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West Bank and Gaza Public Expenditure Review : From Crisis to Greater Fiscal Independence, Volume 2

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.63%
This report examines the fiscal crisis facing the Palestinian Authority (PA) that could threaten its very existence. It looks at recent macroeconomic and fiscal developments and gives and analysis of key issues and challenges such as economic and fiscal trends. The report also goes in depth analysis of the public financial management issues, the challenges of civil service reform, reforming intergovernmental fiscal relations, the education sector, and social policy and social safety nets. The report is divided into two volumes with volume one giving an overview with conclusions and recommendations, while volume gives an in depth look at the topics.

Ghana : 2005 External Review of Public Financial Management, Volume 1, Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
The 2005 External Review of Public Financial Management (ERPFM) consists of two volumes. The first volume is the main text, while the second volume comprises statistical annexes. In the first chapter of volume I, after this introduction, macroeconomic developments are assessed, including aggregate fiscal discipline and the risks to the fiscal outlook and macroeconomic stability. The next chapter focuses on budget management and the Ghana Poverty Production Strategy (GPRS). After a brief review of recent revenue trends, public expenditure management (PEM) is assessed in more detail through examining budget predictability and reliability and the implications for the strategic resource allocation role of the budget and the operational efficiency of public spending. The extent of alignment of the budget with GPRS is also reviewed. Finally, challenges to improving public expenditure management are discussed. The last chapter examines accountability issues through an assessment of the progress in implementing the new regulatory framework for public financial management, including the Financial Administration Act, the Public Procurement Act and the Internal Audit Agency Act, as well as the Budget and Public Expenditure Management System (BPEMS) and Integrated Personnel and Payroll Database (IPPD) systems. Volume II presents three annexes with information complementing the analysis of the main report and a Statistical Annex

Sudan : World Bank Review of 2008 Budget Performance and 2009 Budget Preliminary Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.68%
As a follow-up to the first Public Expenditure Review (PER), this note reviews fiscal management by the Government of National Unity (GoNU) through 2008 budget performance, including pro-poor spending, and how do its main features compare to the fiscal management under the first phase of the post-CPA interim period (2005-07)? The note also runs through the highlights of the key features of the GoNU 2009 budget and what has been the impact of the global crisis on the budget performance through the first quarter. The main objective is to highlight fiscal lessons for the remaining period of the post-CPA interim period. The note is structured around the following six sections: review of the economic assumptions underlying the 2008 budgets, aggregate fiscal performance, revenue performance, expenditure performance, pro-poor spending, and the 2009 budget analysis followed by actual outturns through the first quarter.

Fiscal Rules and the Pro-Cycylicality of Public Investment in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Dessus, Sébastien; Diaz Sanchez, Jose Luis; Varoudakis, Aristomene
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
Evidence from a large panel of low-income and lower middle-income countries over the period 1995–2012 suggests that, contrary to other countries, public investment in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) has been pro-cyclical. Public investment contracts more in “bad times” than it increases in “good times” and appears to have become pro-cyclical since the introduction of the fiscal convergence criteria in 1994. The pro-cyclicality of public expenditure and the high asymmetry of shocks that affect WAEMU countries justify exploring options for greater counter-cyclicality of rules-based fiscal frameworks and for risk-sharing.

Public Expenditures for Decentralized Governance in Honduras : Towards Restoring Fiscal Consolidation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
Fiscal consolidation remains the central challenge facing Honduras, mainly due to increasing current expenditures. The widening fiscal deficit has been driven by a significant increase in current expenditures. These increased current expenditures, which add rigidity to the budget, have occurred at the expense of investments. The efficiency of spending remains a key constraint. Limited improvements, especially in health and education outcomes despite high allocations to these sectors, suggest the need to improve the efficiency and quality of expenditures. Increased public expenditures have not delivered in terms of growth and improved public services, and whether the country is ready for decentralization remains an open question. Growing fiscal deficits and weak public financial management practices have constrained the ability of the central government to implement and finance the decentralization process. Current decentralization targets would pose significant fiscal challenges to the central government. The deterioration of the fiscal deficit is not a result of fiscal decentralization. However...

