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Relação entre estruturas organizacionais e indicadores de desempenho das organizações não-governamentais do estado de São Paulo; Relationship between Organizational Design and Performance Indicators of Nongovernmental Organizations in the State of São Paulo.

Aguiar, Andson Braga de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
Esta pesquisa identifica e analisa as relações entre os aspectos básicos que determinam as estruturas organizacionais – sob a ótica de Henry Mintzberg – e indicadores de desempenho operacional das Organizações Não-Governamentais do Estado de São Paulo. Subsidiariamente, analisa o relacionamento entre estruturas organizacionais e área de atuação, idade, tamanho e composição das receitas. Os aspectos básicos representam os parâmetros de design e os fatores situacionais. Os indicadores de desempenho são analisados sob os aspectos quantitativos e qualitativos. Os indicadores quantitativos aplicados foram: índice de aplicação de recursos na atividade meio, índice de aplicação de recursos na atividade fim, produtividade de mão-de-obra e produtividade de capital. Quanto aos qualitativos, identificam-se os principais fatores com os quais as entidades pesquisadas estão comprometidas no sentido de satisfazer os beneficiários na prestação dos serviços. Realizou-se uma pesquisa de campo, dentro de uma abordagem hipotético-dedutiva, envolvendo 34 entidades ligadas à Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não-Governamentais, por meio de um roteiro para condução de entrevistas. Detectou-se, na análise do conjunto das ONGs...

Nurse turnover in substance abuse treatment programs affiliated with the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN)

Knudsen, Hannah K.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Roman, Paul M.; Studts, Jamie L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Voluntary nurse turnover, which is costly and disrupts patient care, has not been studied as an organizational phenomenon within substance abuse treatment organizations. In this exploratory study, we examined the frequency and correlates of nurse turnover within treatment programs affiliated with the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). During face-to-face interviews conducted in 2005–2006, 215 program administrators reported the number of nurses currently employed. Leaders of programs with nursing staff then described the number of nurses who had voluntarily quit in the past year, the degree to which filling vacant nursing positions was difficult, and the average number of days to fill a vacant position. About two-thirds of these programs had at least one nurse on staff. In programs with nurses, the average rate of voluntary turnover was 15.0%. Turnover was significantly lower in hospital-based programs and programs offering adolescent treatment, but higher in facilities offering residential treatment. The majority of administrators indicated that filling vacant nurse positions was difficult and took more than two months to complete. These findings suggest that nurse turnover is a significant issue facing many substance abuse treatment facilities. Efforts to improve retention of the addiction treatment workforce should be expanded to include nursing professionals.

MoH+: A Global, Integrated, and Automated View of Official Outbreak Reporting

Bahk, Chi; Scales, David; Mekaru, Sumiko; Brownstein, John S.; Freifeld, Clark
Fonte: University of Illinois at Chicago Library Publicador: University of Illinois at Chicago Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Objective: To introduce MoH+, HealthMap’s (HM) real-time feed of official government sources, and demonstrate its utility in comparing the timeliness of outbreak reporting between official and unofficial sources. Introduction: Previous studies have documented significant lags in official reporting of outbreaks compared to unofficial reporting (1,2). MoH+ provides an additional tool to analyze this issue, with the unique advantage of actively gathering a wide range of streamlined official communication, including formal publications, online press releases, and social media updates. Methods: Outbreaks reported by official sources were identified through MoH+ (healthmap.org/mohplus), which collects surveillance data published globally by ministries of health (MoH), other related ministries, government portals, government-affiliated organizations, and international governing bodies (Fig. 1). Reporting of these outbreaks was also identified in unofficial sources using various HM feeds including Google News, ProMED, and participatory surveillance feeds. Of the 109 outbreaks identified since May 2012, 65 were excluded as they started before data collection, 7 were excluded as they were not reported by unofficial sources, and 1 was excluded as it was a non-natural outbreak. For the remaining 36 outbreaks...

