content analysis. Two socioeconomic groups of elderly Cape Verdean...

Ageing, Poverty and Social Services in Portugal: The Importance of Quality Services

Paoletti, I; de Carvalho, MI
Fonte: Indian Journal of Gerontology Publicador: Indian Journal of Gerontology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
The article explores the social and financial importance of assuring quality social services to the elderly in Portugal who are experiencing poverty. It discusses the policy intervention of the European Union (EU) in Portugal which aims to combat poverty and social exclusion among the elderly. It cites the positive effects of institutional interventions which can promote active ageing and participation in social life. It also discusses the role of social services in promoting active ageing.

Qualidade de vida e atividade : um estudo em idosos de Vil Nova de Cerveira

Fernandes, Marco António Gil
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /07/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Num tempo em que a população europeia, e a portuguesa em particular, está a envelhecer muito, é pertinente refletir sobre esse facto. O corrente ano foi proclamado Ano Europeu do Envelhecimento Ativo e da Solidariedade Entre Gerações. Pensando sobre o envelhecimento da população, fizemos uma análise sobre o trabalho existente sobre esta temática ao nível da Psicologia, enquadrando o nosso trabalho na perspetiva da Psicologia Desenvolvimental do Ciclo de Vida, desenvolvida por Paul Baltes e colaboradores. Esta defende que o desenvolvimento se estende a todo o ciclo de vida e que o indivíduo tem um papel ativo no seu processo de envelhecimento. Objetivos: Partindo destes pressupostos teóricos quisemos avaliar a qualidade de vida percebida por idosos do concelho de Vila Nova de Cerveira, nosso local de residência e trabalho. Mais concretamente, procurámos perceber se o grau de atividade influencia de facto a qualidade de vida percebida pelos idosos. Metodologia: Para efetuar o estudo apresentado neste trabalho constituímos uma amostra repartida em três grupos, com diferentes perfis de atividade: um mais ativo (alunos da Unisénior de V. N. de Cerveira), um intermédio (residentes em ambiente rural sem atividade/participação social) e um menos ativos (utentes do Serviço de Apoio Domiciliário do Centro Social Paroquial de Gondarém). Aos três grupos foi administrado o Instrumento de Avaliação de Qualidade de Vida (IAQdV)...

Community health intervention project active ageing-ripen into health

Banza, Maria; José, Helena
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem – Mestrado Académico Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem – Mestrado Académico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
ABSTRACT Objective: to implement the intervention project: Active Ageing – Ripen into Health, based upon a partnership of the Unidade de Cuidados na Comunidade (UCC) / Universidade Sénior. Method: methodology of the project, based on the ®Work Breakdown Structure. Documentary research was used. The data collection was carried out with the target population and stakeholders. The target population was constituted by the 23 students signed in the project. Two questionnaires were applied to them (The Method of Biopsychosocial Evaluation, from the Portuguese National Network for Integrated Continuous Care - Rede Nacional de Cuidados Continuados Integrados (RNCCI) and another one with the purpose to identify the suitable education needs for health); a questionnaire was made to the stakeholders (Identification of the suitable education needs for health) as well an interview was performed. The collected data have been subjected to statistical treatment and content analysis. Results: the analysis of the results obtained, allowed to structure an Intervention Programme based upon the National (Portugal) guidelines for the health of elderly people, suitable for the targeted, the available resources as well our purposes and final objective. Conclusion: The objectives were reached: the partnership proposed was implemented and the Intervention Programme is being carried out. The project promoted the reflexion and the work of the multidisciplinary and inter-sectoral team in the community; at the same time...

