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Increasing intermodal transportation in Europe through realizing the value of short sea shipping

Tenekecioglu, Goksel
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 leaves; 5159220 bytes; 5162898 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.75%
This thesis describes the role of short sea shipping within the transportation network in the European Union. It examines the existence of externalities relating to congestion, infrastructure, air pollution, noise, and accidents in the transportation sector. It evaluates the level of these externalities and also their effects on the Community. It then explains current attempts to internalize these factors, or incorporate them into the cost of transportation that the user pays. It concludes that current efforts are lacking and do not produce the most beneficial situation for the citizens of Europe. Consequently, the thesis investigates other possible methods of internalization that may produce more advantageous results and analyzes their possible effects on the transportation sector. The value of short sea shipping is examined in regards to the previously mentioned externalities. It concludes that, with the exception of the emission of sulfur dioxide, maritime transportation outperforms other modes of transportation by producing relatively few external effects.; (cont.) The current status of the short sea shipping industry is then described, followed by a discussion of intermodal transportation and the initiative within the European Community to increase the use of intermodal transportation. Two case studies are then reviewed...

Analysis of Barriers to the Utility of General Aviation Based on a User Survey and Mode Choice Model

Downen, Troy; Hansman, R. John
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.68%
General aviation is an underutilized transportation mode, particularly when compared to alternative modes such as the automobile and the commercial airlines. In this research, barriers to the utility of general aviation were identified through a web-based survey of active general aviation pilots, with 1,471 surveys returned and suitable for analysis. The survey data indicated five key barriers which were thought by pilots to be currently reducing their ability to utilize general aviation transportation to its fullest extent: weather, expense of the travel mode, a lack of mobility at the destination, doorstep-to-destination travel time, and reduced access to general aviation transportation.; Raytheon Aircraft Company

Social change and cycling as a form of sustainable transportation : the behavior-policy interaction in a medium-sized developing city

Teich, Tegin L. (Tegin Leigh)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 198 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.81%
In developing countries, growth frequently parallels increasing motorization rates, and visions of mobility are often centered on the private automobile as the most flexible form of personal transportation and a symbol of increasing wealth. The pursuit of mobility in this form has severe social, environmental, and economic consequences, some of which can be mitigated by the promotion of alternative modes of transportation Cycling and other forms of human-powered transportation have benign environmental effects, improve physical health, and can positively affect the psychology of people who, by choosing this mode, are more active and spend time outside and engaged in their environment. Given these benefits, it not surprising that some medium-sized, developing cities are including cycling in their transportation plans.These cities experience significant barriers, however, in promoting cycling as a form of sustainable transportation. Much of the challenge involves effectively utilizing planning processes and tools, which are often imported and applied in a context where they were not designed to be used, to elicit more sustainable transportation behavior in the midst of rapid change. Solutions that come from these planning processes and tools (particularly infrastructure and other engineering- focused solutions) can be ineffective in promoting an alternative form of transportation.Addressing these shortcomings to elicit a change in behavior toward cycling as a form of sustainable transportation requires a new combination of planning tools and processes that can produce effective solutions.; (cont.) In this thesis...

The impact of assured supply inventory policies

Stanton, Daniel Jonathon
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 65 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.81%
A case study is presented of a successful quick serve fast food restaurant chain that uses inventory throughout the supply chain as a buffer against uncertainty in supply and demand. This is a common operational strategy in many industries, but it limits options for the supply chain to become more agile, adaptable, and aligned to the dynamic needs of the enterprise. Trade-offs between transportation and holding costs are illustrated. The drawbacks of assuring supply by maintaining inventory at the distribution center level are discussed. Supply chain alternatives are presented including lateral transfers, forward warehouses, alternative modes of transportation, and multiple suppliers. An analytical approach is presented which provides a total relevant supply chain cost at the distribution center level. The approach is illustrated in the decision between two alternative transportation modes with different average lead times, lead time variabilities, and transportation costs.; by Daniel Jonathon Stanton.; Thesis (M. Eng. in Logistics)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Engineering Systems Division, 2008.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 61-63).