Bidders’ Entry and Auctioneer’s Rejection : Applying a Double Selection Model to Road Procurement Auctions

Estache, Antonio; Iimi, Atsushi
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Limited competition has been a serious concern in infrastructure procurement. Importantly, however, there are normally a number of potential bidders initially showing interest in proposed projects. This paper focuses on tackling the question why these initially interested bidders fade out. An empirical problem is that no bids of fading-out firms are observable. They could decide not to enter the process at the beginning of the tendering or may be technically disqualified at any point in the selection process. This paper applies the double selection model to procurement data from road development projects in developing countries and examines why competition ends up restricted. It shows that bidders are self-selective and auctioneers also tend to limit participation depending on the size of contracts. Therefore, limited competition would likely lead to high infrastructure procurement costs.

Corporate Restructuring : Lessons from Experience

Pomerleano, Michael; Shaw, William
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
In the wake of the periodic financial crises of the late 1990s, the international financial institutions and many experts have recognized the need for a strategy to avoid and mitigate the severity of crises in the corporate sector. Addressing this problem requires the complementary efforts of policymakers, regulators, lawyers, insolvency experts, corporate restructuring specialists, and financiers. What are the roots of corporate distress? Can systemic corporate crises be predicted? What is the role of legal frameworks in preventing and coping with a crisis? What are the most effective financial techniques for dealing with distressed corporate organizations? This volume takes a multidisciplinary perspective on corporate restructuring, and examines international experiences in dealing with corporate crises.

Do Poor Countries Really Need More IT?

Eden, Maya; Gaggl, Paul
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Conventional wisdom suggests too little information and communication technologies (ICT) in poor countries. Indeed, within 70 countries at various levels of development, there is a positive relationship between income per capita and the capital share of ICT. While this regularity is consistent with explanations based on technology adoption lags and ICT-labor substitutability, there is little empirical support for these hypotheses. Instead, the paper establishes that this regularity can be fully accounted for by (a) relatively higher ICT prices in low-income countries and (b) industrial composition.

Self-regulatory organizations under the shadow of governmental oversight : an experimental investigation

VAN KOTEN, Silvester; ORTMANN, Andreas
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Self-regulatory organizations (SROs) can be found in education, healthcare, and other not-for-profit sectors as well as in the accounting, financial, and legal professions. DeMarzo et al. (2005) show theoretically that SROs can create monopoly market power for their affiliated agents, but that governmental oversight, even if less efficient than oversight by the SRO, can largely offset the market power. We provide an experimental test of this conjecture. For carefully rationalized parameterizations and implementation details, we find that the predictions of DeMarzo et al. (2005) are borne out.

2011 annual report on training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations

Miller, Therese; Plale, Beth; Stewart, Craig A.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This report summarizes training, education, and outreach activities for calendar 2011 of PTI and affiliated organizations, including the School of Informatics and Computing, Office of the Vice President for Information Technology, and Maurer School of Law. Reported activities include those led by PTI Research Centers (Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research, Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies, Data to Insight Center, Digital Science Center) and Service and Cyberinfrastructure Centers (Research Technologies Division of University Information Technology Services, National Center for Genome Assembly Support)

2012 annual report on training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations; January 1 - December 31, 2012

Miller, Therese; Ping, Robert J.; Plale, Beth; Stewart, Craig A.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This report summarizes training, education, and outreach activities for calendar 2012 of PTI and affiliated organizations, including the School of Informatics and Computing, Office of the Vice President for Information Technology, and Maurer School of Law. Reported activities include those led by PTI Research Centers (Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research, Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies, Data to Insight Center, Digital Science Center) and Service and Cyberinfrastructure Centers (Research Technologies Division of University Information Technology Services, National Center for Genome Assembly Support)

2013 annual report on training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations; January 1 - December 31, 2013

Ping, Robert J.; Miller, Therese; Plale, Beth; Stewart, Craig A.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This report summarizes training, education, and outreach activities for calendar 2013 of PTI and affiliated organizations, including the School of Informatics and Computing, Office of the Vice President for Information Technology, and Maurer School of Law. Reported activities include those led by PTI Research Centers (Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research, Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies, Data to Insight Center, Digital Science Center) and Service and Cyberinfrastructure Centers (Research Technologies Division of University Information Technology Services, National Center for Genome Assembly Support)

2012 annual report on training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations

Ping, Robert
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
The publication describes activities on training, education, and outreach by the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations.

