Página 1 dos resultados de 1738 itens digitais encontrados em 0.014 segundos

Corporate Responses to HIV/AIDS : Case Studies from India

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
This collection of case studies aims to contribute to the growing evidence on private sector engagement in the fight against HIV and AIDS and the challenges businesses are overcoming in this fight. By capturing the experiences of the local private sector, it seeks to foster a more active response from the business community and to encourage new partnership approaches from government, civil society, and development organizations to leverage the goodwill and competencies of the private sector. In a country as large as India, more active engagement of the private sector is critical to achieve the scale of intervention needed to get ahead of HIV and AIDS. The case studies illustrate the importance of integrating multiple stakeholders in the fight against HIV and AIDS. They also highlight the growing investment of businesses in that fight-an investment that recognizes their vulnerability to the economic and social impact of the epidemic. And they show what businesses can achieve by tackling HIV and AIDS through the workforce. By showcasing their achievements and illuminating the lessons of their experience...

Biopolitical Implications of the Surveillance, Spectacle, and Performance of AIDS Education in Rural China

Hernandez, Eduardo
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
This conceptual study explores China’s reaction to the AIDS crisis using a Foucauldian concept of biopolitics in order to theorize the implications of AIDS education in the culture of rural China in terms of the surveillance, spectacle, and discipline of biopolitics.

The Mistranslation of the ABCs: An American AIDS Education Campaign in Botswana

Casbarro, Liana; Jäger, Jemlys
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
The majority of Botswana citizens have access to national HIV/AIDS education, but the messages ignore native cultural practices. The purpose of this paper is to critique the influence of American humanism and individualism on the ABC model of HIV/AIDS prevention used to stem the AIDS epidemic in Botswana.

HIV/AIDS education and counselling: experiences from Ghana

Awusabo-Asare, Kofi
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 47847 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
The emergence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa presents a challenge not only to public health paradigms but also models for public health education. Although the nature and spread of the disease have common features with a number of known diseases, the initial reactions to the disease have contributed to produce what Jeanneney (1987) refers to as 'a collective emotional hysteria' characteristic of the debate on syphilis in the early part of the twentieth century. Fear and ignorance associated with the hysteria have led to various reactions such as panic, scapegoating, stigmatization and denial (Jeanneney 1987; Awusabo-Asare and Agyeman 1993). As with some previous epidemics, the strategy has been to make factual and understandable information accessible to people (Carballo and Kenya 1994). The basic philosophy is that people should not die from ignorance. For sub-Saharan Africa, some of the pertinent questions are: how do we provide culturally relevant and socially acceptable information within the existing socio-economic constraints? Given the high illiteracy rate how should information be presented so as to reach as many people as possible? How should audience segmentation be approached in view of the limited resources available for educational campaigns on HIV infection? What are some of the socio-cultural constraints to the counselling of AIDS patients and their relations? The aim of this paper is to describe some of the approaches adopted in three settings in Ghana to provide community education and counselling for communities...

General and special education teachers' knowledge of and attitudes toward students with HIV/AIDS

Pollack, Ellen
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
AIDS education is mandated in schools throughout the United States to educate students about the disease. Teachers are expected to assume the major role of disseminating this information; therefore it is reasonable to question how knowledgeable teachers are about HIV/AIDS and where their information is coming from. This study explored the knowledge and attitudes of general and special education teachers toward students with HIV/AIDS and investigated whether a relationship between knowledge and attitudes existed. Information was collected using the AIDS Knowledge and Attitude Survey (AKAS). The sample was limited to certified teachers resulting in 318 participants.^ Research questions were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies, t-tests, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Scheffe post hoc analysis, and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation. Results indicated that general and special education teachers did not have complete knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Participants were knowledgeable regarding modes of transmission which may be the area of greatest concern for teachers, however, deficiencies were present within teachers' knowledge of general statements and facts and pathology. Among the ten demographic variables analyzed...

Knowledge and perceptions about HIV/AIDS and safer sex practices among Korean-Americans in Dade County, Florida

