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Advocacy and coverage of needle exchange programs: results of a comparative study of harm reduction programs in Brazil, Bangladesh, Belarus, Ukraine, Russian Federation, and China

Burrows,Dave
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 EN
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26.2%
To prevent or mitigate an AIDS epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs), effective activities need to be implemented on a large enough scale to reach and assist sufficient numbers of drug users and thereby change their risk behaviors related to drug use and sex. Recent work by UNAIDS on "high coverage sites", adopting the above strategies, has shown that one of the key elements in achieving high coverage is ongoing and sophisticated advocacy. High coverage harm reduction sites were studied through literature search and site visits, including key informant interviews, review of service statistics, and data analysis, in order to document the steps that led to scaling up, the way coverage was defined in these sites, and the lessons learned from their efforts. Syringe-exchange programs can achieve high coverage of IDUs. Monitoring to determine regular reach (those who are in regular contact with harm reduction services) should be added to uniform data collection carried out by harm reduction programs. Advocacy is crucial to achieving high coverage.

The power of survivor advocacy: making car trunks escapable

McLoughlin, E.; Fennell, J.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
Survivor advocates are powerful workers for injury prevention. Some of the major prevention successes have been due in large part to their efforts. This case history examines the four year campaign to prevent entrapment in car trunks (or boot) through the routine installation of interior trunk releases. It traces how a life altering event began a cluster of activities leading to product redesign and regulation to prevent injury. The following elements were key: data and the lack thereof, identification of possible solutions, newsworthy tragedies and media advocacy, politics and sympathetic lawmakers, an agency with regulatory authority, manufacturers, and trade associations. Survivors can assist the injury field because the personal and the professional complement each other in advocacy. Public health professionals can assist survivor advocates by sharing research, data and organizational skills, and by helping to secure grants.

Psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis: role of patient advocacy organisations in the twenty first century

Zimmerman, G; Savage, L; Chandler, D; Maccarone, B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2005 EN
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26.27%
All the psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis patient advocacy organisations are devoted to promoting public awareness and patient education; supporting access to effective treatments and physicians committed to the welfare of patients; working with physicians and other organisations to facilitate development of new treatments; and supporting research for more effective treatments and a cure for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. They have participated in the remaking of health politics in the late twentieth century. This was an era in which small patient support and advocacy groups were transformed into sophisticated national health organisations integral to the formation of national health policy and research, treatment, and education funding by working with physicians, legislators, pharmaceutical companies, third party payors, and the media. As we enter the twenty first century, some of these groups have done critical surveys of patients and physicians to discern needs that are redirecting their programming and reshaping directions in the field. Many national leagues have united to form international organisations. Although differences in their national healthcare systems, the age of their organisations, and the diseases they cover are reflected in the focus of their individual activities...

Neighborhood Eating and Activity Advocacy Teams (NEAAT): engaging older adults in policy activities to improve food and physical environments

Buman, Matthew P; Winter, Sandra J; Baker, Cathleen; Hekler, Eric B; Otten, Jennifer J; King, Abby C
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.38%
Local food and physical activity environments are known to impact health, and older adults are generally more vulnerable to health-related environmental impacts due to poorer physical function and mobility impairments. There is a need to develop cost-conscious, community-focused strategies that impact local food and physical activity environment policies. Engaging older adult community residents in assessment and advocacy activities is one avenue to address this need. We describe the Neighborhood Eating and Activity Advocacy Team project, a community-based participatory project in low-income communal housing settings in San Mateo County, CA, as one method for engaging older adults in food and physical activity environment and policy change. Methods and strategies used by the “community action teams” to generate relevant neighborhood environmental data, build coalitions, prioritize complex issues, and advocate for change are presented. Advocacy groups are feasible among older adults to improve food and physical activity environments.