Proposta de um método de análise da viabilidade dos modais para o transporte do carro de combate VBC Leopard 1A5BR

Lima, Luiz Cesar dos Santos
Fonte: Ponta Grossa Publicador: Ponta Grossa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
The National Mobilization is a set of activities that aims to enable Brazil to plan and execute actions in the field of National Defence toensure the security and sovereignty of the country. When it is ordered by the state organs that are part of the System of National Defense must be prepared and equipped to execute its functions. The Brazilian Army, one of these agencies, in 2006, purchased 250 armored combat vehicles, of which 216 to be distributed among their cavalry units in Brazil. The aim of this study is to present the best alternative transportation logistics to carry these tanks in a military organization, from a given scenario, with lower cost and / or time. To achieve the goal consultations through interviews and correspondence with experts in transport, military transport and armored vehicles. The consultations allowed to define the main advantages and disadvantages of transportation modes and factors relevant to transport armored vehicles, permitting the formulation of the transport network and development of an instrument feasibility of transportation modes (check list) to be applied to routes of transport. A problem of transporting armored vehicles, from a hypothetical scenario, was solved by a mathematical model with the objective of minimizing cost or time. It was concluded that the mathematical model is a tool that can aid decision making in the transport of armored vehicles...

Introducing Behavioral Change in Transportation into Energy/Economy/Environment Models

Schafer, Andreas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Transportation is vital to economic and social development, but at the same time generates undesired consequences on local, regional, and global scales. One of the largest challenges is the mitigation of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, to which this sector already contributes one-quarter globally and one-third in the United States. Technology measures are the prerequisite for drastically mitigating energy use and all emission species, but they are not sufficient. The resulting need for complementing technology measures with behavioral change policies contrasts sharply with the analyses carried out by virtually all energy / economy / environment (E3) models, given their focus on pure technology-based solutions. This paper addresses the challenges for E3 models to simulate behavioral changes in transportation. A survey of 13 major models concludes that especially hybrid energy models would already be capable of simulating some behavioral change policies, most notably the imposition of the full marginal societal costs of transportation. Another survey of major macroscopic transportation models finds that key specifications required for simulating behavioral change have already been implemented and tested...

Trade in International Maritime Services : How Much Does Policy Matter?

Fink, Carsten; Mattoo, Carsten; Neagu, Ileana Cristina
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
Maritime transport costs significantly impede international trade. This article examines why these costs are so high in some countries and quantifies the importance of two explanations: restrictive trade policies and private anticompetitive practices. It finds that both matter, but the latter have a greater impact. Trade liberalization and the breakup of private carrier agreements would lead to an average of one-third lower liner transport prices and to cost savings of up to US dollar 3 billion on goods carried to the United States alone. The policy implications are clear: there is a need not only for further liberalization of government policy but also for strengthened international disciplines on restrictive business practices. The authors propose an approach to developing such disciplines in the current round of services negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The Trade-Reducing Effects of Restrictions on Liner Shipping

Bertho, Fabien; Borchert, Ingo; Mattoo, Aaditya
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
This paper examines how policy governing the liner shipping sector affects maritime transport costs and seaborne trade flows. The paper uses a novel data set and finds that restrictions, particularly on foreign investment, increase maritime transport costs, strongly but unevenly. The cost-inflating effect ranges from 24 to 50 percent and trade on some routes may be inhibited altogether. Distance increases maritime transport costs, but also attenuates the cost impact of policy barriers. Overall, policy restrictions may lower trade flows on specific routes by up to 46 percent and therefore deserve greater attention in national reform programs and international trade negotiations.

