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Biotecnologia animal

COUTINHO, Luiz Lehmann; ROSÁRIO, Millor Fernandes do; JORGE, Erika Cristina
Fonte: Instituto de Estudos Avançados da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Instituto de Estudos Avançados da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
A biotecnologia animal tem fornecido novas ferramentas para os programas de melhoramento e, dessa forma, contribuído para melhorar a eficiência da produção dos produtos de origem animal. No entanto, os avanços têm sido mais lentos do que antecipados, especialmente em razão da dificuldade na identificação dos genes responsáveis pelas características fenotípicas de interesse zootécnico. Três estratégias principais têm sido utilizadas para identificar esses genes - mapeamento de QTL, genes candidatos e sequenciamento de DNA e mRNA - e cada uma tem suas vantagens e limitações. O mapeamento de QTL permite determinar as regiões genômicas que contêm genes, mas o intervalo de confiança do QTL pode ser grande e conter muitos genes. A estratégia de genes candidatos é limitada por causa do conhecimento ainda restrito das funções de todos os genes. Os sequenciamentos de genomas e de sequências expressas podem auxiliar na identificação da posição de genes e de vias metabólicas associadas à característica de interesse. A integração dessas estratégias por meio do desenvolvimento de programas de bioinformática permitirá a identificação de novos genes de interesse zootécnico. Assim, os programas de melhoramento genético se beneficiarão pela inclusão da informação obtida diretamente do DNA na avaliação do mérito genético dos plantéis disponíveis.; Animal biotechnology is providing new tools for animal breeding and genetics and thus contributing to advances in production efficiency and quality of animal products. However...

"Padronização e desenvolvimento de reagentes imunoenzimáticos para pesquisa de ciprofloxacina em produtos de origem animal"; Standardization and development of immunoenzymatics reagents for ciprofloxacin in animal products

Gobbo, Sarita Priscila
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
O crescimento cada vez maior da industrialização e a existência de um mercado globalizado vêm exigindo dos produtores rurais à utilização de modernas tecnologias ligadas à produção animal. O baixo custo de produção e o aumento da qualidade do produto final gerado têm sido a grande meta dos pecuaristas e centros de pesquisa voltados à agropecuária. Devido à necessidade de aumento na produção, propriedades agropecuárias têm recorrido ao uso de todo e qualquer recurso disponível que possa promover melhorias na atividade produtiva.O uso indiscriminado dos antimicrobianos com a intenção de aumentar a produção animal pode resultar em concentrações residuais nos produtos como carne, ovos e leite acima das doses aceitáveis para o consumo humano. Inicialmente, os antibióticos eram usados como medida terapêutica, mas com o avanço do conhecimento e desenvolvimento de novos compostos, passaram a ser utilizados também como medida preventiva e como promotores do crescimento.O que se deve questionar não é a presença destes resíduos, mas sim o tipo e as concentrações dos mesmos. De fato, as modernas tecnologias analíticas têm permitido a detecção de partes por bilhão de substâncias químicas, componentes ou metabólitos de medicamentos de uso veterinário em alimentos e...

Cadastro de exploração pecuária e controle do trânsito de bovídeos no Brasil, 2010; Animal production registration and control of animal transit of bovines in Brazil, 2010

Carvalho, Luiz Felipe Ramos
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Tese (Doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, 2010.; O trânsito de animais é considerado uma das principais formas de disseminação de doenças. Seu controle e fiscalização são importantes ferramentas na implantação dos programas sanitárias que objetivam o controle e erradicação de enfermidades. A fiscalização da movimentação animal requer cada vez mais ferramentas, principalmente devido às maiores exigências dos consumidores bem como às regulamentações nacionais e dos países importadores de produtos de origem animal brasileiro. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar as condições de fiscalização do trânsito e de cadastro de explorações pecuárias no Brasil e considerando o grande número de informações disponíveis, descrever os procedimentos de instalação de um sistema informatizado de controle do trânsito de animais e cadastro de explorações pecuárias no Distrito Federal e a utilização de sensoriamento remoto utilizando o programa “Google Earth®” para o cadastro de propriedades com animais em quatro unidades federativas (UF) brasileiras. A análise das condições oficias de fiscalização do trânsito demonstrou que as características estudadas são importantes da discriminação da condição sanitária...