Modos de envelhercer : trajectórias de vida activa, qualidade de vida e práticas mediáticas

Mendes, Rita Mendes dos Reis
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 29/09/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
O objectivo central desta tese é conhecer a influência das práticas mediáticas nos modos de envelhecer e na qualidade de vida. Partiu-se do conceito central de Envelhecimento Activo (OMS, 2002), segundo o qual devemos promover as oportunidades que possam melhorar a qualidade de vida durante o envelhecimento. A teoria das Práticas de Media (Couldry, 2003) permitiu compreender melhor o modo como os media, e em especial os «novos» media, se articulam com as práticas diárias dos mais velhos, contribuindo para a produção de um sentido para o seu quotidiano. A minha tese é a de que as trajectórias de vida activa, a qualidade de vida nas suas várias dimensões e as práticas mediáticas contribuem para diferentes modos de envelhecer. A pesquisa empírica foi desenvolvida através de entrevistas biográficas a 4 homens e 8 mulheres, com idades compreendidas entre os 78 e os 91 anos, com diferentes graus de escolaridade e provenientes de diferentes meios (rural e urbano) e classes sociais. Os entrevistados residiam em contextos de institucionalização distintos (em modalidade de lar ou de centro de dia) em duas residências na área metrolopitana de Lisboa, que tiveram maior ou menor contacto e utilização das novas tecnologias. Esta escolha justifica-se por se partir da hipótese de que diferentes contextos...

O cinema como ferramenta andragógica para a terceira idade: o Projeto CINAGE

Chinita, Fátima; Janicas, Bárbara
Fonte: Edições Cineclube de Avanca Publicador: Edições Cineclube de Avanca
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
The demographics of the early 21st century in Europe point to a notorious ageing of the population of most countries. Consequently, elderly people tend to be considered a social burden for the national healthcare and social security systems and their desire to participate actively in the civic and cultural activities of their countries is ignored. The first response to demographic ageing should therefore be a change in mentalities, which is what the area of gerontology is all about. It was in this context that the European Project CINAGE - European Cinema for Active Ageing was created. It is a transnational project, promoted by Portugal, and partnered by UK, Italy and Slovenia, oriented for the creation of a cinema course for elders and directly supported by filmic tools, within an andragogical self-reflexive approach. The modules of this course will be created on the basis of European cinematic examples and the input of focus groups consisting of experts in andragogy, active ageing, cinema and elders. In the end, twelve short films will be produced by senior members of the CINAGE course. We aim to present the project CINAGE in all its characteristics and thus reveal a way in which cinema can positively contribute to a more active ageing and the maintenance of mental health in later stages of life. It is relevant to consider what films Europe has been lately producing on this subject. We will use some of them to explain and corroborate our point of view and the project itself.

Are social representations of positive ageing really effective? the ageing process through the eyes of elderly

Soares, Célia; Marques, António Manuel; Gomes da Silva, Madalena; Cerqueira, Andreia; Bonança, Íris; Arguello, Patricia
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
In this paper we focused on the experiences of ageing from the perspective of elderly people. Our main aims were to explore their perceptions and representations about the ageing experience and to analyse if their conceptions are closer to positive social representations of active ageing or to ageist social assumptions. Thirty-five females (mean age of 80 years) and seven males (mean age of 73 years) participated in this study, recruited in a network of institutions run by the city council of Setubal. Data collection was conducted with structured interviews and the obtained transcriptions were submitted to qualitative thematic analysis. With this analytic approach it was possible to identify dominant themes in participants discourses. Results show that elderly perceive and represent the process of ageing according to a binary perspective, displaying both positive and negative dimensions. Even if the ageing experience is described according to a positive perspective, it is also anchored on ageist social constructions. Thus the positive social representations of ageing expressed through active ageing discourses are still not fully assimilated and integrated on people s self-perceptions and identities.

Universidades Seniores : a qualidade de vida e o envelhecimento ativo nas universidades seniores do distrito de Portalegre