Formulating an Urban Transport Policy : Choosing between Options

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
As the developing world rapidly urbanizes, the demands on transport systems also grow often at a faster pace than the population. Given the above tendency, an effective and coordinated approach to urban transport requires that sound policies be put into place. Such policies enunciate the direction that a government wants to take; they lay the basic framework for downstream planning as well as project identification and prioritization. This document policy lays out the guiding principles for more detailed downstream planning. The objective of this guideline is to improve mobility, environmental quality, universal access, safety, and energy security of any urban transport policy. This guidebook is intended to be a practical support for formulating urban transport policies at the national, provincial, and local levels. To this end, it highlights some of the important issues that arise when creating an urban transport policy. The report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two presents a framework of possible actions...

Disaster Risk Management in the Transport Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
Natural hazards regularly impact the performance of transport systems and their ability to provide safe, reliable, efficient, and accessible means of transport for all citizens, especially in emergency situations. Despite the frequency of natural hazards, and the threat of more extreme and variable weather as a result of climate change, there is still no systematic approach to addressing natural disasters in the transport sector and there is little knowledge that has been disseminated on this topic. This report offers a framework for understanding the principles of resilience in transport. It provides practical examples, gathered from an extensive secondary literature review and interviews, of the measures that transport professional can implement in transport projects.

Short sea shipping : barriers, incentives and feasibility of truck ferry

Darcy, Joseph.
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 146 p. : col. ill.
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.71%
CIVINS; Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Many problems plague the United States' transportation infrastructure: congestion, poor roadway conditions, obsolescence, and maintenance cost not the least among these. In recent years, the Department of Transportation, through its Maritime Administration (MARAD), has begun a program for partial solution to this complex transportation issue. MARAD, acting on tasks assigned to it in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, has established the Marine Highways Initiative to spur development of alternative and supplemental transportation modes that utilize inland waterways and coastlines of the United States. At the same time, the U.S. Department of Defense is investigating ways to fulfill its sealift requirements, while at the same time reducing its inventory of government owned vessels that do not trade. This paper explores the issues surrounding the current state of transportation and transportation infrastructure. It also seeks to determine the feasibility of a truck ferry that would accomplish both MARAD's Marine Highway as well as the Department of Defense's sealift goals. The feasibility study examines the hypothetical business' profitability through different funding and operating scenarios. The analysis also sets a framework for other studies by using open-source data to determine freight flows...

A Policy Framework for Green Transportation in Georgia : Achieving Reforms and Building Infrastructure for Sustainability

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
The Government of Georgia is considering options for reducing fossil fuel imports in favor of introducing large scale use of domestic energy sources for public and private transportation. However, this must be considered within the overall context of green transportation-which will generate benefits well beyond the substitution of fossil fuels with domestic energy sources. The concept of green transportation has emerged in response to growing concerns about climate change; typically this refers to a transportation system characterized by low carbon emissions, i.e., Green House Gasses (GHG). In the context of Georgia, two other important development issues in green transportation in addition to GHG emissions are fossil fuel consumption and air pollution. For the purpose of this study, therefore, green transportation in Georgia refers to reducing the intensity of fossil fuel use and increasing reliance on indigenous energy sources (mainly hydropower), as well as minimizing adverse impacts on the global and local environment through reduced emissions of GHG and local pollutants. Greening transportation will create 'co-benefits': reducing fossil fuel use will help improve the balance of trade and energy security; and employing measures to avoid unnecessary trips and using fewer vehicles for the same number of trips (i.e....

Uruguay - Policy Options for Improving the Efficiency of Uruguay’s Railway Sector : Consolidated Report; Uruguay - Infrastructura informe de politica de desarrollo (DPR)

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR)
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
The aim of this paper is to review the state of the productive infrastructure of Uruguay and the development policies that govern it and to propose policy options for the long term contribution to achieving a higher level of economic and sustainable development, based on the premise that there is a link between the development of a country's infrastructure and its economic growth. The study analyzes the institutions and pertinent regulations. The study examines in greater depth the factors related to infrastructure production that affect the country in a quantum leap in economic growth. The first study concludes that while no one can assert that the sectors of Uruguay's electricity and transportation are inefficient, there are potential sectoral gains. The policy options have been framed by strategic pillars for each sector and can be summarized as follows: Increase the capacity of transport infrastructure and land ports. Maximize efficiency in providing service transport. Strengthen efficient allocation of resources through a multimodal vision. Improve efficiency and regulation. Position as a logistics center in Uruguay the MERCOSLJR. Therefore...

