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Asas da centralidade em céus conhecidos: a dinâmica empresarial do setor de transporte aéreo no território brasileiro; The wings of centrality in known skies: entrepreneurial dynamics in the air transport sector on Brazilian territory

Pereira, Ana Paula Camilo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
O setor de transporte aéreo brasileiro apresenta uma dinamicidade socioespacial que está relacionada à atuação e às ações estratégicas desenvolvidas pelas companhias aéreas em múltiplas escalas territoriais. Este trabalho se propõe analisar e discutir as estratégias empresariais no setor de transporte aéreo brasileiro considerando as principais companhias do país, pois são essas que empreendem uma constante dinâmica a partir de ações estratégicas que promovem a concorrência e a competitividade, mas que também se consubstanciam por estratégias de cooperação. Ao analisar a reprodução do capital empresarial, este trabalho discute as estratégias de três das principais companhias aéreas brasileiras que concentram a maioria dos voos realizados no país, sendo: a TAM Linhas Aéreas, a GOL Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes e a AZUL Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras. Considerando a integração entre a dinâmica do capital e a dinâmica territorial, defendemos a tese de que há uma indissociabilidade na relação entre as ações do capital empresarial em determinados territórios e aeroportos que constituem o interesse das principais companhias aéreas brasileiras. O objetivo primordial das empresas aéreas é buscar e garantir um maior alcance do seu poder de atuação territorial. Assim...

A crise do transporte a??reo no Brasil: 2006-2007; The air transport crisis in Brazil: 2006 and 2007

Oliveira, Am??ncio Jorge de; Onuki, Janina; Amorim, S??nia Naves David
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Administra????o P??blica (ENAP) Publicador: Escola Nacional de Administra????o P??blica (ENAP)
Tipo: Estudo de Caso
IDIOMA::INGL??S:ENGLISH:EN; IDIOMA::PORTUGU??S:PORTUGU??S:PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este estudo de caso aborda a crise vivida pelo setor de transporte a??reo brasileiro nos anos de 2006 e 2007. Deflagrada por um acidente de vulto, a crise teve como protagonistas os controladores de tr??fego a??reo, que, sob suspeita de falha funcional e comunica????o dif??cil com as autoridades do setor, reagiram por meio de uma estrat??gia de opera????o-padr??o (greve branca). Essa situa????o, somada ?? escassez de pessoal, provocou, de novembro de 2006 at?? meados de 2007, o descontrole operacional dos principais aeroportos do pa??s, com grandes preju??zos aos usu??rios. Um novo acidente a??reo, no decorrer da crise, agravou ainda mais a situa????o do setor, expondo defici??ncias estruturais e profissionais ?? opini??o p??blica brasileira, em uma ??rea at?? ent??o considerada segura. O caso relata as tentativas de equacionamento da crise por parte das autoridades respons??veis pela pol??tica de transporte a??reo, frente ao descontentamento e ??s reivindica????es dos controladores de tr??fego a??reo e ?? indigna????o da sociedade. O objetivo do estudo de caso ?? ilustrar uma situa????o de crise e de processo de negocia????o, tendo sido originalmente utilizado em uma oficina sobre negocia????es no setor p??blico. O caso pode ser utilizado como material de apoio em cursos que abordem...

Infrastructure, Competition Regimes, and Air Transport Costs: Cross-Country Evidence

Micco, Alejandro; Serebrisky, Tomás
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
The relevance of transport costs has increased as liberalization continues to reduce artificial barriers to trade. Countries need to adopt policies to get closer to global markets. Can improvements in infrastructure and regulation reduce transport costs? Is it worthwhile to implement policies designed to increase competition in transport markets? Focusing on air transport, which has increased its share in US imports from 24 percent in 1990 to 35 percent in 2000, this paper quantifies the effects of infrastructure, regulatory quality and liberalization of air cargo markets on transport costs. During the 1990s, the United States implemented a series of Open Skies Agreements, providing a unique opportunity to assess the effect that a change in the competition regime has on prices. We find that infrastructure, quality of regulation and competition matter. In our sample, an improvement in airport infrastructure from the 25th to 75th percentiles reduces air transport costs by 15 percent. A similar improvement in the quality of regulation reduces air transport costs by 14 percent. Open Skies Agreements further reduce air transport costs by 8 percent.

