Página 1 dos resultados de 1499 itens digitais encontrados em 0.106 segundos

Equipe atuante no programa saúde da família: conceitos e possibilidades de assistência em saúde mental; Professionals actuating in the Family Health Program: conceptions and possibilities in Mental Health Assistance

Franco, Melissa dos Santos Paschoalato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
Em decorrência da Reforma Psiquiátrica no Brasil, a assistência à pessoa em sofrimento vem apresentando modificações. A assistência que anteriormente era oferecida pelos hospitais psiquiátricos, hoje deve ser realizada por serviços abertos, de modo que as pessoas não sejam afastadas de seu convívio familiar e social, durante o período de tratamento. O Ministério da Saúde tem como diretriz que as ações de saúde mental sejam também realizadas na rede básica de saúde, ou seja, nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde e Unidades do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF), este representando uma importante estratégia de assistência, pois visa a prevenção de doenças, promoção e recuperação da saúde física e mental da população, com a conseqüente melhora da qualidade de vida das pessoas. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo conhecer o que pensam os profissionais que atuam em uma unidade do PSF sobre a pessoa acometida pelo sofrimento psíquico, bem como identificar as dificuldades encontradas por eles na assistência a essa clientela na comunidade. A metodologia utilizada foi a qualitativa e, como estratégia metodológica, utilizou-se o estudo de caso. Para a coleta de dados foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas...

Assistance to children in North-West Portugal : the case of pre-industrial Braga

Sá, Isabel dos Guimarães
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1993 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.72%
In pre.industrial Braga, children seem to have been the most numerous recipients of charity. Assistance to childhood was not confined to abandoned children, but included also destitute children whose parents were know, either legitimate or illegitimate. The level of child abandonment was never very hogh when compared to bigger cities like Porto, sex ratios are inconclusive and tend to favour the abandonment of males rather than girls, curves of seasonality sem to matcth in broad terms other data existing for the same area applying to all births. D. Frei Caetano Brandão, archbishop of Braga towards the end of the eighteenth century, founded in 1791 a college for needy children, both foundlings and orphans. Initially intended to privilege foundlings, it soon became almost monopolized by orphans and children whose parents were still alive. Orphans, deprived of one or both parents, although coming from well-to-do families, were in need of support in order to ensure careers the would enable them to reproduce or improve the social status of their families of birth. Strictly dominated by ecclesiastical authorities until 1834-5, the college depended largely on patronage in the admittance of its pensioners, especially in the case of foundlings and illegitimate children. But...

The Social and Economic Impact of Sanctions and Time Limits on Recipients of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families

Lindhorst, Taryn; Mancoske, Ronald J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.72%
A central feature of the reforms enacted through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (welfare reform) has been the adoption of strategies to involuntarily remove Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) recipients from the welfare rolls, including increased use of sanctions and time limits on welfare receipt. Drawing on data from a three year panel study of women who had been receiving welfare in a state which adopted stringent sanctioning and time limit policies, we investigate predictors of recipients’ TANF status after implementation of welfare reform, and identify differences in post-reform material resources, hardships and quality of life based on TANF status. Almost half of all welfare case closures during the first time period after reforms were implemented through involuntary strategies. Relatively few baseline characteristics predicted different outcomes once welfare time limits and sanctions were implemented. Those who were timed off welfare had substantially lower incomes in the year following their removal. One third of all respondents, regardless of reason for leaving TANF reported having insufficient food, housing problems and lack of access to needed medical care.

Adolescents’ Daily Assistance to the Family in Response to Maternal Need

Tsai, Kim M.; Telzer, Eva H.; Gonzales, Nancy A.; Fuligni, Andrew J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Although children’s provision of family assistance is a common routine, little is understood about the day-to-day variability that may exist in children’s assistance behaviors. Guided by a family systems framework, the current study examined whether Mexican American adolescents’ provision of family assistance was contingent on daily maternal need. Adolescents (N = 354, 49% males, Mage = 14.96 years) and their mothers (Mage = 41.55 years) each completed reports on 14 consecutive days. The results indicated that adolescents generally responded to maternal need, being more likely to help their families on days when their mothers worked or felt fatigued. This daily contingency was modified by family and adolescent characteristics, with adolescents thought to generally engage in low levels of assistance (i.e., youngest males and those in families with little economic strain) increasing their help when their mothers were fatigued. In contrast, daily maternal work did not appear to stimulate greater assistance among families with low levels of economic strain.