Online Advocacy: Analysis of Human Rights NGO Websites

Kingston, Lindsey N.; Stam, Kathryn R.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
Recent events illustrate the connection between Internet usage and political action, yet non-governmental organizations (NGOs) still seek effective Web strategies for human rights advocacy. Although most NGOs have websites and engage with technologies such as social networking, initial research shows that many organizations simply use the Internet to enhance existing programmes and activities. NGOs are far less likely than individual activists to undertake cutting edge, creative activities that utilize the potential of new technologies. At the same time, adults and young people around the world are becoming more dependent on the Internet for information and networking. This study analyses the websites of 100 human rights NGOs to better understand how such organizations currently utilize the Internet and how their advocacy efforts may be strengthened. The article outlines existing literature related to online activism, stressing the divide between ‘supersize’ activities that build on existing strategy and ‘theory 2.0’ actions that use the Internet in new and dynamic ways. The results of this study are outlined, highlighting statistics that illustrate the current ways that NGOs use the Web and paying particular attention to creative models. Finally...

Online Advocacy: Analysis of Human Rights NGO Websites

Kingston, Lindsey N.; Stam, Kathryn R.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
Recent events illustrate the connection between Internet usage and political action, yet non-governmental organizations (NGOs) still seek effective Web strategies for human rights advocacy. Although most NGOs have websites and engage with technologies such as social networking, initial research shows that many organizations simply use the Internet to enhance existing programmes and activities. NGOs are far less likely than individual activists to undertake cutting edge, creative activities that utilize the potential of new technologies. At the same time, adults and young people around the world are becoming more dependent on the Internet for information and networking. This study analyses the websites of 100 human rights NGOs to better understand how such organizations currently utilize the Internet and how their advocacy efforts may be strengthened. The article outlines existing literature related to online activism, stressing the divide between ‘supersize’ activities that build on existing strategy and ‘theory 2.0’ actions that use the Internet in new and dynamic ways. The results of this study are outlined, highlighting statistics that illustrate the current ways that NGOs use the Web and paying particular attention to creative models. Finally...

La «crise» du recensement canadien en 2010 : pourquoi se mobiliser pour s’opposer à un changement méthodologique?

Major, Marie-Claire
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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36.31%
À l’été 2010, le gouvernement canadien a annoncé le remplacement du formulaire long obligatoire par l’Enquête nationale auprès des ménages, un questionnaire facultatif. Ce changement a causé beaucoup de réactions, parce que cela affectera la qualité et la continuité des données recueillies, qui servent à appliquer différents programmes et lois, et qui sont utilisées par de nombreux groupes dans leurs fonctions de recherche et de représentation. Le présent mémoire a pour objectif de comprendre pourquoi le recensement devient parfois le centre d’un conflit politique, quels acteurs sont impliqués, et pour quelles raisons. À l’aide d’une analyse comparative de cas antérieurs dans différents pays, nous identifions trois éléments nécessaires pour que la méthodologie du recensement devienne un enjeu politique. Il s’agit de la présence: (1) d’un aspect identitaire; (2) d’une dimension idéologique qui concerne particulièrement le rôle de l’État et l’action positive; et (3) de programmes ou d’objectifs gouvernementaux qui dépendent directement des données du recensement. Pour évaluer si ces trois facteurs sont également présents au Canada en 2010, nous avons effectué des entrevues avec les groupes qui ont contesté la décision de l’annulation du formulaire long obligatoire. Ces groupes ont contesté la décision devant les tribunaux...

Civil Society and Peacebuilding : Potential, Limitations and Critical Factors

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
This report develops and discusses a new analytical framework to understand the functions of civil society in peace building. In theory and practice, there is a wide variety of ways to categorize civil society contributions to development and peacebuilding. Donors tend to employ actor-oriented perspectives, focusing on supporting activities of different types of civil society organizations in a given situation. This report proposes to move toward a functional perspective, centered on the roles that different actors can play in conflict situations. The analysis shows that civil society can make numerous positive contributions and have unique potential to support peacebuilding and conflict mitigation. It can do so independently as actor in its own right, or in relation to peacebuilding processes and programs led by Governments or the international community. Despite many successful initiatives on the ground, however, civil society should not be considered a panacea. The existence of civil society per se cannot be equated with the existence of peacebuilding actors. Similarly...

Prioritizing Nutrition in India, The Silent Emergency : A Strategy for Commitment Building and Advocacy

CARE India
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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36.31%
This report provides a background of the situation of nutrition in India and the rationale of the initiative presents an overview of the initiative, details the activities accomplished and the achievements in the state of Jharkhand, and at the national level and finally presents the recommendations and lessons learnt at the state and national level. The primary objectives of the initiative was to demonstrate a set of strategic activities to build commitment for nutrition, raise the level of public discourse about nutrition, build a better understanding of the critical gaps and issues to be addressed and advocate for policy and program directions to address these and enhance the commitment for nutrition. The prioritizing nutrition initiative is situated against the above backdrop. It recognizes that policies which aim to increase nutrition level of Indians are developed at the national level, hence to create conducive environment to achieve the goal of nutrition secure nation it is important to have informed and sensitized political leaders...

