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Consolidation of international guidelines for the management of canine populations in urban areas and proposal of performance indicators

Maria Garcia, Rita de Cassia; Calderon, Nestor; Ferreira, Fernando
Fonte: PAN AMER HEALTH ORGANIZATION; WASHINGTON Publicador: PAN AMER HEALTH ORGANIZATION; WASHINGTON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Consolidation of international guidelines for the management of canine populations in urban areas and proposal of performance indicators The objective of this study is to propose a generic program for the management of urban canine populations with suggestion of performance indicators. The following international guidelines on canine population management were revised and consolidated: World Health Organization, World Organisation for Animal Health, World Society for the Protection of Animals, International Companion Animal Management Coalition, and the Food and Agriculture Organization. Management programs should cover: situation diagnosis, including estimates of population size; social participation with involvement of various sectors in the planning and execution of strategies; educational actions to promote humane values, animal welfare, community health, and responsible ownership (through purchase or adoption); environmental and waste management to eliminate sources of food and shelter; registration and identification of animals; animal health care, reproductive control; prevention and control of zoonoses; control of animal commerce; management of animal behavior and adequate solutions for abandoned animals; and laws regulating responsible ownership...

Defesa sanitária animal em São Paulo: origens, formação e perspectivas frente aos novos enfoques zoossanitários; Animal health service in São Paulo: origins, formation and perspectives front to the new focuses in animal health

Lima, Zelia Marilia Barbosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/11/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Utilizando-se a análise de conteúdo identificaram-se os marcos referenciais (nos níveis nacional e internacional) que orientaram a formação da defesa sanitária animal no Estado de São Paulo, desde a criação da Secretaria de Agricultura de São Paulo aos dias atuais. Descreveu-se o modelo atual de defesa animal, tendo como enfoque as dimensões organizacional, procedimental e operacional, precedida de uma recuperação histórica da sua formação. A defesa animal ocupou diferentes posições na estrutura organizacional da Secretaria, em função dos diferentes objetivos dos diferentes grupos governantes. Passou, de coadjuvante nos projetos de melhoramento animal, a instrumento dos controles legais. Este papel passou a ter maior nitidez, a partir de 1969, com a implantação da Campanha de Combate à Febre Aftosa. Consolidou-se, a partir da década de 1990, com a nova agenda do comércio internacional, do acordo constitutivo da Organização Mundial do Comércio e dos acordos e instrumentos jurídicos conexos que o compõem, especialmente com a adoção do Acordo sobre Aplicação de Medidas Sanitárias e Fitossanitárias. Constatou-se que as estratégias e políticas estabelecidas nos programas de defesa estão baseadas no marco referencial da epidemiologia tradicional. Este enfoque impede que se caracterizem e interpretem o papel que a organização sócio-econômica da produção possui na determinação dos problemas produtivos. A estreita aproximação entre os objetivos da defesa animal em São Paulo e os conteúdos das normas internacionais...

Perfil sanitário de onças-pintadas (Panthera onca) de vida livre no Pantanal Sul do Mato Grosso do Sul - Brasil; Health profile of free-ranging jaguars (Panthera onca) in Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul State - Brazil

Widmer, Cynthia Elisa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Poucos são os estudos acerca da saúde de onças-pintadas em vida livre. Visando obter melhores parâmetros para avaliação clínica desta espécie ameaçada de extinção, foram realizados exame clínico, hemograma, perfil bioquímico e acompanhamento de 10 onças-pintadas da região de Corumbá, no Pantanal do Mato Grosso do Sul. Além disso, buscando obter informações sobre o possível papel da espécie como suscetível, hospedeira ou sentinela de patógenos de importância em saúde pública e animal, amostras destas 10 onças foram testadas através de métodos sorológicos para verificar contato com vírus rábico, Rickettsia spp. e Ehrlichia canis. As amostras das onças e os carrapatos que as parasitavam no momento das capturas foram testados por reação em cadeia pela polimerase para a família Anaplasmataceae e os gêneros Rickettsia, Borrelia, Coxiella, Hepatozoon e Babesia. Este é o primeiro estudo a relatar os valores de hemograma e perfil bioquímico de uma população de onças-pintadas de vida livre. Dois animais, assintomáticos, apresentaram baixo título sorológico para o vírus da raiva, sugerindo contato da espécie com este patógeno. Todas as onças capturadas foram consideradas soropositivas para Rickettsia spp....