Animal products, calcium and protein and prostate cancer risk in the Netherlands Cohort Study

Schuurman, A G; Brandt, P A van den; Dorant, E; Goldbohm, R A
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Prostate cancer risk in relation to consumption of animal products, and intake of calcium and protein was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort Study. At baseline in 1986, 58 279 men aged 55–69 years completed a self-administered 150-item food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on other risk factors for cancer. After 6.3 years of follow-up, 642 prostate cancer cases were available for analysis. In multivariate case-cohort analyses adjusted for age, family history of prostate cancer and socioeconomic status, no associations were found for consumption of fresh meat, fish, cheese and eggs. Positive trends in risk were found for consumption of cured meat and milk products (P-values 0.04 and 0.02 respectively). For calcium and protein intake, no associations were observed. The hypothesis that dietary factors might be more strongly related to advanced prostate tumours could not be confirmed in our study. We conclude that, in this study, animal products are not strongly related to prostate cancer risk. © 1999 Cancer Research Campaign

Profile of international air passengers intercepted with illegal animal products in baggage at Guarulhos and Galeão airports in Brazil

de Melo, Cristiano Barros; Pinheiro de Sá, Marcos Eielson; Alves, Flaviane Faria; McManus, Concepta; Aragão, Lucas Fernandes; Belo, Bruno Benin; Campani, Paulo Ricardo; da Matta Ribeiro, Antonio Cavalcanti; Seabra, Christina Isoldi; Seixas, Luiza
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Protection against biological material entering a country or region through airports is important because, through them, infectious agents can quickly reach exotic destinations and be disseminated. Illegal products of animal origin may contain hazardous infectious agents that can compromise animal and public health. The aim of this study was to identify associations between possession of illegal animal products in baggage and demographic characteristics of the passengers, as well as characteristics of their travel plans in the two main Brazilian international airports. A total of 457 passengers were divided into two groups: passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products and control. Passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products not stated on the accompanied baggage declaration completed a questionnaire, to aid in profiling. Nationality, origin, age and residency of passengers were analyzed using chi square, logistic regression and odds ratios. Passengers from Eastern Europe were the most likely to enter with animal products as were those aged between 35 and 55 years. When evaluating the departure point, the highest frequency was seen in those coming from Portugal. Passenger group, reasons for travel, amount and type of baggage were available only for passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products...

Emprego da Técnica de pcr em tempo real na detecção de DNA de Brucella spp em lesões de carcaças e vísceras provenientes de matadouros- frigoríficos sob inspeção federal.; Real-Time PCR detection of Brucella spp in lesions of carcasses and visceras from slaughterhouses under Federal Inspection

SOLA, Marilia Cristina
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by bacterium of the genus Brucella, which affects humans and different species of animals. Despite the implementation of programs aimed at the disease controlling and eradicating, brucelosis is endemic in many countries, especially in developing ones, resulting in significant economic losses and serious implications for animal and public health, due to its zoonotic character. The disease can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with infected animals, fetal membranes, and also transmitted to humans by contaminated animal products, especially milk and dairy products that have not undergone thermal processing, by raw meat and the handling of carcasses and visceras at the slaughterhouse. The National Programme for Control and Eradication of Brucellosis (PNCEBT), established in the country in 2001, determines the diagnosis of animals in order to establish both the distribution and characterization of the agent. In this context and seeking for a rapid, safe and precise diagnosis of this disease in cattle, we aimed to detect Brucella spp by real time PCR in suspect lesions detected during routine inspection in slaughterhouses under Federal Inspection in the state of Goias, Brazil. Such lesions were related to cervical bursitis...

