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Viabilidade econômica de fontes alternativas de energia para uma comunidade rural típica da região nordeste do Brasil; ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES FOR A TYPICAL COMMUNITY OF THE NORTHEAST REGION OF BRAZIL

Vanni, Silvia Regina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2008 PT
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O governo brasileiro com seu programa Luz para Todos tem como desafio acabar com a exclusão elétrica das comunidades rurais do país. Outra preocupação é a respeito da falta de abastecimento de energia, previsto para os próximos anos. No entanto, uma vez atendidas estas demandas há uma tendência de minimizar a exclusão elétrica no país, principalmente em regiões isoladas onde vivem as famílias de baixa renda. Este trabalho tem o objetivo de apresentar um estudo de viabilidade econômica de fontes alternativas de energia para comunidades isoladas do Nordeste brasileiro que não têm acesso à energia elétrica. Inicialmente foi feito um levantamento bibliográfico da utilização das fontes alternativas de energia propostas neste trabalho: eólica, solar e biomassa, que podem ser usadas para suprir a falta de energia elétrica na região do Nordeste do Brasil. Numa segunda etapa foi escolhido o estado Maranhão, pois se tem informações suficientes desta região para aplicar a metodologia proposta no trabalho. A partir desta escolha foi construído um banco de dados com as características típicas da região para as comunidades que possuem entre 1.000 a 10.000 habitantes. Finalmente, foi elaborado um programa de cálculo denominado de PEASEB (Programa de Cálculo de Custos das Energias Alternativas Solar...

Em busca de uma arquitetura sustentável: o uso de fontes alternativas de energia; In search of a sustainable architecture: the use of alternative sources of energy

Pinto, Carolina Ferreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2009 PT
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A atual situação de degradação ambiental tem sido muito discutida nos últimos anos. Um dos principais fatores agravantes dessa situação é a crescente demanda energética e suas atuais formas de produção. O petróleo, matriz energética mundial, é altamente poluente, e um combustível finito com o preço sempre crescente. A energia elétrica brasileira está baseada nas hidrelétricas, considerada fonte de energia limpa e renovável, porém o custo ambiental para sua construção é bem alto. Atualmente já existem tecnologias alternativas que podem servir essa crescente demanda energética sem prejudicar o meio ambiente. Na arquitetura, como em todas as áreas, houve um aumento com preocupação, e o estudo sobre o desempenho energético das edificações para reduzir a demanda de energia se tornou um assunto em pauta. Medidas e soluções estão sendo tomadas na decisão dos projetos mais sustentáveis. Mas para isso, o profissional deve estar atento às novas tecnologias alternativas de produção e distribuição de energia. Quando em um projeto é considerado o uso de fontes alternativas e o uso de técnicas de iluminação e ventilação natural, pode-se economizar não só nas despesas direcionadas para as fornecedoras de energia...

Cálculo de viabilidade econômica de fontes alternativas de energia considerando os seus custos ambientais para pequenas comunidades da região nordeste brasileira; Calculation of economic viability of alternative energy sources considering its environmental costs for small communities of northeast Brazil

Stecher, Luiza Chourkalo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/02/2014 PT
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A atual problemática ambiental provocada pela atividade humana tem ganhado destaque na sociedade, à medida que se busca o desenvolvimento mundial. Um fator de extrema relevância neste cenário é a produção de energia elétrica, responsável por uma grande parcela das emissões causadoras do efeito estufa. Por conta disso, é preciso pensar em um desenvolvimento sustentável, com fontes alternativas de energia atrativas para esse objetivo, principalmente em localidades não abastecidas pela rede convencional de eletricidade, como é o caso de muitas comunidades da região nordeste brasileira. Assim, esse trabalho tem por objetivos calcular o custo ambiental, na fase de geração de eletricidade, para as fontes alternativas de energia solar, eólica e biomassa e estimar a viabilidade econômica dessas fontes em pequenas comunidades da região Nordeste do Brasil, considerando os custos evitados. É preciso identificar as externalidades e valorá-las de forma adequada para que os custos ou benefícios possam ser internalizados e reflitam de forma correta a viabilidade ou inviabilidade econômica dessas fontes. Para os objetivos propostos, adotou-se o método dos custos evitados para o cálculo das externalidades. Essa variável foi incluída no equacionamento desenvolvido para todas as fontes de energia alternativas consideradas. Foram feitos os cálculos de viabilidade econômica...