Água e o manejo ambiental como fatores de risco para saúde humana e saúde animal em propriedades rurais

Satake, Fernanda Michele
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xx, 75 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária - FCAV; O presente estudo teve por objetivo conhecer a qualidade da água, os tipos e as características das fontes de água de abastecimento humano e animal e o manejo ambiental em propriedades rurais situadas na Microbacia do Córrego Rico, Jaboticabal – SP. Foram analisados parâmetros microbiológicos, que incluíram o Número Mais Provável (NMP) de coliformes totais, Escherichia coli (EC) e contagem de microrganismos mesófilos; parâmetros físico-químicos, como teores de nitrato, turbidez e cor; além do levantamento sócio-ambiental, realizado por meio de entrevista. As amostras foram colhidas nos dois regimes pluviométricos e nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre os parâmetros analisados. 93,1% e 65,51% da água das fontes de abastecimento estavam fora dos padrões de potabilidade para coliformes totais e EC respectivamente. Da mesma forma, 86,20% e 51,72% das amostras de consumo humano estavam em desacordo com os mesmos padrões de potabilidade. A alta porcentagem de propriedades que não atendem a pelo menos um dos padrões de potabilidade exigidos pela legislação mostra que a água utilizada no meio rural é de extremo risco à saúde humana e animal especialmente quando se constata que a maioria dos proprietários não considera sua água como causadora de enfermidades ou de baixa qualidade. É necessária uma ação urgente no sentido de melhorar e preservar a qualidade da água dessas propriedades...

Planejamento, implantação e administração de medidas de defesa sanitária animal para o controle da laringotraqueíte infecciosa aviária, de 2002 a 2006, na região de Bastos, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

Buchala, Fernando Gomes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 157 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária - FCAV; A suspeita de Laringotraqueíte Infecciosa Aviária (LTI) em galinhas de postura de ovos comerciais da região de Bastos, Estado de São Paulo, foi notificada em 27/12/2002 ao Serviço de Defesa Sanitária Animal. A Coordenadoria de Defesa Agropecuária instituiu um programa de saúde animal para o controle da doença, com base no planejamento de fases que foram implantadas durante o seu desenvolvimento e amparadas por instrumentos legais especificamente elaborados para esta finalidade. A Portaria CDA no 2, de 10 de janeiro de 2003, proibiu o trânsito interestadual de aves de descarte da região e deu início à fase preparatória. A Resolução SAA no 27, de 30 de setembro de 2003, caracterizou a fase de execução com a delimitação da área infectada, denominada “Bolsão” de Bastos. A Portaria CDA no 4, de 20 de janeiro de 2004, estabeleceu um programa compulsório de vacinação contra a LTI. A partir de junho de 2004, nenhum novo caso de LTI foi observado no “Bolsão”. A Resolução SAA no 43, de 17 de novembro de 2005, declarou a LTI controlada com vacinação, dando início à fase de consolidação das medidas de profilaxia implantadas. Com a Resolução SAA no 55...

Pathogens in animal meal and the use of Salmex (R) in the elimination of Clostridium perfringens

Cardozo, M. V.; Schocken-Iturrino, R. P.; Beraldo-Massoli, M. C.; Cavani, R.; Casagrande, M. F.; Boarini, L.; Borges, C. A.; Beraldo, L. G.
Fonte: Academic Journals Publicador: Academic Journals
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3727-3731
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The microbiological quality of the ingredients used in feed production is extremely important for animal and public health because food can transmit pathogens. Chemical additives, such as Salmex (R), may be used to control these pathogens, since many sporulated microorganisms are resistant to conventional heat treatment. For these reasons, through the conventional bacteriological methods, this study evaluated the presence of pathogens in animal meal and tests the efficiency of additives to combat highly resistant microorganisms. Of the 180 samples of meal analyzed, 71 (39.4%) were positive for the presence of Clostridium perfringens, and 41 (22.8%) were positive for the presence of Salmonella spp. The additive tested, Salmex (R), was effective in eliminating C. perfringens, with significantly decreased bacterial counts 24 h after treatment and total absence of C. perfringens after five days of treatment in all the samples tested. The presence of the pathogens Salmonella spp. and C. perfringens in animal meal endanger both the public and animal health. The efficiency of Salmex (R) in eliminating C. perfringens is a major breakthrough for the poultry industry.