Pires, Filipe Miguel Pereira
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
A escolha deste tema está diretamente ligado com a minha prática e experiência profissional, visto já há alguns anos trabalhar com este tipo de instituições. Deste modo, a presente investigação procura levar-me a refletir acerca da importância que as Universidades Seniores têm na vida dos seus alunos, e por consequente na sua qualidade de vida e envelhecimento ativo. Assim sendo, este trabalho foi dividido em três partes: Numa primeira parte, denominada “Enquadramento teórico”, foram revistas algumas conceptualizações teóricas acerca da terceira idade e envelhecimento, aprofundando os conceitos de envelhecimento ativo e qualidade de vida. Na segunda parte, designada por “As Universidades Seniores ou da Terceira Idade”, procurou-se fazer uma incursão histórica acerca destas instituições, bem como o seu modo de funcionamento e as respostas socioeducativas que possuem. Numa última parte desta investigação, apresenta-se um estudo empírico, que busca compreender a relação e impacto que as Universidades Seniores têm na vida dos seus alunos, bem como o contributo para um envelhecimento e estilo de vida ativo. Apresento no final uma proposta de intervenção que visa unir esforços das Universidades Seniores do distrito de Portalegre...

Políticas locais para o envelhecimento activo: um estudo no concelho da Sertã

Alcobia, Liliana Margarida Serra
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas Publicador: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 02/05/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Política Social; A melhoria das condições de saúde e socioeconómicas, aliada aos progressos da tecnologia, contribuem para o aumento da longevidade da população. Paralelamente ao aumento da população idosa, o desequilíbrio entre homens e mulheres acentua-se devido ao forte aumento da longevidade feminina em relação à masculina. Se o envelhecimento da população é uma preocupação, não menos preocupante é o desafio que as sociedades têm: permitir que as pessoas vivam mais tempo, mas também que envelheçam com qualidade de vida e de forma activa. Devem-se assim unir esforços, colectivos e individuais, no sentido de promover o envelhecimento activo. Neste sentido, é importante perceber quais as políticas sociais para o envelhecimento activo adoptadas, no panorama Europeu, em Portugal, e concretamente no concelho da Sertã. Para isso, foram realizados questionários, a nível do concelho, às Instituições que prestam apoio social, a alunos da Academia Sénior da Sertã, a utentes de uma resposta social e a cidadãos comuns, de forma a perceber como o envelhecimento activo é vivido. Indo ao encontro das preocupações sobre este tema, o Parlamento Europeu decidiu que 2012 é o Ano Europeu do Envelhecimento Activo...

Active ageing index and quality of life

Nunes, Joana Cruz Ferreira
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Economics from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; Objectives: This work project can be divided into 2 parts. The first one is intended to compute Active Ageing Index (AAI) for 16 European Countries and for Lisbon and the second one to study the association of AAI and Quality of Life (QOL) indicators. It also aims at verifying whether the elements that compose AAI, domains or indicators, are also elements that define one’s Life Satisfaction or Life Happiness. Methods: The computation of the index closely follows the original methodology of AAI. The study of the association of AAI and QOL variables is performed by computing AAI at an individual level and by considering the estimations of consecutive Ordered Probit Models. Results: Sweden, Denmark and Switzerland are the frontrunners at actively ageing, among the sample; while Portugal, Hungary and Poland fare the worst. Lisbon faces a smaller untapped potential to Active Ageing (59,41%) than the whole country (65,91%). Additionally, one can consistently conclude that the overall AAI, and its 1st, 2nd and 4th domains are positively associated with QOL indicators. The 3rd domain- Independent...

Active Ageing in CIS Countries: Semantics, Challenges, and Responses

Sidorenko, Alexandre; Zaidi, Asghar
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Although the CIS countries are connected together by the legacy of breaking away from the Soviet Union, they have had a distinctive transition course and are rather diverse in terms of the population ageing challenges and policy responses in place. The commonality is that a comprehensive national strategy on ageing is lacking, and many of necessary reforms were put aside owing to political uncertainties, lack of societal consensus, and financial instability. The notion of active ageing is associated with the term “accelerated ageing,” which is understood to be an individual living a life under harsh living conditions or a society experiencing rapid increases in the relative number of older persons, and therefore it carries a negative connotation. Yet, in the same spirit as the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations 2012, the CIS countries have initiated sectoral programmes towards enhancing employment of older workers, social participation of older people in the society in a wider sense and also measures promoting health and independent living of older persons.

Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Active Aging through the Lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action

Abdullah, Boushra; Wolbring, Gregor
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia), two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times), a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand) and a US newspaper (The New York Times). The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1) how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2) how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well...

