Página 1 dos resultados de 8 itens digitais encontrados em 0.001 segundos

Lao PDR - Labor Standards and Productivity in the Garments Export Sector : A Survey of Managers and Workers

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
This report describes labor practices in the Lao garments export sector as seen by both management and labor. The main objective of this report is to present the differing perspectives on working conditions between managers and workers, and to explore ways in which the Lao garment sector could break out of this unsustainable situation. More specifically, insights on management practices, working conditions and worker motivation, as well as industry technology and workflow practices, are drawn from the survey and recommendations made on what firms, industry, government and development partners can do to boost productivity in the sector. This study seeks to investigate further possible factors contributing to low-productivity including management practices, working conditions and worker motivation, as well as industry technology and workflow practices. In order for the garment sector to progress, this study points to possibilities to increase worker wellbeing, reduce turnover and improve productivity through mutually reinforcing actions. Possible interventions include: a transition support program and improved labor market information systems to support labor force entry; better worker representation and dispute resolution mechanisms; and...

Interwoven; How the Better Work Program Improves Job and Life Quality in the Apparel Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.88%
The Better Work Program has its roots in the Better Factories Cambodia (BFC) program, established in 2001 as a follow-on from the 1999 U.S.-Cambodia Bilateral Trade Agreement. The free trade agreement (FTA) was the first to link improved labor conditions with greater market access. The BFC program benefitted all the key stakeholders by improving work conditions, supporting the growth of the apparel sector in Cambodia (benefitting all local stakeholders), and boosting developed world buyers’ reputation by sourcing from ethical workplaces. BFC has also helped to cushion the negative effects of external changes to the trading environment in the apparel sector (the end of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement quota system in 2005 and the global financial crisis in 2008–09). The program has grown substantially; as of December 2014, BW has reached over a million workers in more than 1,000 factories across eight countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Haiti, Indonesia, Jordan, Lesotho, Nicaragua, and Vietnam).

Globalization, Wages, and the Quality of Jobs : Five Country Studies

Robertson, Raymond; Brown, Drusilla; Pierre, Gaëlle; Sanchez-Puerta, María Laura
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
The country studies in this volume analyze the link between globalization and working conditions in Cambodia, El Salvador, Honduras, Indonesia, and Madagascar. These countries vary significantly in population, economic circumstances, region, history, and institutions. All have experienced liberalization and globalization in the last 20 years. The heterogeneity of these countries provides the basis for a useful comparison of the effects of globalization on working conditions. As suggested in the framework, each country study has three main components: a description of the country's experience with globalization, a qualitative part that analyzes country-specific aspects of working conditions, and an analysis of changes in interindustry wage differentials (IIWDs) that can be compared across countries. In general, globalization has been characterized by export-driven foreign direct investment (FDI) concentrated in relatively few sectors. Export-driven FDI in the apparel sector plays a prominent role in each country...

Habitação e trabalho em domicílio para a indústria do vestuário na cidade de São Paulo; Home-based enterprising and the garment industry in São Paulo's downtown

Cinthia Kawe Wu
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.26%
As propostas urbanas de revitalização e habitação para a região central de São Paulo, apresentadas a partir dos anos 1990, enfatizaram a discussão de por que e para quem elas seriam realizadas. Termos como "cidade global", "gentrificação" e "segregação social" são frequentes nas pesquisas contemporâneas sobre o espaço urbano paulistano. Paralelamente, a indústria do vestuário, localizada nos distritos centrais Brás e Bom Retiro, é uma economia de aglomeração que emprega vasta mão-de-obra nas etapas de produção, muitas das quais ocorrem em oficinas localizadas no espaço doméstico. Esse fator é evidenciado pelas sucessivas ondas migratórias entre etnias que possuíam a confecção como característica comum. O objetivo da pesquisa é estudar aspectos arquitetônicos das habitações que vinculam o trabalho à moradia no cenário proposto e a sua inserção no ambiente urbano. A metodologia utiliza dados quantitativos, obtidos por meio da revisão bibliográfica, e dados qualitativos referentes à análise de nove estudos de caso. Analisa-se o cenário paulistano de acordo com os estudos desenvolvidos por Peter Kellett e Graham Tipple sobre na Índia, Bolívia, África do Sul e Indonésia. A partir dos resultados obtidos...