Honduras Public Expenditure Review : Towards Restoring Fiscal Consolidation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
Fiscal consolidation remains the central challenge facing Honduras, mainly due to increasing current expenditures. The widening fiscal deficit has been driven by a significant increase in current expenditures. These increased current expenditures, which add rigidity to the budget, have occurred at the expense of investments. The efficiency of spending remains a key constraint. Limited improvements, especially in health and education outcomes despite high allocations to these sectors, suggest the need to improve the efficiency and quality of expenditures. Increased public expenditures have not delivered in terms of growth and improved public services, and whether the country is ready for decentralization remains an open question. Growing fiscal deficits and weak public financial management practices have constrained the ability of the central government to implement and finance the decentralization process. Current decentralization targets would pose significant fiscal challenges to the central government. The deterioration of the fiscal deficit is not a result of fiscal decentralization. However...

Burundi Public Expenditure Review : Strengthening Fiscal Resilience to Promote Government Effectiveness

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
This public expenditure review is prepared by the World Bank, in close collaboration with the government of Burundi. This document highlights the significant progress made by Burundi in the recent past. The most notable recent achievement has been the improvement of indicators in the sectors of health, education and gender. In spite of such progress however, it is observed that economic growth remains weak and gross domestic product (GDP) rates are below expectations. Burundi is therefore vulnerable to different sources of shocks, especially external as a result of increasing prices of imported food and fuel, the price volatility of tea and coffee exports, climate change, and declining aid transfers. The main objective of the public expenditure review is to assist the government in its efforts to escape fragility by focusing on two important and complementary themes: 1) creating adequate fiscal space to reduce the impact of future shocks; and 2) using the available fiscal space to improve public expenditure management and promote government effectiveness.

Swaziland : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
The objective of this assessment was to identify key Public Financial Management (PFM) risks and mitigating actions (reforms) that the Government should plan and implement, in consultation with development partners. The agreed PFM reform programme will endeavour to mitigate key risks in achieving aggregate fiscal discipline, efficient resource allocation, and efficient and effective delivery of public services (development purpose) and accountability. In addition, it will attempt to establish a level of fiduciary assurance for donors that funds will be applied for their intended purpose with economy, efficiency and effectiveness (fiduciary purpose). The remainder of this report contains background information on PFM in Swaziland (section two), an explanation of the scores for individual performance indicators (section three), key risks and recommended mitigating actions/reforms (section four) and a summary description of the government's reform programme (section five). Annexes include - the summary of the performance indicator scores (annex A); a comparison of the results from the 2007 assessment with 2009 (annex B); the calculation of deviations by budget head for the period 2006-2008 (annex C); the list of sources used for each indicator (annex D); the list of participants met during the CIFA assessment meetings (annex E); the new PFM bill (annex F) and a document reference list (annex G).

Reforms under Fiscal Stress : A Policy Note on the Priorities for Fiscal and Budget Reform in Nepal

Bajracharya, Roshan Darshan; Biletska, Nataliya; Rajaram, Anand
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
This note, first of the several on fiscal management and policy option notes planned, provides a concise assessment of the achievements to date of the ongoing reforms to budget management in Nepal and concludes with some guidance on the key focus areas of fiscal policy and expenditure management over the near and medium term. It is a selective assessment that looks at major aspects of the policy and budget process with a view to identifying areas for strategic focus, rather than a detailed rendering of the reforms. The note highlights the fiscal challenges that are assuming increasing prominence and which must be addressed by policy decisions and medium term reforms. While recognizing the uniqueness of Nepal's initial conditions, capacities and current security related challenges, the note takes account of international experience in implementing such reforms. The note starts with the economic and political background. The second section reviews fiscal trends and outlines issues to be considered by a fiscal strategy. The third section discusses institutional issues to strengthen the budget process.

Stabilization and Fiscal Empowerment : The Twin Challenges Facing India's States, Volume 1. Executive Summary and Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.66%
India, home to more than one billion people, has experienced rapid growth over the past decade, averaging about six percent per year between 1992/93 and 2003/04. The agenda backed in this report is one that receives widespread support from both the central and state governments in India. The fiscal stress of the late nineties gave rise to an intense state-level reform effort. Six years on, this report documents the many initiatives undertaken by the states to restore fiscal sustainability, and become more effective agents of development. It outlines successes, lessons learnt, and highlights further challenges, on both the expenditure side (chapter two) and the revenue side (chapter three). It also looks at the incentive framework within which the states operate (chapter four), and asks whether there is a feasible reform package that will take the states not only out of fiscal crisis, but strengthened to meet the development challenges which confront them. This chapter provides the context for what follows by outlining the role and increasingly divergent performance of the state governments (section two)...