Heat loss by the Earth, geothermal energy and geothermal Heat pumps

Duque, Maria Rosa
Fonte: 4th International Congress on Energy and Environment Engineering and Management Publicador: 4th International Congress on Energy and Environment Engineering and Management
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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Geothermal energy is often labeled as renewable and sustainable. It is listed together with solar, wind and biomass as alternative energy options in governmental R& D programs. The temperature in the Earth’s interior increases with depth. This fact is responsible for the heat flow, from the interior to the surface. Heat loss through the Earth was calculated using heat flow density values obtained in continents and oceans. The result obtained [1] for the total heat loss is 46± 2 TW. Heat loss through continents is 14 TW. The direct use of geothermal energy dates back thousands of years when people began using hot springs for bathing and cooking. Today, geothermal energy can be used to generate electricity or directly in many applications. Worldwide direct utilizations of geothermal energy in 2005 was [2] 273372TJ/year, of which 32% were obtained through geothermal heat pumps. At this time, the equivalent annual savings in fuel oil amounts to 170 million barrels and 24 million tons in carbon emissions to the atmosphere. Since 2005, the use of geothermal heat pumps has been wide in both residential and commercial buildings, due to the attractive advantages of high efficiency and environmental friendliness. Geothermal heat pumps are similar to ordinary heat pumps...

Institutional analysis of energy provision in housing : a preliminary exploration

Reamer, Andrew; Nutt-Powell, Thomas Evan; Heim, Steven
Fonte: MIT Energy Laboratory Publicador: MIT Energy Laboratory
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 2848835 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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This paper, one of a series resulting from institutional analysis of photovoltaic (PV) acceptance, provides preliminary exploration of the energy industry in relation to energy provision in the residential sector. It is based on theoretical formulations and utilizes methods of institutional analysis developed in an earlier paper in this series. Seven institutional functions -- production, financing, regulation, political, research, service and socialization -- are reviewed as to the manner in which they are performed in the energy industry. The structure of the energy industry is described, as is the regulatory web within which its financial decisions are made and its operations conducted. The persistent and increasing activity of all levels of government in determining the practices of the energy industry is dis- cussed. The research section identifies recent efforts to develop alternative energy sources. The services section especially emphasizes the delivery of energy to residences, while the discussion of the social- ization function highlights the ways in which attitudes on energy availability and use are developed.; Prepared under Dept. of Energy Contract no. EX-76-A-01-2295, Task order no.37.

Power and People : The Benefits of Renewable Energy in Nepal

Banerjee, Sudeshna Ghosh; Singh, Avjeet; Samad, Hussain
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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A large section of the Nepalese population is deprived of electricity coverage despite huge hydropower potential, particularly in rural areas. About 63 percent of Nepalese households lack access to electricity and depend on oil-based or renewable energy alternatives. The disparity in access is stark, with almost 90 percent of the urban population connected, but less than 30 percent of the rural population. Nepal has about 83,000 MW of economically exploitable resources, but only 650 MW have been developed so far. This study has been designated to organize an evaluation system that measures the impact of micro-hydro installations on rural livelihoods and to establish a monitoring system for Alternative Energy Promotion Center (APEC) to continually measure the results of the results of the renewable energy programs against the targets.

Options for a Low Carbon Energy Future in Morocco

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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Morocco s economy is growing rapidly in all its sectors (tourism, agriculture, industry , etc.) Consequently, the energy demand has been increasing steadily in the period 2003-2007 when primary energy demand rose by 5% per annum and electricity demand by 8% per annum. At the request of the World Bank Group, this study was launched having 3 main objectives: An analysis of the current characteristics of energy supply and demand, the assessment of the energy strategy of Morocco for the coming years, and then a development of an alternative energy scenario with low carbon energies. Beicip-Franlab has established a detailed energy balance of Morocco on the basis ofMoroccan and international studies already conducted on the energy sector of Morocco as well as on well known databases like IEA ones.For the period 2009-2030, Morocco has defined an energy strategy which was presented during the first Assises de l Energie organized in March 2009. An assessment of this strategy considering both energy and environmental criteria will be presented in order to be compared with the business as usual scenario.Finally an alternative scenario is proposed. Based on an intensive introduction ofrenewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE)...