Surveillance, monitoring and reporting and contingency planning part of the National Aquatic Animal Health Management strategic plan for Sri Lanka

Marques, Ana Rita Pinheiro
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Implementing Aquatic Animal Health Management programs is of crucial importance to any country meaning to achieve and maintain the development and sustainability of their aquaculture sector. The initial approach to implementing an efficient Aquatic Animal Health Management program in Sri Lanka will rely on the development of two of its key components, namely aquatic animal disease surveillance, monitoring and reporting and the enhanced coordinated response to aquatic animal disease emergencies. The drafted framework for these two components was built upon the results from surveyed and consulted laboratories and institutions involved in aquatic animal health diagnostics and through two stakeholder meetings in order to achieve general consensus for the proposed components, focusing on maximizing the existing resources for cost efficiency. Initial drafting of a list of diseases of concern to Sri Lanka, concentrating on the diseases affecting major finfish and crustacean cultured species, and the proposed framework for a coordinated, joint approach to aquatic animal disease surveillance, monitoring and reporting will help to describe the aquatic animal disease profile in Sri Lanka, fulfilling international OIE reporting obligations while attempting to determine disease free status and the defining disease free zones...

Connection between Human and Animal Health

Lavrador, Catarina
Fonte: Journal of Cell Science and Therapy Publicador: Journal of Cell Science and Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
The strong connection between human and animal health. How far can we go with the One Health approach? The Zoobiquity revelation.

Contributo para a promoção da saúde e do bem-estar animal em instituições de abrigo

Cerqueira, Cristiana Ribeiro Esteves
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 04/06/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; A “Medicina de Abrigo” é uma área recente na Medicina Veterinária que integra conhecimentos médicos, higio-sanitários, ambientais e de gestão das populações animais mantidas em abrigos, com o objetivo de zelar pela saúde e bem-estar dos animais e das pessoas. Múltiplas razões socioeconómicas e culturais têm contribuído para um aumento da taxa de abandono de animais de companhia com o consequente incremento do número de animais que são diariamente acolhidos por instituições de abrigo e que aí permanecem durante períodos variáveis da sua vida enquanto aguardam adoção. Esta dinâmica de entradas e saídas de animais tende a criar cenários de elevada densidade animal que aumentam o risco de transmissão de doenças infeciosas e parasitárias, algumas das quais zoonoses. No presente estudo investigou-se a influência que características como a espécie animal, a raça e a idade exercem na escolha do animal no ato de adoção e consequentemente na duração da estadia no abrigo. 101 cães e 31 gatos adotados em 3 instituições de acolhimento animal foram acompanhados até 1 mês após a adoção. Durante o período de estudo 54,5% dos cães e 93...

Comparison of Milk Yield and Animal Health in Turkish Farms with Differing Stall Types and Resting Surfaces

Kara, Nurcan Karslioglu; Galic, Askin; Koyuncu, Mehmet
Fonte: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST) Publicador: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The current study was carried out to determine the influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield and animal health. Study was carried out in Bursa that is one of the most important cities of Turkey in terms of dairy production. Effects of resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield were found to be important. Also influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on lactation length was examined and found that rubber mats were different from the two other options. Relationships between different resting surfaces or stall types and health problems were examined and connection between stall type and repeat breeding (RB), dystocia, retained placenta and a connection between resting surface types and RB and clinical mastitis were found to be important. Considering their economic reflections, it can be said that results are quite important to the Turkish dairy industry.

People, Pathogens and Our Planet : The Economics of One Health

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
This study aims to build on the findings from the previously mentioned studies, and seeks to provide more detailed information on the costs of the various functions and categories of expenditure involved in the establishment and operation of system for the prevention and control of emerging zoonotic diseases at country and global level. It will also seek to provide information on efficiency and effectiveness gains that will result from the introduction of a One Health approach. With these aims, the study has two target audiences: (a) project planners, who will benefit from the information of the costs of setting up surveillance and control systems to be used as benchmarks when planning preparedness and control operations; and (b) policy planners at the decision-making level, who would use the information on the efficiency and effectiveness gains to guide them in the decision-making process regarding the eventual introduction of One Health. This report disaggregates costs by task, making explicit those activities that are critical for effectiveness and identifying scope for efficiencies. The analysis draws on a range of data sources and earlier work...