Gender-inclusive Nutrition Activities in South Asia : Volume 2. Lessons from Global Experiences

Lesser Blumberg, Rae; Dewhurst, Kara; Sen, Soham G.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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35.98%
This paper examines promising approaches from a wide array of literatures to improve gender-inclusive nutrition interventions in South Asia. It is the second of a series on gender and nutrition in South Asia. The first paper explored why gender matters for undernutrition in the region and conducted a mapping of regional nutrition initiatives to find that gender is too narrowly addressed in most programs if at all. Adequately addressing gender2 requires nutrition programs to focus not only on health services and information for the mother and her children, but also on her autonomy and the support she receives from her partner, other household members, and the broader community. This focus is especially important for adolescent mothers in the region, who have very low status. The present study drew from the conceptual framework of the previous paper and investigated four types of innovations in nutrition initiatives that address gender. These entail promoting: (1) women s household autonomy; (2) household support for the woman and her own and her children s nutrition; (3) community support for the woman and her own and her children s nutrition; and (4) help for adolescent girls. Though the ideal "gender-inclusive nutrition interventions" package (GINI for short) was never found...

Engagement with Civil Society : An EITI Implementation Case Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
Within the World Bank Group (WBG), the Oil, Gas, and Mining Policy Division (COCPO) is responsible for policy and advisory services in the oil, gas, and mining sectors, including World Bank lending. The unit also manages WBG participation in a number of donor-funded global programs and partnerships, including the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). The main finding of this paper is that the direct support to civil society organization (CSO) through the Development Grant Facility (DGF) mechanism (July 2005 to June 2008) was well received and met key program objectives. In particular, DGF funding catalyzed the EITI in countries by helping strengthen CSO ability to play their role in the initiative. Working closely with the Revenue Watch Institute (RWI) during the later part of the DGF grant cycle helped COCPO build partnerships with CSO. The CSO also found the strategic nature of the DGF interventions to be positive, given that the grants allowed them to carry out a broad range of activities (advocacy...

Taming the third sector: an analysis of the changing relationship between the Australian government and the charitable sector

Sharma, Jai
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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26.43%
Recent years have seen significant developments in the relationship between the Federal Government and the charitable sector in Australia. In particular, considerable growth in the income of charities has afforded them the possibility of engaging more closely with two key areas of non-traditional influence. The first of these areas is that of political advocacy. The second is the undertaking of business-like activities to raise funds for charitable causes, an approach termed 'social enterprise'. These developments have placed significant strain on the charitable sector's relationship with a Federal Government that is generally critical of and actively resistant to such expansion. With respect to the political activities of the charitable sector, the Government has pursued a number of different approaches to minimising its impact. The most overt of these means has been through direct correspondence between government ministers and members of parliament threatening to strip charities that engage in political advocacy of their deductible gift recipient (DGR) tax status. More subtle means have also been used. On top of proposed legislative restriction through the Draft Charities Bill 2003, the Government has recently commissioned a new peak representative body of the charitable sector to be known as the Not-For-Profit Council of Australia...

Romania - Functional Review : Romania Competition Council

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
The European Union is founded on a competitive market economy unified by commonly agreed rules and practices. While Romania has joined the Union, its ability to prosper fully within the common market requires a strengthened commitment to, and ability to protect, EU competition principles. Romania's legal and organizational framework for enhancing competition is tenuous and the current economic and fiscal crisis puts recent gains at risk. In particular, Romania's performance in competition policy still lags behind EU practice and is characterized by: (i) State-owned enterprises and government participation still play a dominant role in many important markets and sectors in Romania, controlling at least one firm in 14 key sectors of the economy and exhibiting a market share above 50% in at least one segment of network industries. (ii) Relatively low enforcement of competition policy against hard-core cartels and abusive practices while merger review cases that do not significantly impose threats to competition account for the bulk of the workload in the competition area. (iii) Low staffing for competition enforcement and economic analysis placing the Romania Competition Council (RCC) at the bottom of European Union rankings with no internal target deadlines to track performance. (iv) Active advocacy activities mainly focus on raising awareness of the importance of competition law but efforts need to be made to refocus activity on tackling anticompetitive regulation...