Stabilization and Fiscal Empowerment : The Twin Challenges Facing India's States, Volume 2. Detailed Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.57%
India, home to more than one billion people, has experienced rapid growth over the past decade, averaging about six percent per year between 1992/93 and 2003/04. The agenda backed in this report is one that receives widespread support from both the central and state governments in India. The fiscal stress of the late nineties gave rise to an intense state-level reform effort. Six years on, this report documents the many initiatives undertaken by the states to restore fiscal sustainability, and become more effective agents of development. It outlines successes, lessons learnt, and highlights further challenges, on both the expenditure side (chapter two) and the revenue side (chapter three). It also looks at the incentive framework within which the states operate (chapter four), and asks whether there is a feasible reform package that will take the states not only out of fiscal crisis, but strengthened to meet the development challenges which confront them. This chapter provides the context for what follows by outlining the role and increasingly divergent performance of the state governments (section two)...

Vietnam Fiscal Transparency Review : Analysis and Stakeholder Feedback on State Budget Information in the Public Domain

World Bank
Fonte: Hanoi Publicador: Hanoi
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
Vietnam has come far in improving fiscal transparency. Building on these gains could help strengthen macroeconomic management, improve market perceptions of risk, and increase accountability for service delivery. Fiscal transparency is an important element of the Government's policy dialogue with development partners, particularly in the context of ongoing budgetary support. External reviews of PFM and fiscal transparency in Vietnam have noted important progress though highlighted considerable scope for improvement. This report aims to complement ongoing PFM reviews, including the Government's Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment, to help identify relatively low cost measures to strengthen fiscal transparency. It draws on existing diagnostic approaches to carry out a technical review on the public availability of fiscal information (section B), and the coverage, comprehensiveness and presentation of fiscal reports (sections C and D).

The Gambia - Recovering Fiscal Discipline : Public Expenditure Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Recent economic performance in The Gambia was extremely poor, and undermined efforts to implement the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Laxity in fiscal and monetary policies, and low agricultural production resulted in low growth, high inflation, and rapid depreciation of the domestic currency. Key macroeconomic targets in the PRSP were missed by a wide margin, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program has been substantially off track. Past expansion of the money supply necessitates tight monetary policies in the form of higher interest rates, which have in turn increased public debt service, and crowded other public spending, including PRSP priority spending. The fiscal and debt sustainability analysis indicates that the country's fiscal situation is unsustainable if the current situation persists, particularly since the country continues to be vulnerable to exogenous shocks, such as the low rainfalls in 2002. The present Public Expenditure Review (PER) seeks to analyze the reform agenda, while mindful of local capacity and incentives. However, even if the agenda is carefully designed, in the end the success of the reform agenda depends on a high level o f political commitment. It should be noted...

Honduras : Public Expenditure Management for Poverty Reduction and Fiscal Sustainability

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
As a highly indebted poor country, Honduras faces a dual challenge of reducing poverty while ensuring medium-term sustainability of its public spending to avoid recurrence of over indebtedness. This Public Expenditure Review (PER) is intended to contribute to the government's overall poverty reduction efforts through efficient use of public resources and fiscally sustainable improvement in public services. It provides an assessment of Honduras' institutional capacity for good expenditure management and identifies key policy priorities in selected sector (health, education, and infrastructure). A good institutional arrangement of effective public expenditure management requires achieving the three inter-related objectives of aggregate fiscal discipline, allocation of resources to strategic priorities, and operational efficiency. One of the problems in Honduras' public expenditure management that can be tackled immediately is the need for improvement in the budget classification system for better fiscal transparency. Besides...

Nigeria - A Fiscal Agenda for Change : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review, Volume 2. Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69%
This report reviews the trends in expenditure patterns in public financial management (PFM) in Nigeria since 2001, and assesses the impact thus far of the ongoing government reform efforts. The public expenditure management and financial accountability review (PEMFAR) covers areas that have been traditionally undertaken by separate Bank reports such as the public expenditure reviews (PER), the country financial accountability assessment (CFAA), and the country procurement assessment review (CPAR). This analysis covers fiscal policies and performance at both federal and state government levels. The PEMFAR is a consolidated diagnostic tool designed to enhance Bank, development partners' and member countries' knowledge of PFM arrangements and reform challenges. The core objective of the Nigeria PEMFAR is to advise the Government (federal and participating states) on how (i) to better focus and sequence its PFM, including the procurement reform agenda within a broader economic reform framework, and (ii) identify directions and instruments of restructuring its expenditure patterns on both macro and sectoral levels. The PEMFAR also aims to inform international development partners on how they could provide more efficient support for the PFM reforms in Nigeria by identifying the main bottlenecks within the existing reform process.