Brazil : Evaluating the Macroeconomic and Distributional Impacts of Lowering Transportation Costs

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: General Economy, Macroeconomics and Growth Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.03%
This report is designed to provide policymakers with estimates of the likely outcomes of an array of potential changes in transportation sector policy. To this end, the report uses a variety of economy-wide models to simulate alternative cost reductions and efficiency improvements. A detailed discussion of the various policies that may yield efficiency gains and cost reductions, as well as the specifics of their implementation, is beyond the scope of the report. The report is structured to move from a general description of Brazil's transportation sector to more specific analyses and simulations of individual and concerted changes. The first chapter sets the stage by providing a summary discussion of Brazil's transportation sector that includes both an overview of its historical development and a look at the recent evolution of government policies. In the second chapter, the fiscal and economic effects of shifts in public investment between alternative and competing transportation modes (roads, railroads...

How Relevant Is Infrastructure to Growth in East Asia?

Seethepalli, Kalpana; Bramati, Maria Caterina; Veredas, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
This paper seeks to shed some light on the extent to which infrastructure sub-sectors - energy, telecommunications, water supply, sanitation, and transport - contributed to growth in East Asia during 1985-2004. It also attempts to provide additional insights on whether the relationship between infrastructure and growth depends on five additional variables: the degree of private participation in infrastructure, the quality of governance, the extent of rural-urban inequality in access to infrastructure services, country income levels, as well as geography. The findings show that greater stocks of infrastructure were indeed associated with higher growth. However, a more nuanced look at the sensitivity of infrastructure impacts on the five additional variables yields different results, with some sectors supporting conventional expectations and others yielding mixed or counter-intuitive results. In particular, the telecom and sanitation sectors yield statistically significant results supporting the a priori hypotheses; electricity and water infrastructure provide mixed results; and road infrastructure consistently contradicts a priori expectations. The results are consistent with the widely-accepted idea in policy research that infrastructure plays an important role in promoting growth...

Belarus : Transport Sector Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
The transport sector is an important economic sector in Belarus, contributing 6.7 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2008 and 6.6 percent in 2009. Belarus has been a net exporter of practically all modes of transport services. The country serves as a transit transport corridor between the European Union (EU) and Russia and potentially between the EU and Asia; thus, the strategic geographical location of Belarus places the country on two of the Pan-European corridors that the EU has committed to promote. In addition to a high geographical concentration of international trade, the trade patterns for specific commodity groups are also concentrated in Belarus. A relatively small number of industrial producers and main export companies dominate the market and generate a corresponding transport demand. The trade logistics environment in Belarus has been improving in many areas. The evolution of freight and passenger transport markets shows that freight traffic movements have grown in line with GDP. Belarus does have the equivalent of a National Transport Strategy and Action Plan. The program for ensuring efficient use of transit potential of the Republic of Belarus for 2006 - 2010...

Mobilidade urbana em Campinas : análise do espaço de circulação; Urban mobility in Campinas : analysis of circulation space

Francisco Bryan
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.68%
Esta dissertação tem por objetivo realizar uma análise do da mobilidade urbana da cidade de Campinas - SP sob o ponto de vista de seu processo de urbanização e seu sistema de circulação. Com este fim, será estudado a estrutura atual do sistema de transporte público e como este se relaciona com o processo temporal de crescimento e desenvolvimento urbano. Composto por diversos períodos significativos (que são abordados de maneira distinta entre os estudiosos do assunto), tal processo será objeto de reflexão crítica utilizando como método a análise geográfica de circulação. Pretende-se debater o processo de crescimento e estruturação da área urbana do ponto de vista da Geografia com relação aos sistemas de circulação urbana, de modo a compreender melhor a dinâmica da questão do transporte público na cidade. Para tanto, é necessário compreender como se deu e como se dá a distribuição espacial dos principais eixos de circulação utilizados pela população a partir do transporte público a fim de subsidiar propostas para a melhoria de sua circulação pelo espaço urbano, considerando principalmente as pessoas que mais necessitam deste transporte, e, portanto, de políticas públicas que priorizem esta parcela da população. O objetivo do trabalho...