Controlling Greenhouse Gas Emissions Generated by the Transport Sector in ECA : Policy Options

Monsalve, Carolina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) generated from transport are among the fastest growing in Europe and in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region, posing a challenge in creating a low-carbon future, as economic development has been paralleled with a modal share increasingly dominated by roads.1 This modal shift, as in the European Union (EU), has been driven by a number of factors, including growing affluence, suburbanization, and falling land use densities in urban areas, which have translated into more widespread vehicle ownership, increasing trip numbers and lengths, while reducing the financial viability of public transport and non-motorized transport. This paper begins by reviewing recent trends in transport and GHG emission trends in the ECA region, using trends in the EU-15 and EU-27 as comparators.8 Subsequently, it will provide an overview of climate friendly transport policies for the road, rail, and air transport modes, before presenting some land transport success stories and then turning to a discussion on how to use revenues generated from pricing policy instruments. The objective is to provide a menu of policy options to improve the functioning of the transport sector in ECA...

Review of the Air Transport Sector in Tajikistan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The aviation sector in Tajikistan is struggling today under a very restrictive air transport policy. Together with it, the whole economy of the country is being deprived from the derived benefits of better connectivity, such as trade, travel, and technology transfer. While maintaining safety as the highest single priority, the Government recognizes that the air transport policy should allow for a liberalization of the markets, allowing better connectivity with more efficient services at lower prices. The only possible way to ensure the implementation of a liberalized policy, an appropriate institutional framework needs to be in place, allowing for the complete separation between the policy maker, the technical regulator and the operation. The airline, the airport, and the air traffic control will be separated in order to assure truly competition. Currently, all operations activities are concentrated at Tajikistan State Airlines (TSA). TSA is today an inefficient company that provides poor service to its customers at prices that are high and provide an involuntary price umbrella for the competition. Its present existence was granted by a protective environment...

A Review of International Legal Instruments : Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

de Matons, Jean Grosdidier
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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56.35%
This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of international legal instruments - Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives." Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First, African countries are increasingly cooperating, especially in the area of corridors, to achieve full connectivity, mobility and accessibility. To that end, they are concluding new agreements and conventions. Second, this new edition has been extended to the whole of the African continent, including the Maghreb, which was not in the previous inventory. Third, air transport and associated agreements and conventions were added at the request of countries. Indeed, the future of air transport in Africa is bright. It is likely that it becomes an affordable mode of transport to reach remote areas.

The APEC air transport schedule

Findlay, Christopher
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 60141 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
The meeting of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Transport Ministers in June 1995 asked a small group of members to draw up a paper to identify options for ‘more competitive air services with fair and equitable opportunity for all APEC member economies’. This paper was prepared at a meeting of the Small Group in October 1995.2 The paper was submitted to Transport Ministers but it was not until this year at the 1997 meeting of Transport Ministers that the issue became active again. The 1997 ministerial group asked the Small Group to reconvene to provide more advice on ‘priorities’ among the list of options that it had prepared. It is argued below that the original paper raised some of the important issues in this sector but that it could have gone further, and that certainly some of the ideas require elaboration before the proposals can be ordered into priorities. The aim of this paper is to present a framework in which a fuller set of options can be generated and evaluated. It is also intended to illustrate the application of this framework with a set of suggestions for an APEC agenda (see Table 3 for a summary of those suggestions). The next section of the paper outlines the nature of the current regulatory arrangements for international aviation. There follows a discussion of some of the pressures for change in the system. The policy options suggested by APEC’s Small Group and those proposed by a number of other reports are then examined in the context of this review of the features of the system and the forces for change. The paper concludes with suggestions about APEC’s air transport ‘schedule’.; no