Animal and Pandemic Influenza : A Framework for Sustaining Momentum, Fifth Global Progress Report July 2010

UN System Influenza Coordination; World Bank
Fonte: New York: United Nations Publicador: New York: United Nations
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Global efforts continue to work towards ensuring a world capable of preventing, detecting, and responding to animal and public health risks attributable to zoonoses and animal diseases. Drawing on achievements and experiences of the past five years, the fifth global progress report was produced to support the discussions and to provide a record of key outcomes from international ministerial conference on animal and pandemic influenza (IMCAPI). This report presents a framework for sustaining momentum which was agreed by delegates at the April 2010 IMCAPI. The framework offers three streams of work that need sustained attention by national, regional, and global authorities despite the inevitable waning of public interest in pandemic-related issues. The three work streams are: (a) prevention and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), (b) adoption of one health approaches, and (c) readiness for response to influenza pandemics. For each, the framework envisages two expected outcomes and identifies the actions which contribute to these expected outcomes. It identifies the incentives and institutional arrangements needed to sustain momentum...

Reducing Climate-Sensitive Disease Risks

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Disease risks to humans, animals, and plants are determined by interconnected environmental variables that affect incidence, transmission, and outbreak. Climate change affects many of the environmental variables that lead to disease. Regardless of the species involved, the impacts can ultimately affect the health, livelihood, and economic security of humans. The objective of this World Bank economic and sector work is to build on scientific and operational knowledge of early action tools to help practitioners reduce the risks of key climate-sensitive infectious diseases by strengthening risk management systems for disease outbreaks. The report includes an assessment of known interventions such as the establishment of surveillance systems, the development of region and nation-specific disease outlooks, the creation of climate-sensitive disease risk maps, and the construction and implementation of early warning advisory systems. This research highlights the need for better understanding of the evolving interactions between the environment and emerging and reemerging disease pathogens. It also points to the inseparable interactions between animal health and human health...

People, Pathogens, and Our Planet : Volume One - Towards a One Health Approach for Controlling Zoonotic Diseases

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Whether living in urban or rural environments, humans tend to perceive the world around them as being shaped by culture and industry more than by natural history. Humans, however, are part of a biological continuum that covers all living species. Charles Darwin's 200th birthday in 2009 could serve to remind us of this. All animals, including humans but also plants, fungi, and bacteria, share the same basic biochemical principles of metabolism, reproduction, and development. Most pathogens can infect more than one host species, including humans. In 1964, veterinary epidemiologist Calvin Schwabe coined the term "one medicine" to capture the interrelatedness between animal and human health, and the medical realities of preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases or "zoonoses" -diseases that are communicable between animals and humans. One medicine signaled the recognition of the risks that zoonotic diseases pose to people, their food supplies, and their economies. Given the interrelatedness of human, animal...

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Operational Costs of Trade-Related Sanitary and Phytosanitary Activities

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Information derived from sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) surveillance and monitoring activities is an increasingly important requirement for market access and a crucial input for risk management and policymaking. This study report was undertaken with resources provided by the trade development facility multi donor trust fund to assist the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) in assessing minimum levels of public operational funding needed to expand surveillance and diagnostic activities related to the management of SPS risks in Lao PDR. It provides policy options and recommendations for expanding the scope of current SPS activities, and assessments of additional operational costs needed for sustainably performing the recommended expanded activities. This introductory chapter describes SPS activities in general and the growth of SPS capacities in Lao PDR. Chapter two describes the scope and methodology of the study. Chapter three presents a basic discussion of issues and broad estimates of costs of laboratories and testing. Chapters four-six discuss present activities undertaken in the areas of food safety...

Climate Change Impacts and Risks for Animal Health in Asia; Rev Sci Tech

Forman, S.; Hungerford, N.; Yamakawa, M.; Yanase, T.; Tsai, H. J.; Joo, Y. S.; Yang, D. K.; Nha, J. J.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Journal Article; Journal Article
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
The threat of climate change and global warming is now recognised worldwide and some alarming manifestations of change have occurred. The Asian continent, because of its size and diversity, may be affected significantly by the consequences of climate change, and its new status as a 'hub' of livestock production gives it an important role in mitigating possible impacts of climate variability on animal health. Animal health may be affected by climate change in four ways: heat-related diseases and stress, extreme weather events, adaptation of animal production systems to new environments, and emergence or re-emergence of infectious diseases, especially vector-borne diseases critically dependent on environmental and climatic conditions. To face these new menaces, the need for strong and efficient Veterinary Services is irrefutable, combined with good coordination of public health services, as many emerging human diseases are zoonoses. Asian developing countries have acute weaknesses in their Veterinary Services, which jeopardises the global surveillance network essential for early detection of hazards. Indeed, international cooperation within and outside Asia is vital to mitigating the risks of climate change to animal health in Asia.