FARINHAS DE RESÍDUOS DE ABATEDOUROS AVÍCOLAS EM DIFERENTES GRAUS DE PROCESSAMENTO EM RAÇÕES PRÉ-INICIAIS E INICIAIS DE FRANGOS DE CORTE; Poultry by-products from abattoir plants in different processing methods in pre-starter and starter rations.

LABOISSIERE, Michele
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
In this experiment, the inclusion of viscera and bone meal (FVO) and feather and blood meal (FPS) according to its processing grade was evaluated in broiler pre-starter and starter rations. The experiments were conducted in the poultry experimental facilities of the Veterinary College of the Federal University of Goiás (EV/UFG), located in Goiânia, Brazil. A total of four experiments were carried out to evaluate performance, digestibility and intestinal biometry of broilers fed diets containing viscera and bone meal (FVO) with different moisture levels in processing and feather and blood meal (FPS) with different pressing levels in processing in pre-starter (one to seven days of age) and starter (eight to 21 days of age). In the first experiment, 9% inclusion of FVO with different moisture levels at processing (4, 5 and 6%) in pre-starter rations. In the second experiment, the same moisture levels of FVO were analyzed for starter rations. In the third experiment, 9% inclusion of FPS with different hydrolysis pressing at processing (2,0, 2,5 e 3,0 kg/cm2) in pre-starter ration was tested. In the experiment 4, the same hydrolysis pressing levels were tested for FPS but now at starter rations. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design...

Efeito de vacinas alopática e homeopática frente a Mycobacterium spp em diferentes modelos animais; Effect of vaccines and homeophatic Allopathic Mycobacterium spp front in different animal models

Cavalcanti, Marcos Antônio Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal (EVZ); Escola de Veterinária e Zootecnia - EVZ (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal (EVZ); Escola de Veterinária e Zootecnia - EVZ (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The development of new vaccines in the control of various diseases in cattle has been increasing the marketing of animals and animal products. Thus we tested two vaccines, a biotherapy homeopathicvaccine and other recombinantallopathic vaccine,using mycobacteria in their formulations that were subsequently tested in mice and cattle. In order to study the prophylactic effect of homeopathic vaccine and the potency to be used as a vaccine, we used a model of immunizations and infections. To this end, we used mice female of BALB / c lineage which were distributed in 15 groups of three animals each. To assess the possible immune mechanisms involved in homeopathic biotherapy vaccinations we used Mycobacterium massiliense. The biotherapics were prepared from mycobacterial M. massiliense. After infections and immunizations, the animals were euthanized and their livers and spleens were harvested, macerated, homogenized, plated and incubated at 37 ° C for five days. Then we did the counting of colony forming units (CFU) of bacteria recovered from organs and according to the results obtained were selected the potencies11cH and 19cH to be tested as vaccine, because they have shown more homogeneous results. In the animals that were immunized with 19 cHthere were induction of IgG2a class antibodies specific to M. massiliense similar to (0.18 ± 0.07) infections alone (0.19 ± .02). To assess allopathic vaccine protection was used mycobacterium (Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155 with PLA71/Fusion) in cattle. After allopathic vaccinations...

Climate Change Impacts on Animal Husbandry in Africa : A Ricardian Analysis

Seo, Sungno Niggol; Mendelsohn, Robert
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
This paper analyzes the impact of climate change on animal husbandry in Africa. It regresses the net revenue from raising animals in small and large farms across Africa on climate, soil, and other control variables to test the climate sensitivity of livestock. The study is based on a survey of over 9,000 farmers across 11 countries conducted by the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility. From this dataset, 5,400 farms were found to rely on livestock. The paper develops models to test whether the climate coefficients of small and large farms are similar. It turns out that small farms tend to be more labor intensive, rely on native stocks, and have few animals. Large farms tend to be more commercial operations, with much larger stocks and more modern approaches. The analysis finds that warming is good for small farms because they can substitute animals that are heat tolerant. Large farms, by contrast, are more dependent on cattle, which are not heat tolerant. The wetter scenarios are likely to be harmful to grazing animals because greater rainfall implies a shift from grasslands to forests...