Check My School; A Case Study on Citizens’ Monitoring of the Education Sector in the Philippines

Shkabatur, Jennifer
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
Check My School (CMS) is a community monitoring project that aims to promote transparency and social accountability in the Philippine education sector by tracking the provision of services in public schools. The project uses a blended approach, which combines on-the-ground community monitoring with the use of information and communication technology (ICT). CMS had been initiated and designed by the Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP) and jointly supported by the World Bank Institute and the Open Society Institute. Although CMS is a young project (the pilot began in early 2011), it has already attracted worldwide attention of governments, civil society organizations, and international donors. CMS is often cited as a ‘good practice’ in the field, and the governments of several countries, including Indonesia, Kenya, and Moldova, are interested in adapting the CMS model to their country contexts. This case study sheds light on the design and implementation features of the first pilot cycle of CMS in public schools across the Philippines. The case study discusses the general political background and operating environment of the CMS project...

Extending hypothesis testing of edge organizations using functional magnetic resonance imaging during ELICIT

Kalbfleisch, Layne; Nissen, Mark E.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.26%
The Edge, appropriate for exploring contemporary military operations raises issues regarding comparative performance to traditional hierarchical configurations. Well-controlled experimental design offers insight about the internal workings of the Edge organization with high levels of reliability and internal validity. Leweling and Nissen (2007) reported results of an extension to a series of laboratory experiments using the ELICIT multiplayer intelligence game. This confirmed that Edge organizations outperform Hierarchy organizations in certain tasks, environmental contexts, and performance measures. Their findings answer questions and inform future experimentation. In particular, complementary research suggests that participants' tacit knowledge and contextual influence modulates those results. If so, then understanding tacit knowledge and contextual influence at the physiological level--and linking such understanding to individual and team performace--can reveal novel insight into how to organize, lead, and perform in high-capability organizations (Kalnfleisch, et al., 2006, 2007, Roberts et al., 2009, Kalbfleisch, in press). In this paper we explain the elements necessary to understand and employ during state-of-the-art functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to illuminate such physiological bases. Specifically...

2013 annual report on training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations

Ping, Robert
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
The 2013 report discusses the year's training, education, and outreach activities of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute and affiliated organizations.

Islamic women's organizations in Indonesia: Characteristics, activities, and government funding

Nuryartono, N.; Sukontamarn, P.
Fonte: ASAA; www Publicador: ASAA; www
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
Using survey data of 59 Islamic women’s organizations, the paper presents information on the characteristics and activities of Islamic women’s organizations in Indonesia. The study focuses on organizations which are affiliated with Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Muhammadiyah, and Persis. The study further analyzes the characteristics of the organizations which are correlated with the receipt of government funding. Surprisingly, organizations that report that they have activities related to women’s empowerment are less likely to receive government funding compared to those that do not have activities related to women’s empowerment.; Nunung Nuryartono and Pataporn Sukontamarn

Triggers of Contract Breach : Contract Design, Shocks, or Institutions?

Nose, Manabu
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
This paper constructs a large contract-level data set to examine factors that trigger breach of foreign investment contracts. Similar to the case of outright expropriation, political regime type is an important determinant of breach of contract. Furthermore, although investors' bargaining power becomes obsolete as contracts mature, contracts can be designed to mitigate the risk of breach of contract by involving multilateral organizations and creating buffers to absorb commodity price shocks. The paper examines the type of countries prone to contract breaches. After controlling for regional and sector fixed effects, less-democratic and resource-dependent governments are more likely to breach contracts, especially after large global shocks, notably natural disasters.