Social Assistance in the New EU Member States : Strengthening Performance and Labor Market Incentives

Ringold, Dena; Kasek, Leszek
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
This report looks at safety nets in the new member states from the perspective of fiscal impact and effectiveness. Given the limited budgets for social assistance, ensuring that resources are spent well, reach those who need them, and optimize welfare gains and labor market outcomes. This also requires attention to the balance between spending on means-tested antipoverty programs and family benefits and social insurance programs. Because of high levels of pension spending and rapidly aging populations, there is a risk that contributory social insurance spending will crowd out spending on social assistance. Managing the long-term fiscal sustainability of these programs to meet emerging needs is a priority. This paper looks at social assistance within the broader context of social protection. The main focus of the policy discussion is on the guaranteed minimum income programs, which comprise the centerpiece of the social assistance systems in each of the EU8 countries. Child allowances are also discussed...

More Than a Pretty Picture : Using Poverty Maps to Design Better Policies and Interventions

Bedi, Tara; Coudouel, Aline; Simler, Kenneth
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.61%
This publication offers crucial lessons for policy makers and development experts who may be considering using small area poverty maps as tools of economic development and helps add to our array of tools for dealing with the political economy issues of poverty. It represents a major contribution to a little understood aspect of the well-known adage "location, location, location," demonstrating that the conceptualization of poverty at the local level represents an important step in our fight against poverty. Insights from the diverse experiences of 12 countries are drawn together in the first two chapters, on key elements in the successful implementation and utilization of poverty maps and on the political economy of poverty maps. The case studies in the volume highlight the wide range of policies and interventions that have been influenced by poverty maps, including, but not limited to, the location of investments and services, the creation of district and municipal development plans, and the allocation of grants and fiscal transfers. They show that successfully implemented and appropriately utilized poverty maps may lead to radical shifts in the perception of poverty and in strategies designed to address poverty.

Multi-Tier Targeting of Social Assistance : The Role of Intergovernmental Transfers

Alderman, Harold
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.74%
Albania provides a small amount of social assistance to nearly 20 percent of its population through a system that allows some community discretion in determining distribution. This study investigates how well this social assistance program is targeted to the poor. Relative to other safety net programs in low-income countries, social assistance in Albania is fairly well targeted. Nevertheless, the system is hampered by the absence of a clear, objective criterion to determine the size of the grants from the central government to communes as well as limited information that could be used to implement this criterion. Substantial gains in targeting could be achieved if the central government better allocated transfers to local governments, even holding local targeting at base levels.

Ukraine Poverty Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
Ukraine recorded one of the sharpest declines in poverty of any transition economy in recent years. The poverty rate, measured against an absolute poverty line, fell from a high of 32 percent in 2001 to 14 percent in 2004, and then again to 8 percent in 2005. This Update presents simulations of the direct influence of an increase in energy prices on the poverty rate. Using 2005 as a base period, the simulations estimate the poverty rates that might result from alternative increases in the price of energy. In this simple model, the main determinant of the impact of the increase in energy prices on poverty is the share of energy in total household expenditures. An increase in energy prices will harm the poor slightly more than the rich because the poor have a slightly higher share of energy in their expenditures.

Family income support policy issues

Dolan, Alex
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 69578 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Supporting families with children is one of the Government’s key objectives. It plays a major part in the building of Australia’s future generations. We have a strong, effective family assistance system that has delivered substantial benefits to families.

This paper reviews major developments in the provision of financial assistance to families with children, how these will be changed under the Government’s tax reform package and identifies some outstanding policy issues. The paper does not seek to overview the interaction between the family payments and the income tax systems insofar as they impact on the financial position of Australian families. That is not the purpose of this paper, which is to raise outstanding policy issues within the realm of the income support provided to families. Studies that have examined the interaction between the tax and family assistance systems point to the marked rise in the value of family payments for lower income families and the relative decline in family payments for higher income families over the past two decades.; no

Integrating Disaster Response and Climate Resilience in Social Protection Programs in the Pacific Island Countries

Costella, Cecilia; Ivaschenko, Oleksiy
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%
The Pacific island countries (PICs) are some of the most exposed to frequent natural disasters and climate shocks, and their vulnerability is increasing due to mounting effects of climate change as well as demographic and economic forces. Natural disasters hit the poorest hardest and have long-term consequences for human development. Social protection programs and systems have an important role in helping poor and vulnerable populations cope with the impacts of shocks as well as build long-term resilience. This paper discusses the potential role of social protection for disaster and climate risk reduction and management in PICs. It presents evidence and lessons from other regions, providing examples of tools and entry points for the development of climate, and disaster, responsive social protection interventions and context-specific recommendations for PICs.