Animal and Pandemic Influenza : A Framework for Sustaining Momentum, Fifth Global Progress Report July 2010

UN System Influenza Coordination; World Bank
Fonte: New York: United Nations Publicador: New York: United Nations
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Global efforts continue to work towards ensuring a world capable of preventing, detecting, and responding to animal and public health risks attributable to zoonoses and animal diseases. Drawing on achievements and experiences of the past five years, the fifth global progress report was produced to support the discussions and to provide a record of key outcomes from international ministerial conference on animal and pandemic influenza (IMCAPI). This report presents a framework for sustaining momentum which was agreed by delegates at the April 2010 IMCAPI. The framework offers three streams of work that need sustained attention by national, regional, and global authorities despite the inevitable waning of public interest in pandemic-related issues. The three work streams are: (a) prevention and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), (b) adoption of one health approaches, and (c) readiness for response to influenza pandemics. For each, the framework envisages two expected outcomes and identifies the actions which contribute to these expected outcomes. It identifies the incentives and institutional arrangements needed to sustain momentum...

Does Livestock Ownership Affect Animal Source Foods Consumption and Child Nutritional Status? Evidence from Rural Uganda

Azzarri, Carlo; Cross, Elizabeth; Haile, Beliyou; Zezza, Alberto
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
In many developing countries, consumption of animal source foods among the poor is still at a level where increasing its share in total caloric intake may have many positive nutritional benefits. This paper explores whether ownership of various livestock species increases consumption of animal source foods and helps improve child nutritional status. The paper finds some evidence that food consumption patterns and nutritional outcomes may be affected by livestock ownership in rural Uganda. The results are suggestive that promoting (small) livestock ownership has the potential to affect human nutrition in rural Uganda, but further research is needed to estimate more precisely the direction and size of these effects.

Improving Animal Welfare in Livestock Operations

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
In the past decade, animal welfare has been increasingly recognized in importance in commercial livestock operations. Governments, academic institutions, and animal welfare professionals are addressing animal welfare at different points in the agricultural supply chain, while consumers are demanding higher standards for food safety and animal welfare. Meanwhile, regional and global initiatives to provide guidance on acceptable animal welfare practices have emerged. IFC is committed to working with clients to reduce losses, increase productivity, and/or access new markets through the application of sustainability principles, including animal welfare standards. This Good Practice Note (GPN), which supersedes the 2006 edition, contributes to IFC s continued commitment to supporting clients in a responsible and forward-looking approach to traditional livestock production (dairy, beef, broiler chickens, layer chickens, pigs, and ducks) and aquaculture in intensive and extensive systems to, among other things, help producers access and maintain entry to high quality and value market segments. This GPN describes a range of animal welfare good practice and complements IFC s Performance Standards on Environmental and Social Sustainability (2012)...

Regulations governing the preparation, sale, barter, exchange, shipment, and importation of viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products intended for use in the treatment of domestic animals

United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry ( [Washington, D.C.] ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry ( [Washington, D.C.] )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2 p. : ; 23 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
(Statement of Responsibility) U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry.; Amendment 10 to B.A.I. order 276.; "Effective on and after October 1, 1933"

Consumption of animal products, their nutrient components and postmenopausal circulating steroid hormone concentrations

Brinkmann, M.; Baglietto, L.; Krishnan, K.; English, D.; Severi, G.; Morris, H.; Hopper, J.; Giles, G.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.03%
Background/Objectives: Little is known about nutritional factors that influence circulating concentrations of steroid hormones, which are consistently associated with risk of breast cancer for postmenopausal women. We aimed to investigate the association between consumption of animal products and the plasma concentrations of steroid hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). Subjects/Methods: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted on plasma from 766 naturally postmenopausal women. We measured plasma concentrations of steroid hormones and SHBG, and estimated dietary intakes using a 121-item food frequency questionnaire. Log-transformed values of hormone concentrations were regressed on quartiles of intake of meat and dairy products among food items, and fats, proteins and cholesterol among nutrient intake. Results: Total red and fresh red meat consumption was negatively associated with SHBG levels (P for trend=0.04 and <0.01, respectively). Mean SHBG concentrations were ~8% and 13% lower for women in the highest quartile compared with the lowest quartile of total red and fresh red meat consumption, respectively. Positive associations were observed between dairy product consumption and total and free estradiol concentrations (P for trend=0.02 and 0.03...