Kim, Min-Ju
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
This study was conducted to identify Korean-Americans' knowledge, perceptions, and efficacy (both self and response) relating to HIV/AIDS, as well as safer sex practices. Age, gender, education, Confucianism, religion, and acculturation were also examined for potential relationships with the main variables. A total of 200 Korean-Americans in Dade County, Florida, participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 32.6 years (range 19-55). The AIDS Risk Assessment Questionnaire (ARA-Q) derived from the AIDS Risk Measurement Study Questionnaire (ARMS-Q) and the Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) were used for data collection. The overall mean score of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 12.3 (77%) out of a possible 16. Knowledge, and perceptions about HIV/AIDS were not related to safer sex practices. Significant correlations between attitudes toward condoms and the frequency of condom use during oral intercourse were evident. Male subjects reported more sexual partners in their lifetime and more frequent condom use during vaginal intercourse during the last year than female subjects. The number of sexual partners in the last year was not related to perceived HIV/AIDS susceptibility and response-efficacy among men or women, but response-efficacy positively correlated to frequency of condom use among both genders. Acculturation scores were positively correlated with the number of sexual partners and the frequency of condom use during vaginal intercourse for men and women. Further research is needed to determine factors that may increase the cultural relevance of AIDS prevention strategies to the Korean-American community. The findings of this study may be used as a basis for designing culturally-sensitive HIV/AIDS education programs to reach various segments of this ethnic community. ^

Addressing Youth within the World Bank's Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program (MAP)

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Young people are central in the battle against HIV/AIDS. Each day 5,000-6,000 new infections occur among young people age 15-24, representing half of new infections. The disease disproportionately affects young females; rates of infection among girls in the hardest-hit countries of Africa are 1.3 to 12 times higher than for boys of the same age. Young people are also the best hope for fighting the epidemic; where HIV prevalence has fallen, youth have led the way by delaying sex, reducing partners, and increasing condom use. As one of Africa's largest donors for HIV/AIDS, the World Bank can help ensure that programs to contend with the disease adequately focus on young people. This study, based on six in-depth country case examples, examines the experience of the World Bank in addressing the youth dimension of the HIV/AIDS epidemic through its Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program (MAP) in Africa. The study hopes to provide further guidance to the Bank on improving the effectiveness of its investments in youth and HIV/AIDS programming.

HIV/AIDS Education in Health Professionals Training in the Philippines

Tawasil, John R.; Salvador, Vincent DG; Juban, Noel R.; Chan, Michael B.
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
It is recognized by both private and public sectors that an adequate education plays an important part in stemming the spread of HIV. While the topic of sex education among primary and secondary schools remains a contentious issue for a predominantly Catholic country like the Philippines, teaching health professionals about HIV/AIDS is a vital part of the subject of infectious diseases. At present, there is a need to evaluate the current curriculum of health professionals in terms of the adequacy of the teaching about HIV/AIDS. This study was undertaken to review the present state of HIV/AIDS education in undergraduate health professionals' curriculum and to assess the response of local tertiary private hospitals to the emerging threat of HIV/AIDS. It analyzes the current situation of HIV/AIDS lectures and discussions in public tertiary education academic curricula of health professionals in the Philippines. It determines the perceptions of different stakeholders as to the sufficiency of the current level of lectures and discussions on HIV/AIDS. It describes the private hospital sector response to the HIV/AIDS problem. This study was divided into two parts. The first part dealt with the first and second objectives...

Strengthening the Education Sector : Response to HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean

UNESCO; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.46%
This report the findings and outcomes of the three joint UNESCO/World Bank missions to Guyana, Jamaica, and St. Lucia, and elaborates on next steps identified for action at both national and regional levels. The report also sets these findings and next steps within the broader context of the Caribbean plan for action and presents in its appendixes sample resources to guide the development of a comprehensive response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV&AIDS) by the education sector. The priority placed on the education sector's response is based on evidence that education contributes towards the knowledge and personal skills essential for the prevention of HIV, and protects individuals, families, communities, institutions, and nations from the impact of AIDS. Education helps to overcome the conditions that facilitate the spread of HIV and can create the understanding and tolerance that contribute to reduced stigma and discrimination against vulnerable and marginalized communities and people living with HIV. The CARICOM regional body in the Caribbean...

Education and HIV/AIDS Prevention : Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya

Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Kremer, Michael; Sinei, Samuel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.

The Bank of Ghana's HIV/AIDS Education Program; Le programme d'education sur le VIH/SIDA de la Banque du Ghana

Ruparel, Ravi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%
This program was launched as part of a World Bank financed Financial Institutions project. When the project was extended for two years after June 2002, the World Bank encouraged project beneficiaries to develop a HIV/AIDS education program. Ghana's central bank, the Bank of Ghana (BOG), took up the challenge and implemented an intensive education program beginning April 2001. Although World Bank funding ceased in June 2002, BOG has continued the program as a wholly BOG-funded activity. The primary objective of the program was to prevent spread of infection among BOG staff by providing education that would lead to increased awareness of staff and their families about HIV/AIDS and eventually lead to positive behavior change. The program was implemented by a Secretariat of staff members from BOG's health clinic working under the guidance of a Supervisory Committee consisting of medical professionals and representatives of staff, management, and the government. The activities of the program included communication...