Creating choice or social engineering? An exploration of government assistance to Australian families

Tai, Rebekha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
Australian Prime Minister John Howard has stated that his government's family policies increase parents' choices about they wish to balance work and caring. By looking at the current government family initiatives and their practical application one can examine whether these policies really do create more choices. The Coalition's family policies reward breadwinner families disproportionately and so supports parents who make this choice more than others. The Australian Government has historically assisted families with the costs of raising children. This has occurred primarily through welfare payments, which have been given to those families believed to need help the most. Today's government continues this tradition of aiding families through financial payments, spending $18.2 billion this financial year on the five dominant family assistance payments alone. All these payments, except the Baby Bonus, are means-tested to ensure these payments continue to target those parents deemed most in need. These payments disproportionately benefit families with one full-time working parent and a parent that either does not work or works very little. The rates of family payments give greatest benefits to families that split income earning on a ratio of 80/20. Further...

Reaching Out to Africa's Orphans : A Framework for Public Action

Subbarao, Kalanidhi; Coury, Diane
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
The study begins by stressing three points. First, the number of orphans is growing at an alarming rate, and therefore the vulnerabilities associated with orphanhood require immediate attention. Second, because resources are limited and not all orphans are in need of assistance, there is an urgent need to target assistance to the neediest children in a nonstigmatizing fashion, within the framework of the present limited knowledge of what works and what does not. Third, although there is still no blueprint on the best way to scale up interventions, the World Bank's multicountry AIDS programs (MAPs) do offer an opportunity not only to pilot assistance efforts but also to extend assistance to as many of the needy as possible, albeit seeking interagency coordination of efforts both to avoid duplication of efforts and to learn from the experience of everyone involved in this effort. An important rationale for such an intervention is to ensure that orphans' human development (access to health care and education) is not in any way jeopardized. Clearly...

Vietnam : Formal and Informal Social Assistance in Metropolitan Cities - A Rapid Assessment

Nguyen, Tam Giang
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
The expanding coverage of social assistance in Vietnam raises a question of whether relevant arrangements at all levels are sufficiently robust to handle a larger program. This note explores institutional and delivery aspects of formal and informal social assistance in metropolitan cities. It is a result of a rapid assessment of governance and administration of social assistance in metropolitan cities, including interviews with related stakeholders in Ho Chi Minh City in July 2010 and in Hanoi in January 2011. Basically, the existing governance and administrative structures for delivery of Decrees 67/13 assistance in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are characterized by a number of common issues elsewhere in the country, as described in previous studies. In addition, this note finds that while the cities may have resources to self-finance their assistance under Decrees 67/13 and provide significant informal assistance through various channels, their determination of exclusive poverty lines without sound scientific grounds may result in substantial inclusion and exclusion errors in locally funded schemes of aid. Furthermore...

Nutrition Beyond the Health Sector : A Profile of World Bank Lending in Nutrition from 2000 to 2006

Garrett, James; El Hag El Tahir, Safinaz
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.72%
The World Bank report Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development (2006) explicitly recommended improving nutrition by not only working through the health sector, but also in non-health sectors such as agriculture and education. This report provides descriptive and financial profiles of the Bank's recent portfolio in nutrition (from FY2000 to late FY2006) to note the extent to which the Bank has actually gone outside the health sector to work on nutrition. In this period, 41 projects were assigned a theme of "food and nutrition security." Just over half of them (22 out of 41) had nutrition-related components or activities. Of these 22 projects, half fell within the health sector, and half fell outside.

Albania : Social Safety Net Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
In 1989, Albania's rigid political and socioeconomic structure shattered beyond repair. Turbulence soon invaded every domain of life. As the state imploded, so did the state-run economy. This review explores ongoing consequences of this difficult transformation that took place since 1989 and of policy initiatives to mitigate or ameliorate its effects. Albania has been much studied; the review addresses important information gaps. It establishes, from the representative 2002 Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS), which kinds of families receive public income transfers and private income flows in what amounts and from what sources. It estimates the impact that these public and private income flows have in mitigating pre-transfer and post-transfer poverty among households. It does this by type of family and source of income flow, for all Albanian households and for various subsets of them. This review analyzes the relative importance of pensions and social assistance in alleviating poverty among rural households with aged members. This review also documents and links data on expenditures under social programs with data on program beneficiaries for recent years and it identifies current tradeoffs among the multiple objectives of social safety net policies...

Tajikistan - Delivering Social Assistance to the Poorest Households

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
During the food, fuel, and financial crises of 2008 and 2009, the Government and donors found themselves without an effective mechanism for channeling assistance to the poor. In 2009, the Government of Tajikistan asked the World Bank to support improvement of its system of social assistance. The World Bank prepared this report to inform its technical and financial support for improvement of social assistance and also to define an initial mechanism for delivering benefits to the poorest households. At present, Tajikistan's system of social assistance exerts almost no downward influence on poverty rates. This note sets forth the case for reform and then presents some specific technical proposals for reforms. To trace the path to reform, this report starts with an assessment of the present system. The other main social assistance program is compensation to needy families whose children attend school. This program pays benefits to selected households if their children enroll in and attend school. The size of the benefit is negligible and is judged too low to influence school attendance. An important step in the reform will be to consolidate the two main social assistance programs...