Validation of a near infrared microscopy method for the detection of animal products in feedingstuffs: Results of a collaborative study

BOIX SANFELIU Ana; FERNANDEZ PIERNA Juan; VON HOLST Christoph; BAETEN Vincent
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The performance characteristics of a near infrared microscopy (NIRM) method, when applied to the detection of animal products in feedingstuffs, were determined via a collaborative study. The method delivers qualitative results in terms of the presence or absence of animal particles in feed and differentiates animal from vegetable feed ingredients on the basis of the evaluation of near infrared spectra obtained from individual particles present in the sample. The specificity ranged from 86% to 100%. The limit of detection obtained on the analysis of the sediment fraction, prepared as for the European official method, was 0.1% processed animal proteins (PAPs) in feed, since all laboratories correctly identified the positive samples. This limit has to be increased up to 2% for the analysis of samples which are not sedimented. The required sensitivity for the official control is therefore achieved in the analysis of the sediment fraction of the samples where the method can be applied for the detection of the presence of animal meal. Criteria for the classification of samples, when fewer than five spectra are found, as being of animal origin needs to be set up in order to harmonise the approach taken by the laboratories when applying NIRM for the detection of the presence of animal meal in feed.; JRC.D.5-Standards for Food Bioscience

Valuing Forest Products and Services in Turkey; A Pilot Study of Bolu Forest Area

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The country’s forest areas occupy 21.7 million ha (approximately 27.6 percent of its total surface area), and are inhabited by close to 10 percent of its total population. The forest sector generates a variety of timber and non-timber products and eco-services. The Turkish government has put great effort into reforestation and forest management, increasing the total area of forests. In their tenth national development plan (2014-2018), the Turkish Government has decided to take a series of actions, including quantifying the value of natural resources and their ecosystem services and taking them into account in making and implementing policy decisions. In response to the government’s request for technical assistance in valuing natural resources, the World Bank assisted the Directorate General of Forestry (DGF) under the Turkish Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs (MoFWA) in conducting a pilot study in the Bolu forest area to identify and quantify the forest products and services used by humans and assess the possibility to expand and scale up forest valuation. The purpose of this report is to summarize the study’s findings and discuss its policy implications and next steps. The report contains six chapters...

Biotecnologia animal; Animal biotechnology

Coutinho, Luiz Lehmann; Rosário, Millor Fernandes do; Jorge, Erika Cristina
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
A biotecnologia animal tem fornecido novas ferramentas para os programas de melhoramento e, dessa forma, contribuído para melhorar a eficiência da produção dos produtos de origem animal. No entanto, os avanços têm sido mais lentos do que antecipados, especialmente em razão da dificuldade na identificação dos genes responsáveis pelas características fenotípicas de interesse zootécnico. Três estratégias principais têm sido utilizadas para identificar esses genes - mapeamento de QTL, genes candidatos e sequenciamento de DNA e mRNA - e cada uma tem suas vantagens e limitações. O mapeamento de QTL permite determinar as regiões genômicas que contêm genes, mas o intervalo de confiança do QTL pode ser grande e conter muitos genes. A estratégia de genes candidatos é limitada por causa do conhecimento ainda restrito das funções de todos os genes. Os sequenciamentos de genomas e de sequências expressas podem auxiliar na identificação da posição de genes e de vias metabólicas associadas à característica de interesse. A integração dessas estratégias por meio do desenvolvimento de programas de bioinformática permitirá a identificação de novos genes de interesse zootécnico. Assim, os programas de melhoramento genético se beneficiarão pela inclusão da informação obtida diretamente do DNA na avaliação do mérito genético dos plantéis disponíveis.; Animal biotechnology is providing new tools for animal breeding and genetics and thus contributing to advances in production efficiency and quality of animal products. However...