The development of short sea shipping in the United States : a dynamic alternative

Connor, Peter H. (Peter Harold)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 150 p.; 10050219 bytes; 10056511 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.61%
Current projections show that U.S. international trade is expected to reach nearly two billion tons by 2020, approximately double today's level. With such a large forecasted growth in trade coming through the United States and growing problems associated with highway congestion, air pollution, and national security, building short sea shipping networks will be difficult, but possible, and potentially of great benefit to the nation. By bringing together shipping providers, customers, and with support from the federal government, short sea shipping can become a reality. This paper outlines the need for a change in our maritime transportation system. It takes a look at the current uses of short sea shipping in the United States as well as the system used in Europe. The technology associated with this concept is described and high-speed vessel design is investigated. Issues relating to the integration of short sea shipping are brought to light, including customer requirements, capital financing, and government policy. A computer-based simulation model calculates a total cost analysis for two modes of transporting goods, trucking and short sea shipping. The model is applied to a group of products of different size, weight, and value.; (cont.) The quantitative results of the model show that in most cases...

Transportation choices : can social marketing make a difference?

Sorell, Miriam Lydia
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 121 p.; 6836840 bytes; 6843195 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.71%
In the US, automobile use is responsible for 25% of air pollution, resulting in health and respiratory problems, and increasing the likelihood of climate change. In order to limit these negative impacts of automobile use, governmental bodies and transportation agencies employ a number of different strategies including changes in transportation policy, infrastructure, and technology. Marketing and advertising campaigns represent another strategy which is used extensively, but which has not been thoroughly evaluated. This thesis investigates how to develop marketing campaigns that will encourage people to voluntarily switch to alternative modes of transportation such as walking, biking, or using transit. The field of Social Marketing provides valuable insight into how marketing and promotional strategies can be used more generally to encourage the adoption of behavior changes that benefit health, the environment, and the social condition; a model of the Social Marketing process and principles is assembled and used to evaluate three examples of transportation marketing campaigns in the US: San Francisco's "Spare the Air" campaign, the Chicago Transit Authority's New Residents program, and the federal "It All Adds Up to Cleaner Air" campaign. While the specific campaigns vary greatly in terms of the tactics they employ...

Case Study: Multiple Objective Analysis of Intermodal Freight Transportation Routes for REI’s Inbound Logistics

Kitazume, Koji
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 07/12/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
Nowadays, many logistics managers confront tradeoffs among keeping costs low, delivering goods on time and reducing carbon footprint. In shipping finished goods from a manufacturing plant in Asia to a distribution center in the eastern United States, how should a logistics manager define and choose his preferred route and modes of transportation, taking into account the potentially conflicting priorities? This study explored a case of REI, an outdoor apparel brand/retailer, facing such a decision-making question regarding its inbound logistics from the Port of Shanghai to its distribution center in Bedford, Pennsylvania and approached it as a multiple objective problem. 15 possible intermodal freight transportation routes with different attributes in terms of shipping costs, transit time and greenhouse gas emissions were identified and associated data were collected. The preferred route was derived by employing a simple additive model of preferences, using a pricing out method to assess tradeoff weights and computing the overall utility of each alternative. This framework quantified and visualized how the logistics manager’s choice is affected by his preferences and the tradeoffs he is willing to make, thereby demonstrating its potential as a practical aid for decision-making at the intersection of business and the environment. Accuracy of the model used in this study could be improved by addressing uncertain data and omitted scope. Furthermore...