Converging Applications for Active Ageing Policy

COMPANO RAMON; BOCK ANNE-KATRIN; BURGELMAN JEAN-CLAUDE; CABRERA GIRALDEZ MARCELINO; DA COSTA OLIVIER; MATTSSON Pauline; MALANOWSKI Norbert
Fonte: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd Publicador: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
It is widely accepted that, by 2007, the demographic pyramid will be turned upside down in the European Union. Furthermore, people aged 65+ will make up around 28% of the population in the EU in 2050. These developments raise a number of very serious questions for Europeans: - How do we reduce health care costs while maintaining a high quality of life? - How do we keep older Europeans socially networked and integrated? - How do we avoid losing the hidden investment of economic and human capital when active Europeans retire? Two relatively new concepts - Converging Applications; and Active Ageing - could help in finding answers to the above mentioned questions. These two important concepts are seldom examined together. While the policy relevance and challenges of Active Ageing are widely discussed, there appears to be little literature on how technology can contribute to this field, and even less on the contribution of emerging technologies. This apparent information gap motivated the authors to investigate how converging applications, in particular ICT and cognitive sciences, could help ageing Europeans to remain active.; JRC.J.4-Information Society

ICT-based Applications for Active Ageing: Challenges and Opportunities

MALANOWSKI Norbert
Fonte: IOS Press Publicador: IOS Press
Tipo: Articles in books Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
There are several paradigms behind the general aim of extending the average human life expectancy without extending suffering. The most challenging one is "active ageing" put forward by the World Health Organization. The new paradigm of active ageing takes the life-course perspective and different life styles into account when distinguishing between different groups of older people. Active ageing refers in this context to a continuous participation in social, economic, cultural, spiritual and civic affairs, not just the ability to be physically active or part of the labour force. Active ageing views elderly people as active participants in an age-integrated society. An interesting way for advancing research on concepts to match supply and demand can be derived from focusing on promising ICT application fields for age-based innovations. In fields like learning, employment, health, housing and others a lot of ICT-based applications for active ageing can be found. This article argues that ICT for active ageing is a new promising framework to tackle the challenges of ageing societies, to transform them into opportunities and to use as many opportunities of ageing societies as possible.; JRC.J.4-Information Society

Ageing Societies, Information and Communication Technologies and Active Ageing: Introductory Remarks

CABRERA GIRALDEZ Marcelino; MALANOWSKI Norbert
Fonte: IOS Press Publicador: IOS Press
Tipo: Articles in books Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
The aim of this book was, firstly, to summarize the current debate on the key elements of ageing societies, which was done in Section A (Börsch-Supan, Walker, Gilhooly et al., Gassmann/Keupp and Shiraishi). Secondly, the link between ageing societies, Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) and active ageing was discussed by using an application/policy field approach in Section B. As argued throughout this book, ICT-based applications for active ageing is a new and promising framework (Malanowski) for tackling the challenges of ageing societies, transforming them into opportunities and using as many opportunities of ageing societies as possible. This broad framework focuses on the macro-level of (European) politics and also inspires discussion, policy initiatives and coordinated actions on the meso and micro level (Member States and EU regions), thus supporting multi-layered and comprehensive politics (Walker) in the European Union, and in the Member States and the EU regions. Nevertheless, before it can be implemented, further research work and policy enhancement is needed.; JRC.J-Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (Seville)

Active Ageing and ICT for Learning

ALA-MUTKA Kirsti Maria; PUNIE YVES
Fonte: IOS Press Publicador: IOS Press
Tipo: Articles in books Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
The role of learning is changing in ageing societies as the ageing phenomenon causes pressures to improve the quality of life and active participation of older people for promoting active ageing. Learning provides means to improve both the physical and mental health as well as general activity of older people. Research suggests that older people do have learning needs and are interested in learning and active ageing, but opportunities for participating to meaningful learning activities in old age are scarce and the conditions not always right. However, participation to learning communities is not only important for the older people themselves but also for younger generations to access and learn from the knowledge and experiences of older people. ICT can provide new means for creating learning opportunities for older people, both for organized education and for building communities for informal learning and communication. However, ICT tools are new for many older people today and the threshold for taking up new tools for beginning new learning activities may be high. Attention is needed to improve the usability of tools, access to the equipment, and to the types of learning opportunities provided. As the background and motivation of older people may differ from each other as well as from younger generations...