Energy and the economy (the economic impact of alternative energy supply-demand assumptions)

Kaufman, Alvin; Daly, Barbara; Farb, Warren E; Farb, Warren E. ( joint author ); Daly, Barbara ( joint author ); United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. -- Subcommittee on Energy and Power; Library of Congress
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v, 30 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1978 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; At head of title: 95th Congress, 2d session. Committee print 95-51.; CIS Microfiche Accession Numbers: CIS 78 H502-18; At head of title: 95th Congress, 2d session. Committee print. Committee print 95-51.; Issued Apr. 1978.; Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from LexisNexis Academic & Library Solutions.; (Statement of Responsibility) [by Alvin Kaufman, Warren E. Farb, and Barbara Daly] ; prepared at the request of John D. Dingell, Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy and Power, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, United States House of Representatives by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.

Assessment of dry residual biomass potential for use as alternative energy source in the party of General Pueyrredon, Argentina

Roberts, Justo Jose; Cassula, Agnelo Marotta; Prado, Pedro Osvaldo; Dias, Rubens Alves; Perrella Balestieri, Jose Antonio
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 568-583
ENG
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 2013/07287-3; The present article assesses the residual biomass availability and its energy potential in the Party of General Pueyrredon, a region located southeast of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. These were considered herbaceous and vegetable residues derived from the agricultural activity developed in the region, and forest residues resulting from the pruning of urban trees and garden maintenance. The estimates were based on statistical information of the 2011-2012 harvest and a series of parameters obtained from an extensive literature review. The calculations resulted in an availability of residual biomass of 204,536 t/year, implying an energy potential of 2605 TJ/year. If this biomass is used to generate electricity, it could supply 76,000 users from Mar del Plata city, the largest consumer center in the region. If the same available biomass is used for heat generation, 25,160 users could be supplied by the available residual biomass. The authors concluded that the residual biomass energy potential is significant in the studied region...

Fossil fuels, alternative energy and economic growth

Barreto, R.A.
Fonte: EcoMod Press Publicador: EcoMod Press
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2015 EN
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We present a theoretical framework that incorporates energy within an endogenous growth model. The model explicitly allows for the interaction and substitution between fossil fuels, defined as a non-renewable resource derived from some fixed initial stock, and alternative energy, defined as renewable resource whose production requires capital input. The dynamics of the model depict a unique balance growth to a saddle point. The consumption path temporarily peaks, when fossil fuels are plentiful and cheap, followed by a fall, as fossil fuel become more scarce and alternative energy production has yet to take over, until finally the steady state is reached where alternative energy production fuels the entire economy. The model depicts a sort of energy rich heyday when fossil fuels are plentiful and cheap. As oil stocks fall, alternative energy sources become increasingly more viable until a time when alternative energy has almost completed replaced oil. Graphically, the model generates a hump in the growth path of consumption such that a short run “peak oil” heyday may be compared to the long run renewable energy dependent steady state.; Raul A. Barreto

The Time-Inconsistency of Alternative Energy Policy

D'ARTIGUES, Agnès; PERCEBOIS, Jacques; VIGNOLO, Thierry
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
EN
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Time-inconsistency can arise when a government attempts to convince private sector to use a particular alternative energy (gas, green electricity...) rather than petroleum products. By introducing taxes and feed-in prices, a government would encourage firms and households to switch to an alternative energy rather than use petroleum products. However, even if a government is in favor of increasing alternative energy consumption, it can benefit from considerable financial resources resulting from petroleum product consumption. As a result of these conflicting issues, the private sector may not find the alternative energy policy credible, which prevents the government to implement a socially efficient policy

Powering up Australia's future

Simpson, George
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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This report seeks to explore the costs associated with redefining current methods of energy production and the fuelling of Australia's transportation system. An analysis of current methods clearly outlines the dire need for change. However, care must be taken in the transition to alternative energy sources so as not to merely shift environmental impacts to a new quarter of the environment. Many alternative energies carry with them their own environmental, economic and social costs - these need to be identified so their consequences can be mitigated. Chapter I outlines the background to the global warming debate and introduces the problem statement of the paper. Through a brief exploration of the opposing arguments of global warming and its causes this paper resolves itself to the position that whether or not our current activities contribute to global warming they are clearly damaging on a number of levels and need ratification. The problem statement defines this issue and pushes for a serious investigation into any replacement of our current energy production system so as to mitigate any new associated costs. A brief examination of the two chosen alternative energy sources, ethanol fuel and nuclear energy...

