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Attitudes of the Portuguese farmers to the EU Common Agricultural Policy; Postoje portugalských farmářů ke Společné zemědělské politice EU

Dos Santos, Maria José Palma Lampreia; Henriques, Pedro Damião de Sousa; Fragoso, Rui Manuel de Sousa; Da Silva Carvalho, Maria Leonor Pimenta Marques Verdete
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
The main purpose of this paper aims to know the farmer’s attitudes towards the agricultural production, the political support, and the irrigation project of Alqueva in the context of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Reform, the Health-Check, in a micro-region located near the Mediterranean Sea. For this purpose, we use the Theory of Planned Behaviour. The main results suggest that the majority of farmers are a relatively homogeneous cluster about their attitudes but not in their behavioural intentions. These farmers still maintain a productivist mindset, wish to maintain an agricultural focus and strongly reject the notions of policy liberalisation. The main conclusions suggest that although the farmers have a great potential of innovating the future CAP policies, the water supply irrigation price and the conditions of access to agricultural credit, may compromise their innovation capacity in the future, in particular on the smaller farms.

Opportunities for Conservation Agriculture in the EU Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020

Basch, G.; González-Sánchez, E.J.; Gómez McPherson, H.; Kassam, A.
Fonte: WCCA/FSD Local Organizing Commitee Publicador: WCCA/FSD Local Organizing Commitee
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
In the past, many relevant European Union (EU) documents made reference to the environmental problems caused by agriculture. In those papers, the concept of Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a possible solution was either omitted or timidly named, although sustainable agriculture was proclaimed as an objective of the EU in the Amsterdam treaty in 1999. EU’s position regarding several worldwide environmental problems, i.e. climate change, water and soil threats, is well known. However, to which extent these positions will be reflected in EU agricultural and environmental policies and concrete and binding measures in all member states for the period of 2014-2020 is still an open question. Through its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) EU claims to address the main concerns of its agriculture and rural development. In this context, EU launched a Communication (COM (2010) 672 final) named “The CAP towards 2020. Meeting the food, natural resources and territorial challenges of the future”. Based on this paper we analyse the deliverables that CA could provide to achieve the overall objectives established for the CAP in the horizon 2014-2020.

Assessment of Environment Impact of CAP Reforms on European Agricultural Production Efficiency

Serrao, Amilcar J
Fonte: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association Publicador: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
The studies of performance and production efficiency have ignored additional products of most transformation processes classified as undesirable outputs. Without the inclusion of the undesirable outputs, the efficiency measurement is a purely technical measure, and it does not account for the interaction of the system with the environment and the impact of policy decisions on the system. Moreover, there are technological dependencies between the desirable and the undesirable outputs which have to be included in the analytical tools used to measure efficiency. The relationships between the desirable and the undesirable outputs motivate the exploration of new areas of the measurement of efficiency to incorporate policy decisions and address new issues. This research develops a formulation that uses goal programming in conjunction with Data Envelopment analysis – known as GoDEA approach – to deal with the conflict between the desirable and the undesirable outputs. This approach is used to assess the environment impact of the Agenda 2000 and the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy reform on agricultural production in fifteen European countries. Model results show that the 2003 CAP reform strengthens environmental policies and has a better performance than the Agenda 2000 for some European countries. The North and Central European countries have been dealing better with environmental issues than the Mediterranean countries.

The Role of Area-Yield Crop Insurance Program face to the Mid-Term Review of Common Agricultural Policy

Serrão, Amilcar J
Fonte: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association Publicador: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.47%
The mid-term review of Common Agricultural Policy increases the complexity of the decision-making process of farmers. The subsidies are substituted for a single decoupled income payment. The farmers decide what crops and livestock will produce based on climate, soils conditions and agricultural market signals and not based on subsidies granted to each one of the crop and livestock activities. The area-yield crop insurance program might have an important role on increasing production and facing natural catastrophes. This paper studies the introduction of the area-yield crop insurance program to reduce the risk originating from the variability of farmers’ income and to compare this alternative with other agricultural policy alternatives in the context of the mid-term review of Common Agricultural Policy. The comparison of the introduction of the area-yield crop insurance program with other agricultural policy alternatives is made through an approach using concepts of the Cumulative Prospect Theory, because besides defining that the results are appraised in agreement with changes in relation to the initial wealth, this theory treats in a differentiated way gains and losses. A discrete sequential stochastic programming model with five states of nature is developed to study agricultural policy alternatives. The objective function is constituted by a set of functions (the value function and the probability weighting function) differentiated for gains and losses...