Learning as transformation: Women's HIV & AIDS education in Malindi, Kenya

SPALING, MELISA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Understanding why, when, and with whom women engage in opportunities for HIV & AIDS education is critical in exploring the extent to which popular education strategies promote transformational learning among women in Malindi, Kenya. Three central questions animate this research: a) What do rural women who participate in HIV & AIDS popular education programs learn about HIV & AIDS, b) through what range of pedagogical practices and theories does their learning occur, and c) how does this learning contribute to transformative changes that improve women's health, at both individual (e.g., beliefs, behaviour) and communal levels (e.g., group actions)? Employing a qualitative research design, face-to-face interviews, and document analysis of secondary sources enabled a rich and in-depth exploration of specific learnings and actions among Kenyan women. Qualitative analysis of eight semi-structured interviews reveals three dimensions of transformative learning among adult women in Malindi, including a) striving towards openness, b) culture of support, and c) connected knowing. These inter-related themes outline the potential for Kenyan women's HIV & AIDS education to move beyond instrumental, and communicative, to more empowering transformative learning.; Thesis (Master...

Living Learning Space: Recognizing Public Pedagogy in a Small Town AIDS Service Organization

Hastings, COLIN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
In the early days of HIV/AIDS in North America, those most directly affected by the crisis created a social movement to respond to the virus when no one else would. The legacy of activists’ efforts can be seen in the more than seventy-five AIDS service organizations (ASOs) that provide prevention, support, and education to communities across Ontario today. While these organizations were once an important site of advocacy and resistance for people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs), ASOs are now often viewed as professionalized, bureaucratic and impersonal spaces. Linking theoretical understandings of public pedagogy and the pedagogical potential of space with HIV/AIDS scholarship, I offer a conception of ASOs as more than simply impersonal service providers, but vibrant spaces of community learning. Drawing on interviews with people who work, volunteer, and use services at a small ASO in Kingston, Ontario called HIV/AIDS Regional Services (HARS), I identify three pedagogical assets within the agency’s space that tend to go unrecognized as such. The agency’s drop-in space, artworks created by PHAs that decorate the walls of the office, and HARS’ storefront design are not usually counted as elements of the kind of formal “HIV/AIDS education” that ASOs provide. However...

Implementing HIV/AIDS Education: Impact of Teachers' Training on HIV/AIDS Education in Bangladesh

Sarma, Haribondhu; Oliveras, Elizabeth
Fonte: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh Publicador: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
School-based HIV/AIDS education is a common and well-proven intervention strategy for providing information on HIV/AIDS to young people. However, lack of skills among teachers for imparting sensitive information to students can lead to programme failure in terms of achieving goals. A cross-sectional study was conducted among teachers to identify the factors that support or hinder their role in HIV/AIDS education. A self-administered questionnaire was used for interviewing teachers from randomly-selected schools in two adjacent districts in Bangladesh. Based on exposure to teachers’ training, the districts were divided into control and intervention areas and the teachers’ ability, skill, and their participation in HIV/AIDS education were compared between the districts. Trained teachers in the intervention schools were more likely to participate, less likely to face difficulties, and more likely to use interactive teaching methods in HIV/AIDS classes compared to the controls who did not receive any training. Inadequate allocation of time for conducting the HIV/AIDS class was found to be barriers to HIV/AIDS education that suggest the need to provide teachers with more support in terms of training and logistics.

Correlates of participation in AIDS education and HIV antibody testing by methadone patients.

Magura, S; Grossman, J I; Lipton, D S; Amann, K R; Koger, J; Gehan, K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1989 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
The authors examined the factors associated with methadone patients' decisions about participating in a clinic-based AIDS prevention protocol. Despite the offer of incentives, only 27 percent attended AIDS education and only 12 percent obtained voluntary HIV antibody (ab) testing. However, AIDS education was attended by proportionately more of those who were at highest risk for AIDS because of current intravenous drug use. The availability of HIV-ab testing neither encouraged nor discouraged participation in AIDS education. Patients who were relatively more likely to choose HIV-ab testing were older, had been or were married, had plans to have children, believed the test to be useful, and believed that their counselors support their decision to be tested. Those who declined to be tested were reluctant to confront the emotional aspects of their risk status, were concerned about possible breaches of confidentiality, and doubted the value of testing. The implications of the findings for implementing AIDS prevention measures in methadone programs are discussed. Programs need either to require attendance at AIDS education or give patients an incentive to attend. HIV-ab testing should be available but should remain voluntary. A stronger medical rationale for testing is developing and may increase future participation. Methadone programs must continue to engage patients actively in AIDS risk reduction efforts.