The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Group Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank Group
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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36.19%
This is the Global Program Review (GPR) of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The objectives of the Facility are: (a) to assist eligible Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) countries in their efforts to achieve emission reductions from deforestation and/or forest degradation by providing them with financial and technical assistance in building their capacity to benefit from possible future systems of positive incentives for REDD; (b) to pilot a performance-based payment system for emission reductions generated from REDD activities, with a view to ensuring equitable benefit sharing and promoting future, large-scale positive incentives for REDD; (c) to test ways to sustain or enhance livelihoods of local communities and to conserve biodiversity; and (d) to disseminate broadly the knowledge gained in the development of the Facility and implementation of readiness preparation proposals and emission reduction programs. This review concludes that that the FCPF has been an innovative program that has added significant value at the global level in defining the modalities of REDD+ and has produced a roadmap for countries to achieve REDD+ readiness. The FCPF has been willing to take risks and pioneer new ways of doing business. It has created a space for inclusive and transparent debate among donors...

The Agribusiness Innovation Center of Mozambique : Developing Value Adding Market-led Post-harvest Processing Enterprises in Mozambique

Brethenoux, Julia; Costa, Carlos; Giddings, Steven; Olafsen, Ellen; Rebello, Mulweli; Thaller, Jim
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Agriculture and fisheries are the main pillars of Mozambique's economy, having contributed in the last few years to more than 25 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and around 7 to 11 percentage points of the rate of economic growth. Agricultural development in Mozambique has been part of the government agenda because it is crucial to reducing poverty within rural zones. The long-term strategy for the agricultural sector in Mozambique focuses on improving food security and reducing poverty by supporting efforts of the smallholders, as well as the private sector, governmental agencies, and nongovernmental (NGO) agencies to improve agricultural productivity, agro-processing activities, and marketing, while sustainably exploiting natural resources. The agro-industrial sector is an important part of the agricultural sector as a whole; the food industries, beverages, and tobacco are estimated to account for about 70 percent of the overall structure of the manufacturing sector in Mozambique. Yet in Mozambique, processing activities are far behind opportunities offered by the potential diversified production. Instead of a vibrant private sector...

Empowering communities through comprehensive community-based energy advocacy : assessing energy programs and advocacy in California and New Mexico

Figueroa Aguilar, Roxanne de Lourdes, 1973-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 77 p.; 4679448 bytes; 4679254 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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26.27%
While energy permeates virtually all facets of our lives, from our pocketbooks to our health, issues regarding energy fail to garner widespread attention until price surges or blackouts impede everyday activities. With higher energy burdens and higher incidences of power plants in their neighborhoods, however, low-income and Latino/communities of color confront significant economic and environmental energy-related challenges on a daily basis. Energy policies not only impact the prices and provision of energy, but also affect the environmental, economic and physical well-being of communities. Sustainable energy policies that embrace renewable energy sources, energy-efficiency and conservation, and low-income energy programs, in conjunction with reliability and affordability issues, can significantly mitigate the environmental and economic energy burdens confronting low-income and communities of color, as well as the community at-large. Yet, community advocates concerned with issues such as sustainable development, housing, health, environmental justice, and economic development, to name but a few, often leave energy policy to the 'experts,' including utilities and regulators, which tend to overlook these issues, particularly with respect to low-income and communities of color.; (cont.) As a result...

MADD rates the states: a media advocacy event to advance the agenda against alcohol-impaired driving.

Russell, A; Voas, R B; Dejong, W; Chaloupka, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
The "Rating the States" (RTS) Program of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is designed to bring public attention to the status of State government efforts to combat alcohol-impaired driving. MADD's 1993 report, which evaluated each State with a grade from A to D, brought renewed visibility to MADD's fight for new prevention policies and helped to advance key State legislation. Because of MADD's national press conference and other media activities, more than 60 million Americans saw or heard a news story related to the program. This article outlines the program's objectives and methodology, efforts to publicize the results, and what was achieved in terms of news media coverage and in advancing public policy change. The RTS Program is a proven media advocacy strategy for prompting State legislatures and Governors to enact new policies. The article concludes with guidelines for other public health advocacy groups that may want to emulate this strategy.