Assessing impacts of Common Agricultural Policy changes on regional land use

Borjes, P.J; Fragoso, R.; Garcia-Gonzalo, J.; Borges, J.G.; Marques, S.; Lucas, M.R.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
This paper discusses research aiming at assessing Common Agricultural Policy impacts on agriculture and forestry. For this purpose an approach is developed that includes a linear programming model to estimate the Positive Mathematical Programming production cost function coefficients of current agricultural– forestry activities. It further includes a heuristic — simulated annealing — to generate solutions for each policy scenario. This model base approach is integrated within a decision support system (DSS) for testing purposes. The DSS further encompasses a relational database that stores agricultural–forestry technical and economic data and a geographic information system that stores topological data of regional farm-type land units. The DSS Graphical User Interface provides tabular and geographical reporting capabilities. Results are discussed for an application to the Alentejo region in Southern Portugal. Results demonstrate the usefulness and relevance of the proposed approach to assess the impact of changes in prices and in agricultural policy on land use patterns and on forestry.

Assessing impacts of Common Agricultural Policy changes on regional use patterns with a decision support system. An application in Southern Portugal

Borges, P.J.; Fragoso, R.; Borges, J.G.; Marques, S.A.; Lucas, M.R.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
This paper discusses research aiming at assessing Common Agricultural Policy impacts on agriculture and forestry. For this purpose an approach is developed that includes a linear programming model to estimate the Positive Mathematical Programming production cost function coefficients of current agricultural– forestry activities. It further includes a heuristic — simulated annealing — to generate solutions for each policy scenario. This model base approach is integrated within a decision support system (DSS) for testing purposes. The DSS further encompasses a relational database that stores agricultural–forestry technical and economic data and a geographic information system that stores topological data of regional farm-type land units. The DSS Graphical User Interface provides tabular and geographical reporting capabilities. Results are discussed for an application to the Alentejo region in Southern Portugal. Results demonstrate the usefulness and relevance of the proposed approach to assess the impact of changes in prices and in agricultural policy on land use patterns and on forestry

Food and Agricultural Policy in Russia : Progress to Date and the Road Forward

Csaki, Csaba; Nash, John; Matusevich, Vera; Kray, Holger
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
The overall finding of this report is that much agricultural policy is made at the regional level, and here the explicit price, and trade policy distortions are significantly worse than at the federal level. The result is patchwork of inconsistent policies, that has fragmented the Russian national market. The most serious policy issues at the federal level, are in the legal framework, the continued state domination of some markets, and, the administration of limited subsidies, in ways that undermine market development. A major problem is that large farms face soft budget constraints, with tolerance of non-payment of debt, resulting in an increasing debt burden, little incentive for true restructuring, and an uneven playing field with respect to the private sector. The government recently addressed the issue of farm insolvency, through the Resolution on Agricultural Debt Restructuring, and, a fundamental approach to this problem is being elaborated in the draft Law on Financial Rehabilitation of Agricultural Enterprises. But the key to giving enterprises an incentive to participate in real restructuring...

Support for Agricultural Restructuring Project : The Financial and Economic Competitiveness of Rice and Selected Feed Crops in Northern and Southern Vietnam

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
One area of weakness in current agricultural policy work in Vietnam is the lack of a clear understanding of both the private profitability of farmers for different crop activities and the social profitability of such activities. Agricultural performance is thus gauged in physical terms (i.e. yields and the volume of aggregate output) rather than in financial or economic terms. This has hampered efforts to compare and contrast the impacts and effectiveness of alternative policy and program measures. Comparative metrics for different crops and farm management systems have been lacking. The main objectives of this paper are: (i) to describe the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) methodology and how to interpret key financial and economic indicators; (ii) to document the underlying assumptions used for the analysis; and (iii) to provide a summary and brief interpretation of the main quantitative results and outcome of selected sensitivity tests. As a step towards improved sector planning, this paper utilizes the PAM to analyze various farm management systems for rice...

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of : Analysis of the Agricultural Support Programs

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
The report is structured to allow readers familiar with Macedonia s agriculture sector to quickly grasp the essentials needed to improve the sector, as well as to inform a general audience on how to address the challenges of a modern European Union (EU)-aspiring state. Chapter two provides an in-depth analysis of the sectoral background, illustrating the main characteristics and challenges of Macedonia s agriculture sector. The illustration takes an integrated approach to the sector, covering a vast range of inter-related topics including the prominence of the sector not only in terms of its economic and social contribution but also its implications for trade, the urban-rural poverty gap and shared prosperity, farm structure, climate adaptation, and capacity building. Chapter three draws on lessons from the European Union (EU) and provides a framework to analyze Macedonia s agricultural support programs. Further, the chapter provides a primer on the EU s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and its measures to support agriculture. Chapter four presents concise empirical evidence of the coverage and institutional capacity of the agricultural programs in Macedonia under both pillar one and pillar two measures. Chapter five then builds on the primary diagnostic set out in the previous chapters and critically examines the alignment of Macedonia s agricultural programs with the government s stated objectives of poverty reduction...