Projecto educação pró-animal

Baptista, Diana Gomes
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 30/11/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; O Projecto Educação Pró-Animal é um projecto de educação sobre as aspectos do âmbito médico-veterinário (saúde e bem-estar animal e saúde pública veterinária), que tem como objectivo principal envolver os profissionais de saúde animal na sensibilização da população para a importância que a salvaguarda da saúde e bem-estar animal tem, para a promoção da saúde e bem-estar das pessoas. De forma a recolher informações sobre quais eram as áreas do âmbito médico-veterinários onde mais lacunas de informação existiam, foram aplicados a crianças do 6ºano de escolaridade, inquéritos com perguntas sobre 8 temas diferentes: “Como tratar os Animais de Companhia - Cães e Gatos”, “Como tratar os Animais de Companhia - Animais exóticos”, “Animais Selvagens”, “Espécies Pecuárias”, “Do prado ao prato”, “Animais abandonados”, “Zoonoses” e “Pragas urbanas”. As crianças do 6ºano eram de 8 concelhos/áreas de Portugal, de Norte a Sul de Portugal e Ilha do Pico, nomeadamente, por ordem cronológica (27 de Setembro de 2010 a 24 de Junho de 2011): Lousã, Oliveira do Hospital, Santiago do Cacém, Monchique, Portalegre, Porto...

Emerging animal viruses: real threats or simple bystanders?

Flores,Eduardo Furtado; Weiblen,Rudi; Cargnelutti,Juliana Felipetto; Bauermann,Fernando Viçosa; Spilki,Fernando Rosado; Mori,Enio; Franco,Ana Cláudia
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
The list of animal viruses has been frequently added of new members raising permanent concerns to virologists and veterinarians. The pathogenic potential and association with disease have been clearly demonstrated for some, but not for all of these emerging viruses. This review describes recent discoveries of animal viruses and their potential relevance for veterinary practice. Dogs were considered refractory to influenza viruses until 2004, when an influenza A virus subtype H3N8 was transmitted from horses and produced severe respiratory disease in racing greyhounds in Florida/USA. The novel virus, named canine influenza virus (CIV), is considered now a separate virus lineage and has spread among urban canine population in the USA. A new pestivirus (Flaviviridae), tentatively called HoBi-like pestivirus, was identified in 2004 in commercial fetal bovine serum from Brazil. Hobi-like viruses are genetically and antigenically related to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and induce similar clinical manifestations. These novel viruses seem to be widespread in Brazilian herds and have also been detected in Southeast Asia and Europe. In 2011, a novel mosquito-borne orthobunyavirus, named Schmallenberg virus (SBV), was associated with fever...

Understanding Environmental and Anthropogenic Drivers of Lemur Health in Madagascar: The Importance of a One Health Perspective

Barrett, Meredith Ann
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%

Anthropogenic effects on ecosystems have expanded in their scope and intensity, with significant consequences for global environmental, wildlife and human health. As human encroachment into wildlife habitat grows, habitat degradation and fragmentation intensify, leading to increased contact among wildlife, humans and domestic animals. Due to this increasing frequency of interaction, and the emergence of several high-profile diseases, global concern has grown over the risk of emerging infectious disease from zoonotic origins.

Due to Madagascar's rampant rate of human population growth and deforestation, its incredible species diversity, the widespread presence of domestic and invasive species, and its evolutionary isolation, it can be viewed as a high risk region for potential disease emergence. There is a need for assessment of the zoonotic and reverse zoonotic disease potential within this country.

To contribute to this assessment, consistent baseline health monitoring provides an effective tool for evaluating wildlife health and preparing for future disease occurrences. Limited, disconnected surveys of lemur health have occurred, yet there remained a need for more extensive, country-wide evaluations that also addresses invasive species...

The routine use of antibiotics to promote animal growth does little to benefit protein undernutrition in the developing world

Collignon, Peter; Wegener, Henrik C; Braam, Peter; Butler, Colin
Fonte: University of Chicago Press Publicador: University of Chicago Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Some persons argue that the routine addition of antibiotics to animal feed will help alleviate protein undernutrition in developing countries by increasing meat production. In contrast, we estimate that, if all routine antibiotic use in animal feed were ceased, there would be negligible effects in these countries. Poultry and pork production are unlikely to decrease by more than 2%. Average daily protein supply would decrease by no more than 0.1 g per person (or 0.2% of total protein intake). Eliminating the routine use of in-feed antibiotics will improve human and animal health, by reducing the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.