Information and Communication Technologies for Active Ageing: Opportunities and Challenges for the European Union

ALA-MUTKA Kirsti Maria; BURGELMAN Jean claude; COMPANO Ramon; OZCIVELEK R.; PUNIE Yves; VALVERDE ALBACETE Jose'
Fonte: IOS Press Publicador: IOS Press
Tipo: Books Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
The aim of this book is to summarize the current debate on the key elements of ageing societies (Section A) and to link it to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for active ageing (Section B) by using an application/policy field approach as an overall framework. ICT-based applications were chosen as a particular focus since they offer a number of very promising applications for active ageing in policy fields like health, learning, employability and housing. The book also aims to stimulate further scientific discussions in this field. Its key question is how to tackle the challenges and exploit the opportunities offered by ageing societies by using the suggested research approach of ICT for active ageing (ICT4AA). This approach is discussed in detail in Section B. We believe that it is complementary to other concepts for active ageing like healthy nutrition, sports and recreational health.; JRC.J.4-Information Society

Ageing comparative study between diferent cities in Brazil and Portugal: A health analyses, ageing and quality of life

Veran, Patricia; Raimundo, Armando; Gusso, Gustavo
Fonte: Ageing comparative study between diferent cities in Brazil and Portugal: A health analyses, ageing and quality of life Publicador: Ageing comparative study between diferent cities in Brazil and Portugal: A health analyses, ageing and quality of life
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
Introduction The demographic epidemiologic transition is a worldwide phenomenon and it is present both in the developed countries and increasingly in the developing ones. The population estimates in the studied countries show that Portugal is nowadays in the list of the oldest countries in the world and in Brazil the “ageing of the top” will occur up to 2025 occupying the 6th elderly population of the world, in absolute terms. Methods The aim of this study was to analyze comparatively Life Quality between the senior citizens who participate in the Public Physical Activity Programs at Nisa, Portugal (Program Activ Sénior) and Florianópolis, Brazil (Programa Floripa Ativa). A transversal descriptive study was carried out including 258 senior citizens, both genders, from October to December 2011 using the Brazilian and Portuguese versions of the Short Form 36 questionnaire. The statistics tests performed were Student’s t-teste, ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis test and K-S test. Results The global Cronbach’s alpha was 0.72 for the Physical and 0.73 for the Mental Component. Descriptive analysis showed that the subjects' average age was 69,56 years old (PD:+/- 5,74 years) and that most of them were women (84,8%). The best scores for both cities/countries were obtained for the Mental Component: Social Function (83...

Active Ageing: An Empirical Approach to the WHO Model

Paúl, Constança; Ribeiro, Oscar; Teixeira, Laetitia
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
Background. In the beginning of the 21st century, the world summit on population taking place in Madrid approved active ageing, WHO (2002) as the main objective of health and social policies for old people. Few studies have been done on the scientific validity of the construct. This study aims to validate the construct of active ageing and test empirically the WHO (2002) model of Active Ageing in a sample of community-dwelling seniors. Methods. 1322 old people living in the community were interviewed using an extensive assessment protocol to measure WHO's determinants of active ageing and performed an exploratory factor analysis followed by a confirmatory factor analyses. Results. We did not confirm the active ageing model, as most of the groups of determinants are either not independent or not significant. We got to a six-factor model (health, psychological component, cognitive performance, social relationships, biobehavioural component, and personality) explaining 54.6% of total variance. Conclusion. The present paper shows that there are objective as well as subjective variables contributing to active ageing and that psychological variables seem to give a very important contribute to the construct. The profile of active ageing is expected to vary between contexts and cultures and can be used to guide specific community and individually based interventions.