Fighting Poverty through Decentralized Renewable Energy : Energy SME Conference, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Decentralized energy services remain at the forefront in the fight against poverty. Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) are driving this effort to provide an alternative to state-owned utilities and other large energy providers in poor and developing countries. SMEs allow entrepreneurs to provide alternative energy supply in remote and rural areas while also providing jobs, lowering energy costs, and reducing carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions. The document provided a forum to discuss the specific role of SMEs in the energy sectors of Cambodia and Lao people's democratic Republic and establish a blueprint for SME involvement in alternative energy products and services in other countries.

Energy Access and Productive Uses for the Urban Poor : Final Report on Ghana Scoping Study

The Energy and Resources Institute
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The aim of the scoping study was to gain an understanding of the productive activities slum dwellers engage in that rely on energy services and the potentials and challenges of slums in Ghana regarding access to modern energy services and income generation from productive activities. The objective of the ESMED-EAfUP (Energy Sector Management Assistance Program - ESMAP/SME Development - Energy Access for the Urban Poor) programme is 'to create and sustain a network of energy practitioners to support development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) as users and providers of modern energy services for slum upgrading programs.'. Using ability to adopt safer and modern energy forms as a criterion in assessing the effective deployment of safer and modern energy forms, the study concluded that the high propensity to save is an opportunity for their deployment if they can be sensitized about the benefits of using modern energy forms, which many of the slum dwellers are not aware of. Most enterprise owners could also capitalize on the credit policies of the financial institutions they saved with to adopt the modern energy forms. Lack of education and limited awareness about the benefits of using clean...

Household Energy Access for Cooking and Heating : Lessons Learned and the Way Forward

Ekouevi, Koffi; Tuntivate, Voravate
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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Half of humanity about 3 billion people are still relying on solid fuels for cooking and heating. Of that, about 2.5 billion people depend on traditional biomass fuels (wood, charcoal, agricultural waste, and animal dung), while about 400 million people use coal as their primary cooking and heating fuel (UNDP and WHO 2009). The majority of the population relying on solid fuels lives in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South Asia. In some countries in Central America and in East Asia and the Pacific, the use of solid fuels is also significant. The inefficient and unsustainable production and use of these fuels result in a significant public health hazard, as well as negative environmental impacts that keep people in poverty. Strategies to improve energy access to the poor have focused mainly on electricity access. They have often neglected non electricity household energy access. It is, however, estimated that about 2.8 billion people will still depend on fuel wood for cooking and heating in 2030 in a business-as-usual modus operandi (IEA 2010). The need for urgent interventions at the household level to provide alternative energy services to help improve livelihoods is becoming more and more accepted. This report's main objective is to conduct a review of the World Bank's financed operations and selected interventions by other institutions on household energy access in an attempt to examine success and failure factors to inform the new generation of upcoming interventions. First...

The Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Practitioners' Roundtable

Energy Sector Management Assistance Program
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Cities represent a major contributor of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. According to the United Nations Population Fund,1 half of the world's population now lives in cities and is responsible for 75% of global energy use and GHG emissions. Since the world's population will continue to grow, and rapid urbanization will continue particularly in the developing world, tackling climate change issues in the urban context will be essential. In response to these challenges, the World Bank's Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), in cooperation with the Bank?s Finance Economics and Urban Department (FEU), has launched an Energy Efficient Cities Initiative, which is designed to help mainstream and scale-up sustainable energy and climate change mitigation actions and investments in the urban context. The first activity proposed under this Initiative is the Energy Efficient Cities Practitioners Roundtable, a facilitated discussion cohosted by ESMAP and FEU. The purpose of this event was to bring together client cities and partner organizations to investigate ongoing initiatives and programs to support cities' sustainable energy goals needs and develop an Energy Efficient Cities Action Plan that will outline a vision and subsequent actions to be taken under the Initiative. The event took place at the Washington DC offices of the World Bank...