The Application and Extension of Jiangsu Agricultural Policy Analysis Model (JAPA)

Zhou, Shudong
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 29256 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
A Jiangsu Agricultural Policy Analysis Model (JAPA model) is developed as a decision support tool for policy makers, and it can also be used for academic researchers to reveal the complex internal relationships among economic variables. The JAPA model combines an econometric model (LA/AIDS) with a programming model (Computable Partial Equilibrium Model). The objective of this model is to provide statistic indicators for the prediction of agricultural conditions, for agricultural policy evaluation and for agricultural policy simulation. This paper explains the methodological approach and demonstrates the application of the JAPA model.; no

Balancing values in the agricultural policy process

Botterill, Linda
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 256758 bytes; 361 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
[Introduction]: Since the introduction of agriculture into the international trade debate in the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, there has been increased focus on the nature of agricultural support policies in the developed countries. Concepts such as “multi-functionality” have drawn attention to the multiple goals that governments attempt to pursue through agricultural policy and the negotiating construct of the “Green Box” has been introduced to accommodate “legitimate” non-trade concerns such as environmental protection, regional development programs and direct income supports for farmers that are not related to production levels or prices. The Green Box is one of three “boxes” of domestic support, the other two being the Amber Box which contains support measures subject to limits under the Agriculture Agreement and the Blue Box which covers subsides that are tied to programs that limit production. The Green Box provides recognition within the international negotiations that governments use agricultural policies to achieve a variety of objectives from income support to environmental protection. This paper proposes a means for identifying the nature of the balance that is struck by governments between different values competing for support through agricultural policy settings.; no

Policy impacts on regulating ecosystem services: looking at the implications of 60 years of landscape change on soil erosion prevention in a Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system

Guerra, C.A.; Metzger, M.J.; Maes, J.; Pinto-Correia, T.
Fonte: Policy impacts on regulating ecosystem services: looking at the implications of 60 years of landscape change on soil erosion prevention in a Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system Publicador: Policy impacts on regulating ecosystem services: looking at the implications of 60 years of landscape change on soil erosion prevention in a Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Context Policy decisions form a major driver of land use change, with important implications for socially and environmentally susceptible regions. It is well known that there can be major unintended consequences, especially where policies are not tailored to regionally specific contexts. Objectives In this paper we assess the implications of 60 years of agricultural policies on soil erosion prevention (SEP) by vegetation, an essential regulating ecosystem service in Mediterranean Europe. Objectives In this paper we assess the implications of 60 years of agricultural policies on soil erosion prevention (SEP) by vegetation, an essential regulating ecosystem service in Mediterranean Europe. Methods To assess these implications we produced and analysed a time series of land cover/use and environmental conditions datasets (from 1951 to 2012) in relation to changing agricultural policies for a specific region in the southern Portugal. Set of indicators related to SEP allowed us to identify that land use intensification as increased soil erosion in the last 60 years. Results Particularly in the last 35 years, as a consequence of head age payments for cattle, the agricultural policy had a significant effect in the density and renewal of the tree cover...

Kyrgyz Republic : Agricultural Policy Update, Volume1. Overview

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
This policy note examines the policy and investment framework between 2003 and 2010, resulting sector performance and the priorities for future development. It draws attention to the need to refocus on completing the fundamental reforms and investments on which Kyrgyzstan's early successes were built. These include further development of land market, building rural finance markets, further public investment and institutional development in the irrigation sector, encouraging greater private investment in the seeds sector and machinery services, public-private partnerships for advisory service provision, completion of ongoing reforms in pasture management, development of veterinary services and improving the business environment for private investment in agro-processing. The policy Note discusses the government's approach to achieving greater food security, which centers on food self-sufficiency and discusses why this is not the best route to raising low rural incomes - the root cause of food insecurity. The report discusses some of the policies conceived after the food price crisis...

Kyrgyz Republic : Agricultural Policy Update, Volume 2. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
This policy note examines the policy and investment framework between 2003 and 2010, resulting sector performance and the priorities for future development. It draws attention to the need to refocus on completing the fundamental reforms and investments on which Kyrgyzstan's early successes were built. These include further development of land market, building rural finance markets, further public investment and institutional development in the irrigation sector, encouraging greater private investment in the seeds sector and machinery services, public-private partnerships for advisory service provision, completion of ongoing reforms in pasture management, development of veterinary services and improving the business environment for private investment in agro-processing. The policy Note discusses the government's approach to achieving greater food security, which centers on food self-sufficiency and discusses why this is not the best route to raising low rural incomes - the root cause of food insecurity. The report discusses some of the policies conceived after the food price crisis...