Pakistan - Punjab Province : Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.68%
This document reports on a Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment (PFMAA) for the province of Punjab. The study was commissioned jointly by the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UK Department for International Development (DfID), and the European Commission (EC). The Government of Punjab (GoPj) managed the process through a Steering Committee chaired by the Finance Secretary. This summary assessment uses the indicator-led analysis to provide an integrated assessment of the Punjab Province's PFM system against the six core dimensions of PFM performance and provides a statement of the likely impact of those weaknesses on budgetary outcomes, on aggregate fiscal discipline, and on the strategic allocation of resources and efficient service delivery. The PFMAA was conducted against 31 Public Financial Management (PFM) performance measurement indicators in accordance with the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework.

Pakistan, Sindh Province - Public financial management accountability assessment

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.7%
This report presents the public financial management and accountability assessment (PFMAA) for Pakistan's Sindh province. The assessment uses the public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) 2005 framework, which comprises 31 performance indicators to evaluate: (i) the six core public financial management (PFM) dimensions (credibility of the budget; transparency and comprehensiveness; policy-based budgeting; predictability and control in budget execution; accounting, recording, and reporting; and external scrutiny), and (ii) the extent to which donor practices and the management of donor funds affect the PFM systems in the country. This assessment report highlights the likely impact of PFM weaknesses on budgetary outcomes, aggregate fiscal discipline, the strategic allocation of resources, and efficient service delivery.

United Republic of Tanzania Public Expenditure Review FY03 : Managing Public Expenditures for Poverty Reduction - Report on Fiscal Developments and Public Expenditure Management Issues

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
In line with the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) context, this external evaluation looks at budgetary developments, primarily through the lens of the PRS, thus with important implications for the Public Expenditure Review (PER) process, which has evolved into the principal analytic instrument to support the translation of PRS objectives and strategies, into budgets. Overall fiscal policy remained very conservative in FY02, and FY03. Tanzania continues to use a cash budget system that strictly constrains spending, and commitment levels to short term availability of cash. While the system was clearly useful, improvements in budget and aid management put the continued use of a cash budget system into question; thus it is advisable to revisit options for relaxing the stringency of the cash budget. Nevertheless, the revenue to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio, fell marginally to 12.1 percent in FY02, but is projected to reach 12.5 percent in FY03, therefore, with respect to new tax policy measures, it will be important to pay attention to the impact of such measures on poverty and growth. However...

Philippines - Improving Government Performance : Discipline, Efficiency and Equity in Managing Public Resources; EASPR

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
The Philippine authorities, confronted with an unfavorable governance and macroeconomic environment in 2001, established a consistent track record in 2001 in stabilizing the economy and improving investor sentiment. The unfolding developments in 2002-03, however, pose a threat to a still fragile fiscal and institutional environment, and can dim the prospects for attaining the Philippines' target for higher growth and renewed poverty reduction. Fiscal sustainability and the government's ability to finance poverty-reducing programscontinues to be at risk from falling revenues, rising public debt and debt service, and off-budget risks. This constrained environment makes it doubly important to focus on increasing fiscal flexibility through increasing revenue collections and enhancing the discipline, efficiency, and equity of public expenditures. the objective of this public Expenditure, Procurement and Financial Management Review (PEPFMR) is to examine selected issues in the allocation and managmeent of public resources of interest to the Philippine authorities...

Republic of Chile : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.53%
Chile's macroeconomic policies and strong fundamentals have, to a large extent, insulated it from regional crises, and have allowed continued growth in recent years, albeit at lower rates than in the mid-1990s. Economic performance continues to outpace that of the rest of the Region, and in per capita terms, GDP growth has averaged 4 percent per year since 1990, versus one percent for the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region during the same period. This performance is sustained by sound policies and an ambitious structural reform agenda. The abundant trust in government in Chile today, can be attributed, in part, to two elements of transparency: its fiscal reporting, and the incontestable review by a competent, independent authority - the CGR (Controller General of the Republic). Furthermore, Chile has effectively centralized policies and procedures to support aggregate fiscal discipline, yet, its public financial management is characterized by a unique blend of strengths and weakness. Chile is well into the second generation of public sector reforms. Notwithstanding the favorable status of financial management, to advance with modernization in terms of fiscal transparency, several issues have to be addressed. For Chile to emerge at the forefront of public sector management...