El hándicap del transporte aéreo para el desarrollo inicial del turismo de masas en las Islas Canarias; The conditioning of air transport for initial mass tourism development in the Canary Islands

Hernández Luis, José Ángel; Armengol Martín, Matilde; González Morales, Alejandro; Sobral García, Silvia
Fonte: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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66.15%
El transporte aéreo, más aún en un territorio fragmentado y alejado como es el caso del Archipiélago canario, ha jugado un papel trascendental para el desarrollo del turismo de masas en los años sesenta y setenta. En efecto, sin la llegada del motor a reacción a Canarias, no se podría comprender el espectacular desarrollo turístico que las Islas experimentaron en este periodo, siendo el principal objetivo de este trabajo, abordar —aunque de forma sucinta—, este proceso absolutamente decisivo para las Islas.; ABSTRACT: Air transport has played a significant role in the development of mass tourism in the sixties and seventies, especially in a fragmented territory and away as the Canary Islands. Thus, without the advent of the jet engine to the Canary Islands, can’t understand the spectacular development of tourism in the islands during this period. Thus the main objective of this paper, is to show the decisive role of air transport for tourism development in the Canary Islands.

Strategic variables for National Air Transport

Correia, Carlos André Henriques Martins
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Mestrado em Gestão de Empresas/ M20, Z19; Air Transport allowed over time, to reduce distances, eliminate borders, increase mobility and contribute to a new model of society as we know today.These are some of the reasons why in recent years, there were times of growth, development and higher demand, strengthening its role in a society increasingly globalized. While environmental costs caused by air transport are often highlighted, very little is said about its benefits. Broadly speaking it can be said that aviation contributes to worldwide trade by opening access to several markets, for investment through internationalization and access to new resources and skills in order to stimulate productivity and encourage competition as well as tourism. Its importance should not therefore be questioned or neglected. On the contrary, the preparation of its future should be a constant concern by analyzing the main challenges for the sector and for all others involved. There are many paths to choose and several variables that must be taken into account. This study aims to analyze the main variables, to present perspectives, alert to emerging opportunities and external adverse factors, and to identify some options that can better serve Air Transport in Portugal. The purpose of this dissertation is also to highlight the weaknesses of this sector in Portugal and the need to consider a medium/long-term vision and a strategy for such an important sector for the Portuguese economy and society.; O Transporte Aéreo permitiu ao longo dos tempos...

European air transport liberalization : possible ways out of the single European sky gridlock

BAUMGARTNER, Marc; FINGER, Matthias
Fonte: Elsevier Sci Ltd Publicador: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
This article presents the gradual liberalization of European air transport, especially its most recent problems in the case of the Single European Sky (SES). Indeed, after successfully liberalizing airlines and, to a certain extent, airports, the European Commission has embarked on the process of creating an SES. The article describes the process and the main actors. It focuses in particular on the identification of the various actors' interests, and explains the current gridlock of the SES as a result of conflicting objectives among the main players, which include, among others, the member states and the European commission. A way out of this gridlock may reside in a novel approach to unbundling different types of services, and introducing competition in some of these services.

Bhutan : Transport Sector Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Landlocked Bhutan faces unique challenges, and opportunities as it pursues the development of its transport sector into the 21st century. Bhutan's population growth rate is high, rural-urban migration is accelerating, and, fueled by sustained economic growth, the country is urbanizing rapidly, giving rise to an expanding urban middle class, with rising expectations of well-paid employment, accessible services, and consumption potential. However, accessibility to a large measure depends on availability of reliable, and affordable transportation. Poor rural access is synonymous with rural isolation, and poverty, while high external and domestic transport costs constrain the country's economic and social development. Transportation poses a considerable cost disadvantage to business and commercial undertakings; road transport is slow and regularly disrupted by landslides and flooding; air transport is costly and erratic. Costly transport is a major factor constraining the development of tourism, horticultural exports...

Yemen : Air Transport Sector Strategy Note

Schlumberger, Charles
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Recent sector work on air transport in Yemen found the Yemeni air transport sector to be relatively small compared to that of other countries of similar size, population, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In 2007, the total air traffic was 1.8 million passengers, 76 percent being international travelers and 24 percent domestic travelers. Yemen counts three airports open to international services among a total of 18 civil airports; however, Sana'a is the only airport with significant traffic (80 percent of total passengers). The national legacy carrier, Yemenia, has operated all domestic and international routes since 1962. A second carrier, Felix, was established by private investors in 2008 with the objective to take over Yemenia's domestic network.

Air Transport and Energy Efficiency

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
The air transport sector is enjoying an optimistic growth rate while at the same time eliciting growing concern, due to its environmental impact and its vulnerability with respect to energy security. These issues have put the sector at the forefront of the tide in achieving energy efficiency. Efforts have been made on every front to improve efficiency through better technology, optimized operation, as well as energy-saving infrastructure. This report includes five chapters. Chapter 1 will introduce the air transport energy consumption outlook though the analysis of the growth of air services as well as consumption of fossil fuel-based energy. Chapter two will discuss air transport's impact on the environment and the response and actions from the air transport sector. Chapter three will detail potential energy efficiency gains in aircraft design, air service operation, as well as infrastructure design. The role of the government and private sector in fostering and supporting those energy efficiency gains will also be discussed. Chapter four will enumerate policy options for countries with respect to air transport energy efficiency...

The Air Connectivity Index : Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network

Arvis, Jean-François; Shepherd, Ben
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity, in the sense that it captures the full range of interactions among all network nodes, even when there is no direct flight connection between them. The best connected countries are the United States, Canada, and Germany; the United States' score is more than two-thirds higher than the next placed country's, and connectivity overall follows a power law distribution that is fully consistent with the hub-and-spoke nature of the global air transport network. The measure of connectivity is closely correlated with important economic variables, such as the degree of liberalization of air transport markets, and the extent of participation in international production networks. It provides a strong basis for future research in areas such as air and maritime transport...

Air Transport : Challenges to Growth

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
The air transport market in Sub-Saharan Africa presents a strong dichotomy. In Southern and East Africa the market is growing: three strong hubs and three major African carriers dominate international and domestic markets, which are becoming increasingly concentrated. In contrast, in Central and West Africa the sector is stagnating, with the vacuum created by the collapse of Cote d'Ivoire and the demise of several regional airlines, including Air Afrique, still unfilled. Throughout, there are many unviable small state-owned operations that depend on subsidies and have a monopoly over the domestic market. There are also some promising signs: growth in air traffic has been buoyant, the number of routes and the size of aircraft are being adapted to the market, and a number of large carriers are viable and expanding. But in spite of this, overall connectivity has been declining. As oil prices rise, the role of air transportation will be looked at even more critically. Africa is a poor continent, and some countries face the potential of further isolation as the cost of flying increases. At a time when Africa's infrastructure requirements are being widely debated...

Yemen, Republic of - Republic of Yemen Air Transport Sector : Strategy Note

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
Yemen, the fastest urbanizing country in the Middle East and North Africa region, has a very limited natural resource base and the efficiency of its cities is therefore essential for its future economic growth. However, this efficiency is increasingly handicapped by the poor performance of urban transport, especially in the capital Sana'a. This report presents the main findings of this review and makes key recommendations to improve the efficiency of urban transport in Sana'a. It contains the following chapters: a first chapter presents the general context of the study, characterized by fast demographic and spatial growth in Sana'a, causing major difficulties in terms of urban transport management; a second chapter analyses and describes the main underlying issues affecting the performance and efficiency of Sana'a transport system; a third chapter presents institutional, technical and financing recommendations to improve the performance of Sana'a transport system; and a fourth chapter presents a tentative three-year action plan for implementation of the recommendations.

An evolutionary approach to air transport : market, technology and institutional co-evolution

Suau-Sanchez, Pere; Pallares-Barbera, Montserrat
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
This paper covers the development dynamics of the air transportation industry. Having the evolutionary economic geography as the frame of reference, we analyze the co-evolution of the market (selective environment), the aeronautics knowledge and equipment (technology) and the air transportation institutional policy (policy). The stress is on those factors affecting network formation and tie selection. The results of this investigation add to the limited empirical research on the evolution of transport network systems. We found that air transport shows a path dependency; although at the same time has a strong level of uncertainty due to exogenous factors. Also, the co-evolution between the selective market environment, technology and institutional decisions has been verified. The latter happen to be key, as the evolution of air transportation can only be understood in the context of a mixed regulatory environment that provides different levels of freedom for network formation.; Aquest article se centra en les dinàmiques existents a la indústria del transport aeri. Utilitzant com a marc teòric la geografia econòmica evolucionista, analitzem la coevolució entre el mercat (ambient selectiu), el coneixement i l’equipament aeronàutic (tecnologia) i les polítiques públiques en transport aeri (institucions). El focus de la nostra anàlisi se situa en els factors que afecten la formació de la xarxa i la selecció d’enllaços. Els resultats mostren que el transport aeri té una alta dependència de la trajectòria anterior...

Ontology-driven legal support-system in the air transport passenger domain

Rodríguez-Doncel, Víctor; Santos, Cristina; Casanovas, Pompeu
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Ponència presentada a Semantic Web for the Law and Second Jurix Doctoral Consortium, celebrat a Cracòvia el 2014; This paper aims to present a preliminary version of asupport-system in the air transport passenger domain. This system relies upon an underlying on-tological structure representing a normative framework to facilitatethe provision of contextualized relevant legal information.This information includes the pas-senger's rights and itenhances self-litigation and the decision-making process of passengers.Our contribution is based in the attempt of rendering a user-centric-legal informationgroundedon case-scenarios of the most pronounced incidents related to the consumer complaints in the EU.A number ofadvantages with re-spect to the current state-of-the-art services are discussed and a case study illu-strates a possible technological application.

USO DO TERRITÓRIO E CONSOLIDAÇÃO DO AGRONEGÓCIO NA REGIÃO CENTRO-OESTE: UM ESTUDO SOBRE A INTEGRAÇÃO TERRITORIAL ATRAVÉS DO SISTEMA DE TRANSPORTE AÉREO; USE OF TERRITORY AND CONSOLIDATION OF AGRIBUSINESS IN REGION CENTER-WEST: A STUDY ABOUT THE TERRITORIAL INTEGRATION THROUGH SYSTEM OF AIR TRANSPORT

Gallo, Fabrício
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo. Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Este texto apresenta algumas reflexões sobre o uso de pequenas aeronaves na integração e modernização do território brasileiro. O sistema de transporte aéreo, num país de grande extensão territorial, cumpre papel de destaque no estreitamento dos laços regionais e é um elemento de destaque do circuito espacial produtivo da moderna agricultura desenvolvida no Centro-Oeste brasileiro. Agilizando o transporte dos indivíduos e promovendo os contatos face-a-face, as pequenas aeronaves de rotas não-regulares, em função de sua flexibilidade de deslocamento e de tempo, atuam como vetores fundamentais da integração produtiva do território brasileiro, uma vez que a produção propriamente dita e comando corporativo se dissociaram dadas as possibilidades técnicas do atual período técnico-científico e informacional.; The aim of this text is to make some reflections on the use of small aircrafts for the integration and modernization of the Brazilian territory. The system of air transport, in a country of large territorial extension, is very important to narrow the regional ties and it is an important  element of the productive space circuit of the modern agriculture developed in the Brazilian Center-West. The small aircrafts of not-regular routes...

Plurilateral agreements on trade in air transport services: the US model

Findlay, Christopher
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
The nature of the impediments to trade and investment in the international air transport markets are discussed. The treatment of these impediments in the May 2001 US Plurilateral Agreement are examined, and compared to a benchmark based on the principles