Islamic Republic of Iran : An Agricultural Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
This report addresses key structural, institutional, and sectoral policy impediments to achieving a higher, and sustained economic growth in the sector, and poverty reduction in rural areas of Iran. It focuses mainly on an assessment of agricultural development outcomes, a discussion of the agricultural policy agenda, and provides recommendations for future policy dialogue between the Bank, and the Government of Iran. On examining development outcomes, the report assesses the agricultural sector's contribution, which - though in decline - has displayed rapid growth (4.9 percent) during the course of the 1990's; identifies the strong rural content of poverty in Iran, where the proportion of the rural population living in households with income below the poverty line, is the highest; and, examines the increasing pressures on the natural resources, with deforestation and erosion reaching alarming proportions. Policy in the sector has been driven largely by the need to rely on domestic production, to meet the needs of a rapidly increasing demand. However...

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia

Anderson, Kym; Martin, Will
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
This study is part of a global research project seeking to understand the changing scope and impact of the policy bias against agriculture and the reasons behind agricultural policy reforms in Africa, Europe's transition economies, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia. One purpose of the project is to obtain quantitative indicators of the effects of recent policy interventions. A second objective is to gain a deeper understanding of the political economy of trends in the distortions in agricultural incentives in various national settings. The third goal is to use this deeper understanding to explore the prospects for reducing the distortions in agricultural incentives and discover the likely implications for agricultural competitiveness, equality, and poverty reduction in many countries, large and small. This book provides an overview of the evolution of the distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the World Bank-defined regions of East Asia and South Asia. The volume includes an introduction and summary chapter and commissioned studies of three Northeast Asian...

Measuring Distortions to Agricultural Incentives, Revisited

Anderson, Kym; Kurzweil, Marianne; Martin, Will; Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
Notwithstanding the tariffication component of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, import tariffs on farm products continue to provide an incomplete indication of the extent to which agricultural producer and consumer incentives are distorted in national markets. Especially in developing countries, non-agricultural policies indirectly impact agricultural and food markets. Empirical analysis aimed at monitoring distortions to agricultural incentives thus need to examine both agricultural and non-agricultural policy measures including import or export taxes, subsidies and quantitative restrictions, plus domestic taxes or subsidies on farm outputs or inputs and consumer subsidies for food staples. This paper addresses the practical methodological issues that need to be faced when attempting to undertake such a measurement task in developing countries. The approach is illustrated in two ways: by presenting estimates of nominal and relative rates of assistance to farmers in China for the period 1981 to 2005; and by summarizing estimates from an economy-wide computable general equilibrium model of the effects on agricultural versus non-agricultural markets of the project's measured distortions globally as of 2004.

Poverty impacts of agricultural policy adjustments in an opening economy: the case of Colombia

Arguello, Ricardo; Valderrama, Daniel; Acero, Sandra
Fonte: Facultad de Economía Publicador: Facultad de Economía
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/book; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
We aim to contribute to the assessment of poverty impacts on the rural sector arising from agricultural policy adjustments in Colombia. For this we use an agriculture specialized static CGE model, jointly (sequentially) with a microsimulation model that allows for effective job relocation. Results indicate that the sectoral impact of the program implemented tends to be small and has considerable variability across crops. They also show that the highest impacts come from the irrigation and land improvements component of the program. Lastly, although it reduces poverty, poverty impacts are small and tend to concentrate in rural households toward the middle of the income distribution ladder.

Liberalising agricultural policy for sugar in Europe risks damaging public health

Aguirre, Emilie K.; Mytton, Oliver T.; Monsivais, Pablo
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
; Agricultural policy is thought to have an important influence on our diets and consequently on our health. Europe is in the process of reforming its agricultural policies for sugar ? Emilie Aguirre and colleagues discuss what this might mean for our health.; This work was undertaken by the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR, MR/K023187/1), a UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence. Funding from the British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research, and the Wellcome Trust, under the auspices of the UK Clinical Research Collaboration, is gratefully acknowledged. EKA was also supported by Fulbright-Schuman grant and a Harvard Knox Fellowship from Harvard University.

Character, goals and progress of the common agricultural policy of the European Union; CONCEITO, OBJECTIVOS E EVOLUÇÃO DA POLÍTICA AGRÍCOLA COMUM DA UNIÃO EUROPEIA

Dimitrov, Slavi Petrov
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/09/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Agricultural sector is among the most important, mostdebatable and most financed activities in the European Union.The complicated relations in the Union require coordinatedcommon policy, known as Common agricultural policy of theEuropean Union. Such policy enables the most efficient useof resources and supporting the countries which are about tojoin the Union.; O sector agrário é uma das actividades económicas de maiorpeso, uma das mais discutidas, das mais financiadas na UniãoEuropeia. As relações complexas exigem uma aplicação harmonizadade uma política comunitária conhecida como Políticaagrícola comum da União Europeia. Uma política destecarácter dá possibilidade para uma exploração de elevadaeficácia dos recursos existentes e para o apoio dos paísesem vias de adesão à União.