Can media advocacy influence newspaper coverage of tobacco: measuring the effectiveness of the American stop smoking intervention study's (ASSIST) media advocacy strategies

Stillman, F.; Cronin, K.; Evans, W; Ulasevich, A.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
OBJECTIVE—To compare the rate and slant of local tobacco control print media coverage in ASSIST (American stop smoking intervention study) states as compared with non-ASSIST states.
METHODS—Local tobacco control policy articles, editorials, and letters to the editors published from 1994 to 1998 clipped from all daily local newspapers in the USA were analysed (n = 95 911). The main hypothesis tested for the existence of an interaction between ASSIST intervention and time. This interaction would represent a change in the difference between ASSIST and non-ASSIST states over the course of the intervention.
RESULTS—No evidence of an ASSIST-year interaction was found. However, a main effect for ASSIST was significant for the percentage of articles with the model predicting higher rates of articles for ASSIST states. Similarly the rate of letters to the editor expressing protobacco control views was higher in ASSIST states than non-ASSIST states. No main effects or interactions were found for analyses of percentage of protobacco control editorials. Models controlled for a measure of preintervention tobacco control conditions at baseline.
CONCLUSIONS—The presence of an ASSIST main effect should be interpreted with caution because of the quasi-experimental design and the lack of information on article rates before the ASSIST intervention. Nonetheless...

Advocacia sanitária, cidadania e participação social: análise, histórico e conquistas da Associação dos Portadores de Hepatite do Acre; Health advocacy, citizenship, and social activism: analysis, history, and achievements of the Acre Association of Patients with Hepatitis

Rocha, Danúzia da Silva; Zioni, Fabíola; Caetano, Ana Cássia Andrade
Fonte: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Direito Sanitário da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Direito Sanitário da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; AVALIADOS PELOS PARES; ; ; ; ; Peer-reviewed Article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
This study reports the trajectory of the first nongovernmental organization (NGO) created by patients with hepatitis in Brazil, from its inception to its achievements. The objective of this experience report was to describe the struggle faced by the patients with chronic hepatitis in Acre to obtain the healthcare services they required. Acre is a Brazilian state with the highest number of hepatitis cases. Considering this magnitude, active involvement of patients with hepatitis was necessary to attain improvements in healthcare services and access to free treatment. To gain access to comprehensive healthcare services, as established by law, these patients used various strategies, including government appeals, social mobilization, media, and lawsuits. In doing so, they organized into an NGO, became empowered, and while seeking their rights which were constitutionally established yet denied in practice, exercised activities pertaining to citizenship and health advocacy.; Este artigo relata a trajetória desde a fundação, passando pela consolidação até as conquistas da primeira organização não governamental criada por portadores de hepatites no Brasil. Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que objetivou descrever a luta dos portadores de hepatites crônicas do Estado do Acre pelo tratamento de saúde de que necessitavam. O Acre é o estado do Brasil com maior número de casos de portadores de hepatites. Devido a essa magnitude...

Investing in advocacy interventions for parents with learning disabilities: what is the economic argument?

Bauer, Annette; Wistow, Gerald; Dixon, Josie; Knapp, Martin
Fonte: Personal Social Services Research Unit Publicador: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2013 EN; EN
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26.44%
In the social care area, advocacy refers to an intervention that informs service users of their rights and choices and supports them in resolving issues that have a great impact on their lives. Research at PSSRU funded by the School for Social Care Research investigated some of the costs and outcomes of advocacy provided to parents with learning disabilities who were at risk of losing their children into care. Parents with learning disabilities are a group affected by multiple disadvantages and experience a higher risk of not receiving the support they need. In our research we explored some of the economic consequences of advocacy interventions for parents with learning disabilities. Our research is part of a larger study being carried out by the Personal Social Services Research Unit at LSE and funded by the School for Social Care Research. This wider study examines the economic case for a selected but diverse range of social care interventions that have previously been identified as, or accepted/argued to be effective in achieving well-being or other social care-related outcomes for adults. Partners who were actively involved in this research included Norah Fry Research Centre at Bristol University, Voiceability...