Unexpected victories : protecting workers' rights in Guatemala's apparel-for-export sector; Protecting workers' rights in Guatemala's apparel-for-export sector

Connolly, Sarah E., 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 119 p.; 5719598 bytes; 5734380 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.66%
This thesis examines three surprise victories for workers' rights in the Guatemalan garment sector. In the past three years, three unions have formed at the Choishin, Cimatextiles, and Nobland factories and each has negotiated a collective bargaining agreement. This thesis explores why these victories were possible given the general context of globalization and the economic and institutional context of Guatemala. I have proposed a model that describes the dynamic approach that allowed the unions to form and negotiate the only collective bargaining agreements in Guatemala's apparel-for-export sector. These unions were successful because cross-border union organizing, corporate codes of conduct, independent monitoring, and government enforcement were dynamically combined. This thesis also demonstrates how the new synthesized model accounts for differences across the three cases. These cases provide a series of Lessons for protecting workers' rights. But the most salient lesson from Guatemala is that, under certain conditions, victory for Labor rights is possible; it is possible to maintain garment sector employment while increasing respect for workers' rights. And if this sort of victory is possible in Guatemala, then it seems possible anywhere.; by Sarah E. Connolly.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Beneth corporate codes of conduct : what drives compliance in two Mexican garment factories

Romis, Monica
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 144 leaves; 8783957 bytes; 8791868 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
This thesis addresses the question: under what conditions do corporate codes of conduct work? To answer this question, I develop two case studies of subcontracting factories that are subject to a multinational company's (MNC) code of conduct. These two factories have many similarities-both are in Mexico, both are in the apparel industry, and both produce for the same MNC. In addition, on the surface, they appear to have similar labor practices. They have comparable policies vis-à-vis their workers in terms of recruitment, promotion system, grievance system, and benefits. However, upon conducting fieldwork at the plants, I found that, despite similarities on paper, there are significantly differences in actual labor conditions. One factory complies with the code of conduct and the other does not. I argue that the code of conduct, and other similar policies, are "filtered" by the management, which results in different labor conditions. Four factors influence the way managers treat their workers and interact with the MNC external labor markets, product markets, cultural and language conditions inside the plants, and values of management. These factors influence the management style of the plants and their relationship with the MNC, which result in different implementation of the same policies...

THE RISE AND FALL OF THE GARMENT INDUSTRY IN SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA

Sidoriak, Emma
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.26%
Marsha A. Dickson; The success of the garment industry in Schuylkill County is closely related to the status of Schuylkill County???s economy???both rising from the 1930s to 1950s and declining from the 1970s to today. The purposes of this study are to determine what forces led to the rise and fall of the garment industry in Schuylkill County; to analyze if there is a possibility for Schuylkill County to establish a new, modern garment industry; and to bring awareness about Schuylkill County???s importance to the nation and poor, current economy. Data were collected from books written by experts on the garment industry, the state of Pennsylvania, and Schuylkill County; primary sources provided by the Schuylkill County Historical Society; online articles; and one-on-one interviews of people who once worked in the garment factories of Schuylkill County. The data supports the conclusions that the rising and falling success of the garment industry in Schuylkill County was a result of the industry???s pattern of moving to regions with the lowest cost of labor; globalization and reduction of barriers due to free trade; and the development of America, which increased demand for better working rights and more consumption. To establish a new garment industry in Schuylkill County...

Ecological modernisation theory and Bangladesh: Lessons from the environmental compliance upgrading experiences of Bangladeshi garments firms.

Selim, Shahpar
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
In this era of international supply chains where Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are exporting to Developed Countries (DCs), concerns about economic growth that is environmentally benign has meant that LDC factories are taking environmental upgrading measures to meet standards set by DC customers. This thesis looks at the applicability of ecological modernisation theory (EMT) to this situation by examining the Bangladeshi readymade garments (RMG) sector that is part of the global apparel value chain. EMT suggests that economic growth can continue while providing environmental protection in the long run due to proactive environmental actions by the market actors, civil society and the nation state. This thesis tests the tenets of EMT by looking at the apparel value chain in three parts (management networks within firms, economic networks of the supply chain, and policy networks) and then as a whole (EM network). Evidence from Bangladeshi garment factories (corporate culture, organisational change and environmental learning) suggests significant problems: factories are compliant with buyer codes only on paper and not in reality. Firms have a mixture of proactive and reactive greening measures and enjoy only an indirect competitive advantage from greening. The absence of "win win" gains can be pinned to buyer behaviour along the chains...