ONGs no Brasil: um estudo sobre suas características e fatores que têm induzido seu crescimento

Ferreira, Victor Claudio Paradela
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
Esse trabalho busca identificar as principais características assumidas pelas organizações não-governamentais (ONGs) brasileiras e os fatores que têm contribuído para o expressivo crescimento dessas organizações observado nas duas últimas décadas. A tese aqui defendida é de que elas foram legitimadas pela sociedade, à despeito da nebulosidade que envolve suas práticas. Partindo da constatação de que o termo é polissêmico e de que não há um marco legal consolidado para delimitar claramente o que é uma ONG, a pesquisa adotou um universo bem específico: as ONGs filiadas à Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não-Governamentais (ABONG), sediadas no município do Rio de Janeiro. As características assumidas pelas organizações pesquisadas foram levantadas em entrevistas com seus dirigentes, visitas às suas sedes e nos documentos institucionais disponibilizados. Também foram entrevistados formadores de opinião da sociedade carioca. O levantamento de dados contou ainda com uma revisão da literatura disponível. Foi utilizada a Teoria das Representações Sociais para um melhor entendimento da relação que a sociedade estabeleceu com as ONGs. A tese revela que as características assumidas pelas ONGs são bastante diferenciadas. Sobre os fatores que têm induzido o crescimento dessas organizações...

Dynamic and Lasting Impacts: Socioeconomic Effects of Protracted Refugee Camps on Host Communities in Tanzania

Han, Min Courtney
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Formato: 1166629 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
Poor sub-Saharan African countries are more likely to host long-term refugee situations in the 21st century than in previous decades. Many hosting governments have restricted refugees to camps because they consider long-term refugees to be economic burdens. Refugee-affiliated organizations have attempted to address this complaint by exploring development projects for locals living in refugee-affected areas. To investigate how refugees and NGOs actually impact host communities during and after camp protraction, three Tanzanian villages near a recently closed fourteen-year-old refugee camp were assessed using a mixed-methods research approach. Impacts from camp presence were analyzed based on those caused by refugees themselves, and those by refugee-affiliated humanitarian organizations. Focus groups discussions provide evidence of four different stages of camp presence effects: high instability during initial presence, positive interactions for eight years, increased crime and tensions ten years after initial contact, and lagging NGO development and compensation interventions during and after camp disbandment. NGO benefits for hosts also grew 5-6 years after camp construction. Household surveys indicated that refugee camp presence did not appear to noticeably affect village wealth...

Funding Strategies For Government-Affiliated Gardens

Lowe, Cheryl
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
Approximately one-third of the public gardens in this country are administered by government agencies, or dependent upon government funds for annual operating support. This research documents the basic financial framework for this group of public gardens by studying sources of funds, non-monetary or in kind support services, and partnerships between public and private organizations. Thirty-seven gardens representing different budget sizes and different geographic regions of the country are surveyed, and results analyzed. Funding sources are analyzed for frequency of use and percentage of operating budget. They are placed into three major income categories for analysis: government income, earned income, and contributed income. Funds for capital projects are most often from general taxes, bonds, donations, and fundraising. In kind services such as insurance, building maintenance, and legal services are used by 89% of the gardens. Cooperative arrangements between government and private organizations are common (89% of surveyed gardens) and extremely varied. Governing authority, management agreements, division of program responsibilities, and fundraising issues are discussed. Although government agencies are the primary governing authority in two-thirds of the gardens...

On the Welfare Implications of Automation

Eden, Maya; Gaggl, Paul
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
This paper establishes that the rise in the income share of information and communication technology accounts for half of the decline in labor income share in the United States. This decline can be decomposed into a sharp decline in the income share of “routine” labor—which is relatively more prone to automation—and a milder rise in the non-routine share. Quantitatively, this decomposition suggests large effects of information and communication technology on the income distribution within labor, but only moderate effects on the distribution of income between capital and labor. A production structure calibrated to match these trends suggests modest aggregate welfare gains from automation.