Consumption of animal products and frauds: DNA-based methods for the investigation of authenticity and traceability in dairy and meat-derived products – a review; Consumo de produtos de origem animal e fraudes: uma revisão dos métodos moleculares para a investigação de autenticidade e rastreabilidade em produtos lácteos e cárneos

Carvalho, Ana Carolina da Silva; Gennari, Solange Maria; Paschoalin, Vânia Margaret Flosi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
O aumento do poder de compra da população, especialmente em países emergentes como o Brasil, foi seguido pelo crescente consumo de carnes, leites e seus derivados, assim como pela maior exigência por padrões de qualidade destes produtos. Os diferentes tipos de fraude podem comprometer a qualidade e ferir os direitos do consumidor, sendo relevante a aplicação de métodos mais sensíveis e específicos para investigação da autenticidade de gêneros alimentícios de origem animal. A substituição total ou parcial de carne, leite ou derivados, de outra espécie animal que não a declarada no rótulo dos produtos, compromete a natureza e a qualidade destes produtos, prejudicando os direitos de escolha dos consumidores, que podem estar relacionados a recomendações médicas e nutricionais, ao valor econômico do produto ou sobre os hábitos e/ou restrições alimentares específicos de cada cultura. A identificação das espécies animais que deram origem aos produtos cárneos e lácteos e importante para a rastreabilidade dos alimentos. Embora matrizes alimentares tenham composição complexa e variável, técnicas biomoleculares têm sido cada vez mais utilizadas para a identificação de espécies animais, uma vez que tem sido demonstrada a confiabilidade...

The role of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) to facilitate the international trade in animals and animal products

Brückner,G.K.
Fonte: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research Publicador: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The international trade in animals and animal products has become a sensitive issue for both developed and developing countries by posing an important risk for the international spread of animal and human pathogens whilst at the same time being an essential activity to ensure world-wide food security and food safety. The OIE has since its founding in 1924, applied a democratic and transparent decision-making process to continuously develop and review international standards for animal health and zoonoses to facilitate trade in animals and animal products. The role of the OIE is also mandated by the World Trade Organization (WTO) as international reference point for standards related to animal health. In support of its overall objective of promoting animal health world-wide, the OIE has also launched several other initiatives such as the improvement of the governance of veterinary services within its member countries and territories and to enhance the availability of diagnostic and scientific expertise on a more even global geographical distribution. Several trade facilitating concepts such as country, zonal and compartment freedom from disease as well the trade in disease free commodities has been introduced to enhance the trade in animals and animal products for all its members including those from developing and transitional countries who are still in the process of enhancing to full compliance with international sanitary standards.

How do HIV and AIDS impact the use of natural resources by poor rural populations? The case of wild animal products

Kaschula,Sarah A.; Shackleton,Charles M.
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
As a result of heightened financial and food insecurity, populations adversely affected by HIV and/or AIDS may be more likely to utilise wild natural resources to supplement their diet and livelihoods. Should this effect be pronounced, HIV and AIDS may pose a serious environmental threat. We explored the hypothesis that the presence of factors in the household, such as chronic illness in and recent mortality of individuals in a high HIV-risk age group, as well as the fostering of orphans, are associated with increased utilisation of wild animal products (WAPs) at the household level. We randomly surveyed 519 households from four sites in rural South Africa, recording household socio-economic status, the utilisation of wild animal products and health and demographic factors attributed to HIV or AIDS. Binary logistic regressions were used to test if households with markers of HIV and/or AIDS affliction were more likely to have a higher incidence and frequency of WAP utilisation relative to non-afflicted households, after adjusting for socio-economic and demographic variables. We found that, although households with markers of HIV and/or AIDS were generally poorer and had higher dependency ratios, there was no evidence to support the hypothesis that WAP harvesting was associated with either poverty...