Algoritmo de control de energía para vehículo móvil basado en energías alternativas; Control algorithm of energy for mobile vehicle based alternative energy

Uscátegui Bernal, Daniela del Pilar; Ramos Sandoval, Olga Lucia
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Ingeniería en Mecatrónica Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Ingeniería en Mecatrónica
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
SPA
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En el siguiente trabajo se presenta el diseño, simulación y prueba de un algoritmo de control de energía para un vehículo que funcione con energías alternativas, el cual garantizará la energía suficiente para realizar un recorrido determinado por el usuario. El vehículo con el que se trabajó en este caso, está compuesto por un panel solar, dos motorreductores, dos ruedas principales y una secundaria. El algoritmo de control se diseñó y simuló con ayuda del software de desarrollo de sistemas NI LabVIEW® y el circuito de conmutación en Proteus. Adicionalmente se presentan los datos de la caracterización del panel en función a la radiación sensada y los resultados de la implementación del algoritmo; las cuales determinan que con una eficiencia del panel solar de 11.56% y radiación variable entre 1 y 2 kWh/m2 (radiación normal en Bogotá) se podrá tener un tiempo útil de carga de aproximadamente 1 h 15 min, energía suficiente para realizar recorridos de hasta 2.26 Km; éstos resultados varían de acuerdo al tamaño y carga de los motores del vehículo con el que se pruebe el algoritmo. Adicionalmente se incluye el diseño de un sistema de carga de respaldo, que se activa cuando el panel no tiene la suficiente potencia para recargar la batería.; In the following report is presented design...

The Viability and desirability of alternative energy sources exploring the controversy over nuclear power /

Diaz Maurin, François
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG; ENG
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Esta tesis doctoral proporciona un giro alternativo en dos temas relacionados: la energética de las sociedades humanas (el enfoque), y el uso de la energía nuclear para producir electricidad (el tema). En primer lugar, en relación a los aspectos teóricos, proporciona procedimientos alternativos basados en una nueva formulación de la energética para generar un análisis eficaz de la energética de las sociedades humanas. En segundo lugar, en relación con la aplicación práctica, se realiza una evaluación integrada de la energía nuclear sobre la base de una representación alternativa del "sistema de la energía nuclear" con el objetivo de garantizar la calidad de la evaluación de la energía nuclear, tanto en el lado descriptivo como en el lado normativo. De este modo, el presente trabajo tiene la intención de mejorar la calidad de las discusiones científicas sobre los problemas de suministro de energía, y al mismo tiempo, comprender mejor los problemas sistémicos asociados con el uso a gran escala de la energía nuclear. En los últimos años, el renovado interés de la comunidad científica sobre los problemas de suministro de energía se convierte en una desesperada búsqueda de fuentes alternativas de energía. Sin embargo...

Expanding alternative energy in North Carolina: A tool for educating the public

Eggers, Kathryn
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' Project Formato: 764811 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2007 EN_US
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Interest in improving energy efficiency and expanding renewable energy are gaining momentum around the country and North Carolina is no exception. The state legislature is currently considering several bills to encourage development of these alternatives to traditional coal and nuclear power plants and the North Carolina Utilities Commission has hosted several public hearings on the topic during the past year. Additionally, more than a dozen environmental, health and religious organizations have joined together to champion clean electricity in North Carolina. During a recent meeting of this coalition the value of increasing public awareness of this issue was discussed, though no concrete arrangement were made to move forward on this idea in a large part because of concerns over insufficient resources. In an effort to assist this coalition the following report includes an outline and all relevant material for a public workshop about electricity generation and distribution in North Carolina, the advantages of renewable energy and energy efficiency, barriers to their implementation in North Carolina and alternatives to the current rate structure which could help overcome these barriers. In addition to the workshop materials the report begins by addressing these topics in greater detail.

Harnessing Nigeria's abundant solar energy potential using the DESERTEC model

Akuru,Udochukwu B; Okoro,Ogbonnaya I; Maduko,Chibuike F
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
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The DESERTEC project, a European Union (EU) initiative to harness solar energy by means of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) from Africa for use in Europe, shows the enormous potential that exists in alternative energy sources for the sub-region once there is political will. The Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Corporation (TREC), a network of scientists and politicians who have taken it upon themselves to solve Europe's energy problem using sun from Africa, conducted three studies which evaluated the potential of renewable energy resources in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the expected needs for water and power in EU-MENA between now and 2050 and issues relating to the construction of an electricity transmission grid connecting the EU and MENA (EU-MENA-Connection), with a formula to turn the North African desert sun into electricity and transport same to Europe. This paper harnesses the TREC fact-finding studies in order to estimate how much the same ideas can be applied in many other parts of the world, Nigeria in particular. Investigation reveals that this association exists with huge potentials for an energy-starved country like Nigeria in harnessing her abundant hot sun in the north, which could go a long way in meeting the energy needs in that part of the country and beyond. Other benefits include unlimited supplies of clean electricity...