Building a Dialogue to Promote Microfinance Best Practices in South America

Goldberg, Mike; Palladini, Eric
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.72%
This note provides a summary of how the Bank established an eight-part distance learning series for dialogue with South American micro-financing institutions (MFIs). The objectives of the dialogues were to: (1) highlight the Bank's ability to mobilize international technical expertise in microfinance; (2) strengthen MFIs by disseminating new knowledge and technological best practices; (3) promote the sharing of experiences and lessons learned; and (4) promote greater ties among the MFIs in the region. The events became an ongoing forum to provide technical assistance to microfinance networks in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

A luta pela moradia na cidade de São Paulo : as interações entre moradores de favelas e o poder público de 1975 a 1982; The struggle for housing in the city of São Paulo : the interactions between the residents of favelas and the public power of 1975 to 1982

Aldrey Cristiane Iscaro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.52%
Esta pesquisa tem como tema o processo organizativo e de construção das demandas do movimento de moradores de favelas e como este movimento social foi conformando, ao longo do tempo, seu repertório de luta para afirmação da moradia digna, mediados por seu apoiador principal naquele momento, a Igreja Católica, sua relação com o governo e seu processo de aprendizagem na tentativa do atendimento de suas reivindicações. Nosso principal objetivo é descrever como se davam as interações entre moradores de favelas e poder público, na cidade de São Paulo, entre 1975 e 1982, em um momento no qual as políticas públicas para as favelas aos poucos iam se deslocando da ênfase na remoção, ainda hegemônicas, para a ideia da assistência coletiva às famílias. Para a nossa análise retomaremos, de forma mais rápida e como contraponto, a luta dos moradores dos loteamentos clandestinos, como forma de avaliarmos os diferentes padrões de resposta estatal associados à luta pela terra urbana. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida utilizando bibliografia secundária e análise de documentos do período, alguns deles produzidos pelo próprio movimento e também pela pesquisa de jornais da época.; This research has as its theme the organizational process and construction of the demands of the movement of the favelas's residents and how this social movement has been conforming...

Pobre coração de Maria : assistencia e educação de meninas desvalidas em fins do seculo XIX e inicio do seculo XX; Poor heart of Mary : assistance and education of girls out of favor at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century

João Valerio Scremin
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/07/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
Esta pesquisa analisou a proposta de assistência e educação da criança desvalida num asilo de recolhimento católico da cidade de Piracicaba, interior de São Paulo, em fins do século XIX e início do século XX. Existente até os dias atuais com o nome de Lar Escola do Coração de Maria, o Asilo de Nossa Mãe foi fundado em 1896 como uma instituição voltada para o recolhimento de meninas órfãs e desvalidas, tendo como objetivo assistir, educar, civilizar, moralizar e higienizar essas meninas, transformando-as, segundo seu regimento, em mães de famílias pobres. O trabalho procurou contribuir para a compreensão do processo de assistência à criança pobre, analisando, para tanto, as representações do lugar das crianças pobres na sociedade do período, as ações empreendidas, bem como o significado deste recolhimento em relação com as propostas de assistência presentes nos documentos do asilo. Examinando o processo de criação e atuação do Asilo de Nossa Mãe, esta dissertação se propõe a observar as ações dos sujeitos envolvidos no desenvolvimento das propostas assistenciais no município, bem como a produção de discursos acerca da assistência à criança pobre e os debates sobre a temática, no período. Assim...

Kinship Status and Life Course Transitions as Determinants of Financial Assistance to Adult Children

Remle, Robert Corey
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 817572 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em 21/04/2008 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
This dissertation contributes to the literature on intergenerational transfers by examining the dynamics of financial assistance provided by midlife parents to their adult children across the life course. This dissertation also examines whether the cumulative advantage hypothesis stretches across generational lines during co-occurring life course experiences so that financial transfers convey additional advantages to adult children. I use panel data from four waves of the Health and Retirement Study (1992, 1994, 1996 and 1998) to provide a broad picture of the process of financial assistance to younger adults within extended families. I constructed within-family trajectories of assistance to demonstrate that financial transfers are more common than previously estimated. Over 60% of all midlife-parent households gave $500 or more at least once and many parents gave multiple transfers and/or gave transfers to several adult children during a seven-year period. In an examination of kinship structures that differentiates between paternal children and maternal children within blended families, I use nonlinear logistic regression models to show that the decreased likelihood that fathers provided financial assistance to children from a previous marriage accounted solely for the reduction in transfers that all stepchildren received compared to biological children. Multilevel regression models demonstrate that transfer amounts are also influenced by kinship structures and parental resources. Additional analyses show adult child life course transitions related to schooling and coresidence were influential for parents' transfer behaviors while other life course transitions related to work...