Educators' roles in developing adolescent HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes within school culture

Chabilall,Jyothi
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
This paper reports on part of a study with the aim of exploring how Muslim learners' knowledge and attitudes of HIV/AIDS were influenced by family and school culture. Findings from data collected during individual semi-structured interviews with the principals, Life Orientation educators, and school guidance counsellors are discussed. Reviewed literature supported the assumption that there were collaborative relationships within school culture that permitted children to learn about sexuality and HIV/ AIDS. Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory and the Eight Gateways or "entry points" of school culture supported the data collection and reinforced the findings theoretically. A purposive sample was used for the qualitative case study within an interpretivist paradigm. The study indicated that the educators believed that the school should teach adolescents' about HIV/AIDS. The aim of the school was to create awareness about non-risky behaviour in terms of HIV/AIDS among the learners. Educators were aware that this education did not always lead to positive behaviour changes. The school interventions had generally engendered positive values and dependable, safe relationships that helped adolescents to make responsible decisions in the face of HIV and AIDS. Educators did concede that despite the education at school...

Structural and social constraints in the teaching of Life Skills for HIV/AIDS prevention in Malawi primary schools

Chirwa,Grames; Naidoo,Devika
Fonte: South African Journal of Childhood Education Publicador: South African Journal of Childhood Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The Ministry of Education in Malawi introduced a life skills education program with the intention to empower children with appropriate information and skills to deal with social and health problems affecting the nation, including the fight against HIV infections. This study investigated factors affecting the teaching of the life skills education in four primary schools in the Zomba district, Malawi. Cornbleth's (1990) notions of the structural and social contexts and Whitaker's (1993) identification of key role players in curriculum implementation framed the study. Data was collected through interviews with teachers and principals and observations of teachers' lessons. Findings suggest that the teaching of life skills is constrained by a variety of social and structural contextual factors such as the poor conditions under which teachers are working; greater attention given to subjects such as maths and languages; the cascade model of training teachers and the short duration of training; the inaccessible language in teachers guides; hunger and poverty of learners; lack of community support for sex education; both teachers and learners being infected or affected by the AIDS/HIV pandemic; teachers felt it is inappropriate to teach sexual education to 9 and 10 year old learners. The structural and social barriers to effective life skills education within the current framework indicate the need for alternative sex HIV/AIDS education complementary to the primary school curriculum.

Integrating HIV & AIDS education in pre-service mathematics education for social justice

Laren,Linda van
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.4%
Since 1999, many South African education policy documents have mandated integration of HIV & AIDS education in learning areas/disciplines. Policy document research has shown that although South African politicians and managers have produced volumes of eloquent and compelling legislation regarding provision for HIV & AIDS education, little of this is translated into action. The impact of HIV & AIDS permeates the social, economic and political arenas in South Africa. Integration of HIV & AIDS education across disciplines can serve as a strategy to further the ideals of social justice. This paper focuses on how integration in the teaching and learning of Mathematics Education provides opportunities to take action for social justice. The inquiry explores the following question: How can the myth that there is 'nothing we can do' about HIV & AIDS, which is linked to social justice issues, be addressed through integration of HIV & AIDS education in Mathematics pre-service teacher education? Drawing on self-study, the work of a Mathematics teacher educator who worked with pre-service teachers to integrate HIV & AIDS education at a higher education institution is described. By considering integration of HIV & AIDS education in Mathematics Education and taking action it is possible to develop strategies which directly relate to social justice.

Challenges and obstacles in early HIV and AIDS education in South Africa, 1989-1994

Grundlingh,Louis
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
Very little research has been done on HIV and AIDS education in the 1980s. AIDS cases rapidly increased from less than 1 per cent in 1990 to almost 8 per cent in 1994. Both the government and non-governmental organisations started to launch HIV and AIDS education campaigns and programmes. Whilst the levels of awareness might have been relatively high, the same cannot be said for the knowledge levels. There were numerous impediments with the educational efforts. These ranged from a restrictive conservative morality, and a strictly bio-medical interpretation of the disease, to the racial context of South Africa. A variety of methods were used to convey the HIV and AIDS message. Considering the levels of illiteracy in the country, educationists made use of visual aids and dramatic performances to convey the message. Prejudice, as well as inadequate financial and human resources, impeded the educational drive. By 1994 knowledge levels rose, but no major inroads were made in the ultimate goal of behaviour change.

Education and the role of the church in Africa: Three relevant aspects

Jansen,C.A.; Pretorius,F.J.; van Niekerk,E.J.
Fonte: Koers Publicador: Koers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
In this article an attempt is made to provide a grounded basis for expanded church involvement in the provision of formal education, HIV and AIDS education and leadership education in Africa. This is done on the basis of a fundamental reflection on the role of the church in education, as well as a brief analysis of the formal education challenge, the HIV and AIDS challenge and